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PDC INGLES 8°

English Assignment SUBJECT AREA I.H.S.

English Foreign Languages 5

GRADE START DATE DUE DATE

8th

LENGTH GUIDE TERM

II

I.

GENERAL COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT FOR THE YEAR: To understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance and to describe in simple terms aspects of his past and his environment and matters related to their immediate needs

II.

TERM COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT:

To differentiate and use with ease the Present Perfect Progressive, Present Perfect tenses accurately to participate confidently in conversations about events that started in the past and continue to the present time using adverbs of time "lately" and "recenly".

III.

GENERATIVE TOPIC

How long have you been studying English? IV.

CONTENT AND SKILLS:

1. Present Perfect Progressive 2. Contrast Present perfect and Present Perfect Progressive

V.

CONNECTION WITH OTHER SUBJECTS:

English is important to comprehend information from other subjects such as science and social studies. With that information you will get ready to understand all the different information you can find all over the world, in a second language.


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PDC INGLES 8°

VI.

VII.

RESOURCES:

• • • •

Spanish – English Dictionary. English Assignment (Includes: English exercises, handouts, content, and word banks) Pencil case. English Book and Workbook.

ACHIEVEMENT INDICATORS:

Superior Diferencia sin ayuda el Presente Perfecto Progresivo del presente perfecto simple; además es capaz de utilizar con mucha precisión los tiempos verbales para participar con confianza en conversaciones acerca de eventos que tuvieron inicio en el pasado y cuya duración continúa hasta el presente usando los adverbios de tiempo “lately” y “recently”.

VIII.

Alto Usa el Presente Perfecto Progresivo y el Presente perfecto simple; participa en conversaciones acerca de eventos que tuvieron inicio en el pasado y cuya duración continúa hasta el presente usando los adverbios de tiempo “lately” y “recently”.

Básico Reconoce las estructuras Presente Perfecto Simple y Presente Perfecto Progresivo

Bajo Se le dificulta entender, usar, diferenciar o reconocer el Presente Perfecto, Pasado,Presente y usar las estructuras en conversaciones acerca de eventos que tuvieron inicio en el pasado y que continúan en el presente utilizando adverbios de tiempo.

REQUIRED RESOURCES:

http://www.english-4kids.com/grade6.html http://englishpage.com/ http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/presentperfectsimpleorcontinuous/menu.php http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/grammar-exercises/present-perfect-simple-and-present-perfect-continuous


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PDC INGLES 8°

STANDARD

UNDERSTANDING PERFORMANCES

Comprendo mensajes cortos y PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE simples relacionados con mi entorno y mis intereses Students are capable of choosing the right form of the auxiliary verb depending on the personales y académicos. subject.

Entiendo lo que me dicen el profesor y mis compañeros en interacciones cotidianas dentro

Students are capable of creating positive statements in the PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE using the verb list if necessary.

TEACHING ACTIVITIES

DATE

ONGOING ASSESMENTS

Teacher presents the goals and introduces the topic Practicing the use of the auxiliary verb TO HAVE Students work on ACTIVITY 1

Oral skills and feedback Listening skills

ACTIVITY 2 The verb list may be used

Class participation and effort to make contributions to the topic developed.

Students are capable of creating negative Students work on statements in the PRESENT PERFECT ACTIVITY 3 PROGRESSIVE using the verb list if The verb list may be used necessary.

Adequate use of the tenses according to the situation in reference.

Students are capable of creating questions Students work on in the PRESENT PERFECT ACTIVITY 4 PROGRESSIVE using the verb list if The verb list may be used necessary.

Class participation and effort to make contributions to the topic being developed.

Further practice: ACTIVITIES 5-7 CONTRAST PRESENT-PERFECTSIMPLE-CONTINUOUS

The teacher goes over the uses of both structures and encourages students to state the differences.

Students are capable of choosing the correct structure when presented options

Students work on ACTIVITY 8

Oral skills and feedback Listening skills

Students are capable of completing sentences using the PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE structure correctly

Students work on ACTIVITY 9

Class participation and effort to make contributions to the topic developed.

Further practice: ACTIVITY 10

Adequate use of the tenses according to the situation in reference.

Quiz

Class participation and effort to make contributions to the topic being developed.


PDC INGLES 8°

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REFERENCE CONTENT 1: PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/presentperfectcontinuous.html

FORM [has/have + been + present participle] Examples: • You have been waiting here for two hours. • Have you been waiting here for two hours? • You have not been waiting here for two hours.

