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Formosa (2009) Seidlung Halen (1961)

Grand Union Walk (1988) Housing Complex Rotterdamerstrasse (1996) Case Study: The Study of Typologies

Jamie See Juan Vazzquez Nayeli Giron


Table of Content Project 1 - Siedlung Halen Basic Information Sit Plan & Floor Plans Sections & Elevation Analysis

2 3 4 5-6

Project 2 - Housing Complex Rotterdamerstrasse Basic Information Site , Plan and Ventilation Analysis Circulation Circulation & Public vs Private Analysis

7 8 9 10 11

Project 3 - Formosa Basic Information Site and Plan Analysis Circulation & Public vs Private Analysis

12 13 14 15-16

Project 4 - Grand Union Walk Basic Information Site Plan Analysis Unit Analysis Analysis

17 18 19 20-22

Conclusion

23 1


Project 1 Basic Information

Project name

:

Seidlung Halen

Project architect

:

Atelier 5

Date built

:

1961

Location

:

Bern, Switzerland

Typogy

:

Row Housing

Project density

:

Low rise high density

Number of units

:

79

Number of unit types

:

2

Private outdoor space per dwelling unit (ratio of indoor to outdoor)

:

2.5:1

Parking spaces per dwelling unit

:

At least 1 per unit

2


Project 1 - Seldlung Halen Bern, Switzerland

Floor Plan

House Type

Site Plan 3


Project 1 - Seldlung Halen Bern, Switzerland

            +                    +                   = SIEDLUNG HALEN

Section through the site

Section perspective 4


Project 1 - Seldlung Halen Bern, Switzerland The concept of this building is a modern architectural language that is highly influenced by Le Corbusier. This concept helps to produce a high-density suburban community that emphasize the correlation with nature and create a strong connection between private homes and communal spaces

Space distribution Material In Halen, the structure is shaped by raw concrete. The reinforced concrete that is used in the main facades and elements supports the structure of cross walls while using as a primary structure that use as partitions. 5


Project 2 Basic Information

Project name

:

Housing Complex

Project architect

:

Herman Hertzberger

Date built

:

1996

Location

:

DĂźren, Germany

Typogy

:

Permier Block

Project density

:

247569.94 sf/ = 5.68 x 232 = 1,317.76

Number of units

:

232

Number of unit types

:

3

Private outdoor space per dwelling unit (ratio of indoor to outdoor)

:

3:1

Parking spaces per dwelling unit

:

At least 1 per unit

7


Project 2 - Housing Complex Rotterdamerstrasse DĂźren, Germany

Exit Stairways Parking and Driveway Pedestrian Walkway Public Private / Residential

Site Plan

Unit Type A Unit Type B

Unit Analysis

Natural Lighting & Ventilation

Unit Type C

8


Project 2 - Housing Complex Rotterdamerstrasse DĂźren, Germany

Circulation

Roof Opening A shading device allows natural sunlight to the units through the roof openings. 9


Project 2 - Housing Complex Rotterdamerstrasse Dßren, Germany In Duren, an urban intimacy is created by the open central courtyards that are created as communal spaces. The House Complex produces this idea, and adds a playground to the courtyard. In addition, the perimeter block has been turned inside out, as the units’ private gardens/spaces have been shifted to the exterior of the block and the streets to run through the interior, by doing so, urbanism is incorporated. Still, the staircases play and essential role, as they provide the basis for balconies that look over to the courtyard

Private / Bedrooms Kitchen and Bathroom

Circulation

Public vs Private 10

Public / Living


Project 3 Basic Information

Project name

:

Formosa

Project architect

:

Lorcan O’Herlihy

Date built

:

2009

Location

:

West Hollywood, Los Angeles

Typogy

:

Slab Housing

Cost per sf

:

$240 per sf

Project density

:

16000 sf/ 43560 = .37 x 11 = 4.04

Number of units

:

11

Number of unit types

:

2

Private outdoor space per dwelling unit : 1,294 - 1,458 sf 4,600 sq ft outdoor space (Community Park) 4,600/11 = 418 sf per dwelling unit

12


Unit Analysis

Project 3 - Formosa West Hollywood, Los Angeles

Private/Individual Units Subterranean Parking Entrance

Unit Type 1

Entrance

Unit 1 Unit Type 2 Unit 2, 4, 7, 9, 11

Public/Communal Park

(Repetition)

