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SKIN

++

DIRECTORY

designing the human skin


SYNTHETIC SKIN

++

SALON

skin directory

Judit Florenciano MA Wearable Futures 2017 Ravensbourne


We offer a range of skin enhancements by genetically modifying human tissue, altering its morphology and physiology. The Skins Directory informs about the skins available in this fictional service.


Skin ++ enhancing biological skin

A skin genetic enhancement involves a series of biotechnology techniques that are principally comprised of and rely on the medical sciences of tissue engineering, gene therapy (using somatic cell gene therapy), and bioprinting. The procedure to alter skin involves surgical procedures using tissue implant technology and/or blood transfussion.


SKIN ENHANCEMENT

Stem cells extraction from epidermal tissue

Adding new gens into extracted epidermal cells

In Vitro tissue culture of genetically modified cells. Cells seeding on 3D scaffords to create new tissue

The modified tissue is implanted on skin. Epidermal cells will now regenerate according to new gene expression


Nature ++ designing the future of skin

Human skin is an intriguing

communication. Through this

organ that nature has provided

obsessive search to find the

with

physiology

next best commodity for the

and morphology. Being the

human body, what if some

largest organ, it is the one

of these functions could be

that sustains the integrity of

fully integrated into our skin’s

our bodies. By representing

design?

astonishing

the physical interface between the body and the environment,

Biomimicry

it is the first line of protection

inspiration to propose a series

from

and

of improved skins to accomplish

represents the initial, tangible

some of these commodities.

communication with the rest of

Inspired

the world.

the possibilities that nature

external

factors

and

is

used

captivated

as

by

provides to the different type Despite its engineered design,

of life kingdoms such as the

we use outer-body products,

Animalia, Plantae and Bacteria,

textiles, and devices in order

the skins proposed are a series

to

from

of genetic crossovers between

improve

other species and the human

the

protect

ourselves

environment,

our health, and to facilitate

one.


Skin Taxonomy classifying by skin function

Skin

++


Anti-sweat PROTECTIVE

Super collagen III Hippo secretion

ChlorophyII VITAL

Hydrophilic Organic absorber

Setae AUXILIARY

Hydrophobic Self-cleaning

Anti-pollutant SENSORY

Hydrotactile Photoreceptive


PROTECTIVE Provide new skin properties to protect the body from environmental and external factors.


Anti-Sweat

Supser Collagen III

Hippo Secretion


Anti-Sweat function: protective

The skin has improved thermal regulation properties. It reflects the longer wavelength of infrared light, by doing so it avoids causing the body to overheat and sweat. It changes colour to a bluish hue when affected by the light, acting as an imminent biological sensing of the action for the wearer.


Super Collagen III function: protective

The epidermis augments the immune system by providing immediate skin regeneration. It allows the user to renew skin from wounds quicker through re-epithelialization. When healing, the substance produced by the skin is rich now in collagen III to create new normal tissue without scars.


Hippo Secretion function: protective

The skin produces a red-coloured granular sweat secretion that protects from sun burns. It contains microscopic liquid crystalline structures that scatter light acting as sun-blocking and sunscreening tissue. Includes antiseptic and insectrepellent properties.


VITAL Helps the body’s vital functions by providing new methods of ingesting; while none of them are substitutes, they are instead auxiliary body systems.


ChlorophyII

Hydrophilic

Organic Absorber


ChlorophyII function: vital

The skin acts as an effective, integrated energy booster that automatically activates with the sunlight. The

engineered

tissue

contains

high

doses

of chlorophyII pigment which uses sunlight to synthesize nutrients from carbon dioxide and water, which the skin takes from the air (CO2), and the body (H20).


Hydrophilic function: vital

The skin provides a sophisticated water absorption system allowing to drink through the skin. An interconnected channels structure uses the capillary forces of the network to pull and transport water from the outside of the skin to the jaw through a jaw-buccal pumping mechanism.


Organic Absorber function: vital

The permeable epidermis is synthesized to be able to absorb amino acids of dissolved organic matter found in the environment. It provides a reinforcing and direct method to maximize sporadic opportunities for organic nutrient acquisition as an alternative energy booster.


AUXILIARY Provides new skin functions through a type of auxiliary support that extends the limits of our bodies.


Setae

Hydrophobic

Self-Cleaning


Setae function: auxiliary

The skin being rich of setae (mini stiff hair-like structures) allows attachment onto surfaces instantly without sticking. The sheer abundance and proximity of setae to the surface make it sufficient for van der Waals forces to provide the required connection strength, creating a gentle but efficient attachment.


Hydrophobic function: auxiliary

The metamorphic skin allows the body to remain periodically dry in aquatic or wet environments. The epidermal and dermal glands secrete a sheetlike whitish cocoon which covers the body when it gets in contact with moisture.


Self-Cleaning function: auxiliary

The outer layer of the epidermis is enhanced to allow the skin to be in a state of self-cleaning. The presence of even nano-rough structures together with the auto secretion of a rubber-like gel prevents the build-up of microscopic organisms in the skin such as bacteria, avoiding the attachment of dirt.


SENSORY Provides a new range of sensory modalities detected through the skin’s surface from various environmental stimuli.


Anti-Pollutant

Hydrotactile

Photoreceptive


Anti-Pollutant function: sensory

The epidermal layer has specialised biosensors creating an integrated monitoring system to detect environmental pollutants. The

genetically

engineered

microorganisms

(microbial biosensors) activate when it detects excessive amounts of CO and other common pollutants in the air, and react by changing their hue.


Hydrotactile function: sensory

The skin detects the smallest vibration and pressure in underwater conditions. The pressure receptors of the skin sensory organs (ISOs) have been improved to become ultrasensitive to touch. Permitting to sense through osmotic pressures the direction and speed of any movement under the water.


Photoreceptive function: sensory

The skin performs as a whole photoreceptive system, functioning as a compound eye. The epidermal tissue is embedded with calcite crystals that act as double lenses. The crystals are tied to nerve bundles which are light-sensitive and transmit the optical information to the rest of the nervous system.


Cover image orignial from S-THETICS.CO.UK (VISIA Complexion Analysis)

Skins by Judit Florenciano

Photography by George Cassells


Profile for Judit Florenciano

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