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Allyn Gaestel

B.A. degree in Political Science (honors) and minor in French, 2009, Haverford College; Reporter, Haiti, Reuters (2010-2011); Stringer, Haiti, Los Angeles Times (2011); Author, Haiti, The Atlantic (2010-2011); Human Rights Blogger, Foreign Policy Association (2010-2011); Author, The International Relations and Security Network (2010), Stringer, Haiti, IRINNEWS/PLUSNEWS (2010-2011); United Nations Correspondent, MEDIAGLOBAL, New York (2009-2010); Member, Association of Health Care Journalists. This section features selected stories produced during the 2012 internship program.

The Kaiser Media Internship Program 2012

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REPRODUCED WITH PERMISSION FROM THE PHILADELPHIA INQUIRER

Links to Allyn Gaeste’s stories: June 15, 2012

World’s only cured HIV patient attends Philly conference

http://articles.philly.com/2012-06-15/news/32236424_1_hiv-patient-antiretroviral-human-immunodeficiency-virus

June 25, 2012

Struggle for dental care

http://articles.philly.com/2012-06-25/news/32394453_1_dental-care-rows-of-dental-chairs-smile-day July 18, 2012

Female doctors grapple with salary inequity http://articles.philly.com/2012-07-18/news/32714908_1_female-doctors-american-medical-women-s-association-department-chairs

July 24, 2012

Affordable Care Act will expand mental health coverage, but budget cuts a worry

http://articles.philly.com/2012-07-24/news/32805654_1_mental-health-mentally-ill-people-health-coverage July 26, 2012

Area activists join a Washington protest that seeks more action against AIDS

http://articles.philly.com/2012-07-26/news/32849225_1_hiv-and-aids-philadelphia-aids-aids-programs August 21, 2012

Loss of Pennsylvania aid worries drug-recovery homes, and their neighbors

http://articles.philly.com/2012-08-21/news/33287550_1_recovery-houses-general-assistance-food-stamps

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SPORTS

ANGRY BIRDS TEAMING UP WITH EAGLES

NOWAK IS OUT AS THE UNION’S TEAM MANAGER

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Armstrong faces doping charge The cyclist could lose his seven Tour de France titles, according to a letter from the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency. By Amy Shipley

WASHINGTON POST

The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency brought formal doping charges against former cyclist Lance Armstrong in an action that could cost him his seven Tour de France titles, according to a letter sent to Armstrong and several others Tuesday. As a result of the charges, Armstrong has been immediately banned from competition in triathlons, a sport he took up after his retirement from cycling in 2011. In the 15-page charging letter obtained by the Washington Post, US-

Phila. courts to overhaul bail rules

ADA made previously unpublicized allegations against Armstrong, alleging it collected blood samples from Armstrong in 2009 and 2010 that were “fully consistent with blood manipulation including EPO use and/or blood transfusions.” Armstrong has never tested positive. In February, the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Los Angeles ended a nearly two-year investigation into doping allegations involving Armstrong without bringing criminal charges. Armstrong’s former teammates Floyd Landis, a Lancaster See ARMSTRONG on A17

Lance Armstrong says “any fair consideration of these allegations has and will continue to vindicate me.” MARCIO JOSE SANCHEZ / Associated Press

Final class in Lawncrest

By Craig R. McCoy

Partly to mostly sunny skies through Wednesday. NBC10 forecast, B7.

INDEX

Business ………………………A18 Comics ………………………C6 Express / Lotteries …………D10 Movies ………………………C5 Nation & World ………………A6 Obituaries ……………………B5 Opinion ……………………A22 Rally …………………………D9 Television ……………………C7

INQUIRER STAFF WRITERS

Valeria Alva (right) hugs Zoe Dixon after they graduated from St. William School in Lawncrest. Theirs was the last class to graduate from the school, which the archdiocese will close. Story, B1. YONG KIM / Staff Photographer

Labor rejects convention blame They say hoteliers wrong about fault for center bookings. By Suzette Parmley

INQUIRER STAFF WRITER

With just a year left on their 10-year customer-satisfaction agreement, intended as a framework for a more conciliatory and productive working relationship between labor unions and the Pennsylvania Convention Center Authority, relations seem more strained than ever before. Labor leaders said Wednesday

that they have been taken aback by recent complaints by the city’s hoteliers that union issues — including allegations of theft, discourtesy, and inflated costs — were making booking the Convention Center more difficult and preventing large events from planning return engagements there. Some pointed charges of union workers’ misbehavior were leveled specifically by organizers of

last year’s True Value convention and outlined to The Inquirer late last week. “You’re talking to the people who took to all kinds of steps to make sure that the center functions in an effective and proper manner,” Pat Gillespie, business manager of the Philadelphia Building and Construction Trades Council, said Wednesday. “Ten See CENTER on A9

Only cured HIV patient to attend Phila. forum By Allyn Gaestel

High 79, Low 60

By Jeremy Roebuck and Jeff Gammage BELLEFONTE, Pa. — Eight smiling young faces surround Jerry Sandusky in a photo from the late 1990s shown to jurors Wednesday. In a white shirt and tie, the coach stands hunched over their adolescent frames. His arms drape over the two closest to him, enveloping them in an affectionate embrace. But by the end of the day Wednesday, four of those boys, now young men, had testified that the snapshot’s beaming grins hid reservoirs of despair. “I had sort of blocked out that part of my life,” a 27-year-old identified in court filings as Victim 7 said after outlining years of purported abuse. “The more negative things I pushed to the back of my mind — like putting something in the attic and closing the door.” The photo — seized from Sandusky’s home by state police last year — provided a road map for much of the testimony in the third day of the former Pennsylvania State University assistant football coach’s child-sex abuse trial. Prosecutors referred to it again and again as three accusers took the stand, their allegations coming at a fast clip. Each alleged Sandusky had See TRIAL on A8

INQUIRER STAFF WRITER

WEATHER

Sandusky accusers: Photo hid despair They are smiling with the coach in a snapshot shown to jurors. The defense said it suggested collusion.

Bail amounts are to be hiked, and assessment of the risk of flight will be modernized.

For the first time in nearly two decades, the Philadelphia court system has launched an overhaul of how it decides which criminal defendants to release and which to jail before trial. The new initiative is the latest effort by the state Supreme Court and top court administrators to get a grip on Philadelphia’s persistent problem of suspects ducking out of court, leaving victims and witnesses in the lurch. In 1982, Philadelphia’s became the nation’s first court system to adopt bail guidelines to make sure defendants were treated uniformly. But the guidelines were last updated in 1995, and court magistrates who set bail have routinely ignored them — and the system’s fugitive problem has mushroomed. Ronald D. Castille, the chief justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court, said Wednesday that reform was needed to modernize “a system that perhaps has not served the court system and the community well.” Castille described the overhaul as the “second phase” of a systemic reform he and fellow See BAIL on A17

$1.25 in some locations outside the metro area

INQUIRER STAFF WRITER

In the long, lethal history of the AIDS epidemic, only one human has ever conclusively beaten the disease: Timothy Brown. A gay American man in Berlin, Brown was on the brink of death from leukemia and HIV in 2006 when he was given a novel treatment that rebooted his immune system, simultaneously curing him of both diseases. Now 46, Brown has since been poked, prodded, and tested by experts around the world, and been declared healthy, albeit with lingering side effects

from his care. Since the New England Journal of Medicine published his case in 2009 as “the Berlin patient,” the soft-spoken Brown has become something of a rock star in medical circles. Researchers have been trying to build on his example, searching his case for the road map to a broader cure. Carl June, a leading University of Pennsylvania researcher, called Brown’s success “the holy grail” of HIV cure research. “It was a real tipping point,” See HIV on A8

IN FOOD

Home Sweet Jam Once you learn the technique for homemade jam, it’s hard to go back to store-bought. F1.

District union offers $20M to save jobs Friday is the deadline for a deal between the district and the blue collar workers’ union. By Kristen A. Graham INQUIRER STAFF WRITER

With the clock ticking toward either an agreement or layoffs, leaders of the Philadelphia School District’s blue collar workers’ union said Wednesday that they have offered $20 million in concessions but so far have been rebuffed. Members of 32BJ, the union that represents mechanics, bus attendants, cleaners and other workers, plan to pack City Council chambers on Thursday, pressuring officials to keep their promise to hold up the district’s funding until a deal is cut with 32BJ. Friday is the deadline set by the district and the union for reaching an agreement. Layoff notices have been issued to every member of 32BJ — nearly 2,700 workers, in all. The first layoffs, about 400, would take effect July 15. The nearly broke district had been banking on $94 million in new money from the city budget, but in recent days, it appeared that the district’s best-case scenario was $85 million — $40 million from property taxes and $45 million from a hike in the use-andoccupancy tax. But on Wednesday, it appeared that the district might get only $40 million, if that, with the use-and-occupancy See DISTRICT on A13 ADVERTISEMENT

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Thursday, June 14, 2012

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Cured HIV patient will be in Phila. HIV from A1 June said. “I’m sure over the next decade, we’re going to see major advances to find case No. 2 and even past that.” Brown will be in Philadelphia on Thursday to share his remarkable story at the Prevention and Outreach Summit at the Convention Center. The free event, sponsored by the AIDS services group Philadelphia FIGHT, will begin at 8:30 a.m. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS, has long been considered incurable. Advances such as the development of combination antiretroviral drugs in the 1990s gave hope to people living under a death sentence. Those with access to drug therapy now can think of HIV as a chronic but manageable condition, a massive victory; without treatment, AIDS can kill in one year. Brown’s story stands apart from this narrative. In an interview, he spoke slowly and methodically about his journey. He is graying and balding now. Though his short-term memory has been weakened by years of intensive care, earlier memories retain their charm. Bored with his banking job in Seattle, Brown moved to Europe in 1991. In Barcelona, he lived in a four-bedroom apartment crammed with three men from Syria, Catalonia, and Germany, and two Japanese women. “My room should have been a closet but it was rented to me as a room,” he recalled. The Catalonian had a preference for playing piano naked, which tickled the women and infuriated the Syrian. He thinks he contracted HIV in the early 1990s from a Spanish lover. Brown discovered his positive status in 1995, after following another lover to Berlin and beginning preliminary studies for a political science degree. “It was a huge shock,” he said. “At that point, HIV was a death sentence, or we thought it was.” Luckily for Brown the first protease inhibitor drugs — and the life-

