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Kashmir Pen THURSDAY 17 May 2018

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Vol:03

Issue No: 20

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KASHMIR CHANGING SHADES 03

OPINION 05

BACKBURNER TO DEEP FREEZOR?

STIRRING THE COMMUNAL CAULDRON!

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HISTORY 07

KASHMIR THROUGH AGES -III

RAMADHAN : THE MONTH OF BLESSINGS


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STATE

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Sack Nirmal Singh for anti-Army reJ&K CM thanks Modi, Rajnath for marks: Jammu traders’ body to PM Modi

Ramadhan ceasefire in Kashmir

Jammu : May 16, 2018 The letter said the Chamber will always stand by the army in “any given situation and shall not tolerate such statement from anyone whosoever it may be”. Jammu’s premier trade body, the Jammu Chamber of Commerce and Industry (JCCI), has asked Prime Minister Narendra Modi to sack Assembly Speaker Nirmal Singh for saying “army was harassing people”. “Chamber feels that a person holding the second highest constitutional post in the state of J&K and speaking against the credentials of Indian army by such irresponsible utterances is not in national interest,” reads the letter signed by JCCI president Rakesh Gupta and other officer bearers. The letter said the Chamber

will always stand by the army in “any given situation and shall not tolerate such statement from anyone whosoever it may be”. It said Nirmal has “brought bad name not only to the pride of Dogras but has also to the political party he belongs to”. The Chamber requested the PM to “sack him from holding this prestigious post and also from the party”. Nirmal Singh recently accused the army of harassing people in Ban village of Nagrota area and not “letting them construct even a toilet”. His remarks came after the army asked him to stop construction of his under-construction house near an ammunition depot in the village, calling it illegal and a potential security threat.

Does the Administration have a Disaster Management Plan in case any natural calamity befalls the Chenab Valley Region ? : Mirza MIRZA JAHANZEB BEG Social activist Mirza Jahanzeb Beg has raised the concern that the Chenab Valley Region which is a mountainous area Lying on a Seismic Fault line is very prone to Natural Calamities like Floods and Earthquakes. While talking to press Mirza said, Chenab Valley Region witnesses minor Jolts of Earthquake almost every second Month. We all know the extent of Damage done by the Natural Calamities especially Earthquakes in the Past. My Question is really simple. If we are Hit by any Major Earthquake, Are we Prepared to survive the Impact? Is the Administration Prepared? Do we have a Disaster Management Plan ? Why is everyone in a Deep Slumber ? I Request the Administration and the Civil Society bodies of Chenab Valley Region to Inquire into this sensitive matter because it’s a Matter of life and death of thousands of People Irrespective of Religious or Political Beliefs. I hope the Responsible People especially Journalists, Bar Association and Civil Society bodies will take a note and Raise their voices before it’s too late. he mentioned that last time when the

region was hit by earthquakes, People didn’t even had the Required number of Tents available. He also added that due to landslides, the roads remain closed for a lengthy period of time which affects the transportation and cause hindrance to Business and has a direct impact on local life as the items of daily requirement are supplied to the region from Jammu. It also prevents the free movement of Ambulances which cause great inconvenience to Patients. The students also suffer in silence because sometimes their exam centres are in Jammu or Srinagar and they fail to reach on time which affects their career. He requested the Authorities to Remain Prepared for any untoward incident and have a pre planned strategy of disaster management so that the lives could be saved and tragedies could be prevented. He laid emphasis on the plantation of trees and proper mechanism to address the problem of deforestation which leads to landslides. He also requested that Special Training Programs should be introduced to create awareness and train people to deal with Natural Calamities and Disasters.

Srinagar : May 16 2018 Jammu and Kashmir chief minister Mehbooba Mufti on Wednesday welcomed the central government’s announcement of halting operations in the state, saying the decision will go a long way in creating a “peaceful and amicable environment for a sustained dialogue.” In a series of tweets, Mehbooba thanked Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Home Minister Rajnath Singh for the initiative. “I wholeheartedly welcome the Ramadan ceasefire & would like to thank @narendramodi ji & @rajnathsingh ji for their personal intervention. My gratitude also to the leaders & parties who participated in

the All Party Meeting & helped build consensus towards this announcement,” Mehbooba tweeted. In another tweet, she said: “The month of Ramadhan is a harbinger of peace & such a decision will go a long way in creating a peaceful & amicable environment for a sustained dialogue.” Centre has announced a conditional ceasefire in Jammu and Kashmir during the month of Ramadhan. While the forces have been asked not to launch anti-militancy operations during the holy month, they have been given the right to retaliate “if attacked or if essential to protect the lives of innocent people.”

MLAs who switch should be banned from contesting polls for 1 term: Omar Srinagar:May16,2018 Former Jammu and Kashmir chief minister Omar Abdullah today said MLAs who switch parties should be banned from contesting elections for one term in order to prevent horsetrading in the event of a hung house. He was apparently referring to the post-poll situation in Karnataka where the BJP has staked claim to form the government despite being seven short of simple majority. On the other hand, JDS leader H D Kumaraswamy also has staked claim to form the government with Congress’ support as the two parties have a combined strength of 115 MLAs. “Simply disqualifying defecting MLAs isn’t enough to stop horse trading since most of them come back with a mandate of their newly-discovered party. They should be barred from fighting elections for a period of not less than one term,” he tweeted. The National Conference leader also defended the Congress’ tactics in Karnataka, reminding the

critics about the role played by the BJP in Goa and Manipur last year. “Whether the Congress manages to form a government by supporting JD(S) or not, they shouldn’t be criticised for trying. The BJP would be doing exactly the same thing if the positions were reversed,” Abdullah said. “What about the other states where the BJP sneaked in through the back door? What’s sauce for the goose must be sauce for the gander,” he said. ( PTI )

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BACKBURNER TO DEEP FREEZOR?

tailed analysis. But, looking at this subject in the context of present US-Pakistan standoff it seems that regional approach to Afghanistan problem has also outlived its importance and apparently Kashmir is no more counted by the US as gate way to Afghanistan. Contrary to the expectations of Kash Z.G.MUHAMMAD mir, leadership in vanguard of these agitations the PPP led government in Pakistan relatively hat I am going to say is not preferred to remain detached from the develop‘God’s truth’. It is not even an ments in Jammu and Kashmir. In fact, Pakistan’s insider’s story. I am simply interest in Kashmir has been diminishing and it going to look at the emerging having undergone a paradigm shift was obvious political scenario in the state during the 2008 elections. During this election during this year not with a prevision but with that brought the PPP to power unlike in the past some hindsight. Kashmir had totally evaporated from the elec For understanding the emerging sce- tion campaign. The PPP leader Asif Ali Zardari, nario in the state, I will be approaching the immediately after being elected as President in problem from the perspective of political devel- an interview to a New Delhi television made opments in Islamabad, New Delhi and Washing- it clear that Kashmir would not be allowed to ton. The developments in Islamabad and New come in way for improving ties with New DelDelhi having a bearing on Kashmir are under- hi and it would be put on the backburner. This standable. It may be questioned how develop- overwhelmingly has been Kashmir policy of ments in Washington were going to influence GOP during past four years. Largely Kashmir is the political developments in Jammu and Kash- now absent from the narrative of political parties mir. in Pakistan including the right wing Jamat-e-Is Historically, ‘from the day Kashmir lamic that largely influence Kashmir policy in issue came to world attention in January 1948, the past. The question arises if it once again to American administration has been at the cen- creep into it during the coming elections. Pakitre as one of the players in the words of Howard stan media has was going been Projecting Imran Schaffer, in “the world’s longest-running, most Khan as next Prime Minister of the country. If intractable dispute.” The chronology of Ameri- his recent interview with Karan Thapar is an inca’s role in Kashmir from Truman’s times (1947) dicator, it seems even if his pit replace the PPP to Barrack Obama’s first term as given by Schaf- government Kashmir will continue to be on fer at end in his book, ‘The Limits of Influence: backburner. America’s Role in Kashmir sufficiently suggests The 2010 situation had set New Delhi that Washington has been throughout at the thinking. The visit of All Parties Parliamentacentre of the ‘dispute’. The dispute’ true, did resist ry delegation to Srinagar was indicative of the the diplomatic efforts of Washington but one has concern it had caused across political divide to be in agreement with the US political com- in the country. This visit of high profile Indian mentators that ‘Washington has been more ef- leadership resulted in the appointment of three fective in crisis management between India and interlocutors. During last year, the dissenting Pakistan than in resolving the dispute.’ Notwith- leadership largely took a backseat and mainstanding America’s interests in the region hav- tained relatively low profile, instead, besides the ing undergoing a sea change after the end of the discovery of mass graves and official debate over cold war when it was deeply engaged in efforts AFSPA it were the activities of these interlocufor bringing about the settlement of the dispute tors that dominated the Kashmir narrative. On its influence did not ebb away in the sub-con- October 12, 2011, the team presented its report tinent. For its involvement in Afghanistan, its to the GOI. The report has not been made public more interests in South Asia have become mo so far but discreet leaks made to press suggests crucial than ever before. Before coming to the some administrative and confidence building question, if US ‘crucial interests’ in the region to measures but it does not suggest any concrete affect Kashmir in the coming years there is need solution for ending political uncertainty in the for understanding how the developments in the state. In the backdrop of the media reports about two countries were going to contribute in com- New Delhi planning to initiate dialogue with a ing months to political scenario in the state. faction of dissenting political leadership in April Consecutively for three years (2008 - after the Assembly elections it seems the inter2010), Kashmir for what New York Times had locutors report will continue to remain under described as ‘intifada’ shot into international discussions during Coming months of 2012. headlines. Engaging the attention of many in- And with Islamabad focusing on trade and culternationally known opinion makers, the situa- tural relations with New Delhi the India-Pakition in the state had become significantly part of stan dialogue is unlikely to be part of Kashmir international discourse—as good as that of the discourse in the coming months. In all likeliPalestine. Nevertheless, seen in right perspec- hood it seems that possibility of talks between tive the media coverage failed to translate into some Kashmir leaders and New Delhi resonate diplomatic gains that could have helped in the in political circle till holding of next election in peaceful resolution of the problem. These devel- the state in 2014. opments in Kashmir were taking place at a time when Washington was talking about adopting Z.G.Muhammad is a noted writer and columnist regional approach for resolution of Kashmir problem and a good section of US think tank including US envoy to Pakistan and Afghanistan Richard Holbrook was looking at Kashmir as gateway for bringing in lasting peace in Afghanistan. Has Kashmir lost that status, how and why is a subject that would require a de-

W

Consecutively for three years (2008 - 2010), Kashmir for what New York Times had described as ‘intifada’ shot into international headlines. Engaging the attention of many internationally known opinion makers, the situation in the state had become significantly part of international discourse—as good as that of the Palestine. Nevertheless, seen in right perspective the media coverage failed to translate into diplomatic gains that could have helped in the peaceful resolution of the problem. These developments in Kashmir were taking place at a time when Washington was talking about adopting regional approach for resolution of Kashmir problem and a good section of US think tank including US envoy to Pakistan and Afghanistan Richard Holbrook was looking at Kashmir as gateway for bringing in lasting peace in Afghanistan. Has Kashmir lost that status, how and why is a subject that would require a detailed analysis. But, looking at this subject in the context of present US-Pakistan standoff it seems that regional approach to Afghanistan problem has also outlived its importance and apparently Kashmir is no more counted by the US as gateway to Afghanistan.


