[Dundee Meadows] (Night Couple, n.d.)
(Riverside Park, n.d.)
(Turner Creek Park, n.d.)
Sense of Place
Merrilee Pan 20386838 Karen (Yuen) Lai 20388773
[Table of Contents]
Regional Plans >Region of Waterloo Growth Management Strategy >Waterloo Regional Official Plan >Wilmot Township Official Plan >Conclusion Place Making >Place Identity >Place Dependence >History >Enclosure >Dividedness >Water Feature >Mystery & Exploration >Focal Points References
1 2 4 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 16 (Fish Creek Park, n.d.)
Dundee Meadows will promote a strong intergenerational community by accommodating a variety of uses, preserving Dundee Meadow’s natural values in order to create a healthy living environment, while also providing a sense of place for its residents and visitors. A mix of residential housing types, in addition to commercial and recreational activities, will enhance the sense of community.
(Trees and Sense, n.d.)
Low impact development will be mandatory to protect the site’s agricultural uses and environmentally sensitive lands Sense of place will be created through distinct, interactive and meaningful focal points as well as the creation of curiosity to encourage exploration throughout the site.
(Vince’s Playgound Project, n.d.)
(Amy’s Daily Dose, n.d.)
[Region of Waterloo Growth Management Strategy]
The Region of Waterloo has developed a long-term Growth Management Strategy, determining how future residential and employment growth will be accommodated in the region, as well as maintaining and improving the existing high quality of life in communities. In order to accommodate for the future growth, the strategy strives to positively shape the urban and rural form of the region by developing past initiatives, focusing on growth. This action plan promotes a more compact, transit and pedestrian-oriented community with focus on financial stability. With these objectives in mind, the strategy recognizes that time is needed in order to administer change and requires flexibility (Region of Waterloo, 2003). 1960
(Region of Waterloo, 2003)
[Region of Waterloo Growth Management Strategy]
Ultimately, the recommended strategy includes six goals involving the enhancement of the natural environment; building vibrant urban places; provision of greater transportation choices; protection of the countryside; promotion of a strong economy; and ensurement of the overall coordination and communication. However, for the purpose and relevance to Dundee Meadows, the most important goal is protecting the countryside. The strategy strives to maintain rural communities and landscapes, preserving agricultural lands in order to encourage the production of local foods, as well as recognizing the uniqueness of Mennonite and Amish cultures. Actions to be taken to achieve this goal is having a Regional Official Policy Plan (ROPP) amendment to incorporate the concept of countryside line. The countryside line marks rural and urban land uses to establish lands for prime agricultural uses and protects these lands from other land use conflicts and fragmentation. In addition to agricultural land protection, the strategy states to improve agricultural bases, addressing the production of local foods. Furthermore, the recommendation suggests for a permanent countryside line that would ensure the design of an urban boundary that neither promotes nor anticipates future development on the rural side of the line. The design criteria of the boundary line is discussed with area municipalities, agencies, stakeholders and the public. Lastly, the action plan identifies the preservation of cultural and heritage landscape, proposing a cultural heritage landscape assessment in order to identify and protect sections of the community; particularly Mennonite and Amish communities (RGMS, 2003). Therefore, the Regional Growth Management Strategy constrains development beyond the countryside line. (Region of Waterloo, 2003)
[Regional Official Plan] The overall goal of the Regional Official Plan with regards to the Countryside is to protect the rural characteristics of the countryside while also supporting the developments of strong and prosperous rural communities. (Region of Waterloo, 2006) According to the Regional Official Plan, our site is not within the Countryside Line, but also not a part of the Protected Countryside. The Countryside Line serves as a long-term boundary that exists between the urban areas and the countryside, preventing development outside of its boundary. In addition, our site is also situated within prime agricultural areas. It is also important to note that our site is also located in close proximity to the Rural Settlement Area of New Dundee, which is located outside the Countryside Line as well.
(Region of Waterloo, 2006)
[Regional Official Plan] The Regional Official Plan states that the townships (Wilmot in our case) may â€œpropose a rationalization of the Countryside boundaries to be implemented through further amendment of the planâ€? as long as it meets certain criterion. Significant to our site are the following criterion: the amendment must take into consideration existing property configurations, land use patterns, natural and constructed features, as well as prevent the extension or promotion of strip development. (Region of Waterloo, 2006) Expansion of existing Rural Settlement Areas are not permitted except in certain circumstances such as to accommodate future employment, recreational or institutional needs of the Township. Such an expansion will require an amendment to the Wilmot Township Official Plan (Region of Waterloo, 2006). In addition, since our site is within the designated Prime Agricultural Area, development is only possible if the land does not comprise of a specialty crop area; there are no reasonable alternatives to develop on lower priority agricultural lands or to avoid the Prime Agricultural Area; and potential impacts on any surrounding agricultural operations are mitigated to the extent possible.
