Page 1

KARINADWI

URBAN DESIGN

2015-2017


“As an artificial world, the city should be so in the best sense: made by art, shaped for human purposes.” (Kevin Lynch)

“Our difficulty is no longer how to contain people densely in metropolitan areas and avoid the ravages of disease, bad sanitation and child labor. To go on thinking in these terms is anachronistic. Our difficulty today is rather how to contain people in metropolitan areas and avoid the ravages of apathetic and helpless neighborhood.” (Jane Jacobs)


CONTENT

03 09 15

1

Integrated Walkable Historical Precinct studio rancang kota 1

Masterplan Green CBD Teluk Bayur studio rancang kota 2

Gedebage Technopolis: The Eco-Living Hub studio rancang kota 3

23 27

Connecting The Gaps Transforming Community AECOM SOS - Fair Share

Concept Application of Climate Sensitive Urban Design Through Envi-Met Simulation master thesis


PROFILE EDUCATION Master of Urban Design Bandung Institute of Technology 2015 - 2017

EXPERIENCE Working Nov ‘15 - May ‘16 ITB & Indonesian Navy - architect in charge

Masterplan of Teluk Ratai, Lampung-Indonesia

Bachelor of Architecture Diponegoro University, Semarang 2009 - 2013

Sept ‘13 - Aug ‘15 Junior Architect - PT. Airmas Asri, Jakarta Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ

COMPETENCE

Ÿ Ÿ

Creative Analyze the thermal condition in urban area Design analysis of urban area Able to work in group or independent High commitment Well planned, breaking down the joblist into detail

Jan ‘13

Karina Dwi Kusumastuty 11.11.90 Contact a: Jl. Narogong Sakti I C22/2, Bekasi t: +62 813 1159 1813 e: karinadwik@gmail.com Portfolio https://issuu.com/karinadwi

Juli ‘12 - Aug ‘12

SKILLS

min

Handrawing Illustration Model Making Design Layout Photography

Akanoma - intern Architecture consultant

Oct ‘17

International Conference on Climate Change 2017 author of journal Climate Sensitive Urban Design Through Envi-Met Simulation Solo-Indonesia

Oct ‘16

Temu Ilmiah IPLBI 2016 Prospek Analisis Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) sebagai Tinjauan untuk Mengevaluasi Performa Ruang Terbuka Hijau Publik di Perkotaan Malang-Indonesia

Oct ‘16

Join studio ITB & University of Melbourne Bandung-Indonesia

Aug ‘16

Feb‘16 - Mar ‘16

PERSONAL INTEREST & HOBBIES

PT. Koradipura Prakarsa - intern Engineering contractor

Campus Activities

max

Adobe Illustrator Adobe Photoshop Autocad Corel Draw Sketchup

Worked with team in designing building facade, mostly commercial and mixed use area. Handled 3-D models for commercial and residential towers Attended meetings with clients and correspondence with owner for project approvals. Performed research, programming and space planning. Gained experience in project management, generating working drawings and details, handling material selection for façade, assisting clients with choosing interior elements to achieve modern appearance.

Participant of International Conference Artepolis 6 Imagining Experiences: Creative Tourism and the Making of Place Bandung-Indonesia Join studio ITB & University of Florida Pangkalpinang, Bangka Belitung-Indonesia Competition

Design

Portait Illustration

Crafting

Culinary

2014

Archtism - 1st winner Lustrum 5 Sketsa Architectural Design Week Jakarta

2012

Eco House Design Competition - 4th winner Civil in Action Yogyakarta

2011

Sayembara Rumah Sehat Inovatif - 20 finalist Tabloid Rumah Jakarta

Movies

Photography

2


ASIA-AFRIKA: INTEGRATED WALKABLE HISTORICAL PRECINCT Asia Afrika district is located in the center of Bandung city with diiverse activities. This area standing on historical district or old city which gave factual information on that era. The insistence on the development of urban activity demanding the existence of public service facilities, one of which is the means of transportation, as well as the need for different space with the availability of space in the old city and the higher land prices, encouraging the destruction of old buildings and the development of new buildings tailored to the needs at this time. The destruction of old towns is increasingly apparent. The enormous ow of global development has caused physical uniformity of major cities around the world, in other words, the city will gradually lose its identity. The conservation effort of the old town is the only way to restore the city's identity.

3

Historical downtown area, consists of subregions of squares, sub-corridor of Asia-Afrika street, sub-corridors of the Cikapundung river, sub-corridor of Braga street. Bandung city’s government made a policy to restore the activities and physical conditions of the old city and move government activities to Gedebage. The old town area will be directed to a region with economic activity with rules that prioritize to protect the old buildings.

