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The First Interactive ESOL Magazine






SRC - ESOL Course Level 2 (2012-2013)




SRC Principal’s Interview How to follow a successful path on page 8

Beliefs nourish the traditions and unity among people for centuries. See more on page 6.

Introduce Augmented Reality into your life on page 16

Take your first steps to understand a new culture on page 5












Enjoy delicious recipes. p.12


What to watch tonight? p.4

STUDENTS TEAM Editor & Designer Marcelo Pedrazzi

Inside this issue Our planet needs care. See what we can do to minimize environmental impacts.

Editor Sheryl Nasir



Editor Assistant Chandani Kulathilaka


Cinema in Focus








Poetic Space

Sensitize and awaken your feelings in two styles.



The World in your Kitchen travels to Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Brazil.



Advice for pregnant women. Caring for your health and your baby.


Bedtime Stories



JOURNALISTS Ali Alborzi Anosh Raza Eusebia Darby Gohar Raza Karzan Muhamed Laila Mohibi Mohammed Ali Khorshedi Natalia Kocon Noumou Diallo Rasool Rasool Seba Taghlubi Tayebe Bahamari Zardasht Omar Kaleidoscope is a periodic magazine which has as its main purpose to compile the most relevant articles produced by students during the ESOL Course Level 2. Kaleidoscope is the result of the interaction between a high level course and the individual talent of each student which attests that education is the best path to social inclusion. Regards, Marcelo Pedrazzi

16 Augmented Reality 17

Magazine Team

Do you want to enjoy good a time? Follow our film reviews. Planning to move abroad? Tips to make your adaptation easier. Beliefs that have accompanied mankind since ancient times and strengthen the cultural roots of a nation. SRC Principal, Phil Cook, grants an exclusive interview to our magazine.

There is nothing better than a good story before bedtime. Enjoy and reflect with Nasruddin’s adventures. Instructions to augment your reality. A new way to watch the world.

Know our group.


Environment Trigger Image

DROUGHTS “ Climate changes have affected the landscape of the planet “

Drought is an extended period of months or years when a region has a deficiency in its water supply. It occurs when a region receives consistently below average precipitation.



Generally, rainfall is related to the amount and dew point (determined by air temperature) of water vapour carried by regional atmosphere, combined with the upward forcing of the air mass containing that water vapour. If these combined factors do not support precipitation volumes sufficient to reach the surface, the result is a drought. Human activity can directly trigger exacerbating factors such as over farming, excessive irrigation, deforestation, and erosion adversely impact the ability of the land to capture and

Periods of droughts can have significant environmental, agricultural, health, economic and social consequences. For example, subsistence farmers are more likely to migrate during drought because they do not have alternative food sources and the famine comes.

When hunger bites every crumb counts

Strategies for drought protection, mitigation or relief Dams: reservoirs to supply additional water in times of drought. Cloud seeding: an artificial technique to induce rainfall. Desalination of sea water: for irrigation or consumption. Drought monitoring: observation of rainfall levels and comparisons with current usage levels can help prevent man-made drought. Land use: carefully planned crop rotation can help to minimize erosion and allow farmers to plant less water-dependent crops in drier years. Outdoor water-use restriction: regulating the use of sprinklers, hoses or buckets on outdoor plants, filling pools, and other water-intensive home maintenance tasks. Rainwater harvesting: collection and storage of rainwater from roofs or other suitable catchments. Recycled water: former waste water (sewage) that has been treated and purified for reuse. Transvasement: building canals or redirecting rivers as massive attempts at irrigation in drought-prone areas.

