01 | High Performance PennDesign Spring Semester 2018 Instructor: Marion Weiss Group Work with J.Lee Location: Naples, Florida Program: Theater, Cinema, Conservatory Software: Rhino, Revit, V-ray
| Staging a New Cultural Infrastructure As the demographics of theater, concert audiences, and museum members are changing, so too are the identities of musical performance and the visual arts, which are increasingly enriched through overlapping agendas. Simultaneous with this cultural evolution is the unfolding global impact that climate change has on coastal communities within the flood plain and near the waterâ€™s edge. If theater and music performance halls present ever-changing art forms in a cultural setting,climate change should affect the way we think of the interplay between the infrastructures of coastal resilience and the structures for performance and cultural resilience. High performance, a term associated with performance spaces that calibrate the simultaneous volumetric, acoustical, and visual demands of musical and theatrical presentations, is also often used to refer to highly resilient landscapes and infrastructures. While traditional expectations for high performance cultural spaces focused on distinct divisions across the arts, contemporary research notes that the interests and attentions of cultural audiences are changing. Audiences are defining culture in terms that are more elastic and casual, with less regard for the distinctions between high and popular art, or between for profit and not-for-profit pursuits. New cultural complexes must now include new criteria for design and question what contemporary audiencesâ€”and artistsâ€”want in spaces for the arts.
The site of the project, originally the site of Artis-Naples, is located in the heart of Naples.
Brooklyn Botanic Garden Visitor Center
Brooklyn Heights Promenade
infrastructure layered roads
public space park promenade
case study This studio was initiated with a three-week research project on case studies. Our team studied brooklyn botanic garden visitor center and brooklyn heights promenade. We extracted the key features of these projects and tried to apply them to our new design. Building on this research, we developed new design paradigms that explore symmetries between fully protected performance worlds and emergent ideas for culturally resilient infrastructures.
after 50 years Currently there are a lot of green spaces and public spaces and no high rise tower near the site. However, for this project, we expect and consider the future. After 50 years, the sea level will rise drastically and therefore a new water edge will be created near the site. A lot of high-rise buildings will be constructed and the population will be highly dense. Most of land around the site will be commercialized and privatized. Therefore public space and green space will be reduced of disappeared.
formation formationofof the thenew new water wateredge edge due duetotothe the rising risingofofthe the sea sealevel level
new water edge after 50 years
current water edge
1 Existing buildings - Artis theater and Bakers museum
2 The existing buildings except the interior of the the-
ater and the museum are demolished.
3 A new parking building and a conservatory, and a cafe are
4 All the buildings are connected.
formed. And the museum is extended.
5 The ground floor is divided into the garden and the city.
The new building will provide a legible point of arrival and orientation, an interface between garden and city.
6 Several layered promenades surrounding the building are
8 The main public space engages the ground plane and
7 Slanted green spaces for the public are created
opens to the city. The high rise towe is designed to accommodate several cultural programs.
project background The goal of this studio is to create a newly resilient design that supports the interdependence of performance and art spaces with generosity to an extended community. The interior of the existing theather and bakers museum should remain. The new cultural complex will include two new performance halls, a museum expansion, and an inspired car park. One inportant issue to consider when designing the new cultural complex is the rising of the sea level after 50 years.
200 seat theater At 20th floor there is a 200-seat-theater. Various musical performance can be held.
1 stairs 2 elevators 3 toilet 4 backstage 5 waiting room 6 stage
Multifelx From 22nd floor to 24th floor there are movie theaters. There is a total of sixx theaters.
1 stairs 2 elevators 3 toilet 4 movie theater 5 waiting room
Public Library From 16th floor to 17th floor there is a public library. People can enjoy reading books without any constraints.
1 stairs 2 elevators 3 toilet 4 reading room 5 library 6 computer room
Conservatory On the top floor there is a indoor conservatory. This conservatory also functions as a waiting room for the audience .