STUDIO RANCANG KOTA 1


SITE ANALYSIS

Braga

Alun-Alun

commercial government museum

pedestrian way

BCR > 70% Green area < 20% FAR > 1.4

Land Use Existing land use on the area is dominated by trade and service function. Most of the building's functions are private office services, banking and commercial. Government office buildings were also located in this area. Others are open space such as plaza and Cikapundung river border.

on street parking

pedestrian circulation

Open Space The total area of green open space Cikapundung riverspot reaches 4500 m2. While the total area for blue open space reaches 1650 m2. East Cikapundung Road which is made public open space reaches 1750 m2 so that when combined reaches wide of 7900 m2. Compared with the total area studied, which reached 6.6 ha, the open space 7900 m2 gives the indigo 12% open space of the total area. From the observation of open pavement area, the availability of open space related to the catchment area is only 1500 m2 in Cikapundung Riverspot and 1650 m2 area in Cikapundung river area. So the total area of the pavement is 3150 m2 from the whole open space area of 4250 m2.

Pedestrian Access In the vicinity of the area there are two areas that became the attraction of visitors as a tourist attraction in the center of Bandung, Alun-alun and Braga district. It caused the level of use of pedestrian way in this area is quite high, especially on weekends. For the pedestrian movement path, the most used roads are Braga road, East Cikapundung road, and Asia- Afrika road.

vehicle circulation

Circulation & Parking The existence of Asia-Afrika street as secondary arterial roads leads to a high volume of traffic and solids at certain times. The direction of movement in the planning area is influenced by the existence of activity centers around the area such as Alun Alun and Masjid Raya Bandung, Museum Asia Afrika, Taman Cikapundung, and Jalan Braga. Off street parking in the area spread in several locations that are used in general or property of the main building that provides parking space. There is also a parking lot provided by the main building (shopping center, office, and shop) but the designation is used for public. As for pasrrkir on street located in Braga street, West Cikapundung, behind factory, street ABC, road cikapundung and street naripan.

street culinary night

1 3

street culinary night

pedestrian street corridor Jl. Soekarno

Cikapundung riverspot

2 4

total area 7.900 m2

12%

commercial & non-commercial reclame building identity & traffic sign

Activity Support In addition to office and trading activities within the building, activities around the area are street vendors that take place in the morning and evening. The activities of street vendors at night are only available on Cikapundung Barat and Cikapundung Timur street.

12

3

Building Massing & Intensity Buildings in the planning area generally do not have KTBs except the BRI tower building. As many as 15 buildings (56%) in this area has a BCR value of more than 70% so it is not in accordance with the standards requested in Bandung RDTR 2015. It is not much different from the outbreak condition where 1 building exceeds the prevailing standards. As for the value of green coverage area does not reach 20% per lot of buildings. Building setback value mostly have 0 value.

Signage Asia-Africa region is included into a special area, which is a region with certain characteristics / characteristics that have environmental quality and other building architecture, in the form of historical areas, conservation areas, and preservation. The markers or signage contained in the planning area consist of: - non commercial sign - commercial sign - traffic sign

historical building type A potential to building historical

Preservation There are 3 road corridors that have a strong historical character, seen from the many buildings of cultural heritage and old buildings around the area, namely 1. Asiid-Afrika street corridor 2. Braga street corridor 3. Part of Cikapundung Barat street There are 4 buildings of Class A cultural heritage namely majestik building, independent building, PLN building and PTPN building. In addition there are also several historic buildings that have the potential to support the value of the area.

4

4


DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

PROBLEMS gap dynamic active vibrant modern -

- historical - preservation - rigid

old town

city center

reforming old city center

engage between old & new

VISION

Optimization of Public Space and Historical Function Through Mixed-Use Area

before

Creating mixed use area integrated with high connectivity to create a vibrant and modern trading environment, ofďŹ ce and services.

walkable public space Provides an open public space which can access the entire area with walkable design and create a good pedestrian connectivity.

integrated mixed-use

after

Maintaining and strengthening the image of the Asia-Afrika old town through preserving the historical corridor and controlling the area development to be in line with the image of the region's heritage. historical preservation

5

Reduce the building height to keep the skyline of the area and Maximize the connectivity between buildings by accomodating permeable pedestrian way in the area.


LIST OF BUILDING:

B I R

A

G GEDUNG MERDEKA

M PUBLIC PARK

B COMERCIAL

H SOEKARNO PEDESTRIAN CORRIDOR

N OFFICE PARK TOWER

C OFFICE PARK

I CIKAPUNDUNG RIVERSPOT

O BRI BANK

D INTERACTIVE PARK

J PLN OFFICE

P JIWASRAYA

E COMERCIAL

K MANDIRI BANK

Q FOOD STREET CULINARY

F KAA MUSEUM

L COMMERCIAL

R COMMERCIAL

E

N

M

Q

L

H

N P

D

C

A COMERCIAL

O

K J

G F

business

market

A’

BLOCK A

exhibition

ACTIVITY MAPPING

exhibition

reading

market

reading

playing

A

This area is developed into integrated office park which has spacious and well connected public parks. The existing of BRI Tower transformed into 4 medium rise tower to blend the characteristic with surrounded building and adapt with building skyline in this area. Building setback in Asia-Afrika street is agreed using 0 meter and provide pedestrian access between building. Old buildings with colonial architecture are preserved to strengthen the area characteristic.

playing

BLOCK B music culinary

BLOCK C This area is focus on Naripan street corridor, while Gedung Merdeka, KAA Museum and some of old building are preserved. Block of office and commercial building in this area is developed into 2 tower integrated office park with medium rise as focal point. Building massing designed permeable with ground level function as commercial area to promote the public activity.

