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The USA "Stars & Stripes": The 50 stars on the flag represent the 50 states and the 13 stripes represent the thirteen British colonies that rebelled against the British monarchy and became the first states in the Union.

History In 1492 Christopher Columbus discovered the "New World". In 1607 an English settlement is founded in Jamestown, Virginia. Twelve years later the first African slaves are brought to the area. In 1620, English pilgrims settle in Massachusetts. At the 18th century the colonial settlers rebel against British rule on the east coast. After the War of Independence, 13 colonies sign the Declaration of Independence and form the USA (1776).

During the 19th and 20th centuries the north and south of the country fight in the Civil War. The north won and 37 new states are added. In October of 1929 the stock market crash and it formed the great depression. Also black people fight to obtain equal rights. Nowadays The USA is a world superpower that has been victim of terrorist attacks and the world still remembers the attack to the twin towers. It has recently pulled out from war in Irak & Afghanistan. Obama is now present president.

Interesting facts about the USA. • More than 308 million

of people • There isn't only one

religion, it's multicultural. • In the USA there are 50 different states with one federal district. • It has four different time zones. When it is 9am in New York, it is only 6am in L.A.

THE USA IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT SUPERPOWERS IN THE WORLD.

Geography The USA is part of the North American continent. It is one of the largest countries in the world. There are five main geographical areas in the USA. The Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain runs north to south along the Atlantic coast from NY to Mexico. The Appalachian Highlands are a line of low mountain ranges which separate the east coast from the Great Lakes and the Mississippi Basin. The Great Plains lie west of the Mississippi River. They form the USA's most important agricultural area, producing most of the country's grain as well as soya beans and page 1

livestock meats. West of the Great Plains are the Cordilleran Highlands. They include the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada and Cascade mountain ranges and contain some of the highest mountains in the country. Between the two mountain ranges there is large area of desert with spectacular features, such as the Grand Canyon in Arizona. Finally the Pacific Slope includes the valleys of California, Oregon and Washington. The crests of the Rocky Mountains are known as the Continental Divide. The Mississippi is the longest river in the USA. It flows for about 3900 km.

Leyenda que describe una imagen o un gráfico.

Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima is a historic photograph taken on February 23, 1945. There were 5 United States Marines at the World War II

English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


L.A. Los Angeles, often known by its initials L.A., is the most populous city in the state of California, and the second most populous in the United States, after New York City. It has an area of 1,213.8 km2, and is located in Southern California. Is one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world and the second largest in the United States and at the same time is one of the most multicultural. The city's inhabitants are referred to as "Angelenos". Los Angeles was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor. It became a part of Mexico. Later the USA bought the city.

Nowadays Los Angeles has been ranked the third richest city and fifth most powerful and influential city in the world. Nicknamed the City of Angels, Los Angeles is a world center of business, international trade, entertainment, culture, media, fashion, science, sports, technology, and education As the home base of Hollywood, it is also known as the "Entertainment Capital of the World," leading the world in the creation of television and stage production, motion pictures, video games, and recorded music. SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles

New York City New York is a leading global city. It is also an important centre for international affairs, hosting the United Nations headquarters. NY was given its first official name by native America Indians who settled on an island on the Hudson River and called it Manhattan (meaning 'large island'). The name changed to New Amsterdam in 1624 where Dutch settlers bought the island for the equivalent of $26! Finally, when the English took control in 1664 they changed the name to New York in honour of the duke of York. The city also has many nicknames. One of these is 'the big apple', because when you go to Manhattan you pick the big apple of the tree of success. Other nickname like Gotham was used in batman's stories, to speak about 'the city that never sleeps'. The population of New York has grown from only 270 people in 1642 to over 8 million today! It is the most populated city in the USA. 36% of the population was born outside of the states and about 170 different languages are spoken. Some of the city neighborhoods, such as Chinatown, little Italy and Spanish Harlem, reflect the rich ethnic background of the residents' original homelands. SOURCE: Culture links, Black cat.

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English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Top ten things to do/see in L.A. The question in Los Angeles is never what to do, but where to begin.

Getty offers gorgeous views of Los Angeles and the Pacific Ocean.

Disneyland: Offer a true adventure experience. It provides classic fun, featuring Disney Character Parades, shows, and rides.

Hollywood Hiking: The Hollywood sign is an iconic Los Angeles landmark. Los Angeles offers many hiking trails to explore which lead to the celebrated sign and beyond.

