Scepter Kingsborough Community College
by Marlene Gomez
Financial Aid for many is crucial for education success. Without the aid of Pell Grants many students cannot afford to go to college and pursue their careers. A hearing was held at Baruch College March 25th to shed light on the importance of maintaining the funds for CUNY students. Students from various CUNY colleges and the media were in attendance. US Senator Charles Schumer (D-NY) and CUNY Chancellor Matthew Goldstein were also present and spoke in favor of necessary funding to CUNY. Schumer expressed how vital the funds are for CUNY students and what damage this could do not only to the students, but New York and America as a whole. “Under the plan already approved by the house, Pell Grants would be reduced by 15% a significant cut that would make paying for college more difficult. A college education is a necessity that is priced like a luxury. We cannot have that in this New York because what is America and what is New York if not the American dream? What is the American dream that says no matter who you are, what your last name is, what you look like, what background you came from if you work hard you can climb that ladder and achieve a decent life of dignity for you, your family, and your children?” Schumer said. According to Schumer the programs are not only fair, but by providing help to those who deserve to go to college it allows Continued on page 5
o Gr a m i n
The City University of New York
Je o Pa r
Photograph by Marlene Gomez US Senator Charles Schumer (D-NY), flanked by CUNY students, addresses crowd in support of the Pell Grant program.
St Ud e n t a t t it Ud e S t o w a r d S Ho mo PHo bia “t He GUl F o il SPil l : a y e a r l a t e r ” By Maria Panskaya
Students were able to feel free to express their opinions and to debate homophobia and other LGBT issues at the Homophobia Open Panel hosted by the LGBT Alliance and KCC students. This event would not taken place in KCC 40-50 years ago, because homosexuals were not accepted by society. “Students wouldn’t be standing and talking about homosexuality and gay marriage back then, but the world is changing,” said Thomas Logan, vice president of the Caribbean Club. ‘Homophobia’ is a range of negative attitudes towards homosexuals and hostile behaviors such as discrimination and violence. One of the questions raised during the meeting was about whether gay marriage is right or wrong. A majority of the audience supported gay marriage and think there is nothing wrong with it. “I do support gay marriage, because I do not believe in judgment,” said Nydia Byrd, a KCC student. Some people say they like gay people, but marriage is for a man and a woman. Moreover, many people consider it to be immoral and inappropriate for gay people to express their feelings in public such as holding hands or kissing. “Preventing gay people from getting married makes it even more desirable for them and that is the fundamental problem,” said Byrd. The Civil Rights
Movement gave freedom and equal rights to African Americans; the Women’s Revolution established equality between men and women; the Constitution makes all people equal; however, homosexuals are still fighting for their rights. During the discussion about same sex marriages, Michael A. Maldonado, president of the LGBT Alliance at Kingsborough said, “Sometimes, gay people are not allowed to get married in Catholic churches in the U.S., so they have to go either to Canada or to the state where gay marriages are legal. Denial of marriage rights to gay couples violates the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment, the freedom of expression established by the 1st Amendment and if the language of the law in question is theological, the Establishment Clause as well. State laws are legitimate and the religious institutions should not be involved in state matters. “I grew up knowing that I was gay, and I grew up knowing that I wasn’t allowed to get married,” said Maldonado. The aspect of religion was one of the hottest topics in the discussion. Every religion has its own attitude towards gay people. Islamic theology, for instance, says that gay people should be stoned or dropped off a cliff. The bible explicitly condemns homosexuality in several Continued on page 4
e Co -Fe St iVa l l e Ct Ur e
by Robin Frankel
Thomas Bronson, a speaker at Kingsborough’s Eco-Festival gave a speech titled “The Gulf Oil Spill: A Year Later” on Friday, April 15, 2011. Bronson is the Communications Branch Chief of the Assessment and Restoration Division of the National Ocean Service, which is part of NOAA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. This means he had an important role in the Gulf Oil Spill cleanup effort. Bronson started off by giving some background on the Gulf of Mexico: “It’s responsible for 52 percent of the oil production in the [United States]. Six of the top ten shipping ports come from the Gulf of Mexico. It contains over 40 percent of the wetlands in the US, which are important habitats along with the rest of the Gulf for 15000 species.” Then he went on to talk about the Deepwater Horizon oilrig, “It was a stateof-the-art rig and its purpose was to go and find the oil. The oil was three point five miles down so that’s a mile of water with two point five miles going through the sediment and rock. The rig had found a reservoir of highly pressurized oil and gas. They were packing it temporarily so that a production rig could come down and actually produce the oil when a series of events led it to explode. The oil surged up to the riser of the rig killing 11 people. It burned for
two days uncontrollably then the rig fell over and sank a mile down. When it sank it broke the riser and the largest oil spill in US history was released. When it was over after 86 days over 4 million barrels of oil, 40 gallons of oil in each barrel, over 200 million gallons of oil was released.” Bronson then pointed out the extent of the spill with a visual aid, “The oil slick on the surface of the gulf shifted due to wind and other weather conditions each day hitting as far as Alabama on the west and Florida on the east. It barely touched Mexico at all and it barely touched Texas. It hit beaches and wetlands.” The impact on the environment was very negative . Birds, such as pelicans, that are covered in oil can’t swim or fly so they drown. There was a 2000-year-old coral reef on the floor of the Gulf. Oil settled down and killed it along with all the marine life for which the reef is a habitat. Bronson explained that between 40 and 60,000 square miles of the Gulf of Mexico got contaminated and he put that in perspective by comparing it to New York State, which is 47000 square miles. The oil was a mile deep, went 50 miles offshore, and the leak lasted almost three months. He then described the efforts of the experts and environmental scientists at NOAA and the Coast Guard. Using an armada of helicopters and computer models Continued on page 4
Ke l l e r ’s Co r n e r
Co mmUn i Ca t i n G w i t H o Ur Fi n a n Ce & a d mi n i St r a t i o n o FFi Ce S
by Vice President William Keller
Welcome back hope everyone had a good Spring Break and enjoyed the time off! As you may know, Kingsborough’s Office of Finance & Administration consists of several departments such as Buildings & Grounds, Human Resources, Public Safety, Budgeting, Information Technology, the Performing Arts Center, Events Management and the Business Manager, which includes the Bursar’s Office and other administrative offices. We work tirelessly to maintain campus facilities, improve campus administrative services and maintain a safe environment for our students, faculty and staff. In the upcoming Fiscal Year 2011-2012 we will face a decrease in our budget from both the city and the state. We would like your feedback on how we can improve our campus, save money, and implement sustainability projects. We have implemented several initiatives to improve communications with students, faculty and staff. Listed below are the means by which you can communicate your questions, concerns and/or suggestions to our office: • F&A Facebook Page--The first initiative is a new F&A Facebook page (KBCC Finance & Administration) which was implemented at the start of the Spring semester. The site is used to communicate and to obtain feedback from the campus community. Please view the page, give us your feedback, and be sure to answer the question of the week! • Suggestions Email Address--The second initiative is our general email address email@example.com. Using this email address, you can forward comments, complaints and/or suggestions to my office. • Information Booth--Please also visit our Information Booth, which is located as you enter the U Building from the Traffic Circle. The booth is in close proximity to the Mail Room. The booth is open from 9am to 5 pm, Monday to Friday and is used to assist the campus community with directions and any campus related questions they may have. We look forward to corresponding with you through these initiatives and hope you will take the time to communicate your thoughts with the Office of Finance & Administration!
