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Brand Faculteit Bouwkunde TU Delft Van lekkage tot instorting

Onderzoek naar de brand aan de Faculteit Bouwkunde op 13 mei 2008

Afstudeeropdracht Begeleidende docenten Begeleiding Efectis

Wiebe Scheffer (0815856) Jeroen van de Werfhorst (0815846) Ir. R.P.J. de Haas Dhr. H. Tieman Ing. M.P. de Feiter dr.ir. C. Both Ir. A.J. Breunese

Hogeschool Rotterdam G.J. de Jonghweg 4-6, 3015 GG, Rotterdam Efectis Nederland B.V. Lange Kleiweg 5, 2288 GH, Rijswijk


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2

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3

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Afbeelding 2.3 afmetingen gebouw

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Afbeelding 2.5 Inrichting gebouw

Afbeelding 2.6 Indeling gebouw

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4

Digitaal communicatie systeem, in het COT rapport zijn de tijden vastgelegd aan de hand van bandopnames #

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5

De tijd die een fotocamera koppelt aan de gemaakte foto

6

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Afbeelding 5.1 Compartimentering 1965 / 2008

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Afbeelding 6.1 Plattegrond van begane grond, met in het grijs is de hoogbouw weergegeven

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

Afbeelding 6.2 Hoogbouw.

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566#7#<:9#..

966#7#966#..

566#7#886#..

966#7#966#..

Tabel 6.1 Kritieke Afmetingen van de kolommen

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

Afbeelding 6.3 Doorsnede vloeren

#

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#

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Afbeelding 6.4 Gebouw een dag na de brand

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

#

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Afbeelding 6.5 Beelden van het instorten

!"#89%%3$-./#:7;#-*#%+%.%%.*#)%#=-%.#$&)#%,#5-<#$%#013122%.#1"#$%#&'()*)%#+%,$-%"-./#,110#.&&,#56-)%.# 012)#>/%53&=%.?@#A&&,#$-)#.-%)#=-'()5&&,#-*#1"#&.$%,%#+%,$-%"-./%.7

Afbeelding 6.6 Beelden van het instorten.

B%)#$&0#+&.#$%#+%%,4%.$%#+%,$-%"-./#%.#$%#+31%,%.#+&.#)A%%#+%,$-%"-./%.#$&&,#1.$%,@#(&./%.#&3#$6-$%3-<0# $11,7#C,#=-<.#4<$%.*#(%)#212%.)#+&.#5%=A-<0%.#%.0%3%#5,6-05&,%#+-$%15%%3$%.#%.#D1)1?*#/%2&&0)7#8&.#$%# (&.$#+&.#$%=%#5%%3$%.#=16#06..%.#A1,$%.#/%'1.*)&)%%,$#$&)#(%)#5%=A-<0%.#1"#$%#=%*$%E=%+%.$%# +%,$-%"-./#-*#5%/1..%.7#F%#=%*$%#%.#=%+%.$%#+%,$-%"-./#5%*31%/%.#GG.#5,&.$'12"&,42%.)@#$%#)%0%.=&3%.# A&,%.#$&.#110#)A%%#+%,$-%"-./%.#(11/@#%'()%,#A&,%.#$%#0&.)1,%.#A%3#1"/%516A$#"%,#+%,$-%"-./#5-..%.# (%)#'12"&,42%.)7#B-%,#-*#&3*#%%,*)%#A&&,.%%25&&,#$&)#$%#,110#-.#5%A%/-./#012)@#$-)#=%3D$%#-*#+&.# )1%"&**-./#1"#$%#5%A%/-./#+&.#$%#/%+%3#&&.#(%)#5%/-.#+&.#(%)#5%=A-<0%.7#83#01,)#.&#(%)#5%=A-<0%.#+&.#$%# 013122%.#012%.#&33%#51+%.3-//%.$%#+31%,%.#%.#$%#/%(%3%#/%+%3#-.#5%A%/-./@#$-)#12$&)#$%#013122%.#(-%,# $-,%')#2%%#-.#+%,5-.$-./#*)1.$%.7 #

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Afbeelding 6.7 gespatte kolom

