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THE ULOLWE SOUTH AFRICA – SUID-AFRIKA A monthly railway research / historical publication ‘n Maandelikse spoorweg historiese en navorsing publikasie Vol 3 No 3 Un-official / Nie Amptelik - Gratis Everything to do with the former SA Railways: i.e. lighthouses, harbours, staff, photos, books, RMT, stations, tugs, SAR Police, SAA, catering, pipelines, stamps, models, rolling stock, armoured trains, diagrams, etc

Hennie Heymans, Pretoria, ZA heymanshb@gmail.com March 2012

On the way to Waterval Boven with a sunset over Pretoria near Mamelodi – Hennie Heymans

Patron - Les Pivnic - Beskermheer

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Contents Welcome ...................................................................................................................................................... 5 Front Cover - Voorblad ............................................................................................................................. 5 Editorial – Redaksioneel............................................................................................................................ 5 Main Story ................................................................................................................................................... 6 Estcourt to Weenen NG Line – Bruno Martin .................................................................................... 6 At Estcourt – Hannes Paling........................................................................................................... 39 Jacque Wepener’s Perambulations ........................................................................................................ 39 Braamfontein Report: .............................................................................................................................. 45 Railway History ....................................................................................................................................... 45 CGR ........................................................................................................................................................ 45 NGR ....................................................................................................................................................... 45 OVSS ...................................................................................................................................................... 45 President MT Steyn’s Carriage ....................................................................................................... 45 Kroonstad Railway Station ............................................................................................................. 45 NZASM.................................................................................................................................................. 48 NZASM bridge, Pretoria Fountains .............................................................................................. 48 Rekord: Treinspore vertel ‘n storie – Du P Martins .................................................................... 48 Anglo Boer War - IMR ......................................................................................................................... 50 IMR Bridge nr Irene Station ............................................................................................................ 50 IMR Tools .......................................................................................................................................... 50 Anglo-Boer War graves and the Railways ....................................................................................... 51 Sannaspos 31st of March 1900 – Dave Fortune ............................................................................. 51 Frere on the Trans-Natal line – Rudi Venter ................................................................................ 52 2


Chieveley Graveyard on the Trans-Natal line – Rudi Venter.................................................... 53 SA Railways .......................................................................................................................................... 55 Coach 14 ............................................................................................................................................ 55 Head Boards (Cont) ......................................................................................................................... 56 SAR – Vaughn Mostert ........................................................................................................................ 56 NGG16-127- Avontuur - 1968.png ................................................................................................. 56 11702 - Greyville - 1968.................................................................................................................... 57 Transnet ..................................................................................................................................................... 57 18E 688 by Jacobus Marais .............................................................................................................. 57 No 14586 – Jacobus Marais ............................................................................................................. 58 Lennings on Transnet track – Jacobus Marais.............................................................................. 58 SA Metro Rail............................................................................................................................................ 59 Metro KZN – Rudi Venter .................................................................................................................. 59 Eina! Argyle Rd Bridge, Durban – Dries van der Merwe............................................................... 60 Photographs .............................................................................................................................................. 60 “Old” Pentrich Station by Rudi Venter ......................................................................................... 60 More Durban Railway stations by Rudi Venter .............................................................................. 61 “Lest we Forget” SAR & H “Roll of Honour”.................................................................................. 63 George Museum – Paul Els ............................................................................................................. 63 Station: Eston (Rebuildt at George Museum) - Paul Els ............................................................. 64 Old Free State mainline alignments – J Wepener & Bruno Martin ................................................... 64 Railway People – Spoorwegmense ........................................................................................................ 65 Feedback .............................................................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined. 3