Universal Studios: Universal Studios is a cinematic experience which takes guests on a journey through the history of Hollywood film.

Beverly Hills: Home to the rich and famous, Beverly Hills is an independent city within Los Angeles County.

Venice Beach: This is the best idea in summer to run, relax and surfing.

Griffith Park Observatory: Griffith Park is a haven of rest and relaxation for Los Angeles urbanites, and the observatory is the cornerstone of a vast mountain forest. Star tour: The tours take you up into the Hollywood hills showing you the homes where the stars live.

SOURCE: www.virtualtourist.com, www.primetimeshuttle.com, www.travel.aol.com

Hollywood Boulevard: Here is the famous Hollywood Walk of Fame. There are bars and clubs in abundance and at night, comes alive. Sports: Choose from the Dodgers, Angeles Lakers, Clippers, Kings and LA Galaxy. The Getty: This is one of the most beautiful museums in the U.S. The

Hermosa Pier at sunset

Top ten things to do/see in N.Y. Empire State Building at Manhattan center

Statue of Liberty: The Statue of Liberty was a gift to the United States in honor of the friendship established during the French Revolution. The Statue of Liberty has become an American symbol of freedom.

Rockefeller center: This National Historic Landmark is the largest privately owned complex of the world. Comprising 19 impressive buildings

Coney Island: Famed for the Brooklyn Cyclones minor baseball Broadway: Acclaimed as the team and amusement parks, the pinnacle of American theater, Coney Island is a popular resort Broadway is the place to perform peninsula in the southernmost and visit for anybody who is into the Brooklyn and New York's famous performing arts. boardwalk. Central Park: A perfect place to Lincoln Center for the Performing escape the frenetic din of a city life. Arts: Home to New York's 12 premier art institutions like the Empire State Building: One of the Metropolitan Opera, the New beloved and world-recognized York City Ballet, the New York landmarks of NY. Philharmonic or Lincoln Center Metropolitan Museum of Art ranks as Theater. one of the world's greatest Greenwich Village: is a wellmuseums. This is one of the reasons known, mostly residential district why New York is a place for the in Manhattan. people that love the art. Yankee Stadium: Located in the Bronx. The Yankee Stadium is home ballpark to the New York Yankees baseball team.

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SOURCE: http://opentravel.com

English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Class activities Answer the following questions 

What is the capital of the USA?

In which area are the most spectacular mountains and canyons of the USA?

What is the Continental Divide?

What is the largest river in the USA?

How many km does the river flow?

What is the area of L.A. and where is it situated?

When was it founded?

How many different languages are spoken in New York?

Name two nicknames about New York.

The Statue of Liberty is located in Liberty Island in New York.

Match the following sentences:

“In God we trust”, present in the dollar bills, and “E Pluribus Unum” (from many, one), are the country’s mottos.

19th & 20th Centuries In 1607 Nowadays

Columbus discovered the "New World". An English settlement is founded in Jamestown. English pilgrims settle in Massachusetts.

In 1620

The War of Independence.

In 1492

The American Civil War.

18th century

Pilgrims and Native Americans celebrating what it is considered the first Thanksgiving meal.

Terrorist attacks from war in Irak & Afghanistan.

Bibliography History and geography of the USA and New York city: culture links Black cat LA: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles Top 10 things to do in LA: www.virtualtourist.com, www.primetimeshuttle.com, www.travel.aol.com Top ten things to do in New York: http://opentravel.com Colegio Sagrada Familia de Elda Adva. Del Mediterráneo s/n Elda -03600- Alicante

Student names: Francisco J. Abellán Abenza & Luis Amat González Class: 1ºBach Year: 2012

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English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


The Republic of Ireland Important Facts -Currency: € -Official languages: Irish and English -Religion: Christianism -Anthem: "Amhrán na bhFiann” -Flag: Green, orange and white -Population: 4,581,269 -Area: 70,273 km2 -Counties: Ulster, Munster, Leinster and Connatch

History Happy holidays from to yours! Ireland was not inhabited untilour family dominated by hunger due to the 9.500 years ago. It is believed the first people arrived crossing a piece of land that used to unite it to Scotland. In the fourth millennium before Christ, Neolithic’s people built stone walls and monumental tombs. With the Celts, iron ages arrived to Ireland. In this period, there were 100 clans. In the 5th Century, the country became Christian. At the end of the 8th Century Celt Ireland was conquered by the Vikings. After that, Enrique II and the English Crown controlled Ireland. In the 19th Century, Ireland was

bad crops of potatoes. Around a million people died. Almost the same number emigrated to north America. In 1900, population was reduced to half. In 1921, after many years under British power, they got their independence and the island divided into two sectors, The Republic of Ireland and North Ireland, which nowadays continues being part of United Kingdom. In 1973, it became part of the UE.

