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Instituto Guatemalteco Americano (IGA) 23/11/2012

Katherine Christina Azurdia Mayorga

SinĂłnimos The synonymous one is a word that has a total or partially identical meaning to other one. In Castilian it is used in the texts not to repeat words, so that one enriches the speech. Not always the existence of synonymous constitutes a support to the enrichment of the language. In many occasions, preference is given one of the forms over the rest and it causes that these other forms enter disuse even, even, to be able to manage to disappear.


The linguistics is the scientific study so much of the structure of the natural languages as of the knowledge that the speakers possess of them. The word "linguist" is for the first time in the page 1 of the volume I of the work Choix des poĂŠsies des troubadours written in 1816 by Raynouard. The "linguistic" word appears for the first time in 1883. Nevertheless, it was not up to the Cours of linguistique generate him, attributed to Ferdinand de Saussure, when his civil record of birth 1 was offered to him to this science The aim of the theoretical linguistics is the construction of a general theory of the structure of the language and the cognitive system that makes them possible. The aim is so much the description of the languages in yes same as the tacit knowledge characterizes that the speakers

Habla It is called the language to the complicated system of associations between the ideas and the sounds or gestures (to include the languages of signs) that every company humanizes possesses without exception. This language, it is written or not, it has necessarily a grammatical own system. The grammar of Papuasia Nueva Guinea's language which speakers are all the illiterate ones, does not have less structure, complexity and creativity that the grammar of the Castilian or of the Englishman.

Pรกrrafo . A paragraph is a unit of speech in a written text that expresses an idea or an argument, or reproduces the words of a speaker. It is integrated by a set of prayers that have certain thematic unit or that, without having it, are enunciated together. It is a component of the text that in his external aspect initiates with a capital letter and ends in a point and new paragraph. He understands several prayers related on the same subsubject; one of them expresses the principal idea.

Sufijos It is named a suffix to a type of morpheme or affix that one adds after the lexeme, root or topic of a word. The suffixes can be derivatives or flexivos. In the majority of the languages the derivatives precede the flexivos, since the derivatives tend to be more near the root. In a language flexiva, word that there can be formed by a root more possibly a certain number of derivative, and possibly some suffixes another suffixes flexivos, though, all the languages have some invariable words formed by the only morpheme.

Familia de palabras A lexical family is the set of words that the same lexeme shares. A word, primitive call, transports with the major semantic information or of content, whereas other, formed by derivation (it is to say, adding affixes), they contribute shades of meaning. Example: lexical Family of grass (herb-, of the Latin herba).

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