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K A R I S M A S H O K E R BA(Hons) Architecture P O R T F O L I O


W O R K S U M M A R Y


Basement Floor

THE URBAN RETREAT Old Street, LONDON CAD, Photoshop, Physical model-making For my most recent project I developed my own brief in response to the conditions of Old Street, London. The design was based on creating a tranquil space- ‘an escape from the city within the city’. Looking at the concept of water, the proposal considered open and closed water channels within the building to create a spa retreat, sourcing its water from a borehole connected to the water table on which London is set.

Entrance and atrium space

R E C E N T W O R K Y E A R 0 3

Pool space

Ground Floor

Floor 01

Floor 02

Floor 03


1:1 TIMBER PROTOTYPE THRESHOLD Physical model-making Designed and built following the concept of transparency using varying degrees of control. Twisting and bending glue laminated plywood to create a highly controlled frame which in turn controls the twisting of timber strips and transparency between frames.

The frame was multiplied to create a surface which is held together through tension. Each frame has the potential for varying transparencies which is defined by the positioning of the infill. The surface as a whole responds to the x, y and z axis informing the dynamic form.

R E C E N T W O R K Y E A R 0 3

THE URBAN TWIST Applying the 1:1 threshold of transparency to a site in Old Street, London. The Shoreditch Grind Cafe is located alongside Old Street Roundabout and the screen would act as a visual divide between the busy street and the outdoor seating area of the cafe.


TATTOO SPACE No specified site Rhinoceros 4, CAD, Physical model-making, Photoshop From initial concept models made from oil-paint infused wax and copper wiring the notion of flesh and tattoo inking came about. The concept model developed into a pod form caged within a rigid structural support.

P R E V I O U S W O R K Y E A R 0 2


THE WRITER’S LODGE Rome Process work, Physical model-making Developing a brief based on a chosen site in Rome looking at how a space can be personalised by the user.

P R E V I O U S W O R K Y E A R 0 2

The facade for an art and architecture gallery was restored by Steven Holl. The contemporary design addresses interactive architecture, creating a facade which can be manipulated by the user merging indoor and outdoor spaces.


THE WRITER’S LODGE Rome Rhinoceros, Physical model-making, AutoCAD, Photoshop Modular construction of the individual writer’s rooms around 3 main cores.

N

1:50 long section through the square

THE WRITER’S LODGE inhabitation

P R E V I O U S W O R K Y E A R 0 2


Elevation

THEATRE SHELL Headington Hill Park, Oxford Hand-drawing Creating a multi-use performance space and temporary outdoor cinema to draw people into the park.

Section

Park Lighting

Park Seating

P R E V I O U S W O R K Y E A R 0 1


WORK EXPERIENCE Clay Architecture, Kent Modelling the facade of a refurbished church

I N T E R E S T S A R T

PHOTOGRAPHY

Rome Cathedrals

New York streets

SKETCHING . PAINTING . HENNA Charcoal sketch, painting in oil and acrylic, Henna art started as a hobby then I began practicing it at school fetes and asian weddings.


F I N A L Y E A R P R O J E C T 01 LIMINAL STATES : Urban Twist


‘waft’ stool

Black Twist

Tanimatsumura

Nancy Sansom Reynolds

Red Twist

Yellow Arcs

P L Y W O O D : T E S T I N G Looking at the material and properties of plywood, I explored ways of manipulating the timber and exploring the capabilities and limitations of the timber. The method of twisting and bending plywood manipulates the timber in multiple planes.

90° twist Low degree of control

180° twist Medium degree of control

135° twist Higher degree of control


T E S T I N G : H I G H D E G R E E

O F

C O N T R O L

A controlled mould was created on Rhino to generate a controlled twist of 135째 and a bend of 30째 when the plywood is placed within it.

The controlled mould did not work as predicted due to the restrictions of the ply material iteself. The shape of the plywood when bent did not correspond with the shape created on the Rhino model as the Rhino model did not take into account the limitations of the material.

To overcome the problem, we reduced the width of the plywood so that there was sufficient room for the material to twist and bend within the mould. The mould held the shape in place once the fitted caps and clamps were applied.

