Architectural Portfolio 2008-2012
Preface Education 2011-2012 2007-2008 2004-2007
MA Critical Practice Goldsmiths College, University of London Diploma in Interior Design KLC School of Design at Chelsea BSc Psychology Goldsmiths College, University of London
Wan Yu, Li (Julianne) Julianneli.firstname.lastname@example.org
Architecture is not just a lesson of design of everything. It is a lesson of life.
Index School Project 1. Master Planning – Shi Lin Night Market
Hotel Interior Design – The Bridge Wharf Concept Development The Site and Design 3D Visualisation
The Site & Job Duty Design of Façade Detail Design
Concept Development Introduction of the Site Research Planning and Design Form Model at Exhibition Discussion
Work Project 1. Residential Design - Zhen-Xing Mansion
Residential Design - Chateau of Honour
Concept Development The Site & Design
Office Design - Rectron Office
The Site & Job Duty Design
Interior Design – Vivaldi Apartment
Interior Design – Taipei Sydney
Master Planning â€“ Shi Lin Night Market
Concept Development Combining the experience of working in architectural design with the self study in many failed architectural design in the world, I start thinking about what the relationship between people and architecture can be when designers contribute their best ideas to make people’s life easier. However, when analysing many of the failed architectural examples, we can find that there is a gap and misunderstanding between the inhabitant and designers about what expectations are. Such as the renovation of the Deptford High Street in 20th century : when designers tried to introduce the “Contemporary Design Concept” into master planning, especially the concept of minimalism. However, the whole planning was failed because the circumstances of commercial activities, living environment and the migrant in Deptford Area has been changed to a worse situation. The original inhabitant moved out because they could not accept the change of the streets, housing plan and design…etc. Therefore, the new migrants with low income, prostitute, drug dealers….etc. occupied the place. Since then, the Deptford High Street area has become one of the dangerous domestic area in London (BBC documentary). According to the study of those failed examples in architectural design, we can understand that designers always try to offer the best solutions to solve problems we found and try to remind common people to think critically about the meaning of life. However, we sometimes cross over the line and forget to take a step back to think carefully what are the social contexts, culture and life experience of the inhabitant for certain design project. As consequences, we all understand how important to study carefully about human life activities in order to improve our life. Therefore, I develop my design through this concept and try to remind designers to think carefully about the relationship between people and the built environment. Therefore, I experimented to try to carry out a master planning project in one of the old town in Taipei, in order to analyse what could be the reasons that result in the failure of design. The reason why I chose this old town is because its historical and developmental meaning that is worthy to be studied. It has been also renovated several times in different era when Taiwan was managed by different governments (Ancient Chinese, Japanese, and Early R.O.C. Government) from late 19th century until recent years. Its geometrical importance also influences the commercial activities heavily over generations. Further details about the site will be explained in the next section.
Introduction of Site
In the early development, commercial activities were only erected in the old town of Shi Lin. During the time when Taiwan was colonised by Japanese, the route of KeeLong River was changed to set up the new development of railways. Since then, the town has been converted to be the centre of merchandising, leisure and entertainments, and for residence as well. In the later 1920s, Japanese government assigned to build the Shi Lin Market in front of Zi Chen temple and Shi Lin paper manufacture. As time passing by, the town development was expanded out to its suburb area. Moreover, after the government of R.O.C invaded into Taiwan, the national developing policies were turned for investing manufacture industry and Technology. From that time, there are lands registered for different types of industry use. During the process of city transformation with influences of globalisation, manufacturers moved away gradually to other cities, and the services of the town were converted to a more complex commercial and entertainment zone from 1950s to the present day (Taipei City Government ,2011).
The whole Taipei City is 271.08 square Km. The area of Shi Lin is 64.28 square Km, it covers 23.6% the land of Taipei City. In addition to it, the area for master planning of this project is the old town of Shi Lin. It was the earliest developed town in Taipei City due to its geometric and traffic-wise conveniences since 18th century. It has also became to the commercial and residential centre in the early development of Taipei City. In 1859, the old town was set on fire due to the battles of two parties who lived there for contesting of the land. Except the heritage temple - Zi Chen Temple - was preserved, all other parts were totally destroyed. It includes the area of the whole Shi Lin Night Market (Taipei City Government ,2011).
