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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

Leaning Vocabulary ‌.. [Type text]

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes


Abase Lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose selfrespect •

(verb) cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of "He humiliated his colleague by criticizing him in front of the boss"

Synonyms : chagrin , humble , humiliate , mortify His math’s teacher abased him in front of the whole class when he failed in his course.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) abase = a base; without a base; Imagine you shifted to a new house whose base is not very strong (without base) and hence it may fall down anytime and can abase you in front of your neighbors. (Tag: ) abaseabe(a slang used to degrade a person)shhh(se)usually an attempt to degrade a person's opinion. ovral goes to humiliate a person.... (Tag: ) A baseball player tripped over A BASE marker thus humiliating him.

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

Abash Embarrass •

(verb) cause to be embarrassed; cause to feel selfconscious

Synonyms: embarrass He looked somewhat abashed when I pointed out his silly mistake.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) What happens when u get a bash? (bashing)....u get embarrassed.

(Tag: Hindi) sounds like abash (AbhishekAishwarya, Bollywood ActorActress) married and abashed Salman(Bollywood Actor)

Mnemonics (Tag: ) link it to bashful. (Tag: ) A=ALWAYS B=BRINGS a S=SHAME (Tag: ABHANSH) if we tell a lady...u r ABHANSH(BULL IN HINDI) INFRONT OF EVERYONE,SHE WILL B EMBARASSED. (Tag: badshah emperor) I gave badshah A Bash in public, thus humiliating him...

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

Abate To reduce in amount; Put an end to; subside or moderate •

(verb) become less in amount or intensity

"The storm abated", "The rain let up after a few hours"

Synonyms : die away , let up , slack , slack off Rather than leaving immediately, we waited for the storm to abate. We are waiting for the rain to abate. •

(verb) make less active or intense

Synonyms : slack , slake Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) Focus on ‘ate’ part of abate. (eat, ate, eaten). When you eat anything, you reduce it's quantity.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) (Tag : ) abate , conc on ate, if u ate (spent) all ur money , ur property comes to an end (abate) (Tag: ) rebate means discount... i.e reducing the price.. abate and rebate are rhyming words (Tag: ' aa bait') 'abate' sounds like the hindi bait" means "come sit". Imagine a tired old man visiting you and you offer a chair and say 'aa bait' it will lessen relieve your tiredness. (Tag: ) A hunter uses A BAIT in his traps to capture animals, thus reducing their population (Tag: ) ab ate mat karo abate your weight (Tag: ) bate(if some body beats u,ur self respect for him gets diminished)...hence abate counts for getng diminishd by sum means...

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

Abbreviate shorten •

(verb) shorten

"Abbreviate `New York' and write `NY'" If you didnt abbreviate every second word in your mails it would be a lot easier to understand! Our seniors strictly instructed not to abbreviate anything while making notes for them. shingalas Our seniors strictly instructed not to abbreviate anything while copying notes for them shingalas •

(verb) reduce in scope while retaining essential elements

"The manuscript must be shortened"

Synonyms : abridge , contract , cut , foreshorten , reduce , shorten The President's speech has to be abbreviated before it can be published.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) abbreviate has root brev (brief) in it; brev (brief) means in short. hence meaning of abbreviate is to shorten something

Mnemonics (Tag: ) abbreviate consists of brevity(means brief) the meaning would be 'to make brief'

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

Abdicate renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility) •

(verb) give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors, or duties and obligations

"The King abdicated when he married a divorcee"

Synonyms : renounce Home minister has to abdicate his duties after huge failure at Mumbai blast case. shingalas We abdicate our liberty, freedom, democracy and power to those whose designs are entirely selfish. BagomboSnuffbox When she sold her story to the Daily Rag, she we abdicated her dignity and selfrespect. BagomboSnuffbox

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) ab (root ab means away as in abandon) dic (dictatorship) ate (to eat and hence reduce) : means to give away (or reduce) dictatorship and hence to giveup power. gre_guru

Mnemonics (Tag: ) abdicate dicate sounds like dictator. Dictator is an authoritarian ruler who has lot of power. To remember better,ab normal is opposite to normal.So,abdicate is opposite to dictator (ie)losing power. (Tag: ) (adj.) having facial features as specified; usually used in combination "a grimfeatured man" (adj.) made a feature or highlight; given prominence "a featured actor", "a featured item at the sale"

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

Aberrant abnormal or deviant •

(noun) one whose behavior departs substantially from the norm of a group

When it came to clothes she was an aberrant in that bunch of impeccably dressed professionals. •

(adj.) markedly different from an accepted norm

"aberrant behavior", "deviant ideas"

Synonyms : deviant , deviate His aberrant eating behavior is main cause of all his health problems. Administrator The fish did not display any aberrant behavior when returned to water. mona lisa's playing poker an aberrant art

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) ab (away) err (error) ant : focus on ERR and ANT, usually an ant follows a path ... so moving away from (root ab means away from) that path means, error in regular path and hence deviating from normal path...or behaviour

Mnemonics (Tag: ) (Tag: Global) ab (away) err (error) ant : focus on ERR and ANT. Ants normally move together in a queue. imagine all these ants moving randomly like a group of honey bees. That would be abnormal behaviour. (Tag: ) UBER ANT is an abnormally large ant. (Uber comes from German for super but is used in gaming slang in English) (Tag: ) aberrant behaviour of owner abb agar rent nahi diya (Tag: ) AB means away.berrant is rhyming with diffrent so its give the meaning of abnormalor deviant

