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kt¥m-j-Øn-t‚bpw kmtlm-Z-cy-Øn-s‚bpw ktμiw hnfn-t®m-Xp∂ ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS {]nb-s∏´ s]mt∂mWw hcn-Ibm-bn. ssIcfn Hm^v _mƒ´n-tam¿ F∂ kwL-S-\-bnse Hmtcm ae-bmfnbpw Cu BtLmjsØ BlvfmZ-]q¿Δw hc-th¬°m≥ Hcpßn-°-gn™p. GXv {]hmkn ae-bm-fn-bmWv HmW \mfp-I-f-n¬ Xs‚ Ip´n-°m-e-sØ-°pdn®v Hm¿°m-ØXv. HmW-Øn\v apºp≈ HmW∏-co-£-bpsS Ahkm\ Znhkw, ]co£ Ign-™p≈ ho´n-te-°p≈ B Hm´w... C\n ]Øv Znhkw kt¥m-j-Øn-t‚bpw BtLmj-ß-fp-sSbpw Zn\-߃! amk-ß-tfmfw \o≠p \n∂ ag-°m-eØn\p tijw Hcp {]tXy-I -Xcw IqSp-X¬ shfn-®ap≈ HmW-sh-bn¬, GØ°m-b-I-fpsS Iqºm-c-amb HmW-®-¥, F√mhoSp-I-fpsS apºnepw hep-tXm, sNdptXm Bb AØ∏q-°-fw, HmW-°meØv am{X-an-Sp∂ Du™m¬, ]pØ-\p-Sp-∏v, HmW-kZy, HmW-°-fn-Iƒ Cßs\ ]d- ™ m¬ XocmØ ]e Hm¿Ω- I - f mWv HmW- s Ø- ° p- d n®v Hm¿Øm¬ a\- n-te°v hcp-∂-Xv. Hmtcm HmW-°m-eØpw ssIcfn Hm^v _mƒ´n-tam-dns‚ HmWm-tLm-j-ßfp-sS `mKambn {]kn-≤o-Ic - n-°p∂ kvac-WnI, Cu h¿jhpw hfsc at\ml-c-ambn IqSp-X¬ anI-thm-Sp -IqSnbpw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°m≥ Cu kwL-S\bv°v km[n-®-Xn¬ Rm≥ kt¥m-jn-°p-∂p. CXn\pth≠n {]b-Xv\n® Hmtcm alXv hy-‡nbv°pw Fs‚ t]cnepw kph-\ob¿ IΩn-‰n-bpsS t]cnepw Rm≥ IS-s∏´ncn°p∂p. kph- \ o¿ IΩn‰n AwK- ß - f mb {ioaXn tim`\ am¿t°m- k v , {io. cma-h¿Ω cmP, {io. A\n¬ Atemjykv, ssIc-fn-bpsS {]kn-U‚ v {io. kmPp am¿t°mkv, hcpw-Ime {]kn-U‚ v {io. tPmbv IptSen F∂nhtcm-Sp≈ \μnbpw Rm≥ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. IY-Ifpw Ihn-XI - fpw, B\pImenI {]iv\-ß-fpw, hnhn[ ]cn-]m-Sn-I-fpsS Nn{X-ßfpw ASßp∂ Cu kam-lmcw \n߃°v Gh¿°pw th≠n ka¿∏n-°p-∂p. F√mh¿°pw Fs‚ lrZbw \nd™ HmWm-iw-k-Iƒ! k_o\ \mk¿ sNb¿, kph-\o-b¿ IΩn‰n

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My dear friends, I am honored to be able to serve as President for this wonderful organization. In this busy world, Kairali is a kind of oasis: a place where we Keralites can meet, relax, and reminiscence of home. Kairali is a gathering place, where new friendships can be forged, and old ones renewed; it is a place where we can bring our children to ensure they know their roots. The sincere spirit of friendship and compassion present between all of our members has allowed this community to thrive. We have accomplished so much together, and I am confident that we are on the track to even greater accomplishments. 2016 has been a great year for Kairali of Baltimore. We had a delightful family trip to Poconos in May. In June, the Sports Committee organized a vigorous basketball competition with 20 teams participating from Maryland and Virginia. We have several further activities planned for the future, such as a picnic in August, an Onam celebration, Christmas and New Year celebration, and so on. However, while our focus is mainly on our organization, we have not forgotten that we are a part of a larger community. In accordance with the age-old principle of “Vasudhaiva Kudumbakam”, which literally means that the “world is one family”, we have been arranging many events to contribute to the larger community that we all are a part of. This year the Kairali Youth Committee conducted an extremely successful campaign for cleaning the Chesapeake Bay area to commemorate the Earth Day, which won us appreciation from the Maryland Department of Transportation. Several of our young members worked very diligently to make it a big success. The Kairali Women’s Forum organized services bagging food stuff for the needy at the Missionaries of Charity Gift of Hope Home and also volunteered at ‘Our Daily Bread’ soup kitchen serving lunch and clean up after lunch for 685 homeless people. Kairali will also be organizing a blood donation campaign, CPR class, thanksgiving food basket, and to volunteer at soup kitchen. Kairali successfully organized a one day ‘Educational Workshop’ on home and auto insurance, living will, social security benefits and Medicare, home mortgage, taxation, and financial planning and retirement. There were knowledgeable speakers to speak on the various topics and they also answered questions raised during each sessions. The participants were very grateful and appreciative for the information that they received during the workshop. I am sure that with continued support from all my Kairali members, we will be able to make even greater contributions in the days and years to come. Let us renew our pledge of support to our community with even greater vigor as we work towards a strong, supportive group that has a positive impact on the world around it. I would like to thank all my Kairali members for your support; Kairali exists for you and because of you. I extend my special thanks to the Executive Committee for the tremendous support and for everything they do for Kairali of Baltimore. I express my sincere thanks to all of our sponsors, advertisers, and financial supporters. I take this opportunity to thank the writers who contributed the articles and poems for the souvenir and to the souvenir committee whose hard work has blossomed into this beautiful souvenir. None of our accomplishments would have been possible without all your wishes and support. I wish you all a happy and prosperous Onam! Sincerely yours,

Saju Markose President - Kairali of Baltimore

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While Malayalees around the world are preparing for Onam, Kairali of Baltimore is excited to celebrate the spirit of the harvest festival in all of its splendor and enthusiasm, in its true essence. Onam brings memories of a bygone golden era and reaffirms love, peace, unity, and prosperity throughout humanity. This season is a promise of love, friendship, sacrifice, and bonding with no boundaries! It gives me immense pride and honor to report that Kairali and its leadership was able to achieve many new endeavors this year with your support, preserving the legacy of Kairali. Thank you to each and every one of you for being part of the Kairali family. The Women’s forum embraced community service and healthy living in their vision for this year. With that mission, the Women’s Forum organized community service activities at Missionaries of Charity Gift of Hope Home and Our Daily Bread Soup Kitchen. Upcoming events include a Blood Drive, BLS class, and Thanksgiving baskets to the underprivileged population in Baltimore. The Women's Forum further arranged a cooking class, exercise programs, and organized a women’s throw ball team. We have a fully engaged youth group who joined the shoreline cleanup in honor of Earth Day and organized a memorable family trip to the Poconos with various activities. Another huge success was this year’s sports day with 100 players from all age group. The event included boys/girls basketball, and women’s throw ball. This event had great participation from Kairali families and youth and was supported by sponsors and volunteers. With a vision of reaching out to the broader community, President Saju Markose initiated a new endeavor of monthly newsletters which is a huge success in keeping the community informed, connected, and involved with the help of using technology. Addressing the need for our community, Kairali also organized a one-day free educational workshop. This workshop included Auto/Home Insurance, Home Mortgage, Taxation, Living Will, Social Security, Medicare Benefits and Financial Planning for Retirement sessions. These sessions were conducted by the experts in each field. It is not over yet. Kairali has planned for many more exciting events in the coming months and anticipates full participation from each one of you. Let us celebrate our success together as a family and wish for many more years of friendship, love, and togetherness as a community. Wish you all a very happy, prosperous, healthy Onam 2016! Dr. Alphonsa Rahman Secretary- Kairali of Baltimore

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PqWn¬ kvIqƒ Xpd-∂m¬ ]ns∂ BZyw FØp∂ ]co-£-bv°v HmW∏-co£ F∂mWv ]d-bp-I. B ]co£bpsS Ahkm-\-hn-jbhpw FgpXn-°-gn™v R߃ Ip´n-Iƒ kvIqfns‚ ]Sn-bn-d-ßp∂ kabw apX¬ XpS-ßp-I-bmbn \m´n¬ apgp-h≥ B™Sn-°p∂ Bthi-Øn-t‚bpw BÀmZ-Ønt‚bpw Aesbm-en-Iƒ. ho´n¬ FØn°-gn™v BZyw sNøp-∂Xv ]pkvXIw tai-ta-se-dn™v ]qh´nbpw Igp-Øn-en´v ]d-ºn-te-s°mcp Hm´-am-Wv. ]nt‰∂v HmW-°-fsam-cp-°m-\p≈ ]p°-fd - pØp sIm≠v hcp-∂X - n\v tZisØ Bimcnam-cpsS IpSpw-_-Øn¬ \n∂pw Ip´n-I-fp≈ hoSp-I-fn-sems° AØØn\v apºp-Xs∂ ]qh-´n-Iƒ hnX-cWw sNbvXn-´p-≠m-bn-cn°pw. Xpº, s\√n-∏q-hv, (s\-√n-a-c-Øn-ep-≠m-hp∂ ]qh√ sIt´m. s\¬∏m-SØv s\¬s®-Sn-Iƒ°n-Sb - n¬ hncn-bp∂ Hcp Xcw \oetbm hb-et‰m \nd-Øn-ep≈ ]qhp-I-fmWv s\√n-∏q-hv) a™ \nd-Ønep≈ tImfm-ºn∏q c≠p \nd-ß-fn¬ hcp∂ _mW-∏qhv F∂nhsbms° ]dn-°m≥ henb D¬kml-tØmsS R߃ ImSpw sXmSnIfpw Ibdn Cdßpw. \ndw sIm≠pw hep∏w sIm≠pw tImfmºn∏q a‰p≈ ]q°-sf-sb√mw tXm¬∏n-°pw. ac-Øn¬ Ibdn thWw tImfm-ºn-∏q-hn-dp-°m≥. B¨Ip´n-Iƒ B tPmen s]¨Ip´n-Iƒ°v hn´p sImSp-°n-√. ]Icw Ah¿°v In´p-∂Xn ]qh´n \nd®v Xpº∏qh-dp-°m-\p≈ \ntbm-K-am-Wv. F{X CdpØn-´mepw \s∂ sNdnb Xpº-∏q-°ƒ sIm≠v Hcp ]qh´n \nd-°m≥ hfsc t\cw thWw. CXns\°pdn-®p-≠m-Ip∂ sNdnb sNdnb hg-°p-Ifpw HmW-°m-esØ Hcp t\c-tºm-°m-bn-cp-∂p. F¶nepw If-Ønse

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dmWn Xpº∏q Xs∂ F∂dn-bp-∂-Xp-sIm≠v F{X _p≤n- a p- ´ n- b mepw Hcp c≠p ]qh- ´ n- s b- ¶ nepw R߃ Xpº-∏q-shm-∏n-°pw. _lph¿Æ -]p-jv]-߃ ho´n¬ sIm≠ph∂p sh≈w Xfn®p hmg-bn-e-I-fn-emWp kq£n°p-I. ]nt‰∂p cmhnse NmWIw sagp-Inb IfØn-emWv R߃ Ip´n-Iƒ Rß-fpsS Iem-{]-IS\-߃ ImgvN sh°p-∂Xv. \ne-hn-f-°v, ]qºm-‰, DZb-kq-cy≥ F∂o cq]-߃ If-ß-fn¬ hncn-bpw. AØw apX¬ D{XmSw hsc-bmWv ]q°-f-an-Sp-∂Xv. F√m Znh-khpw Ifw hrØm-Ir-Xn-bn-em-sW¶n¬ aqew \mfn¬ am{Xw ka-N-Xp-c-Øn-emWp Ifsa-gp-Xp-∂Xv. aqe-Øn\p aqe-°-f-sa∂p ]d-bpw. Cu Znh-k-ß-fn-sems° hdp-Ø D-t∏-cn, i¿°c Dt∏cn F∂n hnin-jvS-h-kvXp-°ƒ (HmW-Øn\p am{X-amWv Ch ho´n¬ Xs∂ [mcm-f-ambp-≠m-°p-∂-Xv) `c-Wn-I-fn-em°n a®n¬ AS®p sh®n-´p-≠mIpw. apXn¿∂-h-cpsS IÆp sh´n®v Ah hb-‰n-em-°p-∂Xpw ck-I-c-amb A\p`-h-ambn-cp-∂p. hn`- h - k - a r- ≤ - a mb DuWp Ign- ™ m¬ Ab¬hm-kn-I-fmb kvXoIƒ Hcp ho´n¬ Hcpan®v ssIsIm-´n-°fn Ifn-°pw. Ip´n-Ifpw apXn¿∂ BWpßfpw ImWm≥ FØnt®-cpw. Ip´n-Iƒ Bthi-tØmsS AΩam-cpsS IqsS tN¿∂p NphSp-Iƒ sh°pw. {]tXy-Ia - mbn Nn´-s∏-Sp-Ønb ]m´pIfpw a‰p Nne ck-I-c-amb \mS≥ ]m´p-Ifpw ssIsIm-´n Ifn°p sImgp-t∏-Ipw. D{XmS-Øns‚ A∂p sshIp-t∂-c-amWv G‰hpw ckw. A∂mWv aÆp Ipg®v Xr°m-°-cb-∏s\ D≠m°p-∂Xv. alm-_-enbpw ]oThpw Np‰pw \mev A\pbm- b n- I fpw ]Sn- ° ¬ Hcp Imh¬°mc\pw. Aßns\ Ggv cq]- ß - f mWv Nph∂ aÆn¬ Ipg®p D≠m°p-I. amth-ensb ]oT-

Øn¬ {]Xn- j v T n®v \mev A-\p-N-c-∑msc Np‰pw sh°pw. amthensb Xe- b n¬ IrjvW-In-co-S-Øns‚ ]q IpØnbpw Np‰pw Xpf- k n- ∏ q, tImfmºn∏q F∂nh Cu ¿ ° n - e n ¬ tIm¿Øv IpØnbpw Ae¶-cn-°pw. ]ns∂ ]®cn Ac®p- ≠ m°nb Acnamhp sIm≠v amth- e ntbbpw A\pN-c-tcbpw AWnbn-°pw. ]Sn-°-en-cn°p∂ Im¬°m-c\pw Cu AWnbn-°-sem-s°-bp≠v. AXp Ign-™mWv ]qP. [q]w, Zo]w, Nμ-\w, i¿°c F∂nh°p ]pdsa Aºnfn AS F∂ Hcp hnti- j - s ∏´ ]e- l mcw IqSn A∂p≠m- ° pw. ]q¿Æ-N-{μs‚ cq-]-Øn¬ Acnamhpw i¿°-cbpw ]ghpw tN¿Øp-≠m-°p∂ Hcp hn`-ha - mWv Aºnfnb-S. HmW-Øn-\-√msX as‰mcp Znh-khpw ho´n-ep≠m-°mØ ]e-lm-c-am-Wn-Xv. Cu Znhkw Xs∂ H‰ AS am{Xsa D≠m°p-I-bp-≈q. ]qP Ign™m¬ F√mhcpw AXp {]kmZw t]mse hoXns®-SpØp Ign-°pw. ]qP Ign-bp-∂Xv ho´nse Bƒ Ip´n-If - psS Bdt∏m hnfn-tbm-sS-bmWv Bdt∏m................. ]qth s]men ]qth F∂p Dds° B¿∏p hnfn®v alm_-en°p kzmK-X-tam-Xpw. sIm√-Øn-sem-cn-°¬ tIc-fØ - n¬ Xs‚ {]P-Isf kμ¿in-°m-s\-Øp∂ alm-_en A∂p cm{Xn tIcfw kμ¿in®p aS-ßpsa∂p hnizm-kw. F¥n\mWv ]≠sØ Hcp N{Ih¿Øn-bmbn- c p∂ alm- _ en Ct∏mgpw Xs‚ {]P- I sf ImWm≥ tIcfw kμ¿in-°p-∂-Xv. B IY-bmWv HmW-Øns‚ sFXn-lyw. {]Àm-Zs‚ ]u{X-\mb alm-_en tIc-fØns‚ N{I-h¿Øn-bmbn hmgn-°-s∏-´p. Xs‚ cmPyw F√mhn[ \∑-Ifpw \nd-™-Xm-bn-cn-°m≥ At±lw {ian-®p. Cßns\ t]mIp∂p At±lØns‚ \∑ \nd™ `d-W-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ HmW∏m-´v. ‘amthen \mSp hmWoSpw Imew am\p-j-sc-√m-cp-sam-∂pt]mse BtamZ-tØmsS hkn°pw Imew B]Ø-ßm¿°p-sam-´n-√-Xm\pw B[nIƒ hym[n-I-sfm-∂p-an√