film watching shopping

business

The development of block B is focused on Cikapundung Riverspot area which functioned as main public space in this area. This block has development direction as waterfront park which promote the Cikapundung river as front area or main attraction in this area. To ease the connectivity between blocks, the pedestrian bridge is provided above the river. PLN office which located in this area is maintained as preservation building.

dance performance

6


section A-Aâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

7


8


MASTERPLAN GREEN CBD TELUK BAYUR:

ECO EDUTAINMENT PARK

STUDIO RANCANG KOTA 2

Pangkalpinang City is the capital of Bangka Belitung province located on the island of Bangka. Throughout the province of Bangka Belitung into the area of "Belt Lead". Pangkalpinang City became one of the important tin mining and administrative centers since the Dutch colonial era. However, over the times, the privilege of Pangkalpinang city began to erode. Tin mining began to be limited, the popularity of the city is less interesting than the areas located in Belitung Island, and began to emerge environmental problems that floods that hit several important areas in the city of Pangkalpinang. Several strategies were initiated by Pangkalpinang city government specifically to improve the quality and image of the city. One of them is to develop Teluk Bayur area which was not good enough to become an important area, that is as Central Bussiness District (CBD). Furthermore, Teluk Bayur area will be developed into a CBD area focusing on ecological aspects with green / green concept. Selected areas will be developed with mixed use function, with the aim to generate economy and image from Teluk Bayur region micro, to Pangkalpinang City and Bangka Belitung Province by macroSeveral strategies were initiated by Pangkalpinang city government specifically to improve the quality and image of the city. One of them is to develop Teluk Bayur area which was not good enough to become an important area, that is as Central Bussiness District (CBD). Furthermore, Teluk Bayur area will be developed into a CBD area focusing on ecological aspects with green concept. Selected areas will be developed into mixed use function to generate economy and image from Teluk Bayur region and Pangkalpinang City and Bangka Belitung Province in general.

9


EXISTING CONDITION Boundary, Setbacks & Ownership Site bordered by Rangkui River on the North and West, Kolong Teluk Bayur on the East and the new developed road on the south. As per local regulation, the sites setbacks from Rangkui River is 10 metre and the sites setbacks from Kolong Teluk Bayur is 15 metre. These setbacks area required to be a green waterfront. While the ownership of the site is shared between city gioverment and citizen. The area belong to the goverment is 6,8 Ha, which 1 Ha of them were given by citizen that required it to be developed into Islamic School.

Contour & Flooding The site is relatively flat with highest areas located on the south and lowest areas located around the site perimater that facing water bodies. As shown on the contour & flooding picture above, during bigest flood the highest area would submerged approximately up to 1,8 metre; while the lowest area would submerged up to 6,5 metre. There are also 6 metre level difference between Semujur Bridge as the site’s current main entrance and the road around site perimeter. Other than that, the site character as an estuary would cause the lowest area on the side of kolong be dried during dry season.

Legend Depth on flooded 6,51 m - 8,2 m Depth on flooded 4,71 m - 6,5 m Depth on flooded 0,0 m - 1,8 m

Sun & Wind Movement Pangkalpinang’s climate is wet tropical type A with precipitation level in between 56,2 - 337,9 mm/month. Average temperature is 23,3 - 32,4 Celcius, which affected by sea wind movement and moisture level. Average wind velocity is 3 - 5 knot, with movement shown on the wind movement graphic on the left.

10


CONCEPT OF DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT AREA

Zoning and Building Massing Planning

Teluk bayur is strategically located in the middle of Pangkalpinang city and bypassed the Rangkui River linking Teluk Bayur with other waterfront areas in the city, so the potential to be developed becomes a new center for business, tourism and education activities in Pangkalpinang city. Bayur Bay Green CBD with Eco-Edutainment Park theme developed with a good understanding of the local context, economic potential, and ecological conditions of the region to create a unique, lively, livable and sustainable area. The design of Teluk Bayur Green CBD area is done by giving strong consideration to the concept of environmental sustainability, the diversity of activities and facilities to create a living area, as well as the legibility of the region through accessibility and good connectivity. So, the vision and mission of Teluk Bayur Green CBD development with Eco-Edutainment Park theme are:

Zoning in the area is arranged in accordance with interrelationship between functions within the region to provide good regional legibility. The educational function is centered in the north, recreational and service functions in the east by exploiting the potential of Kolong Teluk Bayur, while mixed use and settlement functions are located in the west of the area. Retail functioned in the middle as connector between functions within the region.