(Google Maps, 2012)
(Australian Family Feeling, n.d.)
[Wilmot Township Official Plan] The Wilmot Township Official Plan has certain goals that it aims for in regards to agriculture and settlements. In regards to agriculture, it strives to preserve and protect vital agricultural areas for the production of foods, as well as provide an economic basis and employment supply for its community. The plan also aims to provide settlement needs for varying types of people living in the area and meet residential requirements for the projected population growth. The Wilmot Township Official Plan states that development outside a Rural Settlement Area is possible as long as they conform to a number of specifications. These include housing policies and the residential growth strategy, which also involves projecting future land requirements in order to accommodate projected household growth within the Township. In addition, impacts of development on the adjacent agricultural operations must also be considered and development must conform to the minimum distance separation. The developer also needs to examine impacts on Environmental Areas and Heritage Resources and have detailed environmental and servicing studies. Lastly, it must be ensured that individual wastewater treatment systems and private wells are not used. (Township of Wilmot, 2006) The Wilmot Township Official Plan has put aside lands located in the northeast corner of the New Hamburg Urban Area for future residential, commercial and industrial development within the Wilmot Township, even though it is not anticipated to accommodate growth before 2016 (Township of Wilmot, 2006). This will mean that the area can potentially be developed if permitted by the Township when the need arises.
(A Capital Idea, n.d.)
[Conclusion] According to three plans discussed above, it can be concluded that although The Region of Waterloo’s Growth Management Strategy’s goal is to protect lands beyond the Countryside Line and constrain development beyond the coutryside line (Region of Waterloo, 2003). However, the Regional Official Plan and Wilmot Official Plan state that development outside the boundary is possible as long as there is shown to be a need for growth within the township, and as long as certain regulations are followed. The Wilmot Township Official Plan had indicated that New Hamburg’s settlement area boundaries can be expanded for further development if needed (Township of Wilmot, 2006). This can be used as a precedent for our site, as it means that it is possible to consider our site as an expansion of New Dundee’s settlement area. As our site is situated in close proximity to New Dundee, an existing Rural Settlement Area, if it can be proven that there is a need for residential, employment, recreational or institutional uses within the Township, an expansion to the New Dundee Rural Settlement Area may be permitted by the Wilmot Township Official Plan.
(Township of Wilmot, 2006)
(Township of Wilmot, 2006)
[Place-making] Jorgensen & Stedman (2001) defines sense of place as involving multiple dimensions including the belief of a relationship between an individual and the place, that the place installs a feeling within the individual towards the place and that the place is unique and exclusive compared to other destinations. It can also be defined as the meaning that an individual attaches to a spatial setting, emphasizing human emotions and relationships as they live in it (Jorgensen & Stedman, 2001). There are many factors that contribute to the creation of a sense of place. Two main principles are place identity and place dependence, which although have unique definitions may have many overlaps. Place dependence contrasts with place identity (or attachment) in two main ways: first of all, place dependence can be negative; and second of all, the connection between the individual and the space is based on behavioural goals instead of general affect (Jorgensen & Stedman, 2011).
(What is placemaking?, n.d.)
(What is Placemaking?, n.d.)
[Place Identity & Place Dependence] [Place Identity and Attachment]
Place identity describes how an individualâ€™s dimensions of self defines their identity relative to the physical environment through ideas, beliefs, preferences, feelings, values, goals, and behavioural tendencies. This concept includes place attachment, which is the emotional bond or attachment that exists between the individual and the environment. Researchers have found that place identity and attachment grows throughout time as individuals use the area (Harmon, L.K., Zinn, H.C., & Gleason, M., 2005). The stronger the attachment or identity, the greater sense of place the area has on the individual. Place identity is therefore created through relationships with other people (Jorgensen & Stedman, 2011).
Place dependence is an individualâ€™s dependence on a place and how well it serves their needs compared to other places that may serve the same needs. The concept suggests that the interaction between attributes of a place and social behaviours plays an important part in determining the relationship between people and place (Neilsen-Pincus, M., et. al., 2010). The association that is created may not be positive, but may just be the best alternative compared to other places. Place dependence is mainly created through the design of the physical environment in the area (Jorgensen & Stedman, 2011). There are six types of place dependence and this report will briefly touch upon the cretion of history, sense of enclosure, dividedness and water features, followed by a more in depth explanation of the sense of mystery & exploration, and focal points of interest.
(The art of place-making, n.d.)
(Oral History, Wendell Berry, and Memory as Membership (I), n.d.)
(Transit-Oriented Development, n.d.)
