Page 1

Portfol io [ My Attitude Toward Architecture ] Selected 7 projects | 2007 -2012

YOUNGSEOK JU Master of Architecture | University of California, Berkeley


[ My Attitude Toward Architecture ] Selected 7 projects | 2007 -2012


Contents

PORTFOLIO | 7 projects | Youngseok Ju

2


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

Contents

Graduate school Works Master of Architecture | University of California, Berkeley | 2010 - 2012

the views in the sequence the erected village melodies for the memory

Thesis studio project for the degree of master of architecture

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

Emotion, Parameters and Space

Designing a viewing platform for the 2013 San Francisco 34th America’s cup

SOM Integrated Design Studio - Understanding the identity of skyscraper and designing it with new possibilities

Participating in 2011 International Ideas Competition for Busan Opera House

underGraduate school Works Bachelor of Architecture | Hanyang University | 2001 - 2009

the vertical shelter beyond the boundary the house of polycentric

Participating in 2010 Evolo Skyscrapers International Competition

Selected works in the 26th National Competition of Korea Institute of Architects and UIA

Participating in 2009 Shinkenchiku International residential design Competition

3


PORTFOLIO | 7 projects | Youngseok Ju

graduate school works

Graduate School Works

Master of Architecture | University of California, Berkeley | 2010 - 2012

4


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

Emotion, Parameters and Space studying for the relationship between the space and human emotions

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

thesis studio project for the degree of master of architecture

the views in the sequence redefining on the relationship between the viewer and the object Designing a viewing platform for the 2013 San Francisco 34th America’s cup

the erected village creating continuous street condition through the skyscraper as a vertical circulation SOM Integrated Design Studio - Understanding the identity of skyscraper and designing it with new possibilities

melodies for the memory new iconic opera house for the redevelopment of old trade port district Participating in 2011 International Ideas Competition for Busan Opera House

5


Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

Emotion, Parameters and Space Studying for the relationship between the space and human emotions Thesis studio project for the degree of master of architecture

Emotion, Parameters and Space

STATE/ individual thesis PROGRAM/ crematorium LOCATION/ mt. san bruno, Colma, ca DURATION/ spring, 2012 works/ research, case study, design and concept development modelling and rendering instructor/ susan ubbelohde charles benton

As a container for human’s life and behavior, spaces in architecture do not only have a functional meaning but also reminiscent meaning in that it reminds one’s emotions and arouses one’s faint memories. Thus, in space, these emotions usually occur through one’s spatial experience. As emotions root from both external and internal aspects, sometimes, emotional behaviors happen in spaces that the architect did not intend for. Nevertheless, architects are focused on providing controlled, detailed spaces that arouse specific feelings and sympathy. For example, memorials, museums, religious buildings and cemeteries put more weight on human’s emotional experience or memories than the efficiency and performance of buildings. Accordingly, these architectures with well-defined architectural intention can induce specific emotions to visitors 6

and also delivers the story that the building has. This thesis has started from this point that architecture structures with emotional space usually rely on the comprehensive thoughts and insights of architects. However, if a parametric tool which is using for optimizing the quality of space could be a supportive tool for inducing one’s feeling in the space by amplifying certain spatial quality, it would be possible to set a new guide line for designing emotional space and broaden the potential of parametric tools. Therefore, the goal of this thesis is designing crematorium by dealing with daylight as parameter which effects the architectural space in amplifying the emotional experience of visitors through sequential flow in the spaces.


My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

7


Emotion, Parameters and Space

Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

research guide line To deal with the primary inquiry in this thesis, a crematorium has been selected for the analysis and experiment because it has a precise purpose - a cremation - that is pure program and the visitors and the mourners usually show not only clear but also similar directions of emotional flow. First, a crematorium has the character as the place for farewell and reminiscence with someone’s friends or families. Thus, this type of program could narrow down a human’s unmeasurable emotions to certain conditions such as sadness, sorrow and grief. Second, a cremation has a specific process and required time in a certain order so the circulation in a crematorium is consists of predictable sequences and sophisticated mechanism for cremation. These emotional flows in crematorium will be guided by dealing with daylight as a parameter that effects the quality of space through sequential flows in spaces. I have selected several well-known projects that clearly show the purpose of the project and the intention of the architects as case studies to develop and support the thesis. Basically, primary precedents are crematoriums and a couple of cemeteries are such examples, as well as museums that bring sympathy by using their materiality or lighting design.

8


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

cypress golf course

cypress lawn hillside gardens

site

golden hill cemetery

serbian cemetery

holysun cemetery

hills of eternity memorial park holy cross cemetery

the project site is at the south side of San Bruno Mt. and surrounded by existing cemeteries and cemetery park the area of cemeteries which is near Colma BART station

between the earth and the sky The residents of the town were primarily employed in occupations related to the many cemeteries in the town. Since the 1980s, Colma has become more diversified, with a variety of retail businesses and automobile dealerships, which have brought more sales tax revenue to the town government. With most of Colma’s land dedicated to cemeteries, the population of the dead outnumber the living by over a thousand to one. This has led to it being called, “the city of the silent�.