Trial Continued from A1 molested them as youths in campus locker-room showers. Other state witnesses, including the father of former Penn State assistant coach Mike McQueary and a janitor in the university’s athletic facilities, recounted graphic accounts of sexual assaults allegedly seen by others. But Wednesday also brought Sandusky’s defense team its best opportunities so far in casting doubt on the stories of some of the former coach’s accusers. Sandusky’s attorney, Joseph Amendola, grilled Victim 7 about several instances of abuse mentioned Wednesday that he had never testified about before. Those included moments in which Sandusky allegedly groped the boy in a shower, tried to cuddle with him during sleepovers, and stuck his hands down the then-11-yearold’s pants and grabbed his genitals. None of those allegations appear in the original 2011 grand jury report that outlines Victim 7’s purported abuse. The man explained that he had remembered more details with the help of counselors in the month leading up to Sandusky’s trial. He maintained a relationship with Sandusky for 14 years after his abuse began, he said, because the coach offered him free tickets to Penn State football games. “You never mentioned to anyone until now that Mr. Sandusky touched your penis?” Amendola asked as part of a refrain repeated over and over. “That came up only after you hired an attorney?” Since Sandusky’s arrest last year on 52 counts of child sexual abuse, Amendola has maintained that his client’s accusers colluded in hopes of a securing a financial windfall through lawsuits after the criminal trial. The photo in which all four appeared proved that at least in their youth, they had known one another, Amendola said. But Victim 7’s lawyer, Andrew Shubin, balked at the defense’s conspiracy theory after his client testified Wednesday. “He told the truth. He

saving combination therapies — became available the next year. Soon, he managed his disease and built a life in Berlin working as a translator and market research analyst, remodeling apartments and vacationing throughout Europe with his partner. Then in 2006, he started feeling fatigue on a trip to New York for a friend’s wedding. He thought it was jet lag, but after returning to Berlin, the fatigue worsened until one day his strength while biking dwindled so much that he had to get off and walk. His doctor eventually found he had acute myeloid leukemia. Weakened by HIV, Brown could not endure the chemotherapy treatment for his leukemia. He developed pneumonia and a blood infection before abandoning the treatment. When his leukemia relapsed, his German doctor, Gero Hütter, recommended ablation, or the obliteration of the immune system, followed by an infusion of healthy stem cells, replacing the cancerous immune system with a healthy one. Hütter had heard of research on the CCR5 receptor, a protein on the surface of white blood cells. Many forms of HIV use the CCR5 receptor to gain entry into human cells. Some people with a mutation called CCR5-delta32 have proved resistant to HIV. Because Hütter wanted to give Brown a bone-marrow transplant for the leukemia, he decided to try to find a marrow donor who carried the mutation. It worked. In February 2007, Brown stopped taking his HIV medicines and had his first bone-marrow transplant. Though his leukemia relapsed and he needed a second transfusion, he remains free of HIV to this day. His case raises many questions. Bone-marrow transplants are very risky. The transplanted stem cells can attack the host’s body or the graft can fail, and a significant minority of patients die. Brown suffered severe complications from the transplant. He nearly died after his second procedure. He was even released from the hos-

¢ Go to philly.com for up-to-date coverage of the Sandusky trial, including video updates throughout the day from the courthouse. ¢ Go to www.philly.com/Sandusky for complete coverage of the charges and the case. confronted Jerry after all these years,” Shubin said. “He spoke about things that took a very, very long time to process.” Still, Amendola continued to press the collusion claim in cross examinations throughout the day. Questioning Victim 10 — a 25-year-old man who said Sandusky had performed oral sex on him on several occasions and often asked for sexual attention in return — the lawyer seized upon the man’s failure to come forward until after Sandusky’s initial arrest. Victim 10 is one of two accusers prosecutors added to the Sandusky case a month after bringing their initial charges. He told jurors his abuse began with a wrestling match in Sandusky’s basement and culminated in a threat the former coach made months later when, as a 12-year-old, the alleged victim refused him oral sex. “He told me that if I told anybody, I’d never see my family again,” the man said. “Later, he apologized and said he didn’t mean it. He told me he loved me.” But with other witnesses — such as the 23-year-old known as Victim 5 — Amendola hardly pressed at all. The man acknowledged he was one of the boys in the prosecution photo and that he knew several others pictured. But though all were smiling in the snapshot, he described a cold reaction from Sandusky when he was 13 and dashed out of a shower after the coach placed the young boy’s hands on his erect penis. “I thought he was upset with me,” Victim 5 told jurors. “He didn’t talk to me afterward. No eye contact.” The defense’s collusion claims did little to explain away testimony from two others who testified Wednesday.

Timothy Brown underwent treatment in Europe that cured him of his HIV infection. He was scheduled to speak Thursday at the Prevention and Outreach Summit at the Convention Center.

pital and sent home for hospice care. “They had given up on the experiment, and I was supposed to go home and die,” Brown said. He suffered from dementia and incontinence and required nearly a year of rehabilitation to walk. “I still have physical problems,” he said. “Mentally, I feel like I’m on the road to recovery.” Brown’s treatment is not viable for most HIV patients. But it brought new attention and money to the quest for a cure. “Up until my case, people had given up on the word cure,” Brown said. “Since my case was released, a lot of scientists are working on the cure.” Scientists are making headway. Lawrence Petz, chief medical officer of the California blood bank StemCyte, has been collecting cord blood stem-cell samples that have the CCR5-delta 32 mutation. He said he has 102 samples and hopes to expand to 300 samples, so HIVpositive people in need of a stem cell transfusion can search for a match. Cord blood stem cells function like bone marrow stem cells but are easier to match.

Ron Petrosky, a Penn State janitor, recounted seeing Sandusky and a boy of about 12 coming out of a lockerroom shower one night in 2000. Moments later, a coworker who had been cleaning inside emerged shaking. “I just witnessed something that I’ll never forget for the rest of my life,” Petrosky recalled his colleague saying. “That man that just left — I saw him licking on that boy’s privates.” Prosecutors have dubbed that boy Victim 8, but his identity remains a mystery. James Calhoun, Petrosky’s coworker who allegedly witnessed the incident, now suffers from dementia and was unavailable to testify about what he saw. But Judge John M. Cleland allowed Petrosky to tell his recollections of the night despite defense objections that they amounted to hearsay. Earlier in the day, John McQueary, father of Mike McQueary, corroborated a story jurors had heard a day earlier about a 2001 incident in which his son allegedly spotted Sandusky sodomizing a 10-year-old. With only three more accusers expected to testify, prosecutors said they planned to wrap up their case by the end of this week. Jurors were released early for the day but not before watching a now-infamous interview Sandusky gave to NBC’s Bob Costas days after his November 2011 arrest. Responding to a barrage of questions in the interview in a haggard monotone, Sandusky seemed to struggle with one in particular: “Are you sexually attracted to young boys?” Sandusky repeated the question twice, seeming to mull it over, before finally answering. “Sexually attracted? No. I enjoy young people. I enjoy being around them. No, I’m not sexually attracted to young boys.” As his recorded image played on the television monitor, Sandusky sat still, a finger to his ear, his eyes pointedly turned away.

Still, the transplant is risky, so it will likely benefit only HIV-positive people with another life-threatening disease. StemCyte has recently sent stem cells to a patient in the Netherlands for a transplant. Although they have to wait a couple of months to test for HIV, Petz is optimistic that a second patient could be cured. Another approach that scientists are exploring is to genetically modify cells to have the CCR5-delta32 mutation, making them HIV-resistant. Scientists including Penn’s Carl June are working with “zinc finger nucleases” which act as molecular scissors that can snip the CCR5 receptor. When it fuses back together, the receptor is mutated, blocking access to HIV. Still other researchers are looking at ways to attack reservoirs of HIV that hide out in the body even during treatment. People with HIV have to keep taking drugs to hold the virus in check. If treatment stops, the virus emerges from its hiding places and runs rampant. Last week, researchers reported there might be inactive, broken pieces of virus in Brown’s blood. It was the first time anyone had found any trace of the virus since

LUIS FERNANDO RODRIGUEZ / Staff Photographer

his rise to fame. Some scientists questioned the findings, saying they could have been caused by contaminated samples. Brown thinks the possible remnants of HIV are not important: “I don’t have to take medication and the virus isn’t doing anything to my body.” He has a “functional cure,” which means the immune system functions normally and the virus does not replicate or require treatment. He says the jury is still out on whether he has a “sterilizing cure,” in which all traces of the virus are absent from the body. At first, Brown, who now lives in San Francisco, said he wanted to stay out of the spotlight and was just happy to be cured. But he realized he had a responsibility to do more. “I’ve been told by people who were basically suicidal that hearing my story gave people hope and made them want to stay alive,” he said. “I started thinking about the fact that I was the only one in the world cured by HIV and I needed to give back to society.” Contact Allyn Gaestel at agaestel@philly.com.

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Contact Jeremy Roebuck at 267-564-5218, jroebuck@phillynews.com, or follow on Twitter @jeremyrroebuck. Inquirer staff writer Susan Snyder contributed to this article.