THURSDAY 10-MAY-2018

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Youth and their Prospect in Kashmir There’s a need to rethink and refit our system abilities for any eventual and effective outcome.

MIR SHAHID MAJEED

We are trying to reach to our youth through various measures like amnesty schemes,employment, sports infrastructure etc “ claimed Waheed-Ur-Rehman Para of ruling PDP youth leader. The demographic structure of Jammu and Kashmir points towards a rich dividend with pool of aspiring youth which make up near about 69 % in age composition of total population if not mistaken. This age structure sparks volumes about potentialities available in Human resource in our backyard. In comparison with our counterparts the alienation of this vital section is much more than one can expect in modern world. To better, societies established some legal procedures to develop this potential through treasure trove of demographic dividend of which India as a whole is modest contributor. All the dimensions of society viz social, economic, cultural and political are manifested through attributes of young generation. They act foundation of huge superstructure to be built by generations to come. But as is reflected from Zimmerman’s definition” the potential quantity when utilised for man’s benefit comes under the net of resources”. In this orientation the young generation needs enough polishing to help their functioning for betterment of societal makeup. Contemporary world thrives on global interconnectedness with close and complex integration of economies over a wide scale. Herein lies space for utility of demographic dividend and the subsequent utilisation of their potential for enhancement of human capacity and capability. In fact while elaborating on the role of young generation to our society the universal dictum takes place in quick succession the “youth are the building block of society”. To its better end they inhabit the capacity to improvise the stature of society. They help to contribute to socio economic dimension of society amid their growing times of difficulties. On them depends the future of society and socio economic life structure. To this end they acclaim the status of society in entirety as an independent decision making and executing agency through fresh intellectual ability. To its worst end lies the inability of society to provide them the raw material for construction of societal makeup. Every dimension in society depends on the pool of skilled managers who could utilize the expertise of generations for betterment. In a layman’s language the young generation until provided with opportunities is a burden which manifests in drug trade and human trafficking. Our young generation is an invaluable asset in infant form whose upbringing and nourishment could leave us spell bound if taken care off. This long drawn strategy depends on providing direction and reliable path to potentialities of youth in positive manner. Herein lies space for education and skilling. Education brings in child the element of possible best and feasible best. The possible best enriches the cognitive ability of infant mind for choice of specialization and thus orient one’s life in terms of career perspective say medical,engineering,civil service,management etc. Contemporary world especially our society accords habitual environment for this orientation to flourish through tail and bottom efforts

of our young generation. Our universities and professional competition has amplified its pace in recent decades to accommodate the aspiring millions. In fact the work is in progress but the promising youth are hel bent to improvise on this front. Whereas the 2nd and the accommodation front seems too lazy to fulfill its expected role. Here the society’s legal luminary is liable to questioning who possess the public resources for mobilization and their utilization. Where does lie our space on this front? In Kashmir this front is too lazy to uphold its sanctity and relevance. The government of the day lacks the required governance to integrate the aspirations of promising millions which oft repeatedly subverts energy in day to day protests and blockade. Our institutional capacity is ailing and tired of bureaucratic procedural formalities. The overall environment seems far from aspirations of young generation as the inability to meet their demands isn’t a new debate on table of assessment. Prevailing armed conflict has eroded our time span to bare minimum and thus impedes our governance function in most part of year. But the government of the day seems in deep slumber whose disturbance could wreak havoc if taken to assessment. The institutional capacity of JKPSC and JKSSB is no more hidden to us. Their rigidity and complexity have acted upon the future of teeming millions. The vent of their grievances pays to our normal functioning of society in much anticipated manner. The alienated youth feels their insecurity may pose danger to their safety in future, thus raising voices about legitimacy of legal structures. There’s a need to rethink and refit our system abilities for any eventual and effective outcome. If this task is left in its place it may erode our base of fount ion and may stretch the topic for complete overhaul. Summing up with promising note of Oprah Winfrey “the biggest adventure you can take is to Live the life of dreams”. Kashmiri society dreams big in utilization of their capabilities to enhance their standard of living In nip and tuck tune with attributes of thriving societies world over. It’s liability of our contemporary policy makers to think in terms of Ex aequo et bono (according to the right and good ) as our societal attributes are rich enough to shine on the face of humanity. The government of the day need to streamline their process of decision making in tune with the youth leader ‘s statement to help in bringing the alienated youth back to societal makeup with promise of better future, not cumbersome procedure of JKPSC. For this the overall scheme of public authorities should be in tune with aspirations of young generations, certainly not SRO 2O2. These measures need a serious modification to curb the rising dissent in the initial stage for a prosperous and livable atmosphere ahead. We all dream secure and superior atmosphere in years ahead where intellectual ability can thrive not 2016 fingers crossed . *Writer Shahid Majeed Mir hails from Misribehak Machil Kupwara and can be reached at mirshahid363@gmail.com*

Our young generation is an invaluable asset in infant form whose upbringing and nourishment could leave us spell bound if taken care off. This long drawn strategy depends on providing direction and reliable path to potentialities of youth in positive manner. Herein lies space for education and skilling. Education brings in child the element of possible best and feasible best. The possible best enriches the cognitive ability of infant mind for choice of specialization and thus orient one’s life in terms of career perspective say medical,engineering,civil service,management etc. Contemporary world especially our society accords habitual environment for this orientation to flourish through tail and bottom efforts of our young generation. Our universities and professional competition has amplified its pace in recent decades to accommodate the aspiring millions.


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STIRRING THE COMMUNAL CAULDRON!

MOHAMMAD ASHRAF

T

he horrendous episode in Kathua is allegedly having some hidden objectives. It has been given out by some that the conspiracy, kidnapping, rape and murder of the eight year old Bakerwal girl was to drive away the Bakerwals from the land. However, in an interview with Barkha Dutt on Quint, Advocate Talib Hussain says that the land is not the issue. The Bakerwals are never interested in owning land permanently at a place. They are always on the move. They need the land only for the grazing of their cattle. They have been regularly paying for the land as grazing charges to the real owners. They stay in winter in Jammu and in summer they move to Kashmir and some even to Kargil and Zanskar. According to Talib Hussain the entire episode had been to create a communal issue. From the very start a Hindu Ekta Munch was started with top politicians including ministers leading it, giving the impression that the whole issue was a Hindu-Muslim issue. Why could not the interested people set up a Jammu Ekta Munch? Why a Hindu, a religiously oriented organization? Apparently the aim was to communalize the Jammu atmosphere with some ulterior long term motives. These days there is a debate going on as to what would be BJP’s plank for the 2019 Parliament Election? Some say it will be welfare of the people. The last election’s main plank was the development or vikas. However, BJP has as per overall assessment of different experts miserably failed in providing vikas. On the contrary, some of the so called revolutionary and drastic measures have adversely affected the majority of the people. The demonetization and the imposition of GST have virtually devastated the lower classes. Moreover, one was expecting jobs but these too are nowhere! On the contrary, the corporates have not only fattened themselves but some of them have run away with thousands of crores of peoples’ money deposited in the banks! Indian economy is not in a very good shape as observed by many global economists. Even though the slogan in Gujarat was,“Jeetega Bhai, Jeetega! Vikas hi Jeete ga!!”which means “De-

These days there is a debate going on as to what would be BJP’s plank for the 2019 Parliament Election? Some say it will be welfare of the people. The last election’s main plank was the development or vikas. However, BJP has as per overall assessment of different experts miserably failed in providing vikas. On the contrary, some of the so called revolutionary and drastic measures have adversely affected the majority of the people. The demonetization and the imposition of GST have virtually devastated the lower classes. Moreover, one was expecting jobs but these too are nowhere! On the contrary, the corporates have not only fattened themselves but some of them have run away with thousands of crores of peoples’ money deposited in the banks! Indian economy is not in a very good shape as observed by many global economists.

velopment and only development would win” but there is doubt if this slogan will move the people during the next election. Vijay Dandiwalla says in an observation on the topic in Quora,“ BJP will begin 2019 election on Development Plank … But Opponents, who will have no other issue, will force BJP to drag BJP in the dragnet of Hindutva ..The scenario will be something similar to Mahabharata War, which started in the name of Dharma but ultimately won through Adharma on the pretext of preserving Dharma …” It is said that in India a wave decides the Parliament election. However, it may be too early for a wave. In the meantime, RSS has been trying to create conditions for starting the thing at which they are past masters and that is a Hindutva Wave. The preparations for starting the construction of Ram Temple in Ayodhya could be one of the important elements for this wave as the destruction of the Babri Masjid was for the last wave! Again as an answer to the question, “What will be the outcome in the 2019 general election? Posed in Quora, Snehamoy Roy observes,

