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K

athy urtak

Architecture . Urban Design


Kathy Kurtak

Architecture Urban Design t e w

215 205 1181 kathykurtak@gmail.com http://issuu.com/kathykurtak/docs/portfolio

education

M.S.Architecture and Urban Design from Columbia University ‘11 B. Architecture from Philadelphia University ‘06

experience

Millennium Cities Initiative at The Earth Institute Oct. ‘11-Presen Urban Design Lab at The Earth Institute May ‘11-Sept. ‘11 Matrix IMA (formerly Ian Mackinlay Architecture) Jul. ‘09-Jan. ‘10 Schrader Group Architecture, LLC. Aug. ‘05-Mar. ‘09


Architecture Professional Yorkshire Elementary School: York, Pennsylvania Bucks County Community College: Perkasie, Pennsylvania Independence Charter School: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Central York High School: York, Pennsylvania

new sustainable construction

07

new construction and renovations

13

additions and renovations

19

natatorium and classroom additions

25

provide vehicular and service access in slums

33

linking access + livelyhood improvements to gutter reconstruction

47

Upgrading Non-profit Nima-Maamobi Corridor: Accra, Ghana Generative Structure: Accra, Ghana Design GUrban raduate What can WE do?: Red Hook, New York, NY Bike the Bronx: Bronx, New York, NY

a problem solving toolkit for urban communities

59

neighbhorhood regeneration through economy and transit

65

thesis on active public space design

73

Public Space Undergraduate ReciproCITY: Thomas Paine Plaza, Philadelphia, PA


Architecture Professional

LOCATION COURSE TEAM TASK CONCEPT

Brooklyn, New York,work NY Architectural done while working at an architecture firm There are areas in every city that are left behind or sacrificed as the regional momentum of change pulls the current activity to another area. What happens to the human and spacial resources left behind? Many of the members of these neighborhoods recognize this pontential and are trying hard to improve their neighborhood, but struggle to find the tools and possible solutions that could help them. WE provides a framework to help communities redirect their needs and concerns towards goals and methods that allow them to address these issues. The WE urban design advocacy program would be work with the community to not only identify possible solutions to their concerns, but also use the WE Design Toolbox to sort out the complex details and implementation process. These interventions act as seeds for incremental change that addresses community issues without waiting for large scale development/investment changes, and allow for necessary adjustments. These seeds act as catalysts for the evolution of the neighborhood and city.


Architecture . Yorkshire Elementary

New Construction built according to LEED guidelines

LOCATION TEAM PROJECT

York, Pennsylvania project as part of Schrader Group Architecture This project began with a design charette with students, teachers, parents and community members. We broke the large school into wings that create small community groups within the larger school. The shared library, gymnasium and adjacent classrooms were considered community resources to be used after hours. This building also followed sustainable practices with priority given to daylighting and efficient heating and cooling that encorporated ground source heat pumps.

7


CHARRETTE SCK

8

Yorkshire Elementary . Architecture

Kathy Kurtak


Kathy Kurtak

Architecture . Yorkshire Elementary

9


10

Yorkshire Elementary . Architecture

Kathy Kurtak


Kathy Kurtak

Architecture . Yorkshire Elementary

11


Architecture . Bucks County Community College New Construction built according to LEED guidelines

LOCATION TEAM PROJECT

York, Pennsylvania project as part of Schrader Group Architecture This project began with a design charette with students, teachers, parents and community members. We broke the large school into wings that create small community groups within the larger school. The shared library, gymnasium and adjacent classrooms were considered community resources to be used after hours. This building also followed sustainable practices with priority given to daylighting and efficient heating and cooling that encorporated ground source heat pumps.

13


14

Bucks County Community College . Architecture

Kathy Kurtak


Kathy Kurtak

Architecture . Bucks County Community College

15


16

Bucks County Community College . Architecture

Kathy Kurtak


Kathy Kurtak

Architecture . Bucks County Community College

17


Architecture . Central York High School Natorium and Classroom Additions

LOCATION TEAM PROJECT

York, Pennsylvania project as part of Schrader Group Architecture The building wasn’t very old when the school began to outgrow it. The original design by the same firm allowed additional classrooms to be added to the end of classroom wings with minimal demolition and reconstruction. In addition, cafeteria capacity was increased and a natatorium added. The complex water systems were displayed at the entrance and existing sustainable measures were continued with additional ground source heat pumps.