In recent years, there are other plans to be introduced into this old town, such as the Taipei Performing Art Centre will be expected to be completed in 2013. Another renovating proposal of west side of old town where covered over Chien Gang, Cheng De and Fu Hua area is under the evaluation process , too (Taipei City Government ,2001). Moreover, alongside the historical development of the area, Shi Lin night market has been promoted as a well known tourists spot to the world for whoever travelling in Taipei. Therefore, it is quite an important area to be considered for improvement. By understand the historical movement of the area for master planning, the following section will discuss other factorial elements that are equally important to contribute to my design concept. These are natural environmental factors, and traffic circulation around the site.
The geological composition of the land in this area is combined with sandstone, shale, and gravel sandstone. Furthermore, the soil under the ground are mainly composed by dark red and black clay. The main market area is embraced by Chien Tan Mountain on the south east side, and Shi Lin Garden next to it. Despite the mountain area, the average gradient of the land slop is less than 10% in most of the human activating zones. Although it looked from the bird's eye view on the map below that the site seems to be surrounded by a large green zone. Those open green areas are still far from the main MRT stations, which takes people 10-15 minutes' walk.
According to the data collected from National Weather Broadcasting Centre in Taiwan, the average temperature in Taipei city is 23℃. There is an estimated data for years between 1981-2010. Annually, there were 7.4 days that the temperature was lower than 10 ℃, and 143 days were higher than 30 ℃over the past 29 years. The mean number of relative humidity is 76.6%, average exposure under sunshine is 1405.2 hours, and the amount of raining is 2405.1 mm in a year. There is usually heavy rains in the afternoons and typhoons during summer time from May to August to cool down the land. However, due to the unusual climate change, the average temperature in Taipei city in recent years has been rose above the mean numbers mentioned above. It reaches its peak (exceeded over 37 ℃) every month during summer time in the last few years. As many Taipeier's experience that it is really unpleasant to walk around the city during the day time and hottest or raining hours. Therefore, people will be more willing to move around the city where places can be reached within 5 minutes walk distance during such unpleasant time of the day. As consequences, the elements considered with weather issues are also taken account and affected my design of transportation circulation. The following section will offer an over view of the transportation layout around the site.
The main circulation around the old town are the routes travelling from Zhong Shan North Road, Zhong Cheng Road, Chung Ching North Road, Chen De Road, and Ji He Road. The main commercial activity area is also ruled by two MRT stations: Jian Tan and Shi Lin in 5 minutes walk. Buses are also running on the main roads, and Wen Lin RD, too. Main bus stops are located on conjunctions of the tail of Ji He RD that meets Jian Tan Road.
90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
Highest Temp Lowest Temp Rain (cm)
2012/7 2012/6 2012/5 2011/5 2011/6 2011/7 2011/8 2010/8 2010/7 2010/6 2010/5
Due to the weather in Taipei, it is distracting people to walk to places that are more than 5 minutes distant away from main traffic connection points (Bus stops and MRT stations). Therefore, how to create more green and comfortable open area becomes one of the issue for my design.
Wind Speed (Per 10 Mins) Average Humidity (%) Raining days
Over 70% of visitors think that it is very convenient to take MRT to visit the night market, and they are willing to do so to be environmental friendly. Over 40% of visitors, especially people who live in Taipei, will tend to drive their own car or take cab to go to the night market.
Over 80% visitors and inhabitants complained about the living environment around the main market area is unsatisfying due to the issues of dirt and rubbish, and problems with traffic.
The walking experience is not comfortable in general due to lack of pedestrian space and lack of green area. Another problem is that the trucks will always block the pedestrian walking zone during business hours. Over 70% of the apartments in the night market area is combined shops at the ground floor level and residential flats from 1st floor level and above.
More than 60% people say they intend to ride scooters to visit the night market because its convenience in mobility and low cost in fuel waste and parking fees. (Note: Scooter parking is free of charge in many places in Taiwan.)
More than 70% of aging people complained that they do not have enough place for social activities , because of the unfriendly accessibility around the main night market area.
More than 50 % of the people will feel anxious if the living environment is renovated with unfamiliar traffic planning. They worried that it will increase the difficulties for them to adopt to the new life style.
It is also convenient for visitors from other cities of Taiwan to take buses to go to Shi Lin Night Market. However, other people who travel with different public transport complained that the buses often make troubles in traffic jams during rush hours .
