â€˜ Man c re ate s the wo rl d he l i ve s i n and the environment c re a te s the m an he will be.â€™
Tab le of con ten ts Cu r r i c u l am V i tae
Academic Projects B i o c l i m ati c H i g h r i se, M an e sar
Su stai n abl e H o u si n g Co m pl e x, G u r g ao n
Competition Projects Sc i n di a Sc h o o l, G wal i o r
Re se ar c h Stati o n, A n tar c ti c a
Professional Projects R A A S, D h ar am sh al a
R M X JO SS, N o i da
Volunteer village work
Cu r r icu lam V itae name: dob:
Ka n i ka A ro ra O c to be r 1 8 , 1 9 8 6
a d d re s s :
B -7 2 (G. F. ) V i v e k V i h ar - I, New Delhi - 10095 INDIA
(m o b) + 9 1 9 6 5 0 7 0 6 8 8 9 (r e s) + 0 0 1 4 2 4 2 4 8 8 5
w o r k e xp e r i e n c e :
s oft w a re s k i l l s :
h on ou r s : 2010
kan i kaar o r a@ o u tl o o k. c o m 2009 B. A r c h. 2 0 0 4 -2 0 0 9 Su sh an t Sc h o o l o f A r t & A r c h i te c tu r e, G u r g ao n
LOT U S Jan 2 0 1 2 -O c t 2 0 1 2 Pr o j e c t A r c h i te c t & Te a m Le a d e r
Architectural and interior designing, site & client coordination & management, 3D renderings, graphic presentations
Wo n t he I I T Ro o rke e Te c h Fe s t ( Sp o t l i ght 2 0 0 9 )
Se l e c t e d fo r a n I LA U D wo rks ho p wi t h i nt e rna t i o na l p a rt i c i p a nt s b a s e d o n ‘ Sha hj a ha na b a d ’.
Pa rt o f t he fi ve m e m b e r t e a m fo r t he t e ns i l e s t ruc t ure o f t he s t a ge fo r c o l l e ge fe s t i va l
De s i gne d t he fro nt wa l l o f t he c o l l e ge c a m p us
(formely known as:Sanjay Pr a ka s h & A ssociates Pvt.Ltd.)
Architectural and interior designing, site & client coordination & management, 3D renderings, graphic presentations
Pa rt o f t he p re s e nt a t i o n t e a m fo r Ta j Ka nha fo r WA F.
Pa rt i c i p a t e d i n To ro nt o s o c i e t y o f a rc hi t e c t s ‘ Gre e n d e s i gn p o s t e r c o m p e t i t i o n’
SH i F t - Stu di o f o r Fu tu re Ha b i t a t s Jan 2 0 0 9 - Jan 2 0 1 2 Pr o j e c t A r c h i te c t
Rhinocerous 4, Diva, Google SketchUp, AutoCad, 3Ds Max, Revit Architecture, Ecotect, Energy Plus, Vray render engine, Adobe InDesign, Illustrator, Photoshop, After effects, Flash and MS Office suite.
p u b l i ca t i on s :
h ob b i es :
De s i gn o n Re s e a rc h s t a t i o n i n A nt a rc t i c a fe a t ure d i n l e a d i ng I nd i a n m a ga zi ne ( A + D) C o m p e t i t i ve d e b a t i ng, p ho t o g ra p hy, s ke t c hi ng, wri t i ng a nd, s i ngi ng.
Bioclima tic hi gh ri se green goes vert ic al Lo c a tio n : Manesar NCR Region INDIA A re a : 10 17 200 sqft. C lima te : C o m p o s i t e
S i te : The 10 acre site was located in Sec 8, IMT Manesar, a growing industrial and corporate hub, with low real estate costs and proximity to the IT City, Gurgaon. Due to excellent connectivity from the Delhi Gurgaon expressway and the Delhi Metro and developed infrastructure the site is strategically suitable for a corporate office in future. Co n c e pt A high rise accommodates a large population on ge n e sis: a small piece of land, and therefore, consumes far more energy. An outburst of such high tech commercial towers all around the world are creating infrastructural demands that can no longer be met. Thus, the design of the tall building might be one that derives benefits from energy conservation and drives the notion of sustainability. Since Manesar is a booming industrial and corporate sector, it offers the ideal context to suggest a bioclimatic approach to design.
