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GO GOWANUS FROM RESILIENCE TO SUSTAINABILITY 11 | 28 | 2016 ARC651

CHRISTOPHERMILLER, Ph.D

JustinBanda KayHavlicek TylerHopwood MarvinReyes TylerWade AndrewWitek


Table of Contents

SANBORN MAP LAND USE MAP HISTORICAL BUILDING MAP TRANSECTS BUILDING TYPES Rowhouse Flat

Mixed Use

Open Interior Building

Live / Work

Mixed Use Transit

GOWANUS PHOTOS

Head of Canal

Market Center

Arts Disctrict + Batcave

Industrial Sector

Transit - Oriented Development

Commercial Transit District

3rd Street

4th Street

Smith Street

03


Sanborn Map

04


ST RE

DO U

ET

BA L

GL AS

S

ST

RE

EET

RE ET

RE ST

EE

RE ET

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ET

BU T

ST PL MARK AC S E

PE DE S PA TRI TH AN

LE R

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BO N

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T

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CLI N

N

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2 P LAC E

AP

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CEN TR E M AL L

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STR E

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CA R

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ON STR EET

HUN T

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MIL L

NEL S

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ER STR EET

2

3

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4 P LAC E LUQ U

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DW IG HT

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I U E Y EX EN A AV SSW ON XPRE LT MI S E HA A NU W GO

RE

ET

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OA

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IN S

T S TR

STR E

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IDE N

DE

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KO FF

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Y S TRE ET

PRE S

HEN R

GH HU

BRO O

DE A

ET

AT L AV ANTI EN UE C

IF IC

ST

COL U

UNI O

EET

N EL T UN EY CAR

Industrial/Manufacturing SUM MIT STR Transportation/Utility EET PublicWOFacilities and Institutions BO ODH WN ULL E STR Open Space ST EET RE Facilities EParking T SE AB Vacant Land RI NG All other or No Data RAP ST STR ELYE RE EET ET CO ST MME RE RC ET E CO ST LES RE ET

ST RE

WY C

STR

L

VAN

PLA

WAY

SAC K

Mixed Commercial/Residential Buildings Commercial/Office Buildings

PA C

RE N

TOM P

ET

MBI A

GH

Multi-Family Elevator Buildings

KLY HICK N Q S S UEE TRE E NS EXP T RES S

HU

BRU N

STR E

Multi-Family Walk-up Buildings

WA R

EET

KIN S

STR O

EET

T S TR

One and Two Family Buildings

STR

CE

NG PLA

CHE E PLA VER CE

Land Use Land Use Map

KAN E

CE

Existing Conditions

ECK

STR

9

ST

EET

10 BRY

EET

EN U

E

SWAY EXPRES

12

4

AV

13

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14

4

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AL IN RG MA

35

0

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20

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OS

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32 ST RE

31

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AY

33

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ST RE

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NU

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27 29

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ET

JA C PL KSO AC N E

18

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WE B PL STE AC R E

17

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ALLEY

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11

US WAN GO

ANT STR

8 RE E

ST

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05

ET

ET

0.225

0.45 Miles

Sources: PLUTO 2013 V2, NYC Department of City Planning


Existing Conditions Historical Building Map 1.

Pump House

6.

209 Douglass Street 1905

Constructed as part of the flushing system of the canal It’s still in use today

Eureka shops were an earyly chain of automotive repair shops

7. 2.

ASPC Memorial Building 233 Buter Street 1913

National Packing Box Factory

543 Union Street 1910

Originally an industrial building for box factory Building is still in use today and is currenly a gallery and museum

ASPCA opened its Brooklyn headquarts here ASPCA occupied this space until 1979, now it’s a musical instrument repair shop

8. 3.

Eureka Garage

638-644 Degraw Street 1923

The Green Building

450-460 Union Street 1948

Has hosted a variety of industry, was previously a brass foundry In 2002, plans were made for demolition and replacement with a luxury residential tower After much community outcry and two years of discussion withe the Board of Standards Appeals, the site was not granted a residential rezoing and the building was saved The building is being reused as event space

R.G. Dun and Company Building

239-259 Butler Street/206 Nevins Street 1914

Four story factory Reinforced concrete structure Originally a printing facility and then manufacturing plastic products Has been vacant for many years, but now is rezoned for residential use

A.

