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Inviscid Flow

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Reduce transfer delays and promote a seamless journey Multi-modal Transportation from origin to destination Transportation networks should be planned with the aim of integrating different modes of transportation. Commuters should be able to transition from autonomous cars to regional rail to local transit with minimal transfer times. Wayne Junction and Chelten Avenue Stations should be given first priority within the Germantown neighbourhood. A bikeshare modelled on the public-private partnership of autonomous car should be considered.

$ 340,000 of $ 17 million*

Fit roadways to match reduction in vehicle throughput Due to reduction in vehicles, transportation planners should be proactive in identifying roadways where there will be excess capacity. Germantown Ave and Chelton Ave have been identified in our site as candidates for lane reduction. Space savings will allow for the installation of bike lanes, RAP stations, and green infrastructure. Pedestrian crosswalks can be improved through the installation of bulb-outs.

Bioretention cells for 1 mile of road on each of Wayne Ave/ Germantown Ave @ $25 per feet.

Create 1500 (5 ft x 2.5 ft) underground parking spots @ $75 per square feet.

$0

Cost for lane reductions factored into construction of bike lanes, RAP stations, bioretention cells, etc.

Stop

0 - 25 MPH

Walkway Buffer 7’ 3’

Germantown Ave IIBuffer Walkway Travel LRT LRT - Phase Travel 9’

9’

9’

9’

3’

7’

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Wayne Ave Phase 2

Walkway BufferGermantown Travel LRT LRT TravelII Ave Phase Phase II 7’ 3’ 9’ 9’ 9’ 9’

Buffer Walkway 3’ 7’

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Germantown Ave - Phase II

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*costs based on a Federal/State contribution, 2014 SEPTA Capital Budget

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15 - 0 MPH

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$ 250,000

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WayneAvenue Avenue Wayne - 10 MPH 2525 - 10 MPH

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25 MPH MPH MPH 25 MPH 1010 MPH 10 10 - 25- 25 MPH

MPH 10 10 MPH MPH - 25- 25 MPH - 10 MPH1010 2525- 10 MPH

25 MPH 25 MPH

Germantown Transportation Terminal ?

Walkway Buffer Buffer 7’ 3’ 3’

Bike 6’

LRT 9’

LRT 9’

Bike 6’

Buffer Buffer Walkway 3’ 3’ 7’

Walkway Buffer Buffer 7’ 3’ 3’

Bike 6’

LRT 9’

LRT 9’

Bike 6’

Buffer Buffer Walkway 3’ 3’ 7’

Commercial & Retail

Windrim Street

Pedestrian Activated Illuminating Crosswalks in Residential Areas

Service Area

Train Station

Underground Connection to Germantown Streetcar

1 - Pedestrian stands at the edge of the sidewalk waiting to cross the intersection 2 - Vehicles receive a signal to stop for pedestrian and a crosswalk illuminates, signalling that it is safe to cross

Walkway Buffer Buffer 7’ 3’ 3’

Bike 6’

LRT 9’

LRT 9’

Bike 6’

Buffer Buffer Walkway 3’ 3’ 7’

Berkley Street

Car Pick-up

Automated Parking

Wayne Avenue 25 - 10 MPH 25 - 10 MPH 10 MPH

10 MPH 10 - 25 MPH 25 MPH 10 - 25 MPH

25 MPH

Regional Rail Network Plymouth Meeting

Expressway Existing Regional Rail

Conshohocken

Proposed Light Rail Transit Chestnut Hill

Chestnut Hill East

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Chestnut Hill West Norristown

To New York

Germantown

North Philadephia Tioga

North Broad

#2

To Baltimore Washington D.C.

#1 #2

En-route En-route

Occupancy Destination Charge 2/5 4/5

Temple University

Suburban

PAS Real-Time Tracking Vehicle Status

30th Street

Wayne Jun.. Wayne Jun..

79% 72%

1

2

To Baltimore Washington D.C.

Market East

West Kensington

Ave

Safe | Efficient | Environmentally Clean | Fast | Mobility | Time

Consultant-developed Urban Design Guidelines. Provide redevelopment grants through Philadelphia’s Neighbourhood Stabilization Grant.

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Provide mobility for those with limited transportation options

$ 10,000

Minimize the reliance on traditional stormwater systems The replacement of curbs and the installation of vegetated swales and bioretention cells will help alleviate flash flooding through infiltration and improve water quality through the uptake of pollutants and nutrients. Native water and salt-tolerant plants should be selected. Permeable pavements should be installed in low traffic locations including parking lots and tertiary roadways.

Roadway Design

Buffer Walkway 3’ 7’

Track rehabilitation @ $250 million 20 LRT vehicles @ $1 million eac*.

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Reduced cost of travelling due to efficiency

Info Board 2

$ 5 million of $270 million*

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Lower environmental impact from reduced congestion

Travel 9’

Public Transportation

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Have more time for other activities while in their car

#1

LRT 9’

Add 1.5 miles of bike lanes @ $30,000 per mile.

