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Sketch Up



UWA end of year student exhibition

Adobe Photoshop Adobe Illustrator Adobe Indesign



UWA mid year student exhibition

September 2014 - March 2017


Church Kids Worship Leader: Engage with kids from age 3 to 6 years Responsible for their care Leading praise and worship

September 2014 - July 2015


Early Highschool Tutor: Helping out with homework

March 2016 - Present


SONA member

June - July 2016


International Tropical Architecture Design Competition (ITAD)

Autodesk AutoCAD Autodesk Revit Autodesk 3ds Max V-Ray Rhinoceros Model Making




Kunduz, Afghanistan Sustainable & efficient medical facility



Re-purpose of an abandoned building

(selected for student exhibition)



Redevelopment of an existing building





1500 Seat Basketball Stadium

(selected for student exhibition)



2 Tower Residential Condominium

Models, Photography, Crafts...

Kunduz, Afghanistan is a city plaged with recent wars and ďŹ ghting. In 2015 a major battle took place in the city centre and the main building of the Kunduz trauma centre were amongst the many casualties.

4th Year Studio Unit Genre: Hospital / Medical Facility / Humanitarian Aid Location: Kunduz, Afghanistan Year: 2016

Since the lost of the previous trauma centre, medical services have become scarce and the few private clinics that are available in the city are not accessible to the poor and needy. The people of Kunduz grow desperately in need of medical attention and are eager and willing to aid in this rebuilding project. This project undertakes the task of rebuilding the Kunduz trauma centre main building to once again play its pivotal role in providing medical care for the people. The new trauma centre will address the issues of safety as well as improving on the previous buildings performance such as having an efficient route and pathways. In terms of sustainability, energy saving design and systems have made the trauma centre to be more self-sufficient and the use of local and natural materials tie the building into its landscape giving it a local presence. This facility helps in healing not only the body but the mind as well, giving patients in this war torn region some ease.

Building Mass

Utilising the most of the given site, maximizing the space around the existing buildings that had survived the battle.

Cross Symbol

The symbol of hospitals and the red cross. To be as distinctive as possible so as not to be mistaken as a target especially in times of war.

Open / Separation

Separating the hospital departments and opening up the building to allow plenty of light and ventilation. Reduces the spread of infectious diseases.

Green Spaces

Green spaces located around the hospital as well as a central courtyard for patients and staff. To help the people’s well being and metal state of mind.

Map showing the previous trauma centre that was bombed. The site is located in the city center of Kunduz in Northern Afghanistan surrounded by residential housing and has a plot size is 28,000m2. The sun and wind come from the south of the site.

Important Site Factors: War zone

+ personnel safety

Power shortage

+ inconsistant power supply from grid

Water shortage

+ little to no rain during dry seasons


+ limited supply of conventional materials

New Buildings 1 - Mental Health / Physiotherapy / Out Patient 2 - Emergency Department / Operating Theatres / Sterilization area 3 - Laboratories / Backup Generator 4 - Cafeteria / Prayer Room / X-Ray 5 - In Patient / Intensive Care Unit

Site Plan Casualties

Routes Food, Laundry and Casualty traffic were considered to minimise traffic hindrance. The Casualty route closest to the morgue and comes into no contact with the food and little contact with the other pateints. In-patient wards located near the Kitchen for efficient food distibution. Laundry has access to all facilities through the main hallways/courtyard.


Food Exisiting Buildings 6 - Guard House 7 - Morgue 8 - In Patient Wards 9 - Central Heating / Guard Station 10 - Kitchen 11 - Waste Zone 12 - Pharmacy 13 - Water Tower / Reservoir 14 - Drying Area 15 - Fuel Station / Generators 16 - Logistics Storage 17 - Mechanics workshop 18 - Laundry Area 19 - Logistics / Administration Offices 20 - Latrine 21 - Car Parking

Ground Floor Plan

Triage System Color-Coding Scheme Red tags - (immediate) for patients with life-threatening injuries. Yellow tags - (delayed) for patients with critical injuries but are non-life threatening.

Major Patient Pathways Emergency Room

Operating Theatres

Intensive Care Unit

In-patient Wards


Emergency Room

Operating Theatres

Intensive Care Unit

In-patient Wards


In-patient Wards Green tags - (minimal) for patients with minor injuries.