Railway People ..................................................................................................................................... 66 – The Sturgeon “Railway Family” ................................................................................................. 66 - John Dadford, fitter at Rovos Rail ............................................................................................... 67 Book Shelf.................................................................................................................................................. 68 - Northward from Cape Town: The Anglican Church Railway Mission in Southern Africa 1885 – 1980 by John Roden.............................................................................................................. 68 RMT............................................................................................................................................................ 71 Hertzogville – J & J Wepener.......................................................................................................... 71 South African Airways ............................................................................................................................ 74 ZS-SNG by Johannes Botha ................................................................................................................ 74 Suid Afrikaanse Lugdiens: Springbok-embleem 1934 - 1997 – J Jacobs ....................................... 74 Harbours.................................................................................................................................................... 78 Catering Division ..................................................................................................................................... 78 Rovos Rail – Hennie Heymans........................................................................................................... 78 Funkey 418018/1989 ......................................................................................................................... 78 South African Models .............................................................................................................................. 79 Filler: No 4434 Part One .................................................................................................................. 79 Anglo-Boer War Blockhouse - Trevor Alborough ........................................................................... 79 From the Press .......................................................................................................................................... 81 More than five railway deaths for every mining death - SAIRR................................................... 82 SAIRR's comparison misleading - PRASA ....................................................................................... 83 Outside South Africa: .............................................................................................................................. 84 Oldest Electric Railway: Brighton, UK - Bruce Jones .................................................................. 84 Union Pacific: Rules Are Rules – Talitha Randlehoff.................................................................. 84 4


Filler: Blue Train Staff Car .............................................................................................................. 85 SADF in the Angolan War .................................................................................................................. 86 Pandora’s Box ........................................................................................................................................... 86 - Canadian Rail inspection cars .......................................................................................................... 87 Mail Bag ..................................................................................................................................................... 89 Stop Pres .................................................................................................................................................... 89 Indemnity / Vrywaring ........................................................................................................................... 89 Next Issue .................................................................................................................................................. 90 Welcome

Front Cover - Voorblad We were en route to Waterval Boven with Bosveld Train Safaris one Friday evening. Boon Boonzaaier and I settled down to the rhythmic clicketty-clak and a Brandy & Coke with plenty of ice! We would sleep over at Waterval Boven, move after breakfast – Bacon & Eggs of course! Then to Nelspruit on the Saturday morning with destination Tzaneen. An unforgettable trip along the border of the Kruger National Park! At Tzaneen we would braai on the station platform. We would then return via Pietersburg on Sunday morning after stopping on the bridge at the dam outside Tzaneen waiting for sunrise. Included was a sumptuous Sunday meal. This was called the Bosveld-rondomtalie.

Editorial – Redaksioneel Welcome and enjoy! A short word of thanks to all our readers, some are in the UK, other in NZ or Australia for sending in their articles, photos and anecdotes. I hope Terry Rowe in the UK will enjoy Bruno Martin’s excellent historical compilation and cuttings about the Estcourt – Weenen NG line which is no longer there to use and to enjoy! (Bruno has acknowledged all his sources on the documents itself.)

“If all else fails – use the rails!” – HBH

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Main Story Estcourt to Weenen NG Line – Bruno Martin

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NG at Estcourt – Hannes Paling

Jacque Wepener’s Perambulations

Between Grasslands and Kingswood

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A car-train heading north near Kalkvlakte

The Amatola in the Free State

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On the Free State Gold Fields.

At Harmony Mine

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RRL 31 class leaving Welkom for Odendaalsrus.

At Cronnel heading to Kroonstad

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Makwassie

Sheltam at Virginia

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RRL are hiring a diesel again from Transnet in Kroonstad. Got her today heading towards the exchange yard near the Welkom show grounds. Hennie this photo is taken at the Jan Hofmeyer Road crossing where the old parachute water tank still stands. Cheers. J & J. All pictures are by Jacque Wepener and carry his copyright.

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Braamfontein Report: -

Railway History CGR NGR OVSS President MT Steyn’s Carriage No new information – we have spoken to descendants of Pres MT Steyn. We are still looking for information on this subject.

Kroonstad Railway Station The historic Kroonstad Railway station was recently gutted in a fire.

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Locomotive plinthed outside the Kroonstad Railway Station. All photographs by Lt-Col Van der Merwe of Kroonstad.

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NZASM NZASM bridge, Pretoria Fountains

When one enters Pretoria from the south, i.e. on the R22 from the airport, this old relic is tucked away near the bridges of the Spoornet line to the east and the new Gautrain Bridge. Both run over the R22 which is now Nelson Mandela Drive. Traffic is quite hectic on this stretch of road and it is not advisable to stop here to take photographs. Please excuse the blurred photo – it was the best I could do! Photo: HBH

Rekord: Treinspore vertel ‘n storie – Du P Martins While on the subject, one has to laud the local community newspaper REKORD for sensitising the public about this historic bridge.

