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B I O G R A P H I E S


Guatemalan Authors Augusto monterroso: Augusto Monterroso was born on December 21, 1921 in Tegucigalpa, capital of Honduras, one son of Guatemalan Vicente Monterroso and Honduran Amelia Bonilla. He spent his childhood in Guatemala, a country which considered key in training: The medium and the time I trained, the Guatemala of the last thirty and early forties, the dictator Jorge Ubico and his fourteen years of despotism not shown, and the Second World War, certainly contributed to currently think as I and respond to the present moment in the way it hago. At the outbreak in 1944 riots against the dictator Ubico, Monterroso played an active role, which led him to prison upon taking office, General Federico Ponce Valdes, but in September managed to escape from prison and sought asylum in the embassy of Mexico. After the October Revolution in Guatemala, led by Jacobo Arbenz, Monterroso was appointed to a position in the consulate of Guatemala in Mexico, where he remained until 1953. After the fall of Arbenz was exiled to Chile, where he worked as secretary of Pablo Neruda, to return to Mexico in 1956, a country where he would set definitely. Narrator and essayist, began publishing his writings from 1959, the year he published the first edition of the Complete Works (and other stories), set of incisive stories where becoming apparent fundamental features of his narrative: A concise prose, short, deceptively simple yet full of cultured references and a masterful use of parody, caricature, and black humor. Achievements: The writings of Augustus came to the remotest corners of the world like Japan, where several of his works became television series, referring to cartoons, comics and series like Single Piece (One Piece), which was composed by director sleeves EiichirĹ? Oda. Tito, as they called their relatives, the great writer of short stories and fables brief, died of heart failure on February 7, 2003. He was married to the writer of Lebanese origin Barbara Jacobs.


JosĂŠ Milla: Guatemala City, August 4, 1822 - ditto, September 30, 1882 was a nineteenth-century Guatemalan writer, considered one of the founders of the novel in the literature of his native country, in particular, he excelled in the historical narrative. He began law studies at the University of San Carlos Borromeo, but failed to complete them. He held several positions in the Conservative government of Rafael Carrera, including secretary of the Brotherhood of Charity General Hospital Guatemala, officer of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and deputy secretary general. He was also a prominent journalist, working in media such as The Gazette and The Week. When the Conservative government fell in 1871, traveled in Europe and the United States. By then wrote A trip to another world through other parties, in which it appears one of his most famous characters, John Chapin, representing the average Guatemalan.

In the newspaper the week, where he was director, published his pictures of manners, like his novels The daughter of Governor (1866), The Nazarene (1867), The Visitor (1867) and The book without a name. He is also author of the legend in verse Don Bonifacio (1862) and a History of Central America (1879). Achievements: He was a partner of the Royal Spanish Academy, Guatemala delegated Americanists Congress Brussels honorary member of the International Literary Society of Paris, member of the Academy of Arts of Santiago de Chile; assistant Economic Society of the future of Guatemala, the Ateneo de Leon.

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_Milla_y_Vidaurrehttp://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/August o_Monterroso http://joseb1989.wordpress. com/2008/01/24/jose-milla-yvidaurre-biografia/


Inventors Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743, at Shadwell in Albemarle County, Virginia. A member of the Continental Congress, he was the author of the Declaration of Independence at the age of 33. Jurist, diplomat, writer, inventor, philosopher, architect, gardener, negotiator of the Louisiana Purchase, Thomas Jefferson requested that only three of his many accomplishments be noted on his tomb at Monticello:   

Author of the Declaration of American Independence Author of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom And Father of the University of Virginia

resident Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), one of Virginia's largest planters, considered agriculture to be "a science of the very first order," and he studied it with great zeal and commitment. Jefferson introduced numerous plants to the United States, and he frequently exchanged farming advice and seeds with likeminded correspondents. Of particular interest to the innovative Jefferson was farm machinery, especially the development of a plow which would delve deeper than the two to three inches achieved by a standard wooden plow. Jefferson needed a plow and method of cultivation that would help prevent the soil erosion that plagued Virginia's Piedmont farms. To this end, he and his son-in-law, Thomas Mann Randolph (17681828), who managed much of Jefferson's land, worked together to develop iron and mould board plows, like the one shown here, that were specifically designed for hillside plowing, in that they turned the furrow to the downhill side. As the calculations on the sketch show, Jefferson's plows were often based on mathematical formulas, which helped facilitate their duplication and improvement.