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Sunday, June 24, 2012

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Struggle for dental care Treatment and a way to pay for it are difficult to find for many. By Allyn Gaestel

INQUIRER STAFF WRITER

Louis Morris was nervously massaging his jaw over and over. The hygienic scent of dentistry around him was only deepening his anxiety. The burly North Philadelphia man, 33, had not seen a dentist in 15 years. Several teeth had recently fallen out, and he had suffered three abscesses but couldn’t afford dental care even when he worked a clerical job at the Burlington Coat Factory. “Between kids, bills, taking care of my mom, who had cancer, you have to make a choice,” he said. On Saturday, his fears were confirmed. Mark Steel, a volunteer dentist from Glenside, told Morris his gum infection was so severe it had worn away his jawbone, and was advanced enough to infect other regions of his body. He also could lose all his teeth. Steel told him he needed to see a dentist and a doctor as soon as possible. The news was bad, but Morris was among the lucky ones to score an audience with a dentist Saturday at a free clinic at the University of Pennsylvania dental school. More than 500 patients entered an imposing room filled with rows of dental chairs. Another 500 or so were turned away. And hundreds more were placed on a waiting list. A team of 188 volunteer dentists and hygienists worked to fill the gaps in the region’s dental care — at least for a day. As Morris knows, dental care can be hard to find. Even commercial plans can leave families with no coverage. Adults and children on public insurance often can’t find dentists willing to treat them. And the uninsured face even worse odds in getting care. Many patients find care where they can, in sliding-fee clinics, special one-day events, and emergency rooms. Saturday’s free clinic was staffed by the Academy of General Dentistry and its foundation, which held its annual meeting at the Convention Center over the weekend. To be eligible, patients had to be older than 18 and not have seen a dentist for at least one year. Those requirements fit a vast number of residents. About 30 percent of Pennsylvanians did not visit a dentist in 2009, the latest figure available, according to a survey by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dental care is about more than pearly white smiles. Unhygienic mouths can breed infection and gum disease that can spiral into abscesses, unbearable pain, and, in extreme cases, death. Morris’ three abscesses in the last two years “hurt very much.” But strapped for cash, and without insurance, “I let them ride out,” he said. There can be many imposing obstacles to reaching a dentist’s chair. Take the Morrison family of Roxborough. Their health insurance does not cover dental care. Christine Morrison, a veterinary technician, took her children, Zachary, 10, and Alyssa, 7, to the office of Iris Lewis-Moody and Ernest Moody in Germantown on Wednesday. They were getting their first check-ups in 18 months free as part of Give Kids a Smile Day, an annual one-day event organized by the advocacy group

Sharon Figueroa of Brookeberry Farms in Hammonton shows off some freshly picked Carolina raspberries. ED HILLE / Staff Photographer

Dentist Bernie Dishler talks with Charles Hart during Saturday’s free dental clinic at Penn, which attracted more than 1,000 seeking care. CHARLES FOX / Staff Photographer Public Citizens for Children and Youth. Morrison, a self-declared “toothnazi” at home, noted that the children’s check-ups were fine, but she was disappointed not to get their teeth cleaned. “So many plans don’t offer dental, which I feel is a huge chunk missing in insurance,” she said. She said she spends $1,000 on her family of five each year just for check-ups and X-rays. Implanting a crown in Alyssa’s mouth for an earlier cavity cost more than $600. “We try to get the kids done first and then take care of ourselves,” she said. Her cost control strategy? “I try to take really good care of my teeth at home.” Insurance options can befuddle the most engaged parents. Children in Pennsylvania are eligible for health insurance regardless of family income through the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) and Medical Assistance. Both include full dental care. But children have to be uninsured for six months to be eligible for SCHIP, and then they have to sign up for the full program. The Morrisons are not eligible because the children have medical coverage, so the family must either buy private health and dental insurance together or continue paying out of pocket for dental. Many children with public insurance are not making it to the dentist. Only 52 percent of children in Medical Assistance and two-thirds of those with SCHIP went to the dentist in the last year, according to the Pennsylvania Insurance Department. Awareness is one problem. “Those that don’t have coverage don’t seem to know they can get it,” Lewis-Moody said. Fear also plays a role, said Jeffrey Cole, incoming head of the Academy of General Dentistry. “Dental disease is 100 percent preventable, so if they feel that they are afraid, they don’t want to go through difficult procedures, that’s all the more reason to go to the dentist regularly, get regular care, do oral hygiene.” Financial reasons were often cited by patients and dentists on Saturday. Steel, the dentist working on Morris, said “with this economy, we have a lot of people coming in who are very aware — who are computer savvy, even — but

are unable to afford dental care.” Hurdles to care mount as children get older. They outgrow SCHIP at 19 and Medical Assistance at 21. After that, adults who fit the complex income requirements can get Medical Assistance only if they are pregnant or have children or a long-term disability, advocates said. Lewis-Moody said she sees children until they outgrow SCHIP, and then “they stop coming.” Many then struggle to find a dentist who takes their public insurance. Lewis-Moody is one of many dentists who opt out “because the reimbursement is too small.” Only 27.5 percent of dentists accepted Medical Assistance patients in 2009, according to a report by the Pennsylvania Medical Assistance Policy Center. Dentists can charge Cigna, a commercial insurer, $59 for a comprehensive oral evaluation. DentaQuest, an administrator for Medical Assistance, pays $20. For a porcelain crown, Cigna reimburses $921; DentaQuest pays $300. Most dentists work for themselves or in small groups, Cole said. They cannot risk giving poorly compensated care, even if they want to serve needy patients. Services for adults on Medical Assistance were cut in last year’s budget. Now adults who manage to reach a dentist can basically only get their teeth cleaned and cavities filled. Crowns and procedures such as root canals and gum scrapings are no longer covered. Dentists are being forced to pull teeth instead of repair them, said Ann Bacharach, special projects coordinator for the Pennsylvania Health Law Project. “People are literally losing their teeth.” That could happen to Morris. The dentist “said I’m losing bone, that’s the reason my mouth is loose.” He is glad to know his diagnosis and have a sense of what to do, but he regrets the irreversible damage. “If I would have gone to the dentist, it wouldn’t have been such a problem.” But “I couldn’t afford it at the time.” Currently unemployed, he still can’t afford it, but with a septic gum infection, “I’ve got to find a way.” Contact Allyn Gaestel at agaestel@philly.com.

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With summer’s heat comes a gem: Fresh N.J. raspberries

Blueberries reign for many Hammonton-area farmers, but for sisters Sharon Figueroa and Elizabeth Beebe, raspberries rule. “They’re sweet, juicy, and we love them,” Figueroa, 45, says. “But it’s a lot of sweat out here.” Under Thursday’s scorching sun, Figueroa, her four boys, and six of their cousins were hand-picking the organically grown crop. At Brookeberry Farms, where drip-irrigated rows of Carolina-variety raspberry bushes fill five lush acres on Wiltseys Mill Road, it’s not even 8 a.m. and the temperature is already north of 80. “They ripen fast when it’s this hot,” says Figueroa, adroitly overseeing her all-boy brigade of pickers, who range in age from 9 to 18. “I back-pick them. I can see all the stuff they missed.” The little red gems the boys leave behind would “just melt” in this heat, she says, and that would deprive customers of local produce stands and five South Jersey farmers’ markets a chance to savor their flavor. Berrying season began a bit early this year, at the beginning of June. When it ends by mid-July, Brookeberry will have produced 200 to 300 crates — 12 half-pints each — of the best raspberries I’ve ever met. Sales of Jersey-grown organic raspberries totaled $32,000 in 2008, compared with nearly $400,000 for organic blueberries grown in the state, according to the most recent statistics of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Organic raspberries “are not a major crop, obviously,” says Lynne Richmond, spokesperson for the New Jersey Department of Agriculture. Organic and conventionally grown raspberries have a reputation for promoting health, offering levels of antioxidants in league with those of blueberries, strawberries, and blackberries. “Eating raspberries keeps you young,” Figueroa jokes. “When I eat one, it brings me right back to when I was a kid and I used to pick in the field. Every time.” The personable sisters began leasing this ground in Winslow Township’s Elm (old-timers pronounce it “El-um”) section from their dad, John Grasso, in 2008. He and his wife, Betty, live in the house on the property. Sometimes their daughters store flats of berries in the basement. Though named for Beebe’s daughter Brooke, the business honors the memory of the sisters’ beloved grandfather, also named John Gras-

so, who farmed the same acreage and died at 94 in 2007. “We used to pick raspberries with him,” recalls Beebe, who sells Brookeberry’s bounty at the farmers’ markets, including those in Collingswood and Margate. “When we decided to start the farm, it was like, ‘We used to do this, and we have enough kids [to help out]. Why not?’ ” The decision to go organic — Brookeberry is certified by the N.J. Department of Agriculture — followed, well, naturally. “All our kids are out there picking,” Beebe says. “We don’t want [chemical] spraying.” Raspberries may be delicious, but picking them is a pain, even without the temperature nearing 100. Adult men generally don’t like the work, Figueroa says. “You’ve got to go in between and underneath the bushes,” which are about four feet high. “It’s backbreaking,” she explains. “You have one knee always on the ground.” The berries aren’t as robust as their flavor. Time in the hand, or under the sun, can easily transform them into raspberry jelly. Raspberries also are prone to root rot. The fungus wiped out the entire crop during Brookeberry’s second year of operation. “We cried a lot,” Figueroa says. Fortunately, raspberries aren’t the only source of income for the sisters. Their husbands both work, and Figueroa is employed as a dental hygienist. But during berrying season, 10-hour days in the fields are not uncommon. The crew uses a golf cart to transport the flats to storage, and farming organically means weeds — which are as fast-growing as they are abundant — must be pulled by hand. Though cool weather shortened the 2011 season, this year is better. Which means more work but also more money, including for the family crew. The boys and their one female cousin, namesake Brooke, are paid $7 per flat. “I like it because I get to be around my family,” says Brandon Beebe, 16, “and I get to make some money.” He and the boys — Brooke is on her way — are more than happy to pause from picking to chant the farm’s unofficial slogan. ”There are no bad berries,” they shout. “Just bad pickers!” Contact Kevin Riordan at 856-779-3845, kriordan@phillynews.com, or follow on Twitter @inqkriordan. Read the metro columnists’ blog, “Blinq,” at www.phillynews.com/blinq.

Sharon Figueroa of Brookeberry Farms harvests organic raspberries with her sons and their cousins. www.philly.com/raspberries

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www.kff.org/mediainternships Daniel Figueroa, 13, loads freshly picked berries into the back of the farm truck at Brookeberry Farms, a family operation in Hammonton.


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CAMP BATTLES: HOW BIRDS SHAPE UP BY POSITION SPORTS

The Philadelphia Inquirer C

Tuesday, July 17, 2012 ★ 2012 Pulitzer Prize Winner ★ $1

184th Year, No. 47 8 City & Suburbs

Chesco principal’s views stir dispute

Dry there, scorching here

He has repeatedly offended special-needs students, say staffers, but the school board would not fire him.