19


20

Central York High School . Architecture

Kathy Kurtak


Kathy Kurtak

Architecture . Central York High School

21


22

Central York High School . Architecture

Kathy Kurtak


Kathy Kurtak

Architecture . Central York High School

23


Architecture . Independence Charter School Addition and Renovation

LOCATION TEAM PROJECT

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania project as part of Schrader Group Architecture The charter school was started by parents several years ago and had been renting a space in a Center City Philadelphia office building. The parents wanted a better environment to serve their children and engage the community. This developed into an integrated effort with the Center City Residents Association, the local state representative, the school, the contractor, and my firm to save an abandoned district school. Renovating and adding an addition to the existing historic school building was an affordable way to provide a safer, more central location for students to take advantage of the museums and organizations the city has to offer while reviving a property that was becoming a site of vandalism and vagrancy in the neighborhood. Volunteers installed a grantfunded playground and the Philadelphia Mural Arts Program worked with the students, teachers, parents, and neighbors to design and paint a mural. This project was a true collaborative effort with visible positive results.

25


26

Independence Charter School . Architecture

Kathy Kurtak


Kathy Kurtak

Architecture . Independence Charter School

27


28

Independence Charter School . Architecture

Kathy Kurtak


Kathy Kurtak

Architecture . Independence Charter School

29


Upgrading Non-profit

Slum upgrading solutions developed for a non-profit organisation


Non-Profit . Nima-Maamobi Drain Corridor

linking access + livelyhood improvements to gutter reconstruction

LOCATION ORGANISATION TEAM CONCEPT

Nima East + Maamobi East, Accra, Ghana Millennium Cities Initiative at the Earth Institute Field research with Joe Melara + Rashid Alhassan This corridor plan turned a utilitarian drainage infrastructure project into an opportunity for a new social, economic and environmental resource for the local community it ran through. Scenarios were created to offer community value at any level of investment. Each offered versatile spaces on the new drain slab and along the demolished right of way, a vibrant ‘main street’ was created.

33


5

Scenario Key1 5

LANDUSE vehicular routes pedestrian routes public space public services

1

residential mixed-use commercial existing buildings (mostly residential)

4

SERVICE FUNCTION

4

3

parking

pedestrian crossing

public toilet

blocked pedestrian crossing

public waste disposal location

pedestrian access stairs

health clinic

vehicle turnaround point

community information

tro-tro station

3

NIMA HIGHWAY

NIMA HIGHWAY

3 2 1

T TE GU

Nima-Maamobi Corridor - Site Plan of Existing Gutter

34

LANDUSE AND ACTIVITY Nima-Maamobi Drain Corridor . Slum Upgrading vehicular routes pedestrian routes

residential mixed-use

R

public seating area

1. waste skip site 2. foot bridges and gutter surface crossing 3. AMA owned land currently used for a public toilet 4. Undeveloped land potentially owned by AMA 5. Undeveloped land owned by AMA

football field

LOCATION DESCRIPTION

Nima-Maamobi Corridor LANDUSE AND ACTIVITY vehicular routes pedestrian routes public space public services

manufacturing facility

LOCATION DESCRIPTION

1. waste skip site 2. foot bridges and gutter surface crossing 3. AMA owned land currently used for a public toilet 4. Undeveloped land potentially owned by AMA 5. Undeveloped land - Site Plan owned by AMA

R T TE GU

1

children’s play 2 area 3

KANDA HIGHW AY

EN AV DI O WK KA

UE

vocational training center

E

KANDA HIGHW AY

NU VE IA OD K W KA

of Existing Gutter

residential mixed-use commercial existing buildings (mostly residential)

0

50

100

2 0 0 M e te rs

Kathy Kurtak


living space

living space

courtyard

living space

living space

courtyard

living space

ALLEY

ALLEY

Existing Corridor Cross Section - typical condition at level locations

living space

courtyard

living space

ALLEY

living space

courtyard

living space

living space

courtyard

living space

ALLEY

Existing Corridor Cross Section - typical condition at locations with an elevation change Kathy Kurtak

Slum Upgrading . Nima-Maamobi Drain Corridor

35


Scenario Key LANDUSE vehicular routes pedestrian routes public space public services

residential mixed-use commercial existing buildings (mostly residential)

SERVICE FUNCTION parking

pedestrian crossing

public toilet

blocked pedestrian crossing

public waste disposal location

pedestrian access stairs

health clinic

vehicle turnaround point

community information

tro-tro station

4

4

NIMA HIGHWAY

3 1

NIMA HIGHWAY

2

KANDA HIGHW AY

N VE IA OD K W KA

UE

1

Nima-Maamobi Corridor - Site Plan of Drain and Road As

36

LANDUSE AND ACTIVITY Nima-Maamobi Drain Corridor . Slum Upgrading vehicular routes pedestrian routes

residential mixed-use

2

children’s play area 3

1. Waste skip at corridor entrance creates negative perception 2. only place where elevation level for pedestrian crossing 3. Elevation change between road and neighborhood blocks existing circulation routes 4. existing public toilet will not meet larger demand created