Even tough the entire building is under the ground surface, Each sliced surfaces are shifted for making entrance and openings for the daylight.

9

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

home of peace cemetery


Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

measurable or unmeasurable

Experience in space Any kind of space for human has a close relation with someone’s spatial experience through the scale of the space, the texture of the material, the thermal condition of atmosphere and the light and shadows in the space. And these physical experience would induce one’s emotions and remind memories. The breeze with a smell of grass at the field, scattered sun beams with the cool shade under the tree and chill and damp air in the dark cave.

Emotion, Parameters and Space

Kahn said that a room is not a room without natural light. Especially, in the case of emotional space which focused on delivering the story of architecture, daylight could be the most important factor for realizing the space. Having daylight in the space involves much more than merely allowing the right amounts of natural light. A great architectural perspective is realized by manipulating functions of daylighting but it becomes the unmeasurable place with the great beauty. Inside of Chapel of Chimes in Oakland - Julia Morgan

Numbers and possibilities “One of the most important achievements of nineteenth- and twentiethcentury applied Science has been to quantify and codify human requirements in buildings. This has been particularly successful in the field of lighting design, where standards of illumination, design procedures and rules-of-thumb are to be found in many design manuals and guidebooks Familiar rules-of-thumb include geometrical formulae, such as the ‘noskyline’, where the depth of penetration of the visible sky is taken to indicate the limitation of the daylight area of a room. Others are expressed in simple equations in which the daylight factor in a room is related to the ratio of window area to floor area. These tools are of immense utility and place practical design on solid foundation. In recent years, they have been complemented by the development of computerbased calculation methods and simulation tools.” Daylight & Architecture Magazine By VELUX Daylight analysis of the ‘Heelis’ office building Daylight & Architecture Magazine by VELUX Issue15 p.34

10


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

case analysis - daylight in the room Brion-vega Cemetery | Carlo Scarpa | 1972

San Vito, Italy 45.45N, 11.54E Average fc : 106.95 Height of space : 12.6 feet Area : 540.1sqf

Two buildings are selected for the experiment. One is Brion-vega Cemetery by Carlo Scarpa. This building is well-known for harmonious scenery between architecture and outside view. And the other building is Hill of the Winds Crematorium by Fumihiko Maki. This building is also famous for a great sequential flow in the building and Fumihiko Maki controlled the skylight for making a certain quality of spaces. Thus, for this experiment, I finished 3d models of these buildings which is based on architectural plan drawing. and using 3ds MAX with MentalRay, I could calculate the amount of illuminations in the room which is chosen by sequential flows and get the average amount of illuminations.

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

Hill of the Winds Crematorium | Fumihiko Maki | 1997

Nakatsu, Japan 33.33N, 131.11E Average fc : 86.75 Height of space : 13 feet Area : 3241sqf

daylight analysis in design proposal During design phase, to manipulate the opening of the top surface, daylight analysis has been test in several times. To set proper amount of light, I opened certain number of fragments by random selection. Compare with the render scene, I could speculate the condition of spatial quality.

11


Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

“Body and experience share an inseparable relationship. Thus, architecture as a tool for realizing space means that it is a continuous experience through one’s physical and mental memories.”

Emotion, Parameters and Space

- Tadao Ando -

12


My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

13


Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

3

4 1

5

UP: view from south entrance LEFT: second floor plan

7

6 2

1. WAITING ROOM 2.RECEPTION 3. RESTROOM 4. WAITING ROOM 5. STAIRCASE 6. OFFICE

Emotion, Parameters and Space

7. PREPARING ROOM

0 5

15

30

6

8

4 4 5

2

3 7

UP: under ground mass formation LEFT: first floor plan

1

9

1. CHAPEL 2.COLUMBARIUM 3. WAITING ROOM 4. ENSHRINEMENT ROOM 5. ORATORY 6. MACHINE ROOM 7. PREPARING ROOM 8. CREMATORY 9. OFFICE

0 5

14

15

30

50

50


My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

“A crematorium is a platform for farewell and reminiscence. It can be interpreted as a place between the earth and the sky through the process of cremation. The architectural sequence builds the journey for reminding and sending the deceased from one’s memory. At the deepest part of the experience and process, the funeral space underneath the ground is filled with skylight and the fire of the crematory gently flickering.”

15


Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

the views in the sequence In the continuous looping sequences, the relationship between the viewer and the object will be redefined Designing a viewing platform for the 2013 San Francisco 34th America’s cup

The Views in The Sequence

STATE/ individual WORK PROGRAM/ viewing deck for the 34th America’s cup LOCATION/ pier , san francisco, Ca DURATION/ spring, 2011 works/ design and concept development, research, modeling and rendering, animation works instructor/ Susan ubbelohde

This project is planning viewing platform for 2013 San Francisco 34th America’s Cup which is not temporary building, but long lasting building for the future of San Francisco and its piers. The site is located between pier 33 and pier 35, curved north part of San Francisco’s piers. The goal for this project is making continuous sequence from Embarcadero to the viewing area of my building. This continuous strip like path would make not only the place for viewing area for the cup but also the opportunities that can see the city, landscape and people to the visitors.

