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Architecture Portfolio



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“The projects presented are a small insight into my work during my 5 years of study in the German University in Cairo, and are not shown in Completness,”


BS.c Degree Architecture & Urban Design Stuttgart University Agyption February 14th, 1993


+201009806307 9th District, Nasrcity, Cairo


Arabic: Mother tounge English: Very Good German: Elementary

PROFISSIONAL SKILLS Autodesk Autocad Sketch-up-Vray Lumion Rhino Grasshopper Adobe Photoshop Adobe Indesign Revit

PERSONAL SKILLS Accurate Hardworking Independence Flexible Energetic


Belgium Brussels Netherlands Amesterdam Den haag

DEC 2014

France Paris Italy Veince Rome Spain Barcelona

JUN 2015

Germany Munich Belgium Brussels Bruges France Paris Netherlands Amesterdam


Architecture and Urban Design -Graduated 2016Cumulative GPA 2.0 (Very Good).

Stuttgart University (B.Sc)

Bachelor thesis Program Grade: Excellent. GPA 1 (A) Institute for climate and artistic research in Stuttgart and Cairo. Supervised by Prof. Erwin Herzberger. -8th semester-

GUC Berlin Campus

Exchange program Semester Grade: Excellent.GPA: 1.41 (A-) -7th semester-


National High school degree (Thanwaya amma) 90%.



.JUNIOR TEACHER ASSISTANT:supporting students in Course of Material Market Research for Architectural Purposes workshop. .Supervised by: Dr. Wafaa Nadim / TA. Maha Elgawaly. .From: 11 July 2016 to 14 Aug 016. (4 weeks).


.TRAINEE ENGINEER:I was part of technical office team that draw shop drawing of Dunkin dounts Mall of Egypt and Addidas kids mall of Egypt by taking in consideration green stars. .From 02 June 2016 to 02 July 2016. (4 weeks).


.STUDENT:Site Visit to Mall of Egypt and knowing more about how Majid Al Futtaim’s new super mall in west Cairo will incorporate international best practices in sustainability and implement the best in green building strategies, also a strict health and safety policy on site .One Day 14 Apr 2016.


.STUDENT:Attending lectures by Mahmoud Mohamed Abdrabboh about how to make Successful sustainable Design. .From 06 Mar 2016 to 20 Mar 2016. ( 2 Weeks ).


.JUNIOR TEACHER ASSISTANT:Reinforce lessons presented by teachers by reviewing material with students one-on-one or in small groups and help teachers prepare for lessons by getting materials ready. .Supervised by: Prof. Erwin Herzberger / Dr. Ines schroder. Courses: Freehand Drawing and Descriptive Geometry. .From 1 Oct 2015 to 15 Jan 2016. (Winter semester) Courses: 3D Modeling and Visual Design. .From 1 Feb 2016 to 25 May 2016. (Spring semester).


.TRAINEE ENGINEER:I was part of technical office team that draw the shop Drawing for Export Development Bank of Egypt. .From 1 Aug 2015 to 15 Sept 2015. (6 weeks).


.TRAINEE ENGINEER:I was dealing as part of the site managment team in concordia villas Compound. .From 2 Aug 2014 to 13 Sept 2014. (6 weeks).

INSTITUTE FOR CLIMATE AND ARTISTIC RESERCH IN STUTTGART Introduction The first design is in Stuttgart, the capital of the state of Baden-WĂźrttemberg in southwest spread across a variety of hills, valleys and parks and often a source of surprise to visitors who primarily associate the city with its industrial reputation. The most remarkable point on the urban scale is that the site of Stuttgart is in the middle of the city, and in a very dense surrounding. The main aim of the project is to create a new spatial structure on the top of the building of the Stuttgart faculty of Architecture. It has to offer possibilities for artistic and climate research as well as rooms for staying for some weeks. My building will add a new approach to show the reflected image of Stuttgart on a layers of sharp and curve lines. It is important to understand the main focus of the project, where functionality of the building is not only about plan distribution and circulation, but also the function of the technical part, sustainability, and the experience how the new structure can be air conditioned by renewable energy sources of wind and sun is a major sign of design.