LOCATION DESCRIPTION 1. Waste skip at corridor entrance creates negative perception 2. only place where elevation level for pedestrian crossing 3. Elevation change between road and neighborhood blocks existing circulation routes 4. existing public toilet will not meet larger- Site demand created

manufacturing facility

LOCATION DESCRIPTION

public seating area

Nima-Maamobi Corridor LANDUSE AND ACTIVITY vehicular routes pedestrian routes public space public services(7m Originally Designed

vocational training center

E

KANDA HIGHW AY

NU VE IA D O WK KA

football field

Plan of Drain and Road As Originally Designed (7m ROW)

residential mixed-use commercial ROW)existing buildings (mostly residential)

0

50

100

2 0 0 M e te rs

Kathy Kurtak


living space

living space

exposed courtyard

ALLEY

DRAIN

drain

TRAFFIC LANE

TRAFFIC LANE

TRAFFIC LANE

TRAFFIC LANE

DRAIN

ALLEY

7m ROW

living space

courtyard

living space

7m ROW

Ministry Drain/Road Corridor Cross Section - typical condition at level locations

living space

courtyard

living space courtyard

living space

DRAIN

drain

TRAFFIC LANE

TRAFFIC LANE

TRAFFIC LANE

DRAIN

TRAFFIC LANE

7m ROW

living space

living space ALLEY

ALLEY

exposed courtyard

7m ROW

Ministry Drain/Road Corridor Cross Section - typical condition at locations with an elevation change Kathy Kurtak

Slum Upgrading . Nima-Maamobi Drain Corridor

37


Scenario Key LANDUSE vehicular routes pedestrian routes public space public services

residential mixed-use commercial existing buildings (mostly residential)

SERVICE FUNCTION

1

public toilet

blocked pedestrian crossing

public waste disposal location

pedestrian access stairs

health clinic

vehicle turnaround point

community information

tro-tro station

2

vocational training center children’s play area

KANDA HIGHW AY

EN AV DI O WK KA

UE

NIMA HIGHWAY

2

E

pedestrian crossing

KANDA HIGHW AY

NU VE IA D O WK KA

1

parking

public seating area

NIMA HIGHWAY

LOCATION DESCRIPTION

football field

1. stairs needed to connect the existing neighborhood to the new roadway 2. parking created in all reclaimed space available after construction

LOCATION DESCRIPTION 1. stairs needed to connect the existing neighborhood to the new roadway 2. parking created in all reclaimed space available - Site Plan after construction

Nima-Maamobi Corridor

Nima-Maamobi Corridor - Site Plan of Minimal Development

38

LANDUSE AND ACTIVITY Nima-Maamobi Drain Corridor . Slum Upgrading vehicular routes pedestrian routes

manufacturing facility

residential mixed-use

LANDUSE AND ACTIVITY vehicular routes pedestrian routes public space public services Scenario (10m ROW)

of Minimal Development Scenario (10m ROW)

residential mixed-use commercial existing buildings (mostly residential)

0

50

100

2 0 0 M e te rs

Kathy Kurtak


WEEKEND

WEEKDAY living space

living space

re-enclosed courtyard

ALLEY

COMMERICAL ‘PORCH’

SIDEWALK

DRAIN

TRAFFIC LANE

drain

TRAFFIC LANE

‘S’ ZONE

‘S’ ZONE

TRAFFIC LANE

TRAFFIC LANE

DRAIN

SIDEWALK

COMMERICAL ‘PORCH’

ALLEY

10m ROW

living space

courtyard

living space

10m ROW

Minimal Development Cross Section - typical condition at level locations

WEEKEND

living space

re-enclosed courtyard

WEEKDAY courtyard

living space

ALLEY

COMMERICAL ‘PORCH’

SIDEWALK

STAIRS

DRAIN

TRAFFIC LANE

drain

TRAFFIC LANE

‘S’ ZONE

10m ROW

‘S’ ZONE

TRAFFIC LANE

DRAIN

TRAFFIC LANE

STAIRS

SIDEWALK

COMMERICAL ‘PORCH’

ALLEY

living space

10m ROW

Minimal Development Scenario Cross Section - typical condition at locations with an elevation change Kathy Kurtak

Slum Upgrading . Nima-Maamobi Drain Corridor

39


Scenario Key LANDUSE vehicular routes pedestrian routes public space public services

residential mixed-use commercial existing buildings (mostly residential)

