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Welcome to our 54th monthly edition of Jump.

It is now May, but as of this writing (late April), we have not had a drop of rain. Nature is miraculous, though, and flowers are blooming—although not as much. The cactus flowers were few and cacti are still needing that blessing from the sky. You know, sometimes it’s hard to keep our heads up, especially with the price of gas and teachers in danger of losing their jobs. I know that the students will be the ones suffering the losses the most. It is a sour note and May is Teacher Appreciation Week. Teachers, just know that there are a lot of people supporting you. Parents and students, back your teachers! And, this month, do remember them for the great job they do. As far as gas...well, it will never go down again, I don’t think. Everything is impacted when gas goes up. “Funny” newspeople make fun and say that people need to ride their bikes to work. Pretty good if your job is a couple of blocks away, but that’s not so here in the Valley. Some of you will be attending graduation ceremonies. My congratulations to you if you have a high school or beyond graduate. I am sure it has not been an easy road for you parents. And, of course, May is Mother’s Day. Whether your mamacita gets a serenata or flowers or a gift, the best presents are from the heart. How about donating a whole day of your time and do your mom’s housework for her? How about a long hug and a kiss? How about a homemade funny card? How about breakfast in bed? Or....just let it come from the heart! May is abuzz with the ending of school. Kids are so happy to be off for summer break. They will be taller when they return to school. Plan your summer now if you haven’t done so already. Enroll them at your local library reading programs, boys and girls clubs and other activities so they will not sleep their summer away Make sure they read—for sure!! Betty Ramirez

Jump Magazine

does not guarantee the quality of services advertised and our Jump readers should take caution by investigating and using prudent judgment when dealing with any business advertising in our publications.

For Parents 3-Welcome 4-Why God Made Moms 5-Inspirations 6-Cover Story 7-Letters to Jump 8-Dr. Ida

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17-Grilled Jalapeno Chicken All Ads For Kids: 19-Possums 20-27--Activity Pages

For Family Time /Activities 9-Book Reviews 10-Freedom Riders 15-Science Rocks 18-Crafts

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Answers given by 2nd grade school children to the following questions: Why did God make mothers? 1.  She's the only one who knows where the scotch tape is. 2.  Mostly to clean the house. 3.  To help us out of there when we were getting born. How did God make mothers? 1.  He used dirt, just like for the rest of us. 2.  Magic plus super powers and a lot of stirring. 3.  God made my mom just the same like he made me.  He just used bigger parts. What ingredients are mothers made of? 1.  God makes mothers out of clouds and angel hair and everything nice in the world and one dab of mean. 2.  They had to get their start from men's bones.  Then they mostly use string, I think. Why did God give you your mother and not some other mom? 1.  We're related. 2.  God knew she likes me a lot more than other people's mom like me. What kind of a little girl was your mom? 1.  My mom has always been JUMP • 4

my mom and none of that other stuff. 2. I don't know because I wasn't there, but my guess would be pretty bossy. 3.  They say she used to be nice. What did mom need to know about dad before she married him? 1.  His last name. 2.  She had to know his background.  Like is he a crook?  Does he get drunk on beer? 3.  Does he make at least $800 a year?  Did he say NO to drugs and YES to chores? Why did your mom marry your dad? 1.  My dad makes the best spaghetti in the world.  And my mom eats a lot. 2. She got too old to do anything else with him. 3.  My grandma says that mom didn't have her thinking cap on. Who's the boss at your house? 1.  Mom doesn't want to be boss, but she has to because dad's such a goof ball. 2.  Mom.  You can tell by room inspection.  She sees the stuff under the bed. 3.  I guess mom is, but only because she has a lot more to do than dad. What's the difference between moms and dads? 1.  Moms work at work and work at home and dads just go to

work at work. 2. Moms know how to talk to teachers without scaring them. 3.  Dads are taller and stronger, but moms have all the real power 'cause that's who you got to ask if you want to sleep over at your friends. 4.  Moms have magic, they make you feel better without medicine. What does your mom do in her spare time? 1.  Mothers don't do spare time. 2.  To hear her tell it, she pays bills all day long. What would it take to make your mom perfect? 1.  On the inside she's already perfect.  Outside, I think some kind of plastic surgery. 2.  Diet.  You know, her hair.  Her eyes, maybe blue. If you could change one thing about your mom, what would it be? 1.  She has this weird thing about me keeping my room clean.  I'd get rid of that. 2.  I'd make my mom smarter.  Then she would know it was my sister who did it not me. 3.  I would like for her to get rid of those invisible eyes on the back of her head.  Author Unknown