“From the continuing painful deaths in Gorakhpur and around and the BJP act as if nothing had happened, to the multiple gau raksha vigilantes and BJP’s tacit support, the public has been quite agitated. You can try to corner Hindu votes by branding yourself as a Hindu party; but you can’t make Hindus rejoice deaths and killings. Hindus would then rather vote for anyone else.And that’s exactly what’s happening. From Delhi University elections to JNU elections to Allahabad University elections to the Gurdaspur elections to the Gurgaon Municipal elections, it’s been a spate of back-to-back humiliating losses for the BJP!Add to that the global criticism on the failure around demonetization, the massively criticised poor implementation of the GST and the attempts to hijack the Congress-initiated Aadhar scheme through overthe-top hype, have converted the three biggest flagship steps of the BJP in three years into nationwide jokes. As it is, the Putin-type building of oligarchs in India that has been taking place like never before in the last three years, has been hitting BJP’s image quite hard, with everyone

questioning the Adanis, Ambanis and Ramdevs. But nothing has hit BJP harder than the latest Shah-n-Shah of all problems. The entire BJP story was built upon the narrative of “neither will I become corrupt, nor will I let anyone else become corrupt”. Whatever explanations the defamation suits are filled with now, the Rs.50, 000 to Rs.80 crore story of Amit Shah’s son has caused BJP the maximum irreversible damage. The jokes are flying thick and thin and no one will ever believe the non-corruption narrative of BJP again.” There is no better place to start the stirring of the cauldron than Jammu. The Kathua episode clearly seems a link in the chain. In fact, it could be the spark to light the fuse. Incidentally, the anti-Muslim riots in Jammu 1947 which changed the entire demography gave real birth to Bharatiya Jana Sangh, the pre-cursor of the Bharatiya Janata Party. The Bharatiya Jana Sangh remained active from 1951 to 1977. The Jana Sangh’s major campaign began in 1953 centred on the total integration of Jammu and Kashmir in India. After the Emergency of 1977, the Jana Sangh merged with some other parties to form the Bharatiya Janata Party or the BJP. Fortunately, the Kathua episode has failed to become a communal issue in spite of the fact that certain elements are trying their best to stir the cauldron. The visit of the Bar Council Delegation and their giving a clean chit to the supporters of the rapists indicates the ulterior motive. Their demand for the CBI investigation also shows the aim as most of the cases investigated by CBI have not resulted in any conviction in the State. The worst part has been the induction of the main instigator into the State Cabinet and the new Deputy Chief Minister’s remarks belittling the issue. In spite of all these attempts at communalisation, the incident not only got universal condemnation but almost all right thinking people in the whole country regardless of the religion, condemned it including the media. It has now become a totally humanitarian issue with almost all sections demanding capital punishment for the criminals. Even though the instigators are not giving up, the communal cauldron which they want to be stirred for the next year’s election may not start from Kashmir. They may have to look for an alternative site to light the fuse! The author is an I.A.S. (Retired) & Former Director General Tourism, Jammu & Kashmir and can be reached at ashrafmjk@gmail.com.


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KASHMIR PEN EDITORIAL SPIRIT OF FASTING {O

you who have believed, decreed upon

you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous.}

(Quran 2: 183) Allah provides many opportunities for human beings to purify their hearts and clean themselves from sins. The mercy of Allah encompasses them in every moment of their lives. He manifests His mercy in various ways and invites His servants to benefit from it. He embraces sinful people with His forgiveness and gives them another chance to elevate to the level of real servanthood. Ramadan is a month which contains innumerous gems, jewelry and valuable items. Whoever wants to make a great profit he/she should seek it in this month. Indeed, the beginning of Ramadan is a mercy of Allah, its middle is His forgiveness and its end is a salvation from Hell. Ramadan fasting is not only an act of worship to purify the soul from hatred and malice and feel the hunger of the deprived, but also an act that cleanses the body. This act of purification results in psychological and physiological equilibrium, restoring harmony to the body, mind, and soul. According to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), “Fast and you will gain health.” In order to clean His servants and raise them to the level of angels Allah has prescribed fasting upon Muslims as well as upon nations before Muslims. Ramadan brings about a heavenly atmosphere of its own and showers us with blessings. Ramadan is a time for Believers to check their spirituality and progress in servanthood. Through self-criticism they discover their inner and spiritual depth and this leads them to make the necessary spiritual and intellectual effort to acquire true human values. Self-criticism helps Muslims to see their past mistakes and amend them. For spiritual purification, people should question themselves and make necessary changes in their lives. I take this opportunity to wish all a blessed Ramadan and pray for our salvation and for the salvation of all humanity especially suffering Kashmiri Muslims.

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Why Have We Started Fearing the Sacred Colours like Saffron, Green and Black and Other Religious Symbols like Beard and Skull Cap? DR MOHAMMAD ALEEM

I

n every religion, some colours command greater significance. In Hinduism and Buddhism, saffron has that reverence and respect and, among Muslims, it is green, black and white(as we have seen the flag of the most dreaded group at present on earth as it has been projected by the Western Media, ISIS). Likewise,some dresses and flags and the ways of bearing like wearing beard and skull cap, either by a Muslim, or a Jew or a Christian also instil fear among the non-believing people. It means that these sacred colours have lost its sacredness with the passing of time or the people who wear and use such colours have defiled the sanctity of these colours. Colours can’t be categorised as demonic and barbaric. It is the most beautiful thing gifted by God. But we humans have surely made it dreaded things in the eyes of others. These things raise another some pertinent questions like, are we living in an age where violence has gained power to rule overevery other thing? Have we diminished ourselves from a civilised people to a rogue one? But who are responsible for such drastic deterioration? Have our political leaders and religious heads lost their sanctity to guide us? Recent incidents show the same. Almost, on the daily basis, such news come that zealots and bigots have shown their ugly face near an institution, university, mosque, church and temple. And it seems that they have no fear of any law. It forces us to ask to ourselves that, is this nation our forefathers had aspired for? Is this our real identity which we carry to the world? Sometimes, we fight over a portrait of a historical figure. Sometimes, we fight over restoring a place of worship which has lost the glory as a sacred place of worship. Unfortunately, this is not the case only with our beloved country, India, but violence has its upper hand in almost every part of the globe, either it is so-called civilised nations or non- civilised nations. Is it not a bitter truth that these so called civilised nations have ruined a great part of the Arab world, especially, Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, Somalia and many others and killed millions of people and displaced many more than that figure? It is also very surprising and unfortunate that most of these ruined nations are a Muslim one. So, can it be assumed that these Muslim countries have lost their moral and ethical rights to be ruled in a civilised way? Have they forgotten the teachings of their own religion, Islam, which glorifies peace as its core teachings? It is not so. Islam will remain as a symbol of peace and love as it was manifested during the holy Prophet’s time. It means that the basic fault line is not with the religion, but with its followers.

Likewise, all other great religions like Hinduism, Christianity and Buddhism have same core values to embrace love and humanity towards others and discard the animosity and hatred towards others. Of late, we see a mass killings and exodus of Muslims in Myanmar and Sri Lanka due to the misrepresentation of the Buddhist teachings. Christians are killing innocent Muslims wherever they find them as an easy prey. The followers of the most peace loving religion, Hinduism have also become wild that they now find pleasure in killing in the name of some irrelevant issues like protecting the cow and other religious symbols and issues. Nobody knows that who will be killed when in the name of these holy signs and so-called holy wars. If the sanity did not prevail and our basic human values couldn’t be protected, I fear, we will soon lossthe identity of the most spiritual and peace loving land. I have also some serious complains with the common people. Have they surrendered themselves completely to their narrow-minded, selfish and arrogant political and religious masters and gods? If we did not become cautious and alert and learn to differentiate between right and wrong, they will surely keep herding the innocent people towards the perilous destinations without any inhibitions and fears just to serve their own vested interests. Let’s take a pledge that we will make ourselves intellectually matured and sound. It is the sacred duty of every conscious citizen to educate and guide to others also in a proper way,which have no such cognitive power to understand. Mohammad Aleem is a well-known novelist, playwright, scriptwriter and journalist, currently attached with the ICN Group, India as the Chief News Editor.

Of late, we see a mass killings and exodus of Muslims in Myanmar and Sri Lanka due to the misrepresentation of the Buddhist teachings. Christians are killing innocent Muslims wherever they find them as an easy prey. The followers of the most peace loving religion, Hinduism have also become wild that they now find pleasure in killing in the name of some irrelevant issues like protecting the cow and other religious symbols and issues. Nobody knows that who will be killed when in the name of these holy signs and so-called holy wars.


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Remembering Syed Mohammad Ashraf Andrabi [r.a]

I

ZEESHAN RASOOL KHAN

n 2007, visibly an epitome of humility, an austere white bearded person appeared on the pulpit of Dargah Shareef Seer Hamdan. The person was introduced as Qaid-e-Ahle Sunnat Molana Mohammad Ashraf Andrabi (r.a) by renowned religious scholar Maulana Mushtaq Ah Khan. Though I was confident that Mushtaq Ah Khan’s admiration could never be flattery, yet the title and the appearance of a person seemed mismatch .The term ‘Qaid’ (Leader) and his ‘Puritanism’ was intriguing. Mind wandered in bewilderness and Allama Iqbal’s couplet came to my rescue; Na pooch in khirka poshun ki , aqeedat hai tou dekh unko Yed’e beyza liye phirtey hain apni aasteenun mein. As he started speaking, reality started to unfold and let me realize that I am meeting a person who is evidence of Allama’s ‘banda e Moomin’ with Naram dum guftugu; Gharm dum justuju. Being a teenager, I could not comprehend his entire scholarly speech, but that was effective enough to warm my heart. His profound eloquence, held me spellbound. The impact that he left is evident from the fact that even after a decade, I remember his closing note. ‘ Har ki ishq’e Mustafa (saw) samaan’e ost ; Behar’o bar darr ghoshayey damaan’e ost ‘. Since then he has made a place in the heart and made me his admirer like thousands worldwide. Allama Mohammad Ashraf Andrabi was one among few religious personalities of the valley who selflessly served the nation on social, political and especially on the religious front. Allama Andrabi was born in a Sayed family of the Andrabia Sufi Order in the home of Syed Mir Muhammad Amin Andrabi at Zadora of Pulwama District in 1926. Desiring to become advocate, Allama returned to his roots on the suggestion of his grandfather. As descendants of the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) the grandfather (Syed Ahmad Andrabi) advised his grandson to carry forward the mission of the family, i.e. to serve the deen of the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh). Allama thus joined religious seminary in Gujranwala, Pakistan (Where most of his relatives were residing). After that, Allama got admission in Darululoom Deoband Lucknow and studied there under the guidance of Maulana Hussain Ahmad Madni.