16


My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

17


Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

site condition project site - pier 33 and 35

The Views in The Sequence

America’s cup race village - pier 27 and 29

the perfect design VIEW sequence

VIEWING CENTER what to see

TARGET to see

FRAME

PLACE what to be a background where we stand viewing waiting

FLOW continuous

18

meeting


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

the piers and embarcadero

BOAT PLATFORM

TRAIN RAILWAY

PEOPLE WATERFRONT

+

CULTURE LEISURE

CITY

+

INDUSTRY RAILWAY

EARLY 1900 - 1936

EMBARCADERO

CBD TRAVELER

LATE 1900 - PRESENT

PIERS

I am suggesting two paths; one is started from Embarcadero near pier 39 and ended to pier 31. And another path started from the urban grid and landed to the surface of the water and is rolled for having diverse viewing activities. This is because the relationship among the city, Embarcadero and piers has been changed from early 1900’s. In the past, Embarcadero was mainly used for transportation for the freight from the piers so this road was closely connected with city grid by railways. However, nowadays, Embarcadero is closer to the piers than city grid because of the reduction of using piers for freights, decrease of railways and increase of using piers for recreation such as tours, shops and restaurants.

the formation of urban tissue

The urban formation

The lot area of the city

The piers attaching on the

Topographical view of

grid system

the city

19

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

embarcadero


Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

when the grid meets the hills

The Views in The Sequence

The grid system in urban area could be the best solution for efficient development system. In the case of San Francisco, several types of grid also rules San Francisco. However, thanks to the dramatic topography of San Francisco, there are some interesting exceptions in the city. When the grid meets the hill, various opportunities are occurred on the urban fabric. Like this way, a new circulation knot could be attached on the grid. the grid of San Francisco and the entrance way of Coit Tower

Old rail way map (1931) shows that those piers and rail way are closely connected each other. And all the piers are highly flourished.

open and green area near the site

20

grid rules and the exception with the level changing

attaching a new knot on the grid with lifting and circulating for views

the strip of viewing platform is getting attenuated at the grid for the matter of scale, but at the viewing area, it has similar width with the piers


My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

exploded axonometric rest

- viewing path : circulated for 360째 view

strolling

urban & landscape view

- 3rd structural column

- 2nd structural column

office

- program volumes

restaurant

press center

- info & exhibition path : approaching to the water surface auditorium

sculpture park

- public pedestrian path : sculpture park & parking lot

- main structural column

21


The Views in The Sequence

Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

section

first path plan

from coit tower to the sea Connected with North Point St. and attached to sea surface

information & press center

viewing area 1

restroom office

shop cafeteria restaurant

auditorium

embarcadero

22


second path plan

third path plan

Connected with Montgomery St. and circulated to the roof top

Connected with Embarcadero and creating a linear waterfront park

viewing area 2 restroom

viewing area 3

parking lot

pedestrian park

pedestrian park

embarcadero

embarcadero

23

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478


Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

the erected village Creating continuous street condition through the skyscraper as a vertical circulation in it SOM Integrated Design Studio - Understanding the identity of skyscraper and designing it with new possibilities

The Erected village

STATE/ collaborative WORK with a member PROGRAM/ skyscraper, multi- complex LOCATION/ hutong, beijing, china DURATION/ fall, 2011 works/ design and concept development, analysis, modeling and rendering, animation works instructor/ Leo Chow, Mark Sarkisian

The theorem of 1909: The skyscraper treated as a device for the production of unlimited new sites on a single metropolitan block.

Early conceptual rendered images

24


My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

25


Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

design concept The big ideal of this project is verticalizing street condition and its activities. In fact, some of skyscrapers are already focused on these qualities on their building. However, in this project, to maximize visitors’ daily life with neighborhood at the inside and outside of building, the shape of this building is looks like a Kebob. This is because that stacking various functional volumes with strong core system could be same as penetrating various tastes of ingredients with the stick of kebob.

structure concept: blobs

The Erected village

Binary Blobs: counter acting forces - containing restaurants

Attaching typical slabs on core system is quite predictable and already has developed various efficient technologies. Thus, the biggest challenging inquiry in this project is ‘How blobs could be attached on the core of building?’ First of all, the shell of the blob itself should be strong enough for resisting their own weight and light as much as possible.

Spanning Lateral Connectors - containing Art Museum

Radial Rib Enclosure - containing Convention Center

Second, the shape of blob cannot be radically curved because the weight of blobs should be transfered almost evenly from the top to the bottom of blobs. Additionally, there is two connection, top tie ring and bottom one, between the core and the blob. Top connector mainly handle those tensions on the blob and the bottom one has compression and shear forces.