Ave

Banner

Destination

LRT 9’

$ 45,000

Support multi-modal trips with cycling infrastructure Where possible, existing car lanes will be coverted into bike lanes. Bike lanes should be differentiated from car lanes through use of materials and patterns.

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Move more efficiently due to predictable patterns, and reduced space required for vehicles

Info Board 1

New Auto Routes

Travel 9’

Add 55 RAP stations @ $100,000 per station Two-Phase approach.

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Create safer roads (90% of current accidents are caused by human error as opposed to mechanical error)

Existing Auto Routes

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Walkway Buffer 7’ 3’

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Benefits of the Autonomous Vehicle

GIS software has the capability to model complex transportation networks by integrating road networks and trip patterns. This capability is already being used to optimize the services of vehicle reliant businesses such as postal services or public transit systems. It is expected that this tool will be able to automatically match similar trip requests while improved GPS technology will allow real-time tracking of all vehicles. This will result in substantially higher occupancy rates and more reliable arrival/destination times.

Wayne Avenue

$ 5,500,000

Recognize the reduction in vehicle ownership and parking RAP (Randon Access Parking) stations represent an access point (ie. bus stop), an electronic fuel source (ie. gas station) and a storage area (ie. garage). Stations should be sited based on a 500 metre radius for resident’s ease of access.

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Network Analysis and Real-Time Tracking

Germantown Ave - Proposed Conditions

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4 A cost will be charged based on the type of vehicle they requested, total distance traveled and privacy settings

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3 Users will tap their universal transportation payment card as they board their PAF (Philadelphia Autonomous Fleet) driverless vehicle

0 - 25 MPH

Ave - Proposed Conditions PhaseGermantown I

Pedestrian

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Autonomous vehicles will be widely used in all developed countries by 2050

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2 The requested car arrives at the user’s location

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The population of Germantown is expected to be 20,000 by 2050

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Steps 1 Users call for a car of their choice through a mobile application or through a service request placed at a Random Access Parking (RAP) Station

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All autonomous vehicles will have a central GPS system which will track the location of all vehicles.

Stop

0 - 25 MPH

Wayne Ave Phase 2 Phase II Ave Phase 2 Wayne

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By 2050, all vehicles manufactured will be fully autonomous with no intervention available to drivers. Each vehicle will have a communication device installed to communicate their movement patterns with other vehicles. Autonomous vehicles will also have traffic by-laws (eg. speed limits) implemented in their system, reducing signage and signals on roadways. Any remaining transportation methods such as bikes, motorcycles and trucks will be retrofitted to enable wireless communication with autonomous vehicles and other modes.

ETA

Stop 15 - 0 MPH25 MPH 15 - 0 MPH

Germantown Ave - Proposed Conditions

25 MPH

Vehicle Storage

Retrofit Wayne Ave @ $100,000 per intersection

25 MPH

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Major Redevelopment

Wayne Avenue

$ 700,000

Stormwater Management

Wayne Avenue

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Focused Corridor

Time

Existing Conditions on Germantown Ave facing West - Existing Conditions Germantown Germantown Ave facing West - Existing Conditions Cycling

Adapt pedestrian crosswalks for autonomous vehicles Pedestrian crosswalks will no longer be dependent on traffic lights or stop signs. Weight-activated sensors will communicate a desire to cross to all nearby autonomous cars. This will prompt a cross walk to be illuminated, signalling the pedestrian to safely cross the road.

Improve mobility through continual transit improvements Construction of LRT or subway systems will provide citizens with more frequent,faster and less crowded transportation options. Restoration of the Germantown-11th & 12th Street Trolley Line (Route 23) will provide citizens with direct access to Central Philadelphia and alleviate crowding on the Regional Rail system. Future opportunities to expand the Trolley to Conshohocken and Plymouth Meeting can be explored. Improve economic health through residential Neighbourhood Revitalization intensification and commercial development Planners should promote infill opportunities within the existing lot sizes and discourage lot consolidation and large-scale demolition. Urban design guidelines should be developed based on an ideal building that ranges from 3-5 stories, incorporates active street fronts and promotes mixed use activities. Particular attention should be given to developing Germantown Ave as the Central Walkable Commercial Corridor.

Vehicles will alternate between charging stations (terminals and RAP stations) andfacing the servicing users onConditions the road. Germantown Ave West - Existing

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Proposed Transportation Terminal

Driveways will be eliminated as personal vehicles will no longer be common

Automobile

Cost

Pedestrian Safety

Active Transportation

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Blocks

Random Access Parking.

Driverless vehicles will automatically rearrange themselves to peak locations at different times of the day based on previously collected demand and supply data.

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Phase II

By 2030, all vehicles manufactured will be driverless with driver intervention only during emergencies. These vehicles will operate using sensors which will detect obstacles, traffic signs and signals. All vehicles will run electronically and will require electronic charging stations that fully charge a vehicle in under an hour.

The population movement will be high in residential areas during the morning and evening peaks as well as during the evening and high in industrial and commercial areas during the day

Wayne Ave Phase 1

LOS D borders on a range in which small increases in flow may cause substantial increases in delay and decreases in travel speed. LOS D may be caused by adverse signal progression, inappropriate signal timing, and/or high volumes.