Environment The planet degradation is an issue that concerns most people in the world. But what can we do? Watch these videos below and understand about the environmental impacts and how they have affected us. To watch the videos, you must follow the instructions on page 16


ra atu


st isa




Environmental Pollution TR











Cinema in Focus Cinema in Focus projects you into the two remarkable films “The Last Samurai” and “Scarface”. These reviews were written by the students Chandani Kulathilaka and Mohammed Ali Khorshedi. Enjoy!

he Last Samurai, which was released in the year 2003, is by far one of my favourite films ever. The film involves two big countries, the USA and Japan. Firstly, one of the world's greatest actors, Tom Cruise, is in the film and it is a brilliant mixture of action, romance and sadness. I have always been a massive fan of anything historical, and watching this film I enjoyed it all the way through and not only that, I have gained a lot of knowledge about the history of Japan. The film was nominated for a number of awards including four Academy Awards, three Golden Globes and two National Board of review awards. Tom Cruise who was initially supporting America, towards the end of the films changed his mind and took Japan's side after finding out the truth between the two countries. This tells us that we should always think twice before making any decisions. I would highly recommend this particular film to people of all age groups. You will be surprised how much you can learn in two and a half hours. f you wish to see a mesmerising performance, you should watch Scarface. It is one of the most sensational films you are ever going to see. I would like to recommend this movie as you will surely understand that gangsters and criminals are the losers at the end of story. I personally prefer movies which are realistic and true to life rather than emotional and unreliable. I always want to watch a film which means something to me. One of the main character's names is Tony Montana. He is really capable of what he is doing on his missions. He aims to become a wealthy man first then get power. He has a friend called Manny. They arrive in United States together and they are successful while they are collaborating. They manage to compete against more powerful gangs and gain a reputation. Soon Tony meets kingpin Frank Lopez who is a drug dealer and has a beautiful partner. Tony feels for her and gets hitched with her after he kills Frank Lopez. Tony believes his dreams have come true. He's got money, power and a wife. However, as you can imagine, it all turns sour. In recommending this film I am aware that it is not appropriate for all ages. There is a lot of violence and bad language is used throughout. However, it is a powerful and affecting film that will live long in the memory.



What happen when you move to another country to live a new life? Share this experience with Eusebia Darby in

Understanding a New Culture lanning to get away from your home country? Well from the moment you step out from the aeroplane, you will find a big difference from where you came from. Britain is a nice popular country with lots of influential people from the Queen to the Politicians. You will see a lot of wide green fields with beautiful scenery of healthy trees. Apart from that there are also many tall buildings in the towns and cities. Great Britain has an abundance of everything. What about food? British people have a variety of different food but they don't taste the same as you normally would eat in y o u r o w n c o u n t r y. However, after you have been here for a while you will soon adapt to the change and become more used to it. It's somehow difficult for the foreigner to just switch from their taste to another but it's not impossible. Britain has clean running water everywhere and good facilities compared to some poor countries. Britain is a wealthy country with no so called extreme poverty because everybody has plenty to eat. Weather-wise it is not so pleasant because it's always cold but it's not all that bad. For example in the summer they have very long days and short nights, which is good. The sun in the summer doesn't set until about ten o'clock and the sun rises again at 3 to 4 o'clock in the morning. Amazing isn't it? It is important to learn and understand the language in Britain because if you haven't got the ability to speak fluently then how can you

understand what people say to you? Learning the language is very important because it's not only that you are broadening your knowledge about English, also you get to know people's culture better and understand them properly. If you are shy or unsure about your speaking, then it's best to find yourself a good tutor, by going to college and learn from the experts by studying there. I have many experiences working in different places around the world, some good and some bad. When I first started working here in England, I found it difficult to communicate at first because of my limited English, but I soon established a work routine and was able to make a strong contribution on the production line. But, a word of warning! Be careful if your work rate is better than those close to you, you will find that the lazy ones will gang up on you, to make your life difficult and sometimes unbearable. Some of the fashionable items are very expensive, but if you shop around you can buy more or less the same goods but much cheaper. For example, charity shops and many other outlets offer you a choice of quality goods at an affordable price. Car-boot Sales also occur regularly everywhere but more often in the summer. Here you can choose a bargain from a vast array of second hand items. On very hot summer days it' so refreshing to hear the chimes of the ice cream van, but please be careful, teach your children to look both ways for traffic to buy an ice cream. Be brave, commit yourself to this new life and I'm sure you will be successful if you treat others as you would like them to treat you.