Student Gov’t Nominations LAST DAY Candidate Orientation
Campaigns Begin Academic Freedom 1 - 3pm | U-220
Campus Clean Up 12am - 3pm
Odyssey The Kingsborough Community College Yearbook
2001 Oriental Boulevard Room M230 Brooklyn, NY 11235 Telephone: 718.368.5603 Fax: 718.368.4833
Needs: Designers, Photographers, Writers, Editors and other volunteers for the 2011 Yearbook
Ed i TOR-i N-Ch i EF Maria Bonello
Graduation Ball 7pm - 12am | MAC Rotunda
Bu Si NESS MANAGER Felix Guzman
SPORTS Ed i TOR Nicholas Nuzhny
The Scepter editors apologize for not having credited three photographs printed in the April edition of this year.
Ch i EF Ph OTOGRAPh ER Abe Ginsberg
•Michael McManus shot both of the images included in the “Nassau Lions Out-Roar the KCC Waves” article. •Christobal Deleon Jr. shot the group photo included in the “Student Government Strut Thier Stuff” article.
The Annual Carnival Cinco de Mayo 10am - 4pm | West Patio Albany Budget Battle Leon Goldstein Memorial Lecture 4pm | City Hall 10:20 - 11:20am | MAC Center Dean’s List Ceremony 4pm | PAC Talent Show 6 - 10pm | U-219/220
Rain date (SpringFest) CUNY Wellness Festival 10am - 4pm | U-219 Yoga Day 11:30am - 2pm | M-239
Party 6 - 10pm | U-219/220
Student Government Elections 24 25 Student Publications Awards 3 - 5pm | V-219 Party 6 - 10pm | U-219/220
PROd u CTi ON Ed i TOR Alan Hawkins
C o r r e Ct i o n S
Lecture on Sex Trafficing 1 - 3pm | M-239
Skin Cancer Prevention 10am - 2pm | Breezway End of Year Party 1:30 - 4pm | U-219/220
Come to room M-230 and sign up!
Student Government Campaigning 17 18
Domestic Violence Awareness 10am - 3pm | Overpass
Ph OTOGRAPh ERS Ryan Seaforth
V e n t S
Athletic Awards Dinner 5 - 7pm | MAC
STAFF WRi TERS Robin Frankel Marlene Gomez Shahbaz Khan Russell Kruzhkov Maria Panskaya Vanessa Walker Ad Vi SOR Levy Moore
Six Flags Trip 8am - 8pm | See Student Life
Peer Advisor Pinning 2 - 4pm | MAC East
13 PROd u CTi ON Ad Vi SOR Rob Wong
Campaigns & Elections End 26 27
Scepter is a publication of the students of Kingsborough Community College. It is not a college publication, therefore, the college is not responsible for its contents. All articles in Scepter remain the sole property of Scepter. To obtain reprint permission, please contact the editors. Scepter welcomes letters to the editors and opinions from the entire Kingsborough Community.
You Said It: ma
Jo r S
in t e d
iPl o ma S
i nterviews & Photographs by Charlette Williams
Community Colleges typically do not include fields of concentration on their diplomas. Some students are concerned that this may affect their chances to attend a fouryear college because transcripts are now being considered the official record of the student's course of study. For this reason, the diploma has become more of a ceremonial piece. The Board of Education should realize how important the diploma is to a studentâ€™s personal sense of accomplishment.
h ow do you feel about your concentration of study not being printed on your diploma?
"What are we going to college for? Just a piece of paper?" -Tyree Morning, Liberal Arts
"i think that's stupid, when i transfer to John Jay i want them to know what i studied" -Dana Williams, Criminal Justice
"i 'm transferring to a different school. i 'm dissappointed" -Mikhail Pruidze Graphic Design
"i 'm applying to different schools they will take my courses either way, i 'm indifferent" -Murat Orozaliyey, Liberal Arts
"i honestly don't care as long as i get my diploma" -Vitaliy Sarkisyan, Liberal Arts
"i 'm outraged! [i t's] terrible. i might as well have taken Art as my major" -Serge Avouanti, Surgical Technology
Ca mpu s a f f a ir s
ibe r a l
a r t S: a m a Jo r Co n FUSi o n
by i man Stevenson
Liberal arts, the major for the confused and the uncertain; for students who don’t have an inkling of which direction they are heading on their collegiate journey. The dumping ground major for the indecisive, wishywashy academics. The aforementioned statements have long been the lore associated with the liberal arts major and the “Liberal Arts: A Major Confusion” panel discussion was assembled in order to dispel the myths associated with the major. The room was brimming with a rather large turnout, so many students in fact that there were not enough seats to accommodate everyone. Several there willingly, but a quick skim of the room revealed professors taking attendance; baring the fact that a vast majority were there to fulfill a class assignment. The all-female panel was made up of college graduates who held degrees in majors other than liberal arts, only to later discover that they were too specialized and chose liberal arts the second time around. The first panelist was Marisa Joseph, a current Kingsborough advisor,
o o k S
By: Vanessa Walker
All types of technology are helping people get around on a daily basis. New phones are being launched to the public with apps and gadgets to make life easier. Technology now reaches into the classrooms of colleges and universities. Electronic books, also known as e-books, are a new digit medium for reading that is lighter and simpler. Amazon released their ereader, the Kindle, in November of 2007 while Barnes & Noble launched their own version of the eReader called the “Nook.” Sony provided three different types of eReaders to the public: the Pocket Edition, Touch Edition and Daily Edition. Majority of the student body know in great detail about eReaders and how beneficial they are . Even though the devices cost a pretty penny, some students feel it outweighs the cost of constantly buying large textbooks. Just one biology textbook coststhe same amount as a Sony Pocket Edition eReader near $200.
whose position encompasses career counseling, placement and transfer for students. She emphasized the significance of internships and highlighted how they provide work experience and can expand students’ network. The following panelist Margaret Gordon, went on to explain her journey from Jamaica to the United States. She arrived here as a teacher possessing a degree in education and currently works for the energy company National Grid. She spoke with ardor about liberal arts, “[liberal arts] prepares you for the world and broadens your scope.” She went on to describe how liberal arts degree holders are becoming just as competitive as other degree holders in prominent professions. Carlene Barnaby, a current professor at KCC also a native of Jamaica, had a background in performance arts. She got her start at Kingsborough and transferred to John Jay College and felt her journey to self-discovery being stunted. She now holds two masters degrees in sociology and criminal justice, and believes the exposure she got through the liberal arts major is what allowed her to pursue her degrees.
