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多 HOW TO MANAGE TABOOS?

A digital web magazine where taboos

and travels meet in a complete informative

guide.

Divided

by

continents, the magazine explains to foreigners how to act in the most popular and cultural countries relating to the customs and values. Created/Designed by: J&J EDITORIAL 11-4-2014


PROLOGUE

Tabook is a digital web magazine which will help you to understand cultures and customs of the countries listed in the magazine, you can have access to it from any mobile device around the world, with one click you will have at your fingertips, the different tips you should say and those tips you should not say. Also you can use this magazine when you are making any business because we do not think you want to fail in your negotiations just because you did or said something that you should not at that time. So it is important to learn, read, and apply it when you travel, you can read this magazine in your free time during your trip for example when flying or also in the hotel. Do not let you win by a lack of knowledge and building the future.

1


CONTENTS

AFRICA E g y p t ................................................................................................................................................... 3 M o r o c c o ............................................................................................................................................. 5 S o u t h A f r i c a .................................................................................................................................... 7

ASIA C h i n a ................................................................................................................................................... 9 I n d i a ................................................................................................................................................... 11 M a l a y s i a .......................................................................................................................................... 13

EUROPE I t a l y ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….9 F r a n c e …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….10 U n i t e d K i n g d o m ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….11

AMERICA M e x i c o ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………12 U n i t e d S t a t e s ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………...13 C a n a d a ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………14

OCEANIA A u s t r a l i a ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….15 N e w Z e a l a n d ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...16

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AFRICA EGYPT

Egypt is the Arab Muslim country and the Egyptians tend to be very conservative with their own unique living habits, especially in rural areas, we will have to respect and comply with Muslim customs and traditions when traveling in Egypt. The following Egypt travel tips of dos and donts aim to help you enjoy a hassle-free trip to Egypt.

3


DO NOT

✖ Do not touch during a conversation, which is not usually appropriate unless the people having the conversation are very close to each other. In general, there is little to no touching between opposite sex during conversations or in public places. Do not hug and kiss in public. ✖ Do not wear sleeveless tops and short skirts or shorts on the streets or in markets. Swimsuits and bikinis are acceptable in hotel pools and cruise ships or in the Red Sea towns. ✖ Do not offer alcohol or pork to your local Egyptian guests unless you know for sure that they consume it. Alcohol is forbidden in Islam, although it’s available in shops. Most Muslims do not eat pork and believe pork is unclean. ✖ Do not eat communal food with your left hand, as this is used for personal hygiene. The right hand is used for greeting, eating, and passing objects. ✖ Do not cross your legs in front of the master of the house or any other elder person, which is thought to be very impolite in Egypt. Do not point the foot at any person.

DO

 Do handshake in certain circumstances. Cheek kissing is acceptable if closely related, but the most common greeting would be a slight bow of the head and a greeting of “salaam aleikum”. It is taboo for religiously observant men to touch women and vice-versa.  Do make an attempt to take off your shoes when entering a Muslim house unless you are told not to. The house is where they pray, so some kind of sacred ground.  Do wash your hands before entering the table. Do use your right hand when eating. Do not expect to have knife and fork. Eating with your hands is quite acceptable in Egypt.  Do let the master of the house to have the first bite when dinning with the Egyptian, unless he invites you to have a nib before him.

4


MOROCCO

Situated in the southern part of the Mediterranean, Morocco boosts many extraordinary sights and scenes. The multi-ethnic character of the culture of Morocco derived from a mixture of Arab, African, Islamic, Berber and European cultures, customs and beliefs. Morocco is an Islamic country, their religion is an integral part of their culture. As a tourist, you will encounter the Muslim practice throughout the country. Your trip to Morocco will be much more rewarding and enjoyable if you know what to expect and respect their customs and religious restrictions. The following Morocco travel tips, taboo, dos and donts are important to bear in mind before travelling to Morocco.

5


DO NOT

✖ Do not eat or drink in public during Ramadan which is extremely rude. ✖ Do not offend the Moroccans with your revealing clothes. Muslims dress conservatively. Both men and women usually cover their bodies completely except at the beach. ✖ Do not carry a Bible in Arabic or involve in any such activity that upset the religious sentiments of the people. ✖ Do not drink alcohol in view of a mosque which is considered highly disrespectful. ✖ Do not get involved in any kinds of drugs; even the penalties for possessing small amount of drug are very harsh.

