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LANGUAGE

THE FORGOTTEN

114

symbols were used to denote certain somatic symptoms. But here, too, as in Pharaoh's predictive dream, a psychological interpretation

sume

that in our sleep

ness of certain bodily

waking

possible.

is

we have

We

can

as-

much finer awarechanges than we have in our a

and that this awareness is translated into the image of a dream and thus can serve to diagnose illness and predict certain somatic occurrences. (The hfe,

is so would have to be demby the extensive study of dreams of people

extent to which this

onstrated

before the manifest occurrence of 2.

illness.

The Psychological Interpretation

of

Dreams

In contrast to the nonpsychological interpreta-

which takes the dream

tion of dreams,

as the expres-

sion of "real" occurrences or as messages from

outside

dreams

of

powers

man, the psychological interpretation of

tries to

understand the dream as an expression

of the dreamer's

own mind. These two approaches

by no means always the Middle Ages

we

separate. find

On

many

are

the contrary, until

authors

who combine

and differentiate between dreams which must be interpreted as rehgious phenomena and those dreams which need to be understood psychologically. One illustration of this kind of approach is both viewpoints

expressed by an Indian author at about the beginning of the Christian era:

There are six lands of people who see dreams the man who is of a windy humor, or

—

of a bihous one, or of a phlegmatic one, the

man who

dreanas dreams

by the influence

of a

The Forgotten Language: An Introduction to the Understanding of Dreams, Fairy Tales, and Myths  

Renowned psychoanalyst Erich Fromm investigates the universal language of symbols, expressed through dream and myths, and how it illuminates...

The Forgotten Language: An Introduction to the Understanding of Dreams, Fairy Tales, and Myths  

Renowned psychoanalyst Erich Fromm investigates the universal language of symbols, expressed through dream and myths, and how it illuminates...

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