“Kawa the Blacksmith is an Iranian mith who leads a popular uprising against a ruthless foreign ruler.�

Students celebrating Newroz

It is a tradition to jump across a fire

The History of Newroz

by Karzan Muhamed

Every year on March 21st, the Kurdish people celebrate Newroz. In the Kurdish language Newroz means "New Day" by which Kurds mean the first day of the spring. The Kurdish calendar begins on this day. Newroz is the new day, the first day of the New Year. The Kurdish nation has been celebrating Newroz since the time of ancient history. It is claimed that this tradition dates back to the myth of Kawa, the blacksmith. On March 21st in the year, Kawa killed the Dehak and liberated the Kurds and any other people in the Middle East. Dehak was an evil king who represented cruelty abuse and enslavement of people. People used to pray every day for God to help them to get rid of Dehak. On Newroz day, Kawa led a popular uprising and surrounded

Dehak's Palace, Kawa then quickly passed the king's guards with a lot of people with lot's anger grabbed the king by the neck, Kawa then beat the king with a big fat hammer and dragged him off his throne. Kawa set the people free throughout the land. A huge fire was lit on the mountain tops to send messages firstly to thank God for helping them to defeat the king, secondly, to tell the people that they were free. This is where the tradition of the Newroz fire originates. Newroz is not just a day of remembering it also a day of protesting, for example, against the Iraqi government for nearly a century under who we are still suffering. The Kurdish situation today is similar to the situation of King Dehak, Kurds in Iran, Turkey, Syria and Iraq are still suffering as the Kurds did in the past. The people in Kurdistan must be free the same as other countries.



What is a Yalda Night? by Tayebe Tahamari

Poems of Hafiz All the Hemispheres Leave the familiar for a while. Let your senses and bodies stretch out Like a welcomed season Onto the meadow and shores and hills. Open up to the Roof. Make a new watermark on your excitement And love. Like a blooming night flower, Bestow your vital fragrance of happiness And giving Upon our intimate assembly. Change rooms in your mind for a day. All the hemispheres in existence Lie beside an equator In your heart. Greet Yourself In your thousand other forms As you mount the hidden tide and travel Back home. All the hemispheres in heaven Are sitting around a fire Chatting While stitching themselves together Into the Great Circle inside of You.

alda Night is a traditional Iranian celebration of the longest night of the year and this celebration is celebrated on or around December 20th or 21st each year. Yalda, which means birth, is a Syriac word important to the Persian language. Yalda has a history as long as the religion of Mithraists. The Mithraists believe that Mithra, the Persian God of light and truth, was born to a virgin mother in the morning of the longest night of the year. Yalda is one of many Persian festivals that remained alive after Islam entered Iran about 1,400 years ago, but its nature became more and more symbolic in a cultural resistance against the dictatorship and there are many poems and songs referring to it. On Yalda night, Iranians celebrate the arrival of winter, the renewal of the sun and the victory of light over darkness. Iranian families and friends gather and make a beautiful table with pomegranates, watermelons, pastry, nuts and fruits. They sit together and read poems of Hafiz (classic old poems from Iran) and stay awake after midnight, dance, sing, eat and drink. Iranians believe those who begin winter by eating summer fruits will not fall ill during the cold season. Therefore, eating watermelons is one of the most important traditions on this night.



Rasool: Welcome to our interview Phil Cook. Phil: Thank you very much. Sheryl: Phil, are you from the local area? P: I was born about thirty miles away in a town called Sunderland, so I am not from the Tees Valley but I am from the north east. R&S: Welcome to Riverside College – we have been a student in Riverside for quite some time. It is nice to have you here.


Interview with SRC Principal, Phil Cook.