DO

 Do greet with a handshake and friendly inquiries about health, happiness and family pleasantries.  Do wear decent cloths. Although casual gear is widely acceptable, wearing any clothing that reveals arms or legs is disrespectful except in the beach or poolside.  Do be patient and chatty. Moroccan chattiness makes everyday interactions more pleasant. When offered tea, it’s polite to at least take a sip.  Do

avoid

large

gatherings.

Keep

a

low

profile

and

do

not

be

proactive.

 Do prevent from sexual harassment if a woman travelling alone. Pretend to know your environment, walk purposefully and avoid unnecessary eye contact.

6


SOUTH AFRICA

South Africa is a very diverse country with people of African, European, and Indian backgrounds reflected in their culture. There are a variety of customs, and many indigenous peoples in Africa still maintained the original style, so it’s important for travellers to respect and adapt to the local custom, and be aware of the following travel tips in Africa.

7


DO NOT

✖ For female tourists, Do not walk in the street alone, and better wear white and the cloak, as in Algeria, women alone in public are prohibited, except visiting the store for shopping, and wear white and the cloak are chastity, will be unimpeded without danger. ✖ Follow strict hunting taboos when Safari in East Africa, such as DO NOT imitate animal sounds, throw objects, or corner a wild animal. Do not feed animals. Do not talk or twitter to scare away animals; Do not come out of the car for safety concern; NO cigarette or fire at all times in case causing forest fire, etc. ✖ Do not ever use ‘negro’ or ‘black’ which is banned in Africa, as it’s thought reflecting black slaves and their descendants who were trafficked to the United States. ✖ Do not leave food on your plate when you have finished eating. But in western Nigeria, do not eat all up, as it’s for The Holy Spirit. ✖ Do not take photos of government/military buildings or police stations, nor pick dirty, poor cluster areas to film, which hurts local people’s self-esteem and is considered as bad behaviour.

DO

 Do raise right hand, palm toward each other when greeting, as it symbolises “No weapons” in ancient times, and is widely used as symbol of friendship nowadays.  Do give a strong handshake as in Africa, feeble handshake was described as “ll-manners” and no sincerity, and strong handshake is a gesture of goodwill.  Do ask for permission before taking photograph, as Africans generally believe that the camera can absorb and exhaust the ‘essence’ of people, houses and livestock.  Do wear what you normally would wear when in urban parts, but dress nicely. In South African urban cultures, people usually wear typical Western attire.  Do put your napkin on your lap upon being seated, cross your knife and fork on your plate to indicate that you are still eating, and place your knife and fork together to indicate that you have finished eating.

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ASIA CHINA

Every culture has their own rules on what is acceptable and what isn’t. As an inseparable part of folk customs, taboos are closely linked with ordinary Chinese people’s lives in ancient times, but with the constant changes of society, taboos have undergone great evolution in both forms and implications, although some elderly people maintain some forms of traditional life styles at present. Travelling around China is a revolving, ever-changing experience, where you will learn a new set of rules, customs, and social expectations that you have never experienced elsewhere before. The following travel tips of China aim to help you to learn about China Do’s and Don’ts before travelling to China. Your knowledge of what is acceptable and what is not acceptable can make your trip in China much smoother, prevent confusion and embarrassing situations, and also avoid getting in trouble or seriously offending someone.

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DO NOT

Do not touch someone unless you absolutely have to. Chinese people do not enjoy being touched by strangers, which is the direct opposite to Western society. Do not give a gift like the Clocks (giving a watch is okay), straw sandals, a stork or crane, handkerchiefs and anything white, blue or black, which are associated with death or cause for crying, and are perceived to bring people bad fortune. Do not behave in a carefree manner in public. Embracing or kissing when greeting or saying good-bye is highly unusual. Do not forget to take off your shoes when entering any home in China, unless are told not to. Do not write cards or letters with red ink or ball pen, as it symbolizes the end of a relationship.

DO

The order of Chinese names is family name first, then given name. Brides in China do not adopt their husband’s surnames. Always addressing people with their official title, refer them as Mr./Mrs./Ms plus their last name. Don’t call them by their first name unless invited to do so. Handshake is common form of greeting. While meeting elders or senior officials, handshake should be gentle and accompanied by a slight nod. Always show respect to the elders and acknowledge them in a group first. Always present your gifts with both hands. And be aware of colour when wrapping. Red represents lucky, pink and yellow represent happiness and prosperity, while white, grey and black are for funeral. White or yellow flowers (especially chrysanthemums) are used for funerals.