After returning to the valley, Allama Andrabi started his career as a teacher in 1953 and at the same time appeared in religious congregations as a popular preacher. Meanwhile, Allama Andrabi worked in association with Syed Qasim Shah Bukhari as one of the leader of Anjuman Tableegul Islam for a long time. However, later he endeavored for reformation of the Ummah under the separate banner of “Dawat-e-Islami”— Urdu version of the World Islamic Mission, launched jointly by Allama Shah Ahmad Noorani of Pakistan and Allama Arshid-ul-Qadri of India as an international religious forum in 1973. The WIM, however; could not withstand the turmoil of 90’s thus came to halt in Kashmir, but Allama Andrabi continued his mission fervidly. Nevertheless, it is pertinent to mention that unlike present self-centric scholars who engage in conflicts for name, fame, and publicity of their respective parties, the separate forums never mattered for Allama Bukhari & Allama Andrabi. It is on record, Allama Bukhari in his last days said; I’m seeing ‘Allama Andrabi’ as only the veteran scholar in the valley. Similarly, Allama Andrabi throughout his life revered Allama Bukhari for his highness, both in presence and after departure of Allama Bukhari. Allama Andrabi after retiring from government service completely devoted rest of his life to serve Islam. He went to every nook and corner of the valley to propagate religion. He never saddened inviters. In

spite of extreme weakness, he participated in conferences, seminars, etc. until last with the only aim of disseminating knowledge and encouraging younger generation. Following Allama Qasim Shah Bukhari’s vision who established institutes across the length and breadth of state and believed education as the foundation of a nation’s progress, Allama Andrabi established first seminary ‘Hamdania Mission School’ in Budgam in 1990. In the same year, he introduced Dr. Tahir-ul-Qadri’s Minhaj-ul-Quran, its prospectus, and revolutionary message and other great scholars of south-Asia in Jammu and Kashmir. The purpose of which was to enlighten the Muslims of Kashmir and improve their perspective with regard to religion. He altruistically continued to strive and finally in 1993 succeeded in laying the foundation of ‘DarulUloom Shah’I Hamdan Pampore’. The latter is not only educational institute but a huge welfare center also. It contributes tremendously to the welfare of common masses irrespective of caste, creed, and religion. Besides Darul-uloom Shah-e-Hamdan, and other institutes, which have provided many intellectuals, writers, and speakers to the society so far, Allama Andrabi established separate Dar-ululoom for girls in the year 2000 that is immensely contributing to the creation of a society of chaste people. Giving the tongue to his great and constructive mind, Allama Andrabi employed his pen prolifically. He launched monthly magazine ‘Al-Misbah’ in 2004 as the official

organ of Darul-Uloom Shah-I-Hamdan that serves as source of illumination. Moreover, his pamphlets on diverse issues are not less than an asset for the Ummah. His writings are not mediocre, but insightful and scholarly collections, which impart vast knowledge to the reader. Allama Andrabi had also been interested in poetry, but owing to his deep-rooted attachment and devotion to beloved Muhammad (Pbuh), he restricted poetry mainly to the glorification of the Prophet (Pbuh), under the pen name ‘Aasim’. Also, apart from vocal rejection, he used his pen to decimate falsehood and nullified the erroneous belief that emerged from time to time. He openly opposed and exposed blasphemers like Salman Rushdie, Tasleema Nasreen, and their ilk. Thus sabotaged anti-Islamic efforts and protected the people of the valley from anti-Islamic influence. Some available records indicate he was affiliated with Muslim League before partition. Needless to say, Allama Andrabi was politically sagacious and was very much concerned about the political situation in Jammu and Kashmir. In addition to his speeches (which couldn’t be recorded), his Urdu columns like, Kashmir –Janubi Asia Ka Palestine, Hind-Pak Taluqaat Aur Masalie Kashmir, Amaranth Shrine Board Ka Qazeiya Asbaab o Nataij etc. exist as proof of his Kashmir –centric political ideology. Despite having a multitude of devotees and great repute among scholars across the sub-continent, Allama Andrabi led an ascetical life. He literally followed the way of hermit and not the fortune. Moreover, He never claimed to be a scholar. When anyone would use ‘titles’ for him in honor, he would bar him. And use to say ‘I am a student not more than that’ – The humbleness, which is brought about by true-knowledge. On 9th August 2016, Allama Andrabi left for heavenly abode, leaving behind inspiring lessons for all. The versatile character has left footsteps for the present scholars and scholars in the offing, which they need to follow to do justice to their responsibilities. For common masses also, his life history can serve as a beacon light to live a successful life. Khudah Rehmat Kunad Een Aashiqaan’e Paak Teenat Raa. (May Allah’s blessings shower on his lovers with a noble soul?) Zeeshan Rasool Khan, hails from seer hamdan and can be mailed at mohdzeeshan605@gmail.com.


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HISTORY

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KASHMIR THROUGH AGES -III

DR.ESHRAF ZAINULABIDEEN 1) FIRST ON-SLAUGHT OF KASHMIRI PANDIT BY HINDU KING RAMADEVA :- The first on-slaught of Kashmir was done by their own Hindu king Rama-deva. According to Pandit Jailalkilam ,History of Kashmiri Pandits,pp.20 . Let me quote him word to word ‘’ During the reign of Ramadeva (1252-1273) Some Bhattas (Brahmans) who helped in his in-vesture as king ,having being insulted by him,conspired to install somebody from among Khasas on the throne of Kashmir .But their conspiracy did not long remain a secret and an orgy destruction and plunder was let loose upon them. Some of them were killed and others suppressed with atrocious mercilessness and to save themselves the cry was raised everywhere ‘NA BATOHAM’ ,’’I AM NOT A BHATA’’ .This is first onslaught recorded in history against Brahmins of Kashmir’’’. 2) Guru Hargobind Ji died a refugee in Kashmir in 1645(GMD SOFI pp.699). 3) First convert to Christianity was Samuel Bakal 4) The father of Modern Education in Kashmir was Rev. J.H.Knowles,he started C.M.S school in 1880.Tyndale Biscoe joined him 1891 . 5) BISCOE SCHOOL DRESS CODE :-In 1890, the dress code of Biscoe school was “ Pheran,Ear Ring And Wooden Clog (Mashiq)”(Biscoe,Kashmir in sun light and shade,pp263). 6) Uptill 1907,the official language was Persian. 7) Besides poverty, government policies ,reactionary clergy discouraged modern education among the muslim ( Reported by Zamindaar newspaper from Punjab ,Sep.1923) Note : According to Septugenerian social activist from Rainawari Mohammad Sultan (Mama-Ji) ,one who enrolled in English schools were nicknamed ‘’KIRRI’’ .Mirwaiz Rasool Shah started Muslim modern education movement even though he was heavily criticised by Hamdani Clergy and attempts were made to murder him by unknown gangs. 8) RAJOURI KADAL (RAAZE-KADAL) : Rajya Devi was daughter of Sunder Sen of Rajouri the subordinate of King Zain-Ul-Abideen Budshah . Sunder Sen sent Rajya Devi to Kashmir to marry Budshah .Budshah declined to marry her and called her mother instead.Rajya Devi stayed in Kashmir and built a bridge which came to be known as ‘RAJOURI KADAL’ to this date. (Pervez Deewan,pp.60). 9)FIRST SKY-SCRAPPER OF THE WORLD (ZOON E DUBB) :- Shahmiri Kashmiri king Zain-Ul-Abideen Budshah built twelve storey palace that perhaps was first the world’s first Sky-scrapper according to Pervez Deewan.It was wooden palace he used glass window .Unfortunately Chakh tribe of Kashmir burnt it during the reign of Budshah itself 10) PULSE-EXPERTS OF KASHMIR ( NABAAZ -NABBIZZ DOCTOR) :- Hakim Abdul Qadir Ganai of Nawa Kadal, Jammalatta wrote the commentary of Tibb-E-Nabwi (Prophetic medicine). He was a great Nabaaz . 11) JAMMA-LATA ,NAWAKADAL :- Shahmiri