Over 60% of family are formed with 3 generations: grandparents, parents and children.
Less than 30% people say that they may will take chance to cycling around the market area because it is a very busy zone both in traffic control and commercial activities.
Over 60% of the people believe in Feng Shui ( é˘¨ ć°´) , and believe the cubicle housing planning can bring the best luck for their life.
Main commercial activities will be situated close to the main traffic routes and connection of public transport.
The multi-discipline buildings will be located at the farer back from main roads.
According to the study of the historical development of the night market area, it is easy to see that most of the commercial activities are all hold at the place near to main transportation connections.
Whereas the secondary commercial activity areas seat at the farer field often combining residential flats. Therefore, the renovated plan will still remain the similar to locate the market and main economic activities related to the main traffic routes.
Main Area for commercial activities Main bus route
Chien Tan MRT Station
Original Bus Station
Planning an open public space in the middle of the site, in order to offer more place for people to have a better walking experience and discovering the city.
Buses Going to and from City Centre
Buses Going to and from other cities Traffic Flow
Bus stops are relocated according to different bus service to and from inside the Taipei city or other counties . The new location of bus stops can be reached within 5 minutes walk from the MRT Station of from the night market area.
Pedestrian Walking Only (Only People with Permit can entre)
Main night market zone
Open Public Space
The layout of the old town area has been changed, but the main route is preserved to inherit the living habit of the local people. However, the traffic circulation is also replanned to make clear movement of the vehicles as well as preserving a good walking environment for people. Moreover, the bus stops are also changed in order to prevent buses block the traffic during busy hours.
Route is changed to single direction for widening the pedestrian.
Main Night Market Area moved here Open Space offers a better walking experience which can also improve the quality of social interactions The ground floor level is designed for shops, since this is a multi-functional commercial area for decades. According to the research and statistic about the inhabitant living in old town area, it was found that quite a lot of people live with their parents even after they get married. Furthermore, part of the people who own the shop also tend to own the flats at upper level of the house. They are also used to combine work and life together for a long time. Therefore, the interior planning sample here is for families of 3 generations live together. Front Balcony
Back balcony (Laundry Room) Parentsâ€™ Room Master Bedroom Childâ€™s Room Kitchen Dining Room Living Room Arcade
Model At Exhibition
Discussion After exhibition, I took some time to review the feedbacks I collected when exchanging the thoughts with others, reviewing the design with report that was completed by another professional group who completed the first stage of renovating the Shi Lin Night Market, collecting questionnaire and research data from government for opinions on the planning of the area, and collected the discussion/suggestions from the community forums of the dwellers who live in that old town. There are few points can be discussed, and they might be the reasons why there are always a gap between professional planning groups, inhabitants, state authorities and others to understand each other well when running such project. Those reasons could also be the factors that may result in unsatisfactory and failure of design at the end. Those are:
1. Different roles are demanding for various needs and their understandings about the project is also differ from each other during the process of running the project. 2. The involvement of the inhabitants is still insufficient due to the inefficient propaganda of the issues proposed for such kind of project and lack of interactions between the local authorities, and the dwellers. 3. The questions on how to build the bridge of trust between the researchers and the local people. 4. The worry of social, economical, and political power’s distribution will be reorganised when the town planning is realised. 5. The problems of the follow on policies to manage and run the town after the project is completed.
By analysing the research I have done, I tried to propose conceivable solutions to the problems mentioned previously. In order to understand the requests/needs of the various groups which involve in such town planning project, we cannot only carry our research base on paper surveys, we also need to host various types of workshops for exchanging thoughts between those groups. So far, many of the workshops are focusing on understanding the dwellers. However, it is also very important that dwellers have understandings of those professional groups who are changing their town. Most of us, designers, politicians…etc., hardly really clarify our expectations for the future of the town we are planning, and using difficult terms to explain to the inhabitants. Such communication will always be unsatisfying enough for every party. Yet, the repellent to the professionals might be built, which will make the communication process even more difficult. Despite carrying out professional surveys by workshops and questionnaires, we can also host workshops to invite the inhabitants, who know the history and development of the area very well, to give talks to their younger generation and to those outsiders (designers, politicians, local authorities….etc.) Possibly, we can also invite those inhabitants to guide us to walk around the place and learn about the life of the town. Moreover, that may also help us to learn how every town is connected with each other through different types of traffic methods. This is because the traffic connection is also a very important factor that will influence the town development after it is renovated. By changing the role of the inhabitants from a passive character, whom to be controlled by those who have power to assign and change the world the dwellers are living, to be a more active role to lead us to learn about the place and their life. It will also help the dwellers to study their environment and carefully understand what they really need. Another point can be stressed is how we can understand the meaning behind what we request for. This is because every needs or configured problems are all representing something important to us.