Steve Jobs Steve Jobs is the co-founder of Apple Computers, the makers of well-designed, wellcoordinated, and good-looking personal home computers. Steve Jobs teamed together with Steve Wozniak to invent one of the first ready-made personal home computer. Steve Jobs was born on February 24 1955, in Los Altos California. During his high school years, Jobs worked summers at Hewlitt-Packard, it was there that he first met his future business partner Steve Wozniak. He studied as an undergraduate: physics, literature, and poetry, at Reed College, Oregon, an interesting combination of subjects. Steve Jobs formally only attended only one semester at Reed College, however, he remained at Reed crashing on friend's sofas and auditing courses including a calligraphy class, which he attributes as being the reason Apple computers had such elegant typefaces. APPLE CORPORATION: The Apple Corporation was named after Steve Job's favorite fruit. The Apple logo was a representation of the fruit with a bite taken out of it. The bite represented a play on words - bite and byte. During the early 80's, Steve Jobs controlled the business side of the Apple Corporation and Steve Wozniak, the design side. However, in 1984 a power struggle with the board of directors caused Steve Jobs to leave Apple After Steve Jobs return to Apple as CEO in 1997, Apple Computers has had a renaissance in product development with the iMac, iPod, iPhone, iPad and more. Before his death, Steve Jobs was listed as the inventor and/or co-inventor on 342 United States patents, with technologies ranging from computer and portable devices, user interfaces, speakers, keyboards, power adapters, staircases, clasps, sleeves, lanyards and packages. His last patent was issued for the Mac OS X Dock user interface and was granted the day before his death


Religuos People Pope John Paul II Born Karol J贸zef Wojtyla on May 18, 1920, in Wadowice, Poland, Pope John Paul II's early life was marked by great loss. His mother died when he was 9 years old, and his older brother Edmund died when he was 12. Growing up, John Paul was athletic and enjoyed skiing and swimming. He went to Krakow's Jagiellonian University in 1938 where he showed an interest in theater and poetry. The school was closed the next year by Nazi troops during the German occupation of Poland. Wanting to become a priest, John Paul began studying at a secret seminary run by the archbishop of Krakow. After World War II ended, he finished his religious studies at a Krakow seminary and was ordained in 1946. In 1978, John Paul made history by becoming the first non-Italian pope in more than four hundred years. As the leader of the Catholic Church, he traveled the world, visiting more than 100 countries to spread his message of faith and peace. But he was close to home when he faced the greatest threat to his life. In 1981, an assassin shot John Paul twice in St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. Fortunately, he was able to recover from his injuries and later forgave his attacker. Two archievement of the pontificate of John Paul II that will endure

1. Return to the papacy the meaning of witness to the Gospel and the moral 2. A world view from the concept of freedom anchored in truth. Two quotes of the Pope John Paul II 1. So America: if you want peace, work for justice. If you want justice, defend life. If you want life, embrace the truth, the truth revealed by God 2. The worst prison is a closed heart.


Mother Teresa Teresa of Calcutta (Uskub, Ottoman Empire now Skopje, Macedonia-, August 26, 1910 - Kolkata, India, September 5, 1997), born as Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu1 (pronounced: was a nun Catholic albanés2 three naturalized Indian origin, 4 who founded the Congregation of the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta in 1950. For more than 45 years attended poor, sick, orphaned, and dying, while guiding the expansion of his congregation, at first in India and then in other countries. After his death she was beatified by Pope John Paul II, giving the title Blessed Teresa of Calcutta. Agnes descubrió su vocación desde temprana edad, y para 1928 ya había decidido que estaba destinada a la vida religiosa. Fue entonces cuando optó por cambiar su nombre a «Teresa» en referencia a la santa patrona de los misioneros, Teresa de Lisieux.6 Si bien dedicó los siguientes 20 años a enseñar en el convento irlandés de Loreto, comenzó a preocuparse por los enfermos y por los pobres de la ciudad de Calcuta. Esto la llevó a fundar una congregación con el objetivo de ayudar a los marginados de la sociedad, primordialmente enfermos, pobres y personas que no tenían hogar. In the 1970s it was known internationally and had acquired reputation of a humanitarian and advocate for the poor and helpless, in part by the documentary and book Something Beautiful for God, by Malcolm Muggeridge. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 and the highest civilian award of India, the Bharat Ratna, in 1980 for her humanitarian work. They were joined by a dozen awards first level, both nationally and internationally. Two quotes are: 1.