Kashmiri king Ali Shah married a princess from Jammu .When she married the king of Kashmir ,a retinue of people came with her from Jammu to keep her company .They settled in an area that came to be known as Jamalatta pron. Jamwal Hatta or market place set-up by people from Jammu. 12) Kashmiri women were beautiful and were abducted by rapacious officer ( of foreign occupation) and sold in India that is what they wear dirty clothes .(Arthur Brickman in ‘’Wrongs in Kashmir,page 33). 13) Mullah Mohsin Fani was a distinguished poet and philosopher from Iran who studied under Sheikh Yaqub Sarfi (R.A). 14 )According to law of then Dogra rulers which

they named as JK Arms Act ,’’only Hindus can apply for gun-licence’’ . 15) Foreign ruler of Kashmir Maharaja Pratab Singh died in 1925 ,having no heir of his own he was succeeded by his nephew Hari Singh . 16) In 1941,the total enrolled muslim population in Srinagar was 17497(Census 1941,pp21) 17) NEHRU NOT ALLOWED TO KASHMIR WITHOUT VISA :- On June 20,1946 ,Pandit Nehru decided to visit Kashmir but he was detained by then Prime minster of J&K Pandit Ram Chandra Kak and kept him in Uri Dakbanglow . 18) Cease-fire line of control was established in 1949 by army chief of India and Pakistan who were British Mr.Gracy and Mr.Buhler. 19) Afzal Beigh left National conference in 1978 and created Inquilabi National conference. 20) According to Kashmir born Ahmadi historian Aziz Kashmiri ,Harwan is named after Prophet Haroon who came with Prophet Moses and stayed in a village named after him ‘‘Haroon ‘’. 21) KHANYAR MASSACRE : On May 8, 1991, about five in the evening the CRPF personnel opened fire on a peaceful procession at Khanyar carrying bodies of civilians killed in Dachigam and Saida Kadal earlier, killing 29 civilians including five women and an infant, besides injuring 52 people. FIR was lodged against CRPF battalion ( FIR - 42/19910 ) but case closed as ‘non-admitted’.In a report submitted before the State Human Rights Commission, police said the identification of the accused persons by the eye-witnesses could not be carried out by the investigating officers due to non-cooperation of the said CRPF battalion . The State Human Rights Commission said names of the accused persons with ranks has been mentioned in the report lodged by the said CRPF battalion for lodging FIR in the same instance and the said FIR - 42/1991. Resource person can be reached at zainlala69@ gmail.com  


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Mental Health among Adolescents

M

SAMEER AHMAD DAR

ental, physical and social health, are vital strands of life that are closely interwoven and deeply interdependent. Defining health as physical, mental and social well being, A.V. Shah has expressed that mental health is “the most essential and inseparable component of health. There are number of dimensions, which contribute to positive health like, spiritual, emotional, vocational, philosophical, cultural, socio-economic, environmental, educational and nutritional besides the physical, mental and social dimension. Thus, health is multidimensional. Although these dimensions function and interact with one another, each has its own nature. Mental health is a positive concept related to the individual’s social, emotional, and psychological well being. It is a psychological state of a man who is functioning at a satisfactory level of passionate and behavioral adjustment. The concept of mental health is culturally defined, but generally relates to the enjoyment of life, ability to cope with daily stresses, sorrows and sadness, the fulfillment of goal and potential and a sense of connection to others. Therefore mental health is an important aspect in individual’s well being and health in general. Adolescence is a period of change in attitude and behavior, develops heightened emotionality, outlook, interests pattern and roles the social group expects them to play. Psychologically it is that period of life when an individual becomes integrated into the society of adults, the age when the child no longer feels that he or she is below the level of his/ her elders but equal at least in right. It

is a period of rapid change and time of searching personal identity. This stage is called as the period of “storm and stress”, during this stage adolescents face many psychological problems viz stress, physical stress, anxiety, aggression, undesirable complexes even sometimes depression and frustration. It may be due to self care, career, academics or other issues. These issues provide a major reason to researchers for conducting researches on the mental health on adolescents. World Health Organization in 2001 reports that, mental health problems among children and adolescents have increased in recent years and are predicted to increase up to 50% by the year 2020. Therefore special effort should be made at individual as well as group level to improve the mental health care services. Mental health disorders among adolescents are often unrecognized and untreated. It is vary horrible that only 1 in 5 adolescents with mental health problems receive proper mental health treatment. Since past few years mental health disorders among children and adolescents have received a great significant attention in the field of research. However very less number of researchers are conducted in India which highlight the aspects of mental health and mental disorders among adolescents. Ranasinghe and Ramesh reported that 25.5% students had symptoms of depression, 8.6% reported loneliness, while as 7.8% reported anxiety related insomnia. Wani et al., found girl have high level of stress anxiety and depression then boys. Surapuramath reported that boys have better mental health than the girls. Seby, Chaudhury, and Chakraborty reported 26.7 % prevalence of mental disorders among elderly with predominant depressive disorders, dementia, generalized anxiety disorder, alcohol dependence and bipolar disorder.

Ghosh highlighted that parental deprivation has significant influence on mental health. She also found that non deprived adolescents had better mental health than parentally deprived adolescents. Similarly Hinshaw stated that friends and family plays an important role in maintaining stability and mental health among Adolescents among children. Reza found significant correlation between mental health and peer pressure of professional students. He also reported that early detection of mental health problems and peer pressures would promote better understanding about student’s mental health and peer pressures. Ranasinghe found that 25.5% had symptoms of depression, 8.6% reported loneliness while as 7.8% adolescent students reported anxiety related insomnia. Chandola found that men reported highly psychiatric morbidity (83.33%) then women (40%). Jayanthi, Thirunavukarasu and Rajkumar investigated that adolescents with academic stress have higher risk of depression than adolescents without academic stress. Sughayr and Ferwana highlighted that girls are more stressed than boys. While as Dhuria et al., researched that psychological problems were present more among boys than girls. Another study conducted by Sibnath et al., also shows that boys to be more anxious than girls. Findings also show that found that adolescents belonging to the middle socio economic group are more anxious than adolescents of high and low socio economic groups. Sameer Ahmad Dar is Lecturer (Govt. Collegeof Nursing M.A Road Srinagar) and can be reached at samzcool9@gmail.com


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RAMADHAN : THE MONTH OF BLESSINGS

A

llah (SWT) has always shown his love ,kindness and mercy toward his creatures but there are some special months, days and times which are told above from rest, Ramadan is also one of those special months in which Allah showers his countless blessings. THE WISDOM BEHIND FASTING There are reasons and wisdom behind every single act in Islam, no matter how small. It is possible to know the wisdom behind some acts, and for others we may never know. Salaat, for instance, is a daily training for purifying the believer and reminding him or her that he/she is a member in a community of believers. Fasting, on the other hand, is an annual institution containing all conceivable attributes for human excellence. It is a training for the body and soul, a renewal of life, encouraging the spirit of sharing and giving. The following are some of the general benefits: SELF-RESTRAINT (TAQWA) Allah (SWT) states: “O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you that you may (learn) self restraint.” (Al-Qur’an, 2:183) This verse indicates the first lesson or wisdom to be gained in fasting is Taqwa (self-restraint or the conscious of Allah (SWT)). That is to say, fasting instills in the heart the essence of consciousness of the Creator, moral courage both in secret and manifest, guiding the heart, the seat of emotion from spoilage and moral indecency. Fasting instills taqwa or conscious of Allah, and does so by controlling two aspects of the human body, which are the root causes of human downfall, namely the stomach and the private parts. The human body is constructed with the need to please the two of them and, in the process, man transgresses the rights of others, fellow human beings, and the commandments of Allah are violated. By Fasting one raises the level of taqwa, thereby the person avoids the sins, which are detrimental to life itself. BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION It is possible for a fasting person to control or changes his or her habits; the reason being human life is an embodiment of acquired habits. To change or control a habit is to wage a war on oneself. If jihad is mandatory on every believer because it is the peak of the essence in Islam, and it entails changing habits, then fasting is the training ground for the inevitable that will occur. For a fasting person who controls the consumption of food and drink, it will undoubtedly be easy for him to control other habits, including the habits of smoking, drug abuse and illicit sex. If you can control your tongue, hands and all other parts of your body, it will be easy for you to apply the same training for the rest of the year. HEATH BENEFITS The benefits of fasting transcend guiding the faster from idle talk and indecent acts. Fasting is a guard against disease, provided the faster follows the strict dietary rule: eating during Iftar (fast breaking) and avoiding over-eating. Allah (SWT) states: “...Eat and drink, but waste not by excess, for Allah loves not wasters.” (Al-Qur’an, 7:31). Some disorders originate from stomach indigestion. This is why the Messenger of Allah (sas) says: “The son of Adam will never fill a container with something worse and evil than his stomach. It will suffice him some morsels

(food) that will keep him on his feet, otherwise, he should divide his stomach into three parts: one third for his food, one third for his drink and the other third for his breath.” (Ibn Hibban) The fast helps to correct the problem of obesity and diabetes. Doctors over the years have used fasting as a prescription for certain ailments. An American physician published a report on fasting and its benefits saying: “It is mandatory on every person who is sick to restrain from food certain days in a year whether he be wealthy or poor because if bacteria can find food in abundance in the body, it will grow and multiply. But with fasting it becomes weak.’’ He then praised Islam. It should be considered as the wisest religion, because by mandating fasting it has mandated health care. He continued: “Indeed, Muhammad, who brought this religion, was the best physician who succeeded in his teachings, for he called for prevention before ailment, that is apparent in fasting and the nightly prayer (Taraweeh) that Muslims observe after fast breaking every day of Ramadan, for these physical acts contain big benefits in digesting food.” (Arkanul Arba`ah by Abul Hasan Nadwi) Patience Fasting helps in conditioning the heart, the soul, and the body on the virtues of patience, tenacity, and firmness in the face of adversity. Patience is the pinnacle of self-mastery, discipline and spiritual agility. Patience is to turn the phrase “I can’t” into “I can.” It is to say, the difficult is easy. It is an inner and psychological demolition of things perceived by others as impossible. Fasting helps in all these shades for the virtuous, patient person because, the conditioning is that if a believer can exercise patience, and forsake gourmet food and drink, and the exhilaration we enjoy while eating or drinking our favorites, as well as marital association, the gratifying of other normal appetites for a whole day, for a month the realization that the barrier between you and food is your consciousness of your Creator, can better make you able to exercise patience in vir-

tually everything in life. SOCIAL BENEFITS Socially, fasting is an expression of solidarity with the poor, the family and the whole society. This is a period in which the rich have first-hand experience of what it is to be poor, the pains the indigent suffers in normal living conditions. The process of disciplining resulting from Islamic fasting instills in the rich the virtue of mercy, Rahmah, which is very important in terms of social well - being and proliferation of harmony. Allah bestows His mercy upon those who themselves are merciful to others. “Those who are merciful to others, the Merciful will have mercy upon them,” the Messenger said. He continued, “Have mercy upon those on earth, and those in heaven will have mercy upon you.” (Abu Dawud/ Tirmidhi) FAMILY TIES Fasting strengthens family ties, especially in that the family is an endangered institution in western society. It helps the family gather together to break fast, at Iftar, and eat Sahur together at least twice a day for a month. The family even makes Salaat, together with the father as Imam. Fasting enhances and energizes friendship, as Ramadan is known as the month of invitations and visitations. Friends, family members and neighbors extend invitations to each other to come to their homes to have Iftar together. Muslims communities have Iftar in the Masajids. The Messenger said, “When a believer invites you, you should respond.” In addition, Muslims get together in the Masajid for Taraweeh and ta’ aleem. This great month is one of the most virtuous roads to Allah. As each moment of this glorious month is vitally important, we should make all our efforts to receive maximum benefit from this blessed month. May the holy month of Ramadan bring peace and tranquility to our country and may it bring succour to Nigerians for security, economic and other pressing national problems. Ramadan Mubarak!


