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Internet of Things Razan Al Kubaizi, Batoul Al Washigry, Emtnan Al Suhaim, Jumanah Al Sughayer, Al Anoud Al Dwaysh Department of Information Systems, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Abstract—Although it has been with us in some form and under different names for many years, the Internet of Things (IoT) is suddenly the thing. The ability to connect, communicate with, and remotely manage an incalculable number of networked, automated devices via the Internet is becoming pervasive, from the factory floor to the hospital operating room to the residential basement.

We can define IOT also as network of physical devices, vehicles, home appliances and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and connectivity which enables these objects to connect and exchange data. Each thing is uniquely identifiable through its embedded computing system but is able to inter-operate within the existing Internet infrastructure [4].

Keywords—Internet of Thingst; Arduino.

I. INTRODUCTION The term “Internet of Things” (IoT herein) for the first time was mentioned by Kevin Ashton in 1999 representing supply chain management aspects to the public. The idea was too intriguing to develop in such a narrow scope, so through the past decade it spread out covering a wide range of applications such as healthcare, utilities, finances, traffic, etc. Since then the word “things” has changed its meaning, but the main idea of the IoT remains the same – to organize a related communication environment where computing technologies will be able to communicate with one another, that users can adjust for their needs, but at the same time will work autonomously, gathering information from external sources [1]. Few sensors in a room to global structures covering entire countries. Respectively, some ideas, such as intelligent houses, become more and more popular allowing their owners not only to save funds in the future, but also to significantly simplify house management. Independent light intensity, air conditioning, household tool, door management and other control systems are only part of our own little IoT world [2]. The article is organized as follows: Section 2 background information about Internet of Things. Section 3 Identify the most common tools that using in Internet of Things technology. In Section 4, we will identify the importance of Arduino. Finally, we conclude this work in Section 5. II. BACKGROUND INFORMATION A. Internet Of Things Defifmition First, IOT is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-tohuman or human-to-computer interaction.

B. Advantages and Disadvantages of Internet of Things i. Advantages Internet Of Things making day-to-day life more convenient, easier and more productive because it is responsible for possibility to integrate the system into the surrounding environment where it can adjust and perform work based on aggregated data. IoT devices can be compact, ergonomic. IoT is improves quality of life for individuals, society, stake holders of businesses because it saves time and money and IoT has systems deliver faster and accurately with minimum utilization of energy. In addition, it has several uses one of them for patient monitoring and provides all the required information of the patient under treatment. Also, it used for security devices which are monitored and controlled either locally or remotely using easy to use applications available on mobile phones or smartphones. Typical IoT devices are security alarm, Camera, sensors. IoT is used in asset and individual tracking, inventory control, energy conservation, shipping and so on. ii.

Disadvantages Internet of Things is very costly and complex system due it consists of multiple technologies whose architectures are different than one another. So, failure in the IoT network may lead to more time for restoration of the service to consumers. This may require skilled workers requiring knowledge of multiple technologies. Hence IoT service provider should pay high to hire and retain such employees. IoT leads to loss of jobs for unskilled employees who do not cope with latest trends in hardware and software arena. This can happen in jobs related with inventory control and automated machines such as ATM/check-in check-out machines. privacy is a concern due IoT is managed and run by multiple technologies; multiple vendors are involved in it [5].

C. The Technology in Internet of things Before you begin to format your paper, first write and save the content as a separate text file. Keep your text and graphic files separate until after the text has been formatted and styled. Do not use hard tabs, and limit use of hard returns to only one return at the end of a paragraph. Do not add any kind of pagination anywhere in the paper. Do not number text heads-the template will do that for you.


Arduino Hardware

Finally, complete content and organizational editing before formatting. Please take note of the following items when proofreading spelling and grammar: a. i.

Arduinu Arduino Definition

is a single-board microcontroller to make using electronics in multidisciplinary projects more accessible. The hardware consists of a simple open source hardware board designed around an 8-bit Atmel AVR microcontroller, or a 32-bit Atmel ARM. The software consists of a standard programming language compiler and a boot loader that executes on the microcontroller [6]. ii.

Brief History of Arduino

Initiated in 2005

Developed in Italy as a teaching aid

Arduino team: Massimo Banzi, David Cuartielles, Tom Igoe, Gianluca Martino and David Mellis.


The reasons to choose Arduino

The Arduino software is easy-to-use for beginners, yet flexible enough for advanced users. It runs on Mac, Windows, and Linux. Teachers and students use it to build low cost scientific instruments, to prove chemistry and physics principles, or to get started with programming and robotics. Designers and architects build interactive prototypes, musicians and artists use it for installations and to experiment with new musical instruments.