Discharged Mental Health

Section A:A

Section B:B

Due the scarity of conventional building materials and construction equipment in Kunduz, a simple construction solution had to be used without the need to rely on heavy machinary. Local construction methods such as straw insulation and mud bricks are used. The rammed earth technique would utilise the land to make the exterior walls thicker then the interior mudbrick walls. The materials used for the construction are natural, cost effective and can be found locally.

Corrugated steel roof

Natural straw insulation

Wire mesh

Timber top wall

Natural straw insulation

Glass window pane

Bi-fold bamboo screen

Rammed earth exterior wall

Concrete footing

Mud brick interior wall

Rammed Earth Floor

A portion of the In-patient ward

Roof Detail - 1:10

Window Detail - 1:10

Footing Detail - 1:10

Roof Window Detail - 1:10

Section C:C

4th Year Studio Unit Genre: Redevelopment / Commercial retail / Garden Location: 480 hay st, Perth city, Western Australia Year: 2016

The Fire and Emergency Services Authority building is located in the heart of Perth’s city and has served as the headquarters for Perth's fire department for decades. It carries a rich amount of history but is soon to be demolished for a new redevelopment project. During the next 5-6 years the building will be left abandoned, until the start of the redevelopment project. My proposal is to give a new purpose and direction to the building during these 5 odd years and utilize it to benefit its surrounding community. By creating a high rise green building in the center of Perth’s CBD it will serve as a green space for the surrounding community with additions of retail and hospitality. All while still maintaining the rich history of the building to pay its patronage to its heritage. Through the use of mother nature and the natural process of plant growth to provide a unique experience that tells a story about the effects of demolishment and nature. The building will transform into a newly redesigned building that would serve its community once again. This project hopes to pave the notion of redesigning older buildings rather then to have it be demolished and rebuilt.

DESIGN The use of subtraction to open the building Removal the roof

Offices & Commercial Buildings

Retail Shops

Green spaces and hospitality for office people to enjoy.

The existing shopping district along hay street will be extended towards the site to benefit shoppers.

Partial removal of 7th & 6th floor

Create a light well for natural light & ventilation

Perth Royal Hospital

Residential Apartments

Hospital visitors and patients would benefit from the green spaces and retail available on site.

Residential garden plots available for the surrounding apartment residents to be able to grow their own plants.

Building Programme

Section A:A

1st Floor Plan

Free Markets Parking garage for fire vehicles are converted into markets consisting of a variety of stalls. From pop-up shops, flea markets to bike rentals. Ground Floor Plan

Retail Interior

2nd Floor Plan

The old fireman's quarters converted into retail stores on the 2nd level of the building.

Runic Gardens

Horticulture Programme One of the important programmes happening in the building is the horticulture research. Offices and labs are situated on levels 3 & 3m. Horticulture is right at home within the building. As the building provides readily available garden spaces such as the outdoor nursery on the 3rd floor balcony and once the plants mature they can be relocated to the 5th and 6th floor garden ruins.

Concept of a building given new life through the process of nature.

The runic gardens are located on the 6 & 5th floors. It is divided into 3 separate categories according to the sunlight needs for different types of plants. Dense shade, partial sun & full sun. Indoor gardenWW has a darker more rustic interior giving visitors the feeling of an abandoned Atmosphere. Where as the outdoor garden has a more green and lively atmosphere with existing folly dotted around the area. The existing fire sprinklers from the old Fire and Emergency Services Authority building are utilized in watering the plants within the building.

After 5 years the plants can be replanted across the city. Roof Top Cafe The cafe is situated at the top level and has the best views of the city through out the building. It has a unique setting placed within the broken existing masonry walls.

3rd Floor Plan

5th Floor Plan

4th Floor Plan

6th Floor Plan

Runic Gardens

Growth Of The Building Over The 5 Years

Over time the plants start to take over the building. As these plants mature the growth will cause certain pathways to be blocked like the doors on the level 6 runic gardens. The exterior facade of the building will also be effected by blocking some amount of sun from entering into through the shop windows on the 3rd level. Towards the end of the 5 years the building would have transformed back into mother nature.

Breakage and Overgrowth

Exposed columns supports plant life

Cracks form on the wall due to the rusting exposed steel bars

Runic Gardens After 2 Years

Paths blocked due to plant growth

This project undertakes the task of redeveloping the old Myer building located in kings square, Fremantle into a new building following the kings square redevelopment plan.