The final speaker, Robert Wagner who appeared to be a last minute addition to the panel, described his days as an accountant. A professor here at KCC, he too believed that he was too specialized as an accountant and saw that there was not much room for growth and that others were surpassing him in salary. For him well-rounded education, myriad liberal arts and the accompanying served him well in finding a career that suited him and had room for mobility. By and large the panel was informative. All of the panelists had extremely diverse careers, so it was a strong representation of the options that a student can have if they decide to pursue a liberal arts degree. What was not clarified were the hindrances that liberal arts degree-holders could potentially face. They all advocated for the major, but did not spell out how being too broad in your focus could serve as an impediment. However, Barnaby did make it clear that her intentions were not to sway the students that were certain in their career aspirations, but to ensure liberal arts majors and those that plan to pursue it that that path could be a fruitful one.
Gavroch Cadet, 20, owns a MacBook Pro and has no problem with eReaders. He finds it to be “easier than carrying heavy textbooks, cheaper, and easily accessible.” He explained that finding data for specific topics is more accessible through the internet than a textbook with over 600 pages. Suki Singh, of the Honors Society, says e-books are a cool technology and are cheaper than any hard copy book. However, certain content an only be viewed on some eReader devices. Professors are quite fond of e-books as well. The director of the Men’s Resource Center, Michael Rodriguez, says its “wonderful to use ebooks” and advises his students to use the devices for their classes. It’s easier to carry around and can store twice as many books. Jane Weiss, a professor in the English department, says she is very much for e-readers in her classroom. She provides hyperlinks for stories on Blackboard for her students in her literature class. Jane Weiss
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explained that e-books are “more environmental” because textbooks constantly have new updates and new editions and it’s a waste of paper. “I just hope [e-books] continue to stay less expensive and hope publishers keep them affordable,” Weiss said. She admires how well you can easily customize eReaders to fit your needs and make it more effective from the illustrations displayed all the way to the font size. There were some students who were not for e-books and preferred hard copy textbooks. Alberto Del Moral, 19, says he likes the hard copy better because he can highlight whatever he needs to study. Stephanie Alvarez, 19, likes to be able to sell her books back and receive money in return. Bringing technology into the classroom seems to be all over Kingsborough campus. It helps students to save more money, lessen the weight in their bags, and make learning so much easier. Professors find it great to see an advancement that makes teaching easier for them as well.
“t He GUl F o il SPil l ...”
Continued from cover to provide overflights and trajectory analysis, Bronson explained, they were able to tell the Coast Guard where the oil was heading and when it was likely to make landfall so that the Coast Guard would know when and where to be. Bronson said, “We also used lot of maps of the region showing where there was fresh water and where there was salt water because different techniques were used to get rid of the oil depending on [the salinity].” He then talked about the different techniques that were used and stressed that “the techniques were only minimally effective. Largely nature takes care of itself. For instance the best thing to do in marshland is nothing. We used skimmer boats to skim the oil off the surface of the water, which is one of the least effective techniques. We used chemical dispersants to break down the oil. A lot of these techniques are made to work in calm water but the water in the Gulf is rarely calm.” Bronson then moved on to the impact on the species. “The impact was worst on the most vulnerable of the species; the elderly fish and the very young fish. A tradeoff had to be made: the Mississippi River levees were opened in order to dilute the oil. The species that was worst hit was oysters because they have a very small range of salinity in which they can live and the river is fresh water emptying into the salt water Gulf. We used overflights to count the number of animals in the water and many turtles and dolphins washed up dead. Ironically, over 300 were dead before the oil hit the shoreline. Shrimp fisherman were trying to gather as much shrimp as they could before the oil hit and they weren’t obeying the rules to protect turtles from being caught in their shrimp nets. We don’t know how many dolphins died from the oil.” Next, Bronson stressed that it’s perfectly safe to eat fish that were caught in the gulf. “We took a lot of fish samples. We analyzed the fish to see how their bodies handle oil that was taken in and we didn’t find oil in the fish. Chemicals found in the oil were not found in edible fish.” Lastly, he talked about restoration efforts, “The most important part was restoration of habitats. It’s like that Kevin Costner movie Field of Dreams, ‘If you build it, they will come.’ We rebuilt marshes, created oyster reefs, and removed debris from the water.”
St Ud e n t a t t it Ud e S t ow ar dS
Ho mo PHo bia Continued from cover
versus such as Leviticus 20:13, where it states "If there is a man who lies with a male as those who lie with a woman, both of them have committed a detestable act; they shall surely be put to death. Their bloodguiltness is upon them" Gay people face harsh discrimination in almost all religions. Gay couples adopting children appeared to be the most controversial issue. Many students were supportive, although there were some people who thought that gay couples should not be allowed to adopt. “I know some students, who have two fathers or two mothers, and they are scared to talk about this issue,” said Logan. “Because of their ‘unusual’ household, they do not communicate with others, and as a result, they are antisocial.” “Being gay and growing up in our society is hard, but we do not stop doing something because it’s hard, we continue trying to encourage LGBT people [to] not be ashamed of who they are," said Maldonado.
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Continued from cover these students to strengthen the economy and make the United States more competitive with countries around the world. Pell is the largest form of financial aid to help low income undergraduates and certain post baccalaureate students pay for their education. Schumer stressed how crucial the role of the grants serves in society. “In CUNY alone, more than 1/3 of its undergraduates attend college with full tuition covered under Pell and state tap grants” he said. CUNY Chancellor Matthew Goldstein was in strong favor of keeping these funds for the CUNY students mentioned how the country cannot be a competitive country unless the youth of America are educated and the sad reality is that many of the lower income youth cannot afford to complete their education should these cuts take effect. According to Goldstein having these cuts would place financial challenges for a good majority of students and force them to make decisions between going to college, paying rent, buying food, and taking care of a young child at home. “127,000 students at CUNY alone are now Pell Grant recipients. Taking 845 dollars out of their pockets I assure you will have a chilling effect on the large numbers of students that we want to stay here at CUNY to help them finish their degree and launch their professional lives” the chancellor said. Goldstein went on to introduce a few CUNY students who spoke in support of maintaining the Pell Grant grants. Many of them are hardworking and top students at their colleges who feel without their grants they would not be where they are today. Warleny Colon, a child of Dominican immigrant and student at Queens college spoke of how important the CUNY funding is to her and its importance for CUNY as a whole. Colon a student leader, is the first in her family to attend college and is expecting to graduate this fall with a BS in Biology and a minor in French. “None of what I accomplished would be possible without my Pell funding. New Yorkers have turned to Pell Grants to pay for college education in the minutes of several economic down-