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Afbeelding 6.8 Vloeren en stabiliteitswand

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Tabel 6.2 Vloeitemperatuur van glas

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Afbeelding 6.9 Glas en kozijnen na de brand

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Tabel 6.3 Variabele vuurbelasting per gebouw type

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11

COT Rapport; Medewerker probeert stroom uit te schakelen van koffiezetapparaat

12

Ooggetuige verslag TNO: Brandweer mensen ter plaatse

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Tijdlijn brand TU Delft Faculteit Bouwkunde 6:30

7:00

7:30

8:00

8:30

9:00

9:30

10:00

10:30

11:00

11:30

12:00

12:30

13:00

13:30

14:00

14:30

15:00

15:30

16:00

16:30

17:00

17:30

Tijdlijn incident

6:30 - 7:00 Waterschade ontdekt actie wordt ondernomen

8:15 Student ruikt vreemde geur bij koffiezet apparaat

8:30 Koffie automaat staat in plas water

9:00 Medewerker belt 112 , is niet mogelijk wegens missen van spanning

9:22 Brand wordt gemeld 9:25 Ontruiming wordt gestart

10:30 RTV West laat eerste beelden op tv zien

10:31 Helikopter KLPD maakt Infrarood opname

16:40 Een deel van het gebouw stort in

12:15 Brandweer verlaat gebouw blussing wordt alleen nog vanaf buitenzijde uitgevoerd

Inzet BHV

Zie tijdlijn ontruiming voor verdere uitwerking

9:00 BHV krijg melding van brand op 6e etage

9:23 9:32 BHV start Gebouw volledig blussing ontruimd 9:25 BHV start totale ontruiming

Inzet Brandweer 9:16 Vraag om assistentie wateroverlast

9:18 Automatische brandmelding bij RAC. Aangenomen wordt dat dit door wateroverlast komt

9:22 AC alarmeert ploegen met hersteld bericht PRIO 1 Brand TU Delft

9:28 Ter plaatse 9:30 Middelbrand 9:33 Grote brand

9:50 Hovd, ovd ter plaatse 9:51 Zeer grote brand

10:03 GRIP 2 10:07 Compagnie inzet

11:30 Verlaat gebouw 12:15 Gebouw verlaten 13:00 GRIP 3

6:00 Brandmeester 7:45 Afgeschaald van GRIP 3

Verloop brand 9:10 BHV is van mening dat apparaat brand.

9:23 Vuurballen van plastic vallen uit apparaat

9:00 Er komt witte rook uit een gleuf boven op koffie automaat

9:15 Rook is toegenomen en donkerder van kleur

9:30 Brand koffie apparaat in vergevordert stadium

9:45 Gehele zesde verdieping staat in brand

10:07 6e, 7e, 8e en 9e verdieping uitslaand

11:25 6e, 7e, 8e, 9e, 10e en 11e verdieping volledig in brand

12:15 Brand overgeslagen naar laagbouw

13:30 â&#x20AC;&#x153;Explosieâ&#x20AC;? linkerkant gebouw waargenomen door ooggetuigen

Rook verspreiding 9:30 Gehele 6e verdieping gevuld met licht grijze rook

9:33 Dikke rook laag vult de ruimte en leidt tot flashover

13:00 Rook verspreidt door het gehele gebouw en is dikker en donkerder van kleur

17:30 11e en 12e verdieping branden


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1

Tekst afkomstige van NIBHV; Nederlands instituut voor BedrijfsHulpVerlening


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Tijdlijn Ontruiming TU Delft Faculteit Bouwkunde

9:00 BHV krijg melding van brand op 6e etage.

COT, INT

9:10 COT, INT, Ontruiming 6e verdieping zuidvleugel. Er word ervoor gekozen om een E&Y gedeeltelijke ontruiming uit te voeren om zo te zorgen dat iedereen rustig het pand kan verlaten. Vanwege de lage bezetting is de zuidvleugel binnen enkele momenten ontruimd.

9:23 BHV start blussing.