The better and deeper we understand every party’s situation and their request, the easier it will be for us to predict the result of the design. Moreover, the more we understand about the historical development and change of the area and how the dwellers adopt their life according to the environment there are living, the better the design we can offer to bring the best and satisfying result. Consequently, the fear of changing of the distributions of the powers (social, economical, political….etc.) can be eased to certain extent. This can result in a more stabilized life style and a better design result.
No matter what kind of workshops or research that are designed to bring the professionals closer to understand the inhabitants, we have to carefully to take off our pride of our profession. Where we are standing should be at the point that help people to understand the place they are living, and collaborate with each other to improve their life quality. 14
According to the research, the new style of housing may not be accepted easily due to the believe in feng-shui (棰ㄦ按) and people might be anxious about the new look of the city. Therefore, I take one step further to develop the form by combining different styles which are referred to historical development of the architecture formation in Taiwan over the past hundreds of years. From the historical movement, Taiwan has been colonized and occupied by Westerner countries, Japan, and ancient China. Therefore, another look of the form is inherited the characteristics of historical style of the house that used to be appeared in 18th-early 20th century in Taiwan. By doing so, the younger generation can be reminded that there are historical stories about the place, and to trigger their interest in exploring and understanding the story of the city. People in older generation can also share their stories while the younger ones is studying the place.
Hotel Interior Design The Bridge Wharf (Von Essen Hotel)
Concept Development Imperial Hotel is ran by Von Essen Hotel Group. It is situated at the south-west London upon the Thames River. According to the statistic research from local council, people who live in that area are quite wealthy, mostly are the rich middle class and upper class. The manager from Von Essen Hotel Group informed us that their target clients for this hotel will be mainly business people who travelling from all over the world. They wish it becomes one of the best choice for business people to stay in London. The main space to be designed is the restaurant at ground floor and the mezzanine space. The service offer in these area will be opened to public in order to making a better connection with the hotel itself and the local life. This becomes one of the important consideration when planning the space. Another factor has been considered when featuring out the concept is the history of the Von Essen Hotel Group. They have been running hotel business for generations. They have some stories about the company, and they have their reputations to be recognised. This reminds to combine the natural environment of where the hotel is plotted (south-west London with stunning view of the Thames River) with what they wish the hotel business to be. Therefore, I postulated an ancient Chinese blessing phrase: A carp jumps over the dragon door from the pond. The carp swimming in the pond represents a person doing his/her hard works , at the time when the carp jumps over the dragon door represents the time that the person has made his/her success for what he/she has been working on over time. I wish to bring this meaningful concept into my design, and bring the good luck to the Von Essen Hotel Groups to run this hotel successfully as well. Background Picture from : http://choiyinfung.com/graphics/koi/koi002.jpg
Entrance Cloak room
Waiting Area for Dinning Restaurant
Hotel Check-in Reception
Food Preparing zone
Lift Waiting Hall
Ground Floor Plan
The ground floor is designed to be restaurant. Both the ground floor and mezzanine floor is providing service not only for the hotel guests but also to the local people. Therefore, it needs to be generated in a flexible layout : offering continental breakfast to hotel guests in the morning and becoming a boutique restaurant for lunch and dinner. 19
Mezzanine Floor Plan
Moreover, the drinking culture in the UK is an unforgettable experience compare to other styles over the world. Therefore, the mezzanine level is designed to be an entertaining and bar area for people to enjoy night life after a long exhausted day for business. Liveband performance can be hold, people can enjoy and relax. I also assigned space of private boxes for people need more privacy with their important friends while enjoy the live music performance. 20
Private Box at Mezzanine
View From the Private Box at Mezzanine
Stage for Performance
Entrance of Bar at Mezzanine
22 View From waiting area next to the restaurant
Entrance of Bar at Mezzanine
Project At Work 2009-2011
Residential Design - Zhen-Xing Mansion
• 7 stories residential building • Location: Taipei City. • Site Area: 343.2 ㎡ • Façade detail design.