Stuttgart univercity 8th Semester


First Sktches At first, trial and error was implimented to find a form by 2D sketches within different typologies like Intersecting Masses, Courtyard and Sharp Edges. Also, by forgetting about the function in this step, and thinking only about the Fifth Facade and the parasite architecture that will take part the first time in Stuttgart. Knowing that this new building will be from the remarkable aspect of architecture of stuttgart. Then 3D spatial quality are developed from the 2D sketches.


Main Concept The realization that Stuttgart has its own hat (STUTTGART HAT); from any perspective in Stuttgart it seems that the hills is a headdress that city is dressed with. Conceptually this is translated into two layers. The first layer is the city in the sharp edges , and above are the curvy hills.. I tried to illustrate more by a conceptual model, that shows the reflected image of Stuttgart on a layers of sharp and curve lines. In the first step it translated into 3D form, that the outer curvy skin is the HILLs and inner court with sharp edges is the CITY. Then it developed into two proposals that represent the concepts of the levels, but there are spaces that are unused under this levels.


Form Development & Design In this step the main spatial form is created by taking the shape of the hills but by sharp lines.Then it is translated to a proposal that differ only in the scale and height. That still needed improvemet thought, becuase it created undefined spaces with strange angles but by raising the form a level up these wasted spaces are modified. This new parasite building is to serve three artist that can live for a couple of weeks. So they will need a large studio for working and a meeting space, that comprises a kitchen and sharing spaces and living units. The approch behind this building is to make it a self sustainable building by ventilation, natural light, solar panels, wind turbine.



Ground Floor

First Floor 14

Middle Section

Exhibition Section

West Elevation

North Elevation 15

Zonning I Classify the functions into zones by analysing the spaces created by the form and discovering the suitable spaces for each function. The first zone is spatially for the main users of the building; the studio, meeting space and living units. Second zone is to serve the artist activities like exhibition to show the works , workshop for a small work shop for students and an amphitheater for presentation. Third Zone is the Cafeteria as a serves space and the outdoor space of the panoramic view of stuttgart and there are the solar panels, wind turbines and technical room to coordinate between the solar panels, wind turbines and the electricity and the heat energy generated.


First Zone I try to make this zone have its own circulation and privacy, at first when you enter this zone you go up and find the sharing open space that have a special inclined skylight for light and ventilation then you have the choice, to go to the double height large studio that has windows in the level of the human for the view and an access to the ventilation and light and a skylight for an access out of the exhaust air and for lighting and there is an indoor terrace for this space for rest, or to go to the living units that have its special accessible open air court yard for lighting and ventilation that also has an access to the second zone.

Second Zone Then a level up for the spaces that serve the artists and it can be accessible for the student, like the exhibition that has sky lights and the workshop that has big windows towards the north direction for diffused light and the amphitheatre with the large special window that have the view of the city, then for the ventilation for this zone there is an access in for a fresh air from the west and for a cross ventilation and to access out of the exhaust air up from a skylight above the amphitheater.

Third Zone When you enter this new building, you will have an open space that has a cafeteria with large shaded windows. With the form itself for ventilation and light, and an access to go out door, the additional cause that K1 is one of the tallest building in stuttgart so it is very convincing to benefit from the view.Then the turbines that directed to catch the west wind and the solar panels all over the form to catch the sun light in any direction then to a technical room to manage this enery to create an electric and heat energy to make this building a self sustainable. 17


Construction & Materials








I Classify the functions into zones Main concept is to integrate the same grid of columns of the K1 building with the new parasite building but by changing the material of construction from concrete to steel structure. My building outer envelope is made of concrete sandwich panels which are used as external insulation and thermal mass to create an energy-efficient building. Concrete outer walls help also to slow the passage of heat moving through, reducing temperature swings, this reduces energy needs from heating or air conditing. So this offers energy saving over the life time of the building. Whereas the inner walls is made of gypsum board. Then the challenge for the faรงade design was to apply an optimal balance between sufficient natural daylight, and minimal heat transfer through the envelope. The best glass type that would reflect this strategy is the low E-coat glass that helps to have a transparent design layer that reflects the building identity In a ddition to a good view to the outside. On warm summer days, walls and floors with thermal mass will steadily absorb heat at their surface, conducting it in wardly, and storing it until exposed to the cooler air of the evening/night.At this point,heat will begin to migrate back to the surface and be released.In this way, heat moves in a wave like motion alternately being absorbed and released in response to the change in day and night time conditions. This ability to respond naturally to changing conditions helps stabilize the internal temperature and provides a largelyself-regulating environment, reducing the risk of over heating and the need for mechanical cooling.