Positive • • • • • • •

Negative I have been sleeping. You have been sleeping. We have been sleeping. They have been sleeping. He has been sleeping. She has been sleeping. It has been sleeping.

• • • • • • •

I have not been sleeping. You have not been sleeping. We have not been sleeping. They have not been sleeping. He has not been sleeping. She has not been sleeping. It has not been sleeping.

Question • • • • • • •

Have I been sleeping? Have you been sleeping? Have we been sleeping? Have they been sleeping? Has he been sleeping? Has she been sleeping? Has it been sleeping?

USE 1 Duration from the Past Until Now

We use the Present Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now. "For five minutes," "for two weeks," and "since Tuesday" are all durations which can be used with the Present Perfect Continuous.


PDC INGLES 8°

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Examples: • • • • •

They have been talking for the last hour. She has been working at that company for three years. What have you been doing for the last 30 minutes? James has been teaching at the university since June. We have been waiting here for over two hours! • Why has Nancy not been taking her medicine for the last three days? USE 2 Recently, Lately

You can also use the Present Perfect Continuous WITHOUT a duration such as "for two weeks." Without the duration, the tense has a more general meaning of "lately." We often use the words "lately" or "recently" to emphasize this meaning. Examples: • • • • • •

Recently, I have been feeling really tired. She has been watching too much television lately. Have you been exercising lately? Mary has been feeling a little depressed. Lisa has not been practicing her English. What have you been doing?

IMPORTANT Remember that the Present Perfect Continuous has the meaning of "lately" or "recently." If you use the Present Perfect Continuous in a question such as "Have you been feeling alright?", it can suggest that the person looks sick or unhealthy. A question such as "Have you been smoking?" can suggest that you smell the smoke on the person. Using this tense in a question suggests you can see, smell, hear or feel the results of the action. It is possible to insult someone by using this tense incorrectly. Recently / lately - late http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/learnit/learnitv233.shtml

There is a slight difference in use between recently and lately (see below) but note that the adverb late is quite different in meaning from lately: its opposite is early. Compare the following:


PDC INGLES 8° • The supermarket has recently opened a new superstore outside town (= a short time ago) • I haven't been to the theater recently / lately. (= over the last few weeks or months) • My health hasn't been too good recently / lately - I've hardly been out at all. • I arrived late for the performance and couldn't get in. • It's a good idea to arrive early so that you have time for a drink before the show starts.

Here are some examples: • I have been studying for 3 hours. • I have been watching TV since 7pm. • Tara hasn't been feeling well for 2 weeks. • Tara hasn't been visiting us since March. • He has been playing football for a long time. • He has been living in Bangkok since he left school

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PDC INGLES 8° FOR

SINCE

a period of time

a point in past time

20 minutes

6.15pm

three days

Monday

6 months

January

4 years

1994

2 centuries

1800

a long time

I left school

ever

the beginning of time

ACTIVITY 1 Decide whether to use “have” or “has”. 1. She___________ been asking questions all day long.

6. It __________been snowing.

2. They __________been climbing the mountain.

7. The boy __________been playing.

3. We __________been washing the dishes.

8. Caty __________been dreaming.

4. You __________been repairing your computer.

9. The men__________ been digging a hole.

5. I __________been working.

10.

Cindy and Bob __________been studying English.


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PDC INGLES 8° ACTIVITY 2 Write positive sentences in present perfect progressive. 1. Albert / squash / play →

6. it / rain / all day →

2. Hannah / the match / watch →

7. Phil and Greg / a race / run →

3. we / in the park / wait →

8. she / her teeth / brush →

4. you / a song / sing →

9. the Millers / in London / live / for three years →

5. I / a magazine / read →

10.

we / on the lake / sail →

ACTIVITY 3 Write negative sentences in present perfect progressive. 1. we / not / in the mountains / walk →

6. we / not / our rooms / clean →

2. Beatrice / not / in Boston / teach →

7. the children / not / on the floor / sleep →

3. Ricky / not / the car / wash →

8. Jeff and Linda / not / cycle →

4. she / not / a poem / write →

9. Christine / not / her home / decorate →

5. we / not / tea / drink →

10.

the cat / not / on the chair / lie / all day →

ACTIVITY 4 Write questions in present perfect progressive. 1. she / on the phone / talk →

4. Sue / in the gym / exercise →

2. his brother / dinner / cook →

5. Robert / the room / paint →

3. Jane and Mary / badminton / play →

6. they / trees / plant →


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PDC INGLES 8° 7. Henry / in the garage / work →

9. how long / Boris / English / learn →

8. they / in the lake / swim →

10.

how long / you / for me / wait →

ACTIVITY 5 Put the verbs into the correct form (present perfect progressive). 1. He (work) ______________________in this company since 1985.