1 stairs 2 elevators 3 toilet 4 conservatory 5 artificial pond
4 1 2
On September 10th, 2017, Naples, Florida, located on the southwest edge of the state, was overwhelmed by Hurricane Irmaâ€™s 145-mile winds and torrential rains. Artis-Naples, southwest Floridaâ€™s premier cultural institution, is located in the heart of Naples and sustained moderate damage from the storm, impacting the operation of the museum and stimulating the institution to develop more ambitious plans for both its physical and cultural resilience. This cultural institution, which is unlike any other cultural institution in the United States, hosts both performing and visual arts, with two theaters and a collecting museum.
As a relatively young cultural institution, built in 1987 to house the Naples Philharmonic, the Artis-Naples campus grew rapidly over the past twenty years to include additional performance spaces and the Baker Museum. The goal of this studio is to create a newly resilient design that supports the interdependence of performance and art spaces with generosity to an extended community. The interior of the existing theater and bakers museum should remain. The new cultural complex will include two new performance halls, a museum expansion, and an inspired car park. One important issue to consider when designing the new cultural complex is the rising of the sea level after 50 years.
1 artis naples theater 2 organ room 3 prop room 4 musician room 5 catering room 6 director room 7 dress room 8 storage 9 museum
10 storage 11 display 12 conservatory 13 restaurant 14 artificial waterfall 15 artificial lake 16 artificial lake 17 parking
ground floor plan
1 stairs 2 elevator 3 toilet 4 waiting rooms 5 stage 6 theater
1 2 6
20th floor plan
ground floor entrance
This high rise tower has an offset core to accommodate various cultural programs such as theaters, cinemas, outdoor theater, conservatory and observation space. There are also studios for artists and practice rooms for musicians.
619’ 608’ 597’ 586’ 575’ 564’ 553’ 542’ 531’
444’ 429’ 418’ 407’ 396’ 385’
259’ 248’ 237’ 226’ 215’ 204’ 193’ 182’
160’ 149’ 138’
73’ 54’ 36’ 18’
After fifty years most of the space around the site will be commercialized and privatized. A lot of high rise towers will be constructed and therefore this area will be a heavily populated area. Therefore a lot of green spaces, public spaces, and parks will disappear. Considering this situation we made extensive green park with artificial lakes and artificial water fall on the ground floor for the public. Due to this extensive park there is not enough space to accommodate various cultural programs on the ground floor. Therefore we made a high rise tower with an offset core to accommodate various cultural programs such as theaters, cinemas, outdoor theater, conservatory and observation space. There are also studios for artists and practice rooms for musicians. This tower is open to the public therefore people can enjoy the cultural life regardless of their financial situation.
1:400 physical model
This cultural complex will be the landmark of the city. People can enjoy the beautiful sunset of Florida at the observation space which is on the top of the tower. Conservatory+theater is an unique combination. The conservatory is not only a public space but a waiting room. People who are going to the theater can sit and wait here enjoying the trees, flowers, artificial lake
1:400 physical model
02 | Evolving Tower PennDesign Spring Semester 2017 Instructor: Hina Jamelle Individual work Location: West SoHo, New York Program: Shopping mall, Hotel, Stage Software: Rhino, Maya, V-ray
Develop a unique strategy to design an architectural skin that subsequently defines the program of the building The goal of this project is to make an innovative and landmark tower in New York City through new developmental strategy. This project starts with analyzing the transformation of a living organism in nature. We chose a butterfly to study. We extracted several characteristics of the butterfly and applied its characteristics to the building during the designing process. The characteristics affects the form of the architectural skin and the form of the skin subsequently affects the program of the building. We also analyzed the context around the site. The tower is located next to Childrenâ€™s Museum of Manhattan and very close to Soho/Tribeca art districts. This place is vibrant and full of artistic visitors. We studied the surrounding of the site and found that there is few buildings related to clothing. There is no shopping mall or department store near the site and there is no clothing store. Therefore we decided to design this 34 story-building as a mixed use building including clothing shopping mall, a luxury hotel, office space and a fashion show stage. From ground floor to tenth floor there are a lot of clothing stores selling chic and unique clothing at reasonable prices. There are office spaces between 11th floor and 14th floor. The luxury hotel is between 15th floor to 30th floor. And there is a fashion show stage and runway on the top floor.