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Anglo Boer War - IMR IMR Bridge nr Irene Station

Photo by Rick Searle in HBH’s Collection.

IMR Tools

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Photos taken at Millsite by HB Heymans on 2-5-2004

Anglo-Boer War graves and the Railways Sannaspos 31st of March 1900 – Dave Fortune

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A few years ago I had the privilege to visit Sannaspos railway station. The junction to Aliwal North on the Cape border is situated here at Sannaspos. Sadly not much activity of railways is visible here. Gen CR de Wet attacked the British troops at this railway station. The marks of the Boer bullets are still clearly visible on the station building. Regretfully this historic building will not stand another ten years. The British graves are neatly tended to – HBH

Frere on the Trans-Natal line – Rudi Venter Rudi Venter is a Transnet driver and he has shared the following photographs taken from his cab of Anglo-Boer War graves near Frere where the young Winston Churchill was taken prisoner by the Boers on the 15th of Nov 1899.

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Chieveley Graveyard on the Trans-Natal line – Rudi Venter

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SA Railways Coach 14

I am told that this type of roof is called a “GOOSE NECK” - HBH

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Head Boards (Cont)

Photo’s: Mrs Sturgeon with the Blue Train and Lourens Sturgeon with the Trans-Natal by Hennie Heymans and the Orange Express head board by Paul Els at the George Museum.

SAR – Vaughn Mostert NGG16-127- Avontuur - 1968

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11702 - Greyville - 1968

Transnet 18E 688 by Jacobus Marais

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No 14586 – Jacobus Marais

Lennings on Transnet track – Jacobus Marais

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SA Metro Rail

Metro KZN – Rudi Venter

A Metro between Dassenhoek and Marian Hill.

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Oeps! Argyle Rd Bridge, Durban – Dries van der Merwe

Photographs “Old” Pentrich Station by Rudi Venter

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Old Pentrich in the NGR style

Old Pentrich

Old Pentrich

New Pentrich

More Durban Railway stations by Rudi Venter Jacobs old station building:

Wentworth platform and old fire station:

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Clairwood station platform:

Clairwood racecoure petrol marshalling yard:

Left & right: Wentworth locomotive shed Enlarged photo of the one on the right.

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“Lest we Forget” SAR & H “Roll of Honour” George Museum – Paul Els

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Station: Eston (Rebuildt at George Museum) - Paul Els

Filler – C-9 No 468

Old Free State mainline alignments – J Wepener & Bruno Martin Standing over 64


Railway People – Spoorwegmense My Uncle, David Malan, (bottom left) with Class 17 locomotive – date, time, place unknown HBH

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Railway People – The Sturgeon “Railway Family”

Lourens (left) pictured with his father Hans Sturgeon. Below is Marlene Sturgeon, Hans’ wife. Hans and Marlene are both stalwarts at Rovos Rail. Hans has been with Rovos since the beginning of their operations. The passion Hans and Marlene have is also manifested in Lourens who is a builder of railway models.

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- John Dadford, fitter at Rovos Rail

Lourens Sturgeon and John Dadford – a second generation railway man.

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Book Shelf - Northward from Cape Town: The Anglican Church Railway Mission in Southern Africa 1885 – 1980 by John Roden

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Note NZASM carriage

For those interested in Railway History and or Africana – this is a book to acquire!

Quarterly No 25, Oct 1909 p1.

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RMT Hertzogville – J & J Wepener Our correspondent, Jacque Wepener, sent the following photographs of the Road Motor Transport’s base at Hertzogville The loading platform for goods.

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The parafin / oil store

The toilet and the milkshed

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South African Airways ZS-SNG by Johannes Botha

