KARL VINGE ARCHITECTURAL PORTFOLIO
KOINOBORI THEATRE Conceptual design proposal PROGRAM Theatre, temporary building LOCATION Helsinki, Finland STATUS Concept completed 12.2017 PROJECT TYPE
Each fall semester, the Aalto University Wood Program students participate in a design competition for a small, experimental, wooden building. The winning proposal gets built in the spring semester. In 2017, the brief was to design a theatre for 75 people that will sit in a prominent park in Central Helsinki. Koinobori Theatre was my design response to the brief. Utilizing a linear structural system of bent wood trusses, the lightweight envelope layers interact with the ribs to provide ambient daylight in the lobby space and acoustic panels in the theatre space. The building sits lightly on the site, with an organic form that juxtaposes with the monolithic concrete building adjacent to the site.
RENDERING OF THEATRE SPACE 3
4 EXTERIOR RENDERING
6 RENDERING OF LOBBY SPACE
LONGITUDINAL SECTION & FLOOR PLAN 7
8 EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC
CORE CLADDING LIGHT FRAMING LVL SHEAR FRAME WASHROOM CORE (PREFABRICATED) CUSTOM WINDOWS (WINDOW MANUFACTURER) HARDWOOD FLOORING
PLYWOOD SUBFLOOR VAPOUR BARRIER WOOD FIBRE INSULATION
LVL CROSSBEAMS (AT TRUSSES) WOOD JOISTS LVL BEAMS WOOD POSTS ON CONC. PADS
CLADDING HORIZ. STRAPPING VERT. STRAPPING WEATHER BARRIER RIGID INSULATION VAPOUR BARRIER RIGID INSUL. (1 LAYER) 1X6 CONT. PURLINS STEEL TRUSS CONNECTORS
BENT WOOD TRUSSES (PREFABRICATED AT WORKSHOP)
KERĂ„ THEATRE design development, construction PROGRAM Theatre, temporary building LOCATION Helsinki, Finland STATUS To be completed Summer 2018 PROJECT TYPE
In the winter semester, the Wood Program students work together in developing the design of one of the concepts from the previous semester to be constructed in the summer. The KerĂ¤ Theatre was conceptualized as a circular mass timber building with solid glulam walls. In the lobby space the glulams are separated by glazing to allow light in, and views to the park beyond. In the theatre space the walls are solid, to isolate the black box from the surrounding environment. My task in the initial month was to examine the solid walls of the theatre space and propose a construction method that allows for prefabrication and quick installation on site. I concluded the exercise by presenting a sectional construction sequence to my colleagues as well as plan details of the fabrication and connection.
INTERIOR RENDERING BY NAGI KUMAGAI 11
12 EXTERIOR RENDERING BY NAGI KUMAGAI
CONSTRUCTION SEQUENCE OF SOLID GLULAM WALL 13
FINAL WALL SECTION 15
B&H BLOCK REHABILITATION Facade restoration & interior rehabilitation FIRM McGinn Engineering & Preservation PROGRAM Commercial, residential LOCATION Vancouver, BC STATUS Under construction PROJECT TYPE
Due to a fire in the neighbouring building this multi-unit, mixed-use, heritage building on East Broadway had to be completely gutted. A historically sensitive facade restoration allowed for additional height and density allowances from the City of Vancouver to make this project more economically feasible. Subdividing two of the larger units created 8 residential units, and 2 commercial units in the ground floor. The addition of a rooftop boiler room allows for a shared roof-deck, an attractive amenity feature for prospective tenants.
FACADE RESTORATION RENDERING 2
3 STOREFRONT RESTORATION DETAILS
existing storefront lintels
new lighting tbd.
CRU entry; new wood paneled door with 21 lite existing brick pier
residential entry; new wood paneled door with 1 4 lite
new monolithic slab w/ thickened edge; butt up to existing curb
repair tile alcove as req'd, reconstruct North border; retain alcove when pouring new monolithic slab.
STOREFRONT SECTION AT PIER 1" = 1'-0"
STOREFRONT SECTION AT ENTRY ALCOVE 1" = 1'-0"
The East light court after the fire in the neighbouring building. The east party wall and light court required extensive reconstruction. LEFT PHOTO
The Broadway street facade prior to the restoration. The historic windows had been replaced with vinyl, and the storefront configuration was completely altered from the original. RIGHT PHOTO