It all began to make sense, the blank stares, the lack of response, the way one of the kids will walk into the room while I’m on the phone and ask to be taken to the store. Inside I’m thinking, ‘Can’t you see I’m on the phone?’ Obviously not; no one can see if I’m on the phone, or cooking, or sweeping the floor, or even standing on my head in the corner, because no one can see me at all. I’m invisible. The invisible Mom. Some days I am only a pair of hands, nothing more! Can you fix this? Can you tie this? Can you open this?? Some days I’m not a pair of hands; I’m not even a human being. I’m a clock to ask, ‘What time is it?’ I’m a satellite guide to answer, ‘What number is the Disney Channel?’ I’m a car to order, ‘Right around 5:30, please.’ Some days I’m a crystal ball; ‘Where’s my other sock?, Where’s my phone?, What’s for dinner?’ I was certain that these were the hands that once held books and the eyes that studied history, music and literature -but now, they had disappeared into the peanut butter, never to be seen again. She’s going, she’s going, she’s gone! One night, a group of us were having dinner, celebrating the return of a friend from England. She had just gotten back from a fabulous trip, and she was going on and on about the hotel she stayed in. I was sitting there, looking around at the others all put together so well. It was hard not to compare and feel sorry for myself. I was feeling pretty pathetic, when she turned to JUMP • 5

me with a beautifully wrapped package, and said, ‘I brought you this.’ It was a book on the great cathedrals of Europe. I wasn’t exactly sure why she’d given it to me until I read her inscription: ‘With admiration for the greatness of what you are building when no one sees.’ In the days ahead I would read - no, devour - the book. And I would discover what would become for me, four lifechanging truths, after which I could pattern my work: 1) No one can say who built the great cathedrals - we have no record of their names. 2) These builders gave their whole lives for a work they would never see finished. 3) They made great sacrifices and expected no credit. 4) The passion of their building was fueled by their faith that the eyes of God saw everything. A story of legend in the book told of a rich man who came to visit the cathedral while it was being built, and he saw a workman carving a tiny bird on the inside of a beam. He was puzzled and asked the man, ‘Why are you spending so much time carving that bird into a beam that will be covered by the roof, No one will ever see it And the workman replied, ‘Because God sees.’ I closed the book, feeling the missing piece fall into place. It was Almost as if I heard God whispering to me, ‘I see you. I see the sacrifices you make every day, even when no one around you does. No act of kindness you’ve done, no sequin you’ve sewn on, no cupcake you’ve baked, no Cub Scout meeting, no last minute errand is too small for me to notice and smile over.

You are building a great cathedral, but you can’t see right now what it will become. I keep the right perspective when I see myself as a great builder. As one of the people who show up at a job that they will never see finished, to work on something that their name will never be on. The writer of the book went so far as to say that no cathedrals could ever be built in our lifetime because there are so few people willing to sacrifice to that degree. When I really think about it, I don’t want my son to tell the friend he’s bringing home from college for Thanksgiving, ‘My Mom gets up at 4 in the morning and bakes homemade pies, and then she hand bastes a turkey for 3 hours and presses all the linens for the table.’ That would mean I’d built a monument to myself. I just want him to want to come home. And then, if there is anything more to say to his friend, he’d say, ‘You’re gonna love it there...’ As mothers, we are building great cathedrals. We cannot be seen if we’re doing it right. And one day, it is very possible that the world will marvel, not only at what we have built, but at the beauty that has been added to the world by the sacrifices of invisible mothers. Share this with all the Invisible Moms you know... I just did. The Will of God will never take you where the Grace of God will not protect you. To all the wonderful mothers out there!! God bless and keep you. Author Unknown

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Mommies all over make a difference every hour and every minute. We found someone that is, not only a great mother, but juggles (and struggles) to work and continue her education. Meet busy Mommy, Rosa Garza.