COT,

9:25 BHV start totale ontruiming door middel van een slow whoop alarm. Sommige werknemers en studenten horen het signaal niet omdat ze in de portocabins aan de oostzijde bevinden. Hier is het ontruimingsignaal niet hoorbaar. BHVâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ers ontdekken ook een slechthorende medewerker. Deze heeft ook het ontruimingsignaal niet gehoord en word meegenomen.

COT, INT, E&Y Intersecco

9:32 Gebouw volledig ontruimd.

COT, INT


!"#$%&'() !'*'+',",&',(-./(0123 4%*"%,5(3


Bijlage Variant 1,

TU DELFT

PROJECTGEGEVENS Omschrijving: Werknummer: Status: Bestand: Aangemaakt op: Gewijzigd op:

Variant 1 C:\Documents and Settings\Roll Call\Mijn documenten\Scenario 1.wnf 28-5-2010 door: Roll Call 2-6-2010 door: Roll Call

BRANDRUIMTEN TEKENZAAL 6E EN 7E VERDIEPING TEKENZAAL 8E EN 9E VERDIEPING

SCENARIO'S Scenario Hoofdstuk 5

Brandruimte van TEKENZAAL 6E EN 7E VERDIEPING

Brandruimte naar TEKENZAAL 8E EN 9E VERDIEPING

VOORZIENINGEN Voorzieningenset: Voorziening [voorziening]

Standaardsituatie Brandruimte --

Wand --

Gevelopening --

Brandwerend vanaf niet brandwerend

Afstand [mm] 0

RESULTATEN Scenario:

Hoofdstuk 5

Brandruimte van: Brandruimte naar:

TEKENZAAL 6E EN 7E VERDIEPING TEKENZAAL 8E EN 9E VERDIEPING

Set voorzieningen:

Standaardsituatie

Observatiepunt Onder 1 Onder 2 Onder 3 Onder 4 Onder 5 Onder 6 Onder 7 Midden 1 Midden 2 Midden 3 Midden 4 Midden 5 Midden 6 Midden 7 Boven 1 Boven 2 Boven 3 Boven 4 Boven 5 Boven 6 Boven 7

Flux [kW/m²] 31,161 32,328 32,506 32,532 32,505 32,320 31,156 7,791 8,281 8,377 8,394 8,377 8,281 7,795 2,004 2,344 2,470 2,503 2,471 2,344 2,004

OK Nee, voldoet niet Nee, voldoet niet Nee, voldoet niet Nee, voldoet niet Nee, voldoet niet Nee, voldoet niet Nee, voldoet niet Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja

Mogelijke maatregelen bij set voorzieningen: Standaardsituatie Eén of meer observatiepunten hebben een te hoge stralingsflux. Indien het om vertikale brandoverslag gaat, kan de hierna volgende tabel worden gebruikt voor het bepalen van maatregelen. De tabel geeft voor alle openingen in de bronruimte de benodigde balkondiepte om verticale brandoverslag via deze opening te voorkomen. De balkonplaat en/of borstwering moeten dan tenminste 30 minuten brandwerend worden uitgevoerd. De gebruiker bepaalt zelf welke balkons wel en welke balkons niet relevant zijn ter voorkoming van verticale brandoverslag. Indien het een situatie betreft met alleen horizontale brandoverslag of een situatie met zowel horizontale als verticale brandoverslag, is de tabel niet geldig. Brandruimte TEKENZAAL 6E E...

NPR6091 V1.12

Wand Gevel voor

Gevelopening Raam voor

Benodigde balkondiepte 3.231 mm

2 juni 2010, 13:57 uur, blz. 1


Bijlage Variant 1,

TU DELFT

BRANDRUIMTE: TEKENZAAL 6E EN 7E VERDIEPING Industriefunctie: Gespiegeld: Vuurlast: Gereduceerd: Hoogte:

Nee Nee 30 Nee 6.300

[kg vurenhout / m!] [mm]

Detailresultaten brandruimte

Vloeroppervlakte (Af) Referentievloeroppervlakte (AF;r) Reductiefactor Referentiewandoppervlakte (AT;r)

625,725 625,725 1,000 1.865,540

[m!] [m!] [-] [m!]