Name: Iidabashi Plano Architect: Earthscape Year: 2009 Location: Tokyo, Japan
Name: Porsche Pavilion Architect: Henn Architekten Year: 2000 Location: Wolfsburg, Germany
In order to create a sense of History, the space must capture the setting’s historical context. (Lewis, J., 2012)
The “Time Tree”, centred at the main entrance of a residence narrates the story of Fujimi Ni-Chome and Toyo in words and images on plaques. There are also lines that extend from the tree like roots moving from old information to new. This feature shows historical context as it educates the public about a significant point in the history of Japan. The Time Tree concept could be used within our site to explain the cultural and agricultural history of our site and to remind future generations of the natural significance and its uses before our site was altered. (Iidabashi Plano by Earthscape, n.d.)
Enclosure creates a place that is comforting, safe, distinct, provides shelter from the elements and creates a semi-private realm. (Lewis, J., 2012, Haile, 2012)
The Porsche Pavilion is designed after the Porsche brand, mimicking the ‘dynamic flow of driving’. A sculptural piece of the building hovers over the surface of a built-in lagoon. A walkway circles underneath this piece. The arch over the water creates a sense of enclosure as it shades users from rain and the sun, while still letting users experience the natural environment surrounding them. In regards to our site, a similar feature can be used to create enclosure, but the curves could represent the steady agricultural topography currently present in the area. The enclosure does not completely isolate users from the natural environment, but provides a comforting space in which they can relax. (Porsche Pavilion, n.d.) 10
Title: Taste the Slope Landscape Architect: Active City Transformation Year: 2011 Location: Ponte de Lima, Portugal
Dividedness allows a space to be more interesting even if a pedestrian is simply passing through or wanting to stay in the area. (Lewis, J., 2012)
“Taste the Slope” of Active City Transformation strives to create a public understanding about the foods that people consume. The design is to create a garden with terraces, built with different sized boxes, stairs and platforms. With it’s unique layout, different social groups can occupy the garden. This allows residents and visitors to be an integral part of the garden. This feature shows dividedness through the uses of stairs and platforms as well as the different locations of the garden which gives pedestrian a more interesting experience within the area. This structure characterizes our site because it promotes a strong community by uniting residents through the uses of gardening (Furuto, A., 2011)
Water Features affects how it’s perceived through sound, light, texture and microclimate (Lewis, J., 2012)
The “Marienplatz” (Marien square) was redeveloped to encompass the uniqueness of the location between the former fortifications and historical succession of the squares within the Old Town of Görlitz. The water feature within the square is represented as a modern adaptation of moats and can be used for many different purposes such as live performances. This feature exhibits water in a variety of ways; used as a fountain and play area for children.
Title: Goerlitz Marien Square Landscape Architect: R. Landschaftsarchitekten Year: 2002 Location: Görlitz, Germany
This particular water feature could be representative of our site because it complements the existing river that runs through the site, preserving the natural values of the community. (Goerlitz Marien Square by Rehwaldt Landschaftsarchitekten, n.d.)
[Mystery & Exploration] Creating a sense of mystery or exploration in a place invites users to explore the site. A place with a sense of mystery uses many curves to obstruct clear views or vista to create a visual gateway to the next view. This creates a sense of curiosity, which encouraging users to go around the corner or to interact with the space. (Lewis, J., 2012) Roombeek the Brook is a small stream named after a commercial street that has been incorporated along with the urban environment. The design is asymmetrical as it widens and narrows along the stream and the sharp stepping stones represent the random natural processes.This feature creates a sense of exploration & mystery as the stones are placed in a changing pattern, causing users to interact with the stones. As the user looks down the stream, they see the pattern of stones and go there to explore that space. Name: Roombeek the Brook Architect: Buro Sant en Co Year: 2005 Location: Enchede, The Netherlands
This component can be an opportunity to used our site to create a strong interactive community as well as highlight the stream that flows through our site. (Rombeek the Brook, n.d.)
As an attempt to cheer people up during the dull winter days, the interactive light-based colourful panes of Eclats de Verre brought life to the square. There are also two cubes which change the lighting effects on the surrounding. During the day, sunlight casts colourful shadows through the panes and at night, spotlights are used. This feature creates a sense of mystery as the panes encourage individuals to explore the different shadows that are cast. The cubes at the centre are also interactive as moving them causes the entire surrounding to change, creating new surprises for all users. Name: Eclats de Verre Architect: ATOMIC3 Year: 2011 Location: Montreal Canada
A feature such as this could be installed in our site as an explorative tool. The shadows that are cast change depending on the time of day and year, creating mystery and a unique sense of (ATOMIC3, n.d.) exploration for old and new users.