What Her Children Say since the first day I knew I was pregMy mom is special because she cares nant, but when the doctor laid each for me. She tells me to be the best evof my babies on my arms I felt the eryday in school. She skates with me greatest love. There is not a manual in Fantasyland and plays Just Dance that will teach you how to be a good with me with the Wii. She buys me mom, so as a mother I’ve learned that things and takes me places. My mom each of my children is different and takes me to the park to play. My mom have different needs. Every day I try to takes me to parties. She is nice to me. be the best for them by guiding them I will love my mom forever. Alberto and also letting them make mistakes Montes-lst grade to learn from them. As a working Why I love my mom...My mom cares mother and a student, sometimes is for her three children (Derika, Alberto, difficult because I get home tired havand Alexandra). She encourages us to ing to do homework and my children do well in school. She helps us when wanting to talk about their day at we don’t understand something. She school or needing help with homebuys us food to eat and clothes to work so I have to make time for them. wear. Whenever we are sad she cheers I enjoy having all my children togethus up or plays with us outside. She’s er including my two step daughters always there for us. I love my mom. every other week. We spend quality Derika Montez-4th grade time by taking them places they want to go, or staying at home. The role of What Mom Says About being a mother will never stop (being Being a Mom patient, being firm, being involved in the things they love, being supportive My name is Rosa I. Garza and I am even when they have different opinmarried to Eduardo Garza. I am a ions, being a role model, giving them mother of three: Alexandra Isabella advice, helping them out on home(14 months), Derika Diancey (9 years), work, etc., etc.). I tell my children they Alberto (7 years), and a step mother of will always be my babies even when two: Alaissa (9 years) and Aaliyah (12). they grow old and that I will always I am a Kindergarten teacher currently love them even when they are mad working on a Master’s degree. I love at me, and they just smile at me. My being a mother. Having each of my advice to them has always been to be children has been the most beautiful the best they can be, and even when experiences I ever had. I remember they don’t do something right the first each delivery like if it was yesterday. time, they have to keep on trying and I fell in love with each one of them never give up.

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My mom is special because... she cares for me. She tells me to be the best everyday in school. She skates with me in Fantasyland and plays Just Dance with me with the Wii. She buys me things and takes me places. My mom takes me to the park to play. My mom takes me to parties. She is nice to me. I will love my mom forever. - Alberto Montes (1st grade)

Why I love my mom My mom cares for her three children (Derika, Alberto, and Alexandra). She encourages us to do well in school. She helps us when we don’t understand something. She buys us food to eat and clothes to wear. Whenever we are sad she cheers us up or plays with us outside. She’s always there for us. I love my mom. - Derika Monte (4th grade)

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Dear Jump, Thank you for teaching us about the soldiers Ricardo Ramirez, Nieves R, Rumaldo Ramirez, Robert Rodriguez and Rogelio Ramirez. Gracias por los juegos de la revista y los dibujos tambien. Los chistes que tiene y las gallinas de que nos dio informacion. Me gustan mucho. Jump es my entretenido.” Sinceramente, Manuel-Zapata Ele m. La Joya ISD

“Thank you for the awesome Jump Magazine! We love the games and coloring pages. Our teacher uses it to teach us new things and it makes learning Fun!!” Sincerely, Mrs. Alaniz-Saenz's 2nd Grade Class Meley, Alexia, Jose Luis, Alfonso, Omar, Yadira, Lessly, Herardo, Jose, Citlali, Nancy, Rodrigo, Diego, Manuel, Carlos, Elio, Jesus, Eleazar, Kevin-Zapata Elem. La Joya ISD

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Jump wants to recognize people that make a difference in the community. This month, we are highlighting Dr. Ida Acuna-Garza. Not only has she make a difference in educating our Jump readers, she has been instrumental in educating hundreds/thousands of other individuals in her various capacities through the years. If you know of someone that is making a difference in the Rio Grande Valley, forward the information to Betty Ramirez @ 956.240-3255.