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_me-a-c-W-߃ tIƒ∏m-\n√ ZpjvS-sc -I¨sIm≠p Im◊m-\n√ \√-h-c-√msX C√ ]mcn¬ I≈-hp-an√ NXn-bp-an√ Ft≈mf-an√m s]mfn-h-N\w I≈-∏-d-bpw- sN-dp\m-gnbpw I≈-Ø-c-߃ as‰m-∂p-an√.’ Cßns\ \mSp hmgp∂ Hcp {]Pm-]X - n°p Xs‚ ]Z-hn-bn-se-Øm≥ A[nI-Im-es - am∂pw th≠nh-cn-s√∂v Akqbm-ep-hmb tZth-{μ\p tXm∂n. alm-_-ensb At±l-Øns‚ ÿm\Øp \n∂v \njvIm-kn-X\ - m-°W - s - a∂p Xs∂ tZth-{μ≥ Xncpam-\n-®p. alm-hnjvWp Hcp {_m“-W_ - m-es‚ thjØn¬ hma-\-s\∂ t]cp kzoI-cn®p tIc-f-Ønte°v h∂p. alm-_-en-tbmSp X\n°v X]- n-cn°m≥ Hcp aq∂Sn aÆp thW-sa∂p Bhiy-s∏-´p. Akpc-Kp-cp-hmb ip{I-Nm-cy≥ Zm\w sImSp-°c - p-Xv F∂pw CsXt¥m NXn-bm-sW∂pw alm-_e - nsb D]tZ-in-®p. Zm\-[¿Ωn-jvT\ - mb alm-_en {i{ImNm-cys‚ D]tZiw \nc-kn-®p. ip{Im-Nm-cy≥ `qan Afs∂-Sp-°p-∂-Xn\p apºp≈ ]mZ-]qP sNøp∂ ka-bØv In≠n-bpsS apI-fn¬ tN¿∂n-cp∂v sh≈w hcp∂Xp apS-°m≥ {ian-®p. In≠n-bn¬ \n∂p sh≈w h∂m-et√ Imep Igp-In-°m\pw ]n∂o-Sp≈ ]mZ-]qP \SØm\pw AXns\ Xp-S¿∂p≈ `qan Zm\w sNøm\pw km[n-°p-I-bp≈q? ]s£ AXp a\- n-em-°msX alm-_en Xs∂ Hcp Z¿`-∏p-s√-SpØv In≠n-bpsS apc-en¬ IpØp-Ibpw Aßns\ ip{Im-Nm-cy-cpsS Hcp IÆv s]m´n-t∏m-hp-Ibpw sNbvXp. thZ-\n®p ]pdØp h∂ ip{I-mNm-cy≥ Hcp IÆn-√m-sX-bmWv ]n∂o-Sp≈ Imew Pohn-®X - v. F¶nepw ]mZ-]q-Pbpw `qZm-\hpw apS-°n-√msX \S-∂p. CjvSap≈n-SØp aq∂Sn ÿew Afs∂-SpØp sIm≈m-\m-bn-cp∂p alm-_en hma-\-t\mSp ]d-™-Xv. A\phmZw In´nb DSs\ hma-\≥ BImiw aps´ hf-cm≥ XpS-

ßn. Ggp ASn sIm≠v `qanbpw kz¿§hpw Af∂p c≠m-asØ ASn sIm≠v ]mXm-fhpw aq∂m-asØ ASn sh°m≥ FhnsS ÿew F∂p tNmZn® hma\\v Xs‚ Xe-bn¬ sh®p sIm≈m-\mWv alm_en A\phmZw sImSp-Ø-Xv. Aßns\ hma-\≥ alm-_-en-bpsS Xebn¬ Im¬ sh®v At±lsØ ]mXm-f-Øn-te°v Nhn-´n-Øm-gvØn. t]mhp-tºmƒ Xs‚ {]P-Isf Cu hn[-Øn¬ ]ncn™v t]mhm≥ hnj-a-ap-s≠∂pw AXn\m¬ Xs‚ Hcm{Klw km[n-∏n®p Xc-Wsa∂pw hma-t\mSp At]£n-®p. sIm√-Øn-sem-cn°¬ Xs‚ {]P- I sf h∂p ImWm- \ p≈ A\phmZw Xc-W-sa-∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p alm-_-en-bpsS At]£. hma-\≥ AX\p-h-Zn-®p. Aßns\ alm_en Xs‚ {]nb-s∏´ P\ßsf ImWm≥ hcp∂ kpZn-\-amWv HmWw. h≈w Ifn a’-cß - ƒ kwL-Sn-∏n®pw hmZytLm-jß - f - psS AIº-Sn-tbmsS ]pen-°fn Ifn®pw P\-߃ hnhn[ Xc-Øn¬ sIm≠m-Sp∂ HmWw Cs∂mcp tZio-bm-tLm-ja - m-W.v tIc-fØ - nepw `mcX-Ønepw am{X-a√ temI-Øns‚ GXp ap°nepw aqebn-ep-ap≈ ae-bm-fn-Ifpw HmWw BtLmjn-°p-∂p≠v. Hcp ImeØv ]q°-fa - n´pw tImSn-bp-SØpw hn`-hk-ar-≤a - mb kZy-bp≠pw BSnbpw ]mSnbpw alm_-ensb hc-th‰ tIcfw D≠mbn-cp-∂p. ]s£ Imew amdn. C∂v sabnUv C≥ ssN\ ]q°-fØ - n¬ \ndhpw ]mt‰-Wpw- am‰n ap‰-sØ-SpØp sh®pw ]n∂osS-SpØv ASpØ h¿jw D]tbm-Kn-°m≥ th≠n kq£n®p shbv ° p∂ ]q°- f hpw samss_¬ t^mWn¬ H∂p hnfn®p ]d-™m¬ tai-∏p-ds - ØØp∂ HmW-k-Zy-bp-am-sW∂v hyXymkw am{Xw. F¶nepw ho´p-Im-sc√mw H∂n®p IqSn kt¥mjw \nd™ GXm\pw aWn-°q-dp-I-sf-¶nepw kz¥-am-°nbmWv Xnc°p \nd™ Cu ImeØv HmW-Øns‚ ku`m-Kyhpw kt¥mjhpw ]ecpw Hm¿Ω-X≥ sN∏n¬ kq£n®p sh°p-∂X - .v tim`\ tat\m≥ tam≠-sd, Imen-t^m¿Wnb Email: Sunanda0808@ gmail.com

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Through storm-tossed mists and tempered seas Aboard wind-swept decks in rain-lashed days To the new land’s hope, the new land’s light To make anew of my ruined life And there she was, amongst the waves The stately lady, in robes of green Thrusting a torch to storm-filled skies Defying lightning with her noble eyes Noble eyes that were mild indeed As they surveyed us, tumbling to her shore Like orphaned children, cast carelessly aside Now we were her children, brought by the tide Her lips did curve in the hint of a smile Her looming presence did benevolence convey ‘Welcome, my child,’ she seemed to say And I knew in my heart that I would stay The land of the free, the home of the brave Where Lady Liberty in her fair radiance lay Torch in hand and tablet cradled Taking in the tired and poor, as she was fabled And then, as I stood there, in wistful reverie Thinking of my old home and what would be my new With the fair lady’s gaze warming me to the bone I felt the strangest sense that I was indeed coming home

Anagha Rama Varma

Her elegant robes and welcoming countenance Were like the long-lost mother I once knew And I felt at once safe and ready to face The future, as if I’d finally found my place.

Grade 9 Mrs. Watson Centennial High School Ellicott City, MD.

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We party for fun and it's not just to meet and eat Eating is one part of it, drinking is another part of it Our actions may get childish but we avoid all insults We'll all have fun like kids, but still be caring adults. Kids having fun playing with kids of their own age, They walk, talk, and throw things around as they are on the same page. They know the time is right for them to do anything While their parents are busy doing everything to their likings Ladies get busy with the food they cooked with skills, Tasting it, eating it, and praising each other with all that thrills Most of them love talking about the new saree they just got Or showing off with all that new jewelry they just bought. Men are busy getting their favorite drinks and snacks, Talking about everything and pretending them to be all facts. Arguments occur, but it hardly cross the limits, cause They all know where to stop or at least when to pause. Snacks are given first for everyone to start the fun We enjoy them with drinks until snacks are all done. Parties are never complete without us cutting cake Its one major thing that adults and kids together partake. Cell phones are best used not just for texts or talks But to take fun pictures and add for face book folks Pictures are right away added for friends to watch That's an easy way for hundreds of 'likes' to catch. Inside or outside, games help to burn calories But some play better games with gossips about salaries... Parents start calling for kids, hosts start yawning, and everyone stops eating That's how we know that the party is over and we should be leaving. All parties see an end when hosts start packing food, And when guests tell host that food was really good. Some guests stay around, until clearing is almost done, Then they all leave with words and smiles to show they had fun.

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Kerala could be called the land of bananas. One could see all different kinds of banana with different colors, sizes and tastes in Kerala. The banana tree is actually the largest flowering herbaceous plant in the world, and although there are many different varieties, almost all are elongated and slightly curved fruit. Not only the fruit but banana leaves, trunk, and flower is also used and consumed. India is the world’s largest producer of banana with about 18% of the worldwide crop; yet does not make up a leading exporter of the same. The consumption is really high as it’s a part of staple food throughout the country particularly towards south. In all the important festivals and occasions of Hindus, the serving of bananas play a prominent part. Traditionally in Tamil marriages, banana plants are tied on both sides of the entrance of houses to bless the newlyweds to be useful to each other. The banana is one of three fruits with this significance, the others being mango and jack fruit. Banana leaves are large, flexible, and waterproof. Our own Kairali of Baltimore has a tradition of serving ‘Onam sadya’ on banana leaves during onam celebration..In the South Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala in every special occasion the food must be served in a banana leaf and as a part of the food a banana is served. The banana leaves often serve as a wrapping for grilling food. The leaves contain juices, protect food from burning, and add a subtle sweet flavor to the preparation. The trunk of banana tree is also used to make curries in south India. Bananas are an excellent source of vitamin B6 and contain moderate amounts of vitamin C, manganese, and dietary fiber. They are a good source of potassium although not enough for daily body needs and should be supplemented with other sources such as milk, beans, etc. The health benefits of bananas include helping with weight loss, reducing obesity, curing intestinal disorders, relieving constipation, and curing conditions like dysentery, anemia, kidney disorders, and burns. They are also good for reducing blood pressure, protecting heart health, modifying the metabolism, improving the immune system, reducing the severity of ulcers, building strong bones, and detoxifying the body. Along with an apple a day add one banana a day as that’s what it is called in USA. References https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana https://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/fruit/banana.html

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In the house So darkly quiet From its depths it came The pattering of phantom feet And the thieving squeaks untamed To and fro scurried they The marauders of the night The highwaymen of starry blackness Unseen watchers by day Straddling shadows as their horses And clutching hunger as their guns They searched out the kitchens and their quarry: Handsome food lying unawares No resistance did they encounter From the silent darkness And they did no courtesy of demanding ransom Merely nibbled away Come morning the lady of the residence rises And shrieks with rising fury Once again they have struck The merry band of mice!

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R.K. Nair

cience may be defined as the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment. Religion on the other hand is defined as a belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God. Thus the essential difference between science and religion is that the former is a discipline of study while the latter is a discipline of belief. Science, formerly known as natural philosophy is broadly divided into physical sciences and life sciences. Physics and Chemistry study matter and energy while Zoology and Botany study animal and plant lives. Religion on the other hand evolved in various parts of the world in different names, with Hinduism and Judaism perhaps being the oldest. Let us now analyze how both these branches of philosophy developed over the centuries of recorded history leading us to the present day world where these two philosophies are in conflict with each other. Empedocles was a fifth century BC Greek Natural Philosopher who postulated that the universe is made up of four elements or roots which he called earth, water, air and fire. If we substitute the word ‘solid’ for earth, ‘liquid’ for water, ‘gas’ for air and ‘plasma’ for fire, we see that Empedocles was speaking about the four states of matter which modern science has fully accepted. Empedocles also wrote about two forces which he called love and strife. Substituting the word ‘attraction’ for love and ‘repulsion’

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for strife; we see that Empedocles was describing the phenomenon of gravity which manifests itself as attractive centripetal and repulsive centrifugal forces. Eratosthenes, a Greek astronomer, estimated the circumference of the earth by measuring the length of shadow cast at noon at two different places on earth using geometric and trigonometric principles around 240 B.C. Claudius Ptolemy, an Alexandrian astronomer and mathematician of the 2nd century A.D, developed a geocentric model of the universe in which Earth is central and stationary and all celestial bodies revolved around the earth. Ptolemy combined his observations with those of earlier astronomers and his mathematical compilation “The Almagest” became highly useful in the measurement of time in days, months, seasons, and years in agriculture, commerce, and government. Nicholas Copernicus, a sixteenth century Polish astronomer and a Canon of the Church was dissatisfied with Ptolemy’s geocentric model of the universe. His reasoning was that it is easier for the earth rotate on its axis than have the whole universe revolve around the earth. Thus, he developed a mathematical model of the universe in which he assigned three motions to Earth: a daily rotation on its axis, an annual revolution around the Sun and an axial tilt of 23 1/2 degrees from the vertical, in order to account for the observed motions of the sun, planets and the stars. However, Copernicus had no experimental proof to support his theory and therefore his heliocentric model of the universe still remains a mathematical model, but not a physical reality. Tycho Brahe, another noted astronomer of that time, rejected Copernican model because he believed that Earth is too heavy (dense) to move. He proposed an improvement on the Ptolemaic system by suggesting that the Moon and the Sun revolved around Earth but all other planets revolved around the Sun. Tychonic geo-heliocentric model agrees with all observed phenomena but it failed to gain acceptance because of his untimely early death at the age of 54 in the year 1601. Galileo and Kepler supported the Copernican model because the newly discovered telescope showed them that Jupiter has four moons revolving around that

planet while Earth has one; and therefore earth is also a planet revolving around the Sun. Isaac Newton supported Copernican heliocentric model of the solar system based on his own Laws of Motion and Gravitation. Since there were only five known planets during his life-time besides Earth, his calculations showed him that the combined masses and distances of these planets were not sufficient to bring the center of gravity of the solar system outside of the Sun because of the huge mass of the Sun. Uranus was discovered in the year 1781, fifty four years after the death of Isaac Newton. Sixty-five years still later, Neptune was discovered in the year 1846 after its existence was predicted mathematically. Pluto was discovered in the year 1930 and more recently several more Kuiper Belt Objects have been discovered. Today astronomers believe that trans-Neptunian space consisting of the Kuiper Belt and OortCloud may contain trillions of objects extending the radius of our solar system well up to one lightyear. These discoveries should clearly prove that the center of gravity of our solar system is not within the Sun as Newton calculated but perhaps one astronomical unit (AU) away from the Sun; which happens to be our Earth! Science and religion would then once again agree with each other after four hundred years’ of quarrelling beginning with Galileo’s inquisition trial. Many cosmologists believe that the universe started out with a Big Bang some 13.8 billion years ago. The theory originated from observing the red shift of light coming from some distant galaxies leading some astronomers to believe that the universe is expanding at an increasing speed similar to a balloon being inflated! The argument then goes that if the galaxies are moving away from each other now; they must have been closer to each other at some point in the past. It was such calculations that led them to believe that some 13.8 billion years ago the universe started as a single point mass that began expanding with a big bang creating space and time. If you ask these cosmologists where this point mass came from or what existed before the big bang; they have no answers! It is interesting to note that the person who first proposed this theory in the year 1927

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was himself a catholic priest named Georges Lemaitre. These red-shifted galaxies are said to be millions of light-years away and therefore we can only say that millions of years ago they were receding from earth. We do not know if they stopped receding. We will have to wait another few million years to confirm this theory. On the other hand our closest galaxy, Andromeda galaxy, is blue-shifted; meaning that it is approaching our galaxy, the Milky Way.

dhism was an off-shoot of Hinduism when

While Science was trying to find answers to questions like ‘what’, ‘when’ and ‘where’; Religion was trying to answer the question ‘why’. In their search to find out ‘what’ the universe is made of; Scientists found that it is mainly hydrogen and helium. Scientists also believe that they know ‘when’ the universe came into existence and ‘where’ it exists. But no scientist knows ‘why’ the universe exists! This is where Religion finds answers.

years ago, was himself a Jew who claimed that he

Hinduism is said to be the oldest religion dating back to some four thousand years before Christ. Hindu religious principles are known as

but simply proclaimed himself a Messenger of

“Sanathana Dharma”. Sanathana Dharma, which may loosely be translated as “Eternal Law” proclaims principles of Non-violence, Honesty, Goodwill, Patience, Forbearance, Self-restraint, Generosity and Asceticism. Perhaps the most distinguishing feature of Hinduism is the theory of Re-birth. The soul is said to be indestructible and therefore it has eternal life. Just as Newton’s third law of motion says about physical objects that “For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction”; Hindu scriptures also proclaimed that each living being has to suffer the consequences of its actions. If one fills his or her life with good deeds, he or she is necessarily going to be rewarded for it with better and better re-births and ultimately attaining Moksha (Liberation or Salvation). Bud-

Old Testament reflecting Jewish society and the

Siddhartha, the Gautama Buddha, simplified the principles of Sanathana Dharma into the four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path that common men and women could easily understand. Judaism, Christianity and Islam share their common origin in the Middle East with Judaism being the oldest by some 4000 years or so. Jesus Christ, the founder of Christianity, two thousand is the Son of God and the promised Messiah. Orthodox Jews did not accept his claim of divine origin and he was crucified with the help of the occupied ruling Romans. However Christ’s disciples propagated his teachings worldwide and today Christianity is world’s number one religion with over two billion followers. Prophet Muhammad, who lived in the seventh century AD, never claimed any supernatural powers in him, God. Judaism, Christianity and Islam share many common principles stated in the Bible with the New Testament reflecting Christian principles. Prophet Muhammad’s teachings are codified in the Holy Quran. Hinduism became the most modern religion after its reformation under Sri Shankaracharya who espoused “Advaitha Sidhantha” or the Philosophy of Non-dualism. This highest form of realization that “self” and “God” are the same and not two separate entities cannot be found in any other religion in the world. However many Western thinkers consider that it is blasphemous to say “I am God”. There is a world of difference between ‘Self is God’ and ‘I am God’ as can be seen from the following comparison chart.

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Self is God Myself is God Yourself is God Itself is God Ourselves is God Themselves is God

I am God I I I I I I

I am God You are not God because I am God! It is not God because I am God! You guys are not God because I am God! Those guys are not God because I am God!