Time / Days Butterfly | Symmetrical
Eclosion | cracked
Pupa | Layered
Larva | segmented
This diagram shows the life cycle of a butterfly and the characteristics of each stage. A butterfly starts life as a very small, round, oval or cylindrical egg and finally becomes an adult butterfly. Each symbol reflects the characteristic of each stage. The larger the symbol is the more suitable conditions it indicates.
Architectural skin reflecting the characteristics of the butterfly life cycle The characteristics which are extracted from the study of the lifecycle of a butterfly are applied to the design of the architectural skin of the building. Like the stage of pupa and larva, the architectural skin splits and then segmented to form floors. The upper part of the skin is delicate and transparent like the egg stage and the lower part is symmetrical, layered, and solid like the stage of pupa and adult butterfly. The overall characteristics of the skin resembles the lifecycle of the butterfly.
S Primary Structure
fashion show stage
s ath rP Ca
site condition and structure Post-tensioned slabs rest on round concrete columns that slant and turn with the building while the core resists the torque created by the twist. A hat truss at the top of the tower diffuses the force within the structure.
Ground Floor Lobby and Shoppong area a fashion mall full of trendy fashion items including designer shops, select shops, luxury brand stores, cafes, and restaurants
1. Elevators for office use 2. Elevators for hotel use 3. Shoping Mall 4. Cafe 5. Lobby 6. Entrance
17th Floor Hotel Rooms luxury hotel that offers the quintessential location for both business and leisure travelers in New York City
1. Elevators for office use 2. Elevators for hotel use 3. Hotel rooms 4. Lounge
Top Floor Fashion show runway a best place to demonstrate clothing and accessories
1. Elevators for office use 2. Elevators for hotel use 3. Cafe 4. Fashion Show Runway 5. Main stage 6. Back stage
interior view of hotel lobby
cutaway section Columns are enclosed with the steel facade. As they are inside the facade you cannot see the column from outside or inside of the building, which is an advantage from an aesthetic point of view.
Insulation Aluminum . Composite Panel System
Ribbed Steel Decking
Air Duct, Fire Damper
Wall sections & Detail Wall Section Columns are enclosed with the steel facade. As they are inside the facade you cannot see the column from outside or inside of the building, which is an advantage from an aesthetic point of view.
03 | Flowline Competition Project Fall 2014 Individual work Location: Ulsan, Korea Program: Indoor and Outdoor Promenade Software: Rhino, Maya, V-ray Special Prize was awarded
Why is there no huge bridge solely for people? This project started with this question. Most of the bridges in Korea and also in many other countries are for vehicles not for people. You can easily imagine that in most cases the sidewalks on the bridges are narrow and therefore dangerous. Considering that human centered design is one of the most important factor in architecture design I wanted to design a bridge only for people where people can amble along enjoying the view of the river. There were two main problems for a pedestrian bridge crossing the river. Money and space. This pedestrian bridge is the solution solving those problems. There were already a lot of bridges crossing the Taehwa river in Ulsan therefore Instead of designing an independent new bridge I tried to design a bridge that relies on some structural part of an existing bridge. Through this solution the construction cost can be reduced and the new bridge does not need to take up new space on the river. I chose Haksung Bridge because it is located at the center of the city. Most of the important buildings, cultural facilities, and high streets are located near the Haksung Bridge, North of the river. And there are large department stores, a bus terminal, and the train station south of the river. Therefore there is a large floating population around the bridge. So the Flowline will connect people from the North and the South.
very narrow space for people
accessibility to the riverside is limited due to the roads
outdoor promenade and observation space
Most of the bridges in Korea and also in many other countries are for vehicles not for people. You can easily imagine that in most cases the sidewalk on the bridges are narrow and therefore dangerous. Considering that human centered design is one of the most important factor in architecture design I wondered why there is no huge bridge only for people. This project was started with this question. I wanted to design a bridge just for people where people do not need to worry about traffic and also the bridge where people can amble along enjoying the view of the river. There were two main problems for a pedestrian bridge crossing the river. Money and space. This pedestrian bridge is the solution solving these problems.