Neutraal niveau (Hneutraal) Effectieve diepte (Deff) Maatgevende gastemperatuur (Tf) Massastroom uit (Muit) Hulpfactor (Psi) Hulpfactor (Eta) Afbrandsnelheid brandstofbeheerst Afbrandsnelheid ventilatiebeheerst Afbrandsnelheid (R)

2,217 42,599 1.168,868 122,053 28,142 7,642 10,429 8,098 8,098

[m] [m] [K] [kg/s] [kg/m!] [-] [kg vurenhout/s] [kg vurenhout/s] [kg vurenhout/s]

Wanden

Zuid zijde Achterzijde Trap Kantoor Compartiment wand Gevel voor

Invoer wand: Positie van X: 40.950 Y: Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

Invoer wand:

Zuid zijde 0 Z: 13.500 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

13.500 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

6.300 90,00 째 90,00 째

Achterzijde

Positie van X: 40.950 Y:

13.500 Z:

Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

13.950 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

NPR6091 V1.12

Positie tot 0 X: 40.950 Y:

Positie tot 0 X: 27.000 Y:

13.500 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

6.300 180,00 째 180,00 째

2 juni 2010, 13:57 uur, blz. 2


Bijlage Variant 1,

Invoer wand: Positie van X: 27.000 Y: Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

Invoer wand:

TU DELFT

Trap

13.500 Z: 2.700 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

16.200 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

6.300 90,00 째 90,00 째

Kantoor

Positie van X: 27.000 Y:

16.200 Z:

Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

27.000 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

NPR6091 V1.12

Positie tot 0 X: 27.000 Y:

Positie tot 0 X: 0 Y:

16.200 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

6.300 180,00 째 180,00 째

2 juni 2010, 13:57 uur, blz. 3


Bijlage Variant 1,

Invoer wand:

TU DELFT

Compartiment wand (Vervolg)

Positie van X: 0 Y:

16.200 Z:

Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

16.200 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Invoer wand:

Positie tot 0 X: 0 Y:

0 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

6.300 270,00 째 270,00 째

Gevel voor

Positie van X: 0 Y: Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

0 Z: 40.950 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Positie tot 0 X: 40.950 Y: Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

0 Z:

6.300 0,00 째 0,00 째

Ge v e lop e ninge n Raam voor

Invoer gevelopening: Raam voor Positie horizontaal: Positie verticaal: Breedte: Hoogte: Opgaande gevel:

150 450 20.000 5.300 Ja

[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]

De t ailr esult a t e n ge v e lop e ning: Raam voor Vlamhoogte (zi) Effectieve openinghoogte (hni) Horizontale projectie (pvj) Temperatuur basis (To;i) Convectief vermogen Massastroom in (min) Massastroom uit (muit) Aanliggend/afliggend

NPR6091 V1.12

3.431 5.299 3.534 1.153,15 8,098 122,053 122,053 Aanliggend

[mm] [mm] [mm] [K] [-] [kg/s] [kg/s]

2 juni 2010, 13:57 uur, blz. 4


Bijlage Variant 1,

TU DELFT

BRANDRUIMTE: TEKENZAAL 8E EN 9E VERDIEPING (Ve rvolg) Industriefunctie: Gespiegeld: Vuurlast: Gereduceerd: Hoogte:

Nee Nee 30 Nee 6.300

[kg vurenhout / m!] [mm]

De t ailr esult a t e n brandruimt e Vloeroppervlakte (Af) Referentievloeroppervlakte (AF;r) Reductiefactor Referentiewandoppervlakte (AT;r)

<--> <--> <--> <-->

[m!] [m!] [-] [m!]