Binary Blobs: counter acting forces - containing Movie Theater

Diagrid System - containing Retail Center

26

the surface and ribs of a blob: physical model for the mid-term review | SCALE 1:100


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

hutong, Beijing

district 5: food

district 4: exhibition

district 3: office

district 2: theater

district 1: shopping

The hierarchy of the city grid - different speed, width and experience on the street

The erected city grid - as the hierarchy of movement in a building

circulation system

building massing

floor plates

circulation

circulation

corridors

exit stairs

primary, paternoster

secondary, local elevators and main thoroughfares

interfloor and emergency exit

continuous escape route

27

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

Hutongs are a type of narrow streets or alleys, most commonly associated with Beijing, China. In Beijing, hutongs are alleys formed by lines of siheyuan, traditional courtyard residences. Many neighbourhoods were formed by joining one siheyuan to another to form a hutong, and then joining one hutong to another. The word hutong is also used to refer to such neighbourhoods. Since the mid-20th century, the number of Beijing hutongs has dropped dramatically as they are demolished to make way for new roads and buildings. More recently, some hutongs have been designated as protected areas in an attempt to preserve this aspect of Chinese cultural history.


The Erected village

Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

28


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

structure concept: core system

The inside of core system: physical model for the mid-term review | SCALE 1:100

29

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

superframe system The goal of this project is creating a vertical village, so the circulation system of this building is also unique. A paternoster system which is moving horizontally and vertically is selected for the circulation system as shuttle buses. For this three dimensional movement, a superframe core system could be a best choice because the core itself could be a huge three dimensional frame. The exterior diagonal frame is typically comprised of wide-flanged shaped or built-up columns and beams with primary frame connections typically bolted, welded, or a combination of welded / bolted. Frame connections are fully fixed, developing the full bending moment capacity of the beams. The perimeter frame is configured on a mega or superframe module with horizontal and vertical members of the frame existing in multiple bays and multiple stories. Each bay of the perimeter frame is diagonalized. The system allows for plan transitions along the height, and incorporates inherent belt trusses at transition floors. The concept allows for large atria or openings through the structure and allows for winds to pass through the structure to reduce the shear and overturning demand on the structure.


The Erected village

Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

30


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

core development

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

By having structural analysis with ‘Scan&Solve™ for Rhino’, on left rendered image shows strong or weak parts of core system. In nature, dead cactus shows similar structure system so after this experiment, the core has been manipulated with its opening and the width of each members.

31


Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

melodies for the memory New iconic opera house for the redevelopment of old trade port district Participating in 2011 International Ideas Competition for Busan Opera House

Melodies for The Memory

STATE/ collaborative WORK with a member PROGRAM/ opera house LOCATION/ buk-hang(north port), busan, SOUTH KOREA DURATION/ summer, 2011 works/ design and concept development, research, modeling and rendering

SYDNEY

STRASBURG

HAMBURG

GUANGZHOU

OSLO

DUBAI

SEOUL

BUSAN

Prologue The site is located almost the middle of the Buk-hang master plan area. The main idea of the master plan is revitalizing waterfront area from the piers to public spaces. In the past, only certain people, who is working on there can access piers. Which means, the most of waterfront area in Buk-hang was not allow to use for the publics. People merely can see the sea through the gap between buildings. Thus, to increase the connection among public spaces, the iconic landmark should be located.

Inspiration This sunrise photograph was taken by myself at the hill, Seung Hak Mt., west side of the site. I have felt that even if the development has started, the sea of Buk-hang will stay there, will not changed. The tranquility and quiescence of the sea is the main charater of Buk-hang. It will also affect on the later master plan and various project on this area. This could be the most important identity not only of Buk-hang but also of the opera house.

32


My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

33


Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

Primary slabs

secondary slabs

program bulbs

connect two volumes and draw the outline of the building

containing various volumes and program

connect each floors and perform as halls, offices and system

hexagonal main structural framing 800mm steel pipes.

external l

help coolin the building movement

Melodies for The Memory

site PLan the island is connected with the sea by organic shape bridge and path the better waterfront condition

VIEWING PLATFORM

ROOF GARDEN

EXHIBITION HALL

REST & OF

OPER

OPER BACKSTAGE

34


ng and shading of g and imply dynamic ts of the skin

Ideal imagination

hexagonal sub structural framing supports external loubers and transparent skin

The leaf on the surface of the water. First, the movement of the leaf shows the wave of the water. Sometimes it is very dynamic as a powerful dance but sometimes, it is tranquil as a mirror. In some aspects, a opera could be similar with this. it is also composed with slow movement like breeze and dynamic movement like volcano. Moreover, the calmness of the surface is one of the character of Buk-hang. Because a harbor has a deeper depth than a coast for anchoring. Thus, gentle curved surfaces could be implied as both the diversity of the opera and the character of Buk-hang.

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

louvers

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

the pedestrian path on the site give visitors various perspectives of iconic opera house.

TAURANT FFICE

RA HALL

OPERA HALL

RA HALL

The bridge which connects two building not only connects two buildings but also becomes a viewing platform.