Dr. Ida, as I call her, is a long-time contributor to Jump Magazine. Often, I am told how helpful her articles are. Because of her introspective insight into parenting issues, education, and her life experiences, she can teach or remind any parent of the importance of being an involved parent at different stages of children's lives. Topics vary and include child growth and development, parenting, leadership, health, nutrition, housing, group dynamics, food safety and outreach strategies.

Dr. Ida has been a lecturer at UTPA, has been a County Extension Agent-Family and Consumer Sciences, Executive Director for Research and Training for Abriendo Puertas, Inc. (A&M University), and presently serves as Executive Director, South Texas Literacy Coalition and an educational consultant. She has a Bachelor of Science from Texas A & I (Now A&M) in Kingsville, a Master of Education in Counseling and Guidance from UTPA and Doctor of Education from Texas A&M University.

Fluent in English and Spanish, she produced “Ida's Kitchen” for 18 years on KGBT-TV and has had radio programming experience. Dr. Ida, Jump and Jump readers appreciate your helpful articles. Thank you so much for your contributions to our community. Dr. Ida can be reached at 956.414.6078 or e-mail at iacuna@aol.com. - Betty Ramirez

SOMEONE YOU KNOW MAKING A DIFFERENCE IN THE COMMUNITY?

If you know of someone that is making a difference in the Rio Grande Valley, forward the information to Betty Ramirez @ 956.240-3255. JUMP • 8

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Children

Silk Umbrellas by Carolyn Marsden

By Kristina Corral, Children’s Librarian, McAllen Library Marsden tells a lovely story about a young girl named Noi and her family. Noi loves to lie about in the Northern Thailand jungle and watch her grandmother Kun Ya paint beautiful images on colorful silk umbrellas. As Noi discovers her own talent, she must also deal with the changes and financial needs of her family. Her older sister, who is still a child herself, must go to work in order to help her family. Noi’s love for her family is evident, as is her willingness to do her part. Silk Umbrellas is a story that everyone can relate to and enjoy. It is a story of love, strength, and togetherness.

Teen

X-men: Magneto Testament by Greg Pak and Carmine Di Giandomenico

By Michelle Shelton, Children’s Supervisor, McAllen Library Set in the concentration camps of Eastern Europe comes the origin tale of Magneto, one of the most powerful X-Men. Pak and Di Giandomenico portray the story of Max Eisenhardt as he goes from a athletic popular school boy to a desperate lonely inmate in Auschwitz with immense dedication. Determined to find that “one moment that can change everything," as his father told him, Max waits for the moment that will allow him to save his love and to break free. This graphic novel describes not only the origins of Magneto, but the story of a brave and courageous boy, and is a must read for X-Men fans, history buffs, and those who love graphic novels.  Written and illustrated in a moving and artistic way, this graphic novel goes beyond expectations and brings new light to the comic book character.

Adult Great House by Nicole Krauss By Kate Horan, Assistant Director of Public Services, McAllen Library This novel is actually a series of narratives by four different characters around the central theme of a desk that passes from person to person.   Reading these stories, which are from male and female perspectives, young and old, those who search and those who wish not to be found, feels like a long, fascinating dream sequence.  I found myself absorbed and moved by the almost poetic, aphoristic passages.  Krauss has said of fiction that it should "remind us of ourselves, of who we are in our essence, and at the same instant…deliver a revelation." This novel delivers on all counts.