Furniture Shopping District
Train Station Department Store
public space and cafes
There were already a lot of bridges crossing the Taehwa river in Ulsan therefore Instead of designing an independent new bridge I tried to design a bridge that relies on some structural part of an existing bridge. Through this solution the construction cost can be reduced and the new bridge does not need to take up new space on the river.
ocated at the center of the city. Most of the important buildings, cultural facilities, and high streets are located near the Haksung Bridge, North of the river. And also there are large department stores, a bus terminal, and the train station south of the river. Therefore there is a large floating population around the bridge. So the Flowline will connect people from the North and the South.
The main structure of the bridge is truss. It can be said that the whole bridge is a truss structure because truss has several advantages such as long span, lightweight, reduced deflection, the opportunity to support considerable loads. The Flowline is mainly supported by reinforced columns and piles which are newly built and attached to the existing columns of the bridge. And also there are structural parts which also contribute to external appearance. At both ends of the Flowline there are double deck cantilever structures below the road which are public spaces. As it is a cantilever structure there is no column so people can enjoy the spectacular scenery of the river with no obstacle.
The cantilever structure public space is an intermediate space connecting between the high road and the low river bank, which contributes to easy accessibility to the river. The curvy form of the bridge is not only for aesthetic purpose. There are two high observation spaces in the north and in the south on the bridge where people can enjoy the stunning view of the river on the river. Therefore the curvy move of the form is a natural result of this purpose and program. There is also the indoor path which utilizes the space below the existing bridge between the two columns. Therefore people can enjoy walking regardless of the weather.
cantilever structure public space
public space exterior and interior skin
elevation from the west
elevation from the east
section from the east
indoor path below the existing bridge
public space of cantilever structure
04 | Tiny House PennDesign Fall Semester 2017 Instructor: Robert Stuart Smith Group Work with Morgan Location: Relocatable Program: Temporary Accommodation Software: Maya, Rhino, V-ray
single cut / figurative
two cuts / figurative
single cut / tectonic
two cuts / tectonic
multiple cuts / overlapped
In this studio we were supposed to design a tiny relocatable house with a driverless car. The first task was to create a scenario or a business model using the relocatable house and a driverless car. Our business model was that we establish a travel agency and the target customers were nature travelers who have a difficulty finding nice accommodation.
Our travel agency delivers the house to the travelerâ€™s destination. In order to fulfill this requirement the house had to be easily transportable and prefabricated. Therefore we divided the house into eight modules that fit in the shipping containers or trucks.
the surfaces of each module are changed to ruled surface
foams for each module are cut through by robotic hot-wire cutting(RHWC)
fiber reinforced concrete are poured into the foam mould
each module is divided with the 3d grid of the size of the foam
foams are glued together to make the mould
cast concrete module
The eight modules can be assembled and disassembled on site. With regard to the fabrication, we used robotic hot-wire cutting (RHWC) to cut through industrial EPS foam to make the moulds for concrete casting.
final mould for one module
study model of a part of the house
As we were using the hot wire the most important constraint was that all the surfaces should have been transformed to ruled surfaces so that the hot wire could cut them.
connection of the modules
pipe for heating/cooling
One important factor of this project was the driverless car. In this project the driverless car doesn’t only transport people but also provide heating and cooling to the house. When heating and cooling are need you need to connect the pipes for heating and cooling of the house to the car so the car can supply them.
· siteless and relocatable · small · enough structural strength
· hemisphere form · enough structural strength · entrance for the car · embedded driverless car
· enclosed toilet · strengthen the structure · enable thiner concrete
· efficient space use · living room · kitchen and beds · in one place
· several openings · travelers can enjoy view
· opening · shadows · wider int
s are extruded truded d s are made terior
modules Âˇ divided into 8 modu ules Âˇ seams for aesthetics
the house should be made with several modules and easily assembled and disassembled. And also each modules should be transportable with pickup trucks or container so the size of each module should fit to that size.
Plan As the house is very tiny two beds, a sofa and kitchen space are all in one space for efficient use of the space. The toilet is at the center of the house therefore it is a completely eclosed space and also functions as a support of the house.
2 6 5 1
1 sofa 2 bed 3 sink 4 toilet 5 entrance 6 pipe for heating/cooling
Section The house is comprised of 8 modules. Each module can be easily assembled and disassembled at site. And also each module can be transported with large trucks or containers.