By reducing the width slightly and using the soaking method to increase the flexibility, the plywood fitted into the mould and was clamped into place.


Lattice Exploration

T E S T V A R I A T I O N S U M M A R Y : M A N I P U L A T I N G T I M B E R

Tests have been carried out by bending plywood to create strips that twists, as well as bends. Different degrees of control were used in the fabrication of these units, which range of two anchor points, to a CAD mould with supports every 20mm. The thickness and width of the individual pieces were tested, determining its characteristic in relation to flexibility and tension. The information gained from the test fabrications enabled us to see the strengths and weaknesses in the different methods of production and the unit itself.

Test 01 Control

Test 02 Control

Test 03 Control

Degree of twist

_Manipulating Timber

Test 04 Soaking

Degree of bend

Tests have been carried out by bending plywood to create strips that twists, as well as bends. Different degrees of control were used in the fabrication of these units, which range of two anchor points, to a CAD moould with supports every 20mm. The thickness and width of the individual pieces were tested, determining its characteristic in relation to flexibility and tension. The information gained from the test fabrications enabled us to see the strngths and weaknesses in the different methods of production and the unit itself.

30° 45° 60° 72°90°135°144°180°270°360°

Test 05 Width

_Manipulating Timber

Test 06 Thickness

Degree of Twisting

Bending

Degree of Bending

Tests havefabbeen carried out by bending plywood to create strips that twists, as well as bends. Different degrees of control were used in the fabs of control were used in the rication of these units, which range of two anchor points, to a CAD moould with supports every 20mm. The thickness and width of the individual ckness and width of the individual pieces were tested, determining its characteristic in relation to flexibility and tension. The information gained from the test fabrications enabled us to see the strngths and weaknesses in the different methods of production and

30° 45° 60° 72°90°135°144°180°270°360°

Measuring the possible degrees of twisting and bending for regular intervals on a Rhino model to compare with the capabilities of the plywood.


concentrated ornament on area of high twisting and bending

A P E R T U R E T H R E S H O L D : O R N A M E N T E D

V I E W S

From the initial investigation into apertures and the creation of varying views, I made a literal interpretation when applying the original threshold to the component.

As the component twists and bends, it allows different amounts of light to filter through as well as viewpoints. By varying the amount and arrangement of ornament, this allows some areas to be more flexible or rigid than others; thus influencing the twisting and bending capabilities of the component.

Looking at multiple components and inbetween spaces - the interaction through compressive and tensile forces. By pushing from both ends of the component, the individual elements compress, creating a more diverse space.


01

02

03

05

04

S P A T I A L A R R A N G E M E N T Multiples of the component were produced on a 1:10 scale in order to configure a functional space. A jig was produced to create multiple components at a single time to make the production process quicker.

By joining the components with pins, each individual could be manipulated into creating a seating area which restricts and allows visibility in the horizontal plane.


F O R M : S C R E E N T R A N S P A R E N C Y

Acting as a passage, the user can move through the components. The varying transparencies as the individual passes through and around allow the space to become semi-private depending on the position of the external pedestrian. The pin joints allow the space to be made bigger or smaller upon installation on site (above, left).

1:20 exploded axonometric


135째 twist

Looking at the transparency between strips: the alignment of the vertical strips can increase or decrease visibility depending on which angle the given object is viewed from. By twisting individual strips in a single area of concentration allows the transparency to be more or less evident in the given area.

F O R M : I N V E S T I G A T I N G B E Y O N D T H E S T R I P

Changing the infill of the frame varies the transparency of the individual frame but also if the frame was multiplied into a lattice form. The infill can produce any surface as long as the ends slot into the gaps within the laminated strips. By altering the shape of the individual strips, the visibility between each member is also altered. The transparency increases and decreases at various moments when the user moves past, thus varying the visible view. Taking the 135째 of twist, the component was multiplied to create an inter-locking frame. The high degree of control for the frame builds from the investigations into the strength and bend-ability of the plywood. By forming a controlled network of frames, the interior surface can consequently be controlled by the highly controlled components of the frame. Therefore, the designer controls the frame, the frame controls the infill, resulting in the control of transparency.