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Tarde que temprano tendra la oportunidad de reunirse con la maestra/ maestro de su hijo/hija para la conferencia annual en la escuela. Para algunos padres es un evento positivo; pero para otros los hace sentirse nerviosos. Esa nerviosidad puede resultar del temor que nosotros, como padres, seremos juzgados segun la calidad de padres que somos. Pero para las maestros y maestros, puede ser un tiempo temeroso tambien, ya que se pueden sentir como van a ser juzgados por la calidad de su profesionalismo y capacidad como maestros. Actualmente, todos tenemos razon. Las conferencias entre padres y maestros son necesarios e importantes como parte de la evaluacion del exito escolar de nuestros hijos y que papel desarrollamos nosotros. La conferencia promueve la comunicación entre padres y maestros para monitorear el progreso de los estudiantes. Algo de lo que si debemos de estar de acuerdo es que el éxito escolar es una tarea de equipo – entre

el estudiante, sus padres, los maestros, y la administracion de la escuela. Padres, las dos preguntas mas importantes que debe haceren esa conferencia anual son: 1. ¿Como va progresando mi hijo/hija en sus clases? Y 2.¿Que es lo que yo/ nosotros podemos hace en casa para ayudar a mi hijo/hija lograr el exito escolar o mejorar sus calificacciones? Mantenga un actitud positivo, una menta abierta y este dispuesta a aceptar sugerencias constructivas segun el progreso de su hijo/hija. Hay diferentes maneras y estilos de aprender y los maestros luchan para desarrollar sus lecciones para llegarles a los estudiantes que aprenden visualmente, o que aprenden mas oyendo, o los que aprenden activamente envolucrandose en la leccion. Se puede imaginar en un salon de clase donde hay 25 o mas estudiantes el reto que es ensenar el mismo concept o idea en varias maneras para todos los estudiantes pueden aprender y comprender la

leccion. Nosotors, como padres, necesitamos, proveerles a nuestros estudiantes con un espacio en casa donde pueden hacer sus tareas escolares y con las herramientas necesarias asi como papel, lapices, plumas, lapices especiales para mapas, tijeras, marcadores, cartulinas, y una computadora. Ademas de estas herramientas, tenemos que promover un buen actitud y un punto de vista positivo sobre el valor de una educacion. Siembre esa semillita en sus hijos que ellos SI lograran buenas calificacciones, que SI pueden completar sus tareas escolares, que SI se van a graduar de la preparatoria, y que SI asistiran al colegio logrando una carrera profesional! Sea consistente con su mensaje y repitalo siempre. Ayuda a su hijo/hija comprender que el equipo de personas que quieren que el/ ella logre el exito y que

Esta información fue desarrollada para usted por la Dra. Ida H. Acuña-Garza, Directora Ejecutiva de la Coalición de Alfabetismo del Sur de Tejas, cuyo lema es: ¡Alfabetismo por Vida! Visítenos en el internet en: www.southtexaslitcoalition.org. Para más información llámenos al: (956) 414-6078. READ ALL ISSUES at WWW.ISSUU.COM/JUMP-MAGAZINE

estan listos para apoyarlo son ustedes los padres, los maestros, y los administradores de la escuela; y que el jugador principal es el/ella – el estudiante. Vaya a la conferencia de padres y maestros con un actitud positivo y con el conocimiento que le van a pedir a usted que apoye y ayude. Mantenga comunicación con los maestros para monitorear el progreso de su estudiante. Participe en las juntas para padres en la escuel, conozca la consejera de su hijo/hija, y otros educadores que le pueden ayudar a usted ayudar a sus hijos lograr el éxito escolar.

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Sooner of later you will be meeting with your child’s teacher for the annual parent-teacher conference! For some parents it is a welcome event; and for others it canmake them nervous. The nervousness might come from a feeling that perhaps we, as parents, will also be judged according to the quality of our parenting skills. For teachers, it can be a nervous time as well, because teachers may feel that they will be judged according to the quality of their teaching skills. Actually, we are all right. Parentteacher conferences are a necessary and important part of a student’s academic career because it helps both parents and teachers communicate about the student’s progress and realize that we all have to help. One thing that we should agree on is that school success is a

TEAM effort – between the student, his or her parents, the teacher, and the school. Parents, the most important questions that you should ask are: 1. How is my son/ daughter doing in her classes/subjects? And 2.What can I do at home to help my child do better in school? Remain positive, openminded, and willing to accept constructive criticism about your child’s progress. There are different learning styles and teachers try their best to develop their lesson materials to meet the needs of visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learners. You can imagine that in a classroom of 25 or more students it can be a challenge to try to teach the same concept in various ways so that the students can learn and understand the lesson.