10


INDIA

India is a wonderful place, you will enjoy the scenic beauty, rich culture, engrossing traditions there, but India is a country with enormous internal diversity. Same as other countries in the world, there are travel taboos in India which cause extreme offence and lead to an immediate negative reaction in India. Although most local people are very tolerant to foreigners, it’s wise to be mindful of local customs, learn the following travel tips, and follow Indian Do’s and Don’ts before travelling to Indian in order to avoid getting in trouble or seriously offending someone.

11


DO NOT

Do not hunt, as killing wildlife can get you in serious trouble. Do not hurt a cow, as many Hindus consider the cows are holy, and are offended if they are hit by strangers. Do not discuss religion, especially with Muslims who form 11% of India’s population. Do not make comments of ridicule or disrespect toward the society or any religion. People are very resentful of Western (ignorant) judgments. Do not offer to shake the hand of a person of the opposite sex unless they offer first. Do not walking over books and paper, even newspaper or even touching them with your feet, as Indian people treat books as a metaphor for the Goddess of learning. Do not use the same hand for eating and also for taking food from a common dish on the dining table. Indians believe other people’s saliva is unhygienic. Tasting and taking a sip from others’ glasses is regarded as violation of private space. If you need a spoon, you will need to ask for it or bring one along. Typically, people eat with their (right) hand.

DO

Do dress modestly if you are female. No sleeveless blouses, no short skirts, no shorts, no low, loose collars. And men do not wear shorts. Do greet people with big smile. Handshake with ladies especially in rural areas should be avoided. Do make sure to remove your footwear when visiting a place of worship or mausoleum. As customary, do bring some small gifts as hostess gifts and as presentations to one’s students, it can be as small as a postcard from your home region.

12


MALAYSIA

Malaysia is one of the colourful countries of South Asia, which is renowned for its diverse culture and is fast becoming one of the hottest tourist destinations of South Asia. The country boasts of a heterogeneous society with indigenous people of Malaysia as well as citizens of Indian and Chinese origins. The influence of European, Arab, Persian, and also British Empire, made Malaysia a truly multicultural culture that is rich in variety and truly global. Although Malaysia is generally a laid back and relaxed place, and people of Malaysia are quite friendly, they do reserve their own customs and the visitors should try to observe these practices when they arrive. The following Malaysia travel tips, taboos, dos and donts would surely make your Malaysia tourism an enjoyable lifetime experience.

13


DO NOT

Do not touch the head of an adult. Touching people on the head is considered rude. Do not kiss in public. Public behaviour is important in Malaysian culture. Most Malaysians refrain from displaying affection such as embracing or kissing in public. Do not ever touch or hand a monk something if you are a woman. Even accidentally brushing against their robes requires that they fast and perform a cleansing ritual. Do not be offended if your offer of a handshake is not reciprocated by a Muslim who is of the opposite sex. In Islam, physical contact between the opposite sex is discouraged. Do not discuss ethnic relations or the political system. They are both sensitive subjects.

DO

Do shake hand with men for greeting, but not women unless they offer to do so first. The traditional greeting “salam� resembles a handshake with both hands but without the grasp. People greet visitors by placing their right hand over the left chest to mean I greet you from my heart. Do remove your shoes before entering a Malaysian home or temples and mosques. It is customary to remove and leave footwear outside the house. This practice is also applicable when visiting religious buildings. Do use right hand to receive or give something. The right hand should also be used for eating. It is considered discourteous in Malay custom to use your left hand when you receive things. Do be aware that the cameras, watches, pens, portable radio-cassette players, perfume, cosmetics and lighters are duty-free in Malaysia. If you are bringing in dutiable goods then a deposit is required for temporary importation, which would be refundable on departure. Do follow simple rules when visit a Buddha temple. Show respect and remove your hat and shoes, dress conservatively, no shorts. When sitting, never point your feet at a person or image of Buddha. Stand up to show respect when monks or nuns enter.

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EUROPE ITALY

“When in Rome, do as the Romans.” Italy is a country full of wonders for tourists, the food, the fashion, the art and the three thousand years of rich history make travelling in Italy easy, safe and enjoyable. Italy has deep Roman catholic roots, customs and traditions are rooted in the family, whether nuclear or extended, as well as in institutions and organizations in the community. Italians are also much more formal than most foreigners imagine and newcomers should tread carefully to avoid offending anyone. As a foreigner you’ll probably be excused if you accidentally insult your host, but you may not be invited again. The following Italy travel tips of dos and donts aim to help you making your trip in Italy hassle free.