“Develop a new node of tourism, education and bussiness activity in Pangkalpinang City within a green and sustainable environment.” Regional development mission: 1. Developing living and active areas through the provision of activities and facilities with diverse functions and capable of serving people with diverse backgrounds; 2. Developing areas with good accessibility and connectivity to understand the site legibility; 3. Developing ecologically and economically sustainable areas. DESIGN PRINCIPLE

Road and Pedestrian Network System Road network system is designed with a clear hierarchy to serve the needs of movement and connectivity. the circulation system is made by applying the principle of sustainability and adapting the human movement system within the region, by integrating the road corridor with pedestrian arrangement, green line and infrastructure corridor. structurally, the road network is divided into 2 hierarchies ie hierarchy 1 (ROW 17.5 m) and hierarchy 2 (ROW 12.5 m). The main access area is the bridge to the west of the area

Open Space and Landscape Strategies PUBLIC WATERFRONT ACCESS Provide public access to the waterfront area

WALKABLE CONNECTIVITY Provide good connectivity throughout the site for pedestrian by arranging the function within the walking distance (400 m radius).

11

SITE LEGIBILITY Provide a legible design through the establisment and arragement of functions and activities based on their linkage and connectivity.

FLOOD RESILIENCE DESIGN Design responses to the possibility of flood occurrence (disaster mitigation).

ROAD EFFICIENCY U ti l iz at i on o f ex i sti n g r oa d network to achieve eficiency in road infrastructure provision

DIVERSE ACTIVITY PROGRAMME Provide a diverse activities and function in the site to create a livable, vibrant, and sustainable environment.

As a CBD area that carries the concept of green, in general open spaces are designed in an integrated manner, providing continuous connections throughout the region. green open space is also an important part that serves to enhance the character of the region, creating an attractive and vibrant environment. Public open space is also a key element in the attractiveness of the region, by creating a place for activity and movement. Public open space opens opportunities for a wide range of public activities such as sports, ecotourism, urban arts festivals, etc. The total green area in the area is 50% of the total area, which consists of public, private, and water areas of natural water channels and retention ponds.


Apartment

50%

1.51

FAR

Mangrove Conservation Park

BCR

2 Star Hotel

Pedestrian Retail

MICE

Tin Park Museum

SOHO

Retail

4 Star Hotel

Shopping Mall

Amusement Park

Tourism School Academy

Grand Mosque

Islamic School

building intensity

50%

GCR Max Floor

7

ACTIVITY SUPPORT

12


pedestrian retail

3

grand mosque

commercial building

13


FINANCIAL FEASIBILITY

TRANSPORTATION FEASIBILITY

*

Transportation feasibility study is conducted to understand the impact of the development plan to the traffic volume increase in all main accesss to site. The * development plan is feasible in terms of transportation if the traffic generation is the same or less than the maximum traffic volume allowed based on the transportation study elaborated in Chapter 3 (Development Approach - Transportation). Based on the trip generation analysis, the traffic generated from the development plan of Green CBD Teluk Bayur - EcoEdutainment Park is 4,371 passenger car/hour (131 passenger car/hour fewer than the maximum traffic volume allowed which is 4,402 passenger car/hour). This shows that the development plan of Green CBD Teluk Bayur - EcoEdutainment Park is feasible in term of transportation. Sur j udp #I dvlolwdv

Facility Program

Luas Kavling

Luas Total Lantai Bangunan

Unit Kamar/ Tempat tinggal

Land Area

Gross Floor Area

Number of Room/ Dwelling Units

2

2

m

Wahana Taman Hiburan Amusement Park

Taman Timah

11,982

Tin Park

Sekolah Asrama Islam

11,835

Islamic Boarding School

Akademi Pariwisata MICE

16,759

MICE

Rumah Kantor (Rukan)