Second floor plan
ADJACENT BUILDING A 5
front shear fra
JR 1 BDRM 303
1 BDRM 304
JR 1 BDRM 302
1 BDRM 301 638 s.f.
THE DAKOTA Exterior restoration FIRM Thomas A. Fenniman Architect PROGRAM Co-op apartments LOCATION New York, NY STATUS Completed 3.2018 PROJECT TYPE
Completed in 1884, The Dakota is considered to be one of Manhattanâ€™s most prestigious co-op apartment buildings. However, the Landmark building has never undergone a comprehensive restoration campaign. The stonework, ironwork and copper elements have deteriorated over decades of use and the slate tile roof has been subject to various detrimental repair attempts. Our team has developed a scope of work based on extensive site visits and close-up inspections. Most notably, it has been determined that the entire 45,000 square foot slate tile roof requires replacement; all the metalwork requires refurbishment; much of the stonework requires patching and replacement; and, all 160 copper dormers require reconstruction. Laser scanning technology has been used to develop accurate base drawings of all street and courtyard elevations, balconies, dormers and stone ornaments. A slate quarry in Virginia has been engaged to produce a slate tile that would match the existing in size, color, texture and edge tear.
CENTRAL PARK WEST FACADE, 1965 6 NYC Municipal Archives
REMOVE ANCHOR & PATCH HOLE
SPALL REPAIR WITH PATCHING MORTAR
SOUND, REMOVE LOOSE MATERIAL TO SOUND SUBSTRATE. REMOVE MORTAR FROM JOINTS AND TUCK POINT.
REPAIR OPEN JOINT SEALANT
INSTALL SST. PIN
DUTCHMAN REPAIR WITH (N) STONE REMOVE & RESET (E) STONE (REPAIR AS REQUIRED) DA 08 CPW
DA 09 CPW SP
DA 02 CPW D
DA 07 CPW DA 03 CPW
R& DB 05 CPW
DA 06 CPW
DAa 05 CPW
DAa 04 CPW
DC 17 CPW
D R& R
DC 18 CPW
DCa 19 CPW
DC 20 CPW
DC 21 CPW
GA 07 CPW
GA 08 CPW
Deteriorating, coated slate tile roof. MIDDLE Rusting, damaged ironwork. BOTTOM Spalling stonework. TOP
G AY CE N BWRA S U NT E
A 10 PW
DA 11 CPW
DA a 17 CPW
DA 12 CPW
DB 06 CPW
DA 13 CPW
DAa 14 CPW
DA 16 CPW R&
DAa 15 CPW
DC 26 CPW DC 22 CPW
DC 23 CPW
DCa 24 CPW
DC 25 CPW
GA 09 CPW
GA 10 CPW
B-3 D SP
2 A-304 D D
Orthophoto of East facade provided by laser scanning consultant. SPREAD RIGHT Working drawing developed based on orthophoto and site measuring. SPREAD LEFT
Second floor balcony on the East Facade TOP Elevation and plan of the balcony, highlighting stone restoration, ironwork restoration, and a new fluid-applied membrane waterproofing at balcony base. BOTTOM
ALMA COURT REDEVELOPMENT New construction & heritage restoration FIRM McGinn Engineering & Preservation PROGRAM Light industrial, residential LOCATION Vancouver, BC STATUS Concept completed 01.2017 PROJECT TYPE
The comprehensive exterior restoration and interior retention of the 2-storey heritage apartment block occupying the south half of the site and the construction of a new 7-storey light industrial building on the north half of the site by way of a Heritage Revitalization Agreement. John Young McCarter’s 1913 apartment block is considered to be of significant heritage value and is a level ‘B’ heritage resource in the Vancouver Heritage Registry. McCarter would later go on to design the iconic Marine Building in downtown Vancouver as a principal of the firm McCarter & Nairne.
PRELIMINARY RENDERING FROM NORTHWEST 10
Streetscape along Alberta Street, illustrating the zoning maximum height (60â€™-0â€?) for application of relaxations with Heritage Revitalization Agreement. TOP
Preliminary rendering from Northeast, illustrating the articulation of the partywall above the neighbouring property. RIGHT
Shadow studies during spring and fall equinox. SPREAD RIGHT
888 EIGHTH AVENUE Recladding proposal FIRM Thomas A. Fenniman Architect PROGRAM Rental apartments, ground floor commercial LOCATION New York, NY STATUS Presented 04.2014 PROJECT TYPE
888 Eighth Avenue is one of many white glazed brick buildings built in Manhattan in the 1950’s and 60’s. Once shiny beacons of modernism, today these buildings’ facades are often dilapidated or showing evidence of several piecemeal repair campaigns where the new brick often does not quite match. The inherent problems of these buildings stem from the impervious glazed brick and the hard mortar which work together to trap moisture in, giving way to freeze-and-thaw and eventually cracking and spalling throughout the facades. We approached the client with a proposal to entirely reclad building. In doing so, we could mitigate the historic problems, add a layer of insulation to the un-insulated envelope, and redefine the overall aesthetic to absolve the negative associations of this building type. Though contextual analysis we developed a diagram for the building cladding -- with different treatments at the storefront, base, shaft and penthouses. Terra cotta rainscreen was investigated as an option that is light, durable, natural, and aesthetically pleasing.