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turns. They have seen this as a venue to better employment and a more secure future. A college education has never been more important to finding meaningful and gainful employment.” said Colon. Isirikoufoulou Sibabi Akpo Kamou also known by “Izzy” is a student at Bronx Community College and Vice President of the Student Government Association at his school. An immigrant from Togo, is a Chemistry Major who intends to transfer to a four year school at CUNY to pursue his Bachelor’s Degree. He is a full Pell Grant recipient and like Colon, relies on Pell Grants to further his education. “I came to this country with the hope to have better education and better life, but also with the fear that the college is expensive. However, two years ago I was able to overcome my fears of attending college thanks to Pell Grants. Right now, I don’t have anything else, but what I have and I’m proud of is my education. He went on to say the only way to ensure minorities and many Americans all over have higher education is to sustain the Pell Grants. “Reducing Pell Grants is to take the opportunity from minorities like me to pursue their studies, to have a college degree and then to achieve their goals.” said Izzy. Yasemin Kizil a student at Baruch College and an active member in her college explains that being a full Pell Grant recipient means a lot to her as her father is the only person in her household who works full time and supports all of her family. “All of these opportunities are afforded to me because of the Pell Grants. I’m able to fully participate here in my Baruch family because I receive Pell Grants.” Kizil said. Kevin McKessey a student at Medgar Evers College and active member of five student organizations is expecting to graduate with a Bachelor’s Degree in Business Management. To him like the other students, none of these opportunities would be possible without the funding afforded to him through the Pell Grants program. “The Federal Pell Program provides more than 4 billion to the African American community and college students each
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year. Without the assistance of the Pell Grant program, hundreds of thousands of African American students would not be able to afford college. Any reductions to the Pell award would have devastating consequences for myself, other students, and future students. It’s the lifeline for thousands of students seeking higher education” said McKessey. Washieka Torres a student at the College Of Staten Island is a proud full Pell Grant recipient. Torres said if she was not receiving Pell, she could not afford the cost of education, transportation, and any other costs associated. “When my mother was laid off from her job two years ago we weren’t sure I would be able to afford to complete my degree at CSI. However, when I reapplied for financial aid and I indicated on my fafsa that my mother was a displaced worker I was relieved to find out that Pell would cover my tuition and I would be able to participate in college work study which is a program that allowed me to pay for my commute to campus. For me and thousands of CUNY families like mine a fully funded Pell program makes a critical difference” said Torres. Cuomo recently called his actions part of a “new era”, but how can removing necessary education funding for lower income students be part of a new era when it hurts many students’ chances of gaining a valuable education and advancing themselves in the world? The governor also told the press that the budget would set New York on a new course after decades of overspending and overtaxing. Taxing the city’s wealthiest New Yorkers should have been one of the top options rather than removing money for those who cannot afford to even attend college or pay for their own healthcare. The ultimate decision hurts a good majority of students. It was announced in April that lawmakers have approved Cuomo’s Budget Plan to cut spending in education and healthcare. Cuts can start as early as July 2011. The outcome is yet to be seen. “Several decades ago Congress in its wisdom said, if you deserve to go to college, if you have the grades and qualify for college, you should be able to afford it and we will help you afford it.” said Schumer.
Ca mpu s a f f a ir s
i n G S b o r o U G H
by Nicholas Nuzhney
On KCC’s predominantly safe campus, crime statistics posted on the college’s website indicate that the leading crimes committed on campus between 2007 and 2009 were drug offenses and burglaries. As the weather gets more pleasant and accommodating, students and employees of KCC will pass thick clouds of marijuana smoke around campus, all too reminiscent of last spring and summer. However, those “criminals” are often too lazy to pose a threat to your safety, so don’t fret, just keep walking. According to Lieutenant Greene, of the Department of Public Safety marijuana violations constituted the majority of drug offenses, though in his opinion Kingsborough doesn’t have a drug issue. In 2007, there were 24 drug law arrests on campus, with three additional drug law violation referrals and one liquor law violation referral. There were also four reported burglaries, as well as single cases of aggravated assault and arson in the same year. However, in 2008, there was a sharp rise in the number of burglaries on campus, which led the statistics as the most popular crime that year, with 23 cases. Drug law arrests followed with a total of 11, as well as three drug law violation referrals, and two liquor law arrests. Two additional cases of aggravated assault were recorded, both reported to the New York Police Department (NYPD), which works together with the Department of Public Safety (DPS). There were also five arrests for illegal weapons possession and a case of motor vehicle theft. Greene mentioned that the rise in burglaries in 2008 could have been attributed to the fact that the DPS changed the classifications of larcenies to burglaries that year and that the next step was educating the community on the subject; which appeared successful as the number of burglaries, declined drastically. Alex Soto, a KCC student in his fourth semester said, “I haven’t had a problem so far.”
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Drug law arrests declined in 2009 with a total of six all year, and only one drug law violation referral was made. Also, only six cases of burglary were reported. There was a rise in the category of forcible sex offenses though, with four. There were only two illegal weapons possession arrests, less than half of the amount from the previous year. Nicole Shaw, another KCC student who has been attending since last summer and has not experienced any problems with safety on campus, added “I’m actually in a woman’s self defense class [at KCC] which makes me feel a little safer.” The DPS hosted a Town Hall meeting for the Kingsborough Community on April 15. The meeting covered safety and security on campus as well as possible changes for the future. The range of topics included: the college’s bicycle patrol officers, fire safety directors, the appointments of new
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emergency medical technicians, a central console upgrade, 100% ID checks, assessment and care team, CUNY alert, the emergency response manual, an increased coverage of CCTV, emergency evacuation phones, the community outreach program, emergency preparedness drills, year-to-date statistics and public safety emergency contact information, which can be found all over campus. A second meeting will be held on May 2 to make this information available to anyone who missed the first one Greene had only good things to say, stating: “It’s an extremely safe and secure campus, when you look at the other campuses, we [KCC] have an open campus but yet we pretty much have a really good control of who comes on and who doesn’t and as you can see you can go anywhere without any major situations.”
Photograph by Nicholas Nuzhney Kingsborough’s finest at work gaurding the campus entrance.