Hello! We are Rasool and Sheryl. We are students from ESOL Course Level 2. As a part of our magazine today we are interviewing our new Principal, Phil Cook.

get noticed. Whereas Caitlyn always wants to be first, so Caitlyn has to be first because Caitlyn is very much focussed and driven. Whereas Jack is much more relaxed and chilled and in many ways, I guess, easy, so Jack is very comfortable. Caitlyn can be extremely demanding but that's wonderful and that's fantastic.

FREE TIME S: As a principal you are busy with your job. What do you like to do in your free time? P: I love spending time with my kids and now, because they are of a certain age, I enjoy taking them to places because when I take them to places, to meet their friends and so on, they can't get out of the car so as teenagers they have to talk to me, which is fabulous. I enjoy gardening and I enjoy sport but I don't do as much sport now because of the demands of my job. R: What is your favourite sport? P: Oh, I love all sports – football, running, boxing; I just love all sport. But my son, I spend a lot of time with my son now who does a lot of cycling – racing. So on Sunday I spend the whole day at an event with my son and my daughter

plays netball. So sport forms a big part of the life with my kids but probably not a big enough part of my life really. I should probably do some more in order to get fit. S: What is your favourite food? P: I like very traditional - meat and two veg. But I also love trying foreign food, so at my last college we used to have a big event every year where all of our ESOL students would bring in their national dish. S: Yes, we have that here. P: You have that here? So have you done it yet this year? S: No, I think by the end of June when we finish our classes. P: It's my favourite day in the year because I love trying different foods. But I eat most foods.

R: Do you have any children? P: Yes, I have two children. R: What ages are they? P: Jack, my son is 15 and Caitlyn is 13, my daughter. And what's amazing is that they are so different. R: Yes, we heard about that. P: Really, where did you hear about that? R: When you just came on your first day and you were interviewing the staff. They were really happy with you because you brought the staff into a relaxing mood. P: I love my children very much and I do talk about them a lot. Jack always wants to be fifth in the class, because fifth is high enough so dad's not on his case but low enough so he doesn't

show very little tolerance in that. S: Have you always wanted to become a principal of a college? P: No, I never ever wanted to become a principal of a college. I kind of fell into teaching and at my last college really I got bored. I was deputy principal at my last college. We had lots of very, very good results.


R: Can I ask where was your last college? P: Barnsley. Have you been there? R: I have just been there for a placing. I lived there for a month. It's a nice place. P: I think I did what I said I would do and once I had done that I didn't know what else to do, so thought well perhaps it's time to move on. So I looked around for other jobs and this job came up and I thought this seems a lot of fun, so I'll do this job.

R: How do you feel about this college compared to your previous college? P: I think this college has many special people. I think that many of our learners have a fantastic experience. I want to make sure all of our learners have a fantastic experience. So I am driven to improve the student experience and I

R: Is it nearer? P: It is nearer, but it's more about the challenges and it's more about meeting new people and having new challenges, but no, I've never desperately wanted to be a principal – I really don't care about my job title.

COMMUNITY S: How important to do you think the college is for the local community? P: I think colleges are critical for the local community. I think colleges should be the hub of a local community and that we should base everything that we do on the local demands and needs of the community. However, what's interesting is how you define “local” and how you define “community”. For me there is no such thing as a “community” there are “communities”. So one of the big things myself and governors are thinking about at the moment is exactly that, what do we mean by “local”. Do we mean Stockton, or do we mean the Tees Valley, or do we mean the North East? I don't have an answer for that; I'm cool with that I will have an answer but not at the moment. In terms of community and communities, what do we mean by that? And who are the communities and how do we find out what the communities need, and what we should be doing for the communities. And when we find that out how do we decide which things we do and which things we don't, because we can't do everything. But there is a whole strategic discussion currently going on about that very question. R: How do you see the future of ESOL in SRC? P: In what way? R: Do you think it should go on or do you think it should stop? P: Why would I seek to stop it? I think ESOL courses bring a wealth of different cultures into the college; a wealth of different experiences into the college, different religions, different values. I can think of no reason why I would want to stop that. Funding is important and there will increasingly be challenges around funding. But as long as we can fill our courses I can think of absolutely no reason at all why I would seek to stop ESOL. I think it's great. I think it's groovy. Where are you from? R: I’m from Northern Iraq – Kurdistan. S: I'm from Pakistan. P: Is it not incredible that we are sat in the same room? R: Yes, we are all sitting here together and we have people all over the world. We are not just learning the English, we are learning the cultures. P: I think it is wonderful, I think it's amazing.