slot to control length of strip when curved joints

joints

553.8mm 548.3mm

1:3 lamination strips

500mm

SLOTS It was calculated that approximately 36 slots would fit within the 500mm strip, therefore the shift between slots on each lamination could be calculated by: 36/5.5 = 0.15mm

At Grymsdyke Farm, adjustments had to be made to the jig in response to the the way the plywood acted within the jig (above). The process involved laser cutting, CNC file preparation as back up, vaseline applied to the jig so the components did not stick, glue lamination, clamping, sanding and sawing joints.

4.5mm (1.5mm each layer)

1.5mm 14mm

It was discovered that the length of each lamination differs as it bends and twists. The outer lamination travels further, whereas the inner layer is shorter.

19mm

30mm

Curve Inside (mm) Outside (mm) Difference (mm) 1 530 525 5 2 533 527 6 3 553 549 6 4 566 560 6 5 555 550 5 6 535 529 6 7 530 526 4 8 569 563 6 4670 44

13.5mm 10mm

16mm

G R Y M S D Y K E F A R M : A C C U R A C Y A N D M A N U F A C T U R I N G P R O C E S S

2mm

Average difference between inner and outer layer 44/8 = 5.5mm Length of strips 4670/8 = 48.3mm The length of the plywood between the first and second jigs was decided at 500mm. Inner strip 500 + 48.3 = 548.3mm Outer strip 548.3 + 5.5 = 553.8mm The calculation of the shift allows for each component to have the same curvature.

7mm

90mm

500mm

Offset each layer to fit natural curving of plywood

90mm


U R B A N T W I S T : 1:1 P R O T O T Y P E The 1:1 prototype threshold can be placed vertically or horizontally for multiple functions, acting as a screen or canopy. The idea of transparency is explored through the surfaces created between each frame. The surfaces can be changed according to the object given to view, increasing or decreasing transparency; thus providing a solution to generating more public or private views. The dynamic form changes planes as each frame is added whilst keeping a fluid design.

(A)

(B)

1:2 Joint Detail

The 1:1 prototype is held togther using slot joints. As each frame is connected, the structure becomes strengthened due to the tension when compressing the components to join. The force exerted holds the form together. There is potential for further connections in multiple planes, connecting perpendicular and parallel components through the use of (A).

1:10 Elevation


U R B A N T W I S T : S C R E E N O F T R A N S P A R E N C Y The form created by each individual strip within the frame is dependent on the high degree of control of the frame, thus the shape is determined by the way in which each member slots into the frame but also negated by the way the material performs. Therefore, in the section cut, each strip bends in a different angle within the frame.

1:2 Section

1:10 Section


Vince Court, Shoreditch London Borough of Hackney

C O N T E X T 01 : O B J E C T - B A S E D T R A N S P A R E N C Y

Applying the 1:1 prototype threshold to site. The public space outside Vince Court is often inhabited by young social groups. One obsevation made was a group of people making a low budget film. The space was looked into by passers by but there was no element of control for the visibility. By introducing the URBAN TWIST, the surfaces between the frames of the screen can be modified by the inhabitants to control the visibility of passers by. This would be object based transparency control.


‘Shoreditch Grind’ Cafe, Shoreditch London Borough of Hackney

C O N T E X T 02 : D E F L E C T I O N - P U B L I C vs P R I V A T E Applying the 1:1 prototype threshold to site. The Shoreditch Grind cafe is located centrally, alongside the busy and noisy roundabout. The 1:1 threshold can act as a division between the public street and the private cafe. It would deflect the sound of the traffic due to the arrangement of infill between each frame whilst creating apertures for specific view points. Additionally, the screen can act as a wind barrier for the outdoor seating area. The frame can potentially have greater infill by the outdoor entrance allowing less cold air to enter the cafe itself.


02 LIMINAL STATES : The Urban Retreat


S I T E The site is located in Old Street, London Borough of Hackney. Old Street is familiarly known as the ‘technology hub’ of London. It primarily houses creative and technically based businesses. The site is situated in the midst of the city in close proximity of the ‘silicone roundabout’, therefore subject to the busy fast pace of the city.

