INTRODUCTION Biology is the science that aims to study living things and, more specifically, its origin, its evolution and its properties: nutrition, morphogenesis, reproduction, pathogenesis, etc. It deals with both the description of the characteristics and behaviors of individual organisms and species as a whole, as well as the reproduction of living things and the interactions between them and the environment . Thus, attempts to study the structure and functional dynamics common to all living beings, in order to establish the general laws governing organic life and is fundamental explanatory principles . The word "biology" in its modern sense appears to have been introduced independently by Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus (Biologie oder Philosophie der Natur Lebenden , 1802 ) and Jean - Baptiste Lamarck ( Hydrogeology , 1802 ). Generally said that the term was coined in 1800 by Karl Friedrich Burdach , although it is mentioned in the title of the third volume of Philosophiae naturalis sive physicae dogmaticĂŚ: Geology, Biology, Dendrology Phytologia et generalis, Michael Christoph Hanov and published in 1766.
FIELDS OF STUDY Biology is a scientific discipline that encompasses a wide spectrum of fields of study often treated as separate disciplines. All together they study life over a wide range of scales. Life is studied atomic and molecular scale in molecular biology, biochemistry and molecular genetics. From the cellular perspective, studies in cell biology and multicellular scale studied in physiology, anatomy and histology. From the point of view of ontogeny or development of organisms at the individual level, studies in developmental biology . When the field is expanded to more than one agency, the operation is genetic heredity from parents to offspring. The science that deals with the behavior of groups is ethology , ie more than one individual. Population genetics observes and analyzes an entire population and is the systematic genetic lineages between species. Interdependent populations and their habitats are discussed in ecology and evolutionary biology. A new field of study is astrobiology (or xenobiology ), which studies the possibility of life beyond Earth. The classifications of living beings are very numerous. Are proposed from the traditional division into two kingdoms established by Carl Linnaeus in the seventeenth century , between animals and plants, to the current proposals cladistic system with three domains comprising over 20 kingdoms .
SUB-BRANCHES OF BIOLOGY : Anatomy: The study of the internal and external structure of living things . Anthropology : study of man as a biological entity . Biology epistemological philosophical study of the origin of biological concepts . Marine biology : the study of marine life . Biomedicine : branch of biology applied to human health . Biochemistry : are chemical processes that take place inside living things. Botany : study of photosynthetic organisms (several kingdoms) .
Cytology : study of cells . Cytogenetics : the study of the genetics of cells ( chromosomes). Cytopathology : study of cell diseases . Cytochemistry : a study of the chemical composition of cells and biological processes . Ecology: study of organisms and their relationships with each other and with the environment. Embryology : study of embryo development. Entomology : study of insects . Ethology : study of the behavior of living things.
Evolution : study of change and transformation of species over time . Phylogeny : a study of the evolution of living beings . Physiology : study of the relationship between the organs. Genetics : study of genes and heredity. Molecular genetics : studies the structure and function of genes at a molecular level . Histology : study of tissues . Histochemistry : study of the chemical composition of cells and tissues and to the chemical reactions taking place in them by using specific dyes . Immunology study immune defense system . Mycology : study of fungi . Microbiology : study of microorganisms . Organography : study of organ systems. Paleontology : study of organisms that lived in the past. Taxonomy : study classifies and orders living beings . Virology : study of viruses . Zoology : animal study.
THIS TIME WE WILL TALK ABOUT ... Neurology, after thinking a little biology is the main term but this time it will be a ramification of what it has to do with medicine which is still biology but in a more specific manner and possibly unconventional to many, but you know this is similar to a column of opinion and this is my opinion on the following pages will draft a summary of what is and what neurology covering.
NEUROLOGY, AN IMPORTANT BRANCH OF BIOLOGY IN MEDICINE Neurology is the medical specialty that deals with diseases of the brain, spinal cord, the column that contains the sensory and motor nerves, muscles and autonomic system. Therefore, its scope is vast and complex. In the early 70s, the UC College of Medicine Neurology creates his chair which had a spectacular development until today . Currently, all branches of the University Health Network has one of the best coverage of the country in the specialty . With educational resources. The Department of Neurology has trained more than a hundred of the highest clinical neurologists, academics and researchers who are currently in charge of neurology at various universities and clinical fields. Furthermore, in recent years there have been many teacher assistance programs in areas such as Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke, Parkinson 's Disease, Dementia, Epilepsy, Sleep and Neuromuscular Diseases . All Department of Neurology academic training in foreign institutions at the highest level .
PROCEDURES: • Electroencephalography • Electromyography • Polysomnography Areas of work: • Epilepsy • Sleep Disorders • Neuromuscular Disease • Cerebrovascular Diseases • Neuro-oncology