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

Aberration deviation from the normal; mental disorder • (noun) an optical phenomenon resulting from the failure of a lens or mirror to produce a good image

Synonyms : distortion , optical aberration A lens with an aberration will not focus sunlight sharply enough to burn a piece of paper. •

(noun) a disorder in one's mental state

Her obsession with clothes was an aberration. •

(noun) a state or condition markedly different from the norm

Synonyms : aberrance , aberrancy , deviance Her excessive dependency on her friends was an aberration.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) sounds like ab operation due to the mentally disorder doctors want to do immediate operation of the patient

Mnemonics (Tag: ) aberration.. in this if we concentrate on err.. which relates to error.. which is deviation from normal.. (Tag: ) sounds like abortion which is not normal delivery (Tag: ) abeyeirritation=aberration if the pic is not of good quality due to lens problems its eyeirritating (Tag: ) ab (away) rational; rational behavior is good or normal or accepted behavior, whereas "abberation(al)" is away from the normal. [Type text]

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

(Tag: ) abrretion means irregularity and its similar word is 'anomalous' and anomalous behaviour of water is studied is schools which we do remember

Abet assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage •

(verb) assist or encourage, usually in some wrongdoing

He is equally responsible for the bank robbery as he abetted the thief in doing that.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) abet ; a bet generally assists you to do something wrong

Mnemonics (Tag: English) to differentiate abet from abate=degrade, we can pronounce it as, my mom beat me when I assisted my brother in stealing chocolates...this can give an idea that abbeat=abet is related to something doing wrong. (Tag: english) "a""bet" Normally in teenage,college students "bet" to their friends that i will make a girl to fall in luv with me n even his fnds supports n encourages him. (Tag: ) 'a bet' relate it to the betting in cricket. Betting encourages the players to invove in match fixing. Md. azharruddin was assisted by a better. • pronouncing abet as abeat and doing so with other words can hamper one's pronounciation capability.

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

Abeyance suspended action •

(noun) temporary cessation or suspension

Synonyms : suspension The game was in abeyance until the rain ended. due to extended rainfall,the match was kept in abeyance(delay)

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) Interpret it as opposite of obeyance not obeying the given orders and suspend the work (action)

Mnemonics (Tag: ) it seemingly sounds like abyawns.... so, think of something like 'students started yawning and so the teacher gave them mins break' i.e. temporary suspension... (Tag: ) abeyance .. here concentrate on beyance.. it sounds like buoyancy which which suspends objects above the ground level.. (Tag: English) remember "abey" in hindi... abey mat karo... do it later! (Tag: ) Interpret it as opposite of obeyance not obeying. Not obeying the orders of his Commanding officer resulted in the captain's suspension for days. (Tag: Hindi) ABHAYAS(practice) due to lack of practice, main event got delayed. (Tag: ) keep at bay (Tag: Global) Relate the word to the singer "Beyonce Knowles"......suspended her singing(action) becoz of her age but not retried

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

Abhor detest; hate •

(verb) find repugnant

"I loathe that man", "She abhors cats"

Synonyms : abominate , execrate , loathe She abhors cats. He absolutely abominated slavery.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) a bhor (bore).. a bore person is always rejected. Many people generally abhor a bore person.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) abhor sounds like "a whore" and we generally hate a to hate someone is abhoring that person (Tag: ) Abhor The last part sounds like HORror ppl hate horror films, they detest them. (Tag: ) abhor = "ab" (away) "hor" (prostitute) we want the hor to go away because we despise it. (Tag: ) Focus on "hor"(suffix) hor=horseso ,i hate horse (Tag: hate) abhor is similar to abort,abort means an operation ended abruptly..consider wen your installing your most liked game and den suddenly if u see an error called operation aborted u hate(abhor) that,isn't it? (Tag: ) Focus on "hor"(suffix) hor=horseso ,i hate horse (Tag: ) 'abhor' sounds similar to 'whore', a prostitute. Imagine a whore hates you more than you hate him when dirty people visit her.

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

(Tag: ) "adore" means to like like somethin deeply.. so "abhor" means the hate something..

Abide dwell; abide by: comply with; put up with; tolerate; Ex. abide by the rules; Ex. I can't abide rude people. •

(verb) put up with something or somebody unpleasant

"I cannot bear his constant criticism", "The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks", "he learned to tolerate the heat", "She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage"

Synonyms : bear , brook , digest , endure , put up , stand , stick out , stomach , suffer , support , tolerate She was generally very tolerant but the one thing she could not abide was hypocrisy. •

(verb) dwell

"You can stay with me while you are in town", "stay a bit longerthe day is still young"

Synonyms : bide , stay He really wished to abide a few more days in that mansion.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) bide in abide sounds like bind(something that binds you) abide means that fails to bind you from your heart..but you merely have to tolerate

Mnemonics (Tag: ) abride(bide)genrally guyz loose their independence aftr d marriage bcoz f their as to bear them n their abide counts to bear sthng or hate sthng... (Tag: ) abi(abhi"name of a person")the second part sounds like hide(abhi hides from his stupid friends....because he cant tolerate them. (Tag: ) abide : concentrate on bide it sounds like hide,to escape you hide as u can't bear them lik that (Tag: ) Not to upset the host I took A BITE of the cake although I can barely tolerate chocolate.