11,512

SOHO

Apartemen Terjangkau

10,121

Affordable Apartment

Hotel Bintang 2

7,971

2-Rated Star Hotel

Hotel Bintang 4

10,300

4-Rated Star Hotel

Mall Pejalan Kaki

21,081

Pedestrian Street Mall

Ruang Terbuka Publik Tepi Air Public Waterfront Open Space

DEVELOPMENT COST 41.966.000.000

23.375.000.000

TIN PARK

11.982

23.964.000.000

10.950.000.000

ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL

11.835

65.092.500.000

Bangkitan Transportasi

63.486.000.000

TOURISM ACADEMY

10.581

58.195.500.000

PEDESTRIAN STREET MALL

21.081

168.648.000.000

9.333.090.000

SOHO

11.512

115.210.000.000

3.504.000.000

2 STAR HOTEL

7.921

71.739.000.000

9.738.200.000

4 STAR HOTEL

10.300

123.600.000.000

56.648.000.000

AFFORDABLE APARTEMENT

10.121

80.968.000.000

5.472.000.000

MICE

16.759

184.349.000.000

85.848.000.000

PARKING AREA

43.675

163.591.000.000

11.424.672.163

Trip Generation smp/jam

smp/100m2 -

23,421

1.245

pasengger car/100sqm

292

smp/100m2 11,431

-

1.245

14,465

-

0.97

pasengger car/100sqm

142

smp/1,000 kaki persegi pasengger car/1,000sqfeet

151

smp/1,000 kaki persegi

10,581

Tourism Academy

Trip Generation Standard

Unit

m

20,983

Standar Bangkitan Transportasi

REVENUE

AREA 20.983

AMUSEMENT PARK

9,160

-

2.54

26,754

-

6.16

23,100

-

1.48

pasengger car/1,000sqfeet

250

smp/1,000 kaki persegi pasengger car/1,000sqfeet

1,774

smp/1,000 kaki persegi pasengger car/1,000sqfeet

368

smp/unit hunian 24,500

228

0.58

19,714

143

0.6

pasengger car/dwelling unit

132

smp/kamar pasengger car/room

��

smp/kamar 23,625

188

0.6

19,566

-

3.71

pasengger car/room

113

smp/1,000 kaki persegi pasengger car/1,000sqfeet

781

smp/100m2

22,645

-

-

1.245

pasengger car/100sqm

Ï I Ï ËH

282

4,371

DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

43%

KDB / BCR Development Area

50%

50%

Public Green Area

buil tu p ea

57%

% 50

ar

Private Green Area

non-built u pa re a

Total Area 200,571 sqm

Building

43% Private Circulation

43% Public Green Area

25%

Gross Floor Area

201,641 sqm

14


GEDEBAGE TECHNOPOLIS: THE ECO-LIVING HUB West Java Province is a province that is directed as a center of economic growth, especially in the function of tourism and industry. The dominant development then rests on the capital of West Java Province namely the city of Bandung. High population growth, causing limited land in the city of Bandung, this can be seen from the development of the area on the center of the city, north Bandung, west and south Bandung, so to overcome these problems the government of Bandung wants to do equitable distribution of development in Bandung area East. East Bandung Area in RTRW Bandung City 2014 is directed as KDP (Center for Urban Service) located in Gedebage Area. KDP Gedebage is directed as a "New Primary Center", with the development of Teknopolis Gedebage which aims to become a new primary center for better urban environmental quality embodied in runag arrangement, flood-free physical condition, and provision of facilities and infrastructure. Teknopolis the main base in the development of the region is a kosep trying to make Bandung as Indonesia Sillicon Valley where the workplace, residence and recreation place is in one area.

15

STUDIO RANCANG KOTA 3 Gedebage was originally in 1810 as an area of infiltration with the dominance of rice fields, since the establishment of Bandung Container Terminal (TPKB), making this area switched function to industrial areas and settlements. The main problem that often arises is this area is often flooded, this is because the region is in the lowlands with a flat slope of 0-8% and the lack of recharge area. Technopolis Gedebage development is located on an area of 800 ha, of which 500 ha of land is rice fields, gardens and moorlands. This development is expected to be able to overcome the flood problem and make Gedebage as ICT-based area. Obstacles and liminitas in Gedebage area become an important concern in the development of the area, not only create a beautiful area in terms of aesthetics but also able to overcome environmental problems, and patterns of movement in the region. Gedebage area is expected to become a new icon for the city of Bandung, which will accommodate some non pollutant industry and startup industry. To realize the development of sustainable areas and high movement system with "Design of Technopolis-based Gedebage Environment and Mobility. The purpose of planning and design of Gedebage Teknopolis is to "make Teknopolis Gedebage area a creative area based on environment and movement system", taking into account policy direction, identifying potentials and issues of regional development, concept development methods and developing design alternatives.


Strategic issues are key to finding the driving force of the development area. Some of the strategic issues of the development area include the development of Gedebage Baru Primary Center with a high level of quality and investment attractiveness, the development of the regional-scale Gedebage Market, the main Gedebage football stadium Gelora Bandung Lautan Api (GBLA) as the region's magnet counter East Bandung as well as a landmark of Bandung City that can generate economic activities of the region and surrounding areas, Container Terminal as a warehousing service and import goods export services, construction of KM 149 interchange toll road from Tol Padalarang - Cileunyi to the national road Soekarno Hatta and GBLA Stadium yamg is (Bandung Intra Urban Toll Road), the planned development of HST (High Speed Train) Bandung Jakarta and monorail stations, the construction of PLTSa (Waste Power Center), and the lake development plan to overcome the flood and maintain the balance of the environment. The driving forces of the development area include mobility, economy, living, environment and government as policy makers and decision makers of regional development. These factors become attributes in determining the development of the region by considering the sustainability and impact of each attribute in the development of the region. vernme

nv

ironme

nt

Go

E

Living

nt

Mobility

Ec

onomy

HIGH CERTAINTY

Connecting Low pollutant and sustainable Traffic generation Water management Green area Renewable energy Promote new city center Healthy, secure, and safety living environment Trend of public open space Eliminate social gap BEST Encourage future development of creative and USUAL CASE ICT-based industries and tourism development LOW IMPACT HIGH IMPACT LOW USUAL Encourage future development of creative and Increase social gap (economy and access) CASE ICT-based industries and tourism development Reduce social gap (economy and access) Land acquisition problem Trend of public open space Green area Land acquisition problem Traffic generation Postpone new city center Renewable energy Green area Low pollutant and sustainable

Connecting Low pollutant and sustainable Traffic generation Water management Green area Promote new city center Healthy, secure, and safety living environment Trend of public open space Reduce social gap (economy and access) Accomodate local small scale business employement