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Railway

Wayne Phase I Ave Phase 1

LOS C is stable traffic; however, there is more restriction in maneuvering and changing lanes than at LOS B. There may be lower travel speeds due to longer queues and/or adverse signal coordination..

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Buildings

Technology Choice

If the public-private fleet system provides a vehicle for every 10 people, 1,530 vehicles wil be required to service Germantown

LOS B is reasonably unimpeded traffic at average travel speeds. The ability to maneuver within traffic is slightly restricted, and there are no control delays at signalized intersections.

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Rail Stations

No Changes

The public-private autonomous fleet will be available throughout the Philadelphia Region

LRT to Downtown Philadelphia

Random Access Parking (RAP) Stations

RAP stations will be located throughout Germantown as on-street features similar to bus stations. Stations will be implemented in a two-phase process with major arterials and roadways planned to be serviced by RAP stations by 2030. These stations are shared by all PAF (Philadelphia Autonomous Fleet) vehicles. Any autonomous vehicle can park at any available RAP station or parking space in the multi-modal terminals.

Wayne Ave Phase 1

LOS A is free-flow traffic at average travel speeds. Vehicles are completely unimpeded in their ability to maneuver within traffic. Minimal control delay at signalized intersections.

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1 Miles

Minor Redevelopment

Assumptions

Transit

Definition of Servicing Levels

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0.5

Random Access Parking Phase 1 Random Access Parking Phase 2

Precedents

Expected Circulation Existing Residential Wayne Ave Existing Conditions Wayne Ave - Existing Conditions Conditions Wayne Ave - Existing Conditions

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40 m i

30 - 40 mins

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Highlights of Projects on Wayne Avenue

Projects

Light Rail Transit system with one lane of autonomous vehicle travel in each direction. Focus will be on the pedestrian experience along the avenue.

To Chesterhill, Conshohocken

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Germantown Avenue Phase I

LOS F travels at extremely low speeds in the urban street flow. Congestion is likely at major signalized locations, with high delays, volumes, and extensive queuing.

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10 - 20 mins

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Highlights of Projects on Germantown Avenue

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1.3 cars/household 20

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20 mins

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LOS E has significant delays caused by a combination of adverse progression, high signal density, high volumes, extensive delays at critical intersections, and inappropriate signal timing.

1.3cars/household cars/household 1.3 0

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Average Travel Time for AverageVehicular Travel Time 2.3 persons/household 10 m Residents in

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US National

266.4

2.3 persons/household persons/household 2.3

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34,207 median income/household

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Germantown

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PHASE II - 2050

$$

550.5

$$

$34,207 median income/household 34,207 median income/household

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Crime Index

17,000 estimated estimatedpopulation population

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Central Philadelphia

To Atlantic City

Germantown Avenue Phase II

Phase II would provide further improvements to improve the pedestrian experience through street-level retail development. Re-orienting Germantown Ave as a Central Commercial Corridor will bring this historic avenue back to life and restore Germantown as the shopping destination in Philadelphia.

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Current Stats

17,000 estimated population

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Capable of Augmented Reality

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Phase I

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Multi-interfaced Smart Glass

Level of Service

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Philadelphia Autonomous Fleet

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In this rendition of Germantown, there will be a fundamental shift in the land use planning process. The reduction in car use will free up large amounts of land currently dedicated to cars and allow planners to re-design places for people. Inviscid Flow will highlight this shift to people-centric planning through a combination of innovative infrastructure design and targeted redevelopment areas: 1. Bioretention cells will provide pedestrians with landscaping treatments, improve stormwater management and reduce urban flooding. 2. Infill developments from vacant parking lots will direct retail investment to the Germantown neighbourhood. 3. Dedicated transit lanes – LRT & BRT – and bike lanes built on surplus car lanes will support multi-modal transportation and promote a healthy lifestyle.

Municipally funded infrastructure PAF Private company owns fleet, maintenance, and operations Individuals pay per use for transportation Liability for carshare: Covered by a small fee each time car is rented

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The way in which society currently interacts with vehicles will be obsolete. Technological improvements such as network analysis, real-time GPS tracking and RAP stations will ensure the feasibility of a community-based car-share system and result in substantially higher occupancy rates in tandem with lower vehicle ownership rates. Infrastructure to support active transportation and public transportation options will further encourage a modal shift away from cars.

Public-Private Carshare System

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Inviscid Flow envisions movement as a seamless and effortless task. The widespread introduction of autonomous cars represents an opportunity to rethink how citizens can travel from point to point. This plan will be implemented in two phases scheduled for completion in 2030 and 2050.

of autonomous vehicles owned by 100% public-private fleet

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Inviscid / ɪnˈvɪsɪd / [a liquid] having no or little viscosity; free flowing

PHASE I - 2030

100%

Our Vision

“Seamless integration of multiple modes through an adaptive and transferable system”

Implementation Items

Management System

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Urban Dynamics Consulting Ltd.


Inviscid Flow