7. I (live)______________________ without electricity for two weeks.

2. I (wait) ______________________for you since two o'clock.

8. The film (run / not) ______________________for ten minutes yet, but there's a commercial break already. 9. How long (work / she) ______________________in the garden?

3. Mary (live) ______________________in Germany since 1992. 4. Why is he so tired? He (play) ____________________tennis for five hours. 5. How long (learn / you) ______________________English?

10.

6. We (look for) ______________________the motorway for more than an

She (not / be) ______________________in the garden for more

than an hour.

hour. ACTIVITY 6 1. He 2. The two ladies 3. The children 4. She 5. They

(feel) unwell for some weeks now. (sing) songs since morning without getting tired. (play) for several hours now and need to be called indoors. (eat) some junk food or other for years and now suffers from various stomach problems. (read) books in large numbers on the subject and so are very knowledgeable about it now.


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PDC INGLES 8° 6. I

(write) letters for the past two hours and my hands are beginning to ache.

7. He 8. It

(run) here and there for a job and has finally found one . (rain) since this morning. How irritating!

9. Politicians

(fool) the public for several years and the public has become wiser now.

10. The poor old lady 11. He 12. They

(cook) meals for a large number of people for some years now. (request) a transfer since 2000. (waste) their time all these months and now all of a sudden have got serious and are studying hard.

ACTIVITY 7 http://www.autoenglish.org/gr.percon.i.htm

CONTENT 2: CONTRAST

2.1 SIMPLE PRESENT - PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE SIMPLE PRESENT

PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE


PDC INGLES 8° infinitive

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form of 'have' + been + ing-form

(3rd person singular: infinitive + 's') Example: I / you / we / they speak he / she / it speaks

Example: I / you / we / they have been speaking he / she / it has been speaking

EXCEPTIONS Exceptions when adding 'ing' : Exceptions when adding 's': • The verbs can, may, might, must remain the same in all forms. Do not add s. Example: he can, she may, it must

• For verbs ending in o or a sibilant (ch, sh, s, z), add es. Example: do - he does, wash - she washes

• y as final letter after a consonant becomes ie. (but: not after a vowel) Example: worry - he worries but: play - he plays

• Silent e as final letter is dropped. (does not apply for -ee) Example: come - coming but: agree - agreeing • After a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is doubled. Example: sit - sitting

• l as final letter after a single vowel is doubled in British English (but not in American English). Example: travel - travelling

• ie at the end of the word becomes y. Example: lie - lying

Use We use Simple Present for general statements about the present and for actions taking place regularly in the present. We use Present Perfect Progressive to express how long an action has been going on.


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PDC INGLES 8° General statements (when/how often) or how long already?

Do you want to make a general statement about the present, e.g. say when or how often an action usually takes place? Or do you want to express, how long an action has already been going on? SIMPLE PRESENT

PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE

general statement, when / how often

how long already

I write a letter every day.

I have been writing for an hour.


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PDC INGLES 8° 2.2. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE – PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/present-perfect-progressive http://english-zone.com/verbs/prsperfcont.html

Form PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE

irregular verbs: form of 'have' + 3rd column of irregular verbs Example: I / you / we / they have spoken he / she / it has spoken regular verbs: form of 'have' + infinitive + ed Example: I / you / we / they have worked he / she / it has worked

form of 'have' + been + verb + ing Example: I / you / we / they have been speaking he / she / it has been speaking

EXCEPTIONS Exceptions when adding 'ed' : • when the final letter is e, only add d Example: love - loved • after a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is doubled Example: admit - admitted • final l is always doubled in British English (not in American English) Example: travel - travelled • after a consonant, final y becomes i (but: not after a vowel)

Exceptions when adding 'ing' : • silent e is dropped. (but: does not apply for -ee) Example: come - coming aber: agree - agreeing • after a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is doubled Example: sit - sitting • after a vowel, the final consonant l is doubled in British English (but not in American


PDC INGLES 8° English). Example: worry - worried but: play - played

Example: travel - travelling • final ie becomes y. Example: lie - lying

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PDC INGLES 8°

Use PRESENT PERFECT:

Use PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE: -for CONTINUING actions

-for actions not happening now

-for actions not finished at the moment

-for actions already finished at this time Sam has played tennis with two different teams. Is Sam playing tennis right now? 1. Yes - he's playing now. 2. No - he's not playing now. Jeff has already finished his homework. Is Jeff doing his homework right now? 1. Yes, he is. (The action is continuing.) 2. No, he isn't. (The action is finished.) Peter and Paul have already cleaned their room. Are they cleaning right now? 1. Yes (The action is continuing.) 2. No (The action is finished.)