SERVICE FUNCTION parking

pedestrian crossing

public toilet

blocked pedestrian crossing

public waste disposal location

pedestrian access stairs

health clinic

vehicle turnaround point

community information

tro-tro station

vocational training center

manufacturing facility

children’s play area public seating area football field

40

Nima-Maamobi Drain Corridor . Slum Upgrading

Kathy Kurtak


WEEKEND

living space future addition

future addition living space

WEEKDAY living space

living space

shop

courtyard

shop

ALLEY

SIDEWALK

DRAIN

drain

PARKING

TRAFFIC LANE

TRAFFIC LANE

‘S’ ZONE

‘S’ ZONE

TRAFFIC LANE

TRAFFIC LANE

DRAIN

PARKING

SIDEWALK

FLEX ZONE

ALLEY

15m ROW

living space

15m ROW

Incremental Scenario Cross Section - typical condition at level locations WEEKEND

future addition future construction

living space

shop

WEEKDAY courtyard

living space

DRAIN

SIDEWALK

PARKING

TRAFFIC LANE

TRAFFIC LANE

drain

STAIRS

‘S’ ZONE

‘S’ ZONE

STAIRS

TRAFFIC LANE

TRAFFIC LANE

PARKING

DRAIN

SIDEWALK

FLEX ZONE

ALLEY

15m ROW

shop

15m ROW

Incremental Scenario Corridor Cross Section - typical condition at locations with an elevation change Kathy Kurtak

Slum Upgrading . Nima-Maamobi Drain Corridor

41


Scenario Key LANDUSE vehicular routes pedestrian routes public space public services

residential mixed-use commercial existing buildings (mostly residential)

SERVICE FUNCTION parking

pedestrian crossing

public toilet

blocked pedestrian crossing

public waste disposal location

pedestrian access stairs

health clinic

vehicle turnaround point

community information

tro-tro station

vocational training center

manufacturing facility

children’s play area public seating area football field

42

Nima-Maamobi Drain Corridor . Slum Upgrading

Kathy Kurtak


WEEKEND

rooftop terrace

living space

living space

living space

living space

rooftop terrace

living space

rooftop terrace

courtyard

office

WEEKDAY

living space

living space

shop

shop

ALLEY FLEX ZONE

ARCADE

SIDEWALK

drain

DRAIN

PARKING

TRAFFIC LANE

TRAFFIC LANE

‘S’ ZONE

‘S’ ZONE

TRAFFIC LANE

TRAFFIC LANE

PARKING

DRAIN

SIDEWALK

ARCADE

FLEX ZONE

ALLEY

20m ROW

20m ROW

Full Development Scenario Cross Section - typical condition at level locations

WEEKEND living space

rooftop terrace

living space

rooftop terrace

living space

living space

living space

shop

living space

shop

living space

shop

living space

courtyard

WEEKDAY shop

STAIRS

ARCADE

DRAIN

SIDEWALK

PARKING

TRAFFIC LANE

drain

TRAFFIC LANE

drain

‘S’ ZONE

‘S’ ZONE

TRAFFIC LANE

20m ROW

TRAFFIC LANE

PARKING

DRAIN

SIDEWALK

ARCADE

STAIRS

FLEX ZONE

ALLEY

living space

20m ROW

Full Development Scenario Cross Section - typical condition at locations with an elevation change Kathy Kurtak

Slum Upgrading . Nima-Maamobi Drain Corridor

43


Visualisation of Full Development Scenario

Entry from Nima Highway

44

Nima-Maamobi Drain Corridor . Slum Upgrading

Shopping and roadway condition

Entry from Kanda Highway Kathy Kurtak


Weekend event use of drain surface

Weekday recreational use of drain surface

Public space with combined community services

Weekday commercial kiosk acitivity on drain surface

Kathy Kurtak

Slum Upgrading . Nima-Maamobi Drain Corridor

45


*rendering by teammate


Slum Upgrading . Generative Structure

creating access for immediate needs and future growth

LOCATION ORGANISATION/COURSE TEAM CONCEPT

Nima, Accra, Ghana Urban Design Studio as part of the efforts of the Millennium Cities Initiative at the Earth Institute Tarana Hafiz, Mansi Sahu, Yezhou Yi Nima is a neighbhorhood of Accra, Ghana where lack of planning and overcrowding has led to a dense residential fabric with no roads or service infrastructure. The goal of this project is to provide access into the dense fabric with minimal disruption and maximum benefit. This project will reinforce the strength of the local community by developing evenly spaced service nodes near local institutions (mosques and schools). In the first phase, service nodes would be constructed along with entry roads to provide emergency services, water delivery and waste removal. In phase two, the nodes would be connected by an internal road; creating a circulation loop that provides access throughout the neighborhood without creating a short cut between the highways that run on either side of Nima. This loop would be connected to a pedestrian network that allows for small emergency and service vehicles. Those routes would eventually be laid with a condiminial water and sewage system. Long term the circulation network would allow for increased vertical density and commercial growth without compromising community strength.

