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Description and Classification of structural System & Graphic Structural Diagrams Foundations & Footings: Concrete Blinding Piers

Secondary Structure: Timber Frame Structure-Roof structure (joists)

Strip Footing

Pad Footing

Rafter Primary Structure: Exposed Aggregate Concrete – Floor system Columns – supports roof Timber Frame Structure – Roof structure (beams)- Horizontal primary structure


Week 5

Identification, Description and Location of Structural Materials

Brickwork- Clay Brick- Wall, column

Timber- Pine for rafter, stud wall, batten; LVL for ceiling joist Steelwork- For Roof Framing, beam, column, door header; reinforcing bar in foundation, bolting, connection, corrosion protection

Concretefooting, slab, wall <-pre cast concrete, concrete cover for columns, beams, footings

Joints Butt joint- â&#x20AC;&#x153;butt joints extend the length or width of a part by connecting the edges of two pieces of material in the same plane â&#x20AC;?

Pinned joint

Sawcut joints - benefits: Consistent joint dimensions (same width and depth at each cut) Straight, clean cuts Good joint filler performance Cost-effective concrete placements of any size

Weld- “To join (metals) by applying heat, sometimes with Screw-

pressure and sometimes with an intermediate or filler metal having a high melting point.”


Bolts- “A fastener consisting of a threaded pin or rod with a head at one end, designed to be inserted through holes in assembled parts and secured by a mated nut that is tightened by applying torque”

Sustainability and environmental analysis Steel




Carbon Footpri nt-





Recycla bility-

High- can be recycle, without loss of performan ce

It depends on the size, shape, type of material, the origin and transport method of the material; the process when manufacturing Only for Depends uncontaminat on the ed concrete - type and crushing, pre-sizing, year of sorting, screening and contaminant wood, elimination replant?

Highcrushing and reuse, but not very common (Source: CRC for Greenhouse Accounting)

Source: Lawson Buildings, Materials, Energy and the Environment (1996); * fibre cement figure updated from earlier version and endorsed by Dr. Lawson

In this case, Highest embodied energy: Galvanised steel > Timber > Concrete Embodied energy-PER EMBODIED ENERGY MJ/kg

Economic indication

- Cost compare to Revenue

Cessnock City Council, 2012, Building Cost Guide, ( Building%20Cost%20Guide%202012.pdf)

References: • The Free Dictionary, 2013, “Bolts”, “Weld”, viewed 05/09/2013, • Weld Craft, 2013, “GTA Welding Common Joint Designs”, viewed 05/09/2013, • World Steel Association, 2013, • Technical Manual, 2013, “5.2 Embodied Energy”, viewed 05/09/2013, • Greenspec, 2013, “Embodied Energy”, viewed 05/09/2013,

Week 5- presentation: Structural concepts updated  
Week 5- presentation: Structural concepts updated  

Week 6.1 Submission Constructing Environments University of Melbourne