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NARRATIVE

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Divorce Paper! “

HUMAIS ZARGAR.

When I got home that night as my wife served dinner, I held her hand and said, I’ve got something to tell you. She sat down and ate quietly. Again I observed the hurt in her eyes. Suddenly I didn’t know how to open my mouth. But I had to let her know what I was thinking. I want a divorce. I raised the topic calmly. She didn’t seem to be annoyed by my words, instead she asked me softly, why? I avoided her question. This made her angry. She threw away the chopsticks and shouted at me, you are not a man! That night, we didn’t talk to each other. She was weeping. I knew she wanted to find out what had happened to our marriage. But I could hardly give her a satisfactory answer; she had lost my heart to Jane. I didn’t love her anymore. With a deep sense of guilt, I drafted a divorce agreement which stated that she could own our house, our car, and 30% stake of my company. She glanced at it and then tore it into pieces. The woman who had spent ten years of her life with me had become a stranger. I felt sorry for her wasted time, resources and energy but I could not take back what I had said for I loved Jane so dearly. Finally she cried loudly in front of me, which was what I had expected to see. To me her cry was actually a kind of release. The idea of divorce which had obsessed me for several weeks seemed to be firmer and clearer now. The next day, I came back home very late and found her writing something at the table. I didn’t have supper but went straight to sleep and fell asleep very fast because I was tired after an eventful day with Jane. When I woke up, she was still there at the table writing. I just did not care so I turned over and was asleep again. In the morning she presented her divorce conditions: she didn’t want anything from me, but needed a month’s notice before the divorce. She requested that in that one month we both struggle to live as normal a life as possible. Her reasons were simple: our son had his exams in a month’s time and she didn’t want to disrupt him with our broken marriage. This was agreeable to me. But she had something more, she asked me to recall how I had carried her into out bridal room on our wedding day. She requested that every day for the month’s duration I carry

her out of our bedroom to the front door ever morning. I thought she was going crazy. Just to make our last days together bearable I accepted her odd request. I told Jane about my wife’s divorce conditions. . She laughed loudly and thought it was absurd. No matter what tricks she applies, she has to face the divorce, she said scornfully. My wife and I hadn’t had any body contact since my divorce intention was explicitly expressed. So when I carried her out on the first day, we both appeared clumsy. Our son clapped behind us, daddy is holding mommy in his arms. His words brought me a sense of pain. From the bedroom to the sitting room, then to the door, I walked over ten meters with her in my arms. She closed her eyes and said softly; don’t tell our son about the divorce. I nodded, feeling somewhat upset. I put her down outside the door. She went to wait for the bus to work. I drove alone to the office. On the second day, both of us acted much more easily. She leaned on my chest. I could smell the fragrance of her presence. I realized that I hadn’t looked at this woman carefully for a long time. I realized she was not young any more. There were fine wrinkles on her face, her hair was graying! Our marriage had taken its toll on her. For a minute I wondered what I had done to her. On the fourth day, when I lifted her up, I felt a sense of intimacy returning. This was the woman who had given ten years of her life to me. On the fifth and sixth day, I realized that our sense of intimacy was growing again. I didn’t tell Jane about this. It became easier to carry her as the month slipped by. Perhaps the everyday workout made me stronger. She was choosing what to wear one morning. She tried on quite a few dresses but could not find a suitable one. Then she sighed, all my dresses have grown bigger. I suddenly realized that she had grown so thin, that was the reason why I could carry her more easily. Suddenly it hit me… she had buried so much pain and bitterness in her heart. Subconsciously I reached out and touched her head. Our son came in at the moment and said, Dad, it’s time to carry mom out. To him, seeing his father carrying his mother out had become an essential part of his life. My wife gestured to our son to come closer and hugged him tightly. I turned my face away because I was afraid I might change my mind at this last minute. I then held her in my arms, walking from the bedroom, through the sitting room, to the hallway. Her hand surrounded my neck softly and naturally. I held her body tightly; it was just like our wedding day.

But her much lighter weight made me sad. On the last day, when I held her in my arms I could hardly move a step. Our son had gone to school. I held her tightly and said, I hadn’t noticed that our life lacked intimacy. I drove to office…. jumped out of the car swiftly without locking the door. I was afraid any delay would make me change my mind…I walked upstairs. Jane opened the door and I said to her, Sorry, Jane, I do not want the divorce anymore. She looked at me, astonished, and then touched my forehead. Do you have a fever? She said. I moved her hand off my head. Sorry, Jane, I said, I won’t divorce. My marriage life was boring probably because she and I didn’t value the details of our lives, not because we didn’t love each other anymore. Now I realize that since I carried her into my home on our wedding day I am supposed to hold her until death do us apart. Jane seemed to suddenly wake up. She gave me a loud slap and then slammed the door and burst into tears. I walked downstairs and drove away. At the floral shop on the way, I ordered a bouquet of flowers for my wife. The salesgirl asked me what to write on the card. I smiled and wrote, I’ll carry you out every morning until death do us apart. That evening I arrived home, flowers in my hands, a smile on my face, I run up stairs, only to find my wife in the bed -dead. My wife had been fighting CANCER for months and I was so busy with Jane to even notice. She knew that skhe would die soon and she wanted to save me from the whatever negative reaction from our son, in case we push through with the divorce. At least, in the eyes of our son - I’m a loving husband…. The small details of your lives are what really matter in a relationship. It is not the mansion, the car, property, the money in the bank. These create an environment conducive for happiness but cannot give happiness in themselves. So find time to be your spouse’s friend and do those little things for each other that build intimacy. If you are not in a relationship now, remember this for the second (or third) time around. It’s never too late. If you don’t share this, nothing will happen to you. If you do, you just might save a marriage. Many of life’s failures are people who did not realize how close they were to success when they gave up. Writer is currently persuing Electronicx and communications engineering In Kashmir Govt. Polytechnic College Gogji Bagh . And is thankful of Dr. Rafeeq Masoodi (Former Deputy Director General of Doordarshan ) for this write up.

My wife and I hadn’t had any body contact since my divorce intention was explicitly expressed. So when I carried her out on the first day, we both appeared clumsy. Our son clapped behind us, daddy is holding mommy in his arms. His words brought me a sense of pain. From the bedroom to the sitting room, then to the door, I walked over ten meters with her in my arms. She closed her eyes and said softly; don’t tell our son about the divorce. I nodded, feeling somewhat upset. I put her down outside the door. She went to wait for the bus to work. I drove alone to the office. On the second day, both of us acted much more easily. She leaned on my chest. I could smell the fragrance of her presence. I realized that I hadn’t looked at this woman carefully for a long time. I realized she was not young any more. There were fine wrinkles on her face, her hair was graying! Our marriage had taken its toll on her. For a minute I wondered what I had done to her. On the fourth day, when I lifted her up, I felt a sense of intimacy returning. This was the woman who had given ten years of her life to me. On the fifth and sixth day, I realized that our sense of intimacy was growing again. I didn’t tell Jane about this.


THURSDAY 17-MAY-2018

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Are Religions One or Many?

A Session in a Parliament of World Religions Attempting to formulate what unites and grounds world religions and allow genuine inter-religious dialogue

I

MUHAMMAD MAROOF SHAH

sn’t it sad and embarrassing to note that while political states, “though different in culture and competing with one another,” maintain diplomatic relations and strive for coexistence. Only religions are not on speaking terms.” The core problem that hurts their relationship is the blasphemy expressed thus: “I alone have all the truth and the grace, and all those who differ live in darkness, and are abandoned by the grace of God.” Despite the enduring perception that religions “disagree profoundly and are in opposition to one another on matters of doctrine” it seems possible that we can express the common statement of all delegates to an imagined international conference in the idiom of every major religion. All we need is to take the best interpreters of world religions who understand language of all or at least some religions and seek to express the same in terms of their own/other religions. Let us read one such interpreter’s (Shaykh Isa Nurudin) summary of basic points that should be appreciated as providing abiding foundation for dialogue among religions, dialogue with philosophers and mystics and probably with many a skeptic: “What do we need for spiritual life enjoined in every tradition? “Three things: truth, spiritual practice, morals.” What is Truth? “Pure and unveiled truth coincides with metaphysics; the religious dogmas are symbols of metaphysical truths; the deep understanding of religious symbolism is esoterism. Pure metaphysics is hidden in every religion.” What about spiritual practice?