-for actions in the recent time period Shaq has been playing for The Lakers since 1996. Does Shaq still play for the Lakers? 1. Yes, he does. (The action is continuing.) 2. No, he doesn't. (The action is finished.) Jeff has been thinking about changing his field of study. Is he still considering changing it? 1. Yes, he is. (The action is continuing.) 2. No, he isn't. (The action is finished.) They have been practicing English for many years. Do they still practice English? 1. Yes, they do. 2. No, they don't.

Sometimes it's possible to use words like WORK, PLAY, STUDY, LIVE, in either tense with no change in meaning. Compare: -Mr. Sanchez has taught English for 6 years. -Mr. Sanchez has been teaching English for 6 years.


PDC INGLES 8°

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ACTIVITY 8 -ICE SKATERS1) Nancy Kerrigan is a professional ice skater. She ____ since she was a child. A) has skated B) has been skating C) both tenses possible 2) Nancy ____ many awards for her skating. In fact, she won an Olympic medal. A) has won B) has been winning C) both possible 3) Suriya Bonaly is also an Olympic ice skater. She's from France, but she ___ in Pennsylvania and Massachussetts in the United States. A) has also lived B) has also been living C) both possible 4) Robin Cousins, a former ice skater and current commentator said this about new skater Mikkeline Kierkgaard, "She is one to watch for the future. She ___ everyone with the quality of her skating." A) has surprised B) has been surprising C) both possible

5) In addition to ice skating, Mikkeline Kierkgaard ___ high school. She gets very good marks, and she even won a prize for being the most serious student at her school, for being able to handle school and skating at the same time. A) has attended B) has been attending C) both possible 6) Brian Boytano, a 1988 Olmypic Gold medalist, ____ lately that upon retirement he will move to a farm in Napa Valley, grow grapes, and ice skate only occasionally. A) has said B) has been saying C) both possible


PDC INGLES 8° 7) Brian ___ about opening a restaurant after he retires from skating, but he hasn't mentioned those plans lately. A) has also talked B) has also been talking C) both possible 8) Scott Hamilton is another famous ice skater. He ____ since he was 9 years old. A) has skated B) has been skating C) both possible 9) Scott was treated for testicular cancer in 1997. He successfully beat the cancer and he ____ cancer-free since that time. A) has remained B) has been remaining C) both possible 10) Scott's focus ___ from skating in competitions to being the commentator at ice shows and sporting events, but he still performs in shows occasionally. A) has changed B) has been changing C) both possible

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PDC INGLES 8° ACTIVITY 9 Put each of the following verbs into either the present perfect or present perfect continuous. Explain your answers. 1. Why are your hands dirty? - Oh I (work)______________ in the garden. 2. It's nine o'clock. Jack (teach) ______________for 4 hours tonight. 3. I (work) ______________at this company for a long time. 4. Brad (think)______________ poorly of Marsha for a long time. 5. Why are you shaking so? What (you/do)______________? 6. Lucky Susan she (visit)______________ so many different countries! 7. I (live)______________ in Seattle for 5 years. 8. (you/finish)______________ your homework yet? 9. He (arrive) ______________from Tokyo. 10.

I (think) ______________for a long time and I (decide)______________ that you need to give up your job.

11.

Nick (buy) ______________a new house!

12.

Some of my students (study)______________ English for over 5 years.

13.

It's a quarter to nine! I (wait)______________ for over three hours!

14.

(ever/drive) ______________a Rolls Royce?

15.

I would like to help you but I (just/eat) ______________and I need to take a nap.

ACTIVITY 10 http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/presentperfectsimpleorcontinuous/menu.php Work on: http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/presentperfectsimpleorcontinuous/exercise1.swf http://www.e-grammar.org/present-perfect-simple-continuous/test1-exercise1/

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8TH ENGLISH ASSIGNMENT II