Photo Collage I Classify the functions into zones This collages show the main concept ( STUTTGART HAT ), so that when you look at the building from the street, the city image is reflected on the glass facade. As the main concept was the reflection of the city layers and how the building can encourage the passerby to go up and enter this Parasite building and see Stuttgart with its hat ( hills ).

INSTITUTE FOR CLIMATE AND ARTISTIC RESERCH IN CAIRO Introduction On the other hand the second design is in Cairo, the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Middle-East. Notice that the site of Cairo is a low dense urban scale situation in the desert. The main aim of the project is to create a new spatial structure in contrast with Stuttgart site, it will be built on leveled ground in front of Architecture building in German university in Cairo. This new building is to serve three artist that can live for a weeks. So they will need a large studio for working and a meeting space that have kitchen and sharing spaces and a living units. The approach behind this building is to make itself sustainable building by ventilation, natural light, solar panels, and wind turbines. Technical part and sustainability of the studio is a major sign of design, especially in Cairo climate that needs a special material treatment and possible passive and active measures for a building climate strategy.

Stuttgart univercity 8th Semester


First Sktches & Form Development At first it was a trial of 2D sktches with different typologies. Then I tried to think of different proposals that can work with the cairo site, the wind form i try to make like a U shape that looks towards the north to collect the wind and distributed to the whole building. Because the design of cairo is different from the site in stuttgart, i tried to think more functional than to think in the form. This new building is to serve three artist that can live for a weeks.So they will need a large studio for working and a meeting space that have kitchen and sharing spaces and a living units. The approche behind this building is to make it self sustainable building by ventilation, natural light, solar panels, and wind turbines. So i choose to continue in this step on the the U shape form and a new one that has all the functions and has one shell all over the functions. In the U shape form, i tried to make a garden in the north side and a small sourse of water like a small fountain in the middle so that the wind get a kind of fillteration first before entering the building. And to integrate the landscape with the form by make an outdoor theater. It was very convincing in Cairo design to think about the function and what the relation of the spaces are with each others. At first i tried to make between each function a transition space but there was a problems with a strange angle in this space so i try to improve it. Then i try to develop the circulation more by integrating the actual grid of the site and with the levels of the landscape and by directing the people inside with grid. By this integration to the levels of the site, it provides good ventilation in general. Then adding a box mass in the top to catch wind and for the wind turbines.


Design And Zonning In this step i try to think about the spatial qualities of the spaces with each other and how it will act with the form. As the form in this step developed to have a contrast of two masses a rectangular mass and an ellipse mass over it. Then to benefit from the levels of the site by making a split level that has the meeting space that has a special kind of colored skylight and special windows for the view of the desert. Also to make a visual connection with the living units and the double height large with the Meeting space. Then by adding the exhibition space to show the work of the artists that work in this building with an interesting horizontal and vertical windows, and a small indoor amphitheater for presentation. For the ventilation there is an windcatcher ellipse form and it also facilitates a cross ventilation throw the whole building through the facing windows. And it was important to think about the context and the orientation of the building that will be aligned with existing building. Then to think about sustainable part of the building and to add a solar panels for heating and electricity and to act as a second facade for the ceiling to help an overheated on the ceiling, by adding a three wind turbines in the higher form the ellipse and finally a technical room to manage these energies. Then the landscape takes place now by making interesting collective seating.