Suid Afrikaanse Lugdiens: Springbok-embleem 1934 - 1997 – J Jacobs Die vader van siviele lugvaart in Suid Afrika, majoor Allister Miller het Union Airways in 1929 in Port Elizabeth gestig. Die embleem van Union Airways was op ‘n wimpel geborduur en met rit na die lughawegebou deur die vlieënier vanuit die kajuit opgesteek. Die lugdiens se kleure was rooi en geel, en die wimpel diensooreenkoms aangepas (sien foto 1). Dit het ‘n geel agtergrond gehad met ‘n rooi streep omlyn tussen die swart buite omlyning. In die middel was ‘n Fokker Super vliegtuig in ‘dorsel view’, die wimpel was gedoop die ‘red and yellow monster’. Union Airways is in 1934 na verskeie vlieg probleme en min fondse deur die Suid Afrikaanse Regering met al hulle bates en laste oorgeneem. Dié regering het die nuwe lugredery, die Suid Afrikaanse Lugdiens gedoop en op 1 Februarie 1934, met die bestaande vlugte van Union Airways begin. Die embleem wat gekies was, was dié van ‘n springbok, die nasionale embleem van Suid Afrika en 74


voorgestel as ‘n ‘vlieënde springbok’. Dit was ‘n wit springbok gekleur in swart oor sy pote, horings en onderkant van die vlerke (sien foto 2).

Hierdie embleem met die logo: Suid

Afrikaanse Lugdiens / South African Airways was weerskante op die neus van vliegtuie aangebring tot en met 1948. SAL se eerste interkontinentale diens, bekend as die Springbok Diens het op 10 November 1945, begin.

In

1948 het die huis kleure van SAL verander na ‘n blou lyn op ‘n aluminium romp. Dít was aangebring vanaf die neus van ‘n vliegtuig tot by die einde van die romp. ‘n Blou streep was ook oor die rigtingsroer en stertvin aangebring. Die SAL het ook die slagspreuk: ‘Die blou en silwer vloot’ gebruik.

Die springbok het ook

verander na heeltemal swart met wit strepe in sy vlerke en omleiding van die buitekantse pote om dít uit te lig (sien foto 3).

Die embleem was ook op die neus van vliegtuie aangebring met die logo: Suid Afrikaanse Lugdiens / South African Airways weerskante van die romp. Die Nasionale Vlag was ook op die stert geplaas (sien foto 4 en 5). Die embleem is gebruik tot 1971.

Foto 4

Foto 5

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Met die indiensneming van die Boeings het dit ook nuwe lugdiens kleure gebring. Die grootste verandering was die oranje stert met ‘n blou en wit ‘flash’ lyn met die nuwe springbok embleem van blou omring deur wit strepe daarop in die middel (sien foto 6 - links).

Die bestaande vloot vliegtuie is ook met hierdie kleure aangepas. ‘n Blou springbok embleem is op sommige van die vliegtuie se neuse aangebring (sien foto 7 onder). Die ‘Suid Afrikaanse Lugdiens / South African Airways’ logos aan weerskante van die romp is behou.

Foto 7

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Tussen 1994 en 1997 het SAL weereens sy kleure aangepas (sien foto 8 - regs). Die Oranje stert is behou maar die wit strepe daarop is verwyder asook die springbok op die neus van vliegtuie.

Foto 8 SAL en SAA is weerskante van die romp aangebring in groot letters en Suid Afrikaanse Lugdiens / South African Airways in klein letters onderkant die vensters aan die voorkant (sien foto 9). Hierdie kleure en embleem van die springbok is in 1997 deur die huidige kleure van die SAL vervang.

Die Suid Afrikaanse Lugdiens se ‘Vlieënde Springbok’-logo was ‘n integrale simbool van hierdie lugdiens vanaf sy stigting in 1934. So meer, as daar vandag verwys word na die SAL dit nog genoem word die ‘Flying Springbok’. Gelukkig het die SAL steeds sy radio roepsein ‘Springbok’ behou. Erkenning aan: •

SAA Museum Society Archives ( Verskeie foto’s)

Wikipedia - Die Vrye Ensiklopedie

Foto’s vanaf ‘Flight Simulator 9’ 77


South African Airways Museum Society

@ Johan Jacobs 06/02/2012

Harbours -

Catering Division -

Rovos Rail – Hennie Heymans Funkey 418018/1989

A few pictures were taken of this Funkey and were sent to John Middleton. The following correspondence took place: Hi Hennie, Thanks for the photos; I think it is probably Funkey 418018/1989 at SASKO Chamdor, which Geoff Pethick acquired. SASKO is not a mine though! It’s not had a particularly hard life so may still have its works plate (inside the cab on Funkey's). Regards John

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Hi John Yes it's the ex-SASKO shunter, now repainted and vacuum brakes refitted. Rovos are very pleased with it and it gets used every day. It still has its works plates and other goodies; it’s like a new locomotive. Regards Geoff Pethick

South African Models Filler: No 4434 Part One

Anglo-Boer War Blockhouse - Trevor Alborough Oom Hennie, First of all thank you for an excellent magazine!