$1.25 in some locations outside the metro area

A shift possible in drug battle It would follow a change in what’s being abused, with a new focus on prescriptions rather than, say, cocaine.

By Kathy Boccella

INQUIRER STAFF WRITER

Lisa Lightner was already annoyed that two administrators at Oxford Area High School were texting during a meeting with a special-education student and his mother when she glanced at the assistant principal’s phone. The text was from principal David Madden, sitting in front of her. It began with a gross obscenity and then called the student “this manipulator.” Lightner, a student advocate, reported it to her supervisor at the Arc of Chester County, which provides services to disabled people. They then requested all records about the student under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), and uncovered other derogatory messages from Madden about the teen specifically and special needs students in general. He called the teen a “psychopath” and worried that he could be another “Hinckley, Booth and Oswald.” He also complained that special-needs students, “the guilty people,” have more rights than “the innocent.” Madden, who did not respond to a call to his office for this article, was suspended in March. Although superintendent Raymond A. Fischer recommended that he be terminated, the school board voted, 6-3, to reinstate him July 1 with one big condition. He will no See PRINCIPAL on A4

By Damien Cave and Michael S. Schmidt

NEW YORK TIMES NEWS SERVICE

With much of the nation overcome by drought, corn stalks in Pleasant Plains, Ill., are struggling. Story, A3. Another blast of extreme heat is headed our way. Tuesday’s high is expected to be 98. SETH PERLMAN / AP

Thefts may black out Camden peace party Scavenging for metal, including copper wire, has left city parks without power, imperiling a rally to promote peace. By Claudia Vargas

INQUIRER STAFF WRITER

Stan White went out last week to scout a location for Camden’s Peace on the Street party. Following a recent spate of violence, he wanted the July 26 event to be the best ever.

What the school district community outreach specialist found was a collision of the city’s chronic problems. Robert Johnson Park’s main source of power was gone; copper wires had been cut and stolen. A refrigerator, heating equipment,

and air-conditioning unit also were gone. The bathrooms were not working. And the city, which relies mostly on state aid and various grants each year to close its $167 million budget, had no money to undo the vandalism that was reported just over a year ago. “This is a daily occurrence,” Public Works Director Pat Keating said.

Salary deficiency for female doctors Male colleagues can make dramatically more money doing the same job, women find. By Allyn Gaestel

INQUIRER STAFF WRITER

Jo Buyske recalls her salary negotiations to become chief of surgery at Penn Presbyterian Medical Center in 1998. A male colleague seeking the same position at Pennsylvania Hospital told her: “You shouldn’t even look at it for less than 325 [thousand], and they were talking 210 to me.” Then she found the paperwork for the Presbyterian chief who preceded her. “He was making $125,000 a year

more than me.” When their respective job offers came, her male colleague at Pennsylvania got $150,000 more. Buyske was furious, and also inexperienced in negotiating. It took some numbercrunching to show how she’d miss $2 million over time with the proposed salary. So, after an expert gave her a pep talk, she bluntly put the numbers to her boss. “None of this ‘I feel’ stuff.” “There was a 90-second pause,” she recalls. “We were just staring at each other.” Eventually, she says, she got a significant raise, but not enough to bring her in line with her male peers. Buyske, now associate executive director of the AmeriSee DOCTORS on A4

Keating said that while Robert Johnson Park, in the Liberty Park section, had been hit hardest, many city parks had gone dark because of metal thieves. Within the last year, Staley Park, Farnham Park, and Dudley Grange Park have been victims of copper-wire vandalism. Elsewhere in the city, whole blocks are blacked out and school See CAMDEN on A4

BUSINESS

MSNBC.com’s big changes Comcast bought out Microsoft’s stake for a reported $300 million. Visitors were redirected to NBCNews.com. A14.

WEATHER

High 98, Low 78 An excessive heat warning is in effect from 1 p.m. Tuesday until 6 a.m. Thursday. NBC forecast, B7.

INDEX

Jo Buyske in Penn Presbyterian’s operating room. She had to fight for better pay — and it’s still less than for male colleagues. ED HILLE / Staff Photographer

Business ………………A14 Comics ………………D6 Express / Lotteries ……C8 Marketplace …………C7 Movies ………………D3 Obituaries ……………B7 Opinion ………………A18 Television ……………D7

MEXICO CITY — America’s drug problem is shifting from illicit substances like cocaine to abuse of prescription painkillers, a change that is forcing policymakers to reexamine the long and expensive strategy of trying to stop illegal drugs from entering the United States. This rethinking extends beyond the United States, where policymakers are debating how to better reduce demand for painkillers. The effects would also be felt here and in Central America: With the drug wars in Mexico flaming violently, some argue that the money now used for interdiction could be better spent building up the institutions — especially courts and prosecutors’ offices — that would lead to long-term stability in Mexico and elsewhere. “The policies the United States has had for the last 41 years have become irrelevant,” said Morris Panner, a former counter-narcotics prosecutor in New York and at the U.S. Embassy in Colombia, who is now an adviser at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. “The United States was worried about shipments of cocaine and heroin for years, but whether those polSee DRUGS on A12

Syrian rebels push fighting into capital Civil war, which began in poor provinces, has swept into the seat of power. By Ben Hubbard ASSOCIATED PRESS

BEIRUT, Lebanon — Syrian rebels fired grenades at tanks and troops while government armor shelled Damascus neighborhoods Monday, sending terrified families fleeing the most sustained and widespread fighting in the capital since the start of the uprising 16 months ago. A r i n g o f Inside fierce clashes ¢ Hillary nearly encircled Clinton, visiting the heavily Israel, says it’s guarded capital “a time of as rebels seekuncertainty ing to overthrow but also of President opportunity.” A3. Bashar al-Assad pushed the civil war that has been building in Syria’s impoverished provinces closer to the seat of power. While the clashes were focused in a string of neighborhoods in the city’s southwest, for many of its four million people the violence brought scarily close to home the strife that has deeply scarred other Syrian cities. In high-end downtown cafes frequented by the business and government elite tightly bound to the Assad regime, customers watched as black smoke billowed on the horizon and the boom of government shells reverberated in the distance. See SYRIA on A8 ADVERTISEMENT

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THE PHILADELPHIA INQUIRER

B C D E F

G

H I

Tuesday, July 17, 2012

Principal’s views trigger strong dispute

Camden Continued from A1 buildings are stripped of airconditioning units. “Every piece of wire is being stolen. Every piece of metal is being stolen,” Keating said. Only Farnham Park has been relighted as part of a city effort at the start of the year in the Parkside neighborhood. The city has been working with PSE&G and local agencies, including the Camden County Municipal Utilities Authority, to replace 10 to 20 lightposts at a time. “We are making them less prone to theft,” city spokesman Robert Corrales said. “We want to make sure our city is lit up again.” Camden’s Peace on the Street, sponsored by Power 99, was supposed to be part of a three-city tour, including Philadelphia and Chester. The station’s website promotes the event as a party to “promote peace and community on the streets in and around Philly,” with live entertainment and DJs. Since Memorial Day weekend, 15 people have been killed in Camden, bringing the total for the year to 33. Seven people have been killed in July, including two teenagers: Jovan Aponte, 19, and Reynaldo Morales, 17. Whether the station is equipped to hold the event at a park stripped of electricity is unknown. Power 99 spokeswoman Loraine Ballard said Monday she had too little information to comment. The Camden school board will likely foot the bill for the event’s generators and portapotties, White said. “The city doesn’t have the money,” he said, but the school board still needs to approve the expenses. The city will provide police and public works staffing, Corrales said. The peace party also will have vendors from various nonprofit organizations handing out information on AIDS, mental health and other social agencies, White said. Around the region, metal scavenging has affected transit agencies, power utilities, residential properties, sculpture grounds, cemeteries, and abandoned buildings. The crime has become so prevalent, the FBI said last year, that it affects national security by disrupting “the

A

Robert Johnson Park’s main power source was taken along with a refrigerator, heating equipment, and an air-conditioning unit. Bathrooms were also not working. AKIRA SUWA / Staff Photographer en after a dozen scrap dealers objected to the proposed rules. The city still hopes to pass a revised ordinance this year, Corrales said. Last month, City Council approved a $9,800 contract for DLB Associates, an Eatontown, N.J.-based engineering firm, to design an electric project for Robert Johnson Park. Once the design is complete, the city will bid out the electrical work. The entire project is estimated to cost about $200,000, much of which will come from a federal grant program. The proposed cost is high because a special mechanism needs to be designed to make the power box and wires tamperproof, Keating said. Though the work will not be finished in time for the peace rally, city officials hope to have the lights back on for the start of the Centerville Simbas Pee-Wee Football League in the fall. For the last year, Simbas coach Rasheed Pollard has had to cut practice and rearrange schedules so children are not playing in the dark, he said. “I make it work … but we should have lights,” he said as he looked out on the scrappy field Friday.

PRINCIPAL from A1 longer work with special-education students, according to Fischer. The fallout has reverberated throughout the 1,000-student school that serves a small corner of southern Chester County. Last month, special education director Jenny LeSage quit rather than work for her former boss. “Why would you have an administrator in a building where you basically say we don’t want you to have anything to do with 200 kids in the building? It’s the dumbest thing I ever heard in my life,” said LeSage, adding that as principal Madden oversaw at least three IEP — the educational plans that are required for all specialneeds students — meetings a week. School board member Steve Gaspar, who wanted Madden out, said, “If he worked for me, he would have been fired long ago.” Rather than go to arbitration to get rid of Madden, the board decided to make a deal. He was saved “by the good ol’ boys’ network” that exists in the close-knit community, he said. In addition to giving up special education duties, Madden was ordered to undergo a psychological evaluation and drug test before he was allowed back, Gaspar said. The board has also talked about making him take over as athletic director.

with poor social skills but intellectually gifted, attended the high school for ninth and 10th grades, according to Connie Mohn, Arc’s director of advocacy. In January, 2010, when he was a sophomore, he had a dispute with a former girlfriend. He was charged with harassment and ordered to do community service. For 11th grade he attended a therapeutic program then returned to Oxford in September for his senior year. Then in November, he went to his new girlfriend’s class to talk to her and wouldn’t leave the hallway when the teacher told him to. He looked agitated and the teacher called the principal, who called police. He was charged with making terroristic threats and disorderly conduct and given three months’ probation, fines, and told to attend anger management classes. Madden said the student threatened “to kill her” but the student denied it, according to Mohn.