a Ut i Sm & d i Sa b i l by Marlene Gomez
There were blue lights glowing throughout the office of D205 at KCC on April 5th. The symbolic blue lights were in recognition of Autism Awareness Day which is recognized by many nationally on April 2nd. In honor of Autism and Disabilities Awareness Month, Access Ability Services held an open house to support Autism Speaks and provide information about their services. Food and refreshments along with handouts were readily available to welcome interested attendees and students. Stella Woodroffe program manager at Access Ability Services, lead the event and said the inspiration behind the event was to educate and spread awareness about Autism that affects many students around campus and throughout the world. In addition, Woodroffe said the purpose of the open house was to encourage students with disabilities and without to come forth with any questions that they may have. “This is our kickoff event for the activities we’re going to have for Disabilities Awareness Month. We are just having an open house where people can come in and ask questions either about Access Ability Services, about disabilities in general, or about Autism. We are going to have handouts. It is all a part of educating people about Autism.” Woodroffe said. Some students with disabilities may become discouraged and confused as to what options they have in school as many of them are not aware of their rights and the schools’ responsibility to provide this information to them. That is why it is important that students ask questions in regard to disability services at their school so that they do know what they are eligible for and how they can be better assisted while attending school. If not enough information is readily available, then the school is at fault because they are responsible for guiding these students who may need extra help. By law however, it is not an option. It is mandatory for all educational institutions to provide the proper accommodations for students with disabilities. “All schools are required to provide accommodations for students with disabilities so they can compete on equal footing with students without disabilities. So that is why this office exists so we provide service and accommodations so that they have equal access to all the programs and events that the college has,”
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a w a r e n e SS Ho n o r e d
said Woodroffe. Autism is a brain disorder that is often described as a complex as this disorder disrupts a person’s ability to effectively communicate with others, respond to their surroundings and presents difficulty for them in forming relationships with others. One form of Autism is Aspergers. “In Autism in particular, especially Aspergers, colleges across the country are having a rise, seeing an increase in the number of students that have Aspergers. And because it is a relatively new phenomenon very often colleges aren’t equipped to deal with it. Professors don’t
above normal levels of intelligence. However, it does affect their social interaction and communication.” Some people suffering from this disability may have occasional outbursts; Woodroffe explained why, “There are times when there will be outbursts because a lot of times they have difficulty modulating their emotions. Anxiety and depression are very often promoted with Autism. Another one of the main differences between Autism and Aspergers is a person with Autism usually wants to be left alone and they don’t want to be bothered. Individuals with Aspergers want to
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dividuals with Disabilities (VESID). They recently changed their name to ACCES which is the Adult Career Continuing Education Services. The agency is for individuals to find work and not necessarily students. The agency is in every state and it’s federal money that’s used to get people with disabilities working so that they become productive in society. CUNY currently has something called CUNY Leads program that’s CUNY wide that specifically helps CUNY students with disabilities to be placed in job positions.” Autism did not stop some notable people from accomplishing great things and being ac-
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knows no gender or race. It can affect anyone. “We may all need different things than other people to get by day to day, but deep down inside we are just like you all” said KCC student William Martinez. In addition to the open house there were a series of events held throughout April to cater to the students with disabilities and give them additional activities to indulge in here on campus. The 1st Annual Art Exhibit and Workshop took place followed by the Commissioner of the Mayor’s office for people with disabilities, Matthew Sapolin, giving a keynote address. There was also a workshop
Photograph by Marlene Gomez From left to right: Stella Woodroffe (Program Manager Access Ability Services), Dr. Angela Alvarado Coleman (Senior Director for Student Support, Dean Student Affairs) and Dr. Ramos (Director of College Discovery)
know how to deal with a student with Aspergers. Students in general don’t understand what Aspergers is and why students are acting the way they are.” Woodroffe said. Aspergers, also known as High Functioning Autism, is one of the most common forms of Autism, However, many people do not know that there is a significant difference between a person who is Autistic and a person who merely has a form of Autism, such as Aspergers. Woodroffe elaborated on the difference: “The main difference between Aspergers and Autism is students who are diagnosed with Aspergers tend to be of normal to
socialize they just don’t do it well and because of that, often they’re not included. That causes a lot of anxiety and depression. They want to be able to interact and socialize, but they don’t get the social peers right. It does not come off right and sometimes people misunderstand.” A lot of people may wonder what are the opportunities available to them? Is employment offered to them in the same manner as people without disabilities? There are agencies designed specifically for students with disabilities. In addition, Woodroffe had this to say, “The first place to start is an agency like Vocational And Educational Services for in-
knowledged in the world. Temple Grandin is a well known American doctor of animal science and professor at Colorado State University who lives with High Functioning Autism. She was listed as one of the most influential people in the world by Time in 2010. Cycle 9 America’s Next Top Model contestant Heather Kuzmich entered the competition with Asperger’s Syndrome and though she experienced ridicule from the other contestants she fared well in the competition. Though she was eliminated from the program, she still received many offers and eventually signed modeling cotract. This is proof that Autism
to help students with disabilities become better advocates for themselves. Ms. Woodroffe emphasised that it is the students’ responsibility to come to them and let them know if they have a disability. They also have to bring proper documentation of their disability and then discussion of what they’re entitled to can begin. Faculty and students with questions can stop by D205 anytime. “We’re doing this to get the word out and encouraging students to ask us questions about disabilities, what they’re entitled to and what they’re not, and complaints. We need to hear about it,” said Woodroffe.
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by Kari Ford
For a third consecutive year, Dr. Gail Levine, and Professor Juan Franquiz of the physical education department hosted Camp Physical Education, Recreational and Recreational Therapy (P.E.R.R.T.). The program aims to teach students how to enjoy nature without hurting it in any way, as part of Eco-Fest on April 14. They set up games, pitched tents, cooked and ended the day with campfire songs. Prof. Franquiz’s camp counselor course, taught students who are aspiring to be gym teachers and, of course, camp counselors, “cooperative games” to get students involved. Dr. Levine explained that cooperative games are, “games where there’s no winners and no losers. Everyone’s just playing for fun. There’s no competition, and if there is, everyone wins.” They played a game called “wizards, elves and giants” which is a mix between rock, paper, scissors and tag. Another game was called “streets and alleys” in which students lined up in rows of about five with their arms out. When facing the building, they were streets, then they would turn and become alleys. Two students were playing tag, only allowed to run through the streets and alleys, and not to break through the students’ linked arms. There were also had a demonstration on how to pitch a dome tent, and those attending had to work together to do it on their own. One student, Allen McFarland, enjoyed these activities very much. “The recreation time gave me great leisure. I had a great time. Thanks to Dr. Skirka and Prof. Bracco,” said McFarland, KCC student. After the games, Dr. Levine and Prof. Bracco, among others,
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started up the grill for camp cooking. They offered organic turkey sausages, (meaning there are no antibiotics or added hormones), and organic whole grain buns. For vegetarians like Dr. Levine, there were tofu pups, which are mini hot dogs made from soybeans. After all the healthy food, they offered messy s’more sandwiches. Mehdi Benkada, another student who enjoyed the event thought “the food was great.” To close the event, the students sat in a circle and sang campfire songs together. They started off with “He’s Got The Whole World In His Hands.” After that, they moved on to interactive songs, where there were actions to go along with the lyrics. They sang songs like One student learns to pitch a tent as others look on. “She’ll Be Comin’ ‘Round The Mountain,” “Tarzan” and “Bear Hunt”. At first the students were a little shy about doing the actions and singing along, but after a while they opened up. By the end, they all seemed to be having a great time. They finished the day with a song everybody knows, “Kumbaya.” Overall, Dr. Levine and Prof. Franquiz were very pleased with how the day turned out. According to Dr. Levine, every year the event falls on a beautiful sunny day. Both believe that the most important part of the day was not the weather, but the students involved. Prof. Franquiz said they’re, “Great students, wonderful majors. They made it happen.” Dr. Levine continued by saying, “That’s what makes a great rec. major [helping out].” Prof. Franquiz pointed out that this would be the students’ “first rec. job without even realizing Tag is a timeless classic by any name. it,” and promoted the profession by saying, “having fun while you’re working, what better job could there be?”
Photograph by Kari Ford Dr. Levine leads the students in song.
Photograph by Kari Ford
Photograph by Kari Ford
Photograph by Kari Ford This student wants s’more.