Neutraal niveau (Hneutraal) Effectieve diepte (Deff) Maatgevende gastemperatuur (Tf) Massastroom uit (Muit) Hulpfactor (Psi) Hulpfactor (Eta) Afbrandsnelheid brandstofbeheerst Afbrandsnelheid ventilatiebeheerst Afbrandsnelheid (R)

<--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <-->

[m] [m] [K] [kg/s] [kg/m!] [-] [kg vurenhout/s] [kg vurenhout/s] [kg vurenhout/s]

Wand e n Zuid zijde Achterzijde Trap Kantoor Compartiment wand Gevel voor

Invoer wand:

Zuid zijde

Positie van X: 40.950 Y: Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

0 Z: 13.500 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Positie tot 6.300 X: 40.950 Y:

13.500 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

12.600 90,00 째 90,00 째

Ge v e lop e ninge n Raam gevel

Invoer gevelopening: Raam gevel Positie horizontaal: Positie verticaal: Breedte: Hoogte: Opgaande gevel:

150 450 13.200 5.300 Ja

[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]

De t ailr esult a t e n ge v e lop e ning: Raam ge v e l Vlamhoogte (zi) Effectieve openinghoogte (hni) Horizontale projectie (pvj) Temperatuur basis (To;i) Convectief vermogen Massastroom in (min) Massastroom uit (muit) Aanliggend/afliggend

NPR6091 V1.12

<--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <-->

[mm] [mm] [mm] [K] [-] [kg/s] [kg/s]

2 juni 2010, 13:57 uur, blz. 5


Bijlage Variant 1,

Invoer wand:

TU DELFT

Achterzijde

Positie van X: 40.950 Y:

13.500 Z:

Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

13.950 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Invoer wand: Positie van X: 27.000 Y: Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

Invoer wand:

13.500 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

12.600 180,00 ° 180,00 °

Trap

13.500 Z: 2.700 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Positie tot 6.300 X: 27.000 Y:

16.200 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

12.600 90,00 ° 90,00 °

Kantoor

Positie van X: 27.000 Y:

16.200 Z:

Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

27.000 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

NPR6091 V1.12

Positie tot 6.300 X: 27.000 Y:

Positie tot 6.300 X: 0 Y:

16.200 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

12.600 180,00 ° 180,00 °

2 juni 2010, 13:57 uur, blz. 6


Bijlage Variant 1,

Invoer wand:

TU DELFT

Compartiment wand

Positie van X: 0 Y:

16.200 Z:

Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

16.200 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Invoer wand:

Positie tot 6.300 X: 0 Y:

0 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

12.600 270,00 ° 270,00 °

Gevel voor

Positie van X: 0 Y: Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

0 Z: 40.950 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Positie tot 6.300 X: 40.950 Y:

0 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

12.600 0,00 ° 0,00 °

Ge v e lop e ninge n Raam voor

Invoer gevelopening: Raam voor Positie horizontaal: Positie verticaal: Breedte: Hoogte: Opgaande gevel: Observatiepunt Onder 1 Onder 2 Onder 3 Onder 4 Onder 5 Onder 6 Onder 7 Midden 1 Midden 2 Midden 3 Midden 4 Midden 5 Midden 6 Midden 7 Boven 1 Boven 2 Boven 3 Boven 4 Boven 5 Boven 6 Boven 7

150 450 40.650 5.300 Ja

[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]

Positie horz. [mm] 2.500 5.000 7.500 10.000 12.500 15.000 17.500 2.500 5.000 7.500 10.000 12.500 15.000 17.500 2.500 5.000 7.500 10.000 12.500 15.000 17.500

Positie vert. [mm] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.650 2.650 2.650 2.650 2.650 2.650 2.650 5.300 5.300 5.300 5.300 5.300 5.300 5.300

Helling [°] 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00

De t ailr esult a t e n ge v e lop e ning: Raam voor Vlamhoogte (zi) Effectieve openinghoogte (hni) Horizontale projectie (pvj) Temperatuur basis (To;i) Convectief vermogen Massastroom in (min) Massastroom uit (muit) Aanliggend/afliggend NPR6091 V1.12

<--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <-->

[mm] [mm] [mm] [K] [-] [kg/s] [kg/s]

2 juni 2010, 13:57 uur, blz. 7


Bijlage Variant 1,

NPR6091 V1.12

TU DELFT

2 juni 2010, 13:57 uur, blz. 8


!"#"$"%&%'"%()*+(,-./ 01#&1%2(3


Bijlage Variant 2

TU Delft

PROJECTGEGEVENS Omschrijving: Werknummer: Status: Bestand: Aangemaakt op: Gewijzigd op:

Variant 2 C:\Documents and Settings\Roll Call\Mijn documenten\Scenario 2.wnf 28-5-2010 door: Roll Call 2-6-2010 door: Roll Call

BRANDRUIMTEN Tekenzaal 6e en 7e verdieping Tekenzaal 8e en 9e verdieping

SCENARIO'S Scenario Hoofdstuk 5

Brandruimte van Tekenzaal 6e en 7e verdieping

Brandruimte naar Tekenzaal 8e en 9e verdieping

VOORZIENINGEN Voorzieningenset: Voorziening [voorziening]

Standaardsituatie Brandruimte --

Wand --

Gevelopening --

Brandwerend vanaf niet brandwerend

Afstand [mm] 0

RESULTATEN Scenario:

Hoofdstuk 5

Brandruimte van: Brandruimte naar:

Tekenzaal 6e en 7e verdieping Tekenzaal 8e en 9e verdieping

Set voorzieningen:

Standaardsituatie

Observatiepunt Midden 1 Midden 2 Midden 3 Midden 4 Midden 5 Midden 6 Midden 7 Onder 1 Onder 2 Onder 3 Onder 4 Onder 5 Onder 6 Onder 7 Boven 1 Boven 2 Boven 3 Boven 4 Boven 5 Boven 6 Boven 7

Flux [kW/m²] 5,421 5,630 5,664 5,670 5,664 5,630 5,421 25,377 25,931 26,000 26,010 25,998 25,931 25,375 0,741 0,859 0,899 0,909 0,899 0,859 0,741

OK Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja Nee, voldoet niet Nee, voldoet niet Nee, voldoet niet Nee, voldoet niet Nee, voldoet niet Nee, voldoet niet Nee, voldoet niet Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja Ja

Mogelijke maatregelen bij set voorzieningen: Standaardsituatie EĂŠn of meer observatiepunten hebben een te hoge stralingsflux. Indien het om vertikale brandoverslag gaat, kan de hierna volgende tabel worden gebruikt voor het bepalen van maatregelen. De tabel geeft voor alle openingen in de bronruimte de benodigde balkondiepte om verticale brandoverslag via deze opening te voorkomen. De balkonplaat en/of borstwering moeten dan tenminste 30 minuten brandwerend worden uitgevoerd. De gebruiker bepaalt zelf welke balkons wel en welke balkons niet relevant zijn ter voorkoming van verticale brandoverslag. Indien het een situatie betreft met alleen horizontale brandoverslag of een situatie met zowel horizontale als verticale brandoverslag, is de tabel niet geldig. Brandruimte Wand Tekenzaal 6e en 7e... Gevel voor Tekenzaal 6e en 7e... Gevel voor

NPR6091 V1.12

Gevelopening Raam voor [gevelopening]

Benodigde balkondiepte 197 mm 3.645 mm

2 juni 2010, 13:58 uur, blz. 1


Bijlage Variant 2

TU Delft

BRANDRUIMTE: TEKENZAAL 6E EN 7E VERDIEPING Industriefunctie: Gespiegeld: Vuurlast: Gereduceerd: Hoogte:

Nee Nee 30 Nee 6.300

[kg vurenhout / m!] [mm]

Detailresultaten brandruimte

Vloeroppervlakte (Af) Referentievloeroppervlakte (AF;r) Reductiefactor Referentiewandoppervlakte (AT;r)

625,725 625,725 1,000 1.899,540

[m!] [m!] [-] [m!]

Neutraal niveau (Hneutraal) Effectieve diepte (Deff) Maatgevende gastemperatuur (Tf) Massastroom uit (Muit) Hulpfactor (Psi) Hulpfactor (Eta) Afbrandsnelheid brandstofbeheerst Afbrandsnelheid ventilatiebeheerst Afbrandsnelheid (R)

1,836 42,599 1.278,617 84,741 33,839 11,208 10,429 7,761 7,761

[m] [m] [K] [kg/s] [kg/m!] [-] [kg vurenhout/s] [kg vurenhout/s] [kg vurenhout/s]

Wanden

Zuid zijde Achterzijde Trap Kantoor Compartiment wand Gevel voor

Invoer wand: Positie van X: 40.950 Y: Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

