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CONSTRUCTION SYSTEMS I Prof.: JULIÁN GARCÍA DEGREE: BA in Architecture ACADEMIC YEAR: 2nd LANGUAGE: English PREREQUISITES: Basic knowledge of physics, mathematics and geometry

1- SUBJECT DESCRIPTION Construction Systems I is an introduction to construction. We specifically want students to acquire the following skills: a) Ability to Know and use the appropriate language for construction and architecture; to understand the principles and fundamentals that affect the building; to analyze the different elements present in the building; and B) knowledge of Construction materials, their basic properties and behaviour.


2- OBJECTIVES AND SKILLS (express objectives as learning process outcomes) Skills and learning outcomes that the student acquires are: With regard to skill 1: "To know and be able to design: interior systems division, carpentry, stairs and other finished artwork (T). It is intended that the student achieves a level suitable to demonstrate his knowledge and ability to design systems of internal division, carpentry, stairs and other finished artwork. With regard to skill 2: "To know and be able to design: closing systems, deck and other structural works (T). It is intended that the student achieves a level suitable to demonstrate his knowledge and ability to design systems to enclose, cover and other structural works. With regard to skill 3: “To apply the technical and constructive regulations". It is intended that the student achieves a level suitable to use effectively the technical and constructive regulations in their practical application. With regard to skill 4: "Keep the finished artwork�. It is intended that the student achieves a level suitable to document his knowledge on conservation methods and techniques of the finished artwork. With regard to skill 5: "Keep the structural work." It is intended that students will adequately justify knowledge of conservation methods and techniques of structural works. With regard to skill 6: "Knowing: The conventional building systems and their pathology�. It is intended that the student achieves a level suitable to give detailed evidence of their knowledge of conventional building systems and their pathology. With regard to skill 7: "Knowing: The physical and chemical production processes, pathology and the use of construction materials." It is intended that the student achieves a level suitable to demonstrate his knowledge of the physical and chemical characteristics, production processes, pathology and use of building materials. With regard to skill 8: "Knowing: The industrialized building systems". It is intended that the student achieves a level suitable to demonstrate his knowledge of industrialized building systems to the creation of architecture.


3- CONTENTS (Include aims of each topic/module, resources and timechart) 01. Principles 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Introduction. Building today. Creating spaces. Material, skin and energy. Fundamentals of construction. External and internal actors. Actions, loads and stresses. Structural types.

02. Materials and elements 6. Horizontal elements 7. Steel. Building with bars 8. Foundations. The building and the ground 9. Concrete 10. The wall 11. Stone 12. Ceramics 13. Facades 14. Wood 15. Openings. The hole and the building 16. New materials. Aluminum 17. New materials. Synthetic 18. New materials. Hybrids 19. Glass facades 20. Covers 21. Compartmentalization of interior space 22. Finishing 23. Facilities


SCHEDULE (25 sessions): Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session Session

1. Introduction. Building today. 2. Creating spaces. Material, skin and energy. 3. Fundamentals of construction. External and internal actors. 4. Actions, loads and stresses. 5. Structural types. 6. Horizontal elements 7. Steel. Building with bars 8. Foundations. The building and the ground 9. Concrete 10. The wall 11. Stone 12. Ceramics 13. Visit/lecture 14. Facades 15. Wood 16. Openings. The hole and the building 17. New materials. Aluminum 18. New materials. Synthetics 19. New materials. Hybrids 20. Glass facades 21. Covers 22. Compartmentalization of interior space 23. Finishing 24. Facilities 25. Visit/lecture


Session 1. Introduction. Building today. Type: Lecture Objective: Introduction. Contents: An overview of the subject content and the basic concepts around which the rest of the course will turn. Preparation: -Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 1 hour of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 2. Creating spaces. Material, skin and energy. Type: Lecture Objective: Introduction to the basic principles of architectural construction. Contents: Principles. Adequacy of space. The building as a refuge and as a system. Cultural attitude against the need for energy. Current strategies. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 1 hour of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 3. Fundamentals of construction. External and internal actors. Type: Lecture Objective: Introduction to the basic principles of architectural construction. Contents: Principles and fundamentals. External and internal actors. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 1 hour of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 4. Actions, loads and stresses. Type: Lecture Objective: Introduction to the basic principles of architectural construction. Contents: Principles. Actions, loads and stresses. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 1 hour of work Resources: References and free resources.