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Amazing Race photographed by Joe Tudtud Campus Clean Up & Impromptu Modelling photographed by Nicole Halsey
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a Fl a SH Fr o m t He Pa St by Vanessa Walker
Black and white photos held a meaningful tone as they were posted up on the walls in the Kingsborough Art Gallery located in the lobby of the S building. Kingsborough was happy to present historic treasures from the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. Nicholas Natanson photographed African Americans claiming citizenship during the rough times of the New Deal and Great Depression. His work, The Black Image in the New Deal: The Politics of FSA Photography, captured the moments African Americans accomplished through both working and learning positions. Each photo held distinct memories from the early 1930’s and 1940’s. The detailed images show various emotions that are relatable to our present lives and even more so relatable to African Americans who struggled through the time of racism and segregation. Under each picture were small explanations and dates. Maya Jimenez, a professor in the Art department, brought her art history class on a mini field trip and showed her students her great admiration for the photography. “It’s very timely in relevance since we’re in a second grade depression right now,” she said. She described the photos as timeless, detailed and subtle with a “sense of age.” Tatiana Innocent, a KCC student, shared her thoughts about the work. “[The pictures] send
serious emotions and speak in different levels because of the color. I can see that we’re taking advantage of what we have now and see how difficult the times were back then,” she said. A handful of the photographs featured blacks and whites interacting with each other. In a photograph from late 1942, a white man is showing an AfricanAmerican man how to vote. Another photograph from 1938, shows Nat Williamson, the first African-American to receive a loan under the Bankhead-Jones farm tenant act. Most pictures displayed African Americans gaining knowledge that most had been previously been deprived of. Ten children, all with books in their laps, were learning to read in a Negro elementary school during Young man earning his pay chopping wood 1942. The Civilian Conservation Corps was established by the New Deal to provide work relief for unmarried and unemployed men, by 1938, ten percent were African-Americans. Two parents were photographed reading a letter from their son concerning his discharge from the organization. There were Negro literacy classes provided for adults; even a photo of a blind African American learning to write. Through all the struggles African Americans have gone through, Nicholas Natanson’s work shows that they had the ability to conquer great achievements despite the boundaries. The art gallery is open until May 4th so do not forget to take a walk through!
Photograph by Ryan Seaforth Original photograph by Nicholas Natanson
Photograph by Ryan Seaforth Original photograph by Nicholas Natanson African American students taking a science course.
Photograph by Ryan Seaforth Original photograph by Nicholas Natanson Two parents read about their son’s discharge from the CCC.
Photograph by Ryan Seaforth Original photograph by Nicholas Natanson A music class in session.
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by Russell Kruzhkov
KCC proudly held their sixth annual EcoFestival to provide students and teachers with a forum to explore the issues of poverty, health and sustainable development in a global context. The conference was designed to educate, motivate and inspire action. Eco-Festival is comprised of a diverse body, constituted by students and faculty from many disciplines, community leaders, and environmental activists, artists and writers. This year ’s theme “Sustaining Waters”, welcomed a wide range of guest speakers to discuss ecology and the environment, including Derek Denckla and Dr. Adeline Apena. The theme of “Sustaining Waters” was a direct response to the catastrophic Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico on April 22, 2010 – the petroleum industry’s largest in history – which claimed eleven lives and more importantly is taking an incalculable toll on the marine life of the Gulf; and alerted us to the devastating impact human activities can have on marine ecosystems. It's not often you have the privilege of living next door to an environmentalist like English Professor Robert Cowan does. “Practically every time we bump into each other on the stoop,” said Cowan while introducing Denckla to the podium. “We end up talking for fifteen to twenty minutes about something important and I come away learning something new.” Fortunately for KCC and the Eco-Festival, Cowan did not have to go far to an expert to speak on the environment and sustainability. Denckla, is the Founder of The Propeller Group, a sustainability consulting firm with a distinct focus on enhancing cultural production, green real estate and economic development. His latest project, Farm City, is an education and research group exploring new visions for urban agriculture that embrace any means of intervention necessary to promote a sustainable food system through farming, architecture, arts, design, discourse, education, cuisine, film and performance. Denckla's presentation, the aptly titled “Rising Tides & Empty Tables: The Nexus Between Watershed & Foodshed”, explored a variety of topics including sustainability, which he believed to be a term that has been subject to “tortured ambiguous discussion.” Denckla spoke about ‘sustainability’ being a word that is part of society's discourse, but is not 100 percent clear. “Hey, that's a really nice sweatshirt, looks great,” Denckla says, giving a comical example of the inexactness of the word. “But is it made of sustainable resources?” According to Denckla, sustainability is “really about time,” mentioning that human beings are finite creatures in time and it's up to us, human beings, to understand and control the impacts we have over time. “What makes human beings different than every other animal?” asks Denckla. “Is it because we talk? Is it because we walk on two legs? It's because
we're the only animal that really understand the future can be changed.” Denckla believes that human beings can actually change their actions and influence the way they behave over time – all of this can be accomplished by a general knowledge of the ecosystem. The main focus, however, of Denckla's presentation was water. In Denckla's presentation, he connected our food system to the water system, believing everything revolves around water. “The whole food system is based on using and distributing water,” he says. This main point segued into Denckla showing the audience a colorful and engaging PowerPoint presentation, fully equipped with a zooming user interface and striking slides, charts, graphs and photos. Water is a source of life, essential to all life. Water covers 70 percent of the earth’s surface and sustains 50 percent of the world’s species. Our oceans absorb nearly one-third of CO2 emissions. Yet, less than one percent of that water is protected. With the ever-growing worldwide population, estimated to grow to over 8 billion by 2050, fresh water depletion is on the rise. Denckla spoke about the rising tides and sea levels, which have risen five to nine inches, directly attributed to the use of fossil fuels. If this trend continues, by 2050, the sea level in New York City is projected to rise by two meters, roughly six feet.
Table provided by the US Geological Survey shows the percentage of useable water on earth.