[Mystery & Exploration Cont’d] The Toronto Music Garden is a garden mixed with music. Originally inspired by musician Bach’s Suite No. 1 in G Major for unaccompanied cello, BWV 1007, cellist Yo-Yo Ma collaborated with landscape architect Julie Messervy and others to create this musically interactive park. Each dance movement within the suite corresponds to a different section within the garden. Each section has its own unique characteristic corresponding to the mood of the music. This feature creates a sense of mystery and exploration as individuals walk through because the music encourages them to explore and experience each section of the park. Name: Toronto Music Garden Landscape Architect: Julie Messervy et al. Year: n.d. Location: Toronto, Canada
This feature can be used in our site to encourage users to explore and experience unique aspects of our site, strengthening the community as individuals will interact with the site and its users.
(Toronto Music Garden, n.d.; Park, Foresttry and Recreation, n.d.)
Lucerne Shines is a project created to deal with the litter problem in Lucerne. The city took 16 trash cans and created fun and interactive activities such as mazes, hopscotch boxes, and three point lines to make trash disposal more fun. This creates a sense of exploration as kids and adults alike would want to look for these trash cans so that they can interact with each trash can’s activities. There is also a sense of mystery as each trash can will have a different activity than the other.
Name: Lucerne Shines Initiated by: City of Lucerne Year: n.d. Location: Lucerne, Sweden
This idea can be implemented in our site, where a certain theme can create a strong sense of connectedness within the entire site, as well as be used to guide individuals through the site as a wayfinding tool.
(Good, Clean, Fun, n.d.)
Mystery & Exploration can be an effective tool to create a sense of place through a variety of ways. It can guide individuals through the site, while enabling them to explore the many unique aspects within it. In addition, it can engage individuals as they move through the site through interactive activities. Interaction and exploration help people familiarize themselves not only with the area, but also with the people who share the space with them, creating a strong community. 13
[Focal Point] Focal points of interest are created with features that symbolizes the unique character of a city; located at local or regional destinations. (Lewis, J., 2012) The Hackesches Quarter is represented as a remembrance to the former church Garnisonskirche. The square acts as a focal central point as an entrance for residents. The groups of plane trees bordered by a bench throughout the square represents the environment of the square and encourages people to stay and use the square as an amenity place. The Hackesches Quarter can be a model to our site because it creates a sense of place for residents. It can be a central place of gathering, socializing and relaxing. Title: Hackesches Quartier Landscape Architect: TOPOTEK1 Year: 2008 Location: Berlin, Germany
(Holmes, D., 2012)
The Bridgewater Focal Point Plaza is planned to be an interactive neighbourhood hub. It is at the centre of recreational green space and major roadway vistas, encouraging residents to relax and enjoy the outdoors. The Focal Point Plaza is placed in such a way that it will be seen from any street in the neighbourhood, designating it to be a landmark that also acts as a navigating service.
Title: Bridgewater Focal Point Plaza Firm: Nadi Design Studio Year: n.d Location: Winnipeg, Canada
The Focal Point Plaza could be used in our site because it creates a sense of identity to the area, acting as a navigational feature, which creates a strong connected community. (Bridgewater Focal Point Plaza, n.d.)
[Focal Point Cont’d] Living Light is a structure that displays real-time air quality and public interest in the environment. It is located across from World Cup Stadium in Peace Park. The objective of this building facade is to help and engage people with important environmental issues with lighting to create an interactive facade of the future. Realtime information is displayed when people text or use their laptops to interact with the building facade.
Title: Living Light Architect: Lee Min-soo Year: 2009 Location: Seoul, South Korea
Living Light may be a good example of preserving our site’s natural values by engaging and educating people about environmental issues, and promoting a healthy lifestyle. (Living Light, n.d.)
The Infinite Forest is the design for the future New York City AIDS Memorial at St. Vincent’s Hospital Park. As the name suggest, it acts as a memorial of the AIDS epidemic, remembering and honouring the dead. At the same time, the infinite forest is meaningful to all people such as children playing in the park or a place of relaxation and can also be used as an open area exhibition, learning and performance. Another feature of the infinite forest is the ability to write messages with chalk its stone walls to create a mural that is refreshed with every rain. Title: Infinite Forest Firm: Studio A+I Year: 2012 Location: New York, United States
The infinite forest is exemplary to our site because it creates an identity in the area with the use of interactions. (Stoelker, T., 2012)
Focal points of interest are useful in creating a sense of place, acting as a landmark or a gathering place where residents can interact with each in order to create a strong community. Furthermore, focal points can be used as a navigation tool for visitors to get around the area or even passing through. Focal points of interest determines what is representative of their community and creates a sense of identity for its users.
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[Dundee Meadows] “Where you want to be“
A consulting report and best practices for place-making for a potential greenfield development in close proximity to New Dundee, a small vil...