15


DO NOT

 Do not use first names in Italian business. Personal and professional titles are used constantly in either casual conversation or formal writing.  Do not point with your index finger and pinkie finger at the same time, which is considered extremely vulgar in Italy.  Do not talk about religion, Vatican, Mafia and politics, or questions about private family concerns.  Do not eat with your hands, not even fruits. Do not leave the table during dinner, which is considered rude.  Do not wear shorts which are unacceptable in public. Be sure that your shoulders, knees and midriff are covered when visit churches. If possible, wear a hat or scarf.

DO

 Do shake hands for greeting. Use “Signore” (Mr.) and “Signora” (Mrs.), plus the family name for strangers. Do not use first names unless you are asked to do so.  Do wear stylish clothing. Italians take pride in their appearance. Dark suits are most common for men in business, with expensive ties, cuff links, and watches. Women should dress stylishly with make-up and jewellery.  Do keep both hands above the table when dinning, even when you are finished eating.  Do give your host a nice gift such as gift-wrapped chocolate, a wine or flowers, but not in black or gold, as those colors are reserved for funerals.  Do insist repeatedly that you don’t want more food once you are full. Do place your fork and knife on the right side of the plate to indicate that you are done eating.

16


FRANCE

Travelling overseas requires knowledge and cultural insight of your travelling destinations. France is well known for its rich cultural heritage, the rules are different, and the culture of your own country will not translate well into French. For example, French has two different words for ‘you’: tu and vous. In English, the word ‘you’ can be used to address any person or number of people, whatever the age, social status etc of that person, but in French, these distinctions are very important. You must understand when and why to use each of them. Otherwise, you may inadvertently insult someone by using the wrong ‘you’. The following travel tips of France Dos and Donts help you to make your trip in France hassle free and avoid some of the more common faux pas (stumble), but keeping your eyes open and observing local manners and traditions is the only way to avoid gaffes.

17


DO NOT

 Do not start a talk with a Frenchman in English. The French take pride in their language, and the best way to show your respect for that is to do your best to speak French, even if it’s just a badly pronounced word.  Do not shake hands if you should exchange ‘la bise’, the kiss on the cheek. After the first kiss on the cheek, the maneuver is repeated at least once on the opposite cheeks.  Do not address anyone using ‘tu’ if you should have used ‘vous’. ‘Tu’ is the familiar ‘you’ , which demonstrates a certain closeness and informality, whilst ‘Vous’ is the formal ‘you’ . It is used to show respect or maintain a certain distance or formality with someone.  Do not try to impress others with your wealth, which would be seen as bad taste, and it’s not an accepted measure for social status. Typical discussion subjects are culture, food, vacation, politics, family, office gossip etc. Not money!

DO

 Do place your napkin in your lap immediately after being seated and do keep your hands on the table. It is polite to make eye contact as you say, “Santé”, which means health in English.  Do tear your bread into a bite-sized piece before eating it. It is very impolite to take a bite from the whole piece of bread. After each course, you should wipe your plate with a piece of bread.  Do learn some key French phrases before travelling to break the ice ‘Bonjour’ means ‘Hello’, followed by Monsieur (male), Madame (female), Mademoiselle (young female); ‘Merci’ means ‘Thank you’, s’il vous plait’ means ‘Please’; ‘Je ne parle pas francais. En anglais, s’il vous plait’ means ‘I do not speak French, in English please’.

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UNITED KINGDOM

The name of the United Kingdom refers to the union of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. “England” sometimes is wrongly used to refer the whole United Kingdom, or Britain, or British Isles which is not only incorrect but can cause offence to people from other parts of the UK. The diverse history of England, Scotland and Wales has led to very different cultural traditions; The Scots and Welsh have right to feel aggrieved whenever the term “English” is used wrongly to mean all three. In general, the British are very reserved in manners, dress and speech. They are famous for politeness and self-discipline. Manners are treated highly important in Britain, ‘Please’, ‘Thank You’, and ‘Excuse Me’ are widely expected. The following travel tips of UK travel dos and donts listed what are acceptable social behaviors, and what you should do or not do when travelling to the UK. Get yourself prepared and ready for the idiosyncrasies of British life.