Western thinkers failed to comprehend the essential difference between ‘I’ and ‘Self’ (Aham in Sanskrit). They failed to realize the narrowness of the term ‘I’ and the broad meaning of the term ‘Self’. Shankaracharya taught us that all living and non-living things; myself, himself, herself, and itself are identical with God with the simple statement “Aham Brahmasmi”. Science is still searching for a Unified Theory that Albert Einstein was not able to discover in his life-time. Hindu Religion on the other hand has already discovered a unifying philosophi-

cal theory in ‘Aham Brahmasmi’. This marvelous philosophical concept still remains a “Diamond in the Rough” since very few religious scholars around the world have accepted this marvelous concept for its full potential. Perhaps India must produce more Vivekanandas and Chinmayas who may be able to cut and polish these diamonds for the benefit of all mankind. R.K.Nair Manchester, Connecticut June 8, 2016

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Like the summer We change Like the summer We are free Like the summer There are storms Like the summer There is the sun And I was just another summer We had fun and hung out We had let go and let loose I wasn’t thinking And neither were you

By Kavya Kavanakudy ○

Summer made us crazy Summer made us wild We risked everything To feel on top of the clouds But just like in autumn When leaves fall Everything came tearing down One by one Summer memories fade And reality returns My mind is finally clear From the hangover of last summer Like the summer Everything is new Like the summer Everything is hazy Like the summer It has to end Like the summer It all has to go I guess I’ll always be just another summer

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oga the very word radiates peace and tranquility. The word yoga is derived from the Sanskrit word `Yuj’ which essentially means to join or unite. Born in India almost 26,000 years ago, Yoga is believed to have evolved during the period of the `Sat Yuga’, also called the Golden Age. This period became known as a time of everlasting peace and abundant blessing, filled with seekers of the `Eternal Truth’. It was not until the discovery of the IndusValley civilization, knowledge about the origin of Yoga surfaced. Excavations give evidence of Yoga’s existence during this period. In fact, it was the Aryans migrating from the North West, who were instrumental in discovering Yoga. The true essence of yoga revolves around elevating the life force or `Kundalini’ at the base of the spine. Yoga is not a religion; it is a way of living with the aim “a healthy mind in a healthy body.’’ Man is a physical, spiritual, and mental being and yoga helps to promote a balanced development of all the three. Yogic exercises recharge the body with cosmic energy and facilities: Attainment of perfect equilibrium and harmony. Promote self-healing. Removes negative blocks from the mind and toxins from the body. Enhance personal power and sexual drive. Increases self-awareness. Reduces stress.

The art of practicing yoga helps in controlling an individual’s mind and mental disciplines to achieve a peaceful body and mind; it helps

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to manage stress and anxiety and keeps you relaxing. It also help in increasing flexibility, muscle strength, and body tone. It improves respiration, energy, and vitality.

to the practitioner’s age and ailment. One also has to give up bad habits like, addiction to alcohol, drugs, smoking, etc.

The Upanishads, the Mahabharata, including the Bhagavadgita, Jainism and Budhism accept yogic practices.Yoga is a methodical effort to attain perfection through the control of the different elements of human nature-physical, mental, and spiritual. On the physical side, there are asanas, kriyas, bandhs, and pranayams besides the mudras. The spiritual aspect is basically the control of the mind and selfdevelopment, but also with direct control of the inner energy, that is, pranayam. Pranayam is one of the most important features of yoga. This is mainly the regulation of `breath’ when one inhales air from one part of the nose and exhales it from the other. Swami Guru Ramdev claims that a regular practice of pranayam can prevent and cure fatal disease like cancer, heart ailments, diabetes, blood pressure, liver disorders and series of gynecological problems. Today, yoga has evolved almost as an alternative system of medicine.

Meditation, when practiced along with yoga, enhances our concentration and relaxes the mind. One of the most effective aids to spiritual progress is to hold one’s attention calmly at the point between the eyebrows. Modern neuroscience has revealed that when one’s energy and attention are strongly focused in the forebrain. While meditating, one must sit at straight or in a yoga posture, should have his/her eyes closed. All great philosophers like, Buddha, Mahavir, Ramakrishna Paramhansha emphasized on the practice of meditation for the purification of mind. Different forms of yoga have been described over the ages. For instance `Hatha Yoga’ leads to reintegration of our soul through the control of the body and vital energies, especially the breath. This `Hatha Yoga’ is also used in performing traditional dance and music.Yoga can be considered as a panacea for innumerable ailments. It can strengthen our body and provide immense mental power and stability. It can virtually awaken a new consciousness in a person and mould his/her entire personality.

The best time for a yoga schedule and pranayam is early morning. One can enjoy the fresh air, full of oxygen during this period. The surroundings are conducive for yoga and meditation as it is generally quite and peaceful in the morning. The yoga realizes that our body has a dignity of its own as much as the mind. Asana or posture, is a physical help for concentration, requires utmost dedication and discipline. Diffrent kinds of asanas are Padmasana, Trilokasana, Shalabhasana, Bhujangasan, Dhanurasana, Halasana, Sarvangasana, Chakrasana, Vajrasana, and Shavasana. Diet should be controlled according

Yoga has no barriers of age, caste, religion or sex. Yoga is universal. The birth place of Yoga may be India, but it is for all, irrespective of religion, gender, nationality and language. It is meant to improve health and spread happiness. The ultimate goal of yoga is to help the individual to transcend the self and attain enlightenment. As the Bhagavadgita says, ``A person is said to have achieved yoga, the union with the self, when the perfectly disciplined mind gets freedom from all desires, and becomes absorbed in the self alone.’’

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Biwk-I-tfmsS \nß-fpsS taml≥ amhp-¶¬

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At your feet lies our throne Your happiness is our utmost goal We live to fulfill your dreams and hopes As good children should The rain of your sorrow clouds our day We cannot stand to see your pain Much less be the source of it You who gave us life Your honor is our honor too Likewise, the opposite is also true We won’t denounce your name with lies Nor taint it with blame or failure. We love you as we love life We seek your blessing in all we do We knelt and clasp your feet, asking you To give us just that one other gift: your consent. You are as perfect as God himself As venerable and saintly— wise Our teacher and our savior, too You are always beautiful in our eyes

Anagha Rama Varma

You do all for our own good Your love for us is deep and true We live for you as you for us Your wish is our command We’ll fight always in your defense And our love for you will stretch through eternityYou who gave us life.

ssIcfn 52 kph-\oÀ 2016

ssIcfn 000 kph-\oÀ 2016

hp-ambn _‘-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ apJy IÆn-bmbn amdn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. bYm¿∞ am[ya {]h¿Ø- I - t cm- S v Hc¿∞-Øn¬ \mw IS-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. ssZ\wZn\ Pohn-X-Øn¬ \nXm¥ Pm{K-X-tbmsS Ah¿ ap∂n- s e- Ø n- ° p∂ hm¿Ø- I ƒ A⁄X-bm¬ CcpfS™ a\- p-I-fn¬ Xncn®-dn-hns‚ t\cnb sh´w ]I-cp-∂-Xn\v..... kaql-Øn¬ aqSn-sh-bv°s - ∏-Sp∂ kXysØ Im´nØ-cp-hm≥ \nc-¥cw {ian-°p-∂-Xn-\v... AgnaXn-bp-tSbpw ]£-]m-X-Øn-t‚bpw hnIrX apJw Xpd-∂p-Im-´p-∂-Xn-\v... Aic-W-cp-sSbpw ]m¿iz-h¬°-cn-°-s∏-´-h-cp-Sbpw tcmZ-\-߃ s]mXp-k-a-£Øns‚ {i≤-bn¬s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xn\v..... Cßs\ \nXm¥ Pm{K-X-tbmsS ]pdw temI-Øn-te°v Ah¿ Xpd-∂n-Sp∂ Pme-Iß - fn-eqsS tImSn-°-W-°n-\m-fp-Iƒ _mly-temIsØ Adnbp-∂p. F{Xtbm Ipw`-tIm-W-ßfp-sSbpw a\p-jym-h-Im-i-[zw-k-\-ß-fp-tSbpw ]pd-Inse sR´n-°p∂ kXy-ß-fmWv Ah¿ s]mXp-k-aq-l-Øns‚ ap∂n-se-Øn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv. C∂sØ kmwk-Im-cnI tIc-f-Øns‚ kaq-l-a-\ v cq]-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn¬ ]{X-apƒs∏sS-bp-ff am[y-a-߃ \n¿Æm-bI ]¶p hln®n-´p-≠v. X߃ \njv]£cpw ap≥hn-[n-Iƒ C√mØ-h-cm-sW∂pw Hcp ]{Xtam Nm\tem AhIm-i-s∏-´m¬ AXv ]q¿Æ-ambn hnizm-kØn-se-Sp-°m-\m-hn-√. I®-h-S-°-Æp≈ apXemfn hyh-ÿ-bpsS \nb-{¥W hnt[-b-ambmWv ]e ]{X- ˛ - N m- \ ¬ ÿm]- \ - ß fpw {]h¿Øn-°p-∂-Xv. aqe-[\w kwc-£n-°m≥

s]m-Xp-k-aq-l-Øse _lp-`q-cn-]-£hpw ]{Xhm-b\ Hgphm-°m-\m-hmØ Hcp {]`m-X-io-e-ambn am‰n-b-h-cm-Wv. Ahcmcpw ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-Itcm sF—n-I-ambn tP¿Wenkw ]Tn-®-htcm Bbncn°n-√. ChcpsS ASpØ kplrØp-°-tfm -_-‘p°tfm am[y-a-{]-h¿Ø-I-cm-bn-cn-°-W-sa-∂p-an-√. F¶nepw ssZwZn\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ `mK-am-Ip-hm\pw Ahcp- s S Nn¥- I ƒ°v Xncn- s Im- f p- Ø p- h m\pw hm¿Øm- a m- [ y- a - ß ƒ°m- I p- ∂ p- ≠ v . C∂v ]{Xßtfm-sSm∏w hm¿Øm Nm\-ep-Ifpw ]pdw-tem-IssIcfn 55 kph-\oÀ 2016

hn]-W-\-aq-ey-ap≈ hm¿Ø-Iƒ Ahiy-ambn hcp∂p. IrXy-amb cmjv{So-b, kmaq-Zm-bn-I-]-£w ]nSn°-ep-Iƒ Chcn¬ ]e¿°p-ap-≠v. ]c-ky-Zm-Xm-°ƒ ]e- t ∏mgpw kwc- £ n- ° - s ∏- S m- d p- a p≠v . AXn\v km[m-cW ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-Isc Fßs\-bmWv Ip‰s∏-Sp-Øm-\m-hp-I. ]{X-߃ Fs¥gp-X-W-sa∂v km[m-cW ]{X dnt∏m¿´d-√ \n›bn-°p-∂-sX∂v B¿°mW- d n- b m- Ø Xv? AXpsIm- ≠ vXs∂ A®Sn®p hcp∂ hm¿Ø-I-fnse s\√pw ]Xncpw Xncn-°m≥ {]_p-≤-cmb hmb-\-°m¿°v Ign-b-Ww.

hm¿Ø- I - f n¬ \nd- b p∂ Hmtcm ]Z- Ø nepw Hfn∏n®p shbv°p∂ cmjv{So-bsØ Xncn-®-dn-bm\m- h - W w. ]e- t ∏mgpw hkv X p- \ n- j v T m- ] - c - a mbn hm¿Ø-Isf A]{K-Yn-°p-hm≥ Znh-khpw c≠n-e[nIw h¿Ø- a m- \ - ] - { X- ß ƒ hmbn- ° p- I tbm hm¿Øm Nm\- e p- I ƒ ImWp- I tbm sNtø≠ ÿnXn-bm-Wn-∂p-≈-Xv. F√m taJ-e-I-fn-ep-ap≈ A]N-b-Øns‚ {]Xn-^-e\w am[y-a-cw-K-Øp-ap-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. ]et∏mgpw cmjv{So-b-cw-KsØ kplr-Xv he-b-ØneqsS Iui-e-]q¿Δw ASn®p am‰p∂ cmjv{Sob D]Pm-]-ßfpw {Kq∏v t]mcp-Ifpw hm¿Ø-I-fmbn am‰-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wv. cl-ky-kz-`m-h-ap≈ Imcy-߃ tNm¿Øp- ∂ - X mWv hm¿Ø F∂ ]pXnb hymJym\w cq]-s∏-´n-´p≠v. CXn¬ Nneh cq]w sIm≈p-∂Xv Xs∂ am\-knI D√mk-Øn\p th≠nbm-W∂v tXm∂m-dp-≠v. hnc-f-am-sb-¶nepw ]c-ky߃ hm¿-Ø-I-fmbn amdp∂ {]h-W-Xbpw {i-≤bn¬s∏-Sm-dp-≠v. cmj-{Sob {]h¿Ø-I-cpsS ktμi-hm-l-I-cmbn ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-I¿ amdp-∂-Xmbpw ]W-Øn\p th≠n-bp≈ hm¿Ø-Iƒ (Paid News) krjvSn-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - mbpw Btcm]Ww Dbcm-dp-≠v.

]pd-Øp-h-cp∂ ]e hm¿Ø-Ifpw ‘am[y-a-kr-jvSn-’ bmbn Icp-Xp∂ am[ya hna¿i-I-cp-ap-≠v. {]i-kvX-cpsS kzIm-cy-Xbpw Pohn-X-ssien-bp-sams° \ndw ]nSn® hm¿Ø-bm-hp-tºmƒ km[m-cW - ° - m-cpsS Zp -la - mb Pohn-Xm-hÿ ]et∏mgpw N¿®-bm-Ip-∂n√ F∂Xv hkvXp-X-bm-Wv. ]{X- k zm- X {¥yw Zp¿hn- \ n- t bmKw sNø- s ∏- S p∂pt≠m F∂p Bfl]-cn-tim-[\ sNøm≥ ]{X{]-h¿Ø-I¿ Xøm-dm-tI-≠-Xp-≠v. aqeym-[n-jvTnX am[ya {]h¿Ø-\-Øn\v If¶w hcp-Øp∂ kw`h-߃ Xo¿®-bmbpw a‰p am[y-a-{]h¿Ø-I-cpsS XymK-]q¿Æ-amb ]cn{i-a-ß-fpsS \ndw sISp-Øp-∂p. ]t£ ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-Isc ImS-S®p hna¿in- ° p- ∂ - h ¿ kaq- l - Ø ns‚ Po¿Æ- X bv ° pw A]N- b - ß ƒ°pw FXnsc \nkzm¿∞-ambn ]S-s]m-cpXnb {]Xn- ` - m im- e n- I - f mb ]{X- { ]h¿Ø-Isc hnkvacn-°-cp-Xv. shfn®w ImWm-Xn-cp∂ F{Xtbm Agna-XnIfpw ]oU-\-I-Y-Ifpw a\p-jm-h-Imi {]iv\-ßfpw kaq-l-Øns‚ ap∂n-seØn- ° m≥ Ah¿°m- b n. am[y- a - { ]h¿Ø\w amdnb kmaq-ly- km-l-Ncy-ß-fn¬ G‰hpw A]I-Shpw sh√phn-fnbpw \nd™ tPmen-bm-Wv. temI-Øm-I-am\w F{Xtbm am[ya {]h¿Ø-Ic - mWv Ahcp-sS IrXy\n¿h-l-W-Øn-\n-S-bn¬ sIm√-s∏-Sp-Ibpw B{Ian°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xv. kvt^mS-Imfl-I-amb A]I-S-k-Y-e-Øp-\n∂pw BfpIƒ NnX-dn-tbm-Sptºmƒ AXns‚ ImcWw tXSn Atßmt´m-Sn-b-Sp°p∂ am[ya kplr-Øp-°sf F{X «mJn-®memWv aXn-bm-hp-I. dnt∏m¿t´gv k v hnØu´v t_m¿tUgv k v (RWF) F∂ km¿Δ-tZiob kwL-S\ kao-]-ImeØv ]pd-Øn-d-°nb hm¿jnI dnt∏m¿´-\p-k-cn®v 2015˛¬ Xs∂ 110 ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-I¿ h[n-°-s∏-´n´p≠v. Cu sXmgn¬ taJe A\p`-hn-°p∂ sh√phn- f n- I - s f- ° p- d n®pw am[y- a - { ]- h ¿Ø- I - t cmSv s]mXpsh Db¿∂p hcp∂ Akln-jvWp-Xs - b-°pdn®pw Cu dnt∏m¿´v hni-Z-ambn {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p-∂p. Atacn-°bnse Icn-b¿ImÃv F∂ ÿm]\w \SØnb ]T-\-dn-t∏m¿´-\p-k-cn®v hfsc tami-s∏´ sXmgn-em-bmWv ]{X-{]-h¿Ø\w IW-°m-°s∏-Sp∂-Xv. am\-kn-I-]n-cn-ap-d°w, tPmen kml-Ncyw, thX\w XpS-ßnb ]e LS-I-ßsf ASnÿm-\am-°n-bmWv Cu ]´nI Xøm-dm-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

ssIcfn 57 kph-\oÀ 2016

Normandy Wine & Spirit (New Location) 8492 Baltimore National Pike, Unit 100 Ellicott City, MD - 21043 410 - 461 - 6300 Store Hours: Monday - Thursday : 9am to 9pm Friday - Saturday : 9am to 9.30pm, Sunday : 10am to 8pm

Lottary Super Agent + : Cash Up to $5000 Winning Tickets Lottary Agent = upto $5000

20% OFF all 750ml. Wine Exclussive Sale ( Minimum Purchase 3 bottle ) EVERY DAY SALES Johnnie Walker Double Glenlivit- 12 years

Red Black black

1.75L - $29.99 1.75L - $56.99 750 ml - $27.99 1.75L - $77.99

15 years Glenfiddich 12 years 15 years Hennessy Crown Royal Chivas Regal Svedka Vodka All Smirnoff Absolut Vodka Pinnacle Vodka Skyy (Vodka) Jameson Irish Whiskey Jack Daniel Bacardi Rum Captain Morgan E&J Brands VS E&J Brandy VSOP

1.75L - $79.99 750ml- $54.99 1.75 L- $62.99 1.75L - $39.99 1.75L - $52.99 1.75 L- $16.99 1.75L- $17.99 1.75L- $27.99 1.75L- $14.99 1.75L- $19.99 1.75L- $39.99 1.75L- $37.99 1.75L- $19.99 1.75L- $21.99 1.75L- $17.99 1.75L- $19.99

/ 750 ml - $19.99 / 750 ml - $26.99 / 750 ml - $39.99 750 ml - $42.99 / 750 ml - $39.99 750ml- $26.99 / 750 ml - $22.99 / 750 ml - $24.99

25% OFF 12 Bottle 750ml. Wine purchase

Largest Selection of Korean Soju/Makkoli! Everyday 30 pk Beer low Price! *Sale price subject to change based on fair market price.