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

(Tag: ) abhi hides himself in d(THE) well(DWELL)......

Abject (of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of selfrespect; Ex. abject apology •

(adj.) showing humiliation or submissiveness

"an abject apology" He terrifies his wife no end. There is always an abject expression on her face. •

(adj.) of the most contemptible kind

"abject cowardice", "a low stunt to pull", "a lowdown sneak", "his miserable treatment of his family", "You miserable skunk!", "a scummy rabble", "a scurvy trick"

Synonyms : low , lowdown , miserable , scummy , scurvy He is filled with such abject laziness that he will not move a muscle even if his family dies of hunger. •

(adj.) most unfortunate or miserable

"the most abject slaves joined in the revolt", "abject poverty" •

(adj.) showing utter resignation or hopelessness

"abject surrender"

Synonyms : unhopeful He lived in abject poverty. in a court,the lawyer says "abjection your honour "

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) Abject sounds like Reject...hopeless person is always rejected

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes (Tag: ) Abject sounds like REJECT. Poor people are like REJECTED (Abject) people in the society.

(Tag: language) 'Submissive' ppl are treated as mere OBJECTS THAT ARE OWNED (compare object wid ABJECT) and less humane.. (Tag: ) interpret "abject " as opposite to OBJECT...Wen we think of object immediately it strikes that object is a point or thing point or thing has got some location or some reference to opposite to no reference and no hope that is miserable o (Tag: ) One social object is to reduce abject poverty. (Tag: ) interpret "abject " as opposite to OBJECT...Wen we think of object immediately it strikes that object is a point or thing point or thing has got some location or some reference to opposite to reference and hope is hopeless or miserable.

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

Abjure renounce upon oath •

(verb) formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief, usually under pressure

"He retracted his earlier statements about his religion", "She abjured her beliefs"

Synonyms : forswear , recant , resile , retract

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) abjure ~ ab (away) jure (jury). He abjured (rejected, moved away from) her earlier statements in front of jury. sandysuhy

Mnemonics (Tag: English) Abjure sounds like sure. Ab means away . So abjure means giving away for which you were sure . renounce (Tag: ) abjure...jure jor (in Hindi) Jor lagaao chodoo mat....(Don't Give up) ( this mnemonic is in Hindi Language) (Tag: ) abjaanedeyaar (abjure) am renouncing (Tag: ie forcefully) ab(now);(jury).one compulsoryly have to take an oath in front of a jury (Tag: ) I SURE never believed in this crap! (Tag: hindi) ab jury ke saamne kasam khaata hoon, i'll not do this again (Tag: ) Abjure = Ab jure (Zaroori in HINDI) .. under pressure you say "Ab zaroori nahi hai"..

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes


Ablution washing •

(noun) the ritual washing of a priest's hands or of sacred vessels

The old priest went to the lake adjoining the temple to perform his morning ablutions before entering the shrine.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) ablution ~ a blue solution; just imagine some blue color solution used for washing clothes.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) blu sounds like blue washing powder (Tag: ) take the suffix.lution sounds like lotion .so,i am washing(cleaning) the wound my some antiseptic lotion. (Tag: ablution=ritual of washin(with a blu solution) priest hands) ablusolution=detegent n its used to wash (Tag: ) 'ablution' is 'a blue solution'. It's a sacred solution used by priests to wash their hands and temple utensils.

(Tag: English) ABlution=ABpollution that means causing not pollution

(Tag: ) After finger painting I washed my hands but I forgot that I touched my face so I ended walking around with A BLUE CHIN all day without even noticing [Type text]

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

Abnegation renunciation; selfsacrifice; selfabnegation •

(noun) renunciation of your own interests in favor of the interests of others

Synonyms : denial , selfabnegation , selfdenial , selfrenunciation The king's abnegation was as a result of the rising discontent among the people of the kingdom and not out of any goodwill of his own. •

(noun) the denial and rejection of a doctrine or belief

"abnegation of the Holy Trinity" The age of Enlightenment paved the way for the abnegation of religion.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) Abnegate ~ relate negate to negative and ab to away. It implies subtracting something. Subtracting (removing away) some important aspect of your life means sacrificing something. Administrator

Mnemonics (Tag: General) abnegation=abnegation. negation part could be considered as saying negative answer. when you say NO to something, you have rejected it or renounced it (Tag: hindi) abnegate: abnahiget; meaning giving up something

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

(Tag: ) abnegation= absent negotiation= when two lovers cant negotiate with their parents about their love they have to self sacrifice for others (Tag: ) Abnation is part of life in abbey(The dwelling place of society of monks and nuns.) Abbey can be remembered by OBEY. (Monks and nuns obey the rule.)

Abode dwelling place; home •

(noun) housing that someone is living in

"he built a modest dwelling near the pond", "they raise money to provide homes for the homeless"

Synonyms : domicile , dwelling , dwelling house , habitation , home I welcome you all to my humble abode. Please make yourselves at home. •

(noun) any address at which you dwell more than temporarily

"a person can have several residences"

Synonyms : residence That tiny cottage had become his abode since his wife passed away.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) abode: some people get bored (from bode) staying in home.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) abode sounds jus like aboard= aboard... boarding refers to living room or place (Tag: ) abode(body) ......a body needs a dwelling place/home (Tag: English) Children use Adobe software to make abode(houses) in pictures [Type text]

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

(Tag: ) Abode is built using Adobe. Adobe means sundried brick.