19


DO NOT

 Do not ask personal or intimate questions such as ‘How much do you earn?’ ‘How much do you weigh?’ or ‘Why aren’t you married?’. Respect others privacy.  Do not talk loudly in public. When in Scotland make an effort to speak in a low, moderate tone of voice. Talking too loudly in public is sometimes considered offensive and embarrassing.  Do not greet people with a kiss. Kiss is normally used between close friends and relatives.  Do not use first names, unless you are asked to. Use last names with appropriate courtesy titles such as ”Mr”, ”Mrs”, ”Ms” or academic or professional title. The title Sir is reserved for only those who have been knighted. You have to address the person as Sir and his first name.  Do not stare. Privacy is highly regarded in the UK. It is impolite to stare at anyone in public.

DO

 Do maintain reserve and grunt hello when greeting someone for the first time. British people are quite reserved. Handshake is the most common form of greeting and is customary when you are introduced to somebody new. Kiss is normally used between friends and relatives. In Britain one kiss is generally enough.  Do eat with fork in the left hand and the knife in the right. The British pay much attention to good table manners. Even young children are expected to eat properly with knife and fork.  Do wait until your host starts eating or indicates you should do so if you are a guest. It is impolite to start eating before everyone has been served unless your host says that you do not need to wait.

20


AMERICA MEXICO

Mexico is a fascinating country, rich in traditions, history, art and religion, proud of beautiful beaches and historical cities from the time of the Spanish colony and archeological sites of cultures such as the Maya, Olmeca and Azteca among others. Mexico is a diverse country bursting with life. Traveling to Mexico can be a fantastic experience, but it is important for visitors to be aware that the rules and customs are rather different than at home. The more a visitor understands this, the more enjoyable the visit to Mexico will be. Go with the flow, but be conservative in your behavior and bear in mind the following Mexico travel tips, dos and donts to insure that your trip to Mexico is a more enjoyable one!

21


DO NOT

 Do not use words “No”, or “I don’t know”, as saying “no” is a no-no in Mexico, they feel betrayed, unsupportive and rude. So use the hedge words, or find excuses and say “thank you” over and over again.  Do not be on time for home visit. Showing up early or on time is considered rude. Arriving about 30 minutes late is appropriate. However, in business, it’s smart to be on time even if you are kept waiting by your Mexican business associates.  Conversations occur at a much closer physical distance than many cultures may be accustomed to. Moving away to establish distance could be considered unfriendly. In response, a Mexican will often step forward and close the distance up again.  The appearance and presentation of letters and promotional materials are considered very important and will be subject to scrutiny. Place documents on the table with care. Never casually toss or throw them.

DO

 An ‘abrazo’ or hug with pats on the back is common on the 2nd or 3rd meeting. It is seen as a sign of good will in Mexican business culture.  Mexicans may use a “psst-psst” sound to get another’s attention in public. This is not considered rude in Mexican business etiquette.  In business, it’s appropriate for women to initiate handshakes with men. With each other, they may simply pat each other on the right forearm or shoulder. If they are particularly close, women may hug or kiss each other on the cheek.  Do open a gift upon receipt. Do bring flowers or sweets for your host, but do not give red flowers or marigolds. White flowers make a nice gift.

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UNITED STATES

The Americans are generally cheerful, happy and informality, but also pride and ambitious. Although the United States is considered as an extremely open and free country with more than 80% of Americans are immigrants of European descendants and the 50% of the population is nominally Christian and Catholic, the United States is a multi-ethnic country with some rules and taboos which need to pay attention and comply. There are many taboo topics in America that are not normally discussed. For example, a bride who is noticeably pregnant on her wedding day was historically considered a taboo topic that was quietly whispered about but not officially acknowledged. The following America travel tips of dos and donts will help you to avoid embarrassment and troubles when traveling to America and maximize the enjoyment of your trip.

23


DO NOT

 Do not call black people “ Negro “,hey will feel contempt for his indemnity, as Negro mainly refers to Africa black slaves sold to the United States.  Do not ask personal income. Do not ask women marital status, age, and price of cloth.  Do not stick out the tongue to others, which is considered as rude, vulgar, obscene behavior.  Do not give white lilies as gifts. Do not give presents with the company logo, as it’s obliged for advertising.  Do avoid number ‘13’, ‘3’, ‘Friday’ and use the bat for the design of goods, and packaging materials, as they are associated with the bad luck.

DO

 Do wait in front of the restaurant door for the waiter to lead you to the table.  Do make an appointment before visit someone, and do prepare a small gift when visit a friend.  Do always say hello or hi in first meeting.