4.

Scranton and Lehigh Coal Company

233 Nevins Street/236 Butler Street Early 20th Century

Building of the once prolific commodity of coal shipment on the Gowanus Canal

2

6th Street and 4th Ave 1951

3

1

5.

Eagle Clothing Factory Sign Sign is above what was once the Eagle Clothing Factory. The factory had many modern amenities such as adequate space and lighting, air-conditionaing and a recreational roof garden. Taken down in 2013

B.

Brooklyn News Building

209-215 3rd Ave 1919

4

Kentile Floors Sign

9th Street and 2nd Ave 1949

Kentile was a pineer in the “do-it-yourself” industry of home improvement Kentile has not been present here since the 1990s The site is still used for manufacturing Taken down in 2014

Once was the printing and distribution garage for the New York Daily News Single story structure featuring vertical piers which break up the horizontal massing

5 8

7

15

6 14

C

C.

Carroll Street Bridge and Engine House

1888

One of four of the oldest retractile bridges in the U.S. Continues to operate today

9 13

10

12.

B

T. H. Roulston, Inc. 70-124 9th Street 1910

Originally a large grocery warehouse

11 A

12

13.

4th Street icehouse and Brewery Complex 4th and Bond Street 1904

Earliest company known to have occupied the building was the Empire City Hygeia Ice Company. A 6 story building was also constructed serving as a brewing company

9.

BRT Powerhouse

322 3rd Ave 1902

14.

An 8 story building served as the powerhouse for the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Corporation The building burned coal to generate electricity for all the trains It is currenly vacant and is the only remnant of what originally was an extensive complex

10.

2nd Street Rowhouses

57-97 2nd Street 1880s

Brick rowhouses Houses rise only two stories, as opposed to the three and a half that is typical of the neighborhood

American Can Factory

232 3rd Street 1886

Originally a tin box factory Building is now used for designers, artists and manufacturers

15.

11.

William H. Mobray Building

400-404 3rd Ave 1910

335 Carroll Street

19th Century

Originallya shoe factory In 2006 a Stop Work Order was issued for a condo project It was to includ an out-of-scale rooftop addition that was found to be an illegal extension and would have had a negative impact on the block and the neighborhood This project led to the community demand for a down zoning The building currently is waiting to be appropriately redeveloped

Early 20th century industrial building

06


Transect Types

T5 Main Street/T5 Transit [T5MS/T5T] A. Description Located along major roads in Gowanus that connect to principle streets in the greater Brooklyn fabric.

MU OI

B.s

Height: 3-6 stories B. Use Primarily commercial on the first floor, with residential above.

MR

MU

T

Note: 6+ stories only within 1/4 mile walking radius at 9th and Smith street station.

Within TOD - Office, Commercial, Residential C. Allowed Building Types R, F, MU, MR, OIB.s, OIB.l, LW, MUT

T5 Neighborhood Street [T5NS] A. Description Located around major streets through the neighborhood that connect to adjacent neighborhoods but do not need to connect to greater Brookyln fabric.

MU LW OI

B.s

Height: 3-5 stories

MR

B. Use Primarily resididential, with local commercial on the first floor. C. Allowed Building Types R, F, MU, MR, OIBs, OIB.l, LW, MUT

08


Transect Types

T5 Neighborhood [T5N] A. Description Located in neighborhood areas that do not need to connect outside Gowanus. MU

Height: 2-4 stories LW

B. Use Primarily residential, with local commercial.

OI

B.s

C. Allowed Building Types R, F, MU, MR, OIB.s, OIB.l, LW, MUT

MR

F

T5 Flex [T5F]

MU

A. Description Located in the Industrial Business Zone, along the canal and between the canal and 4th avenue

LW OI

Height: 2-4 stories

B.s OI

B.l

B. Use Work, Commercial, Residential C. Allowed Building Types R, F, MU, MR, OIB.s, OIB.l, LW, MUT

09


Building Types

Rowhouse [R]

A series of rowhouses along 1st Street, Gowanus, first floor removed from grade. A. Description Rowhouses / townhouses. The entire building may be a single dwelling unit, or there may be one dwelling unit per floor. First floor entrance may be either at grade or removed with an English/garden basement. Width: 2-4 bays Height: 2-4 stories (plus basement) B. Use Residential C. Allowed Transects Existing to remain where possible, but not for new construction.