2.

“Life is an opportunity, benefit from it. Life is beauty, admire it. Life is a dream, realize it. Life is a challenge, meet it. Life is a duty, complete it. Life is a game, play it. Life is a promise, fulfill it. Life is sorrow, overcome it. Life is a song, sing it. Life is a struggle, accept it. Life is a tragedy, confront it. Life is an adventure, dare it. Life is luck, make it. Life is too precious, do not destroy it. Life is life, fight for it.” ― Mother Teresa “If you judge people, you have no time to love them.” ― Mother Teresa Two achievement are: 1. 1 969 - First Prize Juan XXIII of Peace (awarded by Pablo VI) 2. 1971 - Prize Kennedy


Painters Leonard Da Vinci Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1452, in the heart of the Renaissance in the heart of Europe. He was born outside Vinci, which lies high up on Mount Albano, in the valley of the Arno River, near the city of Florence. Florence was an independent republic and commercial center at the time of his birth. He was the son of Ser Pierro da Vinci, who was a legal specialist, and a peasant girl named Caterina. He was considered an “illegitimate” son because they were not married. Right away. His father married into a wealthy family and he went to live with his grandparents. Later he lived with his father’s family and they didn’t conceal his birth and welcomed his addition to the family. As a child he was very smart and was very quick at arithmetic and music. He learned the lyre and had a wonderful singing voice, and quickly went to further develop his talents with a tutor. At age 17, he went to become an apprentice of painting under the instruction of Andrea del Verrochio, in Florence, who was an artist, skilled craftsmen, goldsmith, sculptor and painter. He started to use his science to enhance his paintings. He studied and sketched rock formations, caves and fossils. He had very few close friends during his life, even though he was very kind and sympathetic. Later, during his apprenticeship, he started to find his niche at inventing machines like the helicopter, diving suit, and submarine. After he finished his education, he stayed for a short time assisting Andrea del Verrochio. From 1478 to 1482, he obtained his own studio. After that, he was offered the job of court artist for Lodvico Sforza, the Duke of Milan. He took it and lived in beautiful Milan for 17 years. There, he had a great variety of jobs including designing artillery, and planning river system diversions for the city. In Milan, he really started to dive into the field of science and learn a lot. Go to the science section to learn more! Toward the end of his life, in about 1508, King Louis XII of France asked him to accompany him to Milan, and he went willingly. There, he stayed working on anatomy and other fields until 1512, when the French lost Milan. He then had to go to Rome. There, he stayed until his life was finished. He was very good friends with Guiliano de’ Medici, brother of the duke, and he was well housed and treated very kindly. Sadly, while in the bliss of the Renaissance, his health started to fail. In March, 1516, Guiliano died, and Leonardo was left alone in the world, practically deserted. Not far thereafter, on May 2, 1519, the mind of the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci died


Frida Kahlo Artist Frida Kahlo was born on July 6, 1907, in Coyocoรกn, Mexico City, Mexico. Considered one of Mexico's greatest artists, Frida Kahlo began painting after she was severely injured in a bus accident. Kahlo later became politically active and married fellow communist artist Diego Rivera in 1929. She exhibited her paintings in Paris and Mexico before her death in 1954. she had a major exhibition at a New York City gallery, selling half of the 25 paintings shown there. Kahlo also received two commissions, including one from famed magazine editor Clare Boothe Luce, as a result of the show. Kahlo was asked to paint a portrait of Luce and Kahlo's mutual friend, actress Dorothy Hale, who had committed suicide earlier that year by jumping from a high-rise building. The painting was intended as a gift for Hale's grieving mother. Rather than a traditional portrait, however, Kahlo painted the story of Hale's tragic leap. While the work, The Suicide of Dorothy Hale (1939), has been heralded by critics, its patron was horrified at the finished painting.


Egraphy: www.wikipedia.com www.aulaasuncion.edu.gt www.buenastareas.com www.biography.com www.josemilla.com www.autoresdeguatemala.gt www.religouspeople.com

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