Page 259

SYMBOLIC LANGUAGE tion to studying the Scriptures

and

249

later religious writ-

have characterized the Jewish celebration of the

ings,

throughout

Sabbath

From

the

two

last

thousand years.

a day of submission to the evil powers of Saturn,

Sabbath has become a day of freedom and

change only

if

mood and meaning can be

in

we

fully

understood

consider the meaning of Saturn. Saturn (in

the old astrological and metaphysical tradition lizes time.

This

joy.

He

)

symbo-

the god of time and hence the god of

is

death. Inasmuch as

man

is

like

God, gifted with a

with reason, love and freedom, he or death. But inasmuch as

man

is

is

soul,

not subject to time

an animal, with a

body subject to the laws of nature, he is a slave to time and death. The Babylonians sought to appease the lord of time by self-castigation. The Bible in its Sabbath concept makes an entirely new attempt to solve the problem: by stopping interference with nature for one day you eliminate time; where there is no change, no work, no

human

interference there is no time. Instead which man bows down to the lord of

of a Sabbath on

time, the Biblical Sabbath svmbolizes man's victorv

over time; time

is

suspended, Saturn

is

dethroned on

his very day, Satum's-day. 5.

KMfkas The

An in

Trial

outstanding example of a work of art written

symbolic language

many dreams, itself

and

concrete and

fantastic.

be read as

if

is

Kafka's

The

Trial.

As

in so

events are presented, each of which realistic;

yet the whole

is

in

impossible

The

novel, in order to be understood,

we

listened to a

dream

is

must

—a long compli-

The Forgotten Language: An Introduction to the Understanding of Dreams, Fairy Tales, and Myths  

Renowned psychoanalyst Erich Fromm investigates the universal language of symbols, expressed through dream and myths, and how it illuminates...

The Forgotten Language: An Introduction to the Understanding of Dreams, Fairy Tales, and Myths  

Renowned psychoanalyst Erich Fromm investigates the universal language of symbols, expressed through dream and myths, and how it illuminates...

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