LOW CERTAINTY

16


LAND USE & INTENSITY

B A

4%

% 39 a

61%

r non built-u pa

14%

ea ar

e

5%

buil tu p

13%

24%

section B

17

residential commercial hotel

40%

section A

ofďŹ ce

public facility education


ROAD NETWORK

GREEN OPEN SPACE

Primary Road Pedestrian Path

Secondary Road Local Road

Based on the Detailed Spatial Plan of Bandung the roads are classified into 5 classes: primer arterial road, secondary arterial road, secondary collector, local road, and the highest hierarchy is pedestrian way. The road network is following the regulation to the point of secondary arterial road, while the smaller class is adjusted to the existing river. The road structure character were eventually adjusted to the predetermined concept of the building intensity, so that the blocks are determined by the road network. The road network system is continously connected to facilitate occupants in commuting within the area. The main character in this area is the application of 14 m wide great street that surrounded by the retails as the street’s showcase that the pedestrians are interested in walking from the station to the plaza in the southern part, and in a long-term development plan, it will be connected to the future office and shopping center. DEVELOPMENT INTENSITY

Pocket Park

The green area plan is already regulated in Detailed Spatial Plan of Bandung, laid accross north to south and from west to east that cover 35% of the site include public and private park, and crossed by manmade river and lake. As a green promoting development that improves environment quality, the green open space is designed to be integrated with the physical construction enabling the public activity and become the main attraction on the site. There will be many pocket parks tha function as pedestrian transitional area within 400 m and each consist of public bike sharing station. Green open space is not only visually attractive facility when it dries, it function as a retention pond when it rains. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM

Railway Monorail Bus Way Bus Way (Loop Line) Pedestrian Path Rail Station

Bus Station

Monorail Station

Bike Shelter

Pocket Park

Development intensity in this site is concentrated at TOD area as the highest intensity with 70% BCR. It spread with radial line from the center of the further area with lower building intensity. Development intensity in this area is managed through Building Coverage Ratio (GCR), Floor Area Ratio (FAR), Green Coverage Ratio (GCR), and maximum of total floor which allowed by KKOP standard is 180 m or 60 floors.

The plan of public transport system in this development area is offered the Bus system for the future stage of development. There are two routes of the public bus, the first one is from the old center to the new city center, Gedebage, and the second one is the loop system that move circularly around development area MRT and monorail, for future development will stop at the TOD and move to the public bus. For non motorized transport, this development area will be provide with bike sharing system that can be used by the people in this car for visitor. For the next step this public transport (bus, monorail, MRT and bike sharing) will be integrated.

18


Transit Hub As a transit-oriented development, the Transit Hub will be the main center of activity where movement are very active with a mixed function between office, residential, and retail. business

sleep

shopping

Great Street The Great Street is an special pedestrian and bicycle corridor that is very vibrabt with social activity, located in between pedestrian malls and extend from the transit hub in the north to the retail plaza in the south of the site. business

The Green Corridor The green corridor in the site development is not only functioned ecologically as a flood mitigation but also aesthetically and socially as an active green open space where people can enjo recreational activity within a natural environment. exhibition

19

recreation

music

fishing

planting

shopping

culinary

music


ACTIVITY PROGRAM

Creative District The Public Amenity District is located in the southern part of the site, with the main function as public facility and Green Open Space which aimed to give amenity for the people. This district also functioned as a buffer separating business and retail activity in the two district in the northern part with landed type residential area in the south-end of the GedebageTechnopolisSummarecon development. work

workshop

exhibition

Mid-rise Mixed Use This area consists of several building blocks with mixed functions which are commercial, ofďŹ ce, and residential buildings with typology form inspired by Barcelona Blocks in Spain which has open space in the center of building used as green and public areas. work

sleep

shopping

20


PERSPECTIVE

21


2

22


CONNECTING THE GAPS TRANSFORMING COMMUNITY: BANDARHARDJO FISH CURING INDUSTRY, SEMARANG BACKGROUND Indonesia is a maritime country which 2/3 of the its area is ocean Indonesia has a great potential for maritime & fisheries industry

8,9%

of national income came from fishery industry and the number are kept rising through the years

Marine & Fisheries Ministry, 2016)

Why Semarang ?

Fisheries industry is highly related to fisherman and coastal communities

0,87%

Number of fisherman compared with total Indonesia’s labors

(National Social & Economic Survey 2013)

1,6 million > 864 thousand The number of fisheries communities are decrease each year (BPS 2003 - 2013)

Semarang is Capital of Central Java

It actually has biggest opportunity & access Bandarharjo Fish Curing Industry is oldest & biggest fishery industry in Semarang

It affected by sea level rise

but it only contribute

1,71 %

of Central Java’s Fish Production

0,3 – 1 ton

Local fisheries and coastal community are somehow disconnected from its surrounding’s economy, physical, social and technology development, thus unable to leverage those development for their wellbeing

AECOM URBAN SOS: FAIR SHARE How to enhance the production, economies and wellbeing of the community ?

10%

number of production compared with another fish curing industry di Central Java

The number of fish processed fish curing industry are production a day decrease each year The market area are because of Jakarta, Bandung, Demak, uncertain income Tuban, Purwodadi, Magelang, Solo, Yogyakarta, Pacitan & Kalimantan


STRATEGIES ISSUES By utilizing digital platform to create connections between communities and its surrounding opportunity

42%

E-commerce growth in Indonesia Internet marketing can reach broader market

Resilient Community

74 million

Active social media user

72,7 million

Internet user

CULTURE LACK OF UNITY UNCLEAR DECISION MAKING NO SOLID PLAN FOR THE FUTURE NO INNOVATIONS IN PRODUCTS CONNECTION NOT YET CLOSELY CONNECTED INEFFECTIVE PARTNERSHIP NO LEVERAGING INFORMATIONS FLEXIBILITY NO AWARENESS ON FUTURE CHALLENGES NOT HAVING THEIR OWN RESOURCES NOT PROACTIVE

MARKET EFFICIENCY LOW SELLING PRICE SMALL SCALE PRODUCTION NO STANDARDIZE PRICE PRODUCTION STILL TRADITIONALLY LACK OF BRANDING & PACKAGING STABILITY UNPREDICTABLE FISH SUPPLY UNEFFICIENT FISH LANDINGS

POORLY MADE BUILDING SMOKE POLLUTION INEFFICIENT DESIGN FOR PRODUCTION RIVER POLLUTION NO SEWAGE TREATMENT POOR ACCESS

PRODUCT BRANDING Unique identity in the market place CULTURE Reactivating Cooperation System Rebuild Leadership

CONNECTION Creating ‘one door’ connection

FLEXIBILITY Educating Community

ONLINE SELLING Broader market area with ICT RESILLIENT COMMUNITY

MULTI-PURPOSE COOPERATION ALLIANCE DIGITAL PLATFORM

PRODUCT DIVERSIFICATION Distinguish a product to attract more market

UNITS MULTIPLICATION

PRODUCT INNOVATION Increase competiveness SHARED INFRASTRUCTURE Collaboration between needs and goods

EFFICIENT & CLEAN WORKSPACE Accommodate activities SUSTAINABLE INDUSTRY Production efficiency & environment management

ENCOURAGING CONNECTION Socialize & connect among stakeholders


PHYSICAL INTERVENTION

Shared & Connection

The Curing House Unit : Efficient, Inexpensive & Easy To Built

Information Center

The building materials mainly using bricks, bamboo, and concrete since that materials are inexpensive and easy to obtain, as well as fast installation.

Shared Facility

Facility Community center

The Site : Efficient Workspace Through site layout we wanted to create a much efficient workflow while also accomodating possible activity such as tourist visit.

Efficient & Clean Workspace Connections : Micro, Meso & Macro Through site layout we wanted to create connections. Within micro scale we wanted to strengthen the connection between worker, by proposing layout encourage communication. While in meso scale, we wanted to rebuilt and which strengthen the connections between the industry and Bandarharjo community. This industry were historically built and supported by the community, but now the connections were weakened. And last, in macro scale, we wanted to create connection between this industry with the whole city. Semarang has grown into an established trade city, through this connections we wanted this community can use it to accelerate their economy growth and to enchance their well being.

Green Industry

Sewage

A treatmemt

The System

As shown on the picture, the washing water will collected in washing water collector installed in each unit to then be treated in the sewage treatment system located below the guest parking lot. By combining both sewage water treatment and parking lot in one space we intent to utilize the available space. The swale will be used to filter water run off from surface before it goes to the river.

Aquaponic

B

C swale

25

Utilize the Waste The recidual from the process were almost none, since the worker able to use all part of the fish either to be cured or to be used as food for catfish farm nearby. However they still throw the washing water into the river, which then polluted the river. Thus we proposed both sewage treatment and swale system to help reduce the amount of river pollution. To make use of the fish residual, we also propose an aquaponic system, that can be taken care and used by the community.


siteplan

Community Center

Shared Facility : Storage & Foodcourt

Information Center

26


CONCEPT APPLICATION OF CLIMATE SENSITIVE URBAN DESIGN THROUGH ENVI-MET SIMULATION Indonesia as a tropical country which the character of its climate are hot and humid, the use of outdoor activity are often disrupted due to discomfort in thermal conditions. Massive construction of high-rise buildings in urban areas are caused by the increased of human population leads to reduced green and infiltration areas that impact to environmental imbalances and triggering microclimate changes with rising air temperatures on the surface. The increase of outdoor temperature in Jakarta has now exceeded the public comfort thermal standard and impact in the discomfort of daily activities. One of the areas that significantly experience the rise of temperature is the Central Business District (CBD). Therefore, in designing the CBD area, analysis to create thermal comfort conditions in order to improve the ease of outdoor activities is needed by an approach.

27

MASTER THESIS

This study aims to design the Kemayoran CBD through Climate Sensitive Urban Design especially in hot and humid tropical climate area and analyze thermal comfort level and optimal air conditioning in outdoor area. This research used quantitative method by generating the design using Climate Sensitive Urban Design principle through Envi-met 4.1 simulation program to find out the value of PMV, air temperature, wind speed and relative humidity conditions. The design area considers the configuration of buildings such as the distance between buildings, the average height, the orientation of the building, the width of the road, and the material of natural ground cover. The simulation was examined at February 15th and October 17th 2016 as the hottest and coolest month for the last 5th year, by testing two different design alternatives. Simulation results will show which produce more thermal comfort in outdoor space from the two designs, so it can be considered in the development of the next area.