7 story high-end residential community situated in the beautiful corner of Taipei city. Design concept is to offer the residence to have a relaxing and simple life style while fighting hard for life. I studied the movement of sunshine carefully and figure out how the shades of the building are influenced by the related surroundings, to create the unique texture on the surface of the granite stone slab. The movement of the sunshine also affect my choice of the colours and materials of glazing unit as well as other materials applied on the envelope of the building itself. I also involved in producing detail drawings for façade design, while experimenting different use of materials: painted steel, granite marble and pottery tile, to offer a fine finished touch when dealing with the unusual cut surface of the façade.
Job Duty: • concept design of building façade • Building regulation review • 3D model visualisation • Building Area: 231.6 ㎡ • Producing detail constructive drawings at scale 1:5 / 1:10. • Material specification
The Design of the Faรงade The design of the faรงade was actually influenced heavily by the movement of the sunshine. The condition of the weather in Taipei is also the important factor to me when carefully selecting the materials and dealing with its detailed finishes. The photo on the left was taken in July 2012, where its basic architectural structure has been finished and dry stone work has been started to be established. It is expected to be finished in July 2013.
Residential Design - Chateau of Honour
Concept Development Dream home of the CEO of SMCH Construction Ltd. It is situated in the heart of traditional county -Yun Lin - in Taiwan. The brief was set to build a dream of eternity that the story of the building and the history of the family can be passed on over generations. The client personally in favour of the Western Classical style of architecture. Therefore, I spent few months to study the historical buildings built in 17th and 18th century and considered carefully the meaning of historical architecture, in order to reproduce the grandeur and splendid Baroque epoch through this project.
The Site and Design
Physical Detail: • 4 stories residential house • Location: Taiwan. • Site Area : 1817㎡ • Building Area: 1090.2 ㎡
Job Duty: • Concept design of building façade • Building regulation review • 3D model visualisation • Façade detail design. • Material specification
Bedroom 5 Master Bedroom
Parentsâ€™ Rm Porch
Porch Dinning Room
Parking Space at Basement
Living Room Terrace
Bedroom 3 Master Bedroom
Laundry Room Bedroom 2 Walk in Closet Pantry Rm
Worship Hall Living Room
Parking Space at Basement
The Design The original design concept was postulated by another designer. It handed to me for reviewing the design if it complies with the building regulation, and I need to make the design to be realized. As consequences, I had many chances to work with the construction group and other professional groups to try to solve the already existing problems while it is under construction. Pictures shown on the right side are the works I did to communicate with construction groups with 3D visualization. Physical Detail: • 16 stories Office • Location: Taipei City. • Site Area: 1400 ㎡ (approx.) • Façade detail design. Job Duty: • concept design of building façade • Building regulation review • 3D model visualisation • Using 3D model to communicate with construction group • Building Area: 1209 ㎡ • Material specification
Coordinate with Construction Group
During construction, there were many places found to be troublesome because the design has been renewed many times. Some parts of the design were altered. Therefore, I had to review all the drawings to reconfirm they are all up-to-date, and coordinated the construction group to solve problems found when building it.
Penthouse Office Area Lift Area Bank Stair A
Parking Area Void
It is completed in June 2013
The examples shown here were the problems I tried to solve and represent them to the construction groups for more detailed understanding about the design, and help them to visualise the drawings from 2D to 3D.
The pictures of “before” were the idea postulated by another designer, and the ones of “After” are my ideas to redesign with details and make them to be realised after considering the conditions of construction and building regulations.
Interior Design At Work - 3D Visualisation
Interior Design â€“ Vivaldi Apartment
Interior Design â€“ Taipei Vivadi
The space Kitchen
3 Bedroom flat situated on the second floor. The whole interior area is 166.34 Sq metre (excluded balcony and laundry area).
Reception Study Room
Interior Design â€“ Taipei Cydney
This project is actually the home of the senior designer situated at the bank where TamShui River is connected to the Pacific Ocean at the north- east Taipei. We finished this project together by endless communication and exchanging the thoughts about how space could be (as the photos shown on the right). We talked about the dream home of hers, and I used 3D model to help her to shape the space she wants over and over again.
2 Bedroom flat situated on the 8th floor. The whole interior area is 95.76 Sq metre.
â€˘ 3D visualisation â€“ using 3D model to design and think about the space