SCHEMATIC DESIGN OF STOREFRONT 14
Typical section illustrating the removal of the white glazed brick cladding, with a 3” airspace and 4” CMU block backup. ABOVE
Renderings of facade options presented to the client. OPPOSITE
201 EAST 12th STREET Exterior restoration FIRM Thomas A. Fenniman Architect PROGRAM Rental apartments, ground floor commercial LOCATION New York, NY STATUS Completed 01.2015 PROJECT TYPE
Originally housing the headquarters for the Trow City Directory Company, this building on Third Avenue was a gem of the East Village. A renovation in the late 70â€™s saw the removal of the cornices and the addition of an extra floor in a watered-down pastiche that did not quite match the floors below. Using historic photographs and the existing details found on the building, we were able to incorporate the contemporary addition in a more seamless way. Quoins, keystones and voussoirs were replicated in cast stone and a new cornice was designed to match the original.
DURING CONSTRUCTION 18
Diagram of new cast stone corner quoins. ABOVE
Museum of the City of New York LEFT
Before restoration, 2011
CORNICE DETAIL 20 3'-2" 6"
(N) FLUID- APPLIED MEMBRANE
(N) CEMENT BOARD
2" x 6"
N.B. FRAMING AT 2'-0" INTERVALS .
3 1/2" (N) CONT . 16ga 2"
2-1/2" CSJ 16ga.
MIN. 48" A.F.R.
5 1/2" 8"
4" CSE 16ga.
(N) 20oz. COPPER CLOSURE FLASHINGS .
2-1/2" CSJ 16ga.
4" CSE 16ga.
(N) 1/2" thk. FR PLYWOOD
(N) FLUID-APPLIED MEMBRANE FLASHING
(N) 20ga. SST DRIP w/ HEMMED EDGE .
WOMENâ€™S SECOND STAGE HOUSING New construction FIRM McGinn Engineering & Preservation PROGRAM Multi-unit, Affordable housing LOCATION Kamloops, BC STATUS Presented 08.2012 PROJECT TYPE
Working with a community based non-profit agency in the town of Kamloops, BC, the program was developed for a 19 unit multi-family apartment complex aimed at providing affordable, safe and secure housing to women and youth who are homeless or at risk of homelessness. The building is designed around a central common space where residents can cook group meals, do laundry, watch their children play together, and hold special events. The apartments themselves are a mix of one, two and three bedroom and are designed as modular units that can be constructed offsite and transported to the site for assembly. This option keeps costs down so more of the budget can be diverted towards the site-built common area, while still providing quality accommodation suited to the unique needs of women in transition.
SECTION THROUGH COMMON AREA 22
MAIN ENTRY COMMON KITCHEN
HOTEL HAZELWOOD Conservation plan FIRM McGinn Engineering & Preservation PROGRAM Transitional housing, ground floor commercial LOCATION Vancouver, BC STATUS Completed 04.2012 PROJECT TYPE
The Hotel Hazelwood, dating from 1912, is unique for a speculative commercial/ rooming house block of this period due to its classical treatment of Doric Order columns at the storefront. Site investigation has confirmed that the columns encasing structural I-beams supporting the storefront twin lintels have survived intact behind the current tile cladding. The original alcove exterior soffits with edge molding have also survived behind the contemporary covering and drop ceiling. The columns appear to be in good condition and a paint sample from an upper window frame has confirmed that the columns and trim elements were painted in the same taupe colour. This project is one of a set of thirteen Single Room Occupancy (SRO) buildings that BC Housing engaged our firm to develop conservation plans for.
HOTEL HAZELWOOD, 1929 24 City of Vancouver Archives
25 COLOUR ANALYSIS
Recommended Colour Base Layer Cloverdale CA 035 Quill
Second Layer Benjamin Moore 2047 Forest Green
Third Layer Benjamin Moore 2103-30 Peat Moss
Fourth Layer Cloverdale 8465 Homespun Linen
Fifth Layer Benjamin Moore 2062-30 Blue Danube
Top (Sixth) Layer Cloverdale CA 215 Royal Mahogany
Storefront before restoration, 2011 Storefront, 1947, City of Vancouver Archives BOTTOM Concealed column at storefront, 2011 TOP
PAINT SAMPLE TAKEN FROM A THIRD FLOOR WINDOW FRAME.