Cu ÿm]\w ]pd-Øp-hn´ F‰hpw tami-s∏´ ]Øv sXmgn-ep-I-fpsS ]´n-I-bn¬ A©ma-tØ-XmWn-Xv. AXpsIm-≠p-Xs∂ ]pdØv ImWp∂ ]Ins´m∂pw bYm¿∞ am[ya {]h¿Ø-\Ø - n-\n-s√∂p a\- n-em-°mw. Hmtcm h¿jhpw h¿≤n-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ A®Sn-˛-Zriy am[y-a-߃°n-S-bn¬ H´pw BtcmKyI-c-a-√mØ a’cw apdp-In-b-t∏mƒ Hmtcm aWn-°qdnepw hn¬∏\ aqey-ap≈ hm¿Ø-Iƒ tXSn-∏n-Sn°m≥ s\s´m-´-tam-Sp-I-bmWv am[y-a-{]-h¿Ø-I¿. Cßs\ Is≠-Øp∂ hm¿Ø-If - nse kXym-hÿ Dd∏m- ° p- h m≥ Ah¿°p- X s∂ ]e- t ∏mgpw Bhp∂n-√. X߃°v ]q¿Æ-t_m-≤y-an-√mØ Adnhp-Iƒ hm¿Ø-I-fmbn amdn-s√∂v \njvI¿jnt°≠-Xp-≠v. hf¿∂ kmt¶-XnI hnZy-bn-eqsS X¬k-abw t{_°nwKv \yqkmbn Zriy-am-[y-a-ßfn-eqsS \nc-¥cw ]pdØp hcp∂ hm¿Ø-I-fpsS IrXy-Xbpw \njv]-£-Xbpw Xo¿®mbpw Dd∏m-°Ww. ]c-º-cm-KX am[y-a-{]-h¿Ø-\-Øn¬ {][m\ LS-I-ß-fmbn Icp-X-s∏-Sp∂ hnhc tiJ-cWw, hne-bn-cp-ج, hnX-cWw XpS-ßnbh ChnsS Hgnhm-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. kzmX-{¥y-Øn\pw kmaq-ly-\o-Xn°pw Du¿÷w ]I-cm≥ Bcw`n® hm¿Øm-[njvTnX ]{X-{]-h¿Ø\w _lpZqcw apt∂m´v t]mbn-cn-°p-∂p. C∂v km{º- Z m- b nI ]{X- { ]h¿Ø-\-Øn\v ]pXnb cq]hpw `mhhpw h∂n-cn-°p∂p. kn‰nk¨ tP¿enkw F∂dn-b-s∏Sp∂ ]¶m- f nØ ]{X- { ]h¿Ø\w ]pXnb hm¿Øm ssien°v hgn- X p- d - ∂ p. A\oXnbpw A{Ia-Whpw ]gb- I m- e - s Ø- t ∏mse aqSn- s h°m≥ km[n-°mØ Ahÿ

C∂v kwPm-X-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂Xv Bimhlw Xs∂. \oXn-\n-tj-[n-°-s∏-Sp∂ hgn-tbm-c-ß-fn¬ B Zriy-߃ ]I¿Øm≥ FhnsStbm Iyma-d-°Æp-Iƒ Hfn™n-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂ t_m[w s]mXpth DSse-Sp-Øn-cn-°p-∂p. ]m¿iz-h¬°-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂ ]e hm¿Ø-Ifpw tkmjy¬ aoUn-b-I-fn-eq-sSbpw a‰pw C∂v s]mXp-k-aq-l-Øns‚ apºn-se-Øp-∂p. km[m-c-W-°m¿°pw CXneqsS hm¿Ø-I-sf-°pdn®pw kw`-h-ß-sf-°p-dn®pw {]Xn-I-cn-°m-\m-Ip∂Xv Hcp t\´w Xs∂. ]t£ Cßs\ {]N-cn°p∂ hm¿Ø-I-fn¬ ]-eXpw am[ya [m¿Ωn-I-Xtbm, \n£v]-£-Xtbm ]pe¿ØmsX tIhew hy‡- l - X y- b mbn amdm- d p- ≠ v . hm¿Ø- I - f psS bYm¿∞ DdhnSw shfn-hm-°mØ CØcw hm¿ØI-fpsS hnizm-kyX hmb-\-°m¿ Xs∂ Dd∏m-t°≠n-h-cp-∂p. a‰p cwK-ß-sf-t∏mse Ip‰-ßfpw Ipd-hpIfpw am[y-a-cw-K-Øp-ap-s≠∂p kΩ-Xn-°p-tºmgpw amdnb kmaq- l y- c m- j v { Sob kml- N - c y- Ø n¬ cmjv{So-b-Øn-epw, kmaq-ly-Po-hn-X-Øn-epw, \oXn\ymb hyh-ÿb - nepw XpSßn F√m taJ-eI - fnepw _m[n® A]N-bhpw aqey-Nyp-Xnbpw Nq≠n-°m-´phm\pw AXv Xncp-Ø-s∏-Sp-hm\pw am[y-a-ß-fpsS Pm{KX FtXmcp kaq-l-Ønepw AXy¥m-t]-£nX- a m- W v . ]{X- a m- [ y- a - ß ƒ P\m- [ n- ] - X y- Ø n¬ \n¿Æm-b-I-am-Ip-∂Xpw AXpsIm-≠pX-s∂. Ah IÆ- S - ® m¬ \ni- _ v Z - a m- I p- ∂ Xv kaq- l - Ø nse ASn®-a¿Ø-s∏-´-h-cpsS i_vZ-am-Wv. am[y-a-ß-fn√mØ temIw AcmP-I-Xz-Øn-t‚bpw tkz—m-[n]-XyØn-t‚-Xp-am-bn-cn-°pw.

ssIcfn 59 kph-\oÀ 2016


tacn-°-bn¬ \n∂pw hkvXp kw_-‘-amb Bhiy-߃°mbn \m´n¬ h∂-XmWv Abmƒ. A∏≥ acn-®-Xn-\p-tijw AbmfpsS hkvXp-hI- I ƒ At\zjn- ° p- ∂ Xv ‘hniz- k v X - \ mb’ Nmt°m-bm-Wv. C\n IY XpSßp∂p. Ib‰w Ibdn sN√p-∂Xv d∫¿tØm-´Øn-te-°m-Wv. C\nbpw Hcp Intem-ao-‰-tdmfw am{Xta Imdn\v t]mIm-hp∂ hgn-bp-≈q. ]gb d∫¿ ac-ß-sfms° sh´n ]pXnb ssXIƒ \´ncn-°p-∂p. ssXa-c-ß-fn¬ Np‰n-∏-S-cp∂ tXm´-∏b¿ sh´n-am-‰p∂ tPmen-bn¬ G¿s∏´n-cp∂ Iqen°m¿ Imdns‚ Ccº¬ tI´v ]Wn \n¿Øn t\m°n \n∂p. ]meq-dn\v _kv k¿Δokv h∂Xp apX¬ AIse \n∂v hcp-∂-hcpw tXm´w apXem-fnbpw am{Xta km[m-cW Ctßm´v Imdn\v hcm-dp-≈q. ]s≠ms° F√mhcpw Ip∂p Ibdn s]cp-h-¥m\w hgn-bmWp bm{X sNbvXn-cp-∂-Xv. tdmUn\pw henb am‰-߃ h∂-cn-°p-∂p. tdmUns‚ hfhpw Xncnhpw, I√pw Ipgnbpw Hs° A∂v ImWm∏m-T-am-bn-cp-∂p. hnf°pw shfn®-hp-an-√msX F{Xtbm XhW CXnse t]mbn-cn-°p∂p. “shbn‰v sNøtWm, kmsd?” h≠n- b n¬ \n∂pw Cdßp-tºmƒ ss{Uh¿ Xnc°n. “thWw. IqSn-bm¬ c≠p aWn-°q¿,” Fb¿_mKv tXmfn¬ Xq°n \S∂p sIm≠v ]d™p.

amXyp sI. amXyp

Smdn´ tdmUv Xocp-∂n-SØv d∫¿ sh´p-Im¿°p≈ embhpw d∫¿]m¬ Dd°m\pw jo‰v ASn°m\pw, AXv DW°m-\p-ap≈ ]pI-∏p-cb - pam-Wv. AXn\p ]pd-In-embn Icn-ae tXmSv. tXmSv IS∂p thWw A°c-bp≈ ho´nse-Øm≥. tXmSn\p ]me-an-√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ ag-°m-eØv Po∏v am{Xta B hgn°v t]mIm-dp-≈q. Unkw-_¿ amk-am-bn´pw tXm´n¬ Hcp hn[w Hgp°p≠v. km[m--cW Cu ka-bØv sh≈w ImWp-∂-X-√.

ssIcfn 61 kph-\oÀ 2016

I√p-I-fn¬ Nhn´n shffw sXmSmsX A°sc IS°m-sa-¶nepw jqkv Ducn _mKn-en´v ]m‚ vkv Npcp°n h®v sh≈-Øn¬ Cdßn. lm, Fs¥mcp Ipfn¿a! sXfn- s h≈w Imens\ XgpIn ImX߃°-∏p-da - p≈ Ad_n-°S- ¬ tXSn HgpIn. tXm´n\-°sc ]S¿∂p ]qØp \n¬°p∂ Iq‰≥ \m´p-amhv. sh≈-Øn¬ AXns‚ IdpØ \ng-ep-Iƒ hnIrX-amb Nn{X-߃ hc-bv°p-∂Xv IuXp-I-]q¿Δw t\m°n \n∂p. bpKm-¥-c-ß-fmbn amhns‚ inJ-cß-fn¬ XmSn-aoi t]mse Xqßn-°n-S-°p∂ \nch[n tX\o-®-°q-´-߃, s]mSp-∂s\ Ime-l-c-Ws∏´ Hcp kw`hw a\- n¬ Npcpƒ \nh¿Øn. tXm´nse Hgp°n-s\m-∏w B ]gb Hm¿Ω-Iƒ sIm®n-bn-te°v HgpIn. ........................................................................................................... sIm®n-bn¬ tImtf-Pn¬ ]Tn-°p∂ Imew. {InkvXpa v ]co£ hymgmgvN D®°v Xo¿∂p. C\n ho´n¬ t]mImw. sh≈n-bmgvN t]mIm-\m-bn-cp∂p Xocp-am\-sa-¶nepw tIm´bw hsc Hcp kl-]mTn D≠mbncp-∂-Xn-\m¬ A∂v Xs∂ t]mIm-sa∂v Xocp-am-\n®p. c≠n-\p≈ tX°Sn ^mÃv In´n-bm¬ ho´n¬ IrXyw Bdc-s°Ømw. AYhm h≠n In´n-bn-s√¶n¬ tIm´bØv kplr-Øns‚ ho´n¬ Xßnbn´v cmhn-sesØ _ n\p t]mIp-Ibpw sNømw. _ n¬ Ib-dphm≥ \t∂ _p≤n-ap-´n. i_-cn-ae Xo¿Ym-S-I-cpsS _l-fw. tIm´-bØv sN∂mepw Ccn°p-hm≥ CSw In´p-I-bn-√t√m Ft∂m¿Øt∏mƒ t]mtc-≠n-bn-cp-∂n-√ F∂p tXm∂n. IpSpßnbpw BSnbpw D≈ B bm{X-bpsS Hm¿Ω C∂pw a\w aSp-∏n-°p-∂p. kplrØv tIm´-bØv Cdßn. `mKy-Øn\v Ccn°phm≥ “Aev ] w’ CSw Aø- ∏ ≥am¿ AUv P Ãv sNbvXp X∂p. kabw GXm≠v A©v aWn. ss{Uh¿ kma-´n¬ ]pdØv \n∂v _oUn ]pI-°p∂p. Ccp´p-∂-Xn\v apºv ho´n-seØm-\p≈ Xs‚ hy{KX Abmƒ Fßs\ Adnbpw?

tIƒ°m≥ ImØn-cn-∏mbn. IvWow.......... IvWow......... “t]mImw,” I≠-IvS-cpsS A\phmZw In´n-b-tXmsS _kv \nc-ßn-bn-dßn tdmUn¬ Ib-dn. _ ns‚ aμ-K-Xn-bn-ep≈ t]m°v I≠-t∏mƒ bm{X Hcp henb Xe-th-Z-\-bmbn amdn. h≠n s]m≥-Ip-∂Øv FØnb-t∏mƒ kabw Bdv aWn Ign-™n-cp-∂p... C\n H∂c aWn-°q-dn-\p-≈n¬ ho´nse-Øp-at√m F∂ Nn¥ Bizmkw \¬In. ]t£ Ac aWn-°q¿ Ign-™n´pw h≠n CfIp∂ e£W-an-√. A¥n shbnepw aßp-∂p. \ng-en\p \ofhpw IqSp∂p. bm{X-°m¿ A£a-cmbn XpS-ßn. “kzman icWw Aø∏ ic-Ww.” Aø∏ `‡cpw CfIn. ]ecpw h≠n-bn¬ \n∂pw Cdßn, Imcy-sa-¥m-sW-∂dnbphm≥. “Cu h≠n DSs\-sbm∂pw t]mIn-√. F©n≥ tISm- b n”. hn[- K vZm- t \z- j Ww Ign ™p h∂ Hcp hnZzm≥ ]d-™p. C\nbn-t∏mƒ F¥v sNøpw? BI∏msS ]c-th-iw. Fßs\ X\nsb Ccp´n¬ apØ≥ NØ ]mdbpw IS∂v ho´n-te°v \S°pw F∂ Nn¥ a\- n-s\bpw icoc-sØbpw BsI Xf¿Øn. ]pd-Øn-dßn Hcp ]m°‰v hn¬kpw tkmUbpw hmßn. tkmU IpSn®-t∏mƒ Aev]w Bizmkw tXm∂n. kabw Bdc. kqcy\pw Akv X an- ® p. t\cw Ccp´nØpS-ßn. \nc-Øp-hn-f-°p-Ifpw sXfn™p.

_oUn- ° p‰n H∂pc≠p IqSn B™p hen-®n´v ss{Uh¿ h≠nbn¬ Ib-dn. Fb¿ tlmWv apg°n-bn´v ]pd-In-en-cn-°p∂ bm{X°m-sc, {]tXy-In®v kv{XoIsf t\m°n aμ- l - k n- ® p. ]ns∂ Abmƒ I≠-IvS-cpsS aWn-bSn

ssIcfn 63 kph-\oÀ 2016

Np‰pw t\m°n. Ing-t°m-´p≈ h≠n-I-sfm∂pw ImWp-∂p-an-√. _kv Ãm≥Un¬ bm{X-°mcpw Ipd™p. CXn\Iw _ n-\p-≈nepw ]pdØpw Nn√n°m-in-\mbn a√-Sn-®n-cp∂ ]n®-°mcpw I®-h-S°mcpw FhnsS? “c≠p Xncnbpw Hcp Xos∏-´nbpw IqSn Xt∂-°v.” “Ftßm´m?” cm{Xnsb t\cn-Sm-\p≈ Xs‚ Xømsd-Sp∏v I≠n-´mhmw IS-°m-c≥ tNmZn-®p. “s]cp-h-¥m\w” “HSs\ D∏pX-d-°p≈ sImt≠mSn H≠v,” _m°n ss]k Xcp-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ Abmƒ ]d-™p.