1:10 000 site map

NORTH FACADES (opposite site)

Old Street Roundabout

Site

SOUTH FACADES (alongside site)


Ironmonger Row Baths Pre 1920’s

Bartholomew Court

Featherstone Street apartments

Multi-use building

Post 1980

Post 2000 Developments

New build multi-storey building

Proposed roundabout developments

B U I L D I N G H I S T O R Y : P R E -1 9 2 0 ’S / ‘T E C H C I T Y’

Mapping the change in time of buildings shows how Old Street has developed over time. The mapping (left) portrays buildings from pre-1920’s to proposed construction developments today. Old Street primarily consists of businesses and office spaces today. It is named the ‘tech city’, the technology hub of London. David Cameron facilitated the development of new businesses and entrepreneurs.

1:5000 old street development

Offices South of map Next 70 firms Companies from 2008 Original social network planner- Dopplr


Old Street Users | 1PM

IT workers Creative Workers Students Shoppers

B U I L D I N G U S E S

Staff (other) Children Healthcare workers Healthcare patients

Mapping building uses in the area with the corresponding users, illustrating the main function of the buildings in the area as office and business uses.

Institutoin workers Institution visitors

Old Street Users | 1PM

IT workers

Religious

Creative Workers

The users were mapped demonstrating when certain buildings and areas in Old Street were used most. This happened to be at peak times such as, before work (<9am), lunch time (12-1pm) and after work times (6pm).

Firemen

Students Shoppers Staff (other)

1

Children

Old Street Users | 9PM

Healthcare workers

IT workers

Healthcare patients

Old Street Users | 1PM

Shoppers

Religious

Students

3

Students

Institution visitors

Creative Workers

4

5

Creative Workers

Institutoin workers

IT workers

Firemen

Shoppers

Staff (other)

2

Children

Staff (other)

Old Street Users | 1PM

IT workers

IT workers

Children

4

5

Creative Workers

3

Old Street Users | 9PM

Healthcare workers Healthcare patients

Shoppers

Institutoin workers

Staff (other)

Institution visitors

Children

Religious

5 Institutoin workers

3

Institution visitors

1

3

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Shoppers

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Institution visitors

Old Street Users

Institution visitors Religious

Healthcare work

Healthcare pati

Institutoin wor

Institution vis Religious Firemen

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Old Street Users | 1PM

IT workers Creative Workers

3

Students Shoppers

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Staff (other) Children Healthcare workers

Shopp

Old Street Users

EVENING 9PM

Staff

Child

Healt

Healthcare patients

Healt

Institutoin workers

Insti

Institution visitors

Insti

Religious

Relig

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Firemen

Firem

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IT workers

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Children

Institution visitors Religious Firemen

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Healthcare workers

Healthcare patients Institutoin workers

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Staff (other)

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Creative Workers Students Shoppers

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Children

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Staff (other)

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Creat

Shoppers

Old Street Users | 9PM

1

Creative Workers

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IT wo

Stude

Firemen IT workers

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Old Street Users | 9PM

Students

Religious

5 1

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5 3

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Firemen

Healthcare patients Institutoin workers 4 Institution visitors

Staff (other) Children

Healthcare workers

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AFTERNOON 1PM

4

Religious

Children

Creative Worker Shoppers

Firemen

Institutoin workers

3

IT workers Students

2

Institutoin workers 3

Old Street Users | 1PM

Firemen

Healthcare workers

Staff (other)

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1

Students

Religious

Healthcare patients

Healthcare patients

Creative Workers

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Staff (other)

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IT workers

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Institution visitors

Healthcare workers

Shoppers

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1

Institutoin workers

Shoppers 2

workers

Healthcare patients

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rs | 9PM

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1:2500Healthcare

IT workers

Creative Workers

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Religious

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Firemen

Institution visitors

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Creative Workers

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Institutoin workers

Creative Workers Students

Firemen

Religious

1

Old Street Users | 9PM

5

IT workers

Religious

Healthcare patients

4

5

Institution visitors

Students

Healthcare workers

5

Institutoin workers

Shoppers

ers | 1PM

Healthcare patients

Healthcare patients

Students Staff (other)