Abolish cancel; put an end to •

(verb) do away with

"Slavery was abolished in the midth century in America and in Russia"

Synonyms : get rid of Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) ab polish (bolish) : now we have polish our shoes and hence put an end to dirt over it.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) sounds sumwhat similar to demolish..which means put an end of sumthing (Tag: ) nd part sounds like ISSSSHHHH n when dis sound is pruduced it means something is not gud n needs to be cancelled or brought to an end.

(Tag: ) abolish..Abolish(sounds like POLICE...)so A POLICE team came to wedding hall,and cancelled the marrige as he was marrying second time without divorcing first wife.

(Tag: ) the last letters sounds lyk ishhhh whch reminds us f aishwarya rai..her memories puts an end our heart beat...hene abolish is to put an end sthng.... (Tag: ) abolish sounds like apolish which means it cleans bad....put an end to dust (Tag: ) conc on ab....o(zero)of abolish.that is "ab zero pe aana padega" or come to zero.i.e.come to an end.

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

(Tag: ) abolish is similar to abort.Meaning of abort is to stop the development of a baby.Thus the meaning "End something" or "Put to an end".

Abominable detestable; extremely unpleasant •

(adj.) exceptionally bad or displeasing

"atrocious taste", "abominable workmanship", "an awful voice", "dreadful manners", "a painful performance", "terrible handwriting", "an unspeakable odor came sweeping into the room"

Synonyms : atrocious , awful , dreadful , painful , terrible , unspeakable The service at this restaurant is abominable. I am sorry to say but the food was simply awful. •

(adj.) unequivocally detestable

"abominable treatment of prisoners", "detestable vices", "execrable crimes", "consequences odious to those you govern"

Synonyms : detestable , execrable , odious His cruelty to animals makes him abominable. This mess of cables? The most odious part of the process for any networking professional..

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) abo min able : this work is not even above (ab) my minimum (min) ability (able) level.. so it's exceptionally bad.

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

(Tag: ) " AVOMIN " (pretty famous drug) given wen u feel a vomiting sensation( which is an unpleasant feeling)..Associate avomin to abomin...

(Tag: ) abomin(OMIT) think of our indian cricket team ,right now are we able to omit any one? no !because everyone is playing good

(Tag: ) abomin(OMIT)ABLE means "away from omit". if sth can not be omitted it is forced to us and we should tolerate it and gradually we would hate it

(Tag: ) ever heard of abominable snowman??...its an apelike wild animal its unpleasant

(Tag: ) abo=> above min=> minute able => able so hated so can't resist above a minute

(Tag: ) ab=abroad,omin=omen,,i am unable to go to OMEN coz people there are unpleasent

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

Abominate loathe; hate •

(verb) find repugnant

"I loathe that man", "She abhors cats"

Synonyms : abhor , execrate , loathe She abhors cats. He absolutely abominated slavery.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) omi here sounds like omit, we omit the things we hate (Tag: Eng) once again wid reference to mnemonic of abominable ....abominate has BOMI(bengali of Vomit)....which is unpleasant experience

(Tag: ) the last four letters sound lyk hate(nate)....hence abominate is to hate sb/sthg...

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

(Tag: ) ab(abhi..a name of a person)ominate(sounds like "mina"(focus on middle of girl...omit...(means deliberately )....abhi omitted mina from his team because he hated her like anything.

(Tag: ) ab(abhi...a name of person)ominate(sounds together like omit mina.....means leave out mina)......abhi omitted mina from his team because he hated her like anything

(Tag: ) I NOMINATE Adolf Hitler to be the most hated tyrant in history of the world.

Aboriginal being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine •

(noun) an indigenous person who was born in a particular place

"the art of the natives of the northwest coast", "the Canadian government scrapped plans to tax the grants to aboriginal college students"

Synonyms : aborigine , indigen , indigene , native •

(noun) a darkskinned member of a race of people living in Australia when Europeans arrived

Synonyms : abo , aborigine , australian aborigine , native australian He was an aboriginal from Australia. •

(adj.) characteristic of or relating to people inhabiting a region from the beginning

"native Americans", "the aboriginal peoples of Australia"

Synonyms : native The aboriginal art of India was neglected for long. •

(adj.) of or pertaining to members of the indigenous people of Australia

"an Aboriginal rite" Animal sacrifice was one of the aboriginal rites.

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes (adj.) having existed from the beginning; in an earliest or original stage or state

"aboriginal forests", "primal eras before the appearance of life on earth", "the forest primeval", "primordial matter", "primordial forms of life"

Synonyms : primaeval , primal , primeval , primordial Primordial man’s wants and possessions were basic and minimal. Man has always had a primal fear of fire. Aboriginal forests dominate the country side.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) A B Original : AB are initial (original) English alphabets.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) see the word origin which means first of a kind. (Tag: ) aboregional(riginal)whch correspons to a aprticular place or a native place..hence aboriginal refers to indigenous or native place..... (Tag: ) intepret the meaning from 'original' in this word..

