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Tai O

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TA I O Tai O is a small fishing village in lantau, Hong Kong. Its population is mainly of very old age. It has many famous attractions that tourists love to visit because of its exotic architecture and beautiful natural .qualities. To the left is the Tai O ferry harbour where shrimp boats and ferries go. This is where locals and others can travel to other places

CONTENTS page 2- How to read a map page 3- Absolute and Relative location page 4- Geography page 5- Cultural Aspects page 6-Human Systems page 7-Group article page 8- Bibliography


TAI O May 30, 2011

How to read a Map By Jeremy Jurecka

What is a map? A map is a two dimensional depiction of an area of land or sea used to help find our way, give directions, and locate places. Map directions are normally dictated by the directions on a compass. This means north will be the top of the map, therefore south at the bottom, east on the right, and west on the left.

Why do we use maps? Maps are essential to find and locate places, and to get around. Maps make it easier for people to travel and make it to their destination. If you know how to read a map, you will be able to make your way around, even in new places and foreign countries.

Maps often consist of: •

Scales and Map Distance

Maps often have a ‘scale’ that shows earth distance in relation to distance on the map. For example, 1cm on the map may equal 1km in earth distance.

To the right is a map that locates tai O on the island of lantau, Hong Kong


Map direction

In order to read a map, you have to know which way it points. The top of the map usually points north, and this can be confirmed by finding a cross at the top of most maps, with the top arrow labelled as North or ‘N’.

Map legend

Maps often have a ‘map legend’, which comprises of symbols including colours, signs and pictures to symbolize a certain thing. For example, on a park map you will find a picture of cutlery to signify somewhere to eat.

TAI O MAY 30, 2011

Absolute: By Daniel McGrath:

Absolute location is the location of a place or thing that is given to someone through very specific terms and wording, or numbers and addresses and latitude and longitude, e.g. E123’456”111, S4’594”123 or #14 on Bellwether St. Absolute location in Geography is an important factor because it gives exact coordinates or instructions to a specific place that you could perhaps be in a rush to, or an important event is going on there and it also is just better to give exact location because it is easier for the person going there. Tai

O’s absolute location can it’s easy to find a way be expressed easily, and there. it can also be given direction to easily, Tai O’s absolute location is important because it is quite difficult to find if you do not know where you’re going but if you’re told the absolute location


Above is a man rowing a boat from his house to another location.


By Daniel Mcgrath Relative location is the location of a place or thing that you have been given directions to in relative terms. What this means is say you have been told how to get to a restaurant. But they don’t know the absolute or exact location so they tell you how to get there by giving directions using other places and things, e.g. ‘The restaurant is down near the old church, by the river’ that is relative location,

because it is located relatively near another place. Tai O is a place that is a great place to exercise relative location because it has quite a few notable buildings spread out in the town. But relative location can sometimes be painful because you may not know where the reference to your destination is, so you might need to find that out, so absolute location is mostly better because it gives you the exact coordinates of a location.

TAI O MAY 30 2011

Geography By Juan Mabanta

Tai O is one of the oldest areas in Lantau, Hong Kong. It is called “the Venice of Hong Kong and it’s inhabited by the Tanka people. It is a fishing village with a culture that is over 200 years old. Tai O’s population is of very old age. Tai O is a large port for shipping boats. It is a very diverse area. It has many different kinds of physical features.


The landforms that Tai O contains are the bay its in, where the water runs throughout the village and there is a river up stream. There are also mangroves that are all around Tai O; the mangroves are where most of the salt farming is being done. Tai O is a very jungle river area.

TAI O May 30, 2011

Cultural Aspects By Jeremy Jurecka

Tai O is a fishing village and a very historical place in Lantau Island, Hong Kong. Tai O has been a major fishing port and supported a fisherman lifestyle for nearly 300 years. Tao O is known for its stilt houses, fishing, salt farming industry, and aging population. Tai O has now recently become a tourism hub, as many people look to find the ‘authentic’ Hong Kong lifestyle experience, as Tai O has not gone through much development as of late. Tai O is very aged, and has been called ‘the Venice of Hong Kong’. Tai O is home to Pink Dolphin spotting in recent years, although they are extremely rare and on the decline. Tai O life starts very early in the morning, as many families go out to work early, or fish in the early hours of the day. Shops and markets open around 6AM in some areas, but even earlier in others. Because the day starts so early, Tai O also closes down and prepares for the next day around 6-7pm. Tai O is quite run down, with many stilt-houses still damaged by a recent fire in the year 2000, and many have not been re-built, since many residents do not have enough money to finance the repair of their homes and have moved out because of this. These abandoned stilt-homes are still owned by their respective owners after the damage, but have been empty for years because they cannot be sold, or repaired. Tai O is slowly declining as the population ages, and the young people from the area have moved out to the city, and other areas in and around Hong Kong. Soon there won’t be enough people to work and live in Tai O and eventually it will dwindle out. This is why it is important to let people know about Tai O, it’s unique lifestyle, and the traditions of Tai O.


TAI O May 30, 2011

Human Systems By Daniel McGrath

Tai O’s human system has been

of Tai O is interesting in how it has been

developed as they have adapted to their

adapted in many different ways. They

physical system, which is mostly water, they

adapted to the salty, briny air and water, and

live on a river mouth that opens into the

created salt farms, a once upon a time major

ocean, so clearly they’re main source of food/ source of income, they adapted to the ocean trade/attraction will be fishing. But because

by fishing and fishing, and creating the income

Tai O is right on the ocean, they have

they have today. Tai O is adaptive, and I think

developed the land next to it, into salt

they’ll be able to adapt to the future, although

plantations, the amount of salt in Tai O is very

it will be close as they are a ways behind in

high, so their other source of income is salt.

technology, but are slowly catching up.