Grievances

Last February, Arc filed four grievances with the Pennsylvania Department of Education against Madden, a school nurse and a gym teacher, who they say also belittled the student in e-mails to Madden. In one e-mail, Madden called the student “the biggest accident waiting to happen” and “the inspiration for the CSI show on school killing Meetings The board was scheduled to sprees. … He’s scary.” He also wrote that the stumeet Monday night to privateChopped-off wires behind the clubhouse and concession stand ly discuss a settlement of dent was a “psychopath who are part of a problem that Camden has little money to fix. $200,000 to $250,000 with the has more rights than the kids family, according to Gaspar. he stalks or the teachers/adflow of electricity, telecom- ers. The proposed changes inThe board is to meet publicly ministrators that have to deal munications, transportation, cluded requiring that sellers Tuesday night and special ed- with him.” When LeSage noted that water supply, heating, and se- be paid by check only, holducation advocates from curity and emergency servic- ing purchased goods for a cer- Contact staff writer Claudia throughout the region are ex- the student only had one incident this year, Madden tain number of days, and re- Vargas at 856-779-3917, or es.” pected to attend. Earlier this year, in an at- quiring dealers to give the cvargas@phillynews.com or on Though Madden, who was wrote, “Same thing can be tempt to curb theft, Camden city monthly lists of items Twitter @InqCVargas. Read her hired in 2004, has support- said for Hinckley, Booth and tried to amend regulations they purchased and their blog, “Camden Flow,” at ers “all they can say is he’s Oswald … they only did it governing scrap-metal deal- source. But no action was tak- www.philly.com/camden_flow/ a good guy,” Gaspar said. once that year.” Following the problem in Though Gaspar has one child in the school and an- November, Madden e-mailed other who graduated, and is a teacher, “Special ed … the the assistant football coach guilty people have more and a new board member, rights than the innocents. he has yet to meet the prin- Amazing world we live in and equally amazing that people cipal. DOCTORS from A1 its numbers top the average, ical step in 1992 and cut her that as radical,” she says. “I “He’s not visible. Dr. are afraid of lawsuits. I say can Board of Surgery in recruiting remains a priority. hours. “I just found it incredi- see that as giving women all F i s c h e r , y o u s e e h i m bring them on.” “The o v e r a r c h i n g bly difficult to be working the choices they have to be everywhere,” he said. Philadelphia, is one of many He then writes, “If I ever female doctors who saw them- challenge,” Phillips says, “is about 60 hours a week and both women and physicians.” Fischer, the superinten- end up being a superintenTo get true equity, “women dent, said he, too, thought dent I will take it on.” selves reflected in a recent that the candidate pool for manage them and my home study in the Journal of the women clinical leaders is rela- life,” she says. “In that era, are going to have to be migrat- Madden should go but was American Medical Association. tively small and therefore that was a really big deal. No- ing to the top,” says Marcia overruled by the board. The Contact Kathy Boccella at body I knew was doing that.” Boraas, a breast surgeon at e-mails, he said, are embar- 610-313-8123 or The study observed salary quite competitive.” Gayatri Devi, president of She believes flexibility is Fox Chase Cancer Center in rassing for the district. differences for a group of 247 kboccella@phillynews.com women and 553 men, all phy- the American Medical Wom- increasing, not just because Northeast Philadelphia. Bias“It shouldn’t have hapsician researchers who had en’s Association (AMWA), more women are in medicine, es may be so ingrained that pened,” said Fischer. “Our won grants from the National notes that medicine began but because more men want leaders may not recognize goal as administrators is to The Philadelphia Inquirer with men and the promotion balance, too. them. They “are not sitting set the climate and atmo- Robert J. Hall Publisher and CEO Institutes of Health. Lisa Bellini, Penn’s vice there thinking: ‘Jane Smith sphere for all students.” Women surveyed made an requirements have been moldWilliam K. Marimow Editor average of $167,669 while men ed by their experiences. “It’s chair for education and dean doesn’t deserve to make what The atmosphere for Ox- Robert Falcone Chief Financial got $200,433 — a difference of much easier to be both a man of faculty, begins her day at Bob Smith makes,‘ ” Penn’s ford’s special-needs students Officer Michael Lorenca SVP / Human $32,764 overall. With controls and a physician than it is to 4:30 a.m. so she will have Abbuhl says. “It’s because of was at times hostile, accord- Resources for specialty, academic rank, be a woman and a physician,” time for two teenage daugh- unconscious bias.” ing to LeSage and others. Jim Gregory SVP / Operations ters at night. “The way you Pay inequity can also be hidleadership positions, publica- says Devi, a neurologist. “The name-calling and so Steve Alessi VP / Digital Sales In Pennsylvania, women balance it is by not working den. Many doctors don’t forth was really beyond being Jeffrey Berger VP / Chief Information tions and research time, women still made $12,194 less than across all jobs make 77 cents any fewer hours per week, know how their pay compares OK,” she said of her former Officer Mark Block VP / External Relations for every dollar that male col- but you work the hours that with that of colleagues. If boss. men each year. they find out, as Buyske saw, More women are in medi- leagues make, the Census fit your schedule.” She said he thought all stu- Bruce Brandfon VP / National Sales She recalled squeezing the confrontation can be dents should be treated the Anthony F. Cuffie VP / Regional Sales cine now than ever, but they found. Nationally, female phystill face myriad challenges, sicians and surgeons earn 71 pregnancy into her high-pres- awkward, and in the worst same and struggled with the Andy Harrison VP / Finance sure c a r e e r cases lead to retaliation from idea that students with disincluding pay. They struggle cents for every The Philadelphia Inquirer (USPS climb. “I pretty employers. to balance work and family man’s dollar, acabilities needed, and are re- 430000) is published daily by That’s a real threat, says quired to get, special help, Interstate General Media L.L.C., with heavy schedules and un- cording to the Bu- A recent survey much went into 801 Market St., Suite 300, predictable hours. Promo- reau of Labor Sta- showed female labor at work, Joanna Grossman, a Hofstra she said. Philadelphia, Pa. 19107. The and then took six University law professor. She tions are competitive and en- tistics. Neither re“There’s a whole process mailing address is: Box 8263, physicians or eight weeks, says the legal system puts too we have to go through. It was Philadelphia, Pa. 19101. Periodical tail yet more time for work, port accounts for depending; more much pressure on the victim a struggle to get him to follow postage is paid at Philadelphia research and networking. salary influences making an and additional mailing offices. t i m e f o r t h e “to find out that she’s being these procedures,’ she said. Women make up 48 percent as strictly as the Please address mail to specific average C-section.” paid less, risk her job, file a of medical students, but their JAMA study does, Madden’s e-mails shows his departments. That women un- lawsuit, probably just not win. frustration at not being able Main switchboard … 215-854-2000 numbers dwindle as they rise but other sources $32,000 less through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 1 dergo residency At the end, that’s a losing bat- to remove the student from Monday up the ranks of academic document large pay than men. training while the tle if that’s the way we’re fixing the building even though he p.m. medicine. Nationally, women differences bebiological clock pay discrimination.” make up 35 percent of medi- tween men and considered him dangerous. Postmaster: Send address changes ticks leads to many more comShe thinks that employers cal faculty overall but only 13 women's wages. The boy, who is bipolar to The Philadelphia Inquirer, 801 Market St., Box 8263, Philadelphia percent of department chairs Buyske called the new plications. Buyske was proud should verify that their em19107. and deans, according to the JAMA study “awesome” in of a policy created under her ployees are equitably paid. The Inquirer uses as Association of American Med- that it highlights that the watch, allowing up to one year None of the women inter- Clearing the Record much recycled paper as ical Colleges. wage discrepancy cannot be off during notoriously hard sur- viewed considered lawsuits. is available at competitive prices. We Indeed, many note how far At Penn, five women — explained away by women’s gery residencies. Production information for now print 40 percent of Residency hours have fall- women have come. about 18 percent — are slated choices in specialty, location the play After the End was our newspapers on “When I started,” said Fox omitted from a review Mon- recycled paper. This newspaper is to be department chairs, out or work hours. “Until this en dramatically since today’s of 28. paper, it was really just so leaders were trained. Buyske Chase’s Boraas, “they had the day. The show is presented itself recyclable. The Philadelphia College of soft,” she says. “Every wage recalls “black and gray nurses’ locker room and the by GDP Productions at the 23-N Osteopathic Medicine em- discrepancy had an explana- weeks,” which had 145 and doctors’ room, and the scrub A&E Studio, 1233 Vine St., 125 working hours. In 2003, pants were in the doctors’ through Sunday. Tickets: $13 The Inquirer and Daily News are ploys five female department tion. They could defend it.” chairs out of 20, while four of Stephanie Abbuhl, vice those hours were restricted locker room and the dresses t o $15. I n f o r m a t i o n : now both available in a replica Digital Version. Visit 21 chairs listed on Drexel's chair of Emergency Medicine so residents cannot work were in the nurses’ locker gdpproductions.com. http://www.philly.com site are women. There are at Penn and head of its Focus more than 80 hours a week. room, so we worked out of The Inquirer is a member of the three women out of 28 chairs program to advance women And last year more restric- the nurse’ locker room, and The Inquirer wants its news Associated Press, which is entitled at Jefferson. Temple has one in health, says even those tions were put on first-year wore scrub dresses.” report to be fair and correct in to exclusive use for republication Boraas considers herself an every respect, and regrets when woman among 24 chairs. who make it to leadership of- residents, cutting maximum of local news in this newspaper. early trailblazer. But close to it is not. If you have a question Several representatives say ten lighten their load briefly shifts from 30 hours to 16. Information and phone numbers: they want to do more. Temple by cutting hours or researchStill, AMWA’s Devi says she retirement, she says that pay or comment about news For subscription rates, information dean Larry Kaiser last year ing less. And then they often advises female students wor- discrimination will be the coverage, contact assistant on whom to call about delivery problems, phone numbers for recruited Susan E. Wiegers hide those choices. ried about residency to next generation’s fight. managing editor David Sullivan Advertising and News from Penn to improve its After her first two sons “embrace technology and ex(215-854-2357) at The Inquirer, departments, as well as other record. Susan Phillips, Penn’s w e r e b o r n i n q u i c k pand their options” by freez- Contact Allyn Gaestel at Box 8263, Philadelphia 19101, or phone numbers and information, see listings on Page B2. chief of staff, says that while succession, Abbuhl took a rad- ing their eggs. “I don’t see agaestel@philly.com. e-mail dsullivan@phillynews.com.

