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EID UL ADHA KHUTBA 10th Dhul-Hijjah 1430 27th November 2009


In the name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Gracious

The Sacrifice of Ibrahim:

Four M oral Lessons Dr Musharraf Hussain OBE, DL

he momentous sacrifice of Ibrahim and Ismail  has many lessons. Here are four lessons that I have gleaned:

During the battle of Badr, the Prophet was in the thick of the fight and his valour was evident. One night there was a lot of commotion outside Madina. People were frightened and came out of their homes. Some men mounted their horses and went to investigate. They were surprised to meet the Prophet  com1. Patience ing back. He explained to them that it was Abu Talha’s horse To have patience means to remain calm and composed in times that had gone on a rampage. of difficulty. This moral virtue manifests in different ways: waiting for one’s turn, getting up early in the morning for prayer, His courage and boldness cannot be underestimated as he stood walking to the mosque, fasting and avoiding worldly pleasures, against the arrogant, ignorant and proud Makkans. He did not make a single compromise on his principles. He challenged the and so on. ‘idolators’, he stood up against the oppressors and stood by the The Quran makes dozens of references to patience, for example: oppressed. “O believers! Be really patient” (Surah Al-Imran: 200) 3. Nurturing and developing good qualities in our children “And indeed we will try you with fear, hunger, damage to your The father Ibrahim after telling his dream asked his teenwealth and lives and give glad tidings to the patient.” (Al-Baqara: age son Ismael “What do you think?” by seeking his opinion, he 155) was making him part of the decision. The Messenger once said, “The affairs of a believer are most The spontaneous response was “O dear Father! Do as you have strange: they are all good. This is only for the believer. In good been commanded you will find me patient”. Ismael had been times he is grateful to Allah and in difficult times he is pa- trained and educated by Ibrahim who as described by the Quran tient.” (Muslim) was “Gentle, a role model of purity and goodness”. Anas reports that the Messenger  passed by a woman who was crying near a grave. The Messenger told her, “Fear Allah and be patient.” She retorted, “Be off, for you have not been affected like me”. She did not recognise him. Someone told her that he was the Messenger of Allah, so she went to the Messenger’s apartment to apologise. She said “I didn’t recognise you.” He told her that “Patience is when you are first struck by affliction.”(Muslim)

Today we live in a free society, something we all cherish – however there is a need to learn self-restraint, self-control and develop a sense of responsibility, so we do not get trapped in consumerism. 4. Diversity & pluralism ... love all humanity. This is to acknowledge the fact that all humans are different in their language, culture and ethnicity yet all equal, share their brotherhood and sisterhood in humanity. They are all children of Adam & Eve. Therefore, they are equal. Ibrahim is the father of Jews, father of Jacob, Joseph, Moses, David & Suleiman. They are also all Jewish prophets that we as Muslims have to believe. “We make no distinction between them” (Quran).

Ibn Masud said, “I visited the Messenger  when he was ill with fever. I said, ‘you have high fever.’ He said, ‘Yes, my fever is equal to two men’s fever.’ I said, ‘Then will you get double the reward?’ He said, ‘Yes, when a believer is injured or pricked by a thorn, he is rewarded, his sins are erased and they fall off him like the leaves fall off a tree.’” (Bukhari) We have to live together in harmony with people of other faiths, cultures and ethnicities. When our beloved prophet arrived in 2. Courage Madina, he found that there were Jews, Pagans and Muslims. To withstand difficulties and to endeavour to achieve great He made a legal agreement known as Sahifat ul Madina – constiworks at risk to one self – its reflected in our behaviour when we tution of Madina. In this he wrote “We the Jews, Pagans and become self-reliant, have a sense of responsibility and feel free Muslims will live together as one community”. Last month I visto achieve our ambitions. The opposite of courage is cowardice: ited Bosnia with a group of Muslims and Christians I saw how being afraid of taking necessary risks, scared of being injured, Muslims in the past honoured the prophetic tradition. We went fearing loss. Courage is the ability to face danger and fear. to the Serb orthodox church and the priest pointed to a plaque Qadi ‘Iyad said, “The Prophet was often to be found in dan- at the entrance saying the Muslim ruler Sultan Mehmet gave a donation for building this church. When we went to the Roman gerous situations. He went more than once into difficult places from which the valiant and heroic had fled. He was firm and did Catholic seminary, they proudly showed us a five hundred year old letter which gave the Roman Catholics the right to to freely not leave. He advanced and did not retreat nor waver.” (Alteach and preach in Bosnia. Shifa) Ibn Umar said, “I never saw anyone more courageous, intrepid, generous or pleasing than the Messenger  of Allah.” (AlDarimi)

This clearly shows that Muslims lived in harmony with other faiths. Here in Britain we need to do the same; become caring for our neighbours and work hard for the prosperity of our country.

“To help individuals & families learn life skills & develop moral & spiritual values through education, worship & recreation”

Eid ul Adha 2009 Khutba  

Khutba (sermon) by Dr Musharraf Hussain DL, OBE. Karimia Institute, Nottingham