47


STRATEGY TOWARDS INCREMENTAL ACCESS

STRATEGY TOWARDS INCREMENTAL ACCESS INPUT Existing Disconnect in System Flow from City

INPUT

Existing Disconnect in System Flow from City

OUTPUT OUTPUT

Resource Flows

ROAD

Resource Flows

Proposed Connection ROAD through Community Nodes Proposed Connection through Community Nodes

RECONNECTING THE CURRENT SYSTEM RECONNECTING THE CURRENT SYSTEM

BASIC NEEDS BASIC NEEDS

GOODS & SERVICES GOODS & SERVICES

ALLEY

ADEQUATE LIVING ADEQUATE LIVING

COMMUNITY INTERACTION COMMUNITY INTERACTION

PHYSICAL CONNECTION PHYSICAL CONNECTION

Create the framework needed to improve the DESIRED COMPONENTS OF NEIGHBORHOOD context such that future growth of Nima is Create the framework needed to improve the and commercial generative, promoting communal DESIRED COMPONENTS OF NEIGHBORHOOD context such vitality that future of Nima is consideration to the thatgrowth may amplify with generative, promoting communal and commercial ALLEY rise in population vitality that may amplify with consideration to the HOUSING rise in population

COMMERCIAL ENCROACHMENTS KANDA ESTATES

HOUSING

COMMERCIAL ENCROACHMENTS

KANDA ESTATES

48

Generative Structure . Slum Upgrading

Kathy Kurtak


NICHE MANUFACTURING ALONG KANDA

EXIST. NIMA MARKET

GUTTER PROPOSAL

2/3 POINTS OF SIMULTANEOUS INTERVENTIONS

A

3 DECENTRALIZED SYSTEM

Commercial Corridor extension from Nima Market to Kanda Development

B

EXIST. RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS

Expansion of a Niche-Manufacturing/ Commercial front along Kanda Highway

C

Connect neighborhoods by turning ‘Gutter’ into a shared public space and pathway

ACCESS AS A MAJOR CONCERN IN NIMA

COMMUNITY ACTIVISM

2 CENTRALIZED SYSTEM A

Anchoring around nodal

B

Tapping into the strength of Nima’s youth group activities as well as the Red Cross Mother’s Club that acts as a vital partnership & resource

C

Road Access is a major concern of the residents in Nima, particularly in their optimism for change

B

There is no formal structure for sanitation collection which leads to unkempt pollution

C

The dense fabric along with increasing encroachments make it

of incremental growth through constructing primary and emergency access HIG

N

HW AY

1 DEVELOPING ON THE EXISTING GRID

NIM

AH

IG

HW AY

A

0 EXISTING FARBIC Kathy Kurtak

Lacking access to clean water and public restrooms is a tremendous burden for the inhabitants of Nima due to the lack of city provisions and the unequal distribution of their location

Nima residents

vehicles to pass, often resulting in patients being carried out by young men from the community

Slum Upgrading . Generative Structure

49


CATALYTIC EFFECT CATALYTIC EFFECT

MENTSINCREMENTS OF ACCESS OF ACCESS 1

CENTRALIZED ACCESS 1 CENTRALIZED AT NODE ACCESS AT NODE roads_build roads into public roads_build spacesroads into public spaces connected to institutional connected nodes to institutional nodes services_provide basic public services_provide services basic public services in the public space that serves in the public the space that serves the surrounding compoundssurrounding compounds housing_relocate compounds housing_relocate removed compounds removed for public space to gutterforright public of way space to gutter right of way

institution

institution

public space

public space

renovated residential

renovated residential

commercial

commercial

small scale production

small scale production

DECENTRALIZED ACCESS 2 DECENTRALIZED2ACCESS roads_build roads that connect roads_build the roads that connect the nodes to create internal nodes access to create internal access services_the new roads allow services_the for new roads allow for household services via vehicular household services via vehicular delivery and removal of water delivery and and removal of water and waste waste housing_relocate areas of housing_relocate compounds areas of compounds additions

additions

3 COMPLETE ACCESS 3 COMPLETE ACCESS roads_build pedestrian scale roads_build access pedestrian scale access routes that provide evenroutes accessthat provide even access services_these routes can services_these be used for routes can be used for specialized service bicylces specialized and service bicylces and condiminial infrastructure condiminial infrastructure housing_new construction housing_new will be builtconstruction will be built according to adjusted lotaccording lines thatto adjusted lot lines that eliminate redundant alleys eliminate and create redundant alleys and create wider access on pedestrian wider routes access on pedestrian routes

50

Generative Structure . Slum Upgrading

Kathy Kurtak


existing access

existing built fabric

11

access fabric

1

PROVIDE BASIC PUBLIC SERVICES

11 11 11

addressing the dire needs of the community immediately builds trust

15 .

km

land use change

11 38

access

fabric

2

PROVIDE ACCESS ROADS no households would be displaced in the creation of the road loop

46

1 2 11 11 11 .