D®Øn¬ sNm√n t\m°n. ]t£ Xncn ]ns∂bpw sI´p t]mbn. Xos∏-´n-s°m-≈n-Iƒ Ht∂m ct≠m am{Xw Ahti- j n- ® p. apØ≥ N- Ø - ]m- d bpw ASp°m-dm-bn. F¥v sNøpw? IÆp-a-S®p ASpØv I≠ I√n¬ Ccp∂p. F{X t\cw Aßs\ Ccn°pw? Btcm \S-∂-Sp-°p∂ kzcw tIƒ-°p-∂p. AXv

F´p aWn-bm-bn-°mWpw s]cp-h-¥m-\-Øn-d-ßptºmƒ. Np‰p-]mSpw t\m°n. hnP-\-amb tdmUv. Hcp sXcphv hnf-°ns‚ Ac≠ {]Im-i-a-√msX as‰mcp shfn-®hpw B {]tZ-iØv I≠n-√. sagp-Ip-Xncn FSpØv IØn-®p. ae-tbm-c-°m‰v sagp-Ip-Xn-cnsb CSX-Sh - n-√msX Atemk-cs - ∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂p. knc-I-fn¬ Ft∂m tI´p-a-d∂ t{]X-I-Y-I-fpsS Hm¿Ω-Ifpw sN≠ sIm´p∂p. CSXp ssIbpsS hnc-ep-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ Xncn ]nSn®p \S-∂p. ap∂n-ep≈-sXms° Hcp hn[w Xncn-sh-´-Øn¬ ImWm-sa∂m-bn. sabn≥ tdmUn¬ \n∂pw Xncn™v d∫¿ tXm´Øn-eq-sS-bp-ff tdmUpw IS∂p sNº≥ Ip∂n-dßn thWw t]mIm≥. sN¶p-Ømb ae-bpsS amdn-eqsS hf-™p Xncn™p t]mIp∂ tXmSn-s\-t∏mepw tXm¬∏n-°p∂ Xc-Øn-ep≈ tdmUv. Imep-Iƒ I√n¬ X´m-sXbpw ap´m-sXbpw \S-°pI ZpjvIcw Xs∂. tdmUn\p apI-fnepw Xmsgbpw Ccpf-S™ d∫¿°m-Sv. d∫¿°m-´n¬ Nqfw IpØp∂ ae-¶m‰v. Im‰n¬ ssI s]m≈msX Xncn ]nSn-°p-hm≥ \t∂ _p≤n-ap-´n. Hcp d∫¿ ac-Øns‚ Nph-´n¬ \n∂pw Nnc´ FSpØv sagp- I p- X ncn AXn¬ tN¿Øp ]nSn-®-t∏mƒ {]Imiw IÆn-e-Sn-°msX ap∂n-ep-≈-sX√mw hy‡-ambn I≠p sIm≠v \S°m-sa-∂m-bn. F∂m¬ \S-°p-t¥mdpw Im‰ns‚ ieyw IqSn-IqSn h∂p. HSphn¬ Im‰v Pbn-®p. Xncn sI´p. Np‰pw ItÆm- S n- ® p. H∂pw hy‡- a mbn ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. Ipsd t\cw Im‰v IS∂p t]mIm-\mbn \n∂p. ho≠p Xncn IØn-°p-hm≥ Xos∏-´n-s°m-≈n-Iƒ Ipsd sNe-hm-bn. BsI∏msS Hcp sh{]m-fw. hnb¿Øv j¿´v \\™p Ipfn-®p. t]Sn ]nSn-Iq-SmXn- c n- ° p- h m≥ Adnbm- h p∂ {]m¿∞- \ - I ƒ

Imt‰m AtXm a\p-jyt\m? AtXm...? A√m, Btcm hcp-∂p-≠-t√m. Fs∂ I≠n-´mhpw \S∂p h∂-bmƒ \S∏v \n¿Øn. Ccp´n¬ H∂pw hy‡-a√. Rm\msI ]cn- { `- a n- ® p. Fs‚ s\©n- S n∏v Abmƒ tIƒ°p-∂pt≠m? Hcp hn[-Øn¬ Xncn IØn-®p. Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn®p Xncn sh´-Øn¬ h∂bmsf t\m°n. “Bcm?,” ss[cyw kw`-cn®v Rm≥ Dds° tNmZn®p. “Rm\m sh´p-Im-c≥ ]m°-c≥,” h∂-bmƒ ]cn-Nb-s∏-Sp-Øn. “Blm, Cbmsfs∂ t]Sn-∏n®p If-™t√m!” “CsX∂m Cu cm{Xoev?” “Mvlm, s]m≥Ip-∂Øv FØnb-t∏mƒ h≠n tISmbn.” Im‰p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n´pw sagp-Ip-Xncn AWbmsX \n∂p. CS°nsS No™ d∫¿]m-ens‚ K‘w

ssIcfn 65 kph-\oÀ 2016

ASn°p-∂p. Ch\v Ipfnbpw P]hpw H∂pant√? ]n∂mse \S-°p-∂-Xn-\nsS ]m°-c≥ AXpanXpw ]d-™p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. hoS-Sp-Ø-t∏mƒ Abmƒ AbmfpsS hgn°v t]mbn. ]m°-cs\ Iq´n\v In´nbXv ssZhm-\p-{Klw F∂v tXm∂n. apØ≥ NØ ]md IS∂p t]m∂Xv Adn™-tX-bn-√!. Fs‚ hchv A∂v Bcpw {]Xo-£n-®n-cp-∂n-√. `£Ww Ign-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ h≠n tISm-bXpw ]m°-cs\ Iq´n\p In´n-bXpw AΩtbmSv hnh-cn®p.

Ah≥... Ahs‚ kabw Bbn... A√msX F¥v ]d-bm≥... saSn° {SÃn HcmgvN sIS-∂p.”.. tKm]m-e≥ ]ns∂bpw Fs¥m°tbm ]d™p sIm≠n-cp-∂p. “A√m, sh≈-Øn-Øs∂ \n°phm? Btcm tNmZn°p-∂p. sR´n-t∏m-bn. Xncn™p t\m°n-b-t∏mƒ \n¬°p-∂p, Ab¬°m-c≥ Ipt™∏v tN´≥. “Ipt™∏v tN´≥ Fs∂ t]Sn-∏n®p If-™t√m!”

“GXv ]m°- c ≥?,” AΩ BImw£- t bmsS Bcm™p. “\ΩpsS d∫¿ sh´p-Im-c≥ ]m°-c≥. A√mXmcm.” kw`m-jWw {i≤n® A∏≥ ]d-™p. “\o C\n InS-s∂m-d-ßv. \ap°v \msf kwkm-cn-°mw.” cmhnse FWo‰-t∏mƒ kabw F´p Ign-™n-cp∂p. Hcp knK-c‰v hen-°-Ww. t\sc d∫¿tØm-´Øn-te°v \S-∂p. tXm´-Øn¬ c≠p t]¿ Sm∏v sNøp-∂p. ]s£ ]m°-cs\ AhnsS I≠n-√. “]m°-c≥ FhnsS?” Rm≥ tKm]m-e-t\mSv tNmZn®p. “AΩ H∂pw ]d-™nt√?” tKm]m-e≥ ktμ-ltØmsS Bcm™p. “Mpw?” Rm≥ tKm]m-es\ kwi-b] - q¿Δw t\m°n. tKm]m-e≥ H∂pw an≠msX \n∂p. ]ns∂ Hcp knK-c‰v thW-sa∂v BwKyw Im´n. hnd-°p∂ ssIsIm≠v knK-sc-‰n¬ Xo ]nSn-∏n-°phm≥ Abmƒ \t∂ _p≤n- a p- ´ n. Hcp ]pI FSpØn´v kmh[m\w Abmƒ ]d™p XpS-ßn. “Ipt™, Ah≥ t]m...-t]m-bn... tXs\-Sp-°m≥ tXm´-cnIn \o°p∂ amh-t°-dnXm. “\odp≈ amht√? ]nSn hn´v h∂p hoWXv ]mds°-´n¬... Rm≥ ]e XhW hne-°n-b-Xm.... Ah≥ tI´n-√..”

“h≠osS H® tI´-t∏mtg tXm∂n \obm-cn-°q-∂v.” Abmƒ sh‰n-e-°d ]nSn® c≠v ]√p-Iƒ Im´n Ipep-ßn-®n-cn-®p. ho´n¬ Bcpw Ds≠∂p tXm∂p-∂n-√. As√¶n¬ h≠n h∂p \n∂-t∏mƒ Nmt°m Cdßn htc-≠Xm-bn-cp-∂p. Ah≥ thsd ]Wn-sbms° sNbvXp \S-°p-∂p-sh∂pw tI´p. “GXmbmepw Rm\pw hoSv hsc hcmw. \nß-sfsbms° C\n F∂m ImWm≥ In´zm?” Ipt™∏v tN´≥ IqsS IqSm-\p≈ Hcp°w. Ipd™Xv \qdp cq]m t]mbXv Xs∂. “_mKv Cßp Xt∂-sc, Rm≥ ]nSn-°mw”. Abmƒ ]nSn apdp-°p-∂p. “th≠, tN´≥ lm¿´v tISm-bn-cn-°p∂ Bfs√,”

ssIcfn 67 kph-\oÀ 2016

Abmsf \ncp¬km-l-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥ Hcp hn^-e{iaw \SØn t\m°n.

ASpØp h∂p. c≠v h¿jw apºv I≠-Xns‚ Hm¿Ω Ah≥ \jvS-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´n-√.

hosS-Øp-thmfw Abmƒ Hmtcm tNmZy-߃ tNmZn®v ieyw sNbvXp sIm≠n-cp-∂p. Atacn-°bn¬ Im°-bp-t≠m, sImXp-Ip-t≠m, X\n®p hcm\p-ff ImcWw, tPmen, iº-fw, _mKn-\I - Øv Ip∏n Dt≠m ?

Nmt°m-tbmSv IW°pw Imcy-ßfpw tNmZn-°-Ww. Ipsd \mfmbn Ah≥ hni-Z-ambn IW-°p-°ƒ G¬]n®n-´v. hoSpw ]cn-k-chpw Nqepw Xqºmbpw I≠n´v \mfp-I-fm-bn. ]p√pw h≈nbpw Ipi-embn hf- c p- ∂ p, ap‰Øv t]mepw Chs‚ sXmgn¬ At∏mƒ F¥mWv?

ho´v ap‰Øv FØp∂-Xn\p apºv Xs∂ Ime-s\°-≠Xv t]mse \mb Hmen CSp∂Xv tI´v XpSßn. ap‰-sØ-Øn-b-t∏mƒ ip\-I≥ ]cn-]mSn ]d-ºnte°v am‰n. ho´n-¬ Btcbpw I≠n-√. hcp∂ hnh-cw Bscbpw Adnbn-®n-cp-∂n-√. Nmt°m-bpsS `mcytbm Ip´n-Itfm ImWp-sa-∂mWv hnNm-cn-®-Xv. C\n ImØn-cn-°p-I. A√msX F¥v sNøp.? “Rm≥ t]mbn Ahs\ ]d™p hnSmw. ItS-seßm\p Ccp∂v No´v Ifn-°m-cn-°pw,” Ipt™∏v tN´≥ klm-b-lkvXw \o´n. “icn F\n°v C∂v t]mtI-≠-Xm. Ahs‚ IqsS IqSn-tb-°-cp-Xv.” “F\n°n-®ncn Imiv thW-am-bn-cp-∂p. N¶n\-IØv ]gp- ∏ p- s ≠∂m UmIv S ¿ ]d- ™ - X v . Ign™ {]mhiyw X∂ Imiv HØncn D]I-cn-®p.” s\©pw XS-hn-s°m≠v Abmƒ {]Xo-£-tbmsS t\m°n \n∂p. Cbmsf-s°m≠v tXm‰p. ssIbn-emsI A™qdv cq]-bmWp≈Xv. Imdns‚ Iqen Xs∂ A{Xbpw hcpw. “Fs‚ ssIbn¬ cq]m FSp°m-\n-√t√m tN´m.” Rm≥ Hgn™p amdm≥ {ian-®p. “cq^m Bbn´v thW-sa-∂n-√. tUmf-td¬ HscÆw X∂mepw aXn.” Ipt™∏v tN´≥ {]iv\Ø - n\v ]cnlmcw Is≠-Øn. “CXv BbncØn aq∂qdv cq]-bp≠v. “ Ccp]Xns‚ Hcp _ns√-SpØv sImSp-Øn´v ]d-™p. “Rm≥ CsXmcn-°epw ad-°n-√”. ssZhw Xcpw. Abmƒ Imipw hmßn \S-∂-I-∂p. hcm¥ BsI s]m´n-s∏m-fn™p s]mSn ]nSn®p InS°p-∂p. s]mSn X´n am‰n Aca-Xn-ense XqWpw Nmcn Ccp∂p. Ipc®p Iqhn \S∂ ]´n hmepw B´n

Imdns‚ tlmWSn tI´v Dd°-Øn¬ \ns∂∂ t]mse sR´n. hm®n¬ t\m°n. kabw A©v Ign™n-cn-°p-∂p. t\m°m≥ t]mb ]p≈nbpw apßnsb∂p tXm∂p-∂p. ]´n Xe-bp-b¿Øn hgn-bn-te°v {i≤ Xncn-®p. Btcm hcp-∂p-s≠∂v Ah≥ Adn™n-cn-°p-∂p. izm\≥ NmSn-tb-gp-t∂-‰p. ap‰-Øc - p-In¬ \n∂v hmem´n. Xe- b n¬ Nm°p- s I- ´ p- a mbn Ibdn h∂ Nmt°msb h´-an´v Ah≥ IqØm-Sn. “km¿ Ccp∂p aSp-Øm-bn-cn-°pw. Ado®n-cp-t∂¬ Rm\n-hnsS It≠-t\w”, Nmt°m ]cn-`-h-s∏-´p. “ItS-en-cp-∂∏w h≠n t]mcp-∂Xv I≠p. kmdmsW∂v I≠- Ø nse h¿°n ]d- b p- t ºmgm Ados∂”. Nm°v sI´v Xmsg h®n´v Nmt°m t]m°-‰n¬ \n∂pw Xmt°m-se-SpØv IXIp Xpd∂p. “Id‚n-√,” sse‰ns‚ kzn®v HmWv sNbvXn´v H∂pw kw`-hn-°mØ a´n¬ Nmt°m t\m°n \n∂p. “Mvlm, kmdn-tßm´v tIdn Ccn°v. Rm\ev]w Im∏n CSs´,” s]mSn-X´n Hcp Itkc hcm-¥-bn¬ h®n´v Abmƒ ASp°-f-bn-te°v Ib-dn. “\ns∂ hnfn-°m≥ Rm≥ Ipt™∏v tN´s\ hn´ncp-∂p. F¥m C{Xbpw sshIn-bX”v ? ASp°-f-bn¬ \n∂pw Ipcn»v I≠ sNIp-Øm-t\t∏mse Nmt°m ]pd-tØ-t°mSn h∂p. “kmdpw It≠m Abmsf?... Rm\nß hcp-ºw... tXm´n-eqsS Itcm-t´m-´v... tIdn-t∏m-Ip-∂Xp I≠Xp t]mse tXm∂n.” Nmt°m \n∂v hnd-bv°m≥ XpSßn. “F¥m Imcyw ?.” “AbmƒsS ithm- S - ° m- b n- c p- ∂ p... C∂se... Iym≥k- d v . .. N¶n- e v . ...” Nmt°m hn°n hn°n C{Xbpw ]d-s™m-∏n-®p.

ssIcfn 69 kph-\oÀ 2016

ssIcfn 72 kph-\oÀ 2016

BAKED CHICKEN Ingredients: Four chicken thighs and/or legs, 1 tsp of chili powder, ¼ tsp of turmeric powder, 1 tsp of coriander powder (Malli podi), 1 tsp curry masala (Irachi koottu), salt as needed, 1 tsp of black pepper, one tablespoon of yogurt, half fresh lemon juice. 1. Have the chicken thighs and/or legs washed and put it aside to drain 2. Mix all of the gathered ingredients well with yogurt, then put the cleaned chicken in the mixed ingredients, and marinate well 3. Beat 2 eggs well in a bowl, and bread crumbs on a separate plate 5. Dip each chicken in the beaten eggs, and then cover the chicken in bread crumbs. 6. Preheat the oven to 400 degrees 7. Grease the baking pan with cooking spray 8. Lay the chicken pieces on the baking pan 9. Bake for 25 min, turn the pieces, and bake them for another 25 minutes 10. Enjoy your delicious baked chicken.

CARROT THORAN Ingredients: Carrots (1 ready to eat large packet) chopped (for quick preparation ,use the food processor), 1 big chopped onion, one small hot green pepper chopped, salt, ¼ tsp of turmeric powder, grated coconut (can use ¼ a packet of grated coconut from the Indian store), curry leaves, 4 pieces of red pepper. 1. Mix all of the above ingredients with carrots. 2. Heat the pan with 3-4 tablespoons of oil, then pop the mustard seeds (Kaduvu) 4. Put the carrots into the pan and stir it well on a high flame for about 5 minutes until it's dry. Do not overcook to avoid the carrots becoming too soggy 5. Enjoy your tasty carrot thoran.

ssIcfn 73 kph-\oÀ 2016

History has been made! May 7th, 2016 was a landmark moment for Indian immigrants in the state of Maryland. Nurses and nursing students with Indian heritage came together to celebrate Nurses' Week, and under the leadership of Dr. Alphonsa Rahman kicked off the first ever meeting of the Indian American Nurses Association of Maryland (IANAM) under the umbrella of National Association of Indian Nurses of America (NAINA). Congratulations to all the members of IANAM for being the part of this History! IANAM is a non-profit organization established to bring together the nurses and nursing students of Indian heritage, to enrich personal, professional growth and to help better serve patients and communities. IANAM will hold the lamp of Florence Nightingale, Dr. Alphonsa Rahman

the lamp of knowledge, caring, and compassion. With the slogan “Nurses: Advocating, Leading & Caring”, IANAM will uphold the spirit of Indian nurses in the United States as a professional body serving nurses individually, professionally, and as a community. The following nurses were elected for a two-year term to the executive board: Dr. Alphonsa Rahman- President, Vice PresidentLincy Koodaly, Secretary- Dr. Sheeba Paranilam, Joint Secretary-

ssIcfn 75 kph-\oÀ 2016

Ammini Ninan, Treasurer- Chinnu Abraham, Joint Treasurer- Aleese Francis, Membership ChairSolly Abraham, Program Coordinator- Surya Chacko, Event Manager- Eldho Chacko, Professional Development-Vijaya Ramakrishnan, Communications - Ashley James, & Media/Technol-

ogy- Balasubramanium Kulandaivel. The inauguration was celebrated with the Director of Maryland Board of Nursing and other distinguished guests such as President of NAINA, President of INA-NC and other NAINA board members. Dr. Alphonsa Rahman IANAM website: www.ianam.org

Opening a book, Opening a portal into a world unknown From the very first page The words fly by like birds in the sky The pages keep on turning The hours keep passing by But they go by unnoticed For you can be anywhere imaginable Learning magic at Hogwarts with Harry Potter Saving Olympus alongside Percy Jackson at Camp-Half Blood Never growing up on Neverland with Peter Pan Whenever Wherever A book on a shelf is waiting to be opened The world and beyond is waiting to be discovered So open a book Every good story has to begin somewhere But who said it ever had to end.