We, as parents, need to provide our students with a space at home to do their homework and with the right tools like paper, pens, pencils, map pencils, scissors, markers, posterboard, and a computer! Along with the material things is a parent’s good attitude and positive view on the value of an education. Plant the seed that your children WILL make good grades, complete their school tasks, graduate from high school, and will go to college! Be consistent with your message and repeat, repeat, repeat. Help your child understand that the team of persons who want them to succeed and are there for support are you – the parents, the

This information is provided for you by Dr. Ida H. Acuña-Garza, Executive Director of the South Texas Literacy Coalition, whose motto is: Literacy for Life! Visit our website at: www.southtexasliteracy.org. For more information call us – (956) 414-6078. JUMP • 12

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teachers, and the school administrators; and that the main player is the student. Go to the parent-teacher conference with a positive attitude and with the full knowledge that you will be asked to do your part. Stay in communication with your child’s teacher and monitor progress. Attend school meetings, get to know your child’s counselor, and other educators who can help YOU help your student achieve school success.


BUY A BRICK

CAMPAIGN angels of love

If you would like to be a part of this amazing organization, call 956-972-0685.

Angels of Love is an organization dedicated to providing services to abused and neglected children of the Rio Grande

Valley. THEIR MISSION IS TO BUILD AN EMERGENCY SHELTER. Take Your Place In History with the Angels of Love. Join them in raising money to build the first emergency shelter in the Rio Grande Valley. The Buy a Brick Capital Campaign is a fundraiser in which individuals or businesses purchase bricks with their name or company name on the brick. The goal is to raise $500,000.00. The bricks will used to build and be placed in the first Children’s Emergency Shelter in the Rio Grande Valley. Buy a brick for you business, organization, school, teams, etc…Capture your name or business name on an engraved brick and be connected to the Angels of Love Emergency Shelter forever. Bricks can be purchased for $100.00 for a 4x8 inch brick and $250.00 for a 8x8 inch brick. Company logos can be added for an addi tional fee. For more information and details check out our Facebook page- Angels of Love Foundation and our website at angelsoflovefoundation.com Angels of Love is also recruiting volunteers for this and other fundraisers.

Spaulding for Children announces its Spring If you know any woman currently Adoption Fair undergoing chemotherapy, please pass the

“If There is Room in Your Heart, There is Room in word to her that there is a cleaning service that provides Your Home”

FREE housecleaning - once per month for 4 months while she is in Allfor she has to do is sign up and have McAllen, TX.treatment. – Spaulding Children’s Spring AdopherFair, doctor fax is a note rming theThere treatment. Cleaning tion “If There Roomconfi in Your Heart, is for ainReason will have a participating service in her Room Your Home, ” will take place at the maid McAllen Chamber Commerce, Ashservice. Avenue,This McAllen zip codeofarea arrange1200 for the organization onserves Saturday, May 7, 2011 from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 The Spring the entire USA and currently has 547p.m. partners to Adoption Fair will feature the 2010 Heart Gallery Exhibit,women. portraitsIt's of our 6,351waiting foster andlet an Adoption Informational Workshop on how to help these job to pass thechildren word and adopt Foster Children from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. The Spring Fair is free to the public and everythem know that there are people out there that care. BeAdoption a one is invited. blessing to someone and pass this information along. To learn about the process, visit: http://www.cleaningforareason.org/ourprocess.html For more information about Spaulding for Children and, or how to apply for adoption services or to make a To sign up for the service or to donate, visit: http://www.cleaningforareason.org/ donation, please contact us at 956.631.8881 or http://www.SpauldingforChildren.org. READ ALL ISSUES at WWW.ISSUU.COM/JUMP-MAGAZINE