15 .

km

land use change

11 38

access

3

FACILITATE ECONOMIC GROWTH full circulation and service access remove barriers to growth

33

Kathy Kurtak

2 46

1 2 11 11 11 .

15 .

km

11 38

2 45

new commercial

fabric land use change

45

Slum Upgrading . Generative Structure

51


OUTPUT

INPUT

OUTPUT

INPUT

water water tank shared tank_

toilet water public pit latrine water tank shared facility_ shared tank_

solid waste toilet central collection pit latrine 3public type separation shared facility_

CATALYTIC EFFECT institution

public space

water tank

water tank

solid-waste

sludge removal

sludge removal blackwater removable

sanitation services

solid-waste

NODE

1

drinking water

drinking water

blackwater removable

graywater drainage

output to main drain

output to main drain

wudu pond

INPUT

commerce front

solid waste toilet household private pit pickup latrine trash individual construction

toilet water private pit latrine centralindividual pipe laid independent construction connection

CATALYTIC EFFECT

water collection flushing

sanitation services

blackwater

drinking water

output to main drain

output for waste-treatment

graywater drainage

output to main drain

graywater drainage water collection storage

output for waste-treatment

water collection storage

commercial

blackwater

2 drinking water

PRIMARY ROAD vehicular service routes along vehicular loop bring serves to households

INPUT water central pipe laid independent connection

2

INPUT

toilet water central pipe laid compound independent connection connection

solid waste toilet household pickup compound sorting_ compound connection

renovated residential

solid waste household trash pickup

CATALYTIC EFFECT sanitation services renovated residential

commercial

solid waste household pickup compound sorting_

CATALYTIC EFFECT sanitation services renovated residential

workshop commercial

drinking water

output to main drain

Generative Structure . Slum Upgrading

sanitation services

PRIMARY ROAD

sanitation services

52

public space

vehicular service routes along vehicular loop bring serves to households

CATALYTIC EFFECT

workshop

institution

NODE

renovated residential

commerce front

CATALYTIC EFFECT

municipal service vehicles serve central locations that are accessed by nearby households

INPUT

water central pipe laid independent connection

water collection flushing

1

municipal service graywater vehicles drainage serve central locations that are wudu pond accessed by nearby households

solid waste central collection 3 type separation

3 blackwater drinking removable water ‘gulper’ pump

outputrequired to for sludge main drain removal

blackwater water collection storage removable ‘gulper’ pump required for sludge removal

PEDESTRIAN bicycle service routes and condiminial infrastructure serve water collection storage individual compounds

3

PEDESTRIAN bicycle service routes and condiminial infrastructure serve individual compounds

small scale production

commercial small scale production

Kathy Kurtak


HOUSING MORPHOLOGY The existing fabric needs to modify itself to make space for new roads and infrastructure. expansion and collaborations of multiple compound houses for sharing resources and to create internal pedestrian routes.

PHASE 3 second storey infrastructural cavi

PEDESTRIAN

internal circu -balconies -staircases

PHASE 1

5

PRIMARY ROAD

increasing family housing unit

unit for reparcelization

external circulation

1

2

accessible roof

building unit along planned primary roads

relocating onto left over part of building unit

infrastructural cavity

single rooms

6

7

increasing single housing unit

programming of housing unit

PHASE 2 new constructed volume new circulation

production

future growth frame structure

Widden space for common ground Eliminated Alley

residential

commercial

PRIMARY ROAD

3

Kathy Kurtak

4

Slum Upgrading . Generative Structure

53


*renderings by teammate

54

Generative Structure . Slum Upgrading

Kathy Kurtak


REDESIGNING THE GUTTER : either end of Nima down south towards the Korle Lagoon and the case of the stream up north past Kanda Highway. The pollution has allowed for the gutter to be a breeding ground for mosquitoes causing serious health issues such as malaria. According to Jessica Barry from Red Cross, “the cascades of waste material has found a permanent home on the banks of the mile-long canal.” Nevertheless, the precarious nature of the designated ‘gutter’ has tremendous potential to be restored to a natural circumstance. This calls into question the Korle Lagoon

Maamobi and Accra Newtown. Remediating the stream from its sources of the ‘gutter’ will start to tackle the overall health of waterways in Accra, long-term.