ssIcfn 77 kph-\oÀ 2016

tcm K-Øn\pw tcmK_m-[n-X-amb Ahb-hØn\pw D]cn “tcmKn” F∂ hy‡n°p {]m[m\yw \¬Ip∂, Iem-]-c-amb Cu NnIn¬k,- a-\p-jy-cmin-°p-th≠n DcpØn-cn-™n´v c≠p \q‰m-≠p-Iƒ ]n∂n-´n-cn-°p-∂p. a\p-jy-kvt\-ln-bm-b, tUmIvS¿ {InÃy≥ s{^U-dnIv kmap-h¬ lm\n-am≥ F∂ Atem∏Xn-°m-cs‚ 261˛mw P∑-Zn\w IqSnbmWv G{]n¬ 10 F∂ temI tlman- t bm- ∏ Xn Zn\w. 1790 ¬, tUmIvS¿ hneyw I≈s‚ (Dr. William Cullen) “A Treatise on Materia Medica” F∂ shZy-im-kv{X{KŸØn-se, “Izbn-\-bpsS (Quinine) Ibv∏pw cq£-X-bpamWv ate-dn-bsb kpJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv ” F∂ {]kv X m- h \bmWv “tlman- t bm- ∏ Xn” F∂ NnIn¬km-im-Jb - v°p≈ \nan-Øa - m-bX - v. Cu KpWß-fp-≈Xpw ate-dn-bbv°p {]Xn-hn-[n-b-√m-Ø-Xpamb Huj-[-߃ ]e-Xp-s≠-∂n-cn-s°, as‰t¥m BImw ImcWw F∂ Xncn-®-dn-hn¬ Hcp ]co-£W-Øn\v kzbw k÷-\m-hp-Ibpw CXn\mbn ]e Znh-k-ß-fn-embn Hcp \n›nX Afhn¬ Izbn\ Ign®v X∑q-e-ap≈ am‰ßƒ \ncn-£o-°p-IbpamWv At±lw BZyambn sNbvX-Xv. AtcmK-Zr-V-Km-{X-\mb X∂n¬ ate-dn-bbv°v kaamb tcmK-e-£-W-߃ {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp-∂Xv Xncn®-dn™ BÀmZw, Ah As∂mgn-bmsX Ipdn®p shbv°phm\pw a‰p ]e hy‡n-I-fnepw CtX ]co£Ww Bh¿Øn-°p-hm\pw At±l-Øn\p {]tNm-

Z-\a - m-bn. Ibvt∏m cq£-Xtbm A√, BtcmKy-ap≈ ico-c-Øn¬ ate-dn-bbv°p kam-\-amb e£-W-ßfp-≠m-°m-\p≈ Ign-hmWv Izb-\n-bpsS tcmK-im¥n-°p≈ Ignhv AYhm Curative Power F∂ Cu Aht_m[w XpS¿ ]co-£-W-߃°pw “kam-\Nn-In¬k” AYhm Similia Similibus Curenter F∂ XXz-Øn¬ A[njvTn-X-amb Hcp NnIn¬km-coXn cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn\pw t{]c-W-bm-bn. BtcmKy-I-c-am-bXpw tcmKm-Xp-c-am-b-Xpamb imcn-co-Im-h-ÿ-I-sf-∏‰n Htct]mse Adnhp≈- h \pw NnIn¬k F∂ imkv{X- Ø nepw NnIn¬k F∂ Ie-bnepw Htc t]mse {]mhnWyw t\Snbh\p-amb Hcp hy‡nbv°p am{Xta tcmKn-

ssIcfn 78 kph-\oÀ 2016

bp-ambn XmZmflyw {]m]n-°m≥ km[n-°p-I-bp-ffp F∂pw Huj-[-ß-sf-°p-dn-®p≈ A]q¿Æ-ß-fmb Adnhp-If - p-ambn tcmKm-Xp-ci - c - o-cß - f - n¬ \S-Øp∂ `mKy]co-£W - a - m-Ic - pXv NnIn¬k F∂pw At±lØn\p \n¿_-‘-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Homois (Similar AYhm kam-\w), Pathos (Suffering AYhm Zpcn-Xw) F∂o {Ko°v ]Z-߃ tN¿∂ Homoeopathy bn¬ Poh- i ‡n (Vital Force), acp- ∂ p- I - f psS i‡n (Medicinal Power), tZmj-I-c-amb Imc-W-߃ (Miasms) F∂nhsb ASnÿm-\s - ∏-Sp-Øn-bmWv Hmtcm hy‡n- b v ° p- a p≈ NnIn¬k \n›- b n- ° p- ∂ - X v . hy‡n-bn¬ A[njvTn-X-am-I-bm¬Øs∂ Htcm hy‡nbv°pw Ahcp-sS {]tXyI-X-Iƒ°-\p-kr-Xamb acp- ∂ p- I ƒ sXc- s ™- S p- t °- ≠ - X p- ≠ v . AXn\m¬ Htc t]cn-ep≈ tcmK-hp-ambn hcp∂ ]Øp-t]¿°v ]Øp hyXykvX acp-∂p-Ifpw ]ØpXcw tcmK- ß - f p- a mbn hcp∂ A{XbpwXs∂ tcmKnIƒ°v Htc acp∂pw \¬tI≠ Ahÿ D≠mIp- ∂ p. DZml- c - W - Ø n\v Htc ImcWw sIm≠p-≠mb hb-dp-th-Z-\-bm¬ \n -lm-b-\mbn \ne-hn-fn-°p∂ Ip™n\pw ZpximTyhpw tZjy-hpwaqew D]{Z- h n- ° p∂ Ip™n\pw AhcpsS hyXykvX am\-knI \ne-Iƒ ]cn-KW - n-s®-Sp-°p∂ acp-∂p-Iƒ am{Xta tcmK-i-a\w {]Zm\w sNøp-Ibp-≈p. ]co£-W-hn-t[-b-\m-Ip∂ hy‡n, acp-∂pI-fpsS ]co-£-W-L-´-Øn-ep-S-\ofw efn-Xhpw t]mj-I-k-ar-≤hpw Nn´-bp-≈-Xp-amb Blmcioew ]men-°p-Ibpw DtØP-Itam Huj-[-Kp-Wap-≈tXm Bb ]m\o-b-߃, ico-c-Øn\pw a\ n-\p-ap≈ AanX-k-Ω¿±w Ch Hgnhm-°p-Ibpw sNtø-≠X - m-Wv. Abmƒ hniz-kvX\pw kzbw \nco£n-°m≥ Ign-hp-≈\pw DNnX ]Z-ß-fm¬ kz¥w hyXn-bm-\-߃ hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-hm-\p≈ _p≤n-bp≈-h\ - p-am-bn-cn-°W - w. ssewKn-IX - b - n-ep≈ e£W hyXym-kß - ƒ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - n-\mbn BWnepw s]Ænepw ]co-£-W-߃ \S-Øp-∂p. aZ¿ SnMvN¿ F∂ BZycq-]w, sNdpXpw hep-Xp-amb s]m´≥kn-Iƒ ChsIm≠v Zo¿L-\mfp-I-fm-bp≈ ]co-£-W-߃°p tijta Hcp acp∂ns‚ ]q¿Æ-cq]w e`n-°p-I-bp-≈p. ]co-£-Wtijw hy‡n Ime- h n- f w_w IqSmsX ]q¿ΔÿnXn {]m]n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Htc kabw c≠p i‡n-Isf Dƒs°m≈p-hm-\p≈ {XmWn Poh-i-‡nbv°v C√mØ-Xn-\m¬, Fßn\-bmtWm i‡≥ Zp¿∫-es\ \njvIm-k\w sNøp-∂-Xv, A{]Imcw acp∂v tcmKsØ \n¿Ωm¿÷\w sNøp∂p. acp∂p Ign-°p-tºmƒ XpS°-Øn¬ I≠p-hcp∂ tcmK-h¿≤\hv (Homoeopathic Aggravation) thKw Xs∂ amdp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.

tcmK-ß-sf, AssewKnI Imc-W-ß-fmep≈ tkmd (Psora), ssewKn-I-P\y Imc-W-ß-fmep≈ kn^n-enkv (Syphilis), sskt°m-kn-kv (Sycosis), F∂o abm-k-ß-fmbn Xcw Xncn-®n-cn°p∂p. [mXp-°ƒ (Arsenic, Sulphur, Antimony), kky߃ (Nux Vomica, Cannabis Indica), sNdp-Po-hn-Iƒ, arK-߃ (Apis Mellifica, Lachesis), tcmKm-h-in-jvS߃ (Hydrophobinum, Syphilinum) ico-c-I-e-Iƒ (Thyroidinum), {kh-߃ (Adrenalin) `uXn-I-cq-]-an√mØ ]Zm¿-∞-ßfpw Du¿÷-ß-fpw (X-ray, Electricity) XpS- ß n- b - h - b n¬ \n∂mWv tlmantbm Huj[-߃ D¬∏mZn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. tlmantbm acp-∂p-Iƒ \n¿Ωn-°p-hm\pw im‡o-I-cn-°p-hm\pw (Potentisation) ]pd-ta-bp≈ D]tbm-Kß - ƒ°pw NnIn¬k-bv°p-ambn Huj[KpW-an-√m-Ø-Xpw \njv]£ kz`m-h-ap-≈Xpw km[mcW A¥co- t £mjv a m- h nepw Cu¿∏- Ø nepw Gsd\mƒ tISp-Iq-SmsX Ccn°p-∂-Xpw- kp-e-`-hpamb hkvXp-°-fmWv D]tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. AIta Ign-°p-hm≥th≠n cpNn-I-chpw hnj-a-b-an-√m-ØXp-amb am≤y-a-߃ D]tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. A∂Pw XpS-ßnb AkwkvIrX hkvXp-°-fn¬\n∂pw D¬∏mZn-∏n®p ip≤o-I-cn-s®-Sp-°p∂ Ethyl Alcohol, Xnf- ∏ n- ® m- d nb sh≈w, B´n≥ ]men¬\n∂pw th¿Xn-cn®p ip≤o-Icn® emIvtSm-kv, ap¥n-cn-bn¬ \n∂pw •qt°mkv AYhm sUIvkvt{Sm-kv, Icnºn≥ \n∂pw kpt{Imkpw knd-∏pw, ]mºn≥ hnjØn¬\n∂pw D¬∏mZn-∏n-°p∂ Nne Huj-[-߃ kq£n-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th≠n Kvfnk-dn≥ ChbmWv B¥cnI Bhiy-߃°m-bp≈ am≤y-a-߃. ]tØmfw Xcw FÆIƒ, Kvfn-kd - n≥, hmk-sse≥, sh¨sa- g p- I v , ]v f mÿ \n¿Ωm- W - Ø n- \ mbn sFknwKv •m v XpS-ßn-bh ]pdta D]tbm-Kn°p∂ GXm\pw am≤y-a-ß-fn¬s∏-Sp-∂p. Huj- [ - K p- W - a p≈ Hmtcm `£- W - ] Zm¿∞hpw tcmKm-h-ÿ-bn¬ t\cnb tXmXn-se¶nepw hyXn-bm-\-ap-≠m-°p-hm≥ ]cym-]vX-am-b-Xn\mepw Im∏n-bn¬ \n∂pw FSp°p∂ Coffea Cruda bv°v [mcmfw acp-∂p-I-fpsS {]h¿Ø\w aμo-`-hn°p-hm-\p≈ Ign-hp-≈X - n-\mepw A{]Im-ca - p≈ acp∂p-I-fpsS D]t`mK Ime-L-´-Øn¬ Im∏n IpSn°p-∂Xv tcmK-i-a-\-Øn\p Ime-Xm-a-k-ap-≠m-°p∂p. imco-c-Ihpw am\-kn-I-hp-amb F√m tcmKß-fpw, hf¿Øp arK-ß-fpsS NnIn¬k, tcmK-{]Xn-tcm-[w, De-addicition Chbn-se√mw Xt‚-Xmb Ccn∏nSw Is≠-Øn-bn-´p≈ tlman-tbm-∏-Xn-bvs°Xnsc AImc-Wa - mbpw ZpjvSem-t°mSpw IqSn C∂p \S- ∂ p- s Im- ≠ n- c n- ° p∂ \pW- { ]- N - c - W - ß ƒ koa-Ifpw ewLn®p ]c-°p-I-bm-Wv. am{X- Iq-Sp-

ssIcfn 79 kph-\oÀ 2016

t¥mdpw acp-∂ns‚ Afhp Ipd-bp-∂-Xns\ ]cma¿in-®pw- Hmtcm am{X-bn-te-bv°p-ap≈ bm{X-bv°nsS-bp≈ Succussion \pI-sf-°p-dn®p ]pO-tØmsS hne-]n®pw “tlmantbm acp∂v ”F∂ t]cn¬ sImSp-°p-∂Xv acp-∂ns‚ Awi-ta-bn-√mØ Nmcmb-am-sW∂pw F{X at\m-l-c-ß-fmb NnIn¬km hnP-b-ßfpw shdpw Placebo Effect am{X-am-sW∂pw ka¿∞n-°p∂ {_n´¨ saUn-°¬ Iu¨knense Kth-j-I-kw-L߃°pw, tZmj-ap-≠m-°p∂-Xmbn hntZ-in-Iƒ°pw a\- n-em-Ip-tºmƒ ]pd¥-≈p-∂-sXm-s°bpw c≠p-Iøpw \o´n kzoI-cn°p∂, I®-hS- a - t- \m-`mhw am{Xw ssIap-Xe - m-bp≈, ae-bm-fn-I-fpƒ∏-sS-bp≈ kvXpXn-]m-T-I¿°p≈ adp-]-Sn-bmbn, Hcp \mt\m-ao‰¿ t\¿Ω-bn-ep≈ tlman-tbm-a-cp-∂nse t]mepw Huj[ km∂n[yw sXfn- b n- ® n- c n- ° p- I - b mWv t_mwt_ sF sF ‰nbnse Kth-j-I¿. ]m¿iz-^-e-ß-fn-√mØ NnIn-¬-km-coXn F∂ Xncn-®d - n-hv, C∂p temI-sa-ºm-Sp-ap≈ BfpIfn¬ tlman-tbm-∏-Xn-bv°p≈ kzoIm-cyX h¿≤n∏n-®n-´p-≈-Xns‚ Akln-jvWpX am{X-amWv Cu Kth-jW Xzcbv°p ]n∂n¬ F∂Xv \nkvX¿°am-Wv. ap∂n-en-cn-°p-∂Xv tcmKm-Xp-c-amb Hch-bhw am{X-a-√, a\ pw ico-chpw {]Xo-£bpw ka¿∏n

®pw ImØn- c n- ° p∂ a\p- j y P- ∑ - ß - f m- s W∂v NnIn¬k-Icpw Huj-[° - º - \n apX-em-fn-amcpw IgpI≥I-Æp≈ CS\n-e° - mcpw kuI-cy-]q¿Δw ad-°ptºmƒ t_m[-h¬°-cn-°-s∏-tS-≠Xpw NnIn¬kI-fn-sebpw NnIn¬k-I-cn-sebpw \∑bpw a\p-jyXzhpw Xncn-®-dn™p {]Xn-I-cn-t°-≠Xpw kmam\y-P-\-Øns‚ am{Xw Bhiy-ambn amdp-I-bm-Wn∂v. \n mc tcmK-ß-fp-am-sb-Øp-∂-h-cpsS t]mepw B¥cm- h - b - h - ß - f p- s Ssb√mw {]h¿Ø- \ - ß ƒ Xßfm-em-hpw-hn[w Xmdp-am-dm-°n, ]m¿iz-^-e-ßfm¬ ac-Ws - °-Wn-sbm-cp-°p∂ acp-∂p-Iƒ F∂ t]cn¬ a\p-jy-cm-inbv°p hn\miw hnX-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ hnj-h-kvXp-°-sf, tcmK-i-a-\-Øn\p≈ Znhyu-j-[-ß-fm°n At\I¿°p- \∑ ]Icm-\p≈ {ia-amWv ]pIƒs]‰ hntZi Kth-j-Wÿm-]-\-߃ C\nsb-¶nepw a\p-jy-cm-in-°mbn sNtø-≠Xv F∂v Ahsc BcmsWm∂p t_m[h¬°-cn-°pI?

tUmIvS¿ an\n DÆnIr-jvW≥ e-mail:drminiunnikrishnan@gmail.com website:www.homoeopathicphysicianonline.com Mobile: 9446857767

ssIcfn 83 kph-\oÀ 2016

ssIcfn 85 kph-\oÀ 2016

In April, I had the opportunity to go to a community in Panama with a group of girls from my school. We went with the organization Courts for Kids which was affiliated with the Peace Corps. The tangible goal of this trip was to create a basketball court for the community of Pigandi so that they could have a place to gather for various events with the intention of growing into a stronger community and creating revenue for future stability.

munity faced in building the court made the court so much more worth it. Because the community was in a drought, water was one obstacle that they had to face. While trying to mix the cement, the workers had to travel to and from the cement machines and water jugs to make just one batch of cement mixing. This only slowed down the process even more but the community never let that affect their attitude.

During this trip, I was very nervous about the arduous work that I was about to partake; however, after my first day of work, I was very excited to get back to mixing cement and carrying wheelbarrows. As I was working, I kept on comparing the work in the United States (US) versus the work in Panama. In the US, the building of the court would have been finished in a couple of days with machinery to speed up the process. The struggle that the people of the com-

I remember on the first day of work, the delegation was preparing for dinner and we were on the court talking with the community. Right before we went under the pavilion, the community of Pigandi and

ssIcfn 87 kph-\oÀ 2016

Notre Dame Prepratory School (my school) gathered together on the unfinished court to say the Hail Mary before we ate dinner. For me, this was the most powerful part of the entire trip because it was the first time that I felt both communities come together as one. When I came back from Panama, I suddenly started to feel bad every time I took a shower for more than 5 minutes, every time I flushed the toilet, and every time I washed my hands instead of using hand sanitizer. Even though, I was glad to be taking a shower and not using baby wipes, I was upset that I had not been grateful enough for the abundance of water that I had in the United States. In Pigandi, there was a lack of clean water and in America water is wasted on a regular basis. I think the most valuable lesson that I learned was to appreciate more of the little things in my life. Even through little steps like always finish-

ing my waterbottle, always using a reusable bottle, or always taking a short shower can make a difference to the people who don’t have much. Even though Pigandi seems like a completely different world to the United States, it is not a reason to stand back and observe the community’s hardships. By living in a very privileged country, we need to take more action to help the people who don’t have life necessities such as water. I have experienced how the world has been divided through this experience but more importantly, I learned how little we actually do to help. The actions that should be taken might not be simple, but its effectiveness is far greater than the inputs. Imagine what the world could be if we all took care of each other. Pigandi has opened my eyes to some of the many issues in the world but I am grateful that I could experience this delegation trip because now I have a better view on the world and what I need to do to change it.