Ireland is also wellknown by its famous beer Guinness.

Geography The Republic of Ireland is a sovereign state and covers about 85% of the island of Ireland. It is usually referred to as Ireland or Eire. The country’s nickname is The Emerald Isle, because of its beautiful green countryside. The island of Ireland lies to the west of Britain across the Irish Sea. Most of the land belongs to the Irish state, but the north eastern area, Northern Ireland, is part of the UK. page 5

Its capital city is Dublin. It is located on the east coast at the mouth of the river Liffey. The official languages are English and Irish, a Celtic language similar to Scottish Gaelic.

English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Dublin. In the last years Dublin has become a young city and vibrating, thanks, on the one hand, to the rebuilding of Temple Bar and the big number of museums, galleries and shops that attract thousands of tourists year around. It is also a very cosmopolitan city and this is reflected in its wide range of restaurants and new

gastronomic trends. There are many facilities available: cinemas, theatres, night clubs… One of the most popular neighborhoods is the zone of Temple Bar. In his narrow red streets you can find from traditional music in old pubs to the latest pop hits.

Dublin is crossed by Liffey’s river.

Exploring Cork and Killarney. Killarney is the place which tourists often go to explore the counties of Cork and Kerry, and visit the archeological pieces of Dingle. Despite of the bad weather many visitants feel attractive by the magnificent landscape. The inhabitants of the place are very friendly with the people that cross the quiet villages of fishermen and the cities, as Kenmare. The most adventurous ones have opportunities to ride the horse or a bicycle or go hiking. The city of Cork offers a cosmopolitan atmosphere with its galleries and homemade shops.

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Cork harbour and St. Colman’s Cathedral English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


A quick view of Dublin. Although it is a relative small city, Dublin has many attractions and is visited by millions of people every year. Among the further monuments of Dublin point out Castletown House and Powerscourt, meanwhile in the center Temple Bar offers shops, pub, restaurants and art galleries in a modern and relaxing atmosphere. If you wish you could be between the magnificent treasures of the National Museum or the pleasures of the Guinness Hop Store.

To get youself relaxed you should visit St Stephen’s Green. A well-paid visit is Trinity College one of the most prestigious universities in the world but holds and an ancient library and the Books of Kells kept in the Treasure. The National Museum shows the treasure that keeps very valuables objects as the golden ship of Broighter and a collection of beautiful pieces of the bronze Irish age. The museum allows you to walk by the Irish prehistory and the life of the Vikings age.

If you are looking for good shopping do not miss Grafton Street, where you can find Brown Thomas a very luxury store in this crowed pedestrian, and live by street performances.

Campus of Trinity College

Leyenda que describe una imagen o un gráfico.

Top ten things to do/ see In Cork and Kerry do not miss the following: -Carrigafoyle Castle- An old castle from the 15th Century. -Killarney lakes- A beatiful landscaped situated in the national park of Killarney, full of ruins of castles.

Bantry cliffs

-Valentia Island-It’s ideal for practising nautic sports and to see

archeological monuments. -Rig of Kerry-If you like mountaneering or go hiking you should have a walk there. -Bantry Cliffs & House- It is the house of Bantry’s Counts since 1739. Inside, there is an art gallery and a furniture one. It also a Bed & Breakfast. It is sourounded by the marvellous bantry cliffs. -Kinsale- It’s one of the most magnificent zones of Ireland and with a lot of historical places. It’s also well know for his spectacular food. -Cork and its very old and interestig museums and churches.

Cork cathedral.

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English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Class activities

Bibliography Guía El País Aguilar.

Colegio Sagrada Familia de Elda Adva. Del Mediterráneo s/n Elda -03600- Alicante

Student names: GALA GIL AMAT Y PATRICIA GUTIÉRREZ GÓMEZ Class: B Year: 1ªBACH page 8

English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Canada

“The Canada’s national flag known as the Maple Leaf”

This is the biggest city in Canada, Toronto

History Happy from our yours!There have always The historyholidays of Canada is defined byfamily world to to define.