Session 5. Structural types. Type: Lecture Objective: Introduction to the basic principles of architectural construction. Contents: Principles. Structural Types. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 1 hour of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 6. Horizontal elements Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the factors involved in architectural construction. Contents: Elements. Horizontal elements. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 2.25 hours of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 7. Steel. Building with bars Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the materials involved in architectural construction. Contents: Materials. Steel. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 1 hour of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 8. Foundations. The building and the ground Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the factors involved in architectural construction. Contents: Elements. Foundations. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 2.25 hours of work Resources: References and free resources.


Session 9. Concrete Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the materials involved in architectural construction. Contents: Materials. Concrete. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 1 hour of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 10. The wall Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the factors involved in architectural construction. Contents: Elements. Vertical elements. The wall. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 2.25 hours of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 11. Stone Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the materials involved in architectural construction. Contents: Materials. Stone. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 1 hour of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 12. Ceramics Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the materials involved in architectural construction. Contents: Materials. Ceramics. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 1 hour of work Resources: References and free resources.


Session 13. Visit/lecture Type: Lecture Objective: To expand the knowledge of the student with a practical approach to specific examples. Contents: Visit/lecture. Preparation: -Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting Resources: References and free resources. Session 14. Facades Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the factors involved in architectural construction. Contents: Elements. Vertical elements. Facades. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 2.25 hours of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 15. Wood Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the materials involved in architectural construction. Contents: Materials. Wood. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 1 hour of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 16. Openings. The hole and the building Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the factors involved in architectural construction. Contents: Elements. Vertical elements. Openings. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 2.25 hours of work Resources: References and free resources.


Session 17. New materials. Aluminium Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the materials involved in architectural construction. Contents: Materials. Aluminium. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 1 hour of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 18. New materials. Synthetics Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the materials involved in architectural construction. Contents: Materials. Synthetics. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 1 hour of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 19. New materials. Hybrids Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the materials involved in architectural construction. Contents: Materials. Hybrids. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 1 hour of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 20. Glass facades Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the factors involved in architectural construction. Contents: Elements. Vertical elements. Glass facades. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 2.25 hours of work Resources: References and free resources.


Session 21. Covers Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the factors involved in architectural construction. Contents: Elements. Covers. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 2.25 hours of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 22. Compartmentalization of interior space Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the factors involved in architectural construction. Contents: Elements. Compartmentalization of interior space. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 2.25 hours of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 23. Finishing Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the factors involved in architectural construction. Contents: Elements. Finishing. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 2.25 hours of work Resources: References and free resources. Session 24. Facilities Type: Lecture Objective: Acquisition of basic knowledge about the factors involved in architectural construction. Contents: Elements. Facilities. Preparation: Network documentation and recommended bibliography. Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting, 2.25 hours of work Resources: References and free resources.


Session 25. Visit/lecture Type: Lecture Objective: To expand the knowledge of the student with a practical approach to specific examples. Contents: Visit/lecture. Preparation: -Credits: 1.5 hours of meeting Resources: References and free resources.


4- METHODOLOGY AND ECTS WEIGHTING The subject consists of 3 ECTS credits to be shared between school hours, which are the responsibility of the teacher, and free work hours, which are the responsibility of the student, as outlined below: School hours: workshops, lectures, seminars and field work. Free work hours: preparation, research, individual and group tutorials, field work. Both school and free work hours are aimed at acquiring the skills that are listed in paragraph 2 of this project. Lectures: Development of the subject, focused on the principles of construction. Workshops: Analysis of the elements and resources in architecture. Seminars / Various: Visits or lectures in accordance with the progress of the course, presentation of a specific work or lecture of a professional guest.