SRC FUTURE R: What position did you have before becoming principal? P: Deputy Principal. R: Where do you want to see SRC in the next five years? What do you see as the future of Stockton Riverside College? P: Whoa! You're kind of slipping these tough ones in, aren't you? So you ask a

really easy one like “what was your last job?” – Deputy Principal - so I become confident and then you slip in… OK, at the moment we are writing our strategic plan for the next three to five years and we are making decisions about what we are going to do and how we are going to do it, at a strategic level – so I don't know the answer to the question. I am trying to answer that through that strategic planning process. However, I do know some things that will be core. So, I know that we need exceptional teachers; I know that we need to become increasingly demand led. So it's not about what we do, it's about what people want. I know we have to listen to students because that makes life so much easier. Because when students tell us what they want and you deliver what they want, then why wouldn't they be happy? They would. I know we need to engage more with employers and businesses and we need to create better transition from school into college. I know we need to deliver amazing customer service, and whatever we decide we're going to focus on, which I don't know yet, the things I've outlined will be critical whatever we decide to do. But ultimately a college is about learning and if you enable everyone to learn everything else just looks after itself. So the big priority is learning.

STUDENTS ADVICE R: What advice can you give to the student to achieve success? P: There is something underneath what you said there that I understand what success looks like. I'm not sure I do. I know what success looks like for me but that probably isn't what success looks like for you. We all define success in a different way. And that's one of the interesting things about culture as well, isn't it? So as a white British workingclass male my definition of success is very different even from my white British middle-class wife. So what I see as success and what she sees as success is different. What I do know is that often people stop just before they achieve success, so challenges are really hard and often people stop just before they are going to achieve. There is an old adage that “I will do today what others will not; and tomorrow I will be doing things that others cannot.” And I try and live that. So when I get tired, I feel frustrated, I feel angry, I'm bored, I always try and do just that little bit more, because at that point other people stop. And I always feel that if I do just that little bit more, I think success will come. But it depends on how you define success. I'm really talking about success in terms of qualifications and work. Success in life is completely different – potentially.

STUDENTS CHALLENGES S: So how do you attract students in different circumstances, before success they get tired and frustrated? How do you deal with it all? P: It is a massive challenge. It's about the relationship with the teacher or their tutor or the support mechanisms. So we should spot that point at which point we should try to intervene and provide help, support, guidance, whatever it is we should be good enough to say “Oh, look”, should be good enough to say this is not just students its work colleagues as well. “It's starting to falter” and it is at that point that we really need to intervene and have the support services in place that are designed to help. Now ultimately it is the student's responsibility but we should do everything in our power to enable them because what we as a college does is change people's lives so when someone rings us and says I want to do a course, that's not what they are really saying. What they are really saying is I want to change my life. But they don't articulate it like that. So therefore who am I or we, as individual members of staff, to stop them from wanting to change their lives? I mean, why would we wish to do that? So I think that when anyone rings up, or walks in the door, and says “I want to do a course” what you should really do is transfer that to say they want to change their lives, it becomes a really powerful motivation. I mean we are really privileged, I am really privileged. I don't care about my title, I just care about what I can make happen, and my job title just makes it easier. Obviously, I get paid a bit more also, which is helpful. But we change people's lives and that is the most incredible feeling in the world.