A key element to life that every being should have is freedom. To live a life with joy and success, one needs freedom. We all have different opinions on what we think freedom is. Someone might think freedom is going to a mall without a parent. But another person might think that freedom is being able to think for ourselves. I think that freedom is being able to make your own decisions and control your own life. Lots of people and animals don’t have freedom. They live a life of bondage. They long for the freedom we possess. According to animal captivity and human bondage, all beings should have freedom. There are so many things in our society that people are oblivious to. One of those things include animal captivity. When people go to the Zoo, Aquarium, Circus, or a Marine park for a fun family outing, they are excited and happy. When I even think about those places, all I think of is mental illness, depression, anxiety, and separation from family, frustration, and stress that the animals are facing. A few years ago, I went to the Circus for my birthday. I was so excited to see the acrobats and the animals do cool tricks. I was clueless at that age about what really goes on at the Circus. I watched the elephants do hand stands and lions stay tame. A year later, I realized that my family and I paid people to destroy animals’ lives just for the sole purpose of our entertainment. It crushed me, just thinking that in a free country we condone slavery within other species. Not only was the free-

ssIcfn 89 kph-\oÀ 2016

dom taken away from the animals, but they lived under extremely harsh conditions. The circus separated baby elephants from their mothers. The circus trainers also used bull hooks, ropes, and electric prods on the animals if they showed even the slightest rebellious move. Also when the elephants aren’t performing the show, they live in chains. Their freedom was annexed from them. Many other places also steal freedom from innocent animals. All of these places agree with animal captivity. Being confined can do so much mental and physical damage to an animal. “Apes and other animals in zoos normally show signs of mental illnesses.” The orcas at Seaworld are taken from the ocean and put into a tiny tank. Orcas swim thousands and thousands of miles every day. The space provided for the orcas in the Marine parks is 0.0001% of how much the orcas swim in one day. For the orcas living in parks is like living in a bathtub. Don’t you think you would go crazy if you lived in your bathtub your whole life? The average orca in confinement dies during their teens. In the wild female orcas can live up to over a 100 years, while male orcas live to about 60 and 70 years in the wild. If the orcas and other animals in confinement had freedom, then they wouldn’t be so unhealthy and die early. This is for most cases with animal captivity. The animals aren’t healthy in a confined area. Not having freedom make animals incredibly depressed too. An orca named Hugo committed suicide 36 years ago by repeatedly bashing his head into the tank walls. Animals in confinement don’t make any decisions for themselves. The human race has ripped freedom out of the hands of other species.

Another part of freedom is having limits. Abraham Lincoln once said “My right to swing my fist ends where your nose begins.” It means that we have freedom, but there are limits. We have laws and if we don’t follow them then we will be punished. Some limits like laws take a little bit of our freedom away. But that’s ok, because it’s for the greater good of our society. We still get to control our own lives. There are some cases where the limits on people have gone overboard. There are people that don’t get to choose what they get to do in life. Right now in some countries, there are girls that are forced to work at home and do household chores. They aren’t even allowed to go to school. They don’t even have a chance at being successful in life. There are too many limits put on these women. The women long, long for freedom to control their own life. Freedom is something that we need in life to live and choose our own destiny. Many people and animals don’t get to live a life. Every being should have freedom no matter what. Many people don’t realize that we have taken freedom from many animals. Our society should do all it can to help preserve these animals instead of threatening them and taking their freedom away. But right now they are puppets, and we are the puppeteers. We need to be able to cut the strings off and give them a life. A life full of freedom. Sources: • CNN’s Documentary “Blackfish” • People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA)

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My whole life, I've gotten to the doctor's office at least 10 minutes early. It's something never questioned, like the sun rising in the east, or breathing, or somewhat less poetically, going to the doctor's at all. I've never wondered why; it was just the way things were.But in today's high-speed environment chockfull of innovation, we have the technology we need to change this. There is no lack of ways to do it either: if we can track our taxi or our pizza in real time, for example, why can't we get similar updates on when our appointment will be? Or at the least, why can't we notify our patients when there are the inevitable delays intrinsic to medicine, whether that be by phone call, text message, or email? This may seem like too much to expect from a field already under so much stress, who quite literally have the duty to save lives. Yet the fact of the matter is that wait times matter. Patients are often at their most vulnerable, inundated with fear and uncertainty. They deserve far better than waiting an average of around 23 minutes to see their doctor.To look at the situation from a less empathetic but more pragmatic point of view, this is a preposterous waste of human capital and a knife to the kidney for our country's productivity. I'm a huge proponent of big data and applicable mathematics, so bear with me as we crunch some numbers. In 2012, there were some 826,000 active physicians in the United States. Additionally, one 2012 study reported that the average patient panel

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size for a primary care physician was 2184 patients seen over the course of 18 months. Let's assume that each of these patients is experiencing the unjustifiable average national wait time of 23 minutes. That means over the course of just 18 months, over 50,000 minutes of precious time were utterly wasted. Over the course of a single year, over 23 days of the patients' time was wasted in 2012.Over 6% of the year wasted. That's just absurd. Ofcourse, this analyzed the total patient time wasted by a single primary care physician, not the 23 minutes that each individual suffered through. Perhaps this is less horrifying when spread over a full year and over 2000 patients. Why get worked up when each patient is individually losing less than an hour a year? It turns out, that cozy interpretation bears little resemblance to reality. According to a study by some hack job place named Harvard Medical School, "the typical visit to a doctor consumes 121 minutes of the patient’s time — 37 minutes in travel, 64 minutes waiting for care or filling out forms, and only 20 minutes face to face with the physician."[4] Leaving aside the time actually seeing their doctor, patients waste not just the average waiting time of 23 minutes, but closer to 100 minutes when travel and medical forms are taken into account. Not only that, "Based on the average sum a person could earn if working during that time, the researchers figure, it costs patients $43 in lost time for each medical visit — more than the average out-of-pocket cost for the care itself, which is about $32."[4] Okay, Harvard Medical School, it seems you have given us some new numbers to crunch. We make the same assumptions as before: a primary care physician still sees an average of 2,184 patients every 18 months as they did in 2012 and every patient experiences the average wait time found in 2015 to be around 23 minutes. However, this time we will truly be calculating the total time wasted, which by necessity includes travel time and time spent filling out medical forms. Thus, instead of the 23 minutes used previously, we will use the 101 minutes derived from Harvard Medical School. The same caveats as before apply: this is the aggregate sum of lost time for over 2000 patients, and each patient only individually loses 101 minutes as per Harvard Medical School. Even

when these facts are taken into account, our results are flabbergasting. Over 100 days of patient time is being wasted in a single year by a single primary care physician. That's over a quarter of the year gone. How does this look through the lens of lost dollars? This is a simpler calculation: if each visit costs the patient $43 in opportunity cost (the money they could have made working during this time), and there were 2,184 patients in 18 months, then over $60,000 of potential patient money is being lost a year. By a single primary care physician. This, of course, begs the question: how do these data appear across the entire spectrum of the United States healthcare? Since our average patient panel size is drawn solely from primary care, let's limit our scope to that specialty. We find that "in 2010, there were approximately 209,000 practicing primary care physicians in the U.S." [5]. What do our numbers say now? Patient time wasted across the U.S. waiting to meet a primary care physician: 1,336.195 years. Total patient time wasted including travel time and medical forms: 58,475.464 years. Total patient money wasted across the U.S.: 13,085,072,000 per year. Decades of potential productivity and billions of dollars are being flushed down the drain every year by this issue, to make no mention of the heartbreak and emotional anguish that waiting times inflict upon our patients.We must face the reality that we are harming our patients, in direct opposition to our duty as physicians. It's time we do something about it. Citations 1. http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/personal/2015/11/06/ wait-times-too-long-choose-tech-savvy-doctor/75270588/ 2. http://www.statista.com/statistics/186269/total-active-doctors-of-medicine-in-the-us-since-1949/ 3. http://www.medigain.com/blog/how-many-patients-doyour-physicians-need-to-see 4. https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2015/10/05/studyp u ts - d o l l a r - v a l u e - t i m e - s p e n t - w a i t i n g - f o r - d o c t o r / If7KB4aU9mkY5qK8CqDYUO/story.html 5. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/factsheets/primary/ pcwork1/index.html

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Author’s Note: All names have been changed. Details are rendered from the author’s memory. I inhale, exulting in the savory scent of lemongrass. My mind relaxes as I take a luxurious sip of the decadent tea. Warmth emanates through my body, muscles unwinding after a long day of hiking the swooping hills of Rwanda, educating villagers about various healthcare topics, and playing soccer (or to be more apropos, football) with children at the local orphanage. I cannot help but note the contrast of this physical relaxation from the serious tone of our conversation as Father Michael continues. “We are blessed here in Rwanda that women and men are considered equal. The same cannot be said of other countries in Africa.” He pauses as he takes a bite of his dinner (or as said locally, supper), an assortment of whole potatoes, white rice, cassava, black beans, a mixture of peas and green beans, and the most incredible soup that I have ever had the privilege to taste.Father Michael then takes an appreciative swallow

of the lemongrass tea, exhaling with satisfaction. I wait patiently, desperate for his next words but unwilling to ruin the contemplative mood. These Catholic priests have graciously allowed me to live at their parish during my stay in Rwanda. Our meals together have always included a healthy dose of lively conversation, but today’s discussion veers away from the norm. Ruminating on the past, present, and future, Father Michael has begun to share profound stories that illuminate the spirit of Africa, tarnished by centuries of hostile conflict, burnished by millennia of peaceful aspirations. With bated breath, I lean forward in my chair, eager for his next pearls of wisdom. “Take a look at Burundi. In so many ways, it is Rwanda, from 20 or 30 years ago. The atrocities of that time, the ethnic difficul-

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ties, the conflict between neighbor and neighbor, are still ongoing. It has not advanced with the rest of the world. The government is not strong there, so chaos reigns. Here in Rwanda, we have a powerful centralized government that can guide the people towards peace. Even though Burundi and Rwanda are brothers in so many respects, we have taken different paths. We are now the gem of Africa, while Burundi is still lost in the wilderness.” I nod in affirmation, thinking. Burundi is Rwanda’s southern neighbor, geographically and ethnically similar. This country was also consumed in the ethnic warfare between Hutu and Tutsi that led to the infamous Rwandan genocide in the 1990s. Unlike Rwanda, however, Burundi had not managed to dissipate the hatred between the two groups, enact justice in the name of the victims, or reunite the country along demarcations of national harmony. It remains locked in perpetual conflict, unable to shatter the shackles of the past, a microcosmic demonstration of the menace inherent to antiquated ethnic perceptions. Like in so many of our talks, Father Michael skirts around direct mention of the genocide, simultaneously ignored and remembered every moment of every day by Rwandans. Yet it lurks always beneath the verdant green and scenic hills that boggle the mind in their serene beauty—memories of a war-torn region once drenched in the blood of innocents, butchered in barbaric fashion by friends and neighbors, in community centers and clinics, in schools and churches. In the 1990s, Rwanda had a population of approximately 7.7 million people. By the end of the government - sponsored mass extermination of the Tutsis, a minority that comprised about 10% of the population, by the Hutus, the majority ethnicity, 1 million people were dead.

1 million people. Dead. The massacre lasted 100 days. Not since the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki had so many been killed in such a short timespan. Rwanda was not technologically advanced. The killers did not have machine guns or grenades. They had to find a different method of slaughter. The murder weapon of choice: machete. Today, it is difficult to believe that this carnage ever happened. Memorials are found practically in every corner of the country, from the cities to the most rural villages, incontrovertible evidence that the genocide was indeed real. Yet the toxic atmosphere where genocidal thoughts incubate is nowhere to be found, banished by sunlight filtering through the omnipresent fog overlying Rwanda. My experience so far in Rwanda had been nothing but positive. Rwandans were the friendliest people I had ever encountered. As they travel on the beautifully paved roads illuminated by streetlights, with traffic lights at every intersection, drivers will flash their lights at one another, perfect strangers saying hello. People walking on sidewalks will wave enthusiastically at car passengers as they whiz by. As we walk to teach our topics to the villagers, children will gather around us, laughing and playing. The openness, the joy, it is genuine. But how? How can a nation move beyond the murky shadows of its history towards a better future? I phrase my question carefully, mindful of the cauldron of darkness simmering insidiously beneath. “Father Michael, I have seen how advanced Rwanda is, especially compared to

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some of the other countries in Africa. It is truly impressive, even more so when you consider how much improvement has happened in only a few short years. If you don’t mind my asking, how is it that Rwanda has managed to come so far, particularly considering its...history?” His answer is immediate. “We have no corruption.” I hesitate. “What do you mean by that?” “This is the problem that most African countries face. Their leaders are greedy— they care only about lining their own pockets with gold. They neglect the poor and the disposed. Nothing matters to them as long as they become rich. But truly, greed can be forgiven. If you drain a country of its resources to satisfy your own desires, most will accept it as the status quo. “The unforgivable sin is weakness. Corruption of the government equals corruption of the people. Our President, Paul Kagame, stamps out any trace of corruption. Bribery is impossible. He invests money in infrastructure, education, healthcare. Every year you can see the tangible progress that we have made under his presidency. He leads, and we follow.” He leads with an iron fist, you mean, I almost blurt out.President Paul Kagame, a former general, led the Rwandan Patriotic Front, the organization that brought order and stability to Rwanda in the aftershock of the genocide. With glasses framing his angular face, he looks like a gentle librarian—until you see the braced steel in his eyes. I could not dispute his accomplishments. Kagame’s leadership in Rwanda had led to a staggering rate of developmental growth and an incredible level of stability for a country so marked by tragedy. He had brought peace to a turbulent society with his

obdurate resolve. Rwanda was indeed the shining gem of Africa. But good results do not equate to good methods. There is a very fine line between a commanding head of state and a despotic tyrant. By any conventional definition, Kagame was already a dictator, albeit a benevolent one.The ruthless nature that had enabled him to eradicate ethnic tensions could easily transform him into a harbinger of oppression. He had earned praise for his governance so far, but could the same be said five or ten or twenty years from now? Kagame is currently in the process of amending the Constitution so that he can run for another term as the President. Immensely popular in Rwanda, he had received over 90% of the vote in past elections, but this still rings false to me. As an American, I believe restricting the number of terms is an essential component of democracy to prevent any one individual or party from dominating the system. Attempts to circumvent this limitation seem like a recipe for autocracy. When I asked the priests about this, however, they shrugged and said, “He is doing a great job. Why would we want anyone else to lead?” I think out loud. “I can agree that rooting out governmental corruption is a crucial step, but that doesn’t seem like enough. There must have been an incredible level of tension when Kagame came into power. Yet everyone here seems so friendly and welcoming. After...the 1990s, how can people not lash out at each other still? I know that it was over twenty years ago, but it doesn’t seem like something that is forgiven that quickly. How do you reunify the country into a cohesive whole after an event like that?” Father Michael repeats again, “We have no corruption.” “Our government is free from bribery and fraud, but we also enforce purity and morality on our people as well. Our people have no corruption now. If anyone points at some-

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one and says ‘His nose is this and this size’ or accentuates differences between people in any way, he goes immediately to prison. The problem is solved, and society can move forward without any issues.” I recoil in horror. Free speech, a core tenet of my beliefs as an American, was under attack. Regardless of your views, I will always defend your right to propound them without fear of repression. But here Father Michael was, cavalierly dismissing free speech as an essential right of humanity. I could not stay silent. “Are you really suggesting that jailing someone for their ideas was a positive thing for the government to do?” “Of course. What else can you do to isolate them from the rest of the population? When people are a danger to their community, the only responsible thing to do is put them in prison. Criminals should be jailed for their crimes.” I pause, thrown aback. I reflect on the exact words that Father Michael had used. “People who pointed at someone saying ‘his nose is this and this size’” was an idiomatic way of identifying those who had incited the genocide by preying on ethnic tensions, arising from the idea that Hutus and Tutsis could be differentiated according to the dimensions of noses. In other words, Father Michael was saying that Rwanda had adopted an uncompromising stance against any hate speech that could corrupt the minds of the people and veer them back towards a path of destruction. Germany had instituted a similar policy after the atrocities of World War II. Any mention of Nazi ideology is dealt with instantly and severely. Mending the horrors of the past necessitates that intolerant and bigoted philosophies are completely eradicated in the present. I had little doubt that due process of the accused was being overlooked, which

contradicts every fiber of my being. I would never condone any neglect of the judicial process. Laws dictate the bounds of society, and should be followed, especially by those who would seek to rule. But I could not fault the harsh response against creeds that could respawn racial fervor and hatred in a nation clawing for its independence from those abhorrent dogmas. In the after math of cataclysmic experiences, governments tend to eliminate any vestiges of free thought in the hopes of preventing such transgressions from occurring ever again. Unfortunately, this abrogation of personal liberty usually leads to oppression that can be just as inhumane as the triggering incident. In Rwanda, however, stoking ethnic conflict is one of the only methods of expression branded as an automatic ticket to prison. Religion has complete freedom of private and public practice. People are generally allowed to live their lives without fear of random confiscations or governmental overreaches. Only twenty years removed from a ghastly genocide, the fact that Rwanda functions as well as it does is remarkable. “You said that Rwanda is progressing because ‘We do not have corruption.’ You did not mean just the government by that, did you?” “Under President Kagame’s guidance, our government is not exploitative. Our people are purified from toxic thoughts. Anyone who tries to create divisions is silenced. Harmony reigns. We are not Hutus or Tutsis, we are Rwandans.” “The most important thing for any government is to eliminate fraud and misconduct. That example radiates into communities throughout the nation, and we thrive together, man and woman, friend and neighbor, Rwandan and Rwandan. This is what sets us apart. No corruption in the government. Unity among the people.”