3 ECTS Subject (3 x 25 h/cre. = 75 h. student work )

Sessions

Class hours (student)

14

Practical lessons

Factor

Free work hours (student)

Total hours student

ECTS

21

0,6

12,6

33,6

1,3

9

13,5

1,5

20,25

33,8

1,4

Seminaries

1

1,5

0

0

1,5

0,1

Other activities

1

1,5

0

0

1,5

0,1

Group tutorships

0

0

0

0

0

0,0

2

0

0

2

0,1

2,5

0

0

2,5

0,1

32,85

74,9

3,0

75,0

3,0

Activities Lessons

Individual tutorship Exams Total

25 25

42


5- EVALUATION SYSTEM 5.1. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS During the semester, the teacher will propose several exercises to be developed by several students individually or in a group. The assessment of each practice will be based not only in the practice itself but also in the work done by students in the preparation of the proposed item. The work will be presented, discussed and debated later in different forums. There will be a final exam on the theoretical contents that are reflected in this educational project. Exempting tests will be considered. The minimum attendance to classes will be 90%. 5.2. EVALUATION AND WEIGHTING CRITERIA The evaluation will be continuous. Assistance will be valued both with exercises and exams. Attendance and positive participation in proposed activities: 10% of the overall evaluation of the material. Exams: 30% of the overall evaluation. Exams will include a majority of short questions or definition of terms, dealing with contents presented in class and / or recommended in the literature. A final exam will be included, as confirmation of the valuation obtained by partial exams. Exercises and practices: 60%. Exercises, either in group or individual, will be distributed during the semester. They might be developed in class or at home.


6- BIBLIOGRAPHY 6.1. GENERAL Deplazes, A (Ed.) Constructing Architecture. Materials, processes, structures. Birkhauser. 2nd ed. Basel 2009. ISBN /ISSN:978-3-7643-8631-3 6.2. PARTICULAR Addis, B. Building: 3000 Years of Design Engineering and Construction. Phaidon. 1st ed. London 2007. ISBN / ISSN: 978-0-7148-4146-5 Allen, E. How buildings work. The Natural Order of Architecture. Oxford University Press. 1st ed. Oxford 2005. ISBN / ISSN: 978-01-951-6198-4 Allen, E. and Iano, J. Fundamentals of building construction. Materials and methods. John Wiley & sons. 1st ed. Oxford 2005. ISBN / ISSN: 97804-712-1903-3 Araujo, R. La arquitectura como técnica (I); Superficies. ATC Ediciones. 1st ed. Madrid 2009. ISBN / ISSN: 978-84-920-5170-0 Casals, A., González, J.L., and Falcones, A. Claves del construir arquitectónico 1-3 Gustavo Gili, 1st ed. Barcelona 2008. ISBN / ISSN: 978-84-252-1719-8 Domone, P. and Illston, J. (eds.) Construction Materials. Their nature and behaviour. Spoon Press, 3rd ed., London 2001. ISBN / ISSN: 978-0419-25860-5 Lewis, J.O (ed.) - ACE (Brussels), ERG (Dublin), SAFA (Helsinki) & SOFTECH (Turin) A green Vitruvius. Principles and practice of sustainable architectural design. 1st ed. London 1999. ISBN / ISSN: 9781-873936-94-8 Oliver, P. Dwellings. The vernacular house worldwide. 1st ed. London 2003. ISBN / ISSN: 978-0-7148-4793-1 Paricio, I. La construcción de la arquitectura 1-3. ITCC. 1st ed. Barcelona 1985. ISBN / ISSN: 978-84-859-5421-6 Schmitt, H. Hochbaukonstruktion. Die Bauteile und das Baugefüge. Vieweg + Teubner Verlag. 15th ed. 2001. ISBN / ISSN: 978-3-5280-8854-5


7- PROFESSOR BIO Julian Garcia, a Building Engineer with a Degree in Arts History, is currently preparing his Phd at the Structures Department of the UPM School of Architecture. Professor at IE University since 2000, he combines teaching and research with practice as a Building Engineer, having developed his professional career in construction companies and engineering studies. He is a member of the Construction History Society, and collaborates with the international work of Rural Development Trust - Fundaci贸n Vincente Ferrer in India. His multidisciplinary research interests include the history of construction, sustainable design and earth architecture. E_mail:

julian.garcia@ie.edu

Websites:

www.issuu.com/julianweill www.conctructionsystems.blogspot.com www.proyectoindia.blogspot.com www.construccion02.blogspot.com www.historiayconstruccion.blogspot.com www.madrid-grandesobras.blogspot.com



Construction Systems