Female doctors often paid far less

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Coverage coming for mentally ill

Putting astronauts to sleep

M

entally ill people will have a much easier time accessing care two years from now, thanks to the new federal health care law. But advocates worry that current budget cuts may create a shortage of the very mental health services the newly insured will want to use. In 2008, 67,560 uninsured people in Pennsylvania did not get mental health care because they could not afford the services, according to the Pennsylvania Insurance Department. That number should drop dramatically by 2014, when the Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires all American citizens to have health coverage that will include mental health services. That is great news both for the health of those patients and for the public pocketbook, advocates say. “To not treat mental illness can really cost you,” said Joseph Rogers, chief advocacy officer at the Mental Health Association of Southeastern Pennsylvania. He said mentally ill people end up in emergency rooms, homeless centers, and prisons when they cannot access treatment. But there have been cuts to mental health services in recent state budgets. The 2012-13 Pennsylvania budget had a 10 percent cut to seven programs. “The current administration is undermining the work people have been building for over 40 years,” said Alyssa Goodin, associate director of the Philadelphia Alliance, a society of mental health providers. She worries that budget cuts will reduce staff and programs at clinics that will soon be inundated with newly eligible patients. Already it can be difficult to get mental help when patients need it. Children have to wait an average of 37 days to start treatment, according to a survey of mental health agencies in Philadelphia compiled by Public Citizens for Children and Youth, an advocacy organization. Under the ACA, insurance companies will no longer be able to deny people coverage for preexisting conditions, or place lifetime limits on the amount of care they’ll pay for — both serious current financial constraints for patients trying to manage lifelong mental health disorders. The federal government gave states leeway about what mental health coverage will look like, and advocates are now lobbying to make sure insurance plans cover the full range of mental health services. — Allyn Gaestel

A Philadelphia scientist advises NASA on lights that will promote proper rest in the stressful conditions of space. By Tom Avril

A

George C. Brainard, with an antique lightbulb. He’s guiding the installation of adjustable, high-tech LEDs on the International Space Station.

I NQU I R ER STA F F W R I T ER

new sunrise takes place every 90 minutes. Docking maneuvers sometimes occur at odd hours. Then there’s that feeling of apparent weightlessness. No wonder astronauts aboard the International Space Station can have a hard time getting a good night’s sleep. Now, a neuroscientist at Thomas Jefferson University is among those working on a solution: light. George C. Brainard is advising Visit Astronaut NASA as it prepares to replace Mike Fincke on the aging fluorescent lights on the space station the station with high-tech LED and learn how fixtures. The lights, which renew lights can help ceived the agency’s go-ahead earastronauts deal with the lier this year, can be adjusted to rigors of life in space. enhance or relax an astronaut’s www.philly.com/newlights state of alertness at the appropriate time of day.

CHARLES FOX / Staff Photographer

See SLEEP on C2 NASA

The time-tested nautilus vs. man By Faye Flam

N

I NQU I R ER STA F F W R I T ER

o matter how well adapted an animal may be, it can spell evolutionary doom to have feathers or even a shell that become coveted by human beings. Take the nautilus, a creature that pulled easily through the asteroid impact that wiped out the dinosaurs. It now hangs on the brink of extinction thanks to the misfortune of having a pretty spiraling shell.

These animals come from an ancient family, the nautiloids, that go back almost all the way to the birth of complex life 600 million years ago. Nautiloid fossils have been dated as early as 500 million years ago, soon after animals started leaving fossils. British paleontologist Richard Fortey described their supreme reign in his new book Survivors, which describes so-called living fossils. For most of the last 500 See EXTINCTION on C3

Nautilus stenomphalus from the Great Barrier Reef. Its numbers are dropping drastically. PETER WARD

3 containers: A green showdown

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ot enough out there? Bet you’re thirsty. Once you choose what you want to drink, there’s another big decision: What are you going to drink it from? The container — and I’m not talking about the reusable water bottle you always carry — is a major part of your beverage footprint. (Would that be your “drinkprint?”) The good news is that companies are responding to greener consumers

and are making huge sustainability strides. Just by drinking in 2012 instead of 1982, you’re already to the good. Glass bottles, for instance, are 40 percent lighter today than they were 20 years ago, which means it takes less fuel and produces fewer emissions to transport them. Ditto plastic. A few years ago an empty half-liter water bottle weighed 22 grams. Now, it’s 8.5. (Soda bottles See DRINKPRINT on C4

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Romney hits hard on foreign policy As he heads overseas, he called for an independent probe of leaks. The Obama camp accused him of “cheap attacks.” By Thomas Beaumont and Julie Pace ASSOCIATED PRESS

RENO, Nev. — Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney on Tuesday called for an independent investigation into assertions the White House had leaked national security information for President Obama’s political gain, part of a searing speech that marked a wholesale indictment of the Democrat’s foreign policy. In a race that has so far focused almost entirely on the economy, Romney also, during a speech to the Veterans of Foreign Wars convention, critiqued Obama’s handling of Iran’s nuclear threat, the violence in Syria, and relations with Israel. In his first foreign-policy speech since emerging as the likely Republican presidential nominee, Romney accused Obama of putting politics over national security, a serious charge that went straight at a policy area where national polls show the president with the edge. The turn also was a reminder that the increasingly biting campaign, which paused over the weekend in deference to the deadly movie-theater shootings in Colorado, was on

again in earnest. “This conduct is contemptible,” Romney said of the leaks of classified information. “It betrays our national interest. It compromises our men and women in the field. And it demands a full and prompt investigation by a special prosecutor, with explanation and consequence.” Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr. has appointed two federal prosecutors to get to the bottom of the leaks. Romney suggested that wasn’t good enough. The White House has rejected calls for a special prosecutor, saying there is no need for one. Romney stopped short of accusing Obama specifically of leaking information that includes details of the mission that killed Osama bin Laden last year. He made the charge as he prepared to embark later Tuesday on a trip to Britain, Israel, and Poland and meetings with a host of foreign leaders. Obama has strongly rejected the leak accusations that, until Tuesday, had been contained to Republicans in Congress. During a news conference last month, he called the accusations “offensive” and “wrong.” White House spokesman Jay Car-

ney responded Tuesday by saying Obama “feels extremely strongly about this” and noting Holder’s appointment of the two federal prosecutors to investigate. “The president has made abundantly clear that he has no tolerance for leaks and he thinks leaks are damaging to our national security interests,” Carney said. Reflecting the campaign’s recent attention to veterans, Obama added a visit Tuesday with some of them to his fund-raising schedule in Portland, Ore. Obama slid into a blue vinyl booth with three middle-aged veterans who were among the lunchtime crowd at the Gateway Breakfast House. The conversation turned quickly to veterans’ care, including those who live in rural areas. Traveling with Obama, campaign spokesman Ben LaBolt said Romney was resorting to “cheap attacks” on the president “that lack credibility.” Romney referenced comments from Sen. Dianne Feinstein, who said Monday that the White House appeared to be behind some leaks of classified information. The California Democrat, who chairs the Senate intelligence committee, said she was convinced Obama himself did not leak secret information. It’s been a simmering Republican complaint, quelled little by Holder’s action, in response to leaks about

the bin Laden raid, as well as U.S. involvement in cyberattacks on Iran and about an al-Qaeda plot to bomb a U.S.-bound airliner. Feinstein said Tuesday she was “disturbed by these leaks.” “I regret that my remarks are being used to impugn President Obama or his commitment to protecting national security secrets,” she said in a statement. Romney has for months aggressively raked Obama’s stewardship of the economy. Polls consistently have shown voters see Romney as better able to handle it. But Romney has been unable to cut into Obama’s edge on national security issues. The administration’s counterterrorism fight against al-Qaeda and especially the killing of bin Laden has undercut the label Republicans have long attached to Democrats as soft on defense. Romney called for a total cessation of uranium enrichment in Iran, and proposed tying foreign aid to Egypt to peaceful relations between Egypt and Israel. He called for strict enforcement of sanctions against Iran and pledged to use “every means necessary to protect ourselves and the region.” But the speech was more criticism than proposition. Romney said Obama had alienated Israel and other U.S. allies such

as Poland and the Czech Republic. He derided as politically motivated Obama’s candid comment to a Russian leader that he would have more flexibility to deal with Russia after the election. Romney also suggested that politics was driving Obama’s push for defense cuts and warned that the spending reductions would weaken the military. “Strategy is not driving President Obama’s massive defense cuts,” Romney said. The automatic, across-the-board cuts of $1.2 trillion to defense and domestic programs are slated to begin Jan. 2 unless Congress comes up with a plan to avoid them. They were set in motion after a bipartisan congressional “supercommittee” failed to come up with an equivalent amount in cuts. Republicans have tried to pin the looming defense cuts on Obama, but GOP members in the House and Senate voted for the reductions last August as part of a far-reaching bill that raised the nation’s borrowing authority and implemented cuts to reduce the growing federal deficit. Obama made that point in his speech to the same group on Monday. “There are a number of Republicans in Congress who don’t want you to know that most of them voted for these cuts,” Obama said. “Now they’re trying to wriggle out of what they agreed to.”

Progress stalls in teens’ condom use

A sudden, rare melt is seen in Greenland

Nearly half of high school students say they’ve had sex. HIV rates are a big concern.