“I was going to put an animation to show you how that puts Wall Street underwater,” jokes Denckla. “But I'll just let you visualize that.” Still, New York City continues to take initiative to protect its water. “Protecting New York City water at its source is the single most effective way to maintain high-quality water,” Caswell Holloway, the city’s environmental protection commissioner, said in a statement. “The new 15-year water supply permit will do just that.” He noted that New York was one of only five large cities to receive the majority of its water from unfiltered sources, as a result of the program. Following Derek Denckla's 40 minute long presentation was Dr. Adeline Apena to give her
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emotional speech “Africa: Water Usage, Scarcity and Pollution.” Apena's speech was a pleasant change of pace and topic – dealing with her personal affliction and hardships. Dr. Apena, a native of the Niger Delta, discussed the current water crisis in Africa. Nigeria, which is the largest wetland and third largest drainage basin in Africa, has been greatly traumatized by the petroleum industry. By 2015, 80 percent of South Africa's fresh water resources will be so badly polluted that no process of purification available in the country will be able to make it fit for consumption. “There is a very serious crisis in Africa,” says Dr. Apena. “Millions of people in Africa are stricken with preventable diseases every year because they lack what the developed world takes for granted – clean drinking water.” On top of the lack of clean drinking water, the drought in Africa is making useable water scarce, as well as affecting its sustainability. The Niger Delta, known for its incredibly wellendowed ecosystem, contains one of the highest concentrations of biodiversity on the planet; in addition to supporting abundant flora and fauna, arable terrain that can sustain a wide variety of crops (lumber or agricultural trees, and more species of freshwater fish than any ecosystem in West Africa), could experience a loss of 40 percent of its inhabitable terrain in the next thirty years as a result of extensive dam construction in the region and steady rise of desertification. Water is essential for all; but for the people in Africa, water is a national treasure. “Water defines the people of Africa,” says Dr. Apena, a Professor of African Studies. “Water is gold.” Dr. Apena describes the effects water has on the sociopolitical aspects of African culture, saying “Water defines you as a woman, water defines people according to their age and background.” Women, in the Niger Delta, took on the burden and responsibility in providing their families with water. “We do not have portable water in Africa, so the people rely on water from streams, from lakes, from wells, from rivers, from creeks,” Dr. Apena describes the difficult task families must make in order to provide water. “The people have to go very long distances, at least six kilometers, approximately 3.7 miles to obtain water.” She would embark on long, treacherous and exhausting journeys each day in order to provide water for her grandmother – having to endure distant walks in the hot sun, while carrying a bucket of water on her head. Dr. Apena had to do this all by herself. Environmental change begins with the individual and with proper education on the subject. During his presentation, Derek Denckla ironically had a plastic bottle of water and prior to taking a sip said “This actually represents a terrible use of natural resources but that's what we do when we move around in New York. We can't solve all the problems at once, so here I go drinking.”
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Back in the 90s “Mortal Kombat” (MK) was one of the most outstanding fighting games due to its brutal fighting style with more blood and gore than a slaughterhouse. After a number of titles MK went from a twodimensional to a three-dimensional fighting plane. This was a risky move and as a result, the hardcore fans of the game went on to other fighting games because MK hadn’t stayed true to what made it so popular. To put even more salt on the wounds, Midway studios (now called NetherRealm studios) delivered “Mortal Kombat Vs. DC Universe.” Not only was this a crossover, it was a teen rated game. Other than a small character roster, this hardly had anything in it that was MK. There were no fatalities, no dismemberment and no gallons of blood like before. After a lackluster response from MK Vs. DC U, the developers decided to get serious and make their next game a proper MK title. Along came the simply titled “Mortal Kombat” which was released on April 19th of this year for Xbox 360 and PS3 (sorry Wii owners). Is this game a solid contender for best fighting game of the year or is this an uppercut to a death spike? The new MK game is comprised of 26 fighters. There are two fighters confirmed to be available later as downloadable content. There are old favorites like Scorpion, SubZero, Reptile, Noob, Siabot, Kitana and many others. Every character has their own X-Ray move, alternate costume and fatalities. If you
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pre-ordered it at GameStop, you get Scorpion's classic costume from MK1 and his original fatality. The Best Buy pre-order grants you Subzero's classic costume and fatality. Some fighters might have more fatalities than others. Several fatalities and costumes can be unlocked from the Krypt, provided you have the proper amount of in-game coins. The Krypt has a new look as well. Moving around the Krypt is a bit disorienting but it’s nothing to get nauseated about. There are even a few surprises in the Krypt in addition to the unlockables. The game modes consist of the traditional arcade ladder, which is one on one, then you have tag ladder, which is two on two. Along with that you have smaller game modes called test your might, strike, sight and luck. More of these challenge game modes can be unlocked through the challenge tower. The challenge tower is easily the biggest tower the developers have ever created; a ridiculous 300 levels. These levels get progressively harder to the point of insanity. You have the opportunity to skip the levels, however the cost is a hefty chunk of coins. Coins are gathered by doing challenges, completing ladders and doing certain moves to get a bonus amount of coins. Another game mode is story-mode, which spans 16 chapters with different fighters. Many of the fighters you play have their own small story within the chapter. On the downside, if you have saved it, you have to watch the cut scene before playing it. There is no way to skip the cut scenes unfortunately.
There is online play in MK as well. Online games accommodate two to eight players. Up to eight players can fit into what is called the King Of The Hill mode. This mode is like a Netflix party, but instead of watching a movie or show with your friends, two people pit off against each other while up to six people can watch them fight. The audience can cheer for the fighters or boo and throw tomatoes at the screen. I am not joking about the tomatoes. After the fight is done, the loser and the audience can rate the match on a scale of one to ten. The rating translates to respect points, with enough of these and you can get achievements or trophies. When the judging is done, one new player will fight the winner and the winner must try and defend the throne. Online play is a blast, especially with friends. Beating someone who was all talk
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and no walk is satisfying. This is one of the best fighting games for bragging and trash talking. When it comes to graphics, this game has a top-notch look. The game uses Unreal Engine 3, which is the same engine that powers “Gears Of War.” Plus the game runs at 60 frames-per-second, even on a standard definition television it looks great. This is the best looking fighting game yet this year. In the end is “Mortal Kombat” worth a buy, is it just a rent, or should you forget it altogether? This game is a must have for all fans of the genre. If you are aching to get your hands on a new game but you don't want to dig too deep into your wallet right now, then rent it; but trust me you will get hooked. There is no reason not to buy this game. This is one of the best “Mortal Kombat” games to date.
Image provided by www.trmk.org
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by Shaka Williams A union of conservation advocates including, Defenders of Wildlife, International Fund for Animal Welfare, Humane Society International, Born Free U.S.A as well as the Born Free Foundation are calling for African Lions to be on the US endangered species list in order to effectively protect lions in their natural home; the savannahs of Africa. The union of conservation groups joined with the Department of the Interior to petition for lions to be listed under the Endangered Species Act. It’s clear that illegal wildlife trade is contributing to the decline of the wild lion population. “From 1998 through 2008, at least 7,445 wild lions were traded internationally with the United States, importing a minimum of 4, 021,” the groups said “Additionally, 64 percent of the 5,663 wild lions traded internationally for recreational hunting purposes were imported to the United States.”
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The United States is a major market for illegal wildlife goods. The products imported range from lion hides to actual living lions. Teresa Telecky, director of the wildlife department for the U.S Humane Society said in a statement “Americans thirst for exotic goods and trophies to hang on their walls is driving lions to extinction.” It was also acknowledged by Bob Irving, the senior vice president of conservation programs at Defenders of Wildlife that the other persistent causes for the decline in the lion population includes pesticide poisoning, habitat destruction and quarrels with humans. The population of lions in the wild has dropped over the past two decades by 48.5 percent to fewer than 40,000. Two thirds of the existing population are neither safeguarded nor stable over the long run. Only 586 foreign species are listed on the Endangered Species Act, and the time it would take to get lions on the list could be as
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much as two years. “The US government must recognize that African Lions are in danger of extinction throughout a
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significant portion of their range, acknowledge our nation’s significant role in the lion’s fate and bring greater scrutiny to all factors con-
Image provided by www.wallz4u.com
tributing to the decline of lion populations.” Mr. Irvin said The future of the King of the Serengeti rests in our hands.
