Glenn Dambrauskas explains the different types of fly fishing Glenn Dambrauskas explains the different types of fly fishing Fly fishing is a form of fishing in which fishermen use artificial flies. It differs from traditional methods of fishing in that the fly fisherman will cast a hook using material such as yarn, foam or feather on a thread, and call it a ‘fly’, rather than using the standard worm bait. The most well known form of fly fishing which takes place nowadays is dry fly fishing, during which the fisherman will use an artificial fly. This fly is then cast into the water and floats on top. It passes over the surface, above the fish, in the hopes of enticing fish to come close and bite it. The fisherman will then try to tire the fish out and prevent it from escaping, after which it will be brought in from the water using a landing net. This type of fly fishing is popular, as it allows the fisherman to see each part of the process; the fish is visible as soon as it comes into contact with the fly, and this makes it easier to catch it. One of the only problems with dry fly fishing is that it cannot be used to catch underwater feeding fish such as trout. Another type of fly fishing, which is quite popular, is nymph fishing. The eggs which flies lay in lakes and rivers are referred to as ‘nymphs’. Nymph fishing uses imitation fly eggs which are weighted, so that they stay below the surface of the water and attract fish. This type of fly fishing is more difficult than dry fly fishing, as all of the action occurs underneath the water’s surface. Whilst fly fishermen catch all kinds of fish, the most common ones are chars, salmon and other types of game fish. Any species which lives in shallow waters and feeds on the small insects on the surface of lakes and rivers will be a suitable catch for fly fishermen.