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

abortive unsuccessful; fruitless •

(adj.) failing to accomplish an intended result

"an abortive revolt", "a stillborn plot to assassinate the President"

Synonyms : stillborn , unsuccessful The abortive plot to assassinate the President was orchestrated by a feared mafia leader.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) abortion is a common word which means termination of pregnancy.. and hence something unsuccessful or fruitless. sowmitha

Mnemonics (Tag: ) Relate it to abort..things usually gets aborted when it seems that it would be unsuccessful or fruitless [Type text]

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

(Tag: ) abort => "to stop somthing before result" ive= action that is "useless action"

(Tag: ) Antonyms:complete, consummated, effective, effectual, efficient, fruitful,successful

abrasive rubbing away; tending to grind down •

(noun) a substance that abrades or wears down

Synonyms : abradant , abrasive material It is not advisable to use an abrasive like sandpaper to polish the kitchen tiles. •

(adj.) sharply disagreeable; rigorous

"the harsh facts of court delays", "an abrasive character"

Synonyms : harsh Her abrasive temper has made her extremely unpopular among her peers. Her abrasive character never let her sustain friendships. •

(adj.) causing abrasion

Synonyms : scratchy I am sorry I damaged your pan.I did not realise that this was an abrasive cleanser.

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) ab rasi ab means away and rasi sounds like erase.. erasing something to remove away some dirt.. hence rubbing away.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) sounds like aggressive,which means harsh behavior jaga (Tag: Global) abrasive:abErasive:which means rubbing away (Tag: ) take first three letters of this word...i.e. ABR... nw simply jumble the wrd.. it will give u...RAB...n it sounds like RUB..i.e. meaning too

abridge condense or shorten •

(verb) lessen, diminish, or curtail

"the new law might abridge our freedom of expression" •

(verb) reduce in scope while retaining essential elements

"The manuscript must be shortened"

Synonyms : abbreviate , contract , cut , foreshorten , reduce , shorten The President's speech has to be abbreviated before it can be published.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) abridge : bridges can shorten the transportation time.. Administrator [Type text]

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

Mnemonics (Tag: ) abridge..well bridges are meant to reduce the gap between abridging..something means reducing?or shortening something.

abrogate abolish •

(verb) revoke formally

In the aftermath of such a fierce rebellion the government was left with no option but to abrogate the inhuman tax.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) A's (someone's) Brother is standing near INDIA GATE to abolish the excise duty law.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) Imagine a boy is making sighs to a girl standing in front of her GATE,seeing that ,her BRO comes & get rid of the boy (abolish) (Tag: ) ab*rog*gate What does a ROGUE do if he is given power? > Abolish things officially !!! (Tag: telugu,rogam meaning disease) rogamdisease need to b abolished (Tag: English) ab (now) rog (disease) ate (eat) so, eat the disease and abolish it now.

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

(Tag: English) (this mnemonic needs understanding of Hindi language) ab ro gate par aakar (in Hindi) imagine a person crying(ab ro gate par aake) in front of a gate because his form has been cancelled (abolished) (Tag: english) ab*ROG*ate .. concentrate on ROG , it sounds like rogue and normally we like to ABOLISH rogues (Tag: English) abrogate to ask someone to get out of our gate . thus you are abolishing that person. (Tag: ) a bro gate they put a gate on my bro to revoke him

abscission cutting off; separation •

(noun) the act of cutting something off

Synonyms : cutting off His toe was so much affected by the infection that the doctors resorted to an abscission. •

(noun) shedding of flowers and leaves and fruit following formation of scar tissue in a plant

The formation of an abscission zone is a natural phenomenon preceding the shedding of leaves.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) ab scission = scissor scissor separates two things by cutting them ,so separation

Mnemonics (Tag: ) It had the word sciss(scissors) in it.Scissors are used for Cutting,seperating.. [Type text]

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes


(Tag: ) Imagin word in following way "absc I ssion". Here " I " is separating "absc" and "ssion". SO it is nothing but cutting these words. (Tag: rogam meaning disease need to b abolished) rogate is something that sounds rogam which should b abolished...... (Tag: english: plant hormone) its from word abscissnic acid which causes cutting of bud off the plant. so abscission is cutting off

(Tag: global) "abscission" sounds like "Recession"..nw a days companies are cutting their employs due to recession.

abscond depart secretly and hide •

(verb) run away; usually includes taking something or somebody along

"The thief made off with our silver", "the accountant absconded with the cash from the safe"

Synonyms : absquatulate , bolt , decamp , go off , make off , run off

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) abs cond (condition) : I should have six pack abs is an important condition before she can abscond with me.

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Mnemonics (Tag: ) Abscond ? ab scond. ?Absent in a second?. When you will absent in a second? =when u STEAL OFF & HIDE, or when u DEPART secretly.