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Prologue Some strange incidents in his life prompts Manuel Mohan aka Manu, son of a rich rubber planter from Kanjirapally, India, to have a keen interest in paranormal phenomenon. At Gurukulam, a Buddhist monastery in the Paro hills of Bhutan, Manu learns Jnana Yoga (Yoga of the Mind) under Guruji Maharshi Ganesh Yogi who is widely known as an authority on all four branches of yoga. Besides jnana yoga, Manu also gets advanced training in psychokinesis, an extreme psychic activity related to the phenomenon of mind over matter. In simpler terms, psychokinesis refers to the extrasensory capability of a person to move bodily matter with the control of his/her thoughts. Earlier this was called 'telekinesis' and it was believed that such movements were the work of ghosts and spirits. After graduating from Gurukulam, Manu invests more time to practice what he had learned. Somehow it doesn't work according to his plan. Frustrated, he goes to Stanford University for a doctoral degree in computer science with specialization in artificial intelligence and robotics. The Interview: 2015 Manu Mohan is about to be interviewed by Hubert Bose, the renowned talk show host and journalist on Bloomberg Television. Both men are seated

on a stage under a battery of LED lights; the audience is barely visible in the semi-dark hall. HUBERT BOSE: "... Now that ManNa, your brainchild, has created a couple of humanoids, haveyou thought about their deployment? Where would they fit in?" MANU: "They can be a boon to any project that requires dedicated and disciplined workforce. One area of use in particular is deep space exploration where prolonged space travel can be a limiting factor for us humans." HUBERT BOSE: "How about deploying them in the defense forces? And for espionage?" MANU: "I haven't ruled out any options." The host asks Manu the question he least expected: his uncanny ability to shape-shift and es-

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cape from danger or even vanish into thin air! HUBERT BOSE: "They say you have the ability to evade danger and death with great ease?" MANU: "That needs some explanation..." (BOOM!) There's an explosion. Glass panes and wall panels fly. Manu and the host get startled and jump to their feet. Masked men have taken over the TV station. They storm into the studio with explosives and automatic weapons. One of the intruders takes aim and fires at Manu. A shot on his chest and another on his head knock him off the chair. He lies motionless on the floor. The TV host stands dumbfounded and stares at the fallen scientist in disbelief! The whole incident is broadcast LIVE on TV! MASKED MAN #1 talks into his cell phone in hushed voice: "Got him. Shall I bring him over?" VOICE FROM THE OTHER END: "No. Check him out thoroughly. Make sure it's him." One of the masked men rips open Manu's dress and inspects him. He looks surprised by what he saw. It's not Manu they shot but a humanoid; a replica of Manu! Masked man talks into his phone. "It's not HIM. It's just another dummy!" The Story Begins: Baltimore Though he hated the slush and salt on roads after a snowstorm, Manu Mohan never complained. It was his decision to come to Baltimore and found ManNa, the artificial intelligence research lab, overriding protestations from Naran Nair, his business partner. It's only after ManNa was awarded lucrative projects by the DoD that Naran relented. Nevertheless, he still remains a thorn in Manu's side. The only reason why Manu tolerates Naran's tantrums, French leaves and misdeeds is his ability to take projects from the drawing board to the factory floor. With exemplary results. However, the Cyborg Project that he had initiated seems to be going nowhere. The long absence of Naran makes it impossible for Manu to do it all alone.

He wondered why Naran hasn't invested any time into his pet project lately. *?*?*?*?*?*?*?*? A strange voice woke up Manu from his nap. Was it a dream or did he really hear it? He couldn't be sure. But one thing was certain: he was not at home. It took a while before it dawned upon him that he was sitting in front of a workstation at ManNa. And he didn't know how long he was dozing off there tonight. Phew! Manu got up and looked out through the huge glass window at Inner Harbor below. From the 15th floor the panorama was magnificent even under a cold dark sky. Barring a police cruiser with its flashing lights in front of the Renaissance Hotel, the streets were practically empty. For a good reason. It's snowing heavily. "What? Snow in April? Another nor'easter?" Manu couldn't believe it. Blame it on climate change. "Whatever," Manu didn't care. Other thoughts were already weighing heavily on his mind. Like, where the hell's Naran? On a clear night one could see the Bay Bridge and beyond from here. Tonight even the Domino Sugar neon sign is a fuzzy blob of red color. Baltimore is already under a thick blanket of snow. The Bromo Seltzer clock appeared to have frozen at 1:55 am. It's better for him to get out now before the roads got treacherous. He shut down the workstation and searched the closet for something to wear in the snow. A parka that rarely had seen any heavy snow hung like a relic in the closet. It looked appropriate for the blizzard. Did he hear someone calling his name? It seemed the voice was coming from the very room. His iPhone suddenly woke up and chirped. He almost jumped out of his skin. A text message flashed: <GURUJI ILL. He wants to see you ASAP.> "Is it a prank?," he wondered. Manu paused for a moment before dialing back.

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He waited eagerly. The phone rang on the other end but there was no response. "Something is fishy," Manu looked around as if searching for an answer. "May be I'll find out. Soon." He turned on the Range Rover that was parked in the basement with his iPhone. The vehicle should be warm enough by the time he reached it. He set the office alarm, shut the door and made for the elevator. Manu looked around as he came out into the street. The streets were empty. A veil of heavy fog hung above the waters of Inner Harbor where the cold air and the warm water met. Deserted streets and sidewalks have merged into a heap of snow. A naughty breeze danced through the narrow streets of Fells Point accompanied by a trail of falling snow. Surreal halos around the frigid streetlights made them appear to be some saintly sentinels from heaven. The whole area looked like a typical Hitchcock movie set. Manu walked towards his Range Rover. Something moved in the alley. Manu, though startled, pretended to be not surprised. A hooded man, let's call him Hoody, appeared from the shadows. Hands tucked into his coat pockets he approached Manu with calculated calm. HOODY: “Gimme your wallet.” MANU: “There's no money in it.” HOODY: “OK. I'll take the vehicle, then?” Manu lobbed the car remote towards the hooded man. It hit the man’s chest and disappeared in the snow on the sidewalk. HOODY: “You nitwit! Pick up the key and give it to me.” MANU: “You pick it up. Now it's yours.” Manu sensed someone was behind him. He turned around and faced a huge man (Bulky). MANU IS IN DOUBLE TROUBLE. HIS HEART RACED FAST AND SWEAT FORMED UNDER

HIS COAT... COLD SWEAT! Bulky grabbed Manu by the neck in a choke hold. He pushed Manu towards Hoody. MANU KNEW HE HAD NO CHANCE OF ESCAPE FROM CERTAIN BODILY HARM OR EVEN DEATH. HOODY: “You smart ass. I'll cut you up before I take the car. Now get me the freaking key!” Bulky pushed Manu's head down towards where the key fell into the snow. As Manu reached for the key Hoody stamped hard on his hand. Manu couldn’t help but cry aloud: “AMMAAA!” HOODY: “Pull him up. Let me see this sissy clearly.” As Bulky tightened his grip on Manu's neck he struggled for breath. Bulky pulled Manu up and made him face Hoody who was holding an open switchblade. Street lights danced along the knife’s sharp edges. Hoody took a close look at Manu and hissed like a snake. The knife glowed under the street lights again. HOODY: “You Indian hobo!” The epithet angered Manu and it showed on his face. Warm blood rushed into his cold head. Manu knew something strange was happening to him. All the fear left him and a new energy flowed from some unknown source. With a quick twist of his hands he grabbed the man behind him by the neck and leapt high into the air. A heavy kick on Hoody's under belly sent him tumbling into the slushy street like a doll. The sudden thrust propelled Manu and his assailant fall back onto the sidewalk. They lay there sandwiched with the fat man's grip still on Manu's neck. Manu struggled like a fish on a hook for air. Hoody crawled through the slush towards them with the knife ready for a strike. Manu knew he had no escape but tried hard to get off Bulky from his back. But Bulky didn’t budge.

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Hoody lunged forward and thrust the knife into Manu's chest repeatedly. It went deep into Manu's body as if he was made of butter. The knife went past Manu and met Bulky’s chest. Again and again. The cold snow below the warm bodies turned into a pool of red as Bulky shrieked with pain. His gasps and shrieks echoed through the quiet alleys of Fells Point. There was not a single soul around to summon him any help. Hoody got up puzzled. He stared at Manu who's already on his feet. Hoody took another long look at his fallen friend and darted off into the dark night. BULKY WAS DYING. SHOULD MANU LEAVE THE SCENE BEFORE HE IS IMPLICATED BY THE POLICE? Manu looked at the fallen man. A beat cop heard Bulky's cries for help and alerted the EMS. The policeman came running towards Bulky. To his

surprise Manu noticed that the officer didn't see him even though he was standing next to the fallen man! Soon a paramedic walked straight through Manu as if he wasn’t even there! MANU: “(Holy Moly! Did I die? Am I seeing ghosts?)” MANU REALIZES THAT HIS LEARNING AT GURUKULAM HAS SAVED HIS LIFE. PSYCHOKINESIS... IT WORKED. MANU ALSO REALIZES THAT IT WORKED WHEN HIS VERY LIFE WAS THREATENED THE MOST! MANU: “(At last... it worked!)” ______________________________________________________ Note: This is the beginning part of a soon to be published graphic novel. © 2016 Mathew K Mathew. All Rights Reserved.

A History Making Event by Kairali of Baltimore By Mohan Mavunkal Knowledge is power and that power is a must to take us to the reaches of success. As we are immigrants living in this wonderful land of opportunities, it has paramount importance to know the rules of law and the law of this land. If we are not a well-educated customer, the chances are high that we can be in serious situations. We have to assure that we have tons of information in so many aspects like health, wealth, safety, security, etc. The workshop arranged by Kairali on 23rd July, 2016 was surely a great step towards delivering a lot of information in those fields to its members. The program was well organized and very well executed. The speakers were experts in their own fields and were loaded with valuable information. The commencement of this workshop was on time as planned. The first speaker was Ms. Carol Sylvester on the topics of Social Security and Medicare. She is a long term member of the administrative team of Johns Hopkins and currently serving as the Vice President. The information she rendered was unprecedented. She talked about the need and necessity to have the knowledge about Social Security and Medicare. She answered all the questions and concerns. The next speaker was Mr. Paul Joseph CPA who spoke on taxation. Since it is so sophisticated and complicated field, his class was very helpful to deal with the strongest Federal agency IRS and its rules and regulations. The next session was on financial planning for Retirement. As majority of our members earn reasonably good amounts and a good fraction of our members are reaching retirement status, this session was very important. Our all-time sponsors PNC Bank team Mr. David Thompson and Mr. Bryan Tracy did a great job. One of the best attractions of the event was legal advice on living will, trust formation, and other legal matters. Day by day we sadly witness many of our friends perish prematurely. This is where the importance of “planning for the unborn tomorrow” comes into play. Mr. Dilip Paliyath Esq, one of the long term members of Kairali, a well-wisher and a supporter of Kairali unleashed his expertise in this area. Amazingly informative and helpful. The next area was covered by Mr. Bruce Penn whose topic home mortgage is very crucial to everybody especially the new comers in our community. He explained the tactics to get the best mortgage rates and how to avoid unnecessary fees, insurance, and penalties. The last session started on time at exactly 2:55 pm by a great friend of Kairali. He has insured both home and auto for the majority of our community for the last eight to ten years. This is a section we really need a man whom we can really trust and Mr. Russel Thater is the best one. Surely the administrative team of Kairali under the leadership of Mr. Saju Markose, Dr. Alphonsa Rahman, Dr. Joseph Zacharia, Mrs. Sheeba Alousyes, Mr. Gillet Kooran, and Mr. Jane Mathew deserves millions of ‘kudos’ to have had the vision and guts to come forward with this great idea!!!!!

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‘Basic needs’ refer to those fundamental requirements that serve as a foundation for survival. Access to the basic needs of life include shelter, food, and clothing which is essential for the developement of a strong community and is a necessary precursor to individual self-sufficiency. Aneesh Gopinathan, a heart patient since childhood, lives with his wife and two children in his mother’s house in a village named Mannoor in Kollam District, Kerala. Aneesh was unable to work due to his illness and heart condition and he and his family depended on his elderly mother’s daily wages. He did not have the resources and finances to build a house and the house that he lived in was in a very bad shape and about to collapse any moment. Aneesh is my neighbor back home in India and when he got to know about the ‘Charity Project’ of Kairali of Baltimore, he applied with all the necessary documents for the fund to help him build a house. The Committee of 2015 unanimously agreed to donate the charity fund towards fulfilling Aneesh’s dream of having a stable home for him and his family. The construction of the house is in its final stage now and Aneesh happily expresses his gratitude and appreciation to Kairali of Baltimore for the help that was rendered. Kairali of Baltimore 2015 Committee under the strong leadership of President Rahman Kadaba raised the fund for the Charity Project through the sale of raffle tickets which was drawn at the Christmas and New Year Celebration. After all the raffle expenses, we awarded $4800.00 to Aneesh to build his much needed home. I take this opportunity to thank all the hard work and dedication that Mr. Rahman and his team and everyone else who worked and contributed towards this cause. Suraj Mammen

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We, the middle school students are like middle children in a family. The ones that arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t treated as special as the elementary schools, nor given the many privileges as the high schools ahead of us. No, we as a group completed this stage with most difficulty. The stage of transition into maturity. The stage of growing out of our shells to reveal our true selves. The stage where it seems as if everything changed both mentally, and physically. Together we are working to pass the finish line with hard work, responsibility, and drama on our shoulders. Following the footsteps of our inspiration, we begin to work towards our goal on making our own history. Yes, we do all of this in our state as the middle children. Hand in hand, we climbed up the three tall and fierce steps, leading us to success. As the middle children, we have accomplished much in just the three years, at middle school. The first step was very new and frightening. We

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were just getting used to our surroundings and placing the best first impressions on the teachers and staff, who we still see around the halls. So many new faces from other schools were introduced to us, new friendships were budding from the left and the right. Entering middle school gave us a glimpse to the start of our teenage life. The stage where we look back at and cannot help but be filled with nostalgia and the remembrance of cringe worthy moments. So, yes sixth grade was very scary and brand new, but as beginners, I would say we completed that stage pretty well. As for the second step, this was the stage that really highlighted our inner middle child. Not only were we in the middle of two very important steps, but also only learning our purpose as seventh graders. The sixth graders were the newbies getting used to the middle school scenery. And the eighth graders studying hard to prepare for high school. So what were we in seventh grade? Again, the second step was just as important as the others. To me, it was the stage where we built upon many things such as friendships, our education, social skills, etc. As a seventh grader, I was able to find many new hidden talents and secrets about me. It was a stage of mere transition into becoming the oldest children in the school soon. The second step was not useless, we all learned many things from our seventh grade experience. And that is how we conquered the seventh grade. Following our seventh grade year was the third and final step. Even though this was the year most difficult, at the same time, I’ll have to say it was the year I enjoyed the most. We were at the top of our game, looking down at the little fish below us. No longer being looked down upon as the small and fright-

ened children, we were now the confident, strong and proud eighth graders about to leave the nurturing nest. As much as I loved the many journeys we took, and climbing the third step, there is a lot of stress as we are about to enter a whole different age, where we would no longer be the ‘middle’ children. Many of us are frightened to step out of our comfort zone. Others are excited to leave and find a new journey. But there is one thing I know we all hold dearly as we leave our age of being the ‘middle’ children. The memories of enjoying middle school together as one will always be with us forever. We cannot thank the teachers enough for the wonderful memories they have provided us. But I know that it will only get more challenging from here. There will be many times during the four years ahead, when we will be stressed out of our minds and want to just throw all our priorities and responsibilities out the window. But we will need to be strong and work through the hardships to succeed. We, now graduates of middle school, will work our hardest to pass the finish line with pride and strength. With this will also come many other memories that will stick with us, good and bad. As the ‘middle’ children about to sign off, we promise as a team, we will fight with all of our ability to complete our final stage in middle school. The step of transition, maturity, growth, and finding the passion we all individually hold as a unique person. Thank you middle school and my fellow ‘middle’ children, for this head start. (Middle School Graduation Speech)

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What’s the Brexit? On June 23, 2016, referendum took place in the United Kingdom (UK). This is where everyone of a voting age can participate. The topic of the vote was whether the UK should stay in the European Union (EU). Leaving won by 52% while 48% voted to remain. This referendum had on of the highest voter turnout in the UK with more than 30 million people voting. This has been named “Brexit” as a shorthand way of saying that Britain is exiting the EU. European Union The European Union is a partnership of 28 European countries, founded in 1993, after the second World War. The purpose of it was to encourage trade relations so that the member countries would be less likely to go to war with each other. Since then, the EU has developed into a single market economy, which means that people and goods move around as if the member countries were one big country. The EU has its own currency, the euro, which is used by 19 countries, and has its own parliament that determines rules about many things including the environment, and consumer rights. What now? In order for the UK to leave the EU it has to initiate an agreement called Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty. It details how a member of the EU can leave. David Cameron, the Prime Minister of the UK, has to decide when to initiate this and that will start the official legal process of leaving the EU. This article has only been in force since 2009 and has never been used before so there are many doubts about it working. This article will probably have to be used under the next Prime Minister, because Mr. Cameron plans to resign in October. He was not in favor of leaving the EU and believes that “fresh leadership” is needed. But for now, the UK will still have to follow law set by the EU until a with-

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drawal agreement is agreed upon. The loss of value of the British pound and decreases in the stock market are some effects of Brexit. Who and Why? The main players that pushed for the UK to leave the EU were the UK Independence Party as well as half of Conservative members of Parliament and the Democratic Unionist Party. The name of this campaign is the Leave. The main reasons for wanting to leave include the argument that the EU imposes too many rules on businesses, as well as charged expensive membership fees. The UK also wanted to take back control of its borders so it could reduce the number of people allowed to go there to live and work. The other side, the Remain, include the Prime Minister David Cameron, sixteen of the twenty one members of the PM’s cabinet, the Labour Party, the Scottish National Party, the Party of Wales, the Liberal Democratic Party, as well as US President Barack Obama and other EU coun-

tries including France and Germany. The basis of this argument are that the EU boosts the UK’s status in the world, it makes it easier for the UK to buy and sell goods to other EU members countries, and the flow of immigrants fuel economic growth. References "Brexit: David Cameron to Quit after UK Votes to Leave EU." BBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 June 2016. Hunt, Brian Wheeler Alex. "The UK's EU Referendum: All You Need to Know."BBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 June 2016. Rankin, Jennifer, Mark Rice-Oxley, and Julian Borger. "What Is Article 50 and Why Is It so Central to the Brexit Debate?" The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 25 June 2016. Web. 28 June 2016.

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Profile for Kairali of Baltimore

Kairali Souvenir 2016  

Kairali Souvenir 2016

Kairali Souvenir 2016  

Kairali Souvenir 2016