CAREER R: Can I ask you about your future? Are you going to stay as a principal or do you have a plan go higher? P: No, I don't know. (laughs) I assure you, I don't know. I really have no idea. I'm really happy doing what I am doing. I think we've got some fantastic challenges and opportunities here as a college, but I don't know. My job is very pressurised so the Board of Governors expect me to deliver so if I don't deliver, we probably won't be having this conversation anyway. But if it's left to me I just don't know. All I can see is the next two years and that's about working with staff and students and it's to make the college better, that's all I can see. R: That's all the questions we have. P: Is that OK guys? R&S: Thank you for your time. It was a pleasure to meet you. P: It was a pleasure to meet you guys.


Poetic Space

俳句 History and Structure of Haiku Poems


Haiku started out as a popular activity during the 9th to 12th centuries in Japan called “tanka”. A haiku poem consists of three lines, with the first and last line having 5 syllables, and the middle line having 7 (5-7-5). The haiku is the art of saying the most with the least. Each haiku captures a moment of experience, a moment in which the mere suddenly reveals its inner nature and makes us look again. Its lines express emotions, images, comparisons, suggestions, sighs, desires, dreams... with an untranslatable charm. by Marcelo Pedrazzi

The ages sculpt time The artist forges every life Divine affection

A star tears the sky My heart pumps with desire But you do not come

Dark blue in the sky A reflected mystery Into the deep lake

Poetic Space


Successful Life by Chandani Kulathilaka

When I am looking at the horizon, My father's words ripple in my mind. "Learning helps me become creative, Creativity helps me become inventive, Thinking helps me gain knowledge, Knowledge makes me feel privileged.� These give me strength to believe in myself and be more confident. When I think positively, Sounds become music, Movements become dance, Smiles become laughter, Thoughts become meditation, Life becomes a celebration!



The World in your Kitchen brings the flavour of Sri Lanka





Brazilian Flan

Kiri means “milk” Bath means “rice”

Delicious, health and easy to make

Tastes totally authentic! Amazing!

Preparation time Approximately 45 minutes

Preparation time Approximately 10 minutes

Preparation time Approximately 1 hour

Ingredients 3 cups of white rice (basmati rice) 1 can cream of coconut Salt to taste

Ingredients 4 tablespoons bulgur wheat 100ml (4 fl oz) boiling water 1 large bunch parsley, chopped 1 small bunch mint, chopped 5 tomatoes, diced 1 onion, finely diced 1 dessertspoon extra virgin olive oil 1 lemon, juiced salt to taste

Ingredients 1 cup white sugar 4 eggs, separated 1 (14 ounce) can sweetened condensed milk 3/4 cup milk, plus 2 tablespoons milk

Method 1. Clean and wash the rice. 2. Put the rice in a pan, stick in your index finger on surface of rice and fill water up to slightly above the 2nd joint of the index finger. 3. Cover and cook the rice on a low heat. 4. When the rice is almost done, mix the salt with the coconut milk and add to the rice. Stir and cook for a few more minutes. 5. Serve the hot rice on a platter and use a flat spoon or spatula. Cut it into squares and serve. 6. If you would like to sweet tasting Kiribath, it can be made with cashew nuts and honey. Kiribath is an essential dish for any auspicious moment. It is very commonly served for breakfast on the first day of each month and is a very important aspect for the Sinhalese in celebrating the Sinhalese New Year. Kiribath is cooked and served as the first meal after the dawn of the new year.

Method 1. Rinse bulghur several times, then mix with 2 cup cold water and let stand 2 hours to soften. 2. Press out excess moisture in strainer. 3. Wash parsley, drain and pat dry with paper towels, remove stems and discard, finely chop leaves. 4. Mix parsley with bulghur in a large bowl, add chick peas, green onions, tomato and fresh mint. 5. Combine oil, lemon juice and salt, pour over tabbouleh and mix thoroughly. 6. Chill well before serving 7. Spoon tabbouleh into small bowls lined with lettuce leaves. Serve with pita bread. Do you have any suggestions? Send an email to