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Healthcare workers

Creative Workers

Old Street Users | 9PM

Healthcare workers

Children

Healthcare patients

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Institutoin workers Institution visitors

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1:10 000


41.1m

21.3m 11.6m The existing site houses a Shell petrol garage and is located on the corner of a busy main road and a quieter side road. Therefore, the site is subject to noise from vehicle and pedestrian traffic from the main road.

13m

2m

3.6m 5.3m

23.1m

The site is generally overcast with shadows from the surrounding high-rise buildings therefore maximising light entering the building is essential.

1:500

P U B L I C

S I T E : B R I E F D E V E L O P M E N T a n e s c a p e f r o m t h e c i t y w i t h i n t h e c i t y

T R A N Q U I L I T Y To escape from the city within the city itself is to create a tranquil retreat. The proposed design addresses the need for a space for relaxation from busy city life. The Urban Retreat would act as a spa, providing a public escape from the fast pace of the business district- Old Street.

P E A C E

L I G H T

R E T R E A T

Driven by the concept of water, commonly linked with tranquility, the retreat will house treatment rooms, showers, public space and a main pool room.

W A T E R S P A

P R I V A T E


busy city street

enclosed green space

GREENACRE PARK, NYC Hideo Sasaki

T R A N Q U I L S P A C E S Old Street acts as a hub for both technical and creative activities; the busy, fast paced city life needs a space to unwind. The brief for this project involves creating a quiet space within the city which acts as a retreat. Similar to parks, the design proposal intends to create an escape from the busy city streets. The city revolves around time; the intended design works against time and almost becomes a timeless space within the city.

green spaces

1:5000 green spaces

promenade spaces

above 80dB 60-80db below 60dB

Greenacre Park in New York is a perfect example of integrating quiet green spaces as a retreat within the busy city. Above, the green spaces in the Old Street area are mapped, showing that there is very few.

To create a quiet space within the busy city, sound will need to be absorbed by the building envelope in order to create tranquil retreat spaces.


Tomba Brion, Venice

Palazzo Querini Stampalia door detail, Venice

Palazzo Querini Stampalia, Venice

IUAV, Venice

G E O M E T R Y : M A S S M O D E L L I N G M A Z E G E O M E T R Y Similarities can be drawn between Scarpaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s work and the geometry of mazes. The architecture produces boundaries and thresholds to divide void spaces. The organisation of void spaces and boundaries also act as a circulation system; in the precedent the form guides water, but it can also navigate movement of people through spaces.

O P T I O N 01

O P T I O N 02

O P T I O N 03

O P T I O N 04

O P T I O N 05


circulation space

rainwater harvesting

Tomba Brion, Venice

Palazzo Querini Stampalia

Reflection

W A T E R T H R E S H O L D : S P A T I A L S E Q U E N C E The W A T E R T H R E S H O L D of Carlo Scarpaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s designs provides a link between nature and the built environment and allows for the anticipation of flooding which works in response to the environmental conditions of Venice. The void spaces are filled at times of high rainfall therefore the architecture changes seasonally. I investigated various methods of integrating water into design and the different qualities they dictate.

Harvesting rainwater is a sustainable source of water although there may not be enough to sustain a whole spa. Collected Purified Filtered Pumped Heated Distributed

purified by freshwater fish and plants

filtered

water heated

water distributed to spa

water stored in outdoor pools

1:200 sequential section


Sadlerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Well Rosebery Street

S O U R C I N G W A T E R : B O R E H O L E S

St. Agnes Well Old Street Holywell Holywell Lane Black Mary Well Farringdon Road

WATER BORE HOLES are an alternative water supply to the mains network, providing a personal private water supply from the water table beneath London. The bore hole provides a stable supply of naturally filtered water, extracting up to 20,000 litres of water a day. GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP provides an environmentally sound way of heating the water sourced from the bore hole by 1/2 degrees making use of the renewable energy stored in the ground. A closed loop pipe system containing water with antifreeze is used to extract the stored energy.

Clerkâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Well Farringdon Lane

1:1000 proposed bore hole


cooler water to the energy centre transport heat to and from the boiler houses in each building. In turn, the heat that is transferred to the existing central heating system will transport the heat to each building.

The heat is then distributed through the heat network to provide warmth and hot water to local buildings.

cion to the system

CHP â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Combined Heat and Power

Heat Storage

Bunhill Energy Centre

The CHP engine generates heat and electricity together. The engine turns a generator which produces electrictity whilst the heat from the engine is captured. The heat is then distributed through the heat network to provide warmth and hot water to local buildings.

Combined Heat and Power

- The heat network is fed by the local energy centre on Central Street which produces both electricity and heat. - Uses the heat created from producing electricity to help heat buildings and provide hot water. - Brings cheaper energy to over 700 homes in the south of the borough. - The energy centre enclosure has been constructed from sustainably sourced green oak cladding with two new mature trees and climbing plants in the planting that surrounds it. - tank The over of heat network in the roads around the energy A large insulated that network can store largehas quantities of heatone in thekm form of hot water. Heat Storage Transporting Heat centre. - The large containerised equipment generates the efficient heat. Transport of heat Two parallel pipes, one carrying hot water to buildings and the other returning cooler water to the energy centre transport heat to and from the boiler houses in each building. In turn, the heat that is transferred to the existing central heating system will transport the heat to each building.

Heat Storage

Ironmonger Row Baths

A large insulated tank that can store large quantities of heat in the form of hot water.

Transport of heat Two parallel pipes, one carrying hot water to buildings and the other returning cooler water to the energy centre transport heat to and from the boiler houses in each building. In turn, the heat that is transferred to the existing central heating system will transport the heat to each building.

-

Bunhill Energy Centre - energy flow Ironmonger Row Bath Finsbury Leisure Centre Stafford Cripps Estate St Luke's Estates Redbick Estate Refurbishing - possible connecion to the system Site

CHP â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Combined Heat and Power

A large insulated tank that can store large quantities of heat in the form of hot water.

Transport of heat W A T E R : S U S T A I N A B L E S O L U T I O N S

The heat network consists of two An engine that generates heat and electricity together. The CHP enparallel pipes, which oneproduces carrying hot whilst the heat gine turns a generator, electricity, from the to engine is -captured inin the sameis way that for we the uselocal heatheat from a Bunhill Energy Centre anetwork source network which produces both heat and water buildings the car engine to keep electricity. us warm when driving. The heat from the CHP enand the otherthrough returning the cooler gine is distributed the heat network to provide warmth and It uses theand heatbuildings created from electricity production to aid the heating of buildings and prohot water to local -residents water to thevideenergy hot water. centre. The heat is transported Heat Storage - It is a cheaperthrough energy source these to over 700 homes in the south of the borough. The energy centre has beenin constructed pipes to the- boiler houses eachfrom sustainably sourced green oak cladding. The heat network is over 1km in the roads surrounding the energy centre. building. From the boiler house, the heat that is transferred to the existing central heating system will carry the heat to each building. Building

Paralell pipes A large insulated tank that can store large quantities of heat in the form of hot Energy water. Centre

Transport of heat The heat network consists of two parallel pipes, one carrying hot water to buildings in the network and the other returning the cooler water to the energy centre. The heat is transported through these pipes to the boiler houses in each building. From the boiler house, the heat that is transferred to the existing central heating system will carry the heat to each building.

Paralell pipes Energy Centre

Boiler House Building

Building

Boiler House Building

Building

Building


Sketch plan

Circulation of people

Circulation of water

Option 1

Option 2

C I R C U L A T I O N The proposal for the ‘Urban Retreat’ looks at the flow of people and water through the building and how the two variables interact with one another.