3rd Year Studio Unit Genre: Commercial Retail / Apartments / Redevelopment Location: Fremantle, Perth, Western Australia Year: 2015

My proposed design would be to create a building unique to the culture of Fremantle. Markets, museums, wall art, heritage, culture are all strong points when one thinks of Fremantle. Drawing inspiration from toy outpost and its business strategy. Transforming the building into a retail / gallery where artist, designers and retailers can come together to collaborate in a conducive environment that is sustainable and welcoming to the people visiting the area.

EXISTING SITE Open: Allows for a sustainable design by using natural ventilation & light.

Side View Along Queens Street

Front Entrance

The building was abandoned when retail giant Myer move out. After 6 months of being abandoned it has now slowly become a temporarily unique space for ee markets, designers and artists. The building itself is very enclosed and cutoff from the outside. There is little to no natural light sources and ventilation is poor with no windows. The mechanical HVCA system is relied upon heavily.

Sun: The site is an ideal location to get awesome panoramic views of the Indian ocean and port Fremantle. Apartments would be able to enjoy both the sunrise & sunset.


Connection: The site is situated in the middle of Fremantle and plays a major role in the connection of green spaces, retail districts and tourist attractions.

Animation Shots From 3Ds Max


Cubes: Taking inspiration from toy outpost my design would allow for transparency & visibility. Retail items and artworks are able to be seen from the outside of the building attracting people towards it.

Old & New: Some parts of the old building will be kept as other parts make way for the new building to emerge from its former shell.

The Cube retail shops extend into kings square. Attracting people and making the park more lively. This also helps to draw people into the art cube building.

The Art Cube Perspective View The unique shape of the building allows sunlight to enter throughout the day. Residents are able to enjoy both the sunrise and sunset.

The former square building is cut opened at a corner to allow for a more open concept. The building will feel more spacious and people will feel more welcomed

Kings square is developed into a park for leisure

Located in the heart of Fremantle, circulation into art cube is plentiful. It is a perfect location for a destination hub. a place for people to go for leisure and entertainment.

Site Plan 1:500

Retail shops range from temporary lease to longer leases. The temporary leases are for new people who want to try and get into the market much like many which is currently occupying the site. These small shops help to add variety to the building as every now and then new shops will open adding to a sense of change and prevents the place from becoming stale. After an artist has ďŹ nished manufacturing their art they can rent these smaller retail spaces or lease with shopkeepers to sell their creations. Longer leases are for more well known/conventional retail outlets. The smallest shop space available is 25sqm and the biggest is 250sqm. Most of the temp shops are at the front facing kings square to entice visitors passing by or are exposed to visors going in towards the bigger stores, while-list the bigger store are at the back as they anchor the retail industry.

Retail Manufacturing Hospitality

Ground Floor Plan

Cafe and restaurants are in the middle of the building as they are able to fan out into the courtyard. Allowing people to enjoy nice meals in the open under the protection of the canopy. Loading bay access from queens street makes transporting goods to the 1st and 2nd oor easy. Main Entrance

Retail and hospitality continues up to this level. There is no manufacturing program on this level. Same as the ground oor plan eateries are towards the middle and temporary lease shops are towards the front. The Carpark entrances are only found on levels Ground, 1 and 2 but lifts are found on all levels.

Retail Manufacturing Hospitality

Sustainability The open area near the back of the building acts as a thermal chimney. Hot air from all the levels escape to the top. It lets natural wind ow through and the building keeps the building cool.

1st Floor Plan

Section A:A

The industry in the building is art. this level contains all the necessary rooms and equipments for artists. The goal is to provide A good environment for artist to create their art pieces. Artist will have their own studio rooms and offices to work in. For major works such as sculptures ,wood works, metal works etc... they can be done in workshops located around the level for ease of access . As well as creating works of art classrooms are available for those wanting to share their knowledge and teach. A kitchen/common room is located in the middle of the level. A place where the artists can get together and mingle.

Retail Manufacturing Hospitality

Sustainable, the green columns are existing columns that is being reused.

2nd Floor Plan

Section B:B

Apartment Floors

7th Floor

Roof Top Bar 6th Floor

The residential levels go from the 3rd oor all the way up to the 7th. The apartments are placed such that they get most of the sunlight through out the day and at least some direct sunlight. On the 3rd oor there are green spaces for people to enjoy as well as a roof top bar which is accessible to everyone.

5th Floor

Residential units Green spaces Hospitality

3rd Floor Plan

4th Floor

Double Glazed Glass These glass boxes made from high strength glass protrude out of certain spots of the rendered brick facade. This gives openness and visibility to people outside the building.