The basis of the climatically responsive design involved considering the climate in every aspect of the building and its built form. Since Manesar lies in a composite climate, both the passive solar heating and cooling strategies needed to be considered. The sequence proceeds from macro level details to micro level details. The end product resulted in a building that not only responds to the needs of the users but also the climate in which it is located. The intent was to enhance the workplace quality and understand how people engage in an experiential way.
Si te Pl anni ng :
Design was developed around courtyards. The greens continue as skycourts and roof gardens. Courtyards act as transition spaces between outdoor and indoor environment. The entry of central plaza is through a 60 m wide road. It is the central gathering public space from which the movement further dissipates into greens. The blocks were placed in such a manner that they would block the dry cold winter winds from the Northeast and to utilize the monsoon winds from the Southeast. The buildings have a curve facing the plaza that helps in better circulation of wind in the complex. All vehicular traffic is restricted at the periphery and the internal streets cater to fire tender and pedestrian movement only. Wider pedestrian streets are east-west aligned whereas narrower pedestrian streets are north-south aligned to facilitate penetration inside the complex. shad o w a n a ly s is o f t h e e n t ir e c o mp le x s h o w in g s u mme r & w in t e r g a r d e n s
ENERGY SU PPLY
to generate process h e a t & c o mp o s t
e l e c tri c i ty fro m gri d
low wind speeds
s o lid w a s t e
n o t t o b e u s e d a s f u e l a s it c o n f lic t s w it h t h e f o o d s y s t e m
10 A cre site
Hy b r id /A c t ive Me a s u r e s
n arrow shaded streets
A. Passive (low main tenance eg. ser vice spaces, circulation)
B. A ctive (high mainte nance spaces with recy cled ground water)
C. Te c h n o lo g y d o min a n t ( s e r ve r r o o ms, la b s, c o p o r a t e s e t t in g )
D. Hy b r id ( e xh ib it io n s & g a lle r ie s w it h p a r t ia l A C based on rec y c le d w a t e r )
E NE RGY DE M A ND
pumping, lighting of public spaces
wa lkin g & publ ic e le c t r ic mo b ilit y
people co m
c o urtyard
m ut ual sha d i ng & wa l ka b i l i ty
Building Subsy stems
Pa s s i ve Me asure s
l o w e ne rgy hi gh pe r fo rm a nc e bui l d i ngs
FOOD (greens )
C O N C EP T UAL METABO LIS M O F A S ELF SUSTA I N ED COM M UN I TY
70% P L F Ma ne sa r
Ra i n 7 1 4 m m / y r.
WATER SU PPLY
le d IC T M a n a g e
sol ar hot water with minor gas b a c k up
o pen parks & courts
hard sur faces
roof sur faces
80% r u n o f f
through swales & percolations pits
deep aquifers f ilt e r a t io n tank
mu n ic ip a l w a t e r s u p p ly
irrigation city lev e l resevoir
s o la r h o t water
60lpcd handwash, washing @ 60lpcd
f lu s h in g @ 20lp c d
c o o lin g s y s t e ms @ 45lp c d
excess water @1lpcd root zone treatment, STP & ETP
Hi ghr ise se c t io ns t h r ou g h t h e l i g h t wel l
so l a r ho t water panels r a in w a t e r h a r ve s t in g
s o l a r s hadi ng d e vi c e s o n t he f a ca d e
deep recesses provide shade and permit fully glazed panels
c h ille d b e a ms a n d c e ilin g s
seven storey lightwell with internal reflectors provides natural light in the office areas
v e r t i ca l l a nd s ca p i ng a b s or b s e x ce s s he a t tho ugh f a c a d e s ur f a ce
diffused natural light inside the rooms the vents in the rooms al low for hot air to escape out and cool air to sink inside during the nighttime deep recesses on north face allows sunlight pen etration
narro w floor plate aids pene trati o n of sunlight inside
multitiered composition provides outdoor terraces & spaces for social interaction
waste w a t e r c o lle c t io n t r e a t e d f o r lands c a p e /ir r ig a t io n r e u s e
The design concept brings together a range of issues like urban context, vertical placemaking, ecological response to site, orientation, sun control, vertical landscaping, wind effects, deconstruction and recyclability, waste recycling, water collection and re-use, on-site energy production, embodied energy, energy in use, hybrid mixed mode services, and more.