“Spiritual practice is essentially prayer. There are three forms of prayer: first, canonical prayer…; second, person-a l prayer…; third, the contemplative prayer of the heart; this is mystical spirituality.” What about morals? “Morals mean a reasonable, healthy and generous behavior; on the other hand, it means beauty of the soul, hence intrinsic nobility.” Missing is in the solution to find basis for dialogue from religious perspective. For instance people have tried to find – and failed naturally - the basis to judge others on the basis of their supposedly best conception of God (as distinct from Godhead). We can’t find unity at the level of religions and it is futile to mix creeds and rituals and ask for dissolving religious boundaries. The solution to find what grounds religion itself or all religions and thus step beyond the universe of seemingly competing theologies or religions to judge all of them from a higher or more universal standpoint. And that is called the science of the Real/Supraphenomenal or Pure Being or Metaphysics. The unity if it can be found at all has necessarily to be found in that which is the end of religion and which transcends and grounds religions and that is what we call the Real or transpersonal Absolute that is the object of metaphysics. Pure and unveiled truth that all religions ultimately invoke to legitimize their claims “coincides with metaphysics” that unites 1,24,000 heavenly teachers from Adam to Muhammad (SAW). The question regarding legitimacy of metaphysical perspective itself doesn’t arise because it is based on “intellectual intuition, which by its very nature is infallible because it is a vision by the pure intellect, whereas profane philosophy operates only with rea-

son, hence with logical assumptions and conclusions.” Revelation is, as noted by many Sufis and philosophers, Intellection for the masses, a point that should make even skeptics pause to consider claims of what has been called religious humanism. Let us now turn to Abraham Joshua Heschel whose insights on Semitic religions in general and Judaism in particular are especially noteworthy in the task of building lasting foundation for dialogue of sister faiths. Heschel notes the possibility of seeing other religion’s as providential opposites for letting spiritual democracy, the object of Muslim sage Iqbal, to prevail. “What if we accept the prophet’s thesis that they all worship one God, even without knowing it, if we accept the principle that the majesty of God transcends the dignity of religion, should we not regard a divergent religion as His Majesty’s loyal opposition ? However, does not every religion maintain the claim to be true, and is not truth exclusive ?” For Heschel “the most significant basis for meeting of men of different religious traditions is the level of fear and trembling, of humility and contrition, where our individual moments of faith are mere waves in the endless ocean of mankind’s reaching out for God, where all formulations and articulations appear as understatements, where our souls are swept away by the awareness of the urgency of answering God’s commandment, while stripped of pretension and conceit we sense the tragic insufficiency of human faith.” “Our conceptions of what ails us may be different; but the anxiety is the same. The language, the imagination, the concretization of our hopes are different, but the embarrassment is the same, and so is the sign,


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the sorrow, and the necessity to obey.” “We may disagree about the ways of achieving fear and trembling, but the fear and trembling are the same. The demands are different, but the conscience is the same, and so is arrogance, iniquity. The proclamations are different, the callousness is the same, and so is the challenge we face in many moments of spiritual agony.” Heschel provides resources to reach out to those who are usually thought outside the camp of believers in world religions and thus build a consensus of all thoughtful humans irrespective of religious commitments. “Human faith is never final, never an arrival, but rather an endless pilgrimage, a being on the way. We have no answers to all problems. Even some of our sacred answers are both emphatic and qualified, final and tentative; final within our own position in history, tentative - because we can only speak in the tentative language of man.” And ““We tend to read the Bible looking for mighty acts that God does and not seeing that all the way through the Bible God is waiting for human beings to act.” “ None of us pretends to be God’s accountant, and His design for history and redemption remains a mystery before which we must stand in awe.” And notes that the ancient Rabbis proclaim “Pious men of all nations have a share in the life to come.” One recalls a remark by Maimonides, great Jewish thinker and commentator, that seems to be an exegesis of the first tradition recorded by Imam Bukhari: “God asks for the heart, everything depends upon the intention of the heart ... all men have a share in eternal life if they attain according to their ability knowledge of the Creator and have ennobled themselves by noble qualities.” It is instructive to recall one sentence summary of religion in practice by the Prophet of Islam (SAW) “religion is nothing but sincere counsel and seeking to spread the good” and Hillel that all scripture is golden rule stating that which is hateful to you, don’t do to your neighbor. Augustine affirmed the same when he said that scripture teaches nothing but charity. One should recall Abu Dawood’s distillation of whole hadith corpus in the form of four hadiths – “Actions are by intentions,” “ “None of you truly believes until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself,” “A sign of one’s excellence in his Islam is ignoring what does not concern him.”“The lawful is clear and the unlawful is clear and what is ambiguous is better left alone/ returned to God.” Sages and philosophers Eastern and Western including Confucuis and Buddha, Aristotle and Kant have also summarized essential ethics (invoked in different religious traditions) in

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the manner that recalls golden rule affirmed in one of the above mentioned hadiths. Who can claim to scan hearts of others and thus judge? Isn’t it indecent to speculate or dismiss before even hearing what we have not been deeply concerned about in academic or intellectual matters? (Many don’t care to read, for instance, Pannikar or AKC or Smart or Smith or their likes but feel free to offer unsolicited comments.) One recalls medieval Islam’s great scholar and mystic-jurist Abdul Wahab Sharani’s claim that in traditions he knew it is God/the Real that is glorified. Recognizing this we agree to see common objective of religions as glorifying/realizing the Real. Ethical/ spiritual practices they propose for accessing the Real are hardly distinguishable. Their fruits, as far as we know them in this world, taste similar. But let us note that religions don’t invite us to themselves but to God/the Real who is the real face in us – and thus to our own ground. Let us, however, agree to invite others, with “wisdom and beautiful preaching” to what we have tasted or known to be the most sublime or most beautiful aspect of the Truth that sanctifies. Let us warn our fellow seekers of dangers of idolatrous imagination and pride that “holier than thou” attitude conceals. So far we know many advocates of religions which usually don’t understand/want to understand one another. Sages, metaphysicians and many towering scholars of comparative religion claim to understand their deeper or common language. However, it has often been maintained that this is not the case or that translation into other languages is not possible due to absence of discernible deep structure. It often implies that religions are distant unrecognizing estranged relatives that should, like male buffaloes, fight one another to death. The Quran had proposed dialogue instead of polemical fight between them. Let us read our best scholars engaged in this dialogue that has been largely missing from much of the history of world religions. Let us not presume that there should be only one person in the dice and no chair for the President and one doesn’t need to listen to others with humility. The Chair of the sessions should be the best scholars of world religions. Taste few such sessions and one comes to know that one needs to know more of one’s own tradition to better appreciate others and vice versa.

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Missing is in the solution to find basis for dialogue from religious perspective. For instance people have tried to find – and failed naturally - the basis to judge others on the basis of their supposedly best conception of God (as distinct from Godhead). We can’t find unity at the level of religions and it is futile to mix creeds and rituals and ask for dissolving religious boundaries. The solution to find what grounds religion itself or all religions and thus step beyond the universe of seemingly competing theologies or religions to judge all of them from a higher or more universal standpoint. And that is called the science of the Real/ Supraphenomenal or Pure Being or Metaphysics. The unity if it can be found at all has necessarily to be found in that which is the end of religion and which transcends and grounds religions and that is what we call the Real or transpersonal Absolute that is the object of metaphysics. Pure and unveiled truth that all religions ultimately invoke to legitimize their claims “coincides with metaphysics” that unites 1,24,000 heavenly teachers from Adam to Muhammad (SAW). The question regarding legitimacy of metaphysical perspective itself doesn’t arise because it is based on “intellectual intuition, which by its very nature is infallible because it is a vision by the pure intellect, whereas profane philosophy operates only with reason, hence with logical assumptions and conclusions.” Revelation is, as noted by many Sufis and philosophers, Intellection for the masses, a point that should make even skeptics pause to consider claims of what has been called religious humanism.


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EXPRESSION

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Taking Smiles is Not So Hard

MURSAL WANI

how me. Demonstrate the importance that someone has in your life. There is nothing more beautiful than demonstrating what we feel for someone. Show love, show the longing that you have carried in the chest. You know, sometimes we make mistakes, get off the ground and do the wrong thing, but there’s nothing grander to do than make mistakes. There are times when I put the earphones in my ear and spend the night staring into the darkness of the room.Silence most often brings answers, though the noise within us is thunderous and extremely disturbing. Nostalgia is my old companion, she is with me in all moments of my life, in the false laughter and even in the brief moments where I deceive myself thinking that things are well, that everything is legal here inside me. Damn, there are so many shallow people in this world. So many people throwing love away, so many people indifferent to us. I wanted so badly that I miss some people. I wanted to feel that my voice, my company and my faults are lacking in the same proportion that the voice,

company, defects and face of the person I love most in this life are lacking in my life. It is not easy to prove who we are. It is not easy to take off the armor and expose body and soul to this world. You can tell in your fingers who is really going to reciprocate everything you show. Man, let me tell you something: today, in this digital age, where it’s so hard to be real, we really have to send text, write newspapers, send a disheveled picture, send a ten-minute audiotape if necessary, but only to to rejoice those whom we love. I can not tell if we’ll be around here in ten minutes. Death comes like a thief in the middle of the night, without warning, without warning. So open that breast, throw away all this pride and be a real one. Show who you are. Demonstrate how much you care. Demonstrate the longing you feel. I’m on this walk. I want to love and receive in the same proportion. I want to be real. I assume I miss it, but I want to know that I miss it too. It’s not easy, but I’m trying. I think we would be happier being like that, enjoying the small details, the most “silly” attitudes are what change our day for the better. Taking smiles is not so hard, so make your

life worthwhile. Do you know why love is beautiful? Because you don’t see him coming. He doesn’t alarm or turn the spotlight on a billboard. It doesn’t draw any attention. You can be there, sitting on a coffee table somewhere, and as soon as you get up, he’s here. And you smile so light without explanation. Yeah, he’s here. When you have to choose between

being right and being kind, choose to be kind. Overcoming is being able to be close to something you have decided to drop. Right people don’t exist. We are all wrong looking for someone who accepts our imperfections. Mursal Wani can be reached at sana. malik602@gmail.com

WHEN RESISTANCE BECAME MY MUSE.