By Seth Borenstein ASSOCIATED PRESS

WASHINGTON — Nearly all of Greenland’s massive ice sheet suddenly started melting a bit this month, a freak event that surprised scientists. Even Greenland’s coldest and highest place, Summit station, showed melting. Icecore records show that last happened in 1889 and occurs about once every 150 years. Three satellites show what NASA calls unprecedented melting of the ice sheet that blankets the island, starting July 8 and lasting four days. Most of the thick ice remains. While some ice usually melts during the summer, what was unusual was that the melting happened in a flash and across a widespread area. “You literally had this wave of warm air wash over the Greenland ice sheet and melt it,” NASA ice scientist Tom Wagner said Tuesday. The ice-melt area went from 40 percent of the ice sheet to 97 percent in four days, according to NASA. Until now, the most extensive melt seen by satellites in the last three decades was about 55 percent. Wagner said researchers don’t know how much of Greenland’s ice melted, but it seems to be freezing again. “When we see melt in places that we haven’t seen before, at least in a long period of time, it makes you sit up and ask what’s happening,” NASA chief scientist Waleed Abdalati said. “It’s a big signal, the meaning of which we’re going to sort out for years to come.” About the same time, a giant iceberg broke off from the Petermann Glacier in northern Greenland. Wagner and other scientists said that because this Greenland-wide melting has happened before they can’t yet determine if this is a natural rare event or one triggered by man-made global warming. This summer in Greenland has been freakishly warm as frequent high-pressure systems have parked over the island, bringing warm, clear weather that melts ice and snow. University of Georgia climatologist Thomas Mote and others say it’s similar to the highpressure systems that have parked over the American Midwest, bringing record heat and drought.

By Lauran Neergaard ASSOCIATED PRESS

U.S. Park Police arrest AIDS activists outside the White House after their march from the International AIDS Conference. ALEX WONG / Getty Images

Area activists join AIDS protest in D.C. By Allyn Gaestel INQUIRER STAFF WRITER

Protesters from the International AIDS Conference, including 500 Philadelphians, braved raindrops and 94-degree heat to shout a passionate message outside the White House yesterday: “How many more have to die? Act up, fight back, and occupy!” Thousands of eclectically attired activists, sticky from the humid air and hoarse from chanting, marched from the Washington Convention Center to the White House with a simple message: “We can end AIDS.” The conference, a biannual gathering of scientists, policy makers, and practitioners working on HIV and AIDS, is held in a different city each year. This is the first time in more than 20 years that the conference has taken place in the United States. The last U.S.-based conference, in San Francisco, was in 1990. Activists caused a furor that year over a ban on people with HIV from entering the United States. In response, the International AIDS Society pledged not to hold the conference in any country that prohibits entry of HIV-positive people. President Obama lifted the ban in 2010. While the science of HIV/ AIDS is advancing, the global economic crisis has meant cuts to AIDS programs across the board. To symbolize their demand for commitment to AIDS funding, protesters

ended the march by tying donated dollar bills with symbolic red AIDS ribbons, along with keys, pill bottles, and underpants, to the White House gate. “For a lot of people here a dollar is a lot of money,” said Jose de Marco, of ACTUP Philadelphia, a longtime local AIDS activist group. “It’s symbolic … we want the programs fully funded.” While marching through downtown Washington, de Marco said Prevention Point, a Philadelphia AIDS service provider, had been cutting staff and services in the face of budget cuts. “When we used to talk to congresspeople and they asked, ‘How long?‘ (will funding be necessary), we would artfully change the subject,” recalled Jennifer Flynn, managing director of Health GAP, formed in 1999 by activists from Philadelphia and other cities. But with recent advances, and with increased funding, she said, “in 30 years AIDS as a pandemic could be over.” The colorful demonstration had five branches highlighting different populations touched by HIV. De Marco marched in the human rights branch, along with sex workers, injecting drug users, formerly incarcerated people, homosexuals, and homeless people. “We’re not the ‘respectable’ crowd of HIV/AIDS,” he said. Waheedah Shabazz-El, a Philadelphia-based member of the US Positive Women’s Network, marched in the

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WASHINGTON — Nearly half of high school students say they’ve had sex, yet progress has stalled in getting them to use condoms to protect against the AIDS virus, government researchers reported at the International AIDS Conference Tuesday. Today, four of every 10 new HIV infections occur in people younger than 30, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention — and the teen years, just as many youths become sexually active, are key for getting across the safe-sex message. About 60 percent of sexually active high school students say they used condoms the last time they had sex, researchers said at the conference. That’s an increase from the 46 percent who were using condoms in 1991. “This is good news,” said Kevin Fenton, director of CDC’s HIV prevention center. But, “we need to do a lot more.” Condom use reached a high of 63 percent back in 2003. The proportion of high school students who’ve had sex is 47 percent today — down a bit from 54 percent in 1991 — and they typically start at age 16, CDC said. The more partners, the more risk. Fifteen percent of high school students say they’ve had four or more partners, down from 19 percent in 1991. Fenton said many school systems don’t have strongenough sex education policies that include teaching teens about how to prevent HIV. But he cautioned that the CDC study can’t link the stalled condom use to abstinence-only policies pushed by Congress.

Increasingly, HIV is an infection of the poor, and specialists at the world’s largest AIDS meeting are making the point all week that tackling the virus globally will require broader efforts to address problems of poverty. Those include gaining better access to overall health services and fighting stigma. In hard-hit Africa, where 60 percent of infections are among women, U.S. researchers announced they will study a device women can potentially use to protect themselves when their partners won’t use condoms. Researchers will test a monthly vaginal ring that oozes an anti-AIDS drug into the surrounding tissue in hopes of blocking HIV. Also Tuesday, researchers reported more evidence that male circumcision is an important HIV-prevention tool in Africa, where it helps protect men from becoming infected by female partners. In Orange Farm, South Africa, just over half of the 52,000 men had been circumcised by last year, up from 17 percent in 2008. Circumcised men had half the rate of HIV infection as the uncircumcised, said Bertran Auvert of France’s University of Versailles, who estimated that 1,000 new infections were avoided last year as a result. In the United States, where new infections have stubbornly held at about 50,000 a year for a decade, complacency is part of the reason that progress in teen condom use has stalled, CDC’s Fenton said. “We have to generate a new sense of urgency,” he said. The CDC recommends that everyone in the United States ages 13 to 65 be tested for HIV at least once. Those at increased risk — such as people who have multiple sex partners or men who have sex with men — should be tested more frequently, at least once a year.

women’s branch, a crowd punctuated by pink and purple balloons, bras and underpants, and blue scarves, symbolizing women making waves. “We are tired of being thrown under the bus,” she said. “Women haven’t been made a priority … we’re way down the list, under men who have sex with men, but men who have sex with men have sex with women, too.” She said women are rarely screened for HIV, so many do not realize they have the virus until it is advanced. Other branches called for reform of pharmaceutical policy to make AIDS drugs more affordable and accessible and for better access to housing for people living with HIV. This march paired with the Occupy movement to call for a “Robin Hood Tax,” a small tax on Wall Street transactions to fund AIDS treatment. More than a dozen activists, including Roy Hayes of ACT-UP Philadelphia, were arrested after staging a sitin in front of the White House. Activism “is part of the very fabric of the conference,” said Val Sowell, an ACT-UP Philadelphia organizer. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton agreed. When protesters interrupted her speech at the conference, she simply asked, “What would an AIDS conference be without a little protest- Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton at the conference with Elton John and Sharon Stone (center). MICHAEL KOVAC / Getty Images ing?”

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Assange, on safe ground, rips U.S.

S. Jersey diocese sued over allegation A woman, now 43, says she was molested in the early 1980s by a priest known as an abuser.

Speaking from Ecuador’s embassy in London, the WikiLeaks founder alleged a witch-hunt.

By Barbara Boyer

INQUIRER STAFF WRITER

Lisa Shanahan says she was molested at age 10 by a priest at St. Anthony of Padua Church in Hammonton and has kept quiet about it for decades, alone in her suffering. She decided to break her silence after learning there were two victims before her. Now 43, Shanahan has sued the Camden diocese, demanding it reveal why the now-defrocked priest, Thomas Harkins, was permitted to stay in ministry even after the church hierarchy learned of his alleged abuse and, she claims, sent him for therapy. “They sacrificed me,” says Shanahan, a business executive living in North Carolina. Though the suit she filed in May is active, it appears vulnerable to dismissal as the diocese argues it was filed past the state’s statute of limitations. Also frustrating her efforts is a 2002 deal between the church and the state attorney general that was meant to end the church’s secrecy on clergy abuse but that paradoxically, critics say, is facilitating secrecy. Shanahan would be helped by legislation that would lift the statute of limitations for civil lawsuits brought by those sexually abused as children. The bill is scheduled to come up for a vote in the state Senate MonSee ABUSE on A6

By Ravi Somaiya

NEW YORK TIMES NEWS SERVICE

Wayne Walker, mother of slain Officer Moses Walker Jr., is comforted by Police Commissioner Charles H. Ramsey before Sunday’s candlelight vigil at Cecil B. Moore Avenue and Woodstock Street. RON CORTES / Staff

Family and friends stage vigil for slain officer “I want to thank God for my son,” his mother told the gathering. The police investigation continues. By Darran Simon and Jonathan Lai

INQUIRER STAFF WRITERS

More than 60 family members, friends, and fellow officers of slain Philadelphia policeman Moses Walker Jr. gathered Sunday night on the sidewalk where he was gunned down a day earlier and held a candlelight vigil, as

authorities continued to hunt for his killer. In what detectives say may have been a robbery attempt, Walker was shot and killed early Saturday as he walked to catch a bus after finishing his shift at 22d District headquarters. The reward for information leading to an arrest increased Sunday from $30,000 to $35,000. At the corner of Cecil B. Moore Avenue and Woodstock Street, Walker’s mother, Wayne Walker, stood with other mourners in a tight cluster. She cupped her hand to protect a candle flame

from the wind. Relatives around her sobbed. Through tears, she thanked God for her “wonderful, wonderful son,” the oldest of her six children. “My son served. He served everybody. He served his city. He served his family. He served his nieces and nephews,” she said. “I want to thank God for my son,” she said. “That’s all, that’s all I have to say.” The vigil, which Police Commissioner Charles H. Ramsey and more than a dozen fellow officers attended, drew sorrow and anger See WALKER on A6