35


Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

outdoor space

circulation

approaching zone for orchestra and instruments

waterfront park zone

approaching zone for VIPs and the handicapped

waterfront park zone

insertion of the sea water

typical vehicle drive way

Melodies for The Memory

drive way for the equipment and instruments pedestrian path (emergency drive way)

view analysis

36

open sea view

architectural proposal restaurant and cafe on the upper floor

canal sea view

outdoor deck

waterfront park view

connection with the pedestrian path

building view

bridge between two halls

cultural district view

through consideration of the facade

extension of the path to the sea


My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

37


Graduate school work | University of California, Berkeley

waterfront park marine Cultural district 137,640m2

pedestrian bridge

waterfront park

Melodies for The Memory

waterfront park

site plan Building Area: 14794m2 Total Floor Area: 50492m2 The building-to-land Ratio: 42.36%

concert hall floor plan main level +20m, t+10m

multi purpose theater

back & side stage support facilities for the concert hall

7

7

6 6

1. announcer booth 2. acoustic control room

6

4 5

opera house

3. lighting control room 4. broadcasting control room 5. stage manager 6. rest area & performer’s waiting room

1

2 6 8

3

multi purpose theater upper floor seats

7. performer lounge 8. ticket & information

concert hall: Opera House (1960 seats) Multi Purpose Theater (1150 seats)

38

opera house upper floor seats


My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

sky lounge floor plan main level +40m

ground floor plan main level +8m

5

1

6

retail & service 1. shop 2. book shop

main level floor

3

1 4 2

3. cafeteria 4. souvenir

restaurant

5. lounge bar

cafeteria

7. event room

sky trail

7

1

6. VIP lounge

pedestrian connection by slope & deck

39


PORTFOLIO | 7 projects | Youngseok Ju

undergraduate school works

Undergraduate School works

Bachelor of Architecture | hanyang University | 2001 - 2009

40


My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

the vertical shelter Skyscraper for refugees: stand together and live together Participating in 2010 Evolo Skyscrapers International Competition

beyond the boundary New 21st century digital library within the urban context Selected works in the 26th National Competition of Korea Institute of Architects and UIA

the house of polycentric Designing spatial depth in grid system, based on John Hejduk’s nine grid problem Participating in 2009 Shinkenchiku International residential design Competition

41


The Vertical Shelter

Undergraduate school work | Hanyang University

42


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

the vertical shelter Skyscraper for refugees: stand together and live together Participating in 2010 Evolo Skyscrapers International Competition

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

STATE/ collaborative WORK as a leader with two members PROGRAM/ high-rise dwelling LOCATION/ dadaab, kenya DURATION/ january, 2010 works/ design and concept development modelling and rendering

Skyscrapers and its another identity Today, skyscrapers are an increasingly common sight where land is expensive, as in the centers of big cities. This is because they provide such a high ratio of rentable floor space per unit area of land. However, they are built not just for economy of space. Like temples and palaces of the past, skyscrapers are considered symbols of a city’s economic power. Not only do they define the skyline, they help to define the city’s identity. In this way, skyscrapers have the affirmative possibilities. However, problems of over-population outside cities often arise due to unpredicted events and natural disasters such as war, religious conflict, economic crisis, earthquakes, and tsunami in the world. To accommodate enormous demand of housing in these situations architecturally, we utilized the concept of potential of skyscrapers instead of skyscrapers as an extension of urban development. This could be a solution for people just like refugees.

43


The Vertical Shelter

Undergraduate school work | Hanyang University

protection work

major refugee crisis

refugees and displaced populations (1964-2009)

As refugees have no protection from their own state, resettlement benefits a small number of refugees, less than 1% of the word’s refugees directly benefited from resettlement. Except urban refugees, most live in a tent for a home in severe conditions. They are usually granted only ‘temporary’ residence that can work to the advantage of both governments and refugees in specific circumstances. But it only complements and does not substitute for the wider protection measures. Currently, the world’s protection work adopted solution creating kilometric rows of identical tents: “copy-paste” phenomena

44


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

Refugees

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

Nowadays, the refugee world became more crowded with millions of refugees, economic migrants and others on the move. There were some 42 million forcibly displaced people worldwide at the end of 2009. This includes 15.2 million refugees, 827,000 asylum-seekers and 26 million internally displaced persons (lDPs). In some periods the population number had fallen, yet it started to go up again in early 2008. This is mainly due to arise in the Afghani and Iraqi refugee population in neighboring countries. Globally, estimated 11 million refugees repatriated home over the past 10 years. However, millions of refugees are still “refugees�.