1 sofa 2 bed 3 sink 4 toilet 5 entrance 6 water tank 7 pipe for heating/cooling
IoT is also an important factor of this house. Most of the devices in the house and the driverless car are embedded with electronics, software, sensors and connectivity therefore these are all connected and can exchange data. The travelers who want to use this house and driverless car just need to provide their itinerary and their personal information online.
The company transport the modules of the house to the destination and assemble on site
input Clients input their information and itinerary via internet site of the company
According to the diet of the clients which was imput from the begining all the ingredients are in the refrigerator and cooking guide is shown on the monitor at the kitchen
driverless car The driverless car picks up the clients at the airport to the house. The car is programme according to the itinerary so it carries the clients to the everyday destination
Wakes up tourists their itinerary.Rem programs, custom
according mote m tunes
Centralized control for remote interface to any other device
The house is disassembled after the guests leave the house. The modules are returne to the warehouse of the company.
security cameras interact with facial recognition database
HVAC Controls temperature & lights for maximum efficiency
payment guests pay the accommodation fee according to the calculation of the use of water, electricity calculated automatically.
departure The dirverless car drives the guests to the last destination such as airports or train stations
05 | Micro Apartment PennDesign Fall Semester 2016 Instructor: Kutan Ayata Individual Work Location: New York Program: Residential, Office Software: Rhino, Revit, V-ray
NYC is one of the most densely populated regions of North America. The rents for offices and apartments are too high for most people to afford. That is the reason why micro housing projects are booming in this region. However most of these micro housing projects only offer standardized small units with no various options. This Micro Apartment is a building that was born as a solution of this problem. Micro Apartment is a building where people work, live, share spaces, and associate with each other. Strangeness and uniqueness not only in appearance but in interior space is the concept of this building. Micro Apartment offers basically small but a wide range of unit types therefore people can choose the unit according to their financial situation. The units range from very small units that shares the kitchen from units with one bedroom. Appropriate structural support is required to create a wide range of floor plans. The facade plays the key role in this building. It is a structural facade that bears the vertical load of the building. The bearing load facade does not only make the appearance of the building unique but also define the space inside the building unusual making the plan of each floor different. The facade are made with steel structure. And the steel structure functions as the mold of the concrete. That is to say the inner space of the steel facade is filled with concrete. So the facade itself is the reinforced concrete structure. Thanks to this facade there is no column in the building and this make is it possible to create various floor plans of the units
1 The facade should bear the vertical loads. Therefore the vertical lines were established. These lines are structural lines
3 Base on structural lines the facade is designed. One unique aspect is that you cannot tell the floors when you see the facade.
2 The facade also bears the lateral loads. Therefore the diagonal lines were established. These lines will be diagonal bracings
key elements of the building
argon gas filled windows
web connection plate
The facade are made with steel structure. And the steel structure functions as the mold of the concrete. That is to say the inner space of the steel facade is filled with concrete. So the facade itself is the reinforced concrete structure.
Thanks to the steel-frame structure a wide variety of floor plans are available. People with low income can choose a Micro Unit which have its own bathroom but shares kitchen. Those who don want to share kitchen can choose typical studio units or one bedroom units if they can afford them.
Micro Units This Floor is for small rooms with shared kitchem. These rooms are on the lower part of the building.
1. Bathroom 2. Bed 3. Communal Kitchen 4. Elev. Waiting Area 5. Double sided elevator 6. Egress
06 | Revit Project PennDesign Fall Semester 2014 Instructor: Franka Tubriano Individual Work Location: Seoul, Korea Program: Student Housing Software: Revit, V-ray
Cities are becoming huge and standardized these days and the population density is becoming higher. However the networks between individuals are disconnected and communities are losing their distinct characteristics. In this project I tried to maximize communal spaces where people can communicate with the neighbors. For this I focused on making various communal spaces that can attract people. There are three major types of communal spaces - communal living room, outdoor spaces, and green spaces. Some communal living rooms are connected not only horizontally but also vertically so people can naturally share spaces with various people. And also I focused on maximizing green spaces as there is no green space around the site. The geometric form of the building is for all these purposes. Most of the components such as doors, windows, kitchens, and furnitures are newly-made and customized parametric families and some of them are remodeled to parametric ones. One of the important concepts when designing the building was to provide sufficient green space within the building as there is no green space around the building. Each floor has several green spaces and there is an extensive outdoor garden on 5th floor. People today seem to pursue immediate gains and convenience. But they are losing the ability to relate to others. By minimizing private space and maximizing communal space people are induced to establish a closer relationship with the other people.