I

KHAWAR KHAN ACHAKZAI

wake up at night, perspiring, and restlessly look for my notebook to find it by my side, I push the random keys on my laptop which are half smudged in the cigarette ash, to bring it alive from a sleeping state and check if my social media accounts are still working or some of them have been blocked, I waffle through all the ‘poems’ on my iCloud if any has ‘disappeared’ while I had fallen unto the ‘occupation’ of my slumber. The old demons stir up again, the chorus of echoes: Jailed, killed, raped, enforced, martyr, rebel, widow. I try to break each of them, again, into their origins, implications and consequences and I end up, ‘un-breaking’ them, again, into a romance. “As soon as the wounds of your memory begin to heal I begin to remember you on some excuse or the other” (*Faiz Ahmad Faiz) This city is built of bones, plastered with blood and flesh and smells of the incense from funeral rites, this city is filled with conceit and hypocrisy, but, surprisingly I have found my love in every dark crevice and every preposterous corner of my ‘Gotham’. While, the songs are forbidden in it, the nights are kept awake by the barking of rabid dogs and rattling diesel engines of the army convoys, its days are sooty with adultered petrol exhaust and the gun-powder smoke, I have found my music in its noise and my poems in its haze. I have found a hope to write, to speak, in its every alcove that stands for occupation, the sand bags piled up as walls of desperation and fear, the camouflaged ghosts with their riffles staring into my face, in the prison I have found a longing to hold the hands of my beloved. “Observe the city, from here circles within circles, the city walls stretch like a prison in all directions on every street” (Faiz Ahmad Faiz) What does my city represent? It represents the occupation’s unyielding hunger for human life and

freedom’s undying thirst for blood. Both ‘ungiving’, have become my muse. “I was taking count of life’s sorrows today Your memories flooded my mind uncountably” (Faiz Ahmad Faiz) Freedom!I never realised when I fell for the word. Or with the idea? I never realised how madly I was in love with it. The word is enough to throw me into an emotional trance, a poetic orgasm. It is not that I don’t realise that how much blood has been spilled and how many lives been laid for that very word, but that realisation is what makes it more romantic and more poetic for me, for the lovers have always bled, have been dragged and put on the crucifix, but the agony of separation inflicts much deeper wounds and leaves uglier scars than the physical torture. “Joy of union-yes, agony of separation-forbidden! “ (Faiz Ahmad Faiz) This word is a promise, unfulfilled, like the unrequited love that deserves lovers singing about it, people writing love songs, poets composing salutations and mendicants becoming ecstatic of the thought of having achieved it, if ever. Certainly yes! “Your memory sweetens the bitterness of the times The poet composes salutations to your beauty” (Faiz Ahmad Faiz) When the world wants to see it in a mask, with head bands, throwing stones and retaliated with the shrapnels and tear gas shells, I see it as a sparrow with no handcuffs and fetters and chirping the declaration of fidelity. “On every page of life the heart saw inscribed chapters of your love and fidelity “ (Faiz Ahmad Faiz) The nemesis, the cup bearer never blames/recognises the wine, it always holds the drunk responsible for the mayhem. The nemesis never recognises the freedom, never tries to understand the euphoria and elation, it holds the poet responsible for the misdoing and the rebel responsible for the revolution. “The sovereign of love’s sorrows never went away

though the heart witnessed revolutions every day.” (Faiz Ahmad Faiz) Its not the stones, neither the slogans, its those heartbeats and faith that move them to put up a fight against the Goliath, that make love so beautiful; such that whatever we write for it, even if we scribble a few random thoughts, they reverberate of its boisterous stature. I have often realised that the actual words hardly make a sense, but its always the feeling in the backdrop, yearning for freedom, that smudges them with the poetic allure. Red and green dress, perfume of musk and soot, indeed that freedom must be beautiful, which even if unknown can squeeze a poets heart to write volumes for it. “Colour: the name of your dress Perfume: the name your hair flowing in the wind The season of the flowers is the name of Your appearance on the balcony” (Faiz Ahmad Faiz) The resistance resides in the random inscriptions of a poet as much as it resides in the convictions of a leader, only a little less than the valour of the martyr. If you can’t find it in yourself, find it in a poem written with bloody fingertips dipped in a heart. “So long as there’s blood in my heart, with my tears I’ll go on creating the colours of the beloved’s face” (Faiz Ahmad Faiz) The tongue will be cut, the throats will be choked but that heart shall always be free to beat and bleed. “Whenever they control our speech by stapling our lips the atmosphere resounds even more with the songs of freedom” (Faiz Ahmad Faiz) *Faiz Ahmad Faiz was a famous revolutionary poet of Pakistan who wrote in Urdu language Writer is an author and social activist, he is a student of medicine and practices in Kashmir


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HEALTH CARE

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Medical Benefits of Ramadhan DR AABID ALTAF WANI

Fasting During Ramzan Improves the health and stamina, so enjoy your fasting. But Muslims don’t fast because of health benefits but because it has been ordained to them in the Quran. The medical benefits of fasting are as a result of fasting. Fasting in general has been used for medical reasons including weight management, for rest of the digestive tract, and for lowering lipids. There are many adverse effects of the total fasting as well as so called crash diets. Islamic fasting is different from such diet plans because in Ramzan fasting, there is no malnutrition or inadequate calorie intake. The calorie intake of Muslims during Ramzan is at or slightly below the standard requirement guidelines. Ramzan is a month of self regulation and self training with the hope that this training will last beyond the end of Ramzan. If the lessons learned during Ramzan, whether in terms of dietary intake or righteousness are carried on after Ramzan, It is beneficial for ones entire life. More over the

type of food taken during Ramzan does not have any selective criteria of crash diets such as those which are protein only or fruits only. Everything that is permissible is taken in moderate quantities. The only difference between Ramadan and total fasting is the timing of food; during Ramadan we basically miss lunch and take an early breakfast and do not eat until dusk. Abstinence from water during this period causes concentration of all fluids within the body producing slight dehydration. The body has its own water conservation mechanism; in fact, it has been shown that slight dehydration and water conservation improve longevity. The physiological effects of fasting includes lowering of blood-sugar, lowering of cholesterol and lowering of systolic blood pressure; in fact Ramadhan fasting would be an ideal recommendation for treatment of mild to moderate, stable, non- insulin diabetes, obesity and essential hypertension. Muslims must give heed to the prophet’s saying that if one slanders you say I am fasting; this psychological improvement could be related to better stabilization of blood during fasting as hypoglycemia after eating aggravates behavior changes. There is a beneficial effect of extra prayers at night there are 10 extra calories output for each rikat of the prayer; again we do not pray for exercise but a mild movement of

the joints with extra calorie utilization is just a spin off. Ramadhan is a month of Supplication , Sympathy and self training with the hope that this training will last beyond the end of Ramadhan. As far as sympathy is concerned fasting teaches a man what basic human requirements are. It makes him aware of hunger and thrist. During Ramadhan a dramatic change comes over believers .They are seen sitting inside mosques reciting the holy Quran immersed in prayer and the remembrance of God .They become more detached and contemplative.Ramadhan is thus a process of self regulation of a believer.He can look forward applying the lessons learnt during Ramadhan to everyday life. If the lessons learned during this month, whether in terms of dietary intake or righteousness are carried on afterwards, It is beneficial for ones entire life. Aejaz Iqbal (Microbiologist) Nadihal Bandipora aijazsmile@gmail.comDr Aabid Altaf Wani is a medical doctor and can be mailed draabidwani@gmail.com


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SPORTS

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Ireland vs Pakistan: Sarfraz Ahmed pleased with ‘character’ shown by young batsmen Imam-ul-Haq, Babar Azam Dublin: Pakistan captain Sarfraz Ahmed praised the character of young batsmen Imam-ul-Haq and Babar Azam after they ensured his decision to enforce the follow-on in Ireland’s inaugural Test did not backfire. Only three times in the 141year history of Test cricket have a side won after following-on but when Pakistan were 14 for three, chasing a modest 160 to win on Tuesday’s final day of this stand-alone match, it seemed Ireland might mark their entry into the format with a stunning success. But 22-year-old left-handed opener Imam, himself making a Test debut, responded to the pressure of the situation with a composed 74 not out — his third fifty of the tour following half-centuries in warm-up matches against Kent and Northamptonshire. Together with the 23-yearold Babar, who made 59 after being dropped on nine shortly after lunch, he shared a stand of 126 that took Pakistan to the brink of an eventual five-wicket win over a competitive Ireland side. The way Imam in particular coped under grey skies against some lively pace bowling was an especially heartening sign for Pakistan ahead of their upcoming two-Test series in England, where conditions are likely to be similar to those they encountered at Dublin’s Malahide. It also meant

Pakistan had not failed in a run chase again. Their previous Test, against Sri Lanka in the UAE in October, saw them beaten after a target of 136 proved beyond them as left-arm spinner Rangana Herath took six wickets for 43 runs. “Definitely we were worried when we were down 14 for three,” Sarfraz told reporters. “But it’s really good that these two young players in our team, Imamul-Haq and Babar Azam, the way they played, they showed their character, they showed their confidence. “I think the way they played gives great confidence to the team and will help them in the next matches as well,” the wicket-keeper added. Pakistan were reeling after losing three wickets inside five overs and their skipper feared another morale-sapping loss was at hand. “You know previously it’s not happened like this,” admitted Sarfraz. “In the last Test match when we were chasing 136 and we were all out for about 120. “Yeah we were thinking when we called for the follow-on if we were batting in the fourth innings it would be very difficult,” he added. Pakistan, understandably enough, have been struggling to replace the likes of retired veteran batsmen Misbah-ul-Haq and Younis

Khan. But Imam, whose selection for the tour led to allegations of nepotism given he is the nephew of Pakistan selection chief and former Test batsman Inzamam-ul-Haq, didn’t just hold his nerve but counter-attacked with a maturity belying his lack of experience.” And with Faheem Ashraf, Pakistan’s other debutant, making 83 in the first innings to take the tourists to beyond 300, Sarfraz was in buoyant mood. “We are very confident. We

are a very young side, we had two debutant players, but we were very confident whatever the target will come, we will chase it down. “At 14 for three there was a little bit of concern but the way Imam and Babar Azam were as a collective, it was very important the way these two young players are batting. “I think it’s very good for Pakistan as a team to chase this on the fifth day.”

Kashmir pen issue 20 vol 3  
Kashmir pen issue 20 vol 3  
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