Dadaab refugee population exceeds capacity by 270% (as of 25th Jan 2009)

45


Undergraduate school work | Hanyang University

Possibilities of the site Dadaab is a town in northeastern Kenya approximately 100 kilometers from KenyaSomali border. It hosts mostly-Somali refugees from Kenya’s northern neighbors. Most of Dadaab’s local population is made up of nomadic camel and goat herders. Much of the rest of the town’s economy is based on services for refugees. The camps in Dadaab cover a total area of 50km2 and are within an 18km radius of the Dadaab town. With a capacity of about 90.000, the camps host currently nearly 300,000 refugees (October 2009}. Moreover, Dadaab suffered a severe drought for almost four years. The drought killed approximately 50% of the local livestock, creating a major economic strain on the region. Given its location within the Somali desert, the long term of settlement of

refugees has severely impacted the landscape, as fuel and building materials are in constant demand. In November 2006, flooding severely affected the region. More than 2,000 homes in the lfo refugee camp were destroyed, forcing the relocation of more than 10,000 refugees. In this situation, skyscrapers would be a better solution to overcome these sufferings. This site, Dadaab has great potential for new dwelling type, other than previous ones such as tents and temporary buildings. Additionally, numerous refugees, as latent workers, need a practical vocational training for their livings.

The Vertical Shelter

further development phasing

year 2010

year 2015

landmark The building should also carry a possibility to eventually become a landmark building of the resettlement country and a pride of refugees. Ultimately, the potential of skyscrapers will increase its effect and will extend to countries such as Pakistan, Syria, Iran and Tanzania. Skyscrapers will clear up the ‘refugee crisis’

asia - china(tibet)

46

year 2020

year 2025

Africa - chad

middle east - syria


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

44th Floor Plan type - A

1 1. Housing facilities

35th Floor Plan type - B 1

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

3 1 1. Housing facilities 3. Welfare facilities

22nd Floor Plan type - C

2

1

1. Housing facilities 2. Laundry

13th Floor Plan type - D 4 3

2

1

1

1. Housing facilities 2. Laundry 3. Welfare facilities 4. Playground

47


Undergraduate school work | Hanyang University

Sustainable Life secondary schooling. Moreover, residence will provide fundamental medical care and open up opportunities that may have remained closed otherwise. As refugees should also benefit from the economic activities, they will be encouraged to participate in manual labor in each housing unit and some public areas. These community-based manual working systems will allow economic independence in order to keep the conditions of proper education

The Vertical Shelter

The skyscraper will give the full and equal human rights to every refugee including persons with disabilities. Comfort will be given to people who have been raped or molested while escaping from their own countries. Special help will be provided to babies, children and old people. To meet the minimum education requirements, the building includes elementary education facilities. Currently, 67% of refugee children are enrolled in primary and

of their children and sufficient medical supply of their family. Finally, unlike closed camps, the building presents opportunities to stay in comfort, to make a family, and to build a better future.

district - A Dadaab, Kenya Latititude 0°06’28”N Longitude 40°18’39”E

2000m

district - B

300m

district - C site diagnosis site abstraction through camp density

plane transformation tilting and shifting the planes

48

vertical integration density transformation vertically, along with the current camp location

volumE transformation twisting the shape and expasion for the balance

structural skin opening the skin for natural ventilation and the entrance

structure analysis analyze curved surface tension and forces on the surface for openings on the skin


Protection People have fled from persecution since they began forming communities in earliest history. Now, millions of refugees around the world continue to live with little hope of finding a solution to their miserable plight. Finding a durable solution is a part of this building’s core requirements. It will help to find an appropriate permanent integration mechanism in economic and socio-cultural dimensions. Resettlement can provide a vital protection and an international responsibility-sharing mechanism can be a key element in comprehensive solution. Resettlement aims to provide protection to refugees whose life, liberty, safety, health, or other fundamental human rights are at risk. Cluster In this new home, seven clusters form a skyscraper that allows refugees to live in their own territories. By making vertical connection between seven different clusters, the skyscraper will play its role as a town and a community. Public programs will provide orientation to meet the expectations of refugees in the resettlement building. This will ease the process of adjustment to the new society and will help refugees foster a positive attitude toward integration. Moreover, it will contribute to preserve the unity of the family whose members have been separated during the flight from the crisis.

playground education center

housing volume

laundry medical center

housing volume housing volume

type A

housing volume

type B

playground

housing volume housing volume

type C type D

laundry market area playground medical center market area

housing volume

mass formation set seven clusters as sub structure between core and skin

education center

housing for refugees residence floor with a capacity of 5,000 refugees

public spaces offering fundamental needs in the building

water system addressing water and sanitation needs

49

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478


Beyond the Boundary

Undergraduate school work | Hanyang University

50


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

beyond the boundary New 21st century digital library within the urban context selected works in the 26th National Competition of Korea Institute of Architects and UIA

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

STATE/ individual WORK PROGRAM/ digital library LOCATION/ cheoggye creek, seoul, south korea DURATION/ fall, 2007 works/ design and concept development modelling and rendering, drawings instructor/ Kyung kook woo

“The roof deck of this library would perform as a promenade connected with Cheoggye Canal in CBD and it naturally connect different levels between two streets. On the other hand, under the roof deck as a ramp, the mature functions of library are working lively. A library should not be separated anymore from people’s daily life. The more accessible a library is, the more people can benefit from knowledge.”

