Urban Inventory • Architecture strelka october 2013 Asen Chumov / Elena Mazina Dima Averyanov / Giulio Margheri Jurijs Kostirko / Kirill Lebedev Vitaly Avdeev
The plot, where the Central House of Artists built, was selected in 1935 for the construction of the USSR Science Academy buildings projected by A. Schusev. Construction was started in 1941 but it was recently stopped at the stage of the zero cycle due to the WWII. In the 1960s proposals were developed for the administrative and residential buildings but by the end of 1960 it was decided to establish the Art Park with Exposition Centre. In 2008 there was a plan to demolish the building and replace it with a new 15-storey Orange complex by Norman Foster. The project has caused a sharp disapproval of the public. The project was denied and it was replaced by another project prepared by Moscomarchitecture, which also was denied. December 2, 2009 CHA guidance received an official order from the Government of the Russian Federation, which indicated that the building would be demolished, and the Tretyakov Gallery will be transferred from it to another location.
PROJ E CT : Competition in 1962-1963 B U I L D I N G S I T E : 9000 mÂ˛ PROGRAM: 54 000 mÂ˛ with 27 Halls, Congress Hall with 600 seats, 500 Parking Lots
C H I E F A RC H I T E CT S : Yuriy Sheverdyaev and Nikolay Sukoyan TEAM: M. Kruglov, G. Mikhaylovskaya, V. Vasilieva and V. Gutorkin
Competition proposals, 1965
This external architectural element was one of the most interesting elements, because it was very easy to see how people are using the building from inside. It is clear that many rooms in the building lost their usage purpose. Many rooms which supposed to work for art objects purposes where used for storage or as utility room. It is visible how people love greenery and flowers in the place where they work. Analysis showed that more than 740 windows where unclean, 12 of all windows were broken (missing or smashed glass), that is showing critical condition of maintaining the building.
One of the outdoor architectural and construction elements that took our attention, because of characteristics what they have. Analyzing column condition it is clearly visible how time and people where influenced this architectural element. For example on North and NorthWest faĂ§ade, which is mainly serving for service needs, columns where partly destroyed and where much more dirtier then South and South-East faĂ§ade which is working as main entrances to the building. The result of an analysis was statistical graph of the information about the columns (number of defected columns, amount of used security cameras on columns, pimped columns â€“ columns which have advertisement or other shining thing on them) and photos of different look of columns.
In the building of “ЦДХ” (Central House of Artist, 1979) patterns analysis showed different diversities of surface design what was in trend during that time period when building was built. Pictures of patterns where taken and displayed in their different combination varieties. Patterns were a perfect instrument to understand usage of a space in the building – rooms like main lobby had expensive (or looking expensive) materials like marble and complicated suspended ceiling structure. But rooms like corridors or changing room had simple not so expensive materials like plaster or simple wooden decorations.
To make an analysis of the mistakes in the building we looked to the thing like functional planning of some areas in the building which are not working properly according to original idea. We also took a look on the architectural elements of the building that are not functioning as they should, for example roof windows which in the original proposal was supposed to work as a daylight provider in to the building, but now those windows are covered with not-transparent material, which does not allow for daylight to come in.
This is final presentation for several day workshop of Urban Inventory. For inventory of “ЦДХ” (Central House of Artist, 1979) building our team chose to look for the building zoning, small architectural forms and patterns. As a final result the inventory consisted of historical background of the building, zoning diagram, column and window mapping. Also we analyzed ‘mistakes’ of the building, where our team was searching for spaces and building elements that doesn’t really function as they should. During the presentation audience was able to navigate via model of CDH building our team made and search for more detailed information on the posters. After the presentation each from the audience was able to pick one of the postcards which served as informational wall for the research. The idea was to show people the architectural diversity of “ЦДХ” building and further to create associations and memories.