3 D v i e w o f t he e nti re c o m p l e x
e ntra nc e pro m e nad e
central court gardens
deep recesses on north facade
Su stain a b le Housi ng compl ex t oward s energy c o n sci o u s arch i tectu re Lo c a tio n : Gurgaon NCR Region INDIA A re a : 13 85 175 sqft. C lima te : Composite
S i te : The 22 acre site was located in a high density residential zone, right next to NH8, one of the busiest highways connecting New Delhi to Gurgaon. Even though a 100m green belt separated the site from the highway, the noise levels were considerably high for a residential area. The site was also surrounded by housing complexes on NW side and a commercial complex on the SW side. B r ie f: The program proposed a total of 1237 dwelling units including LIG, MIG and HIG flats. As happens often in India, housing complexes are designed with a view to capitalize as much on the land as possible. Hence, every square feet of area is gulped down without any regard to open spaces, proper light and ventilation in the houses. Since Gurgaon is fast becoming a huge energy guzzler city, it became imperative to design a housing society which propagates the principals of a sustainable and healthy lifestyle while keeping in view all the functional requirements.
9 7 12
8 12 4
A p p ro a c h:
By fusing active and passive sustainability solutions a highly energy efficient housing complex was envisaged promoting non-motorized mobility and a healthy social environment to live in. The design of houses within the modules was worked out in response to climatic constraints. The extreme climate required the houses to be protected from sun 8-9 months in the year, while allowing sun penetration during winters. Hence, the dwelling units were NS aligned whereas the service cores with minimum openings were kept on the EW sides to act as buffer spaces. The site plan on the adjacent spread shows the arrangement of blocks. All major vehicular movement was confined to the peripheral road with secondary & tertiary pedestrian streets going through the complex. All these roads were proposed as green roads with swales and percolation pits all along.
Bui l t m a s s Op e n s p a c e s :
3D and energy modeling softwares were used to correctly position the built mass in relation to the open spaces. The open spaces were carefully structured in a hierarchy of functions, from the private courtyard or green terrace within the house to the semi-public space immediately outside the front door, to the more public garden space shared by 6 or 8 such modules, with paths passing through and connecting to other similar garden spaces; all adding up to an ensemble of interconnected mini-neighbo rhoods focusing on courtyard gardens and skycourts.
Le g e n d:
1. Entrance 2. Surface Parking 3. G+10 High Rise 4. G+6 Medium Rise 5. G+3 Low Rise 6. Duplex Apartment 7. Villas 8. Community Centre 9. Shopping Complex 10. Root Zone Treatment 11. Consolidated Green 12. Community Green 13. Individual Green 14. Terrace Gardens
Pedestrian Circulation Vehicular Circulation
3D vi e w o f the e nti re c o m pl e x
Mutual shading of the blocks created natural summer gardens with evergreen trees and winter gardens with deciduous vegetation. To effectively counter the problem of noise pollution, in and around the site, careful planning of indigenous species of noise and odor controlling plants was proposed.
w in d s c o o p
Dwel l i ng Uni ts :
The fenestration orientation of DUâ€™s at 20 degrees east of south along with horizontal shading allows for maximum heat gain during winters and cuts down the harsh sun during summers. The floor plate has been kept as narrow as possible and planned projections of upper floors provided shade to lower floors.