The Library in the past and its evolution In the past, the key purpose of a library was not only storage space of books but also metaphor as the space of knowledge. Thus, people could be overwhelmed by spatial senses surrounded with numerous books. In a great hall with activities of reading, or among bookshelves with those activities, the identity of a library has been formed: Quiet, static, and solid. However, as digital technologies have significantly developed, they have contributed to the evolution of a library. A library comes to contain knowledge and information in various fashions, not only in paper-based but also image-and web-based ones such as CD, DVD and World Wide Web. As a result, the activities people can do in a library become diversified to searching information through the Internet, watching DVD titles related with their interest, and associating with people at the cafeteria within the library. That is, in the modern era, the library should be more open to the public in order to satisfy their various needs, and should be easier for them to access in order to build up the new value of the library. 51


Undergraduate school work | Hanyang University

Location and Analysis Seoul, one of the most complex cities in the world, still developing, has many historical places and axes. Especially, around the selected site, the historically-valued places which illustrate the past and today of this city are concentrated, such as Kwanghwamoon Plaza, Cheonggye Creek and Seoul city hall Plaza. In addition, this area is also one of the biggest business districts in Seoul. Considering these features of Seoul, this place has a high potential to be a favorable place where the new conceptual library, which provides the residents and visitors around this area with knowledge and relaxation, is located. SITE Cheoggye Creek (was Cheoggye Overpass Highway)

Beyond the Boundary

Historical places and buildings (palaces, city hall, and plaza)

Left, photos shows Cheoggye Overpass Highway (2002), right one shows the current condition of Cheoggye Creek.

Design Approach

Connect two different level streets and make a continuous ramp as a promenade.

Spread ramp for providing sufficient sun light for the under space and increasing the accessibility from the all directions

52


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

First floor plan

DN

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

-2.5m

6

7 -2m

DN

UP

-1m

1

UP

4 UP

-1m

-1.5m

UP

4

5

DN

-2m

3 DN

-1m

1

1. Entrance DN

2. Cafeteria

-2m Ground Level

5

2

3. Information desk

-3m

DN

4. Web browsing area 5. Newspapers/ Magazines 6. Audio-Visual Media 7. Restroom

53


Beyond the Boundary

Undergraduate school work | Hanyang University

Mock-up model | scale 1:200

54


Physical model | scale 1:100

55

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478


The House of Polycentric

Undergraduate school work | Hanyang University

56


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

the house of polycentric Designing spatial depth in grid system, based on John Hejduk’s nine grid problem Participating in 2009 Shinkenchiku International Residential Design Competition

Plan of Texas House 1

Plan of Texas House 2

Plan of Texas House 4

Plan of Texas House 5

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

STATE/ collaborative WORK as a leader with a member PROGRAM/ dwelling LOCATION/ ideal place DURATION/ january, 2009 works/ design and concept development modelling and rendering

Four Square House Design Problem John Hejduk introduced us to the Nine Square Grid design problem and we, his audience, enjoyed and learned from his variations on the theme. I would like to make this proposal honouring his memory. I will call it the Four Square House design problem. In a hypothetical Garden City grid of 36m by 36m, the assignment is to design four houses in any configuration, having as its only restriction that they should not exceed 162m2 and that each possess a garage and garden, “technique and nature” combined in the given 9m2 outlines. This requires a consideration of issues such as orientation, contiguity, privacy, construction, spatial structure: a series of issues that ultimately engage the neglected notion of typology . Obviously the extension of the single block to a larger area should be taken into account and in addition a certain hint about the materiality and the character of the ideal Garden City that comes as a result of the appearance of this new type. - Rafael Moneo 57


The House of Polycentric

Undergraduate school work | Hanyang University

Nine Square Grid : Centralized plan

HOUSE 1

HOUSE 3

Four Square Grid for four families : Decentralized plan

HOUSE 1

HOUSE 2

HOUSE 3

HOUSE 4

HOUSE 1

HOUSE 2

HOUSE 3

HOUSE 4

required area : Horizontal arrangement for large linear garden

HOUSE 2

HOUSE 4

required area : Arrangement for large internal space

inverted with equal area : Arrangement for large internal garden

more variation with small gardens : Polycentralized plan

Concept Focused on the void spaces as a garden, I try to compose three types of different community spaces, from a garden for the publics to that for the inhabitants. All the gardens are connected with one another, and even though those are blocked, it is possible to recognize them visually. Each garden are surrounded by houses and the inhabitants could see the opposite side of their house. Thus, this polycentric gardens will contain all the activities regardless of whether those activities are done in the garden or not. 58


Nine Sqaure Grid and Four Square Grid

rearrangement and making depth of spaces from public to private

open space for the public: front yard open space only for the inhabitants private space for the inhabitants: backyard