A

existing gutter condition

A

A

ideal strategy for sustainable improvement

designing the right of way for pedestrian and public usage

increased community developm

waterway remediation

‘gutter’ designated to polluted by refuse/ ero health risks

treated grey water drainage to ‘green fields’

pedestrian path pedestrian terraces setback buffer zone/ small-scale manufacture

setback buffer zone

COMMERCIAL GROWTH : Konda as the major highway in the area provides Nima with growing potentials in commercial sector along it. Our strategy focuses on: (1) promoting the existing small business and niche manufacturing by creating direct linkage between the highway and commercial space; (2) vertical growth.

2

development of existing structures to increase commerce

expanding internally into Nima

3

creating a connection between Nima’s manufacturing and commercial areas with Accra

Ko nd aH

Kathy Kurtak

nd a Ko

ig hw ay

H ig

hw ay

1

i da H Kon

ay ghw

Slum Upgrading . Generative Structure

55


Design GUrban raduate

LOCATION COURSE TEAM TASK CONCEPT

Brooklyn, design New York, work NY Urban done as part of graduate studies There are areas in every city that are left behind or sacrificed as the regional momentum of change pulls the current activity to another area. What happens to the human and spacial resources left behind? Many of the members of these neighborhoods recognize this pontential and are trying hard to improve their neighborhood, but struggle to find the tools and possible solutions that could help them. WE provides a framework to help communities redirect their needs and concerns towards goals and methods that allow them to address these issues. The WE urban design advocacy program would be work with the community to not only identify possible solutions to their concerns, but also use the WE Design Toolbox to sort out the complex details and implementation process. These interventions act as seeds for incremental change that addresses community issues without waiting for large scale development/investment changes, and allow for necessary adjustments. These seeds act as catalysts for the evolution of the neighborhood and city.


*rendering by teammate


Urban Design . What can WE do?

a process to help communities redirect under-utilized resources

LOCATION COURSE TEAM CONCEPT

Red Hook, Brooklyn Graduate Urban Design Regional Studio Lay Bee Yap, Juan Correa, Mansi Sahu There are areas in every city that are left behind or sacrificed as the regional momentum of change pulls the current activity to another area. What happens to the human and spacial resources left behind? Many of the members of these neighborhoods recognize this pontential and are trying hard to improve their neighborhood, but struggle to find the tools and possible solutions that could help them. WE provides a framework to help communities redirect their needs and concerns towards goals and methods that allow them to address these issues. The WE urban design advocacy program would be work with the community to not only identify possible solutions to their concerns, but also use the WE Design Toolbox to sort out the complex details and implementation process. These interventions act as seeds for incremental change that addresses community issues without waiting for large scale development/investment changes, and allow for necessary adjustments. These seeds act as catalysts for the evolution of the neighborhood and city.

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7. Admit mistakes and Try again organised group

urban design avocates

? ?

us

? 1. Form a team

Tool box

WE

Premise

?

2. Know the problem

!!

3. Set a goal

Notion of adaptability

individuals

Program Public Awareness 4. Choose the right tools

Policies Partners 5. Brainstorm solutions

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What can WE do? . Urban Design

6. Implement the chosen solutions

Kathy Kurtak


Kathy Kurtak

Urban Design . What can WE do?

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What can WE do? . Urban Design

Kathy Kurtak


Kathy Kurtak

Urban Design . What can WE do?

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*rendering by teammate


Urban Design . Bike the Bronx

a holistic neighborhood bike system

LOCATION COURSE TEAM CONCEPT

Bronx, New York, NY Graduate Urban Design City Studio Sangeeta Ramakrishnan, Jun Do, Jihye Lee Bike the Bronx creates a complete bike path network based on destination points rather than ease of path installation. Since that often places bike paths in higher traffic areas, protective modules would be installed. These would be linked to a bike share network that allows poor residents to access alternative transportation without the initial cost. Bikes as transport would be emphasized through a bike bus program that guides students from home to school along the bike routes. The modules and bicycles would be constructed in the area by the skilled technicians that already work in the areas auto repair industry. Major highways and railroad lines cut through the East Tremont Ave. neighborhood and separate residents from services and recreation areas along the river. The manufacturing that once thrived along the river and railroad have faded. The auto repair industry that now thrives on the highway traffic has limited benefit to the residents. These residents are suffering from high obesity and asthma rates, as well has low income and high unemployment rates. Bike the Bronx fills the need for both jobs and neighborhood scale transit connectivity.