Invoer wand:

Zuid zijde 0 Z: 13.500 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

13.500 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

6.300 90,00 째 90,00 째

Achterzijde

Positie van X: 40.950 Y:

13.500 Z:

Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

13.950 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

NPR6091 V1.12

Positie tot 0 X: 40.950 Y:

Positie tot 0 X: 27.000 Y:

13.500 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

6.300 180,00 째 180,00 째

2 juni 2010, 13:58 uur, blz. 2


Bijlage Variant 2

Invoer wand: Positie van X: 27.000 Y: Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

Invoer wand:

TU Delft

Trap

13.500 Z: 2.700 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

16.200 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

6.300 90,00 째 90,00 째

Kantoor

Positie van X: 27.000 Y:

16.200 Z:

Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

27.000 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

NPR6091 V1.12

Positie tot 0 X: 27.000 Y:

Positie tot 0 X: 0 Y:

16.200 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

6.300 180,00 째 180,00 째

2 juni 2010, 13:58 uur, blz. 3


Bijlage Variant 2

Invoer wand:

TU Delft

Compartiment wand (Vervolg)

Positie van X: 0 Y:

16.200 Z:

Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

16.200 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Invoer wand:

Positie tot 0 X: 0 Y:

0 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

6.300 270,00 째 270,00 째

Gevel voor

Positie van X: 0 Y: Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

Positie tot 0 X: 40.950 Y:

0 Z: 40.950 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

0 Z:

6.300 0,00 째 0,00 째

Ge v e lop e ninge n Raam voor [gevelopening]

Invoer gevelopening: Raam voor Positie horizontaal: Positie verticaal: Breedte: Hoogte: Opgaande gevel:

150 450 20.000 1.800 Ja

[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]

De t ailr esult a t e n ge v e lop e ning: Raam voor Vlamhoogte (zi) Effectieve openinghoogte (hni) Horizontale projectie (pvj) Temperatuur basis (To;i) Convectief vermogen Massastroom in (min) Massastroom uit (muit) Aanliggend/afliggend

397 622 415 1.532,72 0,449 84,741 4,904 Aanliggend

[mm] [mm] [mm] [K] [-] [kg/s] [kg/s]

Invoer gevelopening: [gevelopening] Positie horizontaal: Positie verticaal: Breedte: Hoogte: Opgaande gevel:

150 3.550 20.000 1.800 Ja

[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]

De t ailr esult a t e n ge v e lop e ning: [ge v e lop e ning] Vlamhoogte (zi) Effectieve openinghoogte (hni) Horizontale projectie (pvj) Temperatuur basis (To;i) Convectief vermogen Massastroom in (min) Massastroom uit (muit) Aanliggend/afliggend

NPR6091 V1.12

3.845 2.700 1.801 1.129,06 7,312 0,000 79,836 Aanliggend

[mm] [mm] [mm] [K] [-] [kg/s] [kg/s]

2 juni 2010, 13:58 uur, blz. 4


Bijlage Variant 2

TU Delft

BRANDRUIMTE: TEKENZAAL 8E EN 9E VERDIEPING Industriefunctie: Gespiegeld: Vuurlast: Gereduceerd: Hoogte:

Nee Nee 30 Nee 6.300

[kg vurenhout / m!] [mm]

De t ailr esult a t e n brandruimt e Vloeroppervlakte (Af) Referentievloeroppervlakte (AF;r) Reductiefactor Referentiewandoppervlakte (AT;r)

<--> <--> <--> <-->

[m!] [m!] [-] [m!]