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Recently I decided I wanted a standard pattern masonry blockhouse to stand watch over a girder bridge on my HO layout. I found an excellent web site with diagrams at http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol106rt.html I used this and photos on the net to build my model, see the photo below. I'm happy with the result although the colour of my concrete work is a bit dark - it looks like it should still be in the wheelbarrow and not sun drenched for the last 110 years. The model has a foot print of 7cm x 7cm, and height of 7.5cm to the top of the walls or 10 cm to the peak of the roof. Masonry blockhouses were expensive to build, so most used a cheaper corrugated iron construction. There were nearly 8000 block houses constructed, but only 441 were of the masonry type. I'm building the model, I got thinking about scales. I've long known model trains compromise scale and track gauges. Some seem to date from using metric measure to model from imperial scaled drawings, ie so many mm of model per foot of the original, so OO is 4mm per foot and HO 3.5mm per foot. Here is a table of my findings which may be of interest: Name Scale 1:n

Track (mm)

gauge Scaled (m)

gauge

3

22.6

63.5

1.435

13.487

2

29

50.4

1.462

10.510

1

32

45

1.440

9.525

0

43.5

32

1.392

7.007

UK & France

0

45

32

1.440

6.773

Germany, Russia

0

48

32

1.536

6.350

USA

H1 / S 64

22.42

1.435

4.763

Half-One / “Standard” “S”ixty-Fourth

00

76.2

16.5

1.257

4.000

Double-Oh

H0

87

16.5

1.436

3.503

Half-Oh (Half-Zer0)

N

148

9

1.332

2.059

“N”ine mm – UK

N

150

9

1.350

2.032

“N”ine mm – Japan

N

160

9

1.440

1.905

“N”ine mm

Z

220

6.5

1.430

1.385

T

480

3

1.440

0.635

mm/ft Comment / Name derivation

/

Smallest commercial gauge

Trevor Alborough’s Blockhouse

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From the Press 81


More than five railway deaths for every mining death - SAIRR Kerwin Lebone - 30 January 2012 Institute says 900 killed in railway accidents between 2007 and 2009 Railway accidents accounted for more than five times as many deaths as mining accidents over a two-year period, according to the latest South Africa Survey, published by the South African Institute of Race Relations in Johannesburg last week. Just over 160 people died in mining accidents in 2009 and 2010 while almost 900 were killed in railway accidents between 2007/08 and 2008/09. The majority of mining accident casualties occurred owing to the fall of ground and transportation accidents, at 68%. The rest were caused by blasting fumes or other unspecified incidents. South Africa has among the deepest mines in the world. Some 81% of railway accident fatalities happened when people were struck during train movements while the remainder were as a result of fires, electric shocks, derailments, and level crossing incidents, according to data analysed in the Survey. The South African mining industry provides about one million jobs - half of them directly. The Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa's passenger numbers range from 3.9 million a year - via the long distance Shosholoza Meyl - to 1.7 million passengers a week on Metrorail, used by urban dwellers to commute to work daily. ‘The Government is rightly concerned about mining fatalities, but seems less so about deaths on the state-owned railways,' said Mr Kerwin Lebone of the Institute's research department. Statement issued by the South African Institute of Race Relations, January 30 2012 Ref: http://www.politicsweb.co.za/politicsweb/view/politicsweb/en/page72308?oid=277783& sn=Marketingweb+detail&pid=90389

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SAIRR's comparison misleading - PRASA Mosenngwa Mofi - 30 January 2012 Many deaths on railways due to suicides or reckless behaviour by passengers and pedestrians