Unit 3, 5, 8, 10 (Mirrored)

Site Plan Analysis

Unit Type 3 Unit 6

Bedroom

Bedroom

Bedroom

Bedroom

Study/ Bedroom

Bedroom

Kitchen

Study/ Bedroom Kitchen

Study/ Bedroom Kitchen

Study/ Bedroom Kitchen

Study/ Bedroom Kitchen

Living Living Bedroom

Bedroom

Bedroom

Bedroom

Bedroom Living

Unit Analysis

13

Living

Living

Living

Living


Project 3 - Formosa West Hollywood, Los Angeles

Subterranean Parking

Private Public

Circulation

Public vs Private 14


Project 3 - Formosa West Hollywood, Los Angeles The plan was driven by the idea of emphasizing the open space that is shared by the community and the residents, by taking the interior open space of the courtyard and moving it to the exterior of the building, and therefore creating a park. The organization of the units allow the building to have cross- ventilation and ‘park frontage’.

Subterranean Parking

Parking Driveway

Study/ Bedroom

Study/ Bedroom

Study/ Bedroom

Study/ Bedroom

Study/ Bedroom

Kitchen Kitchen

Kitchen

Kitchen

Kitchen

Living

Living

Kitchen Living Living

Living

Living

Path to Subterranean Parking

Residential and Community Park

Exit Routes

Human Safety

Pedestrian & Automobile Relationships 15


Project 4 Basic Information

Project name

:

Grand Union Walk

Project architect

:

Nicholas Grimshaw

Date built

:

1988

Location

:

London (Camden Park)

Typogy

:

Row/ Terrace

Cost per sf

:

$199.77/sf

Project density

:

113,021 sf/43,560 = 2.59460 Acres x 12 = 31.14

Number of units

:

12

Number of unit types

:

3

Private outdoor space per dwelling unit

:

499 sf

Parking spaces per dwelling unit

:

Adjacent parking lot

17


Project 4 - Grand Union Walk London (Camden Park) The Grand Union Canal Walk Houses exist as a result of Sans-bury supermarket wanting to develop something on a narrow piece of land that was ultimately left over land. The strip of land was created after a traffic planner layed out the turning circle of a semi truck which would service the Market place. The turning circle which took up a large amount of space ultimately created a long slender sliver of land which was thought to be unbuildable at the time as commercial and public parking and driveways where located just a few feet away from the buildings property line. By blocking off the noise and heavy traffic of the supermarket and surrounding streets with the use of a sound wall, Grimshaw is able to provide a quaint private space for the residents just feet away from the bustling town marketplace. The units feature a long slender walkway that runs parallel to the canal and leads resi-dents to their front door. Circulation is centralized through a large stairwell at the heart of the unit which runs the full height of the building. Terraces are provided for every unit on both the 2nd floor and rooftop while parking is located at the adjacent lot just on the other side of the sound wall.

Pa r

kin g

Sansbury Market

Tu r

ni

ng

Ci rc

le

l

a Can Water Road Private Walkway Sound wall

Site Plan Analysis

Entrance

18

Units


Project 4 - Grand Union Walk London (Camden Park) Unit Analysis Grand Union Walk consists of 12 units 10 of which are identical and are organized in a repetitive linear pattern with shared party walls. The other 2 units are smaller residences one of which is a loft apartment and the last being a one bedroom mezzanine apartment. All units consist of a modern aesthetic that focus primarily on materiality and celestial light to light the space as well as balconies and terraces to bring the outdoors into the space.

Private

Public

Pedestrian and AUtomobile Relationship The pedestrians relationship with the site is primarily along the canal walkway leading to the front of the homes. This walkway while providing a private pathway to the units is also meant as a communal space for residents who like to walk down by the water. The balconies and terraces located in every unit also cantilever over the walkway providing a private outdoor space for every unit, giving a sense of waterfront living even from the top stories.The automobile relationship with the site is more closely related to the market place just on the other side of the sound wall. By creating the soundwall, to provide better living conditions for the unit, the architect ultimately removes any real relationship between the units and the automobile. 19


Project 4 - Grand Union Walk London (Camden Park) The concept of the project was centered around the development of the Sansbury supermarket located on the same site as the row houses. The project architect, Grimshaw and Associates, who at the time designed very modern, “Hi tech� buildings, decided to incorporate the same design into the development of the supermar-ket which then influenced the design of the row houses. The site which is located off the Grand union canal, has an industrial history which strongly influenced the design and development of both the market and the row houses. Using a modern take on the industrial past of the site, both the market and row houses create an idea of modern Hi-tech industrial space through the use of industrial mate-rials, distinct shapes and innovative ideas of space management.