Neutraal niveau (Hneutraal) Effectieve diepte (Deff) Maatgevende gastemperatuur (Tf) Massastroom uit (Muit) Hulpfactor (Psi) Hulpfactor (Eta) Afbrandsnelheid brandstofbeheerst Afbrandsnelheid ventilatiebeheerst Afbrandsnelheid (R)

<--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <-->

[m] [m] [K] [kg/s] [kg/m!] [-] [kg vurenhout/s] [kg vurenhout/s] [kg vurenhout/s]

Wand e n Zuid zijde Achterzijde Trap Kantoor Compartiment wand Gevel voor

Invoer wand:

Zuid zijde

Positie van X: 40.950 Y: Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

0 Z: 13.500 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Positie tot 6.300 X: 40.950 Y:

13.500 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

12.600 90,00 째 90,00 째

Ge v e lop e ninge n Raam gevel

Invoer gevelopening: Raam gevel Positie horizontaal: Positie verticaal: Breedte: Hoogte: Opgaande gevel:

150 450 13.200 5.300 Ja

[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]

De t ailr esult a t e n ge v e lop e ning: Raam ge v e l Vlamhoogte (zi) Effectieve openinghoogte (hni) Horizontale projectie (pvj) Temperatuur basis (To;i) Convectief vermogen Massastroom in (min) Massastroom uit (muit) Aanliggend/afliggend

NPR6091 V1.12

<--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <-->

[mm] [mm] [mm] [K] [-] [kg/s] [kg/s]

2 juni 2010, 13:58 uur, blz. 5


Bijlage Variant 2

Invoer wand:

TU Delft

Achterzijde

Positie van X: 40.950 Y:

13.500 Z:

Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

13.950 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Invoer wand: Positie van X: 27.000 Y: Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

NPR6091 V1.12

Positie tot 6.300 X: 27.000 Y:

13.500 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

12.600 180,00 째 180,00 째

Trap

13.500 Z: 2.700 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Positie tot 6.300 X: 27.000 Y:

16.200 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

12.600 90,00 째 90,00 째

2 juni 2010, 13:58 uur, blz. 6


Bijlage Variant 2

Invoer wand:

TU Delft

Kantoor (Vervolg)

Positie van X: 27.000 Y:

16.200 Z:

Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

27.000 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Invoer wand:

16.200 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

12.600 180,00 ° 180,00 °

Compartiment wand

Positie van X: 0 Y:

16.200 Z:

Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

16.200 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Invoer wand:

Positie tot 6.300 X: 0 Y:

Positie tot 6.300 X: 0 Y:

0 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

12.600 270,00 ° 270,00 °

Gevel voor

Positie van X: 0 Y: Breedte [Bj]: Hoogte [Hg]: Wanddikte [dw]:

0 Z: 40.950 [mm] 6.300 [mm] 100 [mm]

Positie tot 6.300 X: 40.950 Y:

0 Z:

Hoek tov voorgaande wand: Hoek tov positieve X-as:

12.600 0,00 ° 0,00 °

Ge v e lop e ninge n Raam voor

Invoer gevelopening: Raam voor Positie horizontaal: Positie verticaal: Breedte: Hoogte: Opgaande gevel: Observatiepunt Midden 1 Midden 2 Midden 3 Midden 4 Midden 5 Midden 6 Midden 7 Onder 1 Onder 2 NPR6091 V1.12

150 450 40.650 5.300 Ja

[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]

Positie horz. [mm] 2.500 5.000 7.500 10.000 12.500 15.000 17.500 2.500 5.000

Positie vert. [mm] 2.650 2.650 2.650 2.650 2.650 2.650 2.650 0 0

Helling [°] 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 2 juni 2010, 13:58 uur, blz. 7


Bijlage Variant 2 Onder 3 Onder 4 Onder 5 Onder 6 Onder 7 Boven 1 Boven 2 Boven 3 Boven 4 Boven 5 Boven 6 Boven 7

TU Delft 7.500 10.000 12.500 15.000 17.500 2.500 5.000 7.500 10.000 12.500 15.000 17.500

0 0 0 0 0 5.300 5.300 5.300 5.300 5.300 5.300 5.300

0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00

De t ailr esult a t e n ge v e lop e ning: Raam voor Vlamhoogte (zi) Effectieve openinghoogte (hni) Horizontale projectie (pvj) Temperatuur basis (To;i) Convectief vermogen Massastroom in (min) Massastroom uit (muit) Aanliggend/afliggend

NPR6091 V1.12

<--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <--> <-->

[mm] [mm] [mm] [K] [-] [kg/s] [kg/s]

2 juni 2010, 13:58 uur, blz. 8


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