(Tag: ) focus on cond=condition if elders keep conditions to do this n that we will do it secretly or we will escape from that place secretly

(Tag: HINDI) absCOND sounds like abs'KAND'..when you do KAND you run away, depart secretly and hide :) (Tag: Hindi) ABSENT KAUN(who?) whoever is absent in class has absconded

(Tag: ) abscond treat it like james bond, hidinng from villain

absolute complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism • (noun) something that is conceived or that exists independently and not in relation to other things; something that does not depend on anything else and is beyond human control; something that is not relative "no mortal being can influence the absolute" •

(adj.) perfect or complete or pure

"absolute loyalty", "absolute silence", "absolute truth", "absolute alcohol" The job demanded absolute loyalty on her part. •

(adj.) not capable of being violated or infringed

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"infrangible human rights"

Synonyms : infrangible , inviolable The right to freedom of expression is not absolute. • (adj.) complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers "absolute freedom", "an absolute dimwit", "a downright lie", "outandout mayhem", "an outandout lie", "a rank outsider", "many rightdown vices", "got the job through sheer persistence", "sheer stupidity" He was an absolute monarch who was not responsible to any legislative or executive body. •

(adj.) expressing finality with no implication of possible change

"an absolute guarantee to respect the nation's authority" He was required to give an absolute guarantee to respect the nation's authority.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) "solute" sounds like salute and we use to salute people having complete power.

absolve pardon (an offense) •

(verb) let off the hook

"I absolve you from this responsibility"

Synonyms : free , justify •

(verb) grant remission of a sin to

"The priest absolved him and told him to say ten Hail Mary's"

Synonyms : shrive

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Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) ab solve : if you can solve this problem, I can absolve your sin from the accusation of cheating in exam. (a teacher said to his student) meduriswetha

Mnemonics (Tag: English) ab solve . so you solved a dispute between you and your friend , how did you solve it by forgiving and pardoning him/her .

(Tag: ) Releasing a person from jail sheriff tells him: "you can go I'VE SOLVED the crime, turns out you are innocent after all"

(Tag: english) absolve also=exempt,discharge,dispense,exculpate,acquit,exonerate,vindicate • absolve. Here its mentioned "solved".Since the case has been solved the court "released him without any further blame". shootdemup!

abstain refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote; •

(verb) choose not to consume

"I abstain from alcohol"

Synonyms : desist , refrain "You have to refrain from smoking" sradha_inlas •

(verb) refrain from voting

The students abstained from voting during the student council election due to the favouritism exhibited by the Principal in nominating the candidates.

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Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) ab (meaning away) stain : we generally tend to stay away from stain (dirt, dust etc) (Tag: Global) abs tain (train trainer) : my abs trainer (in gym) advised me to abstain from alcohol and oily stuffs.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) abstain...we tend to stay away from stain....

(Tag: ) this can be written as "abstai......and stai......sounds like stay.... and .. stay out of something means not involving in sth that doesn't concern to one.

(Tag: ) Focus on stain mom will scold us if we have some ud or ink stains on our dress .So,promise to mom i wont play in mud again(choose not to do something")

(Tag: ) like in above case intentionally not using one's vote.means one knows that even if he/she uses thier votes politicians will never change hence they are concern about it and staying out of the voting process

(Tag: Global) ab (away) stain = Mom asked me to be away from or not participate in the party due to stain

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

abstemious sparing in eating and drinking; temperate •

(adj.) sparing in consumption of especially food and drink

"the pleasures of the table, never of much consequence to one naturally abstemious" Being so abstemious, he never had any likes or preferences when it came to food. •

(adj.) marked by temperance in indulgence

"abstemious with the use of adverbs", "a light eater", "a light smoker", "ate a light supper"

Synonyms : light The writer was abstemious with the use of adverbs.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) abs (abs) stemious (stamina): To build stamina or six pack abs, you have to eat and drink carefully. rohit gupta

Mnemonics (Tag: English) focus on 'abs' part of this word. Abs...To build a sixpack abs, eat n drink carefully (Tag: ) ABstain from eating STEM

(Tag: English) *ABS*temious , concentrate on ABS .. one who eats and drinks less/lightly will have abs ( of course with work out :) ) (Tag: ) 'ab'(away) 'stemious'(stem of tree) not as thick as stem == refrains in eating(or suffering from marasmus) (Tag: ) just focus on abs we get abs by eating food and its abstemious soo abs for u

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• to S)

Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes even absolve has 'abs' in it..u simple can judge the meaning from those three letters(in response

abstinence restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote •

(noun) act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite

Practicing abstinence from chocolates is impossible for her. •

(noun) the trait of abstaining (especially from alcohol)

Synonyms : abstention There are many religions that preach abstinence from alcohol.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) abstinence (sounds like absent) : like being absent from enjoying pleasant things

Mnemonics (Tag: ) abstinence..(looks like STRINGENC(y)....MEANS sticking to the rules) your doctor has asked you to stick to the rule of eating only bread ,if you want to reduce your belly.

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abstract theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational •

(noun) a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance

"he loved her only in the abstractnot in person"

Synonyms : abstraction •

(noun) a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory

Synonyms : outline , precis , synopsis You will have to send in an abstract of your project by next Monday. • (verb) consider a concept without thinking of a specific example; consider abstractly or theoretically Thinking abstractly might have its limitations but it is definitely neccessary. •

(verb) consider apart from a particular case or instance

"Let's abstract away from this particular example" •

(verb) give an abstract (of)

It was only when I was abstracting my argument that I realised how flawed it was. •

(verb) make off with belongings of others

Synonyms : cabbage , filch , hook , lift , nobble , pilfer , pinch , purloin , snarf , sneak , swipe She couldn't believe he had actually abstracted the files she had so carefully hidden. •

(adj.) existing only in the mind; separated from embodiment

"abstract words like `truth' and `justice'" Beauty is an abstract concept. •

(adj.) dealing with a subject in the abstract without practical purpose or intention

"abstract reasoning", "abstract science" [Type text]

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His abstract reasoning was not going to solve the problem. •

(adj.) not representing or imitating external reality or the objects of nature

"a large abstract painting"

Synonyms : abstractionist , nonfigurative , nonobjective Their drawing room was dominated by a large abstract painting.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) abstract(able). Do u think getting abs is tractable(manageable) or easy, certainly not its only theoretical in most case. abhims

Mnemonics (Tag: ) Ab..A(NOT)stract(EXTRACT)..(here it gain an information from something) if you are a given passage on philosophy,will you be able to understand something,as it very much theoretical and based on general ideas.