“Canada is the

many different eras or phases of time that represent a defined stage of the development of the country. The history of this country has had a breakthrough, with the Vikings, with the French who settled in the sixteenth century these lands, and the United Kingdom as well as a country until independence in 1867. Canadian culture is perhaps one of the most difficult cultures in the

world's second

Geography Canada has an extremely varied topography. In the east, the mountainous maritime provinces have an irregular coastline. In the continental interior you can find the principal cultivable areas. The west is covered by parallel mountain ranges.

been a lot of immigrants. Canada is home to people from around the world. According to the Statistical Institute of Canada in Canada there are over 200 languages. 20.1% of the population are not English or French. It can be seen more in the big cities like Vancouver, Montreal and Toronto.

total area.”

Wikipedia, Canadahistory

In Canada much of the terrain is mountainous. The principal mountainous region is the Western Cordillera, or Cordilleran, mountain system located in western Canada in British Columbia, Alberta, Yukon Territory and Northwest Territories.

The west of the country is dominated Climate and the landscape are by the Rocky Mountains, where a influenced by heat, cold, humidity, wide variety of wildlife live. light and wind. The summers are short Boreal forests prevail throughout the and warm, and winters are long and country, ice is prominent in northerly cold. It rains a lot and that favours the Arctic regions and through the Rocky growth of vegetation and trees. Mountains, and the relatively These conditions are suitable to the flat Canadian Prairies in the southwest development of mixed wood and facilitate productive agriculture. broadleaf forests. page 9

largest country in

“The climate is cold, humid and windy”

English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Toronto Toronto is one of the most important cities in Canada. It is the largest city in Canada, it is a cosmopolitan city. It is inhabited by many immigrants and is also full of tourists. It has everything you need to enjoy your holiday, from arts and culture to natural areas such as Lake Ontario where you can practice outdoor sports or enjoy the views. It is also a city that has many shops and malls for shopping. Curious fact: “Toronto broke the Guinness Book of Records for having the longest street in the world”

is temperate humid with warm summers and very cold winters. Toronto is the only Canadian city with representation in six professional sports leagues. The environment suffers serious problems. By developing industry the beaches are totally contaminated.

In Toronto you can see the CN Tower, which is 553 meters high. Toronto's climate is mild because it is inside the country. The climate

Ottawa It is the capital of Canada and the fourth largest city. It is a municipality located within the Province of Ontario . Ottawa is situated on the southern bank of Ottawa River containing the mouths of Rideau Canal and Rideau River. The older area of the city is called Lower Town. Ottawa was chosen the capital city of Canada by Queen Victoria on December 31, 1857. Ottawa today is an important metropolis. Ottawa has a mild climate. The temperatures vary throughout the year. In winter it is snowy and icy. The summers are short but warm and humid.

“In Winter the Rideau Canal is frozen and people go there to do ice skating”

Ottawa is a technology center that has earned the nickname of "national hightech capital". In Canada there are several festival like Winterlude Festival in winter, Tulip Festival in spring and Canada Day in summer. It is the second largest city with more green areas. Página 2

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English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Culture Canadian culture has been influenced by the traditions and customs of English, French and native cultures. Across the country, you can find various forms of cultural expression, language, art and music distinctive to each region. The National Aboriginal Day recognizes the cultures and contributions of Aboriginal Canadians Canada's culture has many features of American culture, due in large part to its proximity and the high rate of migration between the two countries. The best places to eat in Canada are Montreal, Toronto and London.

Things to do/ see

Today the original inhabitants, the Inuit people and First Nations, make up less than 4% of the population, while about 50% of Canadian people are descendents of British and French immigrants who settled in the country in the 16th century. Canada is one of the few countries in the world that still has significant immigration programmers. Canadian is a bilingual country. French and English are the official languages with equal status in the Parliament, Federal Institutions and Federal Courts.

Traditional Canadian dish

canadamigos, wikipedia

-In Canada you can find a lot of restaurants where you can taste the typical Canadian's food. -If you are in Toronto you can go to visit the Niagara Falls , one of the most touristic places in Canada.

Vancouver

The typical food: Tourtiere

-If you like a culture, in Canada there are several activities to do like visiting the historic places of the towns, museums or theatres.