24


CANADA

Canada is a land of diversity, renowned for its stunningly natural beautiful scenery from its large cosmopolitan cities to its frozen northern tundra; its snowy mountain peaks to its rugged coastlines; and its rich farmlands to its pioneering outposts. The vast, untouched landscape, unique blend of cultures and multifaceted history make Canada one of the most exciting travel destinations in the world. Canada boasts a wide, diverse culture, and has a French and British colonial heritage, which is reflected in its cuisine, culture and customs, mixed in with the legacy of the country’s own enigmatic aboriginal First Nations history. The Canadians take pride in their history and pleasure in the beauty of their land. As John Buchan, writer and Governor-General of Canada, said, ‘You have to know a man awfully well in Canada to know his surname.’ So it’s important to be aware the local laws and penalties, make sure you learn the following Canada travel tips on dos and donts before you travel.

25


DO NOT

 Making comparisons that emphasizes any inferiority or similarity to the U.S.  Quebec separatism or other possible conflicts between French and English Canada.  Comparisons between the Canadian and US Health Care Systems or medical insurance.  Any inferiority of the Canadian dollar in comparison to the US dollar.  Do not say American to the Canadians because they say that everyone in America is an American person not just the people from United States.

DO

 Positive comments about Canada and Canadians, both French speaking and English speaking.  Sports are an excellent topic. Popular sports include hockey, football, baseball, basketball, golf, and tennis.  International Business. Canada has very diverse cultures and trade.  The beautiful geography. Canada is an extraordinarily beautiful country with mountains, rivers, lakes and fabulous formal gardens. There is an old European style to the architecture, English on the west coast and French on the east coast.  Cultural of all types. The coasts of Canada have remained true to the European appreciation of the Arts.

26


OCEANIA AUSTRALIA

Over one-fifth of Australians born to immigrant parents, making Australia a culture of melting pot. Australia is a pretty laid back country overall and people in Australia are very open-minded, fun loving and are generally accepting of different cultures visiting their country. However, as you travel to Australia, you must stick to the laws of the land and respect the local customs. Aware of what you can and cannot do while in Australia will make your trip a memorable one, and not a disaster! The following Australia travel tips of the dos and donts will help you to enjoy the exotic animals, barbecues, and the sights on your trip to Australia and make it one of the best experiences of your life.

27


DO NOT

 Criticizing or joking about Australia, its culture and traditions or other Australians, even if your Australian companions are doing so.  Ethnic relations as it relates to the history of the Aborigines.  Talking too much about your education, professional experience, business success, and related achievements may be considered a boosting.  Australians are often distrustful of authority and of people who think that they are somehow “better” than others. Remain modest in conversation.  If you are invited out for a drink, don’t bring up the subject of business unless your host does so.

DO

 Unlike some countries, Australians are open to discuss religion, politics and even the Australian government.  Australian traditions and sports are always great topics.  Discuss something about the area of Australia you’re visiting. Australians are very proud of their country. Know the landmarks.  Your international travels to other countries is always of interest.  The beauty of the cities, local sites, gardens, coastlines (the Gold Coast is famous) and the Outback if you get a chance to visit.

28


NEW ZEALAND

New Zealand is one of the cleanest and greenest countries with unique land of breathtaking scenery from craggy coastlines to golden beaches, lush rainforests to snow-capped mountains and bubbling volcanic pools, with equally thriving indigenous Maori culture. New Zealanders are generally very relaxed and hospitable. Respect those in New Zealand; learn the country’s culture and travel dos and donts will help you to blend in on your trip to New Zealand and make a wealth of thrilling experiences.

29


DO NOT

 Do not overstay your welcome.  Do not touch the head and hair of others, especially of a chief, which are particularly taboo or sacred; to touch a man’s head is a gross insult.  Do not be late for an appointment, nor to make promises which you can’t keep or make exaggerated claims.  Do not eat food until it has been blessed in Maori.

DO

 Do understand that the word” kiwi”; is not an offensive name when referring to New Zealanders. They will call themselves kiwis, too!  Do visit a marae, which is a sacred place that serves both social and religious purposes in Maori society. Do follow the lead for the protocol of welcoming and greeting in Maori.  Do dress conservatively and formally for business occasions. Dark suits with a conservative tie and white shirt for men. Suits, dresses, or skirts and blouses for women. Wear casual attire for informal occasions.  Do shake hands for greeting and keep eye contact during greetings. The first name is used after introductions.

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