PRASA RESPONDS TO ALLEGATIONS MADE BY THE SOUTH AFRICAN INSTITUTE OF RACE RELATIONS (SAIRR) The Rail Operations division of the Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (PRASA) is disappointed at the statements alleging a high-fatality rate within passenger rail operations by the South African Institute of Race Relations (SAIRR). A clear distinction must be made between incidents resulting from reckless behaviour by members of the public such as staff-riding, train surfing, level crossing accidents, people dying as a result of cable theft, including illegal crossing of active railway lines, as opposed to legitimate operational accidents. The majority of people who are killed in the railway environment are those who are struck by trains, including level crossing accidents, and not necessarily employees. In most of these cases, suicide is suspected to be the cause as it is generally easier to access the railway line given the openness of the railway system and proximity to settlements. In most of these cases, the cause is largely attributed to conduct of members of the public rather than the operator, and it would be incorrect to compare mine accidents, which lead to employee fatalities with incidences involving members of the public who are either struck by trains or involved in level crossing accidents. It is equally important to understand that the fatalities referred to by the SAIRR do not relate to our own employees as is the case within the mining sector, but are as a result of unsafe behaviour by members of the public in our environment. Over the last three years joint safety campaigns have been mounted by PRASA in partnership with other stakeholders such as Transnet Freight Rail, Railway Safety Regulator and the Railway Police to focus on areas that have the highest impact on personal safety, and we continue to prioritise such campaigns in order to eliminate unsafe behaviour in our environment and reduce the number of fatalities. 83


We are disappointed that the SAIRR finds the need for comparison when it comes to the loss of human life. Any fatality, no matter what the number is, is one life too many, and all efforts must be put in place to avoid any further fatalities and preserve the lives of our people. Whilst we acknowledge that safety is a challenge for any transport operator including railways, we caution against statements that purport to compare factors that are simply not comparable. Statement issued by Mosenngwa Mofi, CEO PRASA Rail Operations, January 30 2012

Outside South Africa: Oldest Electric Railway: Brighton, UK - Bruce Jones Hennie, Visit http://www.urban75.org/blog/volks-electric-railway-and-the-fabulously-eccentric-seasiderailway-brighton/ Bruce Jones

Union Pacific: Rules Are Rules – Talitha Randlehoff The Good News: It was a normal day in Sharon Springs, Kansas, when a Union Pacific crew boarded a loaded coal train for the long trek to Salina. The Bad News: Just a few miles into the trip a wheel bearing became overheated and melted, letting a metal support drop down and grind on the rail, creating white hot molten metal droppings spewing down to the rail. The Good News: A very alert crew noticed smoke about halfway back in the train and immediately stopped the train in compliance with the Rules. The Bad News: The train stopped with the hot wheel over a wooden bridge with creosote ties and trusses. The crew tried to explain to higher-ups, but were instructed not to move the train! They were instructed that the Rules prohibit moving the train when a part is defective! 84


Filler: Blue Train Staff Car

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SADF in the Angolan War The interesting war photograph below is exhibited in the Recce’s Museum in Pretoria. I saw the photograph and Paul Els, a former Recce and author, got our readers a copy of the photograph, which is published below. This SADF photograph is of an Angolan supply train. The photograph dates from the war in Angola and was taken by a “small team” (kleinspan) of Recces during the war.

Pandora’s Box Anything can come out of Pandora’s Box, here are a few random pictures received this month:

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- Canadian Rail inspection cars

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Mail Bag Spyker Nylor has sent an interesting account old a civil case involving the Cape Government Railways and a farmer regarding cows that were hit by a train. See next month’s issue. We have a few items that was not placed in this issue, once again thank you to Rudi Venter for all his interesting photographs, in particular photographs of electric masts.

Stop Pres -

Indemnity / Vrywaring The The Ulolwe contains various and sundry personal opinions of different correspondents and the compiler of The Ulolwe cannot be held responsible for any of their comments. To ensure the accuracy of the information herein, every precaution has been taken, however neither the Editor nor a Contributor can be held liable for any inaccuracies or damages that may arise. Die Ulolwe bevat die uiteenlopende en diverse persoonlike menings van verskillende korrespondente en die opsteller van Die Ulolwe kan nie vir enige deel van die inhoud daarvan in sy persoonlike hoedanigheid verantwoordelik gehou word nie. Enige advertensies of enige sake voortspruitend is tussen u en die ander party.

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Good Bye! Jacque Wepener

Next Issue The next issue of “The Ulolwe” will be Vol 3 No 4 and will be published, DV, sometime during April 2012 – Please send in your comments, anecdotes and photographs. Walk Tall! & Take care!

Stuur solank julle stories, briewe, foto’s en feite – Mooi loop!

Hennie Heymans – Pretoria, ZA. © 2012 heymanshb@gmail.com

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