Rendered Brick

Front Elevation

The existing brick wall is rendered with cement to give a solid rock hard appearance. Later lines are chiseled away from the render to give the facade a broken rocky exterior look. The reused brick wall pushes out towards kings square.

3rd Floor Open Area View

View From Queens Street

3rd Year Studio Unit Genre: Stadium Location: Perth Metropolitan Area, Western Australia Year: 2015

This project undertakes the task of designing a medium size basketball stadium with a long spanning truss system. To explore the effects of live and dead loads on a structure as well as familiarizing with different building systems such as the mechanical, hydraulically and electrical components of a building. To evaluate the design, multi-frame a structural analysis software was used to do the calculation for the stress and strains of the load bearing structural elements.

Site Plan 1:2000 The site is hypothetical and is located in the Perth metropolitan area. The ground has a gentle gradient, sloping down from the access road with a gradient of approximately 1 in 10 with sandy and stable soil. Facilities around the stadium include a total of 20 staff parking and 2 bus parking. Parking for visitors are off site.

Hydraulic Schematic Plan 1. Pump room 2. Cafe water reticulation 3. Main water reticulation 4. Toilet water reticulation 5. Water storage tanks 6. Fire tank room 7. Change room water reticulation

There is a loading bay to the north side of the stadium. The drop off point at the south side near the access road and a court yard at the front of the stadium. Mechanical Schematic Plan

Schematic Plan 1:100 1. Administrative office 2. Cafe and shop 3. Male toilet 4. Dual lines of telecommunication room 5. Distribution boards room. 6. Pump room 7. Chiller plant room 8. Female toilet 9. Players Change room 10. Male toilet 11. Female toilet 12. Male toilet 14. Switch room 15. Main ICT room and inverter room 16. Fire tank room 17. Equipment store room 18. Equipment store room

1. Chiller plant room 2. Under seat air ducting 3. Under seat intake louvers 4. Air handling units plant room under seating and boiler room 5. External air ducting

Electrical Schematic Plan 1. Main circuit between electrical rooms 2. Distribution boards room 3. Dual lines of telecommunication room 4. Power circuit to interior court 5. Power circuit to rooms 6. Power circuit to storage rooms 7. Mains power 8. Switch room 9. Main ICT room and inverter room

The proposed structure is a steel structure system with steel columns, beams and trusses.



Deflection analysis using Multiframe software. Wind, rain and extreme weather load were calculated.

Each truss spans 47 360mm and supports the curved roof of the building which has a total area of 2857m2. South Wind Load Deflection Model

East Wind Load Deflection Model

Using the AS 1170 as a design criteria An analysis of the wind load hitting the front and side Roof Members : 158mm allowable deflection of the stadium showed that In both cases the structure Columns : 20.6mm allowable deflection is stable. Shear bending + Axial stress are not to be more then 250MPa

South Wall Elevation

1. Barestone fibre cement panel 9mm thick 1200mm height by 3000mm Width 2. Honeycomb Danpalon 35 mm thick 900 mm width

Rain Load Deflection Model

Extreme Load Deflection Model

An analysis of the rain load hitting the roof of the stadium showed that the structure is stable.

All the loads applied at the same time and multiplied respectively [ dead x 1.2 live x 1.5 wind x 1.5 ].Major displacement occurred on the roof trusses but still well under the allowable design criteria. Roof Members : 104mm allowable deflection Columns : 20.2mm allowable deflection Shear bending + Axial stress: 220MPa

Section A:A Roof detail

1. Retaining wall 2. Concrete pavement 3. Wall 4. Truss with a span of 47360 mm 5. Bottom chord of truss 6. Internal wall concrete 7. Colourbond roof 8. Wheelchair ramp 9. Seats 10. 1100mm wide Walk way

Wall connection detail

Footing detail

Roof Detail

1. Metal fascia 2. Aluminum pivot end cap 3. White danpalon 30 mm 4. 310UC158 steel column 5. Top chord of truss 6. General bracket 7. Steel beam 8. Fascia metal clip 9. Water prooďŹ ng 10. C purlin 11. Colourbond steel kilp lok 700 12. Pink batt 96 insulation

Wall Connection Detail

1. White danpalon 30 mm thick 2. Aluminium pivot end cap 3. Flashing 4. Barestone fibre cement 9mm thick 5. Top hat Frame 35 mm thick 6. Wall wrap water proofing 7. C purlin 8. Wood capping 9. Screw 10. Steel beam 11. General bracket