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"At the California Institute of Technology, they're developing a way to turn sunlight and water into fuel for our cars."--President Barack Obama, Jan. 25, 2011 The Sun is Earth's primary energy source and harnessing its abundant light is the Holy Grail of renewable energy Now, a group of scientists has demonstrated a new way to use sunlight, water (H2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2)--some of the cheapest and most commonplace stuff on Earth--to make unlimited amounts of fuel to power almost anything, anywhere. The method uses concentrated heat from the sun to convert water and carbon dioxide into hydrogen (H2) or carbon monoxide (CO). Large amounts of these two gases could be combined to make liquid fuel that fits into America's existing energy economy. The researchers say one of the most exciting things about the discovery is its versatility. "We are not dictating to the user what the energy infrastructure should be," Haile said. "We are making solar energy easy to use by putting it into a form that our

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industry is used to seeing and making it available on demand." Doing the two-step Scientists have long known how to convert water and carbon dioxide into hydrogen and carbon monoxide. But to do it cheaply and efficiently enough to make the process affordable on a wide scale has been the issue. Part of the problem was the need for expensive and rare elements, such as platinum or iridium, to act as catalysts that encourage the conversion to happen. So Haile and her team took a novel approach; they tried ceria, a material used in the walls of self-cleaning ovens. Ceria is the oxidized or "rust" form of the element cerium, which is more abundant, and therefore cheaper, than other metals that could do the same job. The new method requires two steps, the first at high temperature using concentrated heat from the sun (about 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit), and the second at a much lower temperature. To make fuel, the second step requires the presence of water and carbon dioxide gases. "At

lower temperatures, the cerium, the hydrogen and the carbon all want the oxygen, but the cerium wants it most," Haile said. "So the oxygen vacancies in the ceria are filled by stripping oxygen from H2O and CO2, leaving H2 and CO." An international collaboration Haile and her Caltech team, supported by an award from the National Science Foundation, recently published a paper describing the breakthrough in the journal Science. For this project, they collaborated with researchers led by Aldo Steinfeld, a renewable energy technology professor at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, also called ETH Zürich, in Switzerland. Steinfeld also leads the Solar Technology Laboratory at the Paul Scherrer Institute in Switzerland. Cheaper and more efficient How far reaching could this new technology be and how much oil, gas or coal could it replace? "The abundance of cerium means that this approach could have a significant impact on our national energy budget," Haile said. Because cerium is 100,000 times more abundant than the

precious metal platinum, she said, the cost would be many orders of magnitude smaller. For this experiment, the efficiency of the reactor at converting sunlight to usable energy measured just under one percent, which Haile said is comparable to other methods. However, this was a first cut, aimed at simply proving that the process is practical and could be done economically. Before bringing the technology to market, Haile said, the reactor design needs to be much tighter to get better efficiency. "As a second step, it will be important to develop materials with even better characteristics than ceria," she added. "Ideally, one wants a material with a smaller temperature swing required as this will also increase efficiency," Haile said. "In addition, if both the high and low temperatures can be lowered, the overall system lifetime will be improved. Better materials could result in a better process." -- Holly Bigelow Martin Read more at National Science Foundation

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Great flavors here. 1/2 cup fresh lemon juice 5 garlic cloves, put through a garlic press 2 to 3 fresh jalapeĂąos, stemmed, seeded and minced 1 3-1/2- to 4-pound chicken, cut up (or equivalent weight of your favorite pieces) 1/2 teaspoon salt 1/2 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper Preheat the grill

Combine the lemon juice, garlic and chiles in a blender. Blend until smooth. Rinse the chicken pieces and pat dry. Season with salt and pepper. Place chicken on the grill. Brush liberally with the chile mixture. Cook 25 minutes, then turn chicken pieces, brushing with remaining chile mixture. Cook another 25 minutes until done. Texascooking.com JUMP • 17


Graduation Candy Bouquet

Items needed: Graduation cup Candies (chocolate) 6 small chocolate candies, 2-3 minis Popsicle sticks Floral foam Hot glue Shreaded basket paper Cut the foam to fit the cup. Glue popsickle sticks to candy. Place the larger candies toward the back. Use the shreaded paper to hide the foam.