LONDON — Beyond the reach of police officers waiting to arrest him and with hundreds of supporters looking on, Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks, took to the balcony of Ecuador’s embassy here on Sunday to condemn the U.S. government and cast himself as one of the world’s most persecuted whistle-blowers. Since June, Assange has been confined to the embassy, a small office in a redbrick apartment block where he fled and was granted asylum from British efforts to extradite him to Sweden. He is wanted for questioning on accusations of rape, sexual molestation and unlawful coercion brought by two women in Stockholm in 2010, allegations he has denied. On Sunday, with his supporters shouting encouragement, Assange did not directly mention those allegations or the women who brought them. One supporter who spoke before him, a former British diplomat, Craig Murray, asserted that Assange had been “fitted up with criminal offenses” as a pretext to prosecute him in the United States for leaking classified government documents. It was a theme Assange continued. “I ask President Obama to do the right thing,” he said, reading from a statement as he stood on the balcony wearing a crisp blue shirt and See ASSANGE on A8

Recovery houses facing bleak future “We will see more folks in By Allyn Gaestel the streets, more folks will be INQUIRER STAFF WRITER For decades, hundreds of homeless, more folks will prohouses in Philadelphia and its vide challenges and end up in suburbs have sheltered recover- our jails, crisis centers, and ing drug users. Entrepreneurs, emergency centers,” predicted many themselves formerly ad- Roland Lamb, director of Philadicted, invested in cheap, dilapi- delphia’s Office of Addiction dated mansions and rowhouses, Services. Gary Doughty, 57, filling them with adNorth Philadeldicts struggling to Since Aug. 1, of phia, said he could get clean. Linked to Philadel- Pa. has cut off be one. “I’ve been drinking drugphia’s extensive treatpayments to ging all myandlife,” he ment services, the houses were largely recovering drug said. “I’m not ready yet to go back out financed by the resiusers, many on my own. I’m too dents’ small monthly living in Phila. old to be sitting on welfare checks. a street corner with Until Aug. 1. That’s when the state cut off a cup in my hand.” those payments, ending general Recovery houses have a assistance for some 68,000 peo- mixed reputation in the city. ple, including several thousand Neighbors complain about probaddicts. Food stamps and medi- lems ranging from crime to loical assistance remain. tering. City officials say the But without the cash, the houses are uneven but provide houses are threatening to shut a critical service on the path to down. Residents and their recovery. Many provide rules neighbors — especially in and connect residents to the Frankford and Kensington, city’s drug services, considered where recovery houses are con- among the best in the country. centrated — fear a surge in adAn estimated 300 to 500 housdiction, crime, and homeless- es provide shelter for some See ADDICTS on A10 ness.

INSIDE

SMALL BUSINESS

Following her taste for tea Anita and Harold Barsky tour Villa St. Joseph by the Sea, the Ventnor, N.J.,

mansion the Phila. Archdiocese has put up for auction. MARI A. SCHAEFER / Staff

Getting an inside look at a beachfront classic It had been a vacation retreat for retired priests. By Mari A. Schaefer

INQUIRER STAFF WRITER

VENTNOR, N.J. — The curious, the sentimental, and perhaps even a serious buyer or two showed up Sunday for a real estate open house at Villa St. Joseph by the Sea, the beachfront mansion to be auctioned off Sept. 15 by the Archdiocese of Philadelphia. Long a vacation retreat for retired

priests, the 19-room, 9,800-squarefoot house is a luxury the cashstrapped archdiocese can no longer justify. It is “inconsistent with the mission” of the church, Archbishop Charles J. Chaput said last week. Well before doors opened Sunday, the lookers were waiting to climb the steps from Princeton Avenue and roam the rambling, gabled house, which sits on a half-acre, commands 175 feet of ocean view, and is assessed at $6.2 million. See VILLA on A4

Something is brewing at Dawn Lewis’ Caffe Craze in Malvern. A11.

HEALTH & SCIENCE

The artful science Winterthur’s Jennifer Mass is an art-world sleuth who uses high-tech tools to discern fakes from the real things. C1.

WEATHER

High 74, Low 64 Rainy and cool to start the workweek. Warmer with a chance of showers on Tuesday, too. Full forecast, B7.

INDEX

Business …A11 Comics ………C6 Lotteries …D8 Marketplace …D6 Movies ………C5

Nation/World …A2 Obituaries ……B5 Opinion ……A14 SideShow ……C3 Television ……C7

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Addicts

is terrified he will lose his old ways. place at his recovery house, Already since the cut, three Project Forever Striving in of her tenants had gotten their North Philadelphia. first paychecks from tempoThe simple rowhouse, run rary jobs and ended up “on by Letitia Mack, who said the street smoking crack.” She she has been drug-free for said she had to kick them out six years, is one of four hous- so they wouldn’t influence othes she owns; 24 formerly ad- er residents. dicted men live in her housMack said general assises. tance covered 70 percent of Haile’s living room is her budget. Now she is applycramped, with well-worn ing for funding “from anyone couches butting against the that will look at our proposdining-room table. A TV al” and “keeping faith in blares gospel inches away God” to keep her houses runfrom the tight seats. The ning. men look at ease in the Fairbanks, the Chicago prosmoke-tinged room. fessor, said, “I thought the Mack connects them with state would not be stupid education, job training, daily enough to cut them. They get Letitia Mack (right) at the recovery house with residents (from Alcoholics Anonymous and an enormous benefit for nothleft) Wilson Marrow, Gary Doughty, James Flowers, and Tony Narcotics Anonymous meet- ing.” He said the general asHaile. MICHAEL BRYANT / Staff ings, and weekly church ser- sistance and the recovery vices. houses became an affordable city, either through contracts street, so now you’re going to But the stability is fragile. housing option, “though they or vouchers, but hundreds of have more people roaming “This place isn’t going to run weren’t planned that way.” others run with no oversight. the street and more crime.” on feelings,” Haile said. The recovery houses were Fred Way, vice president of Mack doesn’t know how not targeted by the cuts, said The cuts are sending tremthe National Association of ors through residents. she’ll fill the wide budget gap Anne Bale, spokeswoman for Recovery Residences, in Geor“I’m going to go back to in her business. She is en- the state Department of Pubgia, wants to change that. sleeping outside, ballistic ani- couraging participants to lic Welfare. “I have never The fledgling group, begun mal behavior, selling drugs. I seek work, which is in itself a heard of those programs.” in 2011, and the even younger have nowhere else to go,” risky move; money, she said, Bale said the $149 million Philadelphia Association of said Tony Haile, 50, a beard- can be a “trigger” for recover- general assistance program Recovery Residences want to ed, burly Delaware native. He ing addicts to resume their was one of the few funded upgrade the haphazard houses by developing standards. Way described a lopsided ratio breakdown between good and bad recovery houses. “Eighty percent are run by people who really care,” Way said, “but those 20 percent can be a major bad.” Pete Specos, president of the Frankford Civic Association, sees a different ratio. “There are 10 bad ones for every good one,” he said. 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., both days Specos decried the presence of “drug addicts hanging on the corners.” • Guided Walking Tours Burpee’s Historic Fordhook Farm “The people who live in the See over 3,000 species 105 New Britain Road neighborhoods here are disof plants – perennials, Doylestown, PA 18901 gusted by it,” he said, citing vegetables, herbs & more. declining property values and Admission: $5 per person high crime rates. • Tomato Tastings (you will receive a $5 coupon for plant Lt. Derrick Wood of the purchases onsite) 15th Police District, covering • Planting & Harvesting Frankford, said he had not Event held rain or shine heard any specific complaints Demonstrations about the homes from resiFor details & directions visit dents or colleagues in his • Perennial & Fruit nine months in the area. www.burpee.com/EVENTS Plants Sale What will happen now is anyone’s guess. Though he dislikes the homes, Specos Special Lecture: Dr. Mark Ehlenfeldt, USDA blueberry breeder thinks the cuts will only worsen the situation. “A lot of and expert presents: “The Native American Blueberry — A Home these people who relied on Garden Favorite”. Friday and Saturday at 11:00. that money for housing are going to be left out on the

by the state rather than the federal government, and so was one of the few line items the state had the power to cut. Recovering heroin addict Cindy Kelly, 53, said she cycled through four recovery houses in the last two years. The worst had her in a “financial blackout” where she couldn’t leave until she paid off rent that was more than her welfare check. Some houses drift from recovery to drug dens as residents relapse and owners let them stay. Kelly recalled how one house refused to let her use an oxygen tank prescribed for her pneumonia. Bailed out by her son, Kelly is now happy with the program at the Joy of Living, a 10-house recovery program. She thinks others won’t be so lucky. “A lot of people will be dead,” she said. “I guess that’s the purpose. These people are disposable.” Contact Allyn Gaestel at AGaestel@philly.com or follow on Twitter @AllynGaeste.

Friday & Saturday, August 24th & 25th

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Continued from A1 4,000 people each night in Philadelphia, said University of Chicago professor Robert Fairbanks, who has studied the city. Similar pockets exist in some suburbs. Levittown in Bucks County has 68 recovery houses, in part because zoning in several townships does not exclude them, said Beverly Haberle, executive director of the Council of Southeast Pennsylvania, the regional affiliate of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence. At $205 per month since 1982, general assistance payments spurred the emergence of a “gray economy” of unregulated recovery houses, mostly in North Philadelphia, said Fairbanks, who published his dissertation on Kensington recovery houses in 2009. Fairbanks said the minimal subsidy endured in Pennsylvania while other states gradually slashed it. It encouraged people to pool their cash and food stamps and live in homes where the structure and access to care provided a bridge to recovery. He said people come to Kensington — at first blush “a strange place to come to get sober” — from Baltimore; Newark, N.J.; New York; and even Puerto Rico, because “they can get an access card [for cash assistance] and they can live.” (New Jersey, with no similar support, has far fewer recovery homes.) These houses exist around the city, but North Philadelphia, and particularly Frankford, is “the recovery-house capital,” said Stephanie Scully, a recovering addict turned real estate mogul. She runs 10 recovery houses and owns 47 properties, mostly in North Philadelphia. She, like many in the recovery-house field, credits her success a decade ago to her own stint on general assistance in a recovery house. On the wall above her desk is written “Jails, Institutions or … STEPH’s” in bold letters. The extent of services ranges widely. Thirty-two houses have a relationship with the

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Allyn Gaestel