10


Building Types

Flat [F]

A pair of four flats stacked on a stair, Union Street, Gowanus. A. Description Stacked Flats on a Stair / Double-Loaded Corridor. The first floor may be slightly removed from grade. Flats

Mixed-Use

Width: 3-6 bays Height: 2-5 stories B. Use Residential C. Allowed Transects T5MS T5NS T5N T5F T5T

11


Building Types

Mixed Use [MU]

Series of mixed use buildings: commercial first floor, flats above, 4th Street, Gowanus. A. Description Stacked Flats on a Stair / Double-Loaded Corridor

Flats

Mixed-Use

Width: 1-6 bays wide, 50% doors at least every 33’ Height: B. Uses (by floor) 1st Commercial 2nd Residential, Work, Commercial (T5MS only) 3rd+ Residential, Work C. Allowed Transects T5MS T5NS T5N T5F T5T

12


Building Types

Mid Rise [MR]

New mid rise building at 2nd Street and Bond Street, Gowanus. A. Description Sub-Type A: Stacked Flats on a Stair Sub-Type B: Stacked Flats on a Double- Loaded Corridor Width: Single Loaded [A], Double Loaded [B] Height: 2-6 stories B. Uses (by floor) 1st Residential some Commercial (T5MS only) 2nd+ Residential only C. Allowed Transects T5MS T5NS T5N T5F T5T

13


Building Types

Open Interior Building, small

Small warehouse with off street parking. A. Description Open Floor Plan Width: (small floor plates) Height: 1-4+ stories B. Uses (by floor) 1st: Work, Residential, Commercial 2nd: Work, Residential, Commercial Commercial reuse of the above building.

C. Allowed Transects T5MS T5NS T5N T5F T5T

14


Building Types

Open Interior Building, large

The Old American Can Factory, converted to A. Description Open Floor Plan Width: (big floor plates, Lowes-size) Height: 1 story, possible partial 2nd floor B. Uses Work, Residential

Big warehouse converted to dwellings.

C. Allowed Transects T5MS T5NS T5N T5F T5T

15


Building Types

Live / Work [LW]

A pair of live/work buildings on Sackett Street and Nevins Street. A. Description Width: Single Loaded Height: 2-3 stories B. Uses (by floor) 1st Commercial, Work 2nd Residential, Work (3 story only) 3rd Residential C. Allowed Transects T5MS T5NS T5N T5F T5T

16


Building Types

Mixed Use Transit [MUT]

Not located in Gowanus A. Description Stacked Flats on a Stair / Double-Loaded Corridor Width: Height: 6+ stories B. Uses (by floor) 1st Commercial 2nd Commercial, Work 3rd Commercial, Work 4th+ Residential, Work C. Allowed Transects T5MS T5NS T5N T5F T5T

17


Head of Canal

3

10 4

1 2 5

6

8

7 11

9

18


1

3

2

4

5

6 19


7

8

9

10

11 20


21


Market Center

6

3

2

1

4 5 8

7

22


1

2

3

4 23


5

6

7

8 24


25


Arts District + Batcave

9 2

8

4 5

7 1

3 11

10 6

26


1

2

3

4

5

6 27


7

8

9

10

11 28


29


Industrial Sector

2 4

6

1

7 3 5 9

8

10

11 30


1

2

3

4

5

6 31


7

8

10

9

11 32


33


Transit - Oriented Development 11 8 3 9 6

2

4

7

5 10 1

34


1

2

3

4

5 35


6

7

8

9

10

11 36


37


Commercial Transit District

6

5 7

8 2

1 3

4

38


1

2

3

4 39


5

6

7

8 40


41


3rd Avenue

6

7 4 5

2

3

1

42


2

1

3

4

6

5

7 43


4th Avenue

8 1

5

6

4 7 2 3 44


3

1

4

2

6

5

7

8 45


Smith Street 4

3 1

2

46


1

3

2

4 47


48


49

Gowanus Addenda  

The visual addenda for the ARC651 Urban Morphology studio's final presentation at Judson University, featuring photos and a visual explanati...

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