Small Candy Bouquet Items needed: 4 oz. cup Candies (chocolate) 3 small chocolate candies, 2-3 minis Popsicle sticks Floral foam Hot glue Shreaded basket paper Cut the foam to fit the cup. You may want to add some weight to the bottom of the cup (small rocks) for stability. Glue popsickle sticks to candy. Place the larger candies toward the back. Use the shreaded paper to hide the foam.

Birthday Candy Bouquet Items needed: Birthday cup 18-20 small lollypops 1 pixie stick 3 party horns Popsicle sticks Floral foam Hot glue Shreaded basket paper

Cut the foam to fit the cup. You may want to add some weight to the bottom of the cup (small rocks) for stability. Glue popsickle sticks to candy. Place the larger candies toward the back. Use the shreaded paper to hide the foam. JUMP • 18

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This mama possum was going to do her darnest to keep well fed...and no wonder, she had lots of little ones in her pouch! She kept coming out for our chicken eggs and finally, was relocated with her little ones. JUMP • 19


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What is the last word in stayed two nights in the English language? the local hotel and left on Friday. How is that possible?       What is orange and sounds like a parrot? What goes up when the rain comes down? What kind of dog can jump higher then a A lady was in a shop house? and she shot someone, put them under water, Jane’s father has four dried them, and in 5 daughters. minutes went to have lunch with them. How East, West and North. is that possible? Who is the 4th one?   If a rooster laid an egg on a roof, which way would the wind blow it? A cowboy rode into town on Friday. He

In a one story house everything was blue the walls were blue the chairs were blue everything was blue so what color were the stairs?

What has a head and a tail but no body? If you were driving a bus that dropped 10 people off in Lincoln, 99 in France, 80 in Spain, 20 in India. What would be the driver's name? What seven-letter word has hundreds of letters in it? If you had a ton of feathers, and a ton of stones which would be the heaviest?

Answers: Language, A carrot, Any Kind (a house does not jump), Jane, The wind wouldn't blow the eggs anywhere because roosters don't lay eggs. The cowboy's horse was named Friday. An umbrella. She took a picture. There are no stairs in a one-story house. A coin. Whatever your name is. Mailbox. One ton is one ton. READ ALL ISSUES at WWW.ISSUU.COM/JUMP-MAGAZINE

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COLORING

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Mayday Mayfair memorialday mothersday mom picnics sunshine rain JUMP • 26

umbrellas flowers barbeque grandma graduation hot sunny lemonade

tests friends family celebrations reportcards teachers students

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Orange Bug” by Ramsey Ramirez

8-Weslaco Dragonfly Days. 8 pm. Valley Nature Center. 956.969.2475. First week in May Teacher Appreciation Second week - National Pet Week May 5-Cinco de Mayo May 6-12—National Nurses' Week May 8-Mothers' Day May 11-Twilight Zone Day May 14-Dance Like a Chicken Day

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May 18-National Museum Day May 21-American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton-1881 May 21-Armed Forces Day May 30th-Memorial Day (last Monday in May) Special Days in May Asthma & Allergy Awareness Month Better Hearing and Speech Month National Egg Month National Mental Health Month

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Como Cepillar Los Dientes Apropiadamente Nosotros en Rubicon Dental atendemos pacientes de seis meses a veinte uno años de edad. Es una buena idea limpiar la enciílla del bebe antes de que aparezca el primer diente con una toallita húmeda, tam-

bién nosotros como padres es muy importante empezar a cepillarle los dientes al niño tan pronto como aparezca el primer diente. Es muy importante empezar a usar el hilo

dental tan pronto como nazcan dos dientes uno a lado del otro para prevenir la carie en medio de los dientes, es de suma importancia usarlo en las muelas ya que estas están muy juntos una de la otra a comparación a

los dientes de enfrente. La higiene bocal es de suma importancia en los niños que toman mucho jugo y comen cosas azucaradas.

May 2011 Edition  

Mother's Day, articles, recipes, games

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