History of Pakistan The history of Pakistan which, for the period that precedes the foundation of the nation in 1947, it is shared intermittently by Afghanistan, India and Iran It is possible to date until the beginning of the human life in the South of Asia. Pakistan spreads towards the west up to the subcontinent of the India and in the eastern part up to the border with the Iranian altiplane. The current region of Pakistan used as fertile land for some of the most important civilizations as the south of Asia and as door of entry of the subcontinent to Middle East and Central Asia. Pakistan is a home of some of the most important archaeological sites, including the most ancient deposit of hominids of the Pal eolithic in the south of Asia, located in the valley of the river Soan. Placed in the first route of coastal migration of the anatomical modern homo sapiens on having gone out of Africa, the region was lived from early by modern human beings. 9000 years of history of the life in villages in the south of Asia, it goes back to the Neolithic one (7000-4300 B.C.) thinking in Mehrgarh's deposit in Pakistan, and 5000 years of urban history in the south of Asia in
several sites of the valley of the Indus, that it includes Moheny贸-Daro and Jarapa. The subsequent millennia saw the current region of Pakistan absorbing many influences, which representations can be found at the site of Taxila, representing the Buddhist period, the Greco-Buddhist site of Takht-i-Bahi, Sindhi-Islamic monuments of Thatta, belonging to the fourteenth century, and Mughal monuments built in the seventeenth century Lahore fort. From the s. Century, the region was gradually appropriated by the British Company of the West Indies, resulting in 90 years of continued British rule, and ending with the creation of Pakistan in 1947, through the efforts, among others, his future national poet Allama Iqbal and its founder, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Since then, the country has experienced democratic and military governments, giving results in periods of significant military and economic growth and also other instability, the latter the most significant was that resulted in the secession, in 1971, East Pakistan, which became Banglades
The golden age From the 3rd century B.C. to the 5th century of our age, the part northwest of the subcontinent of the India fell down under the continuous one of invasions on behalf of sakas, childbirths, kushanos and Huns Turk - Iranian. There exists the conjecture of which the Iranian tribes existed in the west of Pakistan from a period very early and which the tribes Pashtun were living about Peshawar's area before the period of Alexander the Great, tribe to whom Heródoto that refers as Paktui, known for being a fearsome pagan tribe similar to the bactrios. The tribes balochi of Iran did not arrive but up to the first millenium of our age and could not expand so much as the Sindh up to the second one.
Maurya Dynasty Maurya dynasty lasted about 180 years, almost as long as the domain Achaemenid, and began with Chandragupta Maurya. Chandragupta lived in Taxila and met Alejandro, having the opportunity to observe the Macedonian army. He formed his own army using Macedonian tactics to overthrow the Nanda Dynasty in Magadha. Following the death of Alexander on 10 June 323. C., its diadochi (general) founded their own kingdoms in Asia Minor and Central Asia.
The Maurya Empire at its greatest territorial extension, by the year 265. C., in times of Aśoka the Great
General Seleucus formed his Seleucid Empire, which included the region of Pakistan. Chandragupta Maurya, taking advantage of the fragmentation of power following the death of Alexander, invaded and captured Punjab and Gandhara. After the eastern Seleucid Empire was dissolved to form the Bactrian Empire (III-II century. C.). Chandragrupta's grandson, Ashoka, is known as the Maurya Emperor largest. Reigned between 273 and 232. C. Converted to Buddhism, Ashoka ruled most of South Asia and parts of Central Asia, from Afghanistan to Bengal and current coming south to Mysore. He converted to Buddhism after the remorse of conscience following his bloody conquest of Kalinga kingdom (in Orissa). Save in stone sent Edicts of Asoka. Almost all edicts of Asoka found in Pakistan are written in Aramaic (which was the lingua franca of the Achaemenid Empire) or Kharosthi, which is believed to derived from Aramaic.
Period grecobudista Period grecobudista The grecobudismo, is the cultural syncretism between the culture of the classic Greece and the Buddhism, which developed during a period closely of 800 years in the area of what now corresponds to Afghanistan and Pakistan, between the 4th century B.C. and the V. The grecobudismo influenced the artistic development (and possibly conceptual) of the Buddhism, especially of the Buddhism mahayana, before it was adopted as Central Asia and Northwest in the 1st century of our age, and finally China, Korea and Japan being dispersed.
Buddha image in Greco-Buddhist style The interaction between Hellenistic Greece and Buddhism started when Alexander the Great (Tokyo National conquered Asia Minor and Central Asia in the year 327. C., crossing the Indus and the Jhelum until the Beas. Thus, the contact was initiated between Greece and India, the birthplace of Buddhism. Alexander founded several cities in the conquered territories, especially in the areas of the Amu Darya and Bactria, Greek settlements expanding into the Khyber Pass, Gandhara and Punjab. These regions correspond to the only passage between the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush, through which came most of the contacts between India and Central Asia, generating intense cultural exchange and trade. After Alexander's death, on 10 June 323. C., the diรกdocos founded their own kingdoms in Asia Minor and Central Asia. General Seleucus I Nicator who established the Seleucid Empire extended to India. Later, the eastern part of the empire was separated to form the United grecobactriano (between III and II century a.), Which would be replaced between the second century and the BC. C. by the Indo-Greek Kingdom, and between I and III by the Kushan Empire. The contact between Greek and Buddhist cultures took place for several centuries until the V century. C. with the invasions of the Huns and the subsequent spread of Islam.