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by Norihide Miyazaki
At the time when mercury lamps begin to light the KCC campus, most students and faculty are rushing to get home, but some are just arriving; George Laudadio is one of them. Laudadio,74, teaches English as a second language (ESL) at KCC during evening and weekend classes. Most of his students are adult immigrants and foreigners. “It does open up opportunities for other jobs, but also to feel better in the culture. I don't just teach language. I try to bring in culture,” said Laudadio. “A part of my philosophy is to be helpful to other people. Because of my unique experience of another culture, I think I can offer that to people.” Laudadio has a unique career. From 1963 to 1970, in his late twenties through early thirties, he was a Korean Catholic Missionary. “I changed my career for myself. The world changed in 1960s. The world in religion changed, the world in Catholic Church changed. My choice was then very much connected with the world changing,” said Laudadio. Since returning to the United States, he has held various positions such as working in the statistics department of a financial magazine, and office work at a taxi company. “The economic situation in New York keeps changing. I kept losing my job,” he said while smiling. In 2003 he retired from a full time job at Mount Sinai Hospital where he had been handling insurance budget billing and. It was then that he was asked by a friend to teach English at Kingsborough. His experience in Korea, “Mostly reflects on my language teaching. It didn't help me much when I worked
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for a hospital, and I also worked for some financial magazines. It didn't help me at all. But in my teaching, it helps me a lot,” said Laudadio. “When people listen to English speaking people it's not the same when they go out of the classroom. I had the same problem when I was studying Korean.” One day in his class an old cassette player played an airy music. It was “New York, New York” by Frank Sinatra. This is the way he tries to teach something beyond language. “Even though in other countries now everybody hears Frank Sinatra singing, when they come here, Frank Sinatra is like an American cultural event. Using Frank Sinatra, and other popular singers, popular songs it makes me feel that they can know as much as other Americans,” he said. He also uses newspapers, poetry, short stories and role-playing, which he calls Broadway, in his teaching. “I like to introduce people to the literary aspect of American culture of language,” he said.“ In terms of a gateway into the culture I think ESL class can offer more than only language, can offer opportunities to understand culture.” Evening and weekend ESL classes at KCC range from levels 0 through 8. Laudadio teaches level 8.According to the office of continuing education each class has between 25 and 35 students. Last year 6,500 students were enrolled. “He knows the right approach to students to study English as a second language,” said Artem A. Kozlov, who is a student from Russia. “He is interesting, intelligent, and professional in his area,” said Denis Gorbunov, from Kyrgyzstan. During Laudadio's seven-year career teaching at
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by Michael McManus Natasha Lvovich is a literature professor at Kingsborough Community College. She is the Codirector of the English as a Second Language (ESL) Program as well, and is fluent in three languages - English, French and Russian - and can also read Italian. How would one go about learning so many languages? “The secret is living it, not learning it,” Lvovich said. Basically, one must embrace not just the language, but the culture itself. Lvovich has certainly lived it. She was born and raised in Moscow, and went to a school that specialized in French studies. She went on to receive her Masters Degree from Moscow State Linguistic University in French Language, French Linguistics and Literature and Teaching Foreign Languages. Lvovich and her family fled Russia during the Cold War, which was an experience she described as both “tragic and comical.” Their reasons for leaving were not only political, they were also trying to escape the prevalent anti-Semitism in what was then the Soviet Union. Before coming to the United States, the Lvovich family had a six-month stay in Italy. Upon coming to the United States, Lvovich received her PhD in Applied Linguistics at Union University. In 1997, she had her first book published, “The Multilingual Self”. The book is essentially a collection of autobiographical essays, delving into the art of language and culture. “It’s about what it means to learn other languages and live in other cultures,” Lvovich said. “It’s a very emotional experience, not necessarily just cognitive or in-
Photograph by Michael McManus
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KCC, 380 students have completed his classes. “Teaching English is something enjoyable to do, something that I get paid to do and something attractive. I am using my mind. It's an intellectual demand and problem to solve,” said Laudadio. “I deal in the area of language. That satisfies me, too.”
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tellectual.” Aside from writing “The Multilingual Self”, Lvovich has had several other essays and stories featured in various publications. She was nominated for a 2011 Pushcart Award for her story entitled “Balakovo”, which was featured in Post Road magazine. Lvovich is currently working on a new book, which is a collection of her experiences revisiting her hometown of Moscow. For anybody interested in culture and linguistics, Lvovich’s writings are valuable. Coming from the mind of an author who knows as many languages as she does, you can be sure that they will be full of intriguing stories behind the art of language learning and of course, language living.
Photograph by Norihide Miyazaki
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by Nicholas Nuzhny It was a grim day for the KCC Wave baseball team as they lost both games of a doubleheader against the Queensborough Community College Tigers on April 25, with both losses suffered in walk-off fashion on their home turf. Despite the impressive pitching performances by Chris Salles and Victor Cosme, the starters for the first and second games for the Wave, the first loss came as a result of a few inconvenient errors, the second loss due to the lack of run support provided by the batters. In the first game of the doubleheader, the Wave got on base in the top of the second inning courtesy of a throwing error made by the Tiger’s catcher which they took advantage of by then hitting a single and a triple to score and take the lead by the score of 20. The Tigers managed to cut the lead in half with three singles in the bottom of the fifth where it stayed until the bottom of the seventh. The Wave gave up the lead in the seventh on a walk, sacrifice bunt, a single and an error that left the game tied at 2-2 going into extra innings. It stayed tied until the bottom of the ninth when the Tigers got a runner on a walk who advanced to second on a wild pitch, went to third on a fielder’s choice and scored on an error by the pitcher who made a move to third base but then switched up and threw wildly to first to which the Tigers responded by celebrating their first victory of the day. The second game was played in a thick fog where one struggled to see the outfielders from home plate, but was less sloppy despite it. It was scoreless until the top of the
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sixth when the Wave took the lead on a hit by Corey Epstein that scored a runner and put them up by the score of 1-0. In the bottom of the sixth however, the Tigers were able to tie it up at one run apiece with a soft triple that scored one of their runners. As the game went to the bottom of the seventh and last inning, it looked like it would go into extra innings again until Adam Alcamo batted in the winning run against the Wave’s Victor Cosme in the heavy fog; the scoring runner sliding in to be nearly thrown out, with the Tigers storming the field and celebrating their second win in one day. KCC dropped to five wins and 15 losses to get the bottom ranking in the standings amongst community college teams. “We came into this game knowing we had to win, playing against a good team we had good pitchers throwing, we got ahead, we scored but we let up in the end, we had to keep the motivation going and not give up in the end and that’s probably what lost us the games today,” said Epstein of the losses. At the end of the season, the Waves held a ceremony before their last home game on Saturday, April 30 to remember Andrew Gambardella who played on the team last year and was killed in a car accident shortly after the season ended. They also retired Gambardella’s number, #10. “You know it’s like everything in life, you get along with some people, some people you don’t like; I don’t think there was a single guy on the team that didn’t like him, he was just a genuinely nice guy,” said coach Jimmy Ryan of Gambardella.
Photograph by Nicholas Nuzhny Corey Epstein connects in Wave’s 2:1 loss