Footing Detail

1. Barestone fibre cement panel 9mm thick

12. Vapour barrier

2. Top hat frame 35 mm thick

13. Gravel aggregate

3. Wall warp water proofing

14. Insulation

4. C35030 girt

15. 75 x 75 mm steel plate

5. General bracket

16. Nut

6. Cemintel Cavity Baffle

17. 200mm concrete floor

7. Sealant

18. Concrete filling

8. Flashing

19. Wood profile

9. 300mm reinforced concrete slab

20. 310UC158 stell column

10. Reinforcement steel

21. Plaster board 16 mm thick

11. Earth

ITAD Competition Genre: Sustainable / Residential Apartments Location: Makkasan, Bangkok Year: 2016


Air Pollution & Haze

High Temperature

The three major sources are vehicular emissions, biomass burning and trans boundary haze in rural areas, and industrial discharges in industrialized zones.

Due to its tropical climate and it gets very hot and becomes worst as the greenhouse gas emission increases.


Sewerage & Water Pollution

Poor collection and transportation of the refuse to disposal sites is a common problem. The widely spreading urban fringe and traffic congestion contribute to garbage collection problem.

As a result of having poor sewerage system for some of the rural areas people are prone to dump rubbish into the river.

DESIGN CONCEPT Renewable Energy

Passive Cooling

Solar panels placed on the most optimal part of the building from our solar analysis.

The prevailing winds enter the apartments through the balcony and provides cross ventilation.

Collects rainwater during the rainy season to reduce water usage. Water stored in preparation for use during the hot season.




Provides a good clean environment cleansing the air and cooling the building. BeneďŹ cial for mental health and promotes healthy living.

Apartments segregated into 1,2 and 3 bedroom units.

Water storage at the roof is used for the building’s water cooling system.

Rainwater Collection

Sustainability Features

Sun Open space between the buildings allows optimum sunlight for the plants and natural lighting for the apartment corridors. Solar panels are placed strategically on the roof for renewable energy. Cooling Systems Rain collected & stored on the roof . When the building interior reaches a hot temperature, the system will release collected water which flows down the glass facade to cool the building. Ground heat exchange system used to pump cool air into the building corridors while releasing the hot air from the roof. Water Management System Rain water is collected in the pond at ground level. A filtering system filters the pond water for storage. It is then used in the apartments. Grey water from the apartments will be filtered by the grey water filtering system and reused for irrigation purposes. Waste Disposal Systems Garbage chutes for general and recyclable waste provided on each floor. They are sucked to a central collection point for easy access to garbage trucks to pick up. Night soil system is used to collect the human waste to be transferred to the treatment plant.

Ground Floor Pond 1. Tennis Court 6. Sky Gym 11. Jogging Track

Ground Floor Plan

1st Floor Plan

10th Floor Plan

2. Vegetation / Garden 7. Barbecue Area 12. Bicycle Racks

3. Garbage Shaft 8. Retail Stores 13. Pond

25th Floor Plan

4. Basketball Court 9. Lobby 14. Cafe

5. Jacuzzi 10. Carpark Entry

Top Trim Irrigation System

Side Trim Standard Stainless steel

Standard Stainless steel Soilless Material Ensuring Growth Waterproofing Wedge Anchor

Bio-Air Filter System Each apartment has its individual air filtering backyard. Natural wind will passed through some air filtering plants and a green wall before the wind reaches into the apartment.

Steel Frame

Wind & Ventilation

Natural Cold Wind

Apartments balcony is facing the North-East wind and the South-West wind in order to receive maximum wind ventilation. Cold air enters from the corridor and the balcony while the hot air is released from the high opening above the sliding door.

Natural Cold Wind

Corridor Cold Air

Apartment Types mm

0 00


17th - 25th floor 65



Single / Couple Apt 1 Bedroom

Apartment Interior


0 00


10th - 17th floor




Medium Family Apt 2 Bedroom

Sky Gym at Level 10


0 00


1st - 10th floor




Family + Elderly Apt 3 Bedroom Community Sports Area

3rd Year Studio Unit Genre: Digital Art, Photography, Craft, Models Year: 2013 - 2016

Digital Art

Flower Dome

Singapore Art Science Museum

Plaster Cast

Trauma Centre Sectional Model

Words are powerless to express my gratitude

Architecture Portfolio  

Works from my time at the University of Western Australia

Architecture Portfolio  

Works from my time at the University of Western Australia