There are 3 steps to follow when assessing an emergency situation. By following these steps you will minimize any confusion that can occur at the scene. These are CHECK, CALL, CARE.
1a. CHECK the scene When assessing the situation you will first want to make sure there is not an immediate danger to you. Survey the scene; look and listen and ask yourself these questions:
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Is it safe? Are there any gaseous odours, something that could fall on you, etc. What could have happened? How many people are involved? Is there anyone that can help you?
Once you have made sure the area is safe for you then you will proceed to the victim and check for life-threatening conditions and ask yourself these questions:
1b. CHECK the victim Is the Victim: ●
Having trouble breathing or not breathing at all?
Showing signs of life: breathing or chest movement?
2. CALL Calling is the most important action you can do to help someone who is ill or injured. This will dispatch the emergency medical response team ensuring they arrive at the scene as quickly as possible.
3. CARE At this point, you have to decide if FIRST AID is required. By following standard precautions to protect yourself, you can minimize the risk of disease transmission. For purposes of giving care, an ADULT is a person 12 years of age or older, a CHILD is about 1 to 12 years old, and an INFANT is under the age of 1 year.
MOVING AN INJURED PERSON The rule to remember when giving care is â€œDo No Further Harmâ€?. It is very dangerous to move an injured person because further injury can occur and complicate the recovery. ONLY move a person under the following THREE circumstances: 1.When there is imminent and immediate danger in an area that is unsafe. 2.When you get to another person with more serious injuries and they are blocking access. 3.When you need to get them into a position to provide proper care such as laying down to do CPR.
Two-Person Seat Carry