Fig. 1. Uno Hardware

The Uno is one of the more popular boards in the Arduino family and a great choice for beginners. v.

Arduino Software

Fig. 2. Fofure 2. Screen shots of Arduino IDE

The Arduino project provides the Arduino integrated development environment (IDE), which is a cross-platform application written in the programming language Java. It originated from the IDE for the languages Processing and Wiring. It includes a code editor with features such as text cutting and pasting, searching and replacing text, automatic indenting, brace matching, and syntax highlighting, and provides simple one-click mechanisms to compile and upload programs to an Arduino board. It also contains a message area, a text console, a toolbar with buttons for common functions and a hierarchy of operation menus [7]. b. Arduino and Internet of Things There are many advance technical projects based on Arduino for example: • Baby-Pram Monitoring System: This system attached to baby’s pram can monitor various parameters like

temperature, acceleration, light etc. IOT is used to monitor these parameters in the system. • Simple Obstacle Avoiding Robot Arduino: The obstacle avoiding robot can be designed by using Arduino and distance sensors. By using this project, we design a robot which senses the obstacles in its way and it avoids automatically. • Jrobot: is a global control robot car based on Android, Arduino, Java and 4G mobile network, it can do many things such as, ready at pizza shop, after that Jcontrol is ready at an undisclosed location, and the customer in the same time waiting for the order. D. Internet of Things Predictions, Trends, and Market Business Intelligence (BI), Business Insider's premium research service, expects there will be more than 24 billion IoT devices on Earth by 2020. That's approximately four devices for every human being on the planet. And as we approach that point, $6 billion will flow into IoT solutions, including application development, device hardware, system integration, data storage, security, and connectivity. But that will be money well spent, as those investments will generate $13 trillion by 2025. There is who will reap these benefits, there are three major entities that will use IoT ecosystems: consumers, governments, and businesses. a.

IoT Industries

Several environments within the three groups Several environments within the three groups of consumers, governments, and ecosystems will benefit from the IoT. These include: Manufacturing, Transportation, Defense, Agriculture, Retail, Logistics, Banks, Oil gas, Mining, Insurance, Food Services, Utilities, Hospitality, Healthcare, and Smart Buildings. b.

IoT Companies There are literally hundreds of companies linked to the Internet of Things, and the list should only expand in the coming years. Here are some of the major players that have stood out in the IoT to this point such as, Cisco, Google, IBM, Amazon, and Apple.


IoT Platforms

One IoT device connects to another to transmit information using Internet transfer protocols. IoT platforms serve as the bridge between the devices' sensors and the data networks. The following are some of the top IoT platforms on the market today: Amazon Web Services ,Microsoft Azure, ThingWorx IoT Platform, IBM's Watson, Cisco IoT Cloud Connect, Salesforce IoT Cloud, Oracle Integrated Cloud, and GE Predix.

E. Internet of Things Privacy and Security As devices become more connected thanks to the IoT, security and privacy have become the primary concern among consumers and businesses. In fact, the protection of sensitive data ranked as the top concern (at 36% of those polled) among enterprises, according to the 2016 Vormetric Data Threat Report. Cyber-attacks are also a growing threat as more connected device pop up around the globe. Hackers could penetrate connected cars, critical infrastructure, and even people's homes. As a result, several tech companies are focusing on cyber security in order to secure the privacy and safety of all this data [8]. III. CONCLOUSION The internet term of things is a description of the situation in which communication between technical devices via the internet without human intervention. Its main advantage of IoT are easier and more productive and the main problem of IoT a very cost and complex system. IV. REFERENCES [1] R. B. S. M. a. M. P. Gubbi, "Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions," [Online]. Available: 739X13000241?via%3Dihub. [Accessed 2 10 2018]. [2] B. R. L. J. P. a. C. L. S.-P. Tseng, "An application of Internet of things with motion sensing on smart house," [Online]. Available: [Accessed 10 2 2018]. [3] M. Rouse, "The Internet of Things," [Online]. Available: nternet-of-Things-IoT. [Accessed 10 2 2018]. [4] E. BROWN, "Who Needs the Internet of Things?," [Online]. Available: [Accessed 10 2 2018]. [5] "Advantages of IoT | Disadvantages of IoT | Internet of Things," [Online]. Available: [Accessed 10 2 2018]. [6] H.-P. Halvorsen, "Introduction to Arduino," [Online]. Available: pment/arduino/Introduction%20to%20Arduino.pdf. [Accessed 18 3 2018]. [7] "Arduno," Arduino, [Online]. Available: [Accessed 18 3 2018].


A. Meola, 19 December 2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed 18 3 2018].

Internet of things research paper  
Internet of things research paper