(Tag: ) abstract: sounds close to extract....and you cant extract anything from an abstract speech or passage.

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

abstruse obscure; profound; difficult to understand •

(adj.) difficult to penetrate; incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding or knowledge

"the professor's lectures were so abstruse that students tended to avoid them", "a deep metaphysical theory", "some recondite problem in historiography"

Synonyms : deep , recondite Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) It contains "ab....use". ab generally stands for negative sense and so 'ab use' can be taken as difficult to use. A word will be difficult to use if it is difficult to understand.

Mnemonics (Tag: English) abstruse=>absurd..(remove se from the word)and arrange abstru to absurt.. or absurd.. which can be correlated to difficult to understand..

(Tag: Assimilator) Ab(s)truce = someone with whom making truce is difficult coz he z difficult to understand (Tag: ) relate it to ab'use..abuse.. and abusive language is always difficult to penetrate.

Mnemonics (Tag: english/hindi) (abstruse)ab=now str use or v can say use str now.its difficult to use n that it means (Tag: USE) AB stress nahi doge or brain USE(last alphabets) nahi karoge then you wont be able to understand anything.Difficult to understand. (Tag: english/hindi) (abstruse)ab=now str use or v can say use str now.its difficult to use n that it means (Tag: ) ABSTRUSS...its difficult to build abs as strong as truss

(Tag: english/hindi) (abstruse)ab=now str use or v can say use str now.its difficult to use n that it means [Type text]

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

abusive coarsely insulting; physically harmful •

(adj.) characterized by physical or psychological maltreatment

"abusive punishment", "argued...that foster homes are abusive" John argued that some foster homes are abusive. •

(adj.) expressing offensive reproach

Synonyms : opprobrious , scurrilous The film was was outright abusive to all women!

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) ab usive : abuse; ab is generally used in negative (bad) sense. Hence, we should not use bad language (abusive)in front of our child. ksameer_coep

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

abut border upon; adjoin •

(verb) lie adjacent to another or share a boundary

"Canada adjoins the U.S.", "England marches with Scotland"

Synonyms : adjoin , border , butt , butt against , butt on , edge , march My house abuts against his tiny strip of land...which is why he is giving me such a difficult time.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) ABut : 'But' is used to (ad)join two sentence as in example : He is good guy, but not a good student. abhims

Mnemonics (Tag: English ) Look at your BUTT (Dont take it offensively).Its like two pieces of flesh together marked by a boundary in between them ..Thats abut .

(Tag: English) abhut=> all huts generally will be side by side.

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abysmal bottomless •

(adj.) resembling an abyss in depth; so deep as to be unmeasurable

"the abyssal depths of the ocean"

Synonyms : abyssal , unfathomable The ring fell into the abysmal depths of the ocean. •

(adj.) very great; limitless

"abysmal misery", "abysmal stupidity" He could not tolerate his brother's abysmal stupidity.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) ab (negative sense, not) y small. something which is not small, so big and hence limitless or bottomless.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) abys(take dis as i.e.bees in hindi)mal(take it as mile) a mile deep pit in the ground looks like its bottomless (Tag: ) You might have seen "Aladdin" dat there was a negative character named as "Abysmaal"...i.e. "extremely bad" man... (Tag: ) bys...sounds like bottomless (Tag: ) if use rearrange the word abysmal u get "smalbays" which sounds lik "small base" which is approximately equal to no base ie bottom less..

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

abyss enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit • (noun) a bottomless gulf or pit; any unfathomable (or apparently unfathomable) cavity or chasm or void extending below (often used figuratively)

Synonyms : abysm We have to lift her out of the abyss of depression she has fallen into since her grandfather passed away.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Hindi) a bys (take dis as i.e. bees in hindi language)mal(take it as mile)..... so a mile deep pit in the ground looks like its bottomless.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) Abys....(this mnemonic is in hindi...ek (bees) fit ka gadda)..i.e. Vast bottomless pit....

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Academic related to a school; not practical or directly useful •

(noun) an educator who works at a college or university

Synonyms : academician , faculty member He is probably one of the best academics in his institution and he has an ego to match that! •

(adj.) associated with academia or an academy

"the academic curriculum", "academic gowns" The university decided to revise its academic curriculum. •

(adj.) hypothetical or theoretical and not expected to produce an immediate or practical result

"an academic discussion", "an academic question" They had an academic discussion about terrorism. •

(adj.) marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning especially its trivial aspects

Synonyms : donnish , pedantic The topic of the seminar seems interesting but i think its going to be a completely academic exercise. His pedantic attention to details irritated his students.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) acadummy(that cannot be used in practical purpose or that is only for show off). i think eveyone can easily guess the first meaning of academic nakul.