-You can get some adventure in the town of Tofino, in the Island of Vancouver. The place is famous all over the west coast of Canada, because there are beaches to do surfing and see the whales. -You can go to see an ice hockey match, that it's the sport most famous in Canada.

Niagara Falls is one of the most touristic places in Canada

Pรกgina 2

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-If you are a shopping-addict you can visit the West Edmonton Mall. This is the biggest shopping center on the world, where you can go shopping or enjoy with the cinema or pubs. English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Class activities 1-Who were the first inhabitants of Canada? 2-Where did most of the settlers in the 16th century come from? 3-Where do the majority of French-speaking Canadians live? 4-Where is Montreal? 5-What is its population? 6-What is the official language in Montreal? 7-What was the original name for the city of Montreal? 8-What percentage of the population speak French and home?

Aquí puede incluir una frase o eslogan favorito de la familia.

Colegio Sagrada Familia de Elda Adva. Del Mediterráneo s/n Elda -03600- Alicante

Student names: Sara Cano and Alejandra Amarillo Class:1ºBACHILLERATO Year: 2012 page 12

English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


South Africa Republic of South Africa • Population: 50,586,757 • Area: 1,221,037 km2 • Currency: 1,16Rand=1€  Capital: Pretoria (executive) Bloemfontein (judicial) Cape Town (legislative)

Geography Happy holidays from to yours! South Africa is a country that isour family after that nine new provinces were placed in the southern of Africa and it is divided into nine provinces. It has the richest economy in Africa and the 28th richest in the world; however ¼ of the population is unemployed and survives with less than 1€ a day.

created. Each of those provinces is governed by unicameral legislature and these assemblies elect the Prime Minister. The powers of these assemblies are regulated by the Constitution.

Before the apartheid South Africa was divided in four provinces but

“It always seems impossible until it is done”. Nelson Mandela

Rhino, a typical animal in South Africa

History South African history is based in the interaction and conflict of different ethnic groups. We can distinguish the Khoisan people who have lived there for millennia; the descendants of immigrants from the north of Africa; White South Africans who are descendants of European people; and the Colored who are descended from all of these groups, Indian and Chinese.

from Dutch that is spoken by the majority of white and Colored South Africans, and South African English. Though English is commonly used in public and commercial life, it is only the fifth most-spoken home language. Nelson Mandela make his country a symbol of reconciliation after the apartheid. He got that black and white people could live in a civilized way.

South Africa is multi-ethnic and has diverse cultures and languages. Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans, a language which originated mainly page 13

English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


j

Important cities. Part I Johannesburg: It is one of the most important cities in Africa due to its population and its strong economy. Furthermore it has one of the largest businesses of diamonds and gold in the world. However it has serious problems with delinquency and it has some neighborhoods which are very poor.

great recreational place that has hotels, bars, shops and museums. Moreover we can find some museums, art galleries or theatres. In the suburbs there are parks, golf courses and residential houses that are very bright and colorful. Near Johannesburg there is a historical place that has been declared World Heritage.

One of the most popular parks is Gold Reef City which is a

Johannesburg city

City center

Important cities. Part II Cape Town: For many people it is the most beautiful city in the world due to its nature and landscape. It is the administrative capital of the country and the most livable city in Africa. In addition, its crime rate has fallen drastically today, and it is one of the most dynamic cities in the country. Of course it is the main focus of tourism in the country. There are some places in the city that you have to visit in Cape Town like the Table Mountain, Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, the wine route, two cliffs (Pico del Diablo & Cabeza del Le贸n) or the Robben Island which is World Heritage.

This is the Robben Island and it麓s a wonderful place to visit

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English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Top ten things to do/ see Soccer City Stadium: It was built in 1987 but certain parts were reconstructed due to the World Cup 2010. This stadium is also known as FNB Stadium for commercial purposes. It is the place where Spain and Holland played the final of the World Cup 2010. Gold Reef City: It is a theme park where you can also find museums, bars, shops or restaurants. Moreover visitors can also enjoy a show at the Theatre, a 4D movie or spend all their money (or make more money) at the Casino. Nelson Mandela Square: It is a shopping mall where you can find hotels, offices, banks and restaurants. Also it is famous due to that in the center of the square there is a huge statue of Nelson Mandela. Lion Park: It is the best place to enjoy a Safari, one of the main tourist attractions in Johannesburg. You could see Johannesburg wildlife, composed of several plants, mammals and insects. However