Method 1. Preheat an oven to 350 degrees. 2. Melt the sugar in a heavy saucepan over low heat, stirring constantly. Once the sugar becomes a golden brown, pour it immediately into a round baking dish, swirling so that the syrup coats all sides of the dish. Set aside to cool. 3. Place the egg yolks into a blender and blend on medium for 5 minutes, then add condensed milk, 3/4 cup plus 2 tablespoons milk, and egg whites. Continue to blend until all ingredients are combined. Pour egg mixture into the baking dish and cover with aluminum foil. Line a roasting pan with a damp kitchen towel. Place baking dish on towel, inside roasting pan, and place roasting pan on oven rack. Fill roasting pan with boiling water to reach halfway up the sides of the baking dish. 4. Bake in the preheated oven until a knife inserted 1 inch from the edge comes out clean, 45 to 50 minutes. The centre of the flan will still be soft. Allow flan to cool before unmolding onto a plate. Refrigerate before serving.



Advice for

PREGNANT WOMEN by Noumou Diallo

Becoming a mother is one of the most exciting moments in woman's life. However, there are some important issues that we should consider.


F L U VA C C I N AT I O N S Getting vaccinated against flu is the best way to protect yourself and your baby from the virus, and make sure you stay safe all winter. If you're pregnant the flu jab is quick, safe and completely free just asks your midwife or GP and make an appointment. You can also protect your baby for the first few months after birth.


YOUR NUTRITION Your baby can tell when mum eats well


BABY’S NUTRITION Why breastfeeding is better for you and your baby Feeding your baby with breast milk can make a big difference to your baby's and your own health. Mum's milk is perfectly and uniquely made for your baby's growing needs and giving them your milk can m a k e a b i g difference to both your baby's and your own health. It's packed full of disease-fighting antibodies to help protect babies from illness and it changes daily, weekly and monthly, to meet their growing needs.

Eating healthily while you're pregnant means that your baby eats too. We all want to eat healthily, but it can feel like a challenge, especially if time is short, money is tight, or you're just not used to cooking. When you're pregnant, eating healthily is doubly important. That's because every day your baby's brain and organs are growing and it needs lots of the right nutrients to do this. Eating healthily during pregnancy can also help your baby after it's born.

Bedtime Stories


A fable has its origin in the very remote past and transcends time and frontiers. Follow this narrative led by Rasool in



Seed here used to be an emperor in the Far East who became old so he had to choose a successor, but what he did was completely different to what the other emperors usually did at that particular time. He didn't want to choose someone from his family or tribe. One day he called all the youths in the kingdom and gathered them and told them, "It is time for me to step down therefore I have decided to choose one of you.” The youths in the kingdom were really surprised! "But there is something I command you to do" said the Emperor. “Today I'm going to give you very special seed that you should plant and water. In addition to that, you have to bring the plant back next year. So that I can judge the plant and the one who I chose will be the new emperor.” There was a boy among them named Yusuf who received a seed the same as the others. He went home so excited and told his mother the story. His mum helped him plant the seed. Every day, he carefully watered and looked after the seed. One week went by and nothing happened. Two weeks went by but Yusuf's seed didn't grow, so he started to worry about it. After a while, he saw the other youths were talking about their plants. They were saying "Mine grew that big," the other said, “mine's that wide" and so on. Yusuf didn't mention anything. He remained silent and felt so fragile inside himself he thought that he

had destroyed the seed. However, his mother was really supportive. She told him "You did what you have been told. Don't panic. Just be honest.” But Yusuf wanted to escape because he couldn't grow the seed. He thought the Emperor would kill him. Fortunately, his mother's encouragement made him go to Emperor's inspection. On the day of the inspection all the youths arrived at the Emperor's palace where everyone had their plant grown in a variety of sizes, except Yusuf's. The youths were mocking Yusuf and laughing. It was so embarrassing. When, the Emperor came out from the castle and inspected everyone's plant he called his bodyguard to grab Yusuf. At this time Yusuf was absolutely terrified! "Now I can announce that I have chosen Yusuf to be our new Emperor,” said the Emperor. Everybody was so shocked! "Now you are wondering why I have chosen him. I didn't want a big tree. I just tested you but you all failed except Yusuf. Last year I gave you a boiled seed and I said plant and water it, but you didn't. Instead of planting my seed, you changed it for another seed. The only one who planted my seed was Yusuf. Therefore, through his honesty, he deserves to be the new Emperor! Truthfulness leads to righteousness and righteousness leads to success. This story is a well known narrative in many countries including my country. It is a lesson for everyone to understand how important honesty is.