Nine Square Grid can be used for understanding modern spaces. The nine abstract squares make various space composition in the arranged grid. In this composition of spaces, the most important thing is how to arrange the central space and how to connect it with among spaces. On the other hand, Four Square Gird has different characters of the space. It has even number squares, so hierarchies of spaces are weaker than Nine Square Grid, which means that every square in grid is equivalent. And, at the same time, each single square makes a small central space. Therefore, the grid has polycentric spaces. These days, the polycentric spaces are required especially at dealing with many housing problems. This is because more and more people want their own privacy to be protected. In order to meet this demand, I generate an external open garden in typical grid, setting it on small squares. Each small garden is a key element in the designed process. One house has four gardens in its plan. And all four gardens are linked closely by spatial sequence from publicly to privately. And then, at the end of sequence, four houses are connected by the courtyard. I planned to build every garden which has own particular activities. In this four-square-house, I suggest the way to feel neighbor and nature. 59

My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478


The House of Polycentric

Undergraduate school work | Hanyang University

1

1

4

3

Roof

11

10

2

5

Void space: garden

13

6

9

12

Walls and openings

1

Floor with different level

60

8

7

1

Relationship among open spaces from public to private


My Attitude Toward Architecture | Youngseok Ju

ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

1. Entrance garden 15 16

16

1

2. Water garden

4

1

DN DN

3. Sand garden

15 UP

DN

UP

3

4. Playground

14 DN

DN

14

5. Flower garden 6. Small garden

DN

5

DN

2 10

DN

7. Golf links

DN

17 DN

17

15

8. Wood deck

15

11

9. Rock garden DN

10. Garden

17

12

15

6

15

DN

DN

DN

9

11. Basketball garden

DN

12. Garden DN

14

13

13. Swimming pool

14 DN

14. Living room

DN

1

UP

DN

15

1

DN

7 16

15. Bedroom

8

UP

15

16

16. Garage 17. Garden

Plan

61


PORTFOLIO | 7 projects | Youngseok Ju

resume

personal information

Name Date of Birth Address

education

786 RED OAK Ave. APT 797 ALBANY, CA 94706 USA +1-510-501-1478

E-mail

ju.youngseok@gmail.com

2010 - 2012

FALL 2006 SUMMER 2005

2012 2010 - 2011

62

1982. 04. 23

Mobile

2001 - 2009

honor / awards

Youngseok Ju

University of California, Berkeley / College of Environment Design Master of Architecture Hanyang University ERICA, South Korea Bachelor of Architecture (5 year) National University of Singapore / College of Architecture Exchange student Austrailian Pacific College, Sydney Business Course Certification

UC Berkeley, Berkeley International Office Financial award UC Berkeley, College of Environment Department Grants

2007

the 26th National Competition of Korea Institute of Architects and UIA Honorable Mention

2008

The 5th DOCOMOMO Korea Design Competition Selected Works

2008

Gyeonggi Province Architecture and Culture Competition Second Prize

2008

Hanyang University Graduation Exhibition First Prize

2009

The College of Engineering Science Certificates of the Excellent Academic Achievement Cum Laude


ju.youngseok@gmail.com (+1-)510-501-1478

professional experience

12/2006 - 01/2007 2007 - 2008

Museumlab, Hanyang University Designer Project: Competition for New Entrance for Pedestrian in Dobong Mt. National Park Winner

2008

Museumlab, Hanyang University Designer Project: Competition for Cultural Facility for Children held by Songpa ward, Seoul Winner

National University of Singapore Workshop for Tropical Architecture

SUMMER 2007

Joint Workshop with University of Dundee, UK Workshop for Exchange student in Korea

2008

04/2003 04/2005 2007 - 2008

skills

Freelancer Renderer interior & exterior perspectives

WINTER 2002

09/2008

extracurricular

Ansan City Government Designer Project : Development held by Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Korea Government

2008

2009 - 2010

workshop, Exhibition and Publication

MKPL Architects in Singapore Intern Project: The Competition for the Museum of Modern Art in Warsaw, Poland

LANGUAGE Autodesk Adobe Office McNeel & Etc

Korea National Architecture Exhibition for University students Museumlab, Hanyang University Research assistant Publication: A research on ‘Making Junggu as a High-Quality Attraction of Urban Culture’

Republic of Korea Army sergent 4.2” Mortar Fire Direction Center Korea YMCA in Ansan City Volunteering as a designer Project: Making Better Village in Ansan City

Korean (Native), English AutoCAD, 3ds MAX, Maya, Revit, Echotect Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign Word, Powerpoint, Excel Rhinoceros 5, V-ray in rhino, grasshopper, T-spline, DIVA in rhino V-ray in 3ds Max, RPC in 3ds Max, ParametricArray in 3ds Max, Multiscatter in 3ds Max, Mentalray, sketchup, Autodesk Vasari

63


[ My Attitude Toward Architecture ] Selected 7 projects | 2007 -2012

Copyright 2012 by Youngseok Ju All rights reserved No part of this book may be reproduced in any forms by any electronic or mechanical means without permission in a writing from publisher Book design and production by Youngseok Ju


[ My Attitude Toward Architecture ] YOUNGSEOK JU M. Arch | University of California, Berkeley | ju.youngseok@gmail.com | (+1-)510-501-1478

PORTFOLIO 2012  

M. arch from Berkeley B. arch from Hanyang Univ.

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you