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“We’re doing everything we can to develop C.C.S. but the future of the technology now lies in the hands of national politics,” said Maria Lidzell, a spokeswoman for Vattenfall. Graeme Sweeney, an executive vice president at Shell and chairman of the Zero Emissions Platform — a group of companies, researchers and environmental organizations that advises the European authorities on carbon capture and storage — said the cost challenges facing C.C.S. should be surmountable. He presented a report in July showing that the costs of C.C.S. would be competitive with those of sources of lowcarbon power, including on- and offshore wind, solar and nuclear, beginning in the early 2020s. The report said that burying carbon dioxide at onshore sites and clustering plants to reduce the number of pipelines needed to send the carbon dioxide to a single storage site should help control costs. But Mr. Sweeney stressed that the technology needed more government support in Europe, partly because it still was much cheaper for coal plants to buy permits under the E.U. Emissions Trading System than to invest in C.C.S.

Mr. Sweeney could not say where the first commercialscale utility fitted with C.C.S. would be constructed, but he said it would happen after 2020. He also said governments and developers needed to work harder to build public approval because of “a low level of understanding of the crucial role that C.C.S. can play in mitigating CO2 emissions.” David Reiner, a senior lecturer in technology policy at the Judge Business School at the University of Cambridge, said part of the reason for opposition was that communities were being asked to take on risks for storing a gas that they were not responsible for having generated in the first place and that might come from power plants some distance away. Even so, “a serious effort on education” supported by regional and national leaders could chip away at that opposition, he said. Prospects for C.C.S. “would be in much better shape than they are today if national governments and project developers had taken the issue of education seriously five years ago,” he said.

15. Title: Cogeneration and On-Site Power Production Headline: European Study says CCS will need support beyond 2020 The Zero Emissions Platform (ZEP), a European Union (EU) and industry funded initiative, has said in a report that power plants fitted with carbon capture technology will need government support beyond 2020, especially following a sharp drop in carbon prices. The EU’s emissions trading scheme (ETS) requires the purchase of EU allowances (EUA) in a scheme partly intended to make green technologies competitive.

compete with unconstrained fossil fuel and to give energy companies time to fine-tune the technology. Graeme Sweeney, chair of ZEP, said: “It’s likely that it will require additional support over and above what’s provided by the EU ETS to enable deployment in the early 2020s. “However, fossil fuels with CCS are cost competitive with offshore wind, solar and nuclear.”

The price of EUAs has fallen 25 per cent in the last month. The ZEP report said that carbon capture and storage (CCS) would need continued support after 2020 in order to

16. Title: Norwegian Media Coverage of CCS Cost Reports Link: www.tu.no Norway´s biggest commercial radio channel, P4, also ran a news story on the CCS cost report, with the headline “CO2 -fangst er ikke dyrere enn vindkraft” (“CO2 capture will not be more expensive than wind energy”). Norway’s news agency NTB wrote an article that was published in several regional papers (online/print): - Hamar Arbeiderblad - Sunnmørsposten - Haugesunds Avis - Trønder-Avisa - Gudbrandsdølen Dagningen

and news site offhore.no, serving off shore industries. The lead in the majority of the articles related to the news agency piece was: “CO2 capture and storage will most likely be cost competitive with wind, solar and nuclear energy, concludes a new EU report” except for one, which used the following title: “CO2 capture important”.

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ZEP  

Communications Report 2011

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