HALIFAX INDEPENDENT SCHOOL Thesis Project, M.ARCH UNIVERSITY Dalhousie University PROGRAM Elementary school, apartments & multimedia artistsâ€™ cooperative LOCATION Halifax, NS STATUS Presented 08.2011 PROJECT TYPE
Urban renewal and rampant suburbanization, like in many North American cities, has led to the decline of downtown Halifax, Nova Scotia. Taking the work of Aldo van Eyck as a precedent my masters thesis proposed a small-scale, child oriented infill project as an alternate mode of development that retains historic fabric and has the potential to repair the urban ethos. A narrow, vacant lot in the heart of downtown Halifax provides the testing grounds for this intervention. The dynamic programmatic combination of an elementary school, apartments, and a multimedia artistsâ€™ cooperative ensure frequent and varied use. Playful architectural propositions are presented as strategies to reintegrate children as active participants within the downtown area.
SITE MODEL 28
29 LONGITUDINAL SECTION
CIRCULATION DIAGRAM 30
ET RK A M
ET RE ST
5 Music Room
2 Staff Room 1 Classrooms LUNCH AREA
OPEN PLAYSCAPE/ SEATING
E Y L G A R
T E E R S T
CARIBOU HARBOUR ARTISTS’ RETREAT Academic Design Project, M.ARCH UNIVERSITY Dalhousie University PROGRAM Artists’ Retreat Dining Hall & Studios LOCATION Caribou Harbour, Nova Scotia STATUS Presented 10.2009 PROJECT TYPE
As the main communal building, this structure acts as the public face of the artists’ retreat complex. An outdoor meeting space and fire pit complement the communal aspects of the program. By embedding into a slope with the strategic use of a shedstyle green roof supported by robust laminated wood beams, the building is visible from the northern water elevation while out of site from the meadow behind.
STRUCTURAL MODEL, VIEW FROM EAST 32
33 33 SITE STUDY
Structural model plan view, illustrating the laminated beams and wood purlins ABOVE
Conceptual model of circulation and grade changes. LEFT
GLOBE FABRICATION Detail Fabrication, M.ARCH UNIVERSITY Dalhousie University COMPONENT Wooden form for polystyrene globe SCALE 1:5 mock up (16cm Ă˜) STATUS Completed 12.2009 PROJECT TYPE
This component fabrication required two processes: split woodturning to make the removeable wood plug, and vacuum forming polysterene around the plug. The plastic is formed with large undercuts, so the spherical plug had to be able to be removed in several pieces for ease of extracted through the bottom of the globe.
WOODWORKING PROCESSES 36
Sketch of final globe chandelier installation & function
Sketch of splits to be made to the wood plug prior to woodturning, with angles relief for ease of extraction from polystyrene. BELOW
STAGES OF FABRICATION
NORTH BARRINGTON HUB Academic Design Project, BEDS UNIVERSITY Dalhousie University PROGRAM Library, Transit Station, Gardens LOCATION Halifax, Nova Scotia STATUS Completed 04.2009 PROJECT TYPE
A modern library, complete with a radio and television broadcasting centre and community gardens, the North Barrington Library is a cross between high-tech and low-tech in the hopes of promoting a healthy and sustainable community. Situated adjacent to Barrington Street in North End Halifax, it plugs into the existing urban fabric by creating a grand axis which can be further developed in the future. The repetition of structural tree columns give the forum an illusion of lightness, floating over the transit terminal below. The bright yellow and ochre corrugated aluminum cladding reinforces its importance as a landmark within the City.
STRUCTURAL MODEL, AERIAL VIEW 40
SHOAL LAKE OUTDOOR CLASSROOM Design-Build Lab, BEDS UNIVERSITY Dalhousie University, Cities and Environment Unit PROGRAM Outdoor Classroom LOCATION Shoal Lake Cree Nation, SK STATUS Completed 10.2008 TEAM Ali Shaver, Patrick Jardine, Bryan Ratzlaff, Jason Pooley, Kate Vanderwater, Adam Smith, Sarah Pomare, Laura Mannell, Jacquelyn Richard, Josh Lunn and the Shoal Lake Cree Nation community. PROJECT TYPE
This group design-build project was completed through a partnership with Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) and the Dalhousie Cities and Environment Unit (CEU). From August 18-31, 2008 our team worked with the Shoal Lake First Nations community in Saskatchewan, Canada to design and build an outdoor classroom. The classroom will be used for Elder meetings, Cree lessons, fishing derby ceremonies, and classes teaching traditional skills like hunting and trapping.
PHOTOGRAPH BY PATRICK JARDINE 44
PHOTOGRAPHS EARLY PROGRAMMATIC BY PATRICKDIAGRAM JARDINE 46 46
The team installing the bent wood trusses
The finished outdoor classroom
BELOW FAR LEFT
The team installing the deck, with
posts extending above the deck. BELOW LEFT
The post to truss connection detail
ARCHITECT AIBC, M.ARCH