Tai O’s accommodation has also been adapted to their surroundings. What do I mean? I mean stilt houses, or; ‘pang uk’ in Mandarin. The stilt houses are hot tourist spots as people are interested in them and their scenic view. Stilt houses were originally created because building near the water was too dangerous, as the tides change significantly in Tai O and these stilt house provide protection from the dangerous tides, as people can drown in the river and ocean. The traditional vibe of stilt houses is actually a really good feeling because it can feel like your part of the culture and history of Tai O. The human development and settlement


TAI O May 30, 2011


Attractions By Juan Mabanta

Tai O has quite a few famous attractions that tourists go there to see. The physical attractions that can be found in Tai O are very interesting. They are the white dolphins in the bay, which can be toured by tourist boats built by Tai O. Tai O’s other physical attraction is the sunset which is one of the most beautiful natural attraction there is to offer there and anywhere in Lantau. Tai O is an area of Lantau that is commonly visited by tourists. Tai O is split up from the other parts of Lantau because of a river that divides the north and the west Lantau. It is still a part

“Tai O is one of the most amazing places to be in Hong Kong. Just being there takes you back in time to see the way fishermen in Hong Kong lived. Juan Mabanta

of Lantau because of bridges that connects the sides of it. Tai O is physically one of the most diverse communities in Lantau. It still has a community that is very old and its architecture is incredibly unique to its environment. Its history is far greater than a lot of Hong Kong. Tai O to me is like a time machine into the past. Its aging community is a big problem in Tai O.




Stilt Houses

Shrimp Boats

By Jeremy Jurecka

By Juan Mabanta

By Daniel McGrath

There are some talks as of late to modernise Tai-O, as it is quite rundown, aged and old, but this is what makes Tai-O what it is today, and although it is not as prosperous as it once was, the architecture and building styles are almost iconic for Tai-O. Tai is known for it’s stilt-houses, and doing these over would take away from the cultural experience. The dock is also quite rundown, but this gives the village it’s feel, and is still functioning fine. Tai-O’s residents are also aging, and they would not be very active in any development that could or would happen. If the government was to fund the modernization of Tai-O, it may have the unintended effect of pushing away potential tourists as they may not be interested in the historic fishing village if it was done over. Modernizing Tai-O would achieve very little and would be ultimately unavailing.

Tai O is one of the most diverse areas in Lantau and all of Hong Kong. It’s scenery and architecture is a one of a kind attraction. One of Tai O’s most famous attractions are the stilt houses. Stilt houses were first built when the first fishermen went to Tai O and wanted to be able to have a shelter or home to keep their family while they were out at sea. The stilt houses themselves are actual historic houses built in the olden days before world war one. Stilt houses back in the day, were built by using wood the fishermen found and being placed on wooden stilts. Nowadays stilt houses are using more modern technology to remake themselves and stay slightly more current. In my opinion Tai O’s stilt houses should stay the way they are because these houses are a part of Cantonese history that should be remembered. Tai O’s stilt houses are the core of Tai O’s tourism.

Tai O is a very unique place. The fishing in Tai O is it’s life blood and main source of income, even though they have salt farms, fishing is what makes Tai O, Tai O. The shrimp boats of Tai O are iconic, and known throughout Lantau Island. On the shrimp boats, the fishermen and sometimes fisherwomen wake up at 12 midnight, and fish until 7 in the morning, and after that they go to the famous wet-markets of Tai O and try to sell/hawk their catches. Today, Tai O shrimp boats only catch 9-10kg of shrimp, 10 years ago, they used to catch over 9000kg. This just shows how depleted and whittled-down the shrimp population has become. Because this is Tai O’s main source of income they can’t afford to give it up, so they cannot change this way of life, otherwise their poverty could increase over the years if they stop.The salt farms of Tai O are another source of income for the people of Tai O. The salt farms of Tai O were the biggest source of income as most of the people worked on them, and they have produced 1512 metric tons of salt to date. Salt farms are just square or sometimes rectangle pieces of land that are kept very dry and above water to make sure the moisture from the sea don’t affect the salt production. The salt farms of Tai O are little used now, as they are finding other ways to make money. I think the salt farms should be used for land reclamation, because of the little amount of use and money they provide the people of Tai O, so this is a good idea to use that land as land reclamation because they don’t need the income as much as the housing, and the elderly need a better clinic and healthcare, so perhaps that could be implemented.

Bibliography Tai O Fishing Village A Unique Experience . (n.d.). Travel Articles -  EzineMark -  Free Content Article Directory  . Retrieved June 6, 2011, from DSwede. (n.d.). Tai O Travel Guide - VirtualTourist. Travel Guides, Hotel Reviews, Photos, Forums, Deals Retrieved June 6, 2011, from http:// Tai_O-1082957/TravelGuide-Tai_O.html Tai O - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved June 6, 2011, fromhttp:// Tai O fishing village, Tai O fishing village Hong Kong, Tai O fishing town, Hong Kong Tai O fishing village Photos, Picutures, Reviews.. (n.d.). China Tour, China tours Agency, China Travel, China Travel Tours , Travel to China, Guide for your tours in China. Retrieved June 6, 2011, from http://

Tai O by Team Juan