Design Principles of CSUD

Design Alternative 1 Total GFA: 502.906 m2 Mall: 64.448 m2 Apartment: 173.998 m2 Hotel: 40,767 m2 OfďŹ ce: 222.693 m2

Design Alternative 2 Total GFA: 502.977 m2 Mall: 64.675 m2 Apartment: 175.436 m2 Hotel: 40,588 m2 OfďŹ ce: 222.278 m2

Building skyline

28


SIMULATION RESULT FEBRUARY, 15TH 2016 design alternative 1

29

design alternative 2


SIMULATION RESULT OCTOBER, 17TH 2016 design alternative 1

design alternative 2

30


Air Temperature From the result of comparison of air temperature of both design alternatives at 07 am, on February 15, 2016 as much as 34% of the area is mostly air temperature 24.40°C 24.45°C, while design alternative 2 most of the area is in the air temperature range 24.35°C - 24.40°C about 27%. On October 17, 2016, as many as 41.17% of air temperature in design alternative 1 was in the range of 27.40 ° C - 27.60 ° C, while in design alternative 2 most air temperatures were in the same range as design alternative 1 but as much as 43%. Based on the comparison, it is seen that the air temperature of design alternative 1 is slightly lower than the design alternative 2. Wind Speed

Visible graphs increase in the plaza area indicating a wind movement of about 1 m/s. On February 15th, the wind speed between 07 am, 12 pm and 5 pm is in the range 0 - 2 m/s. And on October 17th the wind speed in the central area in the design of a wind condition in the green space area was almost the same, with the wind power perceived by Beaufort scale largely quiet to a slight wind (0.28 – 3,32 m/s). Overall wind speed at 07 am in the morning also tends to be higher than the other two simulation time which is at 12 pm and 5 pm. On October 17, 2016, 18% of the wind speed in design alternative 1 was in the range of 1.25 m/s - 1.50 m/s, while in design alternative 2 as much as 23% with the same wind speed range of 1.25 m/s - 1.50 m/s. Based on these comparisons, it appears that the wind speed on February 15th, design alternative 1 tends to be higher than the design alternative 2. While on October 17th, design alternative 2 has higher wind speed than design alternative 1.

31

Relative Humidity Relative humidity of the area at three specified times has a range of values between 50% - 80% with the highest relative humidity being at 07 am with humidity between 70% - 80%. At noon 12 pm the humidity decreased by about 65% - 73% and at 5 pm the relative humidity became 54% - 63%. From the comparison result of relative humidity of both design alternatives, it can be seen that relative humidity at 07 am is higher than at 12 pm and 5 pm. The value of relative humidity is lower in the afternoon and evening, just as wind speeds are getting lower in speed at 12 pm and 5 pm. The relative humidity in design alternatives 1 and 2 measured at three times has a humidity between 54% - 77%. Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) Based on the simulation results, the PMV condition at 07 am is in the range of +0,5 to + 2,5 with the thermal conditions from slightly warm to hot. While at 12 pm, the PMV rises to +3.5 with very hot conditions, and at 5 pm the condition is slightly more comfortable than at 12 pm specifically from +2.5 to +3.5. The comparison of PMV values in the two design alternatives was analyzed by looking at the PMV value at 12 pm because the value was highest compared to other times at 07 am and 5 pm so that it can be used to analyze the thermal comfort level felt by people in hottest thermal condition. The PMV value in design alternative 1 tends to be lower than the design alternative 2. The value is indicated by the minimum and maximum value either on February 15th or October 17th.

Survace Area to Volume Ratio After calculating the S/V value of each building block and the total of areas, the value of design alternative 1 has a value of 0.123, higher than the design alternative 2 which has a value of 0,115. This suggests that buildings in design alternative 2 receive less heat from outside the building, so the thermal conditions in the building will be lower than the design alternative 1.

Solar Radiation Analysis The comparison results show about 60% 80% both of the area is exposed to solar radiation or more than 2373 hours per year, while design alternative 2 has a higher solar radiation intensity than design alternative 1, so design alternative 1 is cooler than design alternative 2.


apartment 35 floors

hotel 36 floors

CONCLUSION •

Thermal conditions in Jakarta in the afternoon on 5 pm are the highest air temperature rather than 7 am and 12 pm. It has caused by the material of the buildings that store heat from noon to evening and just released at night. Wind speed has an important role in improving thermal comfort in outdoor space in Jakarta compared to building shading based on analysis of solar radiation as the result of sun radiation level in outdoor is quite high about 60-80% for 1 year, through the site. Form of building configuration with a shape ratio of 1: 3 according to the tropics is more optimally to gain thermal comfort in outdoor space rather than the form of building configuration with typology based on 6 aspect that mention above.

apartment 32 floors office 32 floors office 26 floors

shopping mall 5 floors

section A

section B

32


THANKYOU ©karinadwik2018

urban design portfolio 2017 - karinadwi  
urban design portfolio 2017 - karinadwi  
Advertisement