The section of the block shows the penetration of diffused sunlight inside the rooms. Each block has a central PDEC shaft & a wind scoop on the roof. The wind scoop captures the natural air directing it inside the rooms through the PDEC shaft. With the aid of misting, this system helps provide natural cooling inside the rooms. To achieve ample thermal mass & to control the heat gain/loss from inside the rooms, the walls were designed as cavity walls with an air gap of 50mm. AAC blocks, along with other locally available materials were proposed to decrease the embodied energy of the overall building.
s ky c o u r t s b io w a ll r a in w a t e r h a r ve s t in g
c a vit y w a lls w it h 50 mm a ir gap
p a ssi ve d o wnd ra ft e vap o ra ti ve cooli ng sha ft wi th m i sti ng syste m o p e ni ngs i nsi d e the ro o m fo r su pply a nd re turn o f ai r.
s e c t io n t h r o u g h a t y p ic a l h o u s in g t o w e r u n it
Da y l i ght i ns i d e t he uni t :
The rooms were designed to be fully lit by natural diffused sunlight, thereby reducing the requirement of artificial lighting till dusk. The aim was to vastly reduce the overall energy needs of the complex. The adjacent image shows the volumetric daylight analysis of a typical dwelling unit. The yellow colored area is under direct sunlight while the blue colored area is under the least amount of light. The intermediate shades of orange & purple show gradual decrease in the daylight value. The orange color is the ideal amount of daylight and the diagram indicates that major portion of the DU falls under this range.
Ro l e i n t e a m wo rk ( t e a m o f t wo p e o p l e ) :
Master planning and building concept generation was done by me. I was responsible for the energy simulation analysis of the complex and the dwelling units.
90째 180째 14
% 100+ 90 80 70 60 50
40 30 20
day light analy sis of a ty pical dwelling unit
S cin dia S chool ur ban renewal of a f o rt cam pu s Lo c a tio n : Gwalior Madhya Pradesh INDIA A re a : 54 580 sqft. C lima te : Hot and dry
S i te : Located atop a hill inside the famous Gwalior fort campus, this 113 year old institution symbolizes Indiaâ€™s unique heritage. However, recent construction projects seem to show a disconnect from this heritage, hence, as a part of a larger master plan a program for the urban renewal of the campus was proposed. Due to the undulating slopes of the hill, the levels were used as a resource to create spaces of varying heights and to keep the the cut fill of land to a minimum. B r ie f: To upgrade the quality of teaching spaces and to provide better infrastructure facilities to the students, members of the Scindia School board proposed a competition to construct an additional Academic block for 300 students. We were a part of the professional firm that won this competition. Initial master planning was done by the UK based firm YRM, after which the building was detailed and designed. Furthermore, renovation of the classrooms and landscaping was done.
A c ade m i c bl o c k f ac ade:
A strong emphasis was given on retaining existing heritage & signature styles. Therefore, the building is grounded in the past yet it is expressed as future looking. The signature facade is seen as an interpretation of the original facade with same materials & heights used in a modern way. As shown in the section below, the front facade has a double skin with the outer layer composed of stone clad metal columns and traditional jalis, while the inner layer is largely glazing with occasional openable panels.
La nd s c a p i ng:
While redesigning the landscape all existing trees were retained on site. The whole campus was envisaged as a â€˜walking campusâ€™ and pedestrian & vehicular movements were carefully segregated. Upgrading of outdoor public spaces included introducing a shaded pergola integrated with the colonnade to make an outdoor walkway during the hot summer months. All existing metal roads were converted to green roads with making the campus environment friendly.
ja l i s co o l t he ho t & d r y s um m er w i nd s filtered light through the jali
entrance view of the academic b u ild in g f a c a d e
second skin aids in stack effect
se c ti o n thro ugh the a c a d e m i c building
landscape view of the school camp u s
Axo view of a typical classroom
Typical roof detail for roof slab with details of insulation and sandstone shingles/slabs.
Interi ors o f the cl as sroom :
A complete revamp of the classrooms was proposed with additional lightshelves to improve the quality of natural light inside the otherwise dull and dark rooms. The strategy included repainting the doors, walls and ceiling white. To continue with the material language of the exteriors, a 4â€? thick layer of existing paint was scraped till the dado height to expose the original yellow finish of the Gwalior stone walls. The glass panels were replaced and the ventilator in the huge doorway was made operational to aid natural cross ventilation. Wall spaces were populated with soft boards & white boards to encourage interactive education. An innovative Smart board was also developed for the classes with the help of various vendors around Delhi.
Other fea tures:
This low embodied structure minimizes the use of steel and cement. The construction materials used were not energy consuming, but intelligently used ecological & local materials. Wherever possible, recycled, salvaged or refurbished materials were used for the renovation work. A mist system incorporating fountains in courtyards was also proposed for effective cooling and to provide interesting outdoor spaces for children. A solar hot water system with gas backup was incorporated for providing 80% hot water for the kitchen and toilets. Natural systems were given priority and all spaces were conceptualized to be in sync with nature reducing the perception of inside and outside to the bare minimum.
Rol e i n team work :
classroom before renovation
c la s s r o o m a f t e r r e n o va t io n
roof before renovation
r o o f a f t e r r e n o va t io n
I led the concept design team of 3 architects and 1 trainee and supervised the site during construction.
R esea rch s tati on z ero emission rese arch stati o n Lo c a tio n : Antarctica A re a : 1 080 sqft. C lima te : Freezing cold with chilly winds B r ie f: The brief was to design a zero emission research station for a team of four scientists in Antarctica. This meant that the structure had to withstand extreme winds and freezing winter temperatures. The aim of the design was to create a safe and stimulating place for the scientists to live and work in, and to ensure that the building had a minimal impact on Antarcticaâ€™s pristine environment. A ppro a ch: The form was evolved after studying the natural phenomenon occurring there and the concept of the form was to emulate a polar organism that accumulates energy during summers and stores it for the hibernation period. The structure became modular deriving the hexagonal geometry of the skin from the sacred geometry of the snowflake. The modular geometry facilitated easy construction and transportation, which is essential in Antarctica. The units were arranged compactly to minimize heat loss is minimum and overlapping comfort zones were created, giving inhabitants the flexibility to adapt better in the environment. At the end of the usage at the research base, the structure can be deflated, dismantled and carried back, thus leaving behind no waste. R o le in Involved in complete design conception and prete a mwo r k: sented the design to the jury as the key speaker.
The terrace of the inner structure forms a greenhouse and uses hydroponics to stimulate plant growth. Root Zone Treatment of water is also done to treat water effectively for secondary purposes.
The outer stucture is seamless & inner structure is mostly prefabricated,thus reducing the heat loss caused and accounts for easy assembly on site.
Sandwiched between the deformable outer skin are piezo electric plates. that vibrate at high frequency when wind strikes the outer surface. This causes high voltage that is stored in the batteries for use in winters also.
Wind is the most abundant renewable source available all year round. The Magenn Power Air Rotor system is a closed three-dimensional structure (cylinder). It offers high torque, low starting speeds, and superior overall efficiency, thus taking care of maximum energy needs of the station.
Because of abundance of sunshine in Antarctica, solar panels are designed to provide the bulk of energy for the station. Copper Indium Gallium Selenide Thin Film Solar Panel Sheets are rolled on the outer skin. The air cavity between double skin reduces conductivity & keeps the internal areas warm & insulated.
The deformable and aerodynamic outer skin allows smooth wind movement.
ter wa nk ta or rat
H2 storage room
ne ge oom r
The structure has been raised on jacks to allows the movement of air in case of snow blizzards.
S ec t i o n t hr o ugh the re se a rc h stati o n
Solar thermal and photovoltaic thermal systems are used as phase change materials in the form of wax or paraffin to store the excess thermal energy generated in the summer to be used during winter.
The flooring is modular and is divided into various compartments installed with pipes that circulate water from roof to the floor, heated due to the incident solar radiations.
Generators and fuel cells are placed below the habitable spaces so that the heat leaked & generated through them would warm up the useable spaces above.
Fuel cell is an alternate energy solution where hydrogen reacts with oxygen from the atmosphere and the bi product form is water,that can be stored and used for drinking and other purposes.
Hotel R aa s ec o t ourism proj ect o n th e f o o th i l l s o f Hi m al ayas Lo c a tio n : Dharamshala Himachal Pradesh INDIA A re a : 50 850 sqft. C lima te : Cold and humid
S i te : The site is a tea estate land of 210 acres in Dharamshala. Itâ€™s located at an altitude of approx. 1500m and has very high humidity (around 80%). The challenge here was to create a luxury hotel with 50 rooms with minimum impact on the surrounding existing flora and fauna. In order to make this project ecologically viable experts from all around the world including ARUP were involved in the project. A ppro a ch: Great emphasis was placed on low energy systems, water conservation and local skills while creating a high quality experience for the visitors. It was conceptualized as a part of a self-sustaining tea cultivation based community with a focus on ecological restoration, regeneration and revitalization of biodiversity in and around the site. Major construction work was proposed on the denuded land and the concept was to combine the 50 keys in a single 250m long building on the ridge. The building was divided into 14 modules, construction process of which is described on the adjacent page.
S i nce t he si te i s l o c a te d i n e arthq ua ke zo n e 4, the ent i r e o ut er she l l o n the gro und fl o o r i s an R CC struc t ur e. T he f o und a ti o ns te nd to va r y as p e r the slope o n s i t e but the p l i nth l e ve l i s ke pt the same.
Due to reasons of stability the base of the bu ild in g on the ground floor is made heavy with RCC b e a ms and columns whereas the corridor is cantilever e d.
RC C h a s b e e n c la d d e d w it h in f ill o f lo c a l s a n d s t o n e t o g ive h ig h t h e r ma l ma s s t o t h e b u ild in g h e lp in g in r e t a in in g t h e ma ximu m h e a t in s id e d u r in g w in t e r s.
T he ent i r e fi rst fl o o r struc ture i s a l i ght m e tal structure wi t h m etal c o l um ns and m e ta l trusse s for roof.
Each room is accessed by its own individual s t a ircase allowing rooms to have balconies on both s id e s as shown in the plan on the next page.
Th e r o o f t r u s s e s a r e s e a le d w it h b a mb o o ma t f a ls e c e ilin g a n d t h e w a lls a r e d r y c la d d e d w it h t h e lo c a l s la t e f r o m t h e r ive r f r o n t.
T he o ut er sk i n o f the bui l d i ng i s sup p o rte d on a light w o o d en f ra m e wo rk. It no t o nl y hi de s the ser vices p i p e s b ut al so gi ve s a fe e l i ng o f l i ghtne ss to the en ti re struc ture.
The shingles are nailed on the wooden frame w o r k and openings in shingles and the framework ar e g iven wherever needed as per function.
Fo u r t e e n s u c h mo d u le s ( t w o r o o m) c o mb in e t o f o r m t h e e n t ir e b u ild in g. Th e g r o u n d f lo o r h a s a ll t h e p u b lic a r e a s w h e r e a s t h e f ir s t f lo o r c o n s is t s o f a ll t h e g u e s t r o o ms.
En tr anc e v i e w o f t he e nti re bui l d i ng fro m so uth si d e
Modul e concept:
Role i n teamwork:
The orientation of the building is North South allowing the penetration of maximum winter sun inside the rooms. The ground floor has all public functions like F&B, reception, lounge, spa etc whereas the first floor consists of all the rooms. Since each room has its own individual staircase (entering the room from the middle), therefore, room has balconies and views on both sides. This allows for a very unique hotel room design without the conventional access from a corridor. The staircase divides the room experientially into two areas. Towards the north side is the lounge and the bedroom is towards the south. Since there are no physical partitions inside the room, the entire space is visually connected giving an impression of great expanse. The interiors of the rooms are minimalistic keeping in view the traditional houses of the Dharamshala region. Local arts & crafts have been used for decoration promoting indigenous handicrafts and giving employment to the local community. Worked as the project head leading a team of 3 architects and 6 technical staff members. I was the head of the core design team and prepared construction documents for govt. approvals and site execution.
North side facing mountains b a lc o n y w it h lo u n g e c h a ir s f r e e s t a n d in g b a t h t u b w it h lo w f lo w f ixt u r e s lo u n g e s o f a f a c in g t h e mo u n t a in s entrance to the room t h r o u g h c e n t r a l s t a ir c a s e lin e a r t o ile t w it h s e g r e g a t e d dr y & wet area s la t e f lo o r in g w it h r a d ia n t h e a t in g & c o o lin g b e d g e t s t h e s o u t h lig h t f r o m t h e w in d o w a t t h e b a c k South side facing tea garden Ty pical plan of the two room mod u le
l oc a l s l a te shi ngl e ro o f
ve n t ila t o r t o a llo w s o u t h s u n in s id e t h e r o o m
r oo f t op rai n wa te r c o l l ec t ed fo r wate r har ve sti ng
s o la r h o t w a t e r p a n e ls o n t h e s o u t h s id e
d r y s l ate c l a d d i ng o n t he f i r st fl o o r wal l s
in d ig e n o u s p la n t a t io n o n t h e la n d in g t o p
a l l s er vi c e s c o nc e al e d i n t he fal se c e i l i ng o n t he g r o und fl o o r
entrance to the room
s t one m a so na r y i nfi l l wa l l on the gro und fl o o r No rth si de facing mountains
S o u t h s id e f a c in g t e a g a r d e n s
c o r r id o r o n t h e g r o u n d f lo o r f o r a c c e s s in g p u b lic areas
Ty pical section though the two room module
R M X J OSS LEED plat inum rat ed gar m en t f acto ry Lo c a tio n : Noida NCR Region INDIA A re a : 68 350 sqft. C lima te : Composite
S i te : The 1.3 acre site was located in a high density industrial area. The site was surrounded by high energy consuming factories all around. Separated from the main road by a 25 m green belt, the site is a corner plot opened from three sides. This gives plenty of opportunity to get the maximum inlet of natural light inside the building. B r ie f: The project brief was to develop well lit workspaces for around 500 workers. The project aimed for and successfully achieved a LEED India NC rating to become NCRâ€™s first LEED platinum rated garment factory. Integrated design was a key factor in designing this building and all sustainability aspects were brainstormed, optimized and integrated into the design at the concept stage thus ensuring a smooth design and construction process. On completion, the project achieved 55~65 % operational energy savings annually over a conventional factory in the same region.
Si te Pl anni ng :
The building is highly solar responsive and special emphasis has been given to ensure proper orientation and adequate natural light, with daylight simulation software being used to determine the size of each window and light shelf. The concept of a â€˜greenâ€™ building was extended to the faĂ§ade which has been designed with planters and creepers. This not only makes the building look aesthetically beautiful from outside but also has a positive psychological impact on the user inside where he gets an immediate view of the greens right outside his window.
Lig h t s h e lf o n s o u t h s id e h a ve a r e f le c t ive f in is h t o r e f e c t ma ximu m s u n lig h t in s id e t h r o u g h ve n t ila t o r s
P la n t s in s id e p la n t e r b o xe s r e d u c e h e a t g a in
The plot is rectangular facilitating a narrow linear building plan. The longer sides are NorthSouth oriented. The south side has adequate lightshelves designed in a way so as to maximize light and minimize glare and heat gain. All vehicular movement has been restricted outside the site making the site surroundings completely pedestrian friendly. A 15m wide south garden is fed rooftop and surface run off which is directed to the various swales and percolation pits for rainwater harvesting. The use of hardscape has been kept to a minimum and is only provided where there is heavy movement of people, for example, at the entrances. Adequate measures were taken during construction to prevent loss of soil by storm water run off/wind erosion. The topsoil was protected by stock piling for reuse while filling.
Lig h t s h e lf r e s t r ic t g la r e f r o m d ir e c t s u n lig h t in s id e
E xt e r n a l w a lls a r e c a vit y w a lls o f f ly a s h b r ic k w it h 50 mm a ir g a p
Ve n t ila t o r s in b a s e me n t a llo w p e n e t r a t io n o f s u n lig h t ty pical wall section showing day light inside
S o la r p a n e ls o n r o o f C o o lin g t o w e r s & c h illa r s E TP
Second Fl oor Te r r a c e Ga r d e n C o n n e c t in g b r id g e Pa n t r y & w a s h r o o ms Of f ic e s
Fi rs t Fl oor E n t r a n c e t o t h e o f f ic e S o u t h s id e g a r d e n Central courtyard Ma in w o r k h a ll Fin is h in g w o r k h a ll
Ground Fl oor Pa c ka g in g w o r k h a ll Wo r ke r â€™ s lu n c h r o o m S u n ke n c o u r t Th e r ma l s t o r a g e t a n k Wa t e r t a n k & p u mp r o o m
Bas ement B MS & e le c t r ic a l r o o m
Dayl i ght anal ys i s:
The images on the right show the daylight analysis of the interior workspaces with planters and lightshelves. With the help of simulation softwares planter depths and projections were calculated to have ample amount of diffused daylight inside. Most of the workspaces requiring natural daylight are located on the periphery of the ground and first floor. The workerâ€™s lunchroom is located in the basement overlooking a sunken court, which provides natural light inside. Basement has ventilators all along the periphery providing daylight inside. Services with low daylight requirements like storerooms, service control rooms etc are placed in the basement.
Rol e i n team work:
I was the project architect and orchestrated all phases of the architectural design process from site survey through design development, energy simulation to site supervision. I was the principal coordinator with clients, consultants and contractors. I also presented the design for LEED accreditation.
Ventilators and light shelves reflect diffused day light inside the work spaces
Adm i ni s t r a t i o n b ui l di ng
Planters on south side to reduce heat gain
Pe r c o l a t i o n p i t w i t h b o u ld e r s
Dri p i rri gati o n fo r tre e s pl ante d o n si te
A ll e xt e r n a l w a lls a r e c a vit y w a lls w it h f ly a s h b r ic ks a n d a ir g a p
Factor y building
Ce ntral c o urtyard
M anually o p e r a t e d D GU u n it s with U valu e <0.5B t u /h r. s q f t.
I ndigen o u s p la n t speci e s w it h lo w water r e q u ir e me n t s Ventilators let the pen etration of sunlight in the basement
E xis t in g t r e e s r e t a in e d o n s it e
S o u t h s id e g a r d e n t o c o lle c t r o o f r u n o f f b y min imis in g h a r d p a ve d s u r f a c e s Ra in w a t e r h a r ve s tin g u s in g s w a le
Lo c a l l y a va i l a b l e m ate ri als with low embodied energy like B ri c k, Ko ta, Re d Agra, Dholpur stone have been used. Low V O C c o m p o und s l i ke pa ints, sealants comply ing with LEED stand a rd s we re use d to i mprove indoor air quality.
32 KW ge ne ra te d by so l ar panels is used for all external lighti ng a nd l o w usage ap p l i ances. Recy cled china mosaic with hi gh S R I re fl e c ti vi ty i s use d as roof finish to minimize heat i sl a nd e ffe c t.
S u n ke n c o u r t o ve r lo o kin g p la n t e r b o xe s o n t h e N o r t h s id e ke e p s t h e b a s e me n t lit b y n a t u r a l lig h t t h r o u g h o u t t h e d a y min imis in g t h e n e e d f o r a r t if ic ia l lig h t in g..
Th e b u ild in g is n o r t h s o u t h o r ie n t e d w h e r e 90% o f w o r k s p a c e s a r e lit b y n a t u r a l d if f u s e d lig h t. A ll HVA C s y s t e ms a r e B MS c o n t r o lle d w it h a d a p t ive a ir c o n d it io n in g a n d lo w s e t p o in t.
Voca tion al t rai ni ng cent er volunt eer wor k with vi l l agers Lo c a tio n : Paigambarpur village Uttar Pradesh INDIA A re a : 350 sqft. C lima te : Warm and humid
Finished shelves and interiors
S i te : I volunteered to design and execute a vocational training center with the local masons in a remote village in north India. I, along with an expert in ferrocement taught villagers to use this technology to construct pre cast shelves for the library block. The villagers subsequently implemented this technique to develop other buildings in the surrounding areas.
E xt e r io r vie w
Pro c e ss o f m a k i ng fe rro c e m e nt shelves
P h otog raphy & Graphi cs ex periment at io n & expl o rati o n
‘ thank yo u ’
Admitted to Harvard GSD MDesS in Energy & Environments for Fall 2013