Nasruddin’s Stories by Ali Alborzi

Nasruddin is considered a populist philosopher and wise man, remembered for his funny stories and anecdotes. He appears in thousands of stories, sometimes witty, sometimes wise, but often, too, a fool or the butt of a joke. A Nasruddin story usually has a subtle humour and a pedagogic nature.

Nasruddin Fool

Nasruddin Wisdom

One day Nasruddin entered his favourite tea house and said: 'The moon is more useful than the sun'. An old man asked 'why?' Nasruddin replied 'We need the light more during the night than during the day.'

The Moving Friend “Nasruddin,” a friend said one day, “I’m moving to another village. Can I have your ring? That way, I will remember you every time I look at it?” “Well,” replied Nasruddin, “you might lose the ring and then forget about me. How about I don’t give you a ring in the first place - that way, every time that you look at your finger and don’t see a ring, you’ll definitely remember me.”

"When I was in the desert," said Nasruddin one day, "I caused an entire tribe of horrible and bloodthirsty Bedouins to run." "However did you do it?" "Easy. I just ran, and they ran after me." Once, when Nasruddin was visiting a Western town, he was invited to attend a fashion show. He went, and afterwards he was asked how he liked it. “It's a complete swindle!" he exclaimed indignantly. "Whatever do you mean?" he was asked. "They show you the women - and then try to sell you the clothes!" A man was walking along the street when he passed another man with a lot of stubble on his face standing outside a shop. The first man asked: "How often do you shave? Twenty or thirty times a day," answered the man with the stubble. "What! You must be a freak!" exclaimed the first man. "No, I'm only a barber," replied the man with the stubble. “How old are you, Nasruddin? Someone asked, 'Three years older than my brother. 'How do you know that?' 'Reasoning. Last year I heard my brother tell someone that I was two years older than him. A year has passed. That means that I am older by one year. I shall soon be old enough to be his grandfather.’ "You don't love me any more," said Nasruddin's wife through her tears. "When you see me crying, you never ask why." "I am sorry, Darling," said Nasruddin, "BUT THAT SORT OF QUESTION HAS ALREADY COST ME AN AWFUL LOT OF MONEY.” Nasruddin sat fishing in a bucket of water. A visitor, wishing to be friendly, asked, "How many have you caught?" "YOU ARE THE NINTH," said Nasruddin.

The Baby is Crying Late one night, Nasruddin’s baby started crying. Nasruddin’s wife turned to him and said, “Husband, go take care of the baby. After all, he is not only mine—he is also half yours.” Nasruddin sleepily remarked, “You can go stop your half from crying if you want—but as for me, I will let my half continue to cry.” Which End of the World? Man: Nasruddin, when do you think the end of the world will come?” Nasruddin: “Which end of the world do you mean?” “How many ends of the world are there?” “Two?” “Explain.” “When my wife dies, that will be the first. When I die, that will be the second.” How to Become Wise Friend: “Nasruddin, how does one become wise?” Nasruddin: “Listen attentively to wise people when they speak. And when someone is listening to you, listen attentively to what you are saying!“ The Town Gossip The Town Gossip: “Nasruddin, I just saw some men delivering a huge tub of stew.” Nasruddin: “What’s it to me?” The Town Gossip: “They were taking it to your house.” Nasruddin: “What’s it to you?”



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Gulnaz, thank you for the augmented reality.



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Kaleidoscope Magazine - 2nd Edition  
Kaleidoscope Magazine - 2nd Edition  

Kaleidoscope is a periodic magazine which has as its main purpose to compile the most relevant articles produced by students during the ESOL...