Text by Wikipedia
pictures by brady teuful
San Luis Obispo (Spanish for St. Louis, the Bishop) is a city in California, located ro
Founded in 1772 by Spanish Fr. JunĂpero Serra, San Luis Obispo is one of California
county seat of
San Luis Obispo County and is adjacent to California Polytechnic Sta
oughly midway between
Los Angeles and San Francisco on the Central Coast.
aâ€™s oldest communities.
The city, referred to locally as San Luis or SLO, is the
University. The population was 45,119 at the 2010 census.
he earliest human inhabitants of the local area were the Chumash peoples. One of the earliest villages lies south of San Luis Obispo, and reflects the landscape of the early Holocene when estuaries came farther inland. These Chumash people exploited marine resources of the inlets and bays along the Central Coast and inhabited a network of villages including sites at Los Osos and Morro Creek. San Luis Obispo was also a popular stop on both U.S. Route 101 and California State Route 1 with the rise of car culture. Due to its popularity as a stop, it was the location of
the first motel, the Milestone Mo-Tel. Among San Luis Obispoâ€™s historical buildings is the former San Luis Obis-
po Carnegie Library, located at 696 Monterey Street. The San Luis Obispo Carnegie Library was built
in 1905 with a grant of $10,000 from Andrew Carnegie, who funded the establishment of 142 California libraries in the early 1900s.
The Romanesque Maino of San style building was Luis Obispo. designed by architect W. H. Weeks of Watsonville, California and was built by contractor Joseph
Demographics The 2010 United
States Census reported that San Luis Obispo had a population of 45,119. The population density was 3,489.4 people per square mile (1,347.3/kmÂ˛). The racial makeup of San Luis Obispo was 38,117 (84.5%) White, 523 (1.2%) African American, 275 (0.6%) Native American, 2,350 (5.2%) Asian, 65 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,973 (4.4%) from other races, and 1,816 (4.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6,626 persons (14.7%). The Census reported that 43,937 people (97.4% of the population) lived in households, 967 (2.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 215 (0.5%) were institutionalized. There were 19,193 households, out of which 3,178 (16.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 5,690 (29.6%)
were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,336 (7.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 586 (3.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,104 (5.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 124 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. There were 20,553 housing units at an average density of 1,589.5 per square mile (613.7/ kmÂ˛), of which 7,547 (39.3%) were owner-occupied, and 11,646 (60.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.7%. 17,225 people (38.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 26,712 people (59.2%) lived in rental housing units.
The Madonna Inn
is a famous local landmark. Established by Alex Madonna in 1958, the inn is famously eccentric. For more infomation visit The Fremont Theater, a historic Art Deco theater from the 1940s, still plays first run movies on the huge screen. Murals adorn the walls of the main theater while neon swirls light the ceiling. The Palm Theatre boasts solar heating and is home to the San Luis Obispo International Film Festival. Another destination is Bubblegum Alley. Since about 1960, people have been sticking chewed gum on the walls of this alley. The doctor’s office on the corner of Santa Rosa and Pacific streets is one of very few commercial buildings designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. San
Luis also has a Carnegie Library which is now home to the San Luis Obispo County Historical Museum. A sculpture of a child and bear at the Mis-
sion in downtown San Luis Obispo. A fish was added after the photograph was taken. Lots of mystery surrounds the “underground city”, or the
series of tunnels that exists beneath the city. One of the largest Mardi Gras parades West of the Mississip-
pi used to be held in San Luis Obispo, but it has been canceled recently because of difficulties related to crowd control and alcohol consumption. Cal Poly’s open
house, Poly Royal, was held annually from 1933 to 1990. It was canceled in 1945 due to war rationing. It began as a showand-tell for students to display their projects. It traces its origins to the 1904 Farmer’s Institute and Picnic Basket. By the 1980s, as the college became “the most popular...university in the 19-campus CSU system”, Poly Royal began drawing over 100,000 people from throughout the state, including 126,000 people in 1985. Concerts, parties, and other entertainment were added and it earned $3–4 million in revenue for the city every year. Following a “mini-riot” in 1989 at an off-campus apartment during Poly Royal, the events in 1990 would cancel the event “indefinitely.” Two nights of rioting on April 28–29 led to 127 arrests, over 100 injuries and 14 police injuries on top of “several hundred
thousand dollars” worth of damage. A liquor store near campus, Campus Bottle, was destroyed by revelers demanding alcohol. The second night was much larger than the first as people were leaving a concert on campus and parties off-campus were broken up and revelers flooded the streets. Mayor Dunin called the events “the worst experience in the history of San Luis Obispo.” After a meeting between Mayor Dunin and University President Warren Baker the following Monday, Poly Royal was canceled from that point forward. The name Poly Royal returned in 2001 as “Open House Presents Poly Royal”, a scaled down version that was designed for students and parents. San Luis Obispo has been home of several other events, including a stop on the way of the Olympic Flame Relay, the Tour of California bicycle race, Cinco de Mayo celebrations, an annual Mozart festival, held every July, and a long-standing Christmas Parade. Another attraction is the development of Edna Valley into a wellknown wine region.
Just south of the city, people can spend an afternoon wine tasting several wineries in the area with a very
short drive. The wine region extends north beyond Paso Robles (30 miles north) and south to Santa Ynez (70 miles south). During Summer months, local residents and visitors congregate in the Mission Plaza for a free outdoor concert every Friday evening. The event is called Concerts in the Plaza. Other noteworthy events include the San Luis Obispo International Film Festival, Festival Mosaic, and the Plein Air Festival. San Luis Obispo hosts a Farmer’s Market every Thursday night from 6-9PM on Higuera Street, between Osos and Nipomo Streets. During
this weekly event, the street is closed to vehicle traffic while vendors sell food and goods and vari-
One of the cultural focal centers of San Luis Obispo is the Christopher Cohen Performing Arts Center built on the Cal Poly Campus, which was constructed utilizing the donations of local businesses and individuals. The Performing Arts Center consists of multiple venues, including the original Spanos Theatre. The largest venue, Harmon ous visual and music Hall, seats 1,300. artists perform for the Many high school crowds. and college programs are schedSince June 2000, uled. Local artists the first Thursday of perform plays, muevery month is The sic and dance. The Bike Happening (also addition of the Perknown as Bike Nite) forming Arts Cenin San Luis Obispo. ter attracts many People gather after touring perforthe Farmer’s Market mances which are at the Mission Plaza usually not found with their bikes. The in communities of bikers then go around comparable size to on multiple circuits San Luis Obispo. on the main streets of The Summer of downtown adhering 2007 was the opento the traffic laws (for ing concert of the the most part). The Forbes Pipe Organ, ride is considered a which was built fun/social ride meant elevated into a side to encourage people wall of Harmon to get back on their Hall and required bikes and to have the donation of a fun. Each Bike Hapfurther $3 million pening has a theme for purchase and and a large portion of installation. the crowd is in some costume adherent to the theme.
Population by the numbers
Online version: Infogr.am/ sa-24511469993740