20


Conclusion

In all four of our case study projects we were able to get an in depth look into what makes a great housing project. From large terraced sites that consume a hillside, to small slivers of land on the edge of a commercial lot, the four case study projects illustrate successful executions of housing projects that properly asses their site, living conditions and create a larger sense of community. The Rotterdamerstrasse Housing Complex in Duren Germany, approaches the needs of the people by expressing the courtyard typology. By centralizing communal spaces in the center of the development and creating a neighborhood like feel, the housing project creates its own personal neighborhood within the central courtyard. The Seldlung Halen Housing Development in Bern Switzerland tackles the same issues of livability but through the use of hillside terracing which provides exterior private and communal spaces atop the roof tops of the staggered buildings. Using design and materials as an important aspect in its design the Seldlung Halen complex creates the same sense of community in its design but through an approach that focuses less on the structure and more in to the natural site, providing more of an egalitarian sense of community. For Formosa 1140 this project strives to create a sense of community in a more urban context. Being situated in a city with a lack of public spaces Formosa seeks to create community at a bigger scale by limiting its footprint and freeing the site for a public park. Using the small pocket park as both communal space for residents and the city this complex creates a larger sense of community with a small footprint. Being the smallest of all our projects the project uses every square foot to the fullest providing exterior circulation which also function as communal outdoor spaces. The final case study project Grand union Walk uses aspect similar to those of Formosa but with the row house aesthetic. Using exterior hallways to provide circulation for all the units, the architect uses this adjoining hallway adjacent to the canal to create a serene private space for the residents. Due to the sites limited footprint the architect designed the units to incorporate terraces that cantilever over the walkway and look straight out to the canal. These private terraces ultimately fail to create the sense of community that has been illustrated in the past three case studies but ultimately functions as an essential aspect of the livability of the compact units. Although all the case study housing complex illustrate different typologies and responses to distinct sites they share the similarity of creating successful housing that can be seen as natural extensions of their site.

22


Project 1 - Seldlung Halen Bern, Switzerland Livability The Halen focus on children and the family as a nature structure. It is a modern garden suburb for the well-off midddle class

6


Project 2 - Housing Complex Rotterdamerstrasse DĂźren, Germany Material Steel rods are used to hold the shading device. Livability The housing complex offers a courtyard, along with many views to it. Residents are given the opportunity to live in a building that although sticks to the typology in Duren, reverses it as well, by playing with the courtyard and putiing a park and street that connects to the parking lot.

11


Project 3 - Formosa West Hollywood, Los Angeles Perforated Metal Used to articulate public and private realms It is revealing and concealing, and it keeps the west facing units cooler, as it acts as a screen and shading device.

Livability

Fromosa 1140 offers a public space back to the city, and a private development. Therefore, Residents are allowed the opportunity to enjoy a community park just outside of their unit.

Natural Light and Ventilation

Structural System 16


Project 4 - Grand Union Walk London (Camden Park) Material In constructing the Grand Union Canal Row houses the architect sought to use materials that represented an Industrial/ Hi tech aesthetic. Using bus windows to provide apertures, aluminum panels for the facade, and a large in-dustrial glass bus door for the main wall in the living space, Grimshaw saw to continue a futuristic aesthetic to the design which was common of his work in the 80’s. Natural Lighting

Ventillation

Natural Light and Ventilation Celestial light is used through the design of a double height space in the center of the townhomes. Because the southern facade of the homes lack any apertures, the use of light from above plays a major component in lighting the space. The use of natural light also lead to the incorporation of a large industrial glazed garage door that opens up the main living space allowing light in and opens up the space to the outdoors. 21

Profile for Juan Vazquez

ARC 3020 Typology Case Study - Group 36 (Nayeli G, Jamie S, Juan V)  

ARC 3020 Typology Case Study - Group 36 (Nayeli G, Jamie S, Juan V)  

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