Private unit type A
Private unit type B
Connecting public spaces
Private unit type C
Private unit type D
Corculation of vehicles
Stores and offices
Site plan Elevators and stairs
Private unit type E
People today seem to pursue immediate gains and convenience. But they are losing the ability to relate to others. By minimizing private space and maximizing communal space people are induced to establish a closer relationship with the other people.
c e d
1 Basement floor 2 First floor 3 Second floor 4 Third floor
Most of the components families are newly designed to be parametric and applied to the model
a b c d e f g h i
cafeteria office convinient store office cafe communal kitchen library study room movie theater
One of the most important concept when designing the building was to provide sufficient green space within the building as there is no green space around the building. Each floor has several green spaces and there is an extensive outdoor garden on the 5th floor.
5 fourth floor 6 fifthe floor 7 sixth floor 8 seventh floor
j fitness center k fitness center l roof garden
| Digital Fabrication PennDesign Spring Semester 2018 Instructor: Mikael Avery Individual work Furniture Design : Coffee Table Software: Rhino Fabrication : CNC, Laser Cutting, 3D Printing
plywood CNC cut
plywood laser cut
3D printed parts
bottom part connection
upper part connection
plywood CNC cut
This coffee table is made with plywood and 3d printed plastic. The main idea is not to use conventional joins and not to use glue, nail or screw. By inserting each part to other parts the assembly can be completed. For this, each part need to be designed and fabricated very precisely.
3D printed parts
plywood laser cut
Professional works LAVA LABORATORY FOR VISIONARY ARCHITECTURE Berlin, Germany
KENGO KUMA & ASSOCIATES Tokyo, Japan
LAVA architect District Heidestrasse LAVA was invited to the competition to design a building comples for 30,000sqm area near the central train station in Berlin. In this competition I was in charge of making plan drawings for 6th and 7th floor. The program of the building changed several times as new ideas came out and as a result so did the plan and section. Working together with team members I had a chance to learn how to coordinate works of several different parts and how the architecture office streamlines the designing process.
LAVA architect Hotel Meininger Paris This is a brand new hotel that is opening next year in Paris. I worked through DD and CD phase. In this project, I worked with one team member and we were in charge of designing the interior of entire hotel including the ground floor and all the hotel rooms. I drew detail plan and section drawings of the interior. I was also in charge of selecting all the materials and furniture. I also designed furnitures for the bar, front desk and the restaurant on the ground floor. I made several renderings and had meetings with the clients and engineers regularly and revised the drawings according to their preference or requirements.
This is a high options and m and rendered interior acco from the ren
uma Associates Shibuya Tower
h rise building project near the Shibuya station in Tokyo which was at the design development stage. In this project I worked on facade design. I made several design made simple movies that show how the facade looks like when people walk or drive cars around the building and see the facade. My design for the facade was selected d by the rendering team. Using Rhino I designed the facade of the lower part of the building. I was also in charge of the interior design of the ground floor. I modeled the rding to the supervisors instruction. And also I rendered the ground floor interior. The images above are the rendering I did. I was provided with materials for the rendering dering team so I could make high quality renderings.
Kengo Kuma Associates Kitchen House Okayama
This was a renovation project of the regional headquarter of a kitchenware brand in Japan. It was at construction document stage. I was responsible for the landscape de interior design. I made several options for the landscape design. I tried to make the best arrangement of the trees and pathways. Above images are the rendering and dra the landscape I made. also in charge of the interior design of the building. I modeled the interior according to the supervisors instruction and made the renderings of the images above are the rendering I made.
esign and the awings of interior. The
Deisgn Study with Rhino, Diagram drawing with Illustrator