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current city bike share phasing proposal

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Bike the Bronx . Urban Design

Kathy Kurtak


production center for city bike share program

Kathy Kurtak

Urban Design . Bike the Bronx

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*rendering by teammate

Bike Lane Panels

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Bike the Bronx . Urban Design

Bike Manufacturing Network

Kathy Kurtak


Bike Share Route Network

manufactur ing

Bike routes linked with transit stations and greenways

Kathy Kurtak

Bi kePaths

Bi keShar e

Bike share starts at schools to promote healthy habits

*renderings by teammate

Urban Design . Bike the Bronx

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Public Space Undergraduate

LOCATION COURSE TEAM TASK CONCEPT

Brooklyn, New York,work NY Architectural done as part of undergraduate studies There are areas in every city that are left behind or sacrificed as the regional momentum of change pulls the current activity to another area. What happens to the human and spacial resources left behind? Many of the members of these neighborhoods recognize this pontential and are trying hard to improve their neighborhood, but struggle to find the tools and possible solutions that could help them. WE provides a framework to help communities redirect their needs and concerns towards goals and methods that allow them to address these issues. The WE urban design advocacy program would be work with the community to not only identify possible solutions to their concerns, but also use the WE Design Toolbox to sort out the complex details and implementation process. These interventions act as seeds for incremental change that addresses community issues without waiting for large scale development/investment changes, and allow for necessary adjustments. These seeds act as catalysts for the evolution of the neighborhood and city.


Public Space . ReciproCity

Intimacy in Public Spaces

LOCATION COURSE CONCEPT

Thomas Paine Plaza, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Undergraduate Thesis Project Once an important part of our cultural development, American public spaces have been oversimplified into “decorated voids” within the city. There is a presumption that the desire for open space within the dense city is so strong that any open space will be populated by the people. It is this denial of the intricacies that make a well used public place that has left American cities with undervalued and underused public spaces. The built environment affects how we move through our day and respond to situations. The present scale and organization of American cities does not respond to the way the individual lives life. The relationship between the individual and the built environment is a reciprocal one that should provide a framework for the individual to gain their own understanding of their place in that space.Void of definitive program public spaces rely on the positive experiences evoked in the user, through their interaction with the space, to insure continued use and success. It is import that the individual develops a sense of belonging in that place so they can really use it comfortably. To reengage the people public spaces must connect on several levels. There is a practical level of how such spaces really fi t into people’s lives, but even more so, the way in which spaces are perceived by both the mind and senses.

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Permanent, Locking Food Kiosks

Existing Thomas Paine Plaza

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ReciproCITY . Public Space

Permanent, Locking Market Stalls

Thomas Paine Plaza Redesign Kathy Kurtak


Kathy Kurtak

Public Space . ReciproCITY

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1. CONTEXT

2. BOUNDARY

The space should be linked to its surroundings and be visible from the surrounding streets.

There must be a sense of boundary that places them within a definable space.

3. THRESHOLD

4. HUMAN SCALE

The threshold is the point where the pedestrian perceives the space’s intent and relation to himself.

The elements should bring the scale of large cities into a more intimate relation with the individual.

5. CIRCULATION (PATH)

6. SPACE IN SPACE

The place should link to the existing ciruclation paths directly for ease of access.

Large open spaces tend to be intimidating and provide little interest since there is a lack of variety.

ReciproCITY . Public Space

Kathy Kurtak


7. FOCAL POINT

8. SENSE OF ENCLOSURE

Landmarks are crucial to the way people orient with the city and how they associate with the place.

Provide a feeling of spearation and security in the plaza from traffic and activity on the street.

9. NATURE/SENSE

10. COMPLEXITY

The natural elements animate the space in a way that no manmade addition could.

Create layers of detail that hold the viewers interest and allow them to draw out different elements.

DESIGN PRINCIPLES

Kathy Kurtak

There is also a total disconnect created by the overly theoretical treatment of architecture as an exercise of artistic creation separate from the daily life experiences of people.25 Theorists discuss architecture for its own sake with conversations about the way materials and structure are exposed, or the perfect proportions. Design professionals tend to a practical approach where they fi ll an empty space with trees and chairs or benches and consider designing a public plaza to meet the zoning requirements and get floor space incentives.26 An understanding of both is necessary to truly serve the needs of the user. Plazas are one of the only places in a city that are truly public since they do not have a separate program that requires a real agenda to encourage participation. Therefore it is purely the way in which the place is designed that engages people with their surrounding environment and the other people around them.A good public space is more than a void within the grid (as it is often treated in this country). It must be part of constant interaction of the community. To do this it must engage the participants and encourage interaction between them. There are crucial physical elements of space and form that must be addressed in order to create such an experience in a public space. Through analysis of public spaces, urban planning guidelines, and behavioral science studies within the framework of phenomenology specifi c design principles for public spaces were developed that factor into the creation of reciprocity and intimacy. Public Space . ReciproCITY

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portfolio