Option 3

Option 4

8

11 12

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2 5

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1

0 Ground Floor

-1 Basement Floor

1 Spa treatment rooms 2 Main spa pool room 3 Ramp up to terrace 4 Public entrance 5 Towel storage and washing 6 Changing facilities 7 Changing rooms/ washrooms 8 Bore hole 9 Terrace 10 Shower room 11 Shower room 12 Shower room 13 Shower/treatment room 14 Shower room 15 Steam room 16 Water storage

1 First Floor

15

16

2 Second Floor

3 Third Floor

3 Third Floor 1:250 Initial Plans


C O N C E P T : F L O W A N D F I L T R A T I O N

RAIN WATER

water pump

WATER TANK

TOILETS, WASHROOMS

SEDIMENT FILTER

acid neutraliser

softener removes iron

SALT TANK

chemical mixer

CHEMICAL TANK diluted chlorine removes odors

plumbing

salt water removes iron from softener MAIN SPA RETREAT WATER BORE HOLE


S P A T I A L Q U A L I T Y

Concrete floor slab embedded with carbon filter to further purify the water for showers

Twisted polycarbonate sheet to navigate water into shower space

30째 - 360째

Degree of twist

Degree of bend

Polycarbonate twists acting as a screen facade and solar shading device for the interior spaces

Concrete structure

Translucent concrete to allow glipses of activity to be seen from the outside and ambient daylight to filter in


Water storage tank

Water flow through building

Water flow control valve Stainless steel tray and fixings Carbon filter Mesh filter Sandstone embedded into concrete floor slab

Concrete wall 300mm

Filtered water

Wall detail (waterproof membrane, insulation)

Shower room

1:5 floor detail

F L U I D S P A C E S The water based concept is evident within the building design. Water flows through the building, integrating the filtration process within the structure. The floor slabs, a combination of concrete embedded with carbon and sandstone, enable a purer filtration of the water.


H E A T R E C O V E R Y V E N T I L A T I O N

HRV provides fresh air and improved climate control, while also saving energy by reducing heating (and cooling) requirements. The excess hot air in the main spa pool room can be distributed to the cooler rooms. The pool room requires to be kept warm but ventilation is still needed, therefore cool air from the atrium spcae can be distributed via a mechanical vent.

Hot air

Heat recovery ventilator

Treatment room

Cool air

Steam room Showers/treatment rooms

Atrium Hot air in spa pool room

Cafe Changing rooms

Bunhill Energy Centre

Tube station

Water table

1:500


S P A T I A L A R R A N G E M E N T

3:

Water storage

2:

Steam room Treatment room

1:

Additional changing rooms Treatment and shower rooms

Circulation shaft provides a core to the structure where all the floors can interact 1:500 Basement

1:500 Floor G

1:500 Floor 1

0 Ground: Entrance Reception Towel storage and wash Cafe

The different floor levels have been arranged so that the G R O U N D F L O O R entrance level invites the public in creating an open atrium space designed for public interaction and social space.

The B A S E M E N T level introduces private space whereby the inhabitants will change into bathing suits using the main circulation shaft (red) to move between floors. It houses the main spa pool in a more enclosed environment. A light shaft from the atrium increases the ceiling height and creates a void space to increase the light level in the basement using natural light.

The F I R S T F L O O R can be accessed publically, via the ramp walkway or via the circulation shaft where additional changing rooms are located. This floor is primarily for the use of treatment and shower rooms.

The subsequent floors above are all accessed via the circulation shaft, housing water spaces.

-1 Basement: Changing rooms, Main spa pool

-2 Below ground: Water storage tanks


PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

6m

6m

The column and beam system is designed to hold up concrete floor slabs. The extruded pathway on the left is supported by thinner columns but attached to the main building structure.

S T R U C T U R A L S T R A T E G Y : L O A D B E A R I N G 6m

6m

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

1:100 Axonometric showing loads


Glass thickness also insulates

Concrete

Glass skylight angled for water run-off

Bolts

Steel bar

Mullin

Stainless steel flat bars

Steel plate

Glass blocks 940x300x300 mm

Steel beam

Steel cap

Fixings for glass

Aluminium cap (angled for water run-off)

1:500

Parapet

Roofing membrane (waterproof)

Insulation

Screed

1:10 Section

Waterproof Membrane

Dappled light enters the treatment room and the facade eliminates any external sound pollution creating a relaxing atmosphere. The semi-translucent facade creates a space where movement can be detected from the outside but activity is not determined unless inside.