the most significant in this park is the sighting of lions. The Johannesburg Art Gallery: It is situated in Joubert Park, one of the oldest parks in the inner city. The mission of this institution is to contribute meaningfully to the appreciation of visual culture in a multicultural society. This Art Gallery was the first museum that opened its doors in the city 100 years ago. It has a valuable collection of contemporary and impressionist art, along with works done by the main local artists. The Kirstenbosch Botanic Garden : It is considered one of the most beautiful in the world. It has more than 500 hectares where you can find cultivated gardens and and spaces recognized as nature reserve. In this garden are combined the colorful of the flowers with the beauty of the mountainous frame This garden has also home a library, a research center, an educational center and the head office of South African National Biodiversity Institute. Castle of Good Hope: This castle was built by slaves between 1666 and 1679 and it was destined to operate as a Dutch fort. Inside is located William Fehr Museum where there are important collections of African art

and culture. Today, the great lounges of this building are used for cultural events. Victoria and Alfred Waterfront: The Victoria and Alfred Waterfront is is the meeting point of races, cultures and styles and it is place of rich history and prosperous present. District Six Museum: It is a museum that remembers the expulsion of approximately 60,000blacks and coloreds people of District Six when the area was designated as 'white area'. Table Mountain National Park and the Cable Railway: The Table Mountain National Park covers three-quarters of the peninsula and it extends from the Table Mountain to Cape Town. To reach the top of the mountain you need the cableway once there you can enjoy the fantastic views.

Leyenda que describe una imagen o un grรกfico.

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English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Class activities

NELSON MANDELA QUOTES “A GOOD HEAD AND A GOOD HEART ARE ALWAYS A FORMIDABLE COMBINATION”

Questions: What is the capital of South africa? Why Nelson Mandela is important for South africa? What do you can find in Gold Reef City? How say that sentence“it always seems impossible until it is done”? South Africa is____________and has diverses cultures and lenguages South Africa history is based in the___________________of different ethnic groups Soccer City Stadium it was built in_____ In lion park you could see____________________

Bibliography: http://www.luventicus.com http://porfinenafrica.blogspot.com http://alquilercochessudafrica.blogspot.com http://www.niccolomaffeo.es http://www.dondeviajar.net http://www.sigojoven.com http://www.brainyquote.com

“EDUCATION IS THE MOST POWERFUL WEAPON WHICH YOU CAN USE TO CHANGE THE WORLD” “I DREAM OF AN AFRICA WHICH IS IN PEACE WITH ITSELF” “IF YOU WANT TO MAKE PEACE WITH YOUR ENEMY, YOU HAVE TO WORK WITH YOUR ENEMY. THEN HE BECOMES YOUR PARTNER” READ MORE: HTTP://W WW.BRAINYQUO TE.COM/QUOTES /AUTHORS/N/NEL SON_MANDELA. HTML#IXZZ1LEG6 B4JL

Student names: Nerea Verdú Ruiz y Carmen Calvo Quevedo Class: 1º A Year: 2012 Página 2201

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English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


New Zealand Special events of New Zealand . • There are 12 sheep for each habitant. • There are 4.306.400 habitants. • In New Zealand there are species unique to New Zealand

New Zealand is one of the biggest islands in the world

History Happy our family to yours! We could holidays say that Newfrom Zealand the Maoris and the Europeans was one of the last habitated countries; this was because it was discovered by some fishers from the Polynesia during the year 900 b. C. Later, at the year 1642 Abel Tasman and his crew arrived to the island, but they were killed by the Maoris. Finally, at the 1769 James Cook entered New Zealand and he started to live there with the Maoris, and on February 6, 1860,

signed the Treaty of Waitangi to live according to the structure of the Britannic government This country was also one of the first to allow the female vote. For the expansion of the country, the silver transformed all the agriculture and the war, starting from the North, to the South.

“New Zealand watchword: “Onward; it means you have to continue until the end.”

Source: es.wikipedia.org.

Geography The islands of New Zealand are located at the southwest of the Pacific Ocean. It has an extension about 2012 km. New Zealand is composed by two principal islands: the Northern Island, the Southern Island, but also there are some others: Stewart Island, the Chatham Islands, Grand Barrier Island (located at the a gulf of Hauraki), the Waiheke Island and D´Urville Island; from these five, the most habitated is Waiheke.

volcanic eruptions that happened 50.000 years ago. New Zealand pertains to a bigger island called Zealand, this one is under the