West Elevation

East Elevation

Longitudinal Section

Ground Floor Plan 24

Construction And Materials These collages show the main concept of the building; it being just a simple box that integrates with the site levels, and to be eco friendly and sustainable; also the materials of the construction that People can define, address, and work on suitability with different approaches. With recycled and reused plastic bottles is also an approach towards finding sustainable design solutions.This is a building construction style which usually uses glass bottles as masonry units and binds them using adobe, sand, cement, stucco, clay, plaster, mortar or any other joint compound. The energy used to recycle plastic bottles is eight times less than the energy required for manufacturing brick or concrete wall. When the bottles are filled with dark liquid, or other dark material, the wall can function as a thermalmass, absorbing solar radiation during the day and radiating it back in to the space at night, thus dampening diurnal temperature swings. The foundations, columns and beams are made from concretere. The potential for achieving improved water quality is by creating valuable constructed wet lands for treating and recycling waste water. This process consist of the household, septic tank, and subsurface flow system. This process offers a cheaper and low- cost alternative technology for waste water treatment.


MALDIVES PAVILION EGYPT EXPO Introduction Cairo, the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Middle-East will host an Expo that will take place in 2018. The site will be in one of the hills that over look the pyramids in 6th of october city. Maldives is away from city life and close to the nature, the whitest sandy beaches, and surrounded by the clear bluest of water. It’s the lowest lying country in the world with an average elevation of just one and a half meters above sea level. And if global carbon emissions continue unchecked, much of the 1200 island could be underwater by the end of the century so the main aim of the project is to express the Maldives message for the whole world to lead by example to be zero carbon emission country that others will follow suit.

German Univercity In Cairo 9th Semmester


Location Egypt expo 2018 is consisted of four continent America, Asia, Africa and Europe ,Maldives is in Asia continent which have three main zones which are technology , nature and conflict zone, which every zone have its own theame and reflection on the landscape of its zone and every country of each zone represent that theme, M a l d i v e s P a v i l i o n located in Nature zone because it one of the country that famous for nature..


Form Development And Structure Maldives is a pure transparent nature country which have a main massage to represent in the pavilion -Global Warming- so that represented in the form it self to be a very simple clear form that have a main space inside that represent the main massage of the maldives, also the outer form is a transparent then the main court inside is formed to welcome the visitors in the Expo by tilting the court side to face the main passage and flow of the visitors. Then for the structure of the pavilion its a simple structure of columns and main beam and secondry beam then an inclined roof.


Zonning The pavilion consisted of four zones, three of them represent the featurs that we will miss in Maldives if the world do not take a step in the global warming problem, then the fourth zone its the main zone which raise awarness to the visitors about the global warming. The first zone have a general information and the main crafts about the maldives, the second zone have sculptures of the main sea creature in the maldives,the third zone represent a very well known night beach in the maldives which light with a blue nature lightin the land. Then the fourth zone have a solar tree which is a structure takes its shape from the coconut tree and the cells of the solar panels like the pattern of the transparent water that represent the future of the maldives to be a zero carbon emission country, also this zone have a documentation of a very important event that take place in Maldives to stop useing the engines that use petrol and to begin to use the renewable energies.


Ground Floor Plan

First Floor Plan 31

Pavilion Near Zero Carbon Emission .HEATING AND COLLING: By using an opening at the highest point in the space to evacuate the hot air, and by moving air through the water element under the pavilion the cool air take place the hot air. .ELECTRICITY: By using solar tree of 30m2 of solar cells that produce 60kw/ day which is by relation with the electricity that pavilion used is a good ratio cause the pavilion is well naturally lighted. .WATER HARVESTING: By using inclined roof the rain water collected and help in managing the landscape water feature. .NATURAL LIGHT:By using trible glazing facade 70% of the natural light is allowed, 30% of solar energy ensuring the building does not overheated. .The most Sustainable point that after the end of the expo the pavlion will be construct again in Alexandria beach to stand on the sea to remind us in each flood by the global warming.