T R E A T M E N T R O O M


F A C A D E

70 mm 330 mm Ice block sketch model Depth and transparency of ice

70 mm OPTICAL GLASS HOUSE, JAPAN Ken Tadashi Oshima The Optical Glass House was built in a busy city in Hiroshima surrounded by high-rise buildings. It was designed to filter out noise from the public city street to create a tranquil space behind the 8.6m x 8.6m glass block facade. The depth of the pre-cast glass blocks reduces the amount of sound passing through. Through multiplication, the glass blocks create dappled lighting in the interior spaces.

glass block noise barrier

busy city street

quiet retreat

Modified Glass Block Opaque glass, new dimensions

500mm

PROCESS The process involved in creating the glass blocks is similar to that of twisting and bending the plyood to create a component; a single element which can then be multiplied using the same production process.

1:2 Glass block internal wall construction detail


NEBUTA HOUSE, Cultural Museum Japan MOLO DESIGN

The steel ribbon facade acts as a secondary skin, providing openings for entrances and also a semi-private pathway. The facade breaks up the light entering the internal spaces and divides public and private spaces.

3 Water storage

A P P L Y I N G T H E T W I S T The technique of twisting and bending a material to manipulate the users actions can be applied to the proposed building. By integrating the twist at different scales, it can act as a tool to aid vision as well as navigating movement.

2 Steam room/ treatment room

1 Shower rooms

0 Public entrance

-1 Pool room

The twist as a NAVIGATION device, guiding people through spaces. If ornament is applied to the material, the openings can work as a ventilation mechanism operated mechanically whilst generating diverse light and shadow affects for the internal space.


C O N T E X T : U R B A N R E T R E A T

The glass facade allows internal activity to be seen from the public street. The stacked spaces to the right house shower and treatment rooms therefore have semi-transparent facades that give the impression of inhabitation to the public whilst concealing the activity unless inside the space. A curtain of twists acts as a second skin to conceal private spaces such as changing rooms. There is also a glass pathway extruding out of the building itself, inviting the public to the treatment rooms.

1:100 Elevation


8 10

7 Atrium 8 Towel storage/wash 9 Light shaft for pool room 10 Kitchen 11 Cafe bar 12 Cafe 13 Washrooms 11

9 7

12

13

P L A N : B A S E M E N T F L O O R P L A N : G R O U N D F L O O R 1 2 3 4 5 6

15

14 Pathway 15 Changing rooms/ washroom 16 Shower room 17 Shower room 18 Treatment room 19 Pool room 20 Mezanine (semi-private)

16

17

19 14 18

20

P L A N : F L O O R 0 1 2

21 22 23 24

Rain water feature Treatment room Treatment room Steam room

1 23

22

21

24

6 3

P L A N : F L O O R 0 2

5

4

25 26

Rain water storage Fresh water storage

25

26

P L A N : F L O O R 0 3

Main pool room Circulation shaft Bore hole Grey water storage Changing rooms Plant room


1:500 plan

U R B A N R E T R E A T : P O O L R O O M The main pool room for the spa is located at basement level. The light shaft in the ceiling allows natural light to filter into the pool room from the atrium space at ground level. The borehole becomes an aesthetic feature as well as a water source for the pool. The water channels create an open water system into the pool.


U R B A N R E T R E A T : A T R I U M


T H E U R B A N R E T R E A T : A C T I V I T Y

1:100 Section


U R B A N R E T R E A T : S T R E E T A C C E S S

Pedestrians enter the spa via the corner which is located on the West, closest to Old Street Roundabout. The location of the entrance is designed to invite users in from the side street as well as the main road. Corner access provides a more open and inviting entrance into the space. Looking out towards the roundabout also invites people from the busiest area, being the roundabout, to the retreat.

Karisma Shoker Portfolio  

Overview of recent works and interests; final year project portfolio inclusive