Digital Design - Module 01 Semester 1, 2018 Chen Qiqi
(900387) Michael Mack, Studio 4
Reading: Zeara Polo, A. 2010. Between Ideas and Matters.
According to Zeara-Polo, the diagram does not play a representational role in the design process but provides an organisational and can have a performative quality depending on how it is deployed. Explain how Diagram is different from Signs and Symbols? (100 words Maximum)
Signs and symbols express the qualities, properties and funstions of the dynamic object itself through representation, but they are not revelant to the performance. However, as opposed to signs and symbols, diagram is “a tool that describes relationships and prescribes performance in space”. “A diagram is usually specific to a space...it always has a spatial correlation”.
Image 2: Plan View of Rhino Model
Image 3: South Elevation of Rhino Model
Image1: Iwan Baan, Serpentine Summer House 2016 designed by Barkow Leibinger, 2016, Serpentine Galleries, http://www.serpentinegalleries.org/exhibitionsevents/serpentine-pavilion-and-summer-houses-2016 . Image 3: East Elevation of Rhino Model First of all, I brought the plan of the Summer House into Rhino as the reference lines. The Summer House can be divided into 4 main structures: seats, walls, the first layer of roof and the second layer of roof. I traced the lines of these structures respectively in the top view in Rhino. Then I used “offset”, “planarsrf’, “extrude”, “Loft” these commands to build the structure using the elevations of the Summer House as reference.
Reading: Hertzberger H. 2005. The in-between and The Habitable Space Between Things, from Lessons for Students in Architecture. Herzberger discusses how design should not be extreme in its functionality. Use your precedent study to explain how the pavilion allows for an appropriation of use. (100 words Maximum)
In the Serpentine Summer House 2016, 3 Walls created 3 private zones with seats. The walls are one threshold of the pavilion and the seats inside give a sign for people to sit and gather there. The roof of the pavilion covers the â€˜private zonesâ€™, providing shades for the seats. On the other hand, among the back of the walls, there is a small empty space that people can walk in. This empty space is also shaded by the roof. But there is no seats. So within this area, visitors are given the chance to make use of the space. They can stand and lean against the walls, or sit on the floor etc.
Isometric View of the Serpentine Summer House 2016 This is a southwest isometric view of the Serpentine Summer House 2016. This view was chosen because all the main structures of this pavilion can be seen from this perspective. The Summer House has 4 main structures: seats, walls and two layers of roof. These 4 structures were modeled respectively in the modeling process. The roof plays a crucial role in the concept and the design of this pavilion, thus it was modeled and colored in details. one side of the the top layer of the roof was colored with light grey while one side of the other layer of the roof was colored with darker grey. This helps to distingulish the two layers of roof and emphasizes the shapes and three dimensionality of the roof. The main concept of the Summer House is to let people walk around the pavilion to see different views. So, The design of Summer House does not allow visitors to walk through the pavilion. Additionally, visitors cannot see the whole appearance of the Summer House from one perspective. People are encouraged to walk around the pavilion. Therefore, the overall circulation of the Summer House is a circule. On the other hand, there are two levels of threshold in the Summer House. The first threshold is the roof. It is the boundary between the outside open space and the pavilion itself. This area is a semi-open area with people standing there as well as walking aorund. The second level of threshold is the wall. In the Summer House, there are 3 walls forming 3 enclosed areas with seats inside. These walls are the boundary between the semi-open space under the roof and the private zones with the walls. Seats are provided so in this area there are less movements.
Week Two Diagrams
Due to the concept and the design of the Summer House, visitors are encouraged to walk around the pavilion. Thus, the overall circulation is a circle. More people would walk outside the Summer House in order to observe the structure of the pavilion. The intensity of circulation becomes lower gradually when it goes into the pavilion. People tend flow outside the private zone created by the walls.
There are two levels of threshold in the Summer House. The first threshold is the roof. It is the boundary between the outside open space and the pavilion itself. This area is a semi-open area with people standing there as well as walking aorund. The second level of threshold is the wall. In the Summer House, there are 3 walls forming 3 enclosed areas with seats inside. These walls are the boundary between the semi-open space under the roof and the private zones with the walls. Seats are provided so in this area there are less movement.
The Use of Plan and Elevations of the Pavilion
I brought the plan, and 4 elevations of Summer House into Rhino as reference for my modeling process.
I divided the Summer House into 4 parts to model. Different structures were put into different layers, so that I can easily control them.
Modeling the Curving Roof The top layer of the roof was a difficult part in modeling. The roof is curving and the curving part has an angle. After tracing the line in plan view, I used “points on” command. Then I adjusted the heights of the points one by one using the elevation image as reference. I used “Sweep2” and “loft” command to build the surface.
Modeling the Roof Besides the roof I mentioned above, this roof is another difficulty in the modeling process. the beginning and the end of the roof is going down, so I used “points on” and adjusted the heights and the location of the points. But this roof is straight, so after I finished adjusting the points, I can directly use “extrude” command to build the surface.
Make2D After I decided the ideas of the diagrams, I use “Make2D” command and transfered them to illustrator.
Brainstorm and the Draft of Diagrams
Coloring in Illustrator
I printed out the exploded version of the Summer House and drafted the circulation and threshold diagram.
I used illustrator to adjust the lineweight of my “Make2D” drawings and used “live paint” to color the drawings.