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

accede agree •

(verb) to agree or express agreement

"The Maestro assented to the request for an encore"

Synonyms : acquiesce , assent We should never acquiesce to unrealistic and unnecessary demands. Administrator •

(verb) yield to another's wish or opinion

"The government bowed to the military pressure"

Synonyms : bow , defer , give in , submit It requires great conviction to not accede to the opinions of the people around you. •

(verb) take on duties or office

"accede to the throne"

Synonyms : enter He acceded to the throne in .

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) sounds like accept agreed : accede;

Mnemonics (Tag: ) startng letters soundd lyk axe(acce)de...usually when u happen experience a threat wid an axe,u agree everythng othrs basically accede goes agreement... (Tag: english) accede( means to yield) accede means to yield to somebody opinion or wish. (Tag: English) Sounds like exceed,a boy request a girl to exceed the limits of her parents and run away with him, also excess of money will make the person the King(the other meaning of the word) [Type text]

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(Tag: ) take last word cede as,i agree seed is not there plant will also not be there. (Tag: ) take last word cede as,i agree seed is not there plant will also not be there. (Tag: English) accede = a ccede This means proceed as I agreed.e.g. you can proceed as I agreed.

(Tag: ) take last word cede as,i agree seed is not there plant will also not be there.

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accelerate move faster •

(verb) move faster

"The car accelerated"

Synonyms : quicken , speed , speed up •

(verb) cause to move faster

"He accelerated the car"

Synonyms : speed , speed up

Mnemonics (Tag: ) accelerate..ACCELERATE(SOUNDS LIKE CELEBRATE).....well imagine you got a chance to CELEBRATE your birthday with britny spears and you need to be on time,so please MOVE FASTER , so you can reach on time.

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accessible easy to approach; obtainable •

(adj.) capable of being reached

"a town accessible by rail" My town is accessible by rail. •

(adj.) easy to get along with or talk to; friendly

"an accessible and genial man" He is such an accessible man! •

(adj.) easily obtained

"most students now have computers accessible", "accessible money" •

(adj.) capable of being read with comprehension

"readily accessible to the nonprofessional reader", "the tales seem more approachable than his more difficult novels"

Synonyms : approachable

Mnemonics (Tag: ) ACCESS(something which you are able to use or enter) ible(ABLE)...SO you are ABLE to use your computer, well then, mail your resume to companies because it is EASY TO APPROACH them via mail.

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accessory additional object; useful but not essential thing •

(noun) a supplementary component that improves capability

Synonyms : addon , appurtenance , supplement I think a good lens cover is a neccessary accessory for that camera. •

(noun) clothing that is worn or carried, but not part of your main clothing

Synonyms : accouterment , accoutrement You need some bright accessories in your wardrobe. A pink bag would jazz up that outfit you are wearing! •

(noun) someone who helps another person commit a crime

Synonyms : accessary He wanted me to be his accessory in carrying out the bank robbery. •

(adj.) furnishing added support

"an ancillary pump", "an adjuvant discipline to forms of mysticism", "The mind and emotions are auxiliary to each other"

Synonyms : adjunct , adjuvant , ancillary , appurtenant , auxiliary •

(adj.) aiding and abetting in a crime

"he was charged with being accessory to the crime"

Synonyms : accessary

Mnemonics (Tag: ) access(EXCESS)ory(ornaments)..SO you have got excess of ornaments ,which are not very essential for you,as your clothes,then why do you waste so much money on additional objects like this.

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

acclaim applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise •

(noun) enthusiastic approval

"the book met with modest acclaim", "he acknowledged the plaudits of the crowd", "they gave him more eclat than he really deserved"

Synonyms : acclamation , eclat , plaudit , plaudits •

(verb) praise vociferously

"The critics hailed the young pianist as a new Rubinstein"

Synonyms : hail , herald His new book has been acclaimed as the best ever in science fiction. The 'NANO' project (Worlds small car for lakh rupee) has been hailed at its launch as a revolution in the motoring world vindos •

(verb) clap one's hands or shout after performances to indicate approval

Synonyms : applaud , clap , spat They acclaimed his performance with great gusto.

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) look at the last letters AIM > when you had reached ur aim u will be praised (Tag: Global) Aclaim.. You can claim the success of your movie only if it's acclaimed by audience.

Mnemonics [Type text]

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(Tag: ) Aclaim..imagine you have claimed to a news channel that you have designed a super computer ,so every where people are praising you for your great invention (Tag: ) look at the last letters AIM > when you had reached ur aim u will be praised (Tag: ) like if u claim that u get teh drug to make man immortal, what u will get? acclaim

(Tag: ) ppl are applauding but according me its lame...acclame

(Tag: ) look at the last letters AIM > when you had reached ur aim u will be praised

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Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes

acclimate adjust to climate or environment; adapt •

(verb) get used to a certain climate

"They never acclimatized in Egypt"

Synonyms : acclimatise , acclimatize

Selected Mnemonic (Tag: Global) acclimate : according to the climate; You have to adapt yourself according to the climate change.

Mnemonics (Tag: ) ACCording to CLIMATE = acclimate

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English Vocab Learning  
English Vocab Learning  

Leaning Vocabulary ….. Kamlesh Chandra Super Memory Workshop Notes 1