GUC BERLIN CAMPUS TRANSFORMATION Introduction The existing buildings of the campus of GUC Berlin are fragments whithout any relationship. The spaces between the buildings and between the surrounded area are not defined. The access to the site is not defined. They have no destination. The buildings and the spaces between are lost. The area has no urban address. The big office building is very heterogeneous and is dominating the situation. Related to the urban surrounding it has the wrong position. In the first exercise you will start with a model of the existing situation. The target is to create an intervention which creates a new relationship between the exisiting buildings. These intervention should offer us a new view on the area, which is at the same time surprising and familiar. It should create a unit with old and new parts, and the architectural potential of the existing situation. Develop spatial and sculptural ideas which create new relationships. we should develop a clear concept with clear rules and new sculptural qualities.

GUC Berlin Campus 7th Semester Group Work

SUPERVISED BY Prof. Bernd Bess

Location AmBorsigturm,Berlin,Germany“Am Borsigturm” lies in the North-western part of Berlin/Germany in the district Reinickendorf. The site can easily be reached via highway, railway, and the metro. The campus consist of four main building, Building (1) is an office building that have 7 floors, Building (2), The east factory in the campus its length 41.3 meters, width 17.8 meters, height 11 meters, Building (3), The north small factory in the campus its length 36.6 meters, width 21.2 meters, height 4 meters, Building (4) , The north large factory in the campus, it consists of three parts. First part is an old structural building with brick façade, its length 36 meters, width 40 meters, height 11 meters, Second part it’s a small building that attached to west of the first part its length 30 meters, width 10 meters, height 7.5 meters, third part its length 30,width 35 with structure extension of the main existing structure of the first part but with a shaft from the east by 9 meters.

Site Plan 36

Zonning C o n c e p t The main concept of the new campus is to transform the old existing buildings to form new GUC campus that deserve a good student life have their needs such as (Residence, Food, sport, Education, Social gathering area).

Tutorials rooms Library Fire escape Drs TAs offices Services and Cafeteria Computer Lap work shops Admission Lecture Halls Entrance and Exhibition.

Respect Context 37


Grounf Floor Plan

Cross Section

North Elevation 39


First Floor Plan

Cross Section

West Elevation 41

GATE NEW CAPITAL Introduction The concept of the city certainly changed since the era of the city gates. All over history, a gate was positioned on a larger scale for the whole city, for instance : ANCIENT EGYPTION -PYLON- It’s a monumental entrance wall which is the largest part in the temple, and in the MEDIEVAL Islamic Period -BABThose gates defended the country against enemies. But nowadays, gates resemble boundaries of urban spaces to make residencies feel safe plus secure, but it also makes a gap between the diverse social classes which exterminates the true meaning of gathering spaces and the entry to public spaces.

German Univercity In Cairo 9th Semmester


Concept The origin meaning of the Gate in Egypt was that the Ancient Philosophers viewed the soul of man to have its origins in Heaven. The soul was believed to incarnate into the flesh after passing through the Gate of Man. Having lived another life on Earth the soul eventually left the body after death and returned to Heaven again, this time passing through the Gate of God. Pharaohs in ancient Egypt were buried with their arms crossed which resembled the gate of man by one hand, moreover the gate of God with the other hand, therefore it was the main inspiration point which lead me to establish the first steps in designing the conceptual form of the Gate. The project site is the most significant node in the New Capital and for good reason. It is placed on the intersection between the two main access corridors in the city: the Regional Ring road and the extension of the Nineties access which also holds the linear park of the city in parallel. Thus the “Gate� is to be seen and appreciated on first sight for new visitors in the city. Th Function of The gate creates a new typology of a tower, which holds the main function of a mobile museum laid out vertically in different parts of the structure. While moving up, one gets an alternating view between what is displayed inside showing the Egyptian heritage and culture. However, stopping in different levels one can go out and move about and explore and experience other events. The experience now also involves seeing Egypt with different perspectives inside from the tower. The panorama becomes complete. There is also a hotel for a secondary function. Also the podium and the landscape is designed to hold public space events and mega shopping center that break up the concept of gated compounds that separate the social classes.


Iconic Landmark Moving on, the gate project is deliberately planned to be the highest tower in the world with a height of 1220 meters. The reason behind this theory is to reveal an iconic land mark which highlights the new capital’s vision to be a prominent country in the upcoming Architecture in Egypt.

Groung Floor 46

Cross Section 47

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Architecture Portfolio - 2016 - Kareem Mahmoud  
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