WEEK 4: This week’s tutorial, we were introduced to building plans and drawings. We were given a choice of 4 buildings to choose to study the plans of, our group chose the Queens, college Laboratory building. We were then given a set of questions to answer, the questions are as follows: 1) a) The information found on the title block of the floor plan are things such as: - architect - Project number - Date - Scale - The drawing number and the artist of the drawing - Address of site - contact information
b) this information is important because any alterations or problems that may arise during the construction process can be referenced to the drawing and the issue may be resolved. 2)
a) The floor plan shows information regarding: - materials needed - dimensions - Structural foundations - Location of structures b) The dimensions on the floor plan are all in mm dimensions, such as the ‘Decorative Panel’ which is 756mm from the wall
c) There is a grid that is superposed over the drawings. The gridlines are identified by letters in the x-axis and numbers along the y-axis, where positive x-axis is to the left, and positive yaxis is down. d) some information about the drawings can be found in the general notes. General notes are notes that the corporation attaches to all drawings. The notes can be applied to any project or drawing, they are general notes regarding contact information or general drawing information that isn’t specific to the given project. e) the purpose of a legend is to help the reader of the drawing identify and explain what each symbol that is used represents as to avoid confusion and to avoid cluttering the drawing with words explaining each element. f) some parts of the drawing are annotated to help the reader identify the finer detail in each feature as it may not be clear in the picture shown, such as the ‘new lightweight wall’ in the bistro.
g) there are section referrals also located on the drawings. These refer specific sections of the plan to another page for closer detail at the section, such as refer to section ‘A’ in the given direction.
h) Windows and doors are identified on the drawings by their respective symbols. A door looks like a quarter circle, which also shows which way the door swings, and a window looks ike a block on the wall. A number may also be present next to these symbols. These numbers represetn different locations, and different dimensions. So if a window is numbered ‘1’ it means that it is a different dimension to that of number ‘2’ window. The following image shows both dorrs and windows, and numberings system with them.
i) floor levels are noted on the plan with a number and a lettering system such as FCL (Finished Concrete Level)
j) Some of the drawings on the plan are clouded. The clouded images show changed to the original drawings 3)
a) The elevation plan shows the height and outer materials of the building. Whereas the floor plan only shows the lengths and widths of the structure from a birdâ€™s eye view. b) dimensions are shown on the elevation plan as well, in mm. these dimension, however, show the height and width of the structure, rather than the length and width.
c) the levels show are FCL and FFL, which are Finished Ceiling Levels, and Finished Floor Levels respectively
d) Yes, there is a grid in these drawings. The grid is only a horizontal grid, located on the side of the image. The grid is an x-axis with letters representing it. e) There is not legend that could be located on the elevation plans f) there are words on these drawings. The words highlight extra detail that may not be evident in the image, such as material used, or the ratio of the elevation of a ramp.
g) doors and windows are represented as how they would look in real life. The images of doors and windows are show bellow respectively.
h) There is no clouded parts of the elevation plan. The clouded parts, again, represent a change to the plan. i) The gridlines on the elevation plan, line up with the gridlines on the floor plan, thus it is easy to tell where the images line up.
4) a) These sections show the interior detail from the given direction. Additional dimensions are given and materials. It also shows the sub-structure of the building, ie the footings.
b) Dimensions are shown on this plan as well. These dimensions show the interior dimensions of the features from the interior of the wall. c) There are words on these drawings as well. The words provide information as to what material is being used, such as the timber in the gym. They also show the detail of the joints by referring to other drawings such as engineers drawings.
d) These drawings show elements that are closer, in the foreground, are represented with much thicker lines than those that are in the distance. You can see that the lines of the gym are much thicker than those of the building in the background
e) Different materials are highlighted in these drawings by annotations and the texture rendering of the drawing. We can see that concrete is textured differently to the rendered brickwork and the walls.
f) the details of this section are located on the engineers drawings
a) The things that are detailed on these drawings are: - type of materials used
- location of footings
b) yes, these details are compressed using break lines, as the detail only needs to show relevant sections of the structure, not the entire thing, therefore only a joint may be shown, and a break line will be put in place to represent the rest of the wall, without having to extend the drawing. c) different materials are shown on the drawings using different textures, as shown, the concrete is a different texture to the steel member.
d) the details of the plans can be found at the end on this page: