Page 168

IN

98

THE TRACK OF THE MOORS

employed by the Moors probably came from Byzantium ; but so laborious and costly a form of workmanship was soon replaced by the use of larger tiles in pure colours, and workers

in the art

of extraordinary resistance. One class of wall tile, or azulejp, manufactured in Spain during the fourteenth century, continued The oldest of these for long to suggest or imitate mosaic. be seen in the Alhambra, and show an infinite variety of imagination, though they do not equal in brilliance the green, black and azure blue fa'fence of the Cuarto Real. glazed

tiles

may

Fortuny, during the years he worked at Granada, delighted work of the Alhambra, and himself endeavoured to " reflet reproduce the m^tallique," with some happy results. in this tile

He

time wore on, of painting on faience, but his busy and too short life gave him no chance of carrying out his intention. Since his time another artist, the fantastic and

had the

idea, as

symbol-loving Rochegrosse, has ornamented his Moorish home in Algiers with strange dim-coloured azulejos of his own design. In most Oriental countries

tiles

for

mural decoration were

used in the most magnificent way throughout the Middle Ages. From the twelfth to the sixteenth century an especial kind of

was largely employed for friezes, being frequently made in large slabs and modelled boldly in relief. Later on, when Italian arts penetrated into Spain, two schools of pottery were

lustred

tile

formed, one traditional

in its pure strong colours and geometrical the other displaying all the characteristics of the Repatterns, naissance ; tiles of a coarse majolica showing the graduated tinting and freer design, and the combination of blues and yellows which

are

found in

all later

Hispano-Moorish works.

These were prob-

work of

Italian potters settled in Spain, and were used as freely for paving as for mural decorations. Splendid specimens are found in the Alcazar at Seville, where the very

ably the

gardens

are bright with the tiles of the seventeenth century, earlier designs

pave the sunny pavilion.

Intruding

and even

among

these

Profile for kamutef

In the track of the Moors -Sketches in Spain and Northern Africa  

Impressions of Spain.- Andalusia.- Granada.- Origins of Moorish architecture in Spain.- The Moorish gardens of Spain.- Arabesque and Azulejo...

In the track of the Moors -Sketches in Spain and Northern Africa  

Impressions of Spain.- Andalusia.- Granada.- Origins of Moorish architecture in Spain.- The Moorish gardens of Spain.- Arabesque and Azulejo...

Profile for kamutef
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