Page 232

THE FORGOTTEN

222

LANGUAGE

over allegiance to the natural law of humanity. Anti-

gone refuses to violate the laws of blood and of the

human

solidarity of all

beings for the sake of an author-

itarian, hierarchical principle.

The two

principles for

which Creon and Antigone

stand are those which Bachofen characterized as the patriarchal as against the matriarchal principle, respectively.

The matriarchal

principle

lationship as the fundamental

the equahty of of love.

The

all

men, of the respect

patriarchal principle

man and

wife,

precedence over

ties of

tween

and

that of blood re-

is

and indestructible

between blood.

for

of

human life and

that the ties be-

is

ruler

It is

tie,

and

ruled, take

the principle of order

and hierarchy.

authority, of obedience

Antigone represents the matriarchal principle and thus

is

the uncompromising adversary of the repre-

sentative of patriarchal authority, Creon. Ismene, in constrast, has accepted the defeat

and given

victorious patriarchal order; she

a symbol of

is

in to the

women

under patriarchal domination. Sophocles makes her role very clear

by having her say

has decided to defy Creon's

all

to Antigone,

command:

—

And now we in turn we two left think how we shall perish, more

alone

—

miserably than

all

the rest,

if,

in defiance of

we brave a king's decree or his powNay, we must remember, first, that we were born women, as who should not strive with men; next, that we are ruled of the the law, ers.

stronger, so that

and

we must obey

in things yet sorer.

I,

in these things,

therefore, asking

who

The Forgotten Language: An Introduction to the Understanding of Dreams, Fairy Tales, and Myths  

Renowned psychoanalyst Erich Fromm investigates the universal language of symbols, expressed through dream and myths, and how it illuminates...

The Forgotten Language: An Introduction to the Understanding of Dreams, Fairy Tales, and Myths  

Renowned psychoanalyst Erich Fromm investigates the universal language of symbols, expressed through dream and myths, and how it illuminates...

Advertisement