Appropriate Use of Social Media and Cell Phones Karen Haase Harding & Shultz (402) 434-3000 firstname.lastname@example.org H & S School Law @KarenHaase
Raise your hand if … You have a cell phone You use text messaging You’ve taken photos with a cell phone camera You’ve ever forwarded a message You have Facebook, Tumblr or Twitter, Snapchat, Instagram
What’s Wrong with Cell Phones? Nothing! Cell phones are useful tools when used appropriately and with good judgment
What’s Wrong with Facebook? Again, nothing! Facebook is just like a cell phone – you have to use good judgment.
So how do kids get in trouble with technology? Cyberbullying Sexting Ignoring Internet Safety
Cyberbullying? Cyberbullying, v: the use of technology such as computers and cell phones to engage in repeated, and hostile behavior by an individual or group, that is intended to harm others.
Cyberbullying Example of cyberbullying on iChat (Appleâ€™s instant messaging)
Divagirl: Hey, loser, watch your back. tmt323: What r u talking about? Divagirl: Why don't you kill yourself while u r ahead? tmt323: Why can't you just leave me alone? Divagirl: Ugly girls like u need to be put in their place.
How Common is Cyberbullying? ď‚§ one in four students between the ages of 11 and 19 have been the victim of cyberbullying. ď‚§ Approximately 65 percent of kids know of someone who has been cyberbullied.
So whatâ€™s the big deal?
School-Related Consequences Neb. Rev. Stat. 79-2,137 Definition: “ongoing pattern of physical, verbal or electronic abuse” Consequences: • Loss of extracurricular privileges • Detentions • Short and Long Term Suspension • Expulsion • Alternative School Assignment
Examples Seattle, WA.: Students who “liked” Facebook page bullying a classmate all suspended Memphis TN: Honors student suspended for 180 days for commenting on a friend’s status
Civil Consequences Student and parents can be sued • Suing for money; no jail time • Homeowners insurance often pays • Judgments can result in home foreclosure and other hardship Suit can be for: • Intentional infliction of emotional distress • Tortuous interference • Slander
Cutler v. Morales (Nev.) Middle School student bullied • Made mean comments in school • Called her "Oompa Loompa" and "Dora the Explorer“ on FB and Twitter • Vandalized her house
She sued five families $10,00 0 per incident
Boston v. Doe (Ga. 2012) “Fatbook” Profile
Boston v. Doe (Ga. 2012) “Fatbook” Profile • Languages • Hobbies • Fake stories • YouTube Videos School didn’t punish Sued creators
Criminal Consequences for Cyberbullying Neb. Rev. Stat. 28-311.01 Terroristic Threats: “threatens to commit any crime of violence … • With the intent to terrorize another • In reckless disregard of the risk of causing such terror Class IV Felony punishable by: • Up to 5 years in prison and/or • $10,000 fine
In re Minor Child (Ala.) High school students arrested at school for threatening classmate on MySpace • Threatened to beat him up • Said they would plant a bomb in his locker • Said he deserved to die
Charged with making terroristic threats
State v. Clemmens
State v. Clemmens Arrested within a few hours Charged with making terroristic threats Sentenced to • 5 months probation • Banned in 4 counties • 2 years of no social media
Sexting? Sexting, v: (a combination of sex and texting) is the act of sending sexually explicit messages or photos electronically, primarily between cell phones.
How Common is Sexting? Sexually suggestive photos sent: • 20% overall • 22% girls • 11% young teen girls (ages 1316) • 18 % boys
How Common is Sexting? Sexually suggestive messages sent: • 39% of all teens • 37% girls • 40% boys 48% of teens say they have received sexting photos or messages.
Serious Consequences: Hope Witsell
Criminal Implications Under Nebraska Law Neb. Rev. Stat. 28-813 et. Seq. Makes sexting (images) a class IV felony for offenders under 19 Class IIIA felony for 19 and up Both punishable by: • Up to 5 years in prison and/or • $10,000 fine • Require sex offender registration
In re Katrina R. 15 year old texted nude pics to her BF Was adjudicated “a child who deports herself so as to injure or endanger seriously the morals or health of herself or others” • Placed in legal custody of HHS • 6 months’ probation • Required counseling and community service.
So What DOES Belong on Your Phone or Profile/Page?
Just ask your Grandma
The Grandma Rule: If you wouldn’t’ show it to your Grandma, don’t photograph it! If you wouldn’t write it to your Grandma, don’t text it! If you wouldn’t tell you Grandma about it, don’t post it! If you wouldn’t say it to your Grandma, don’t say it during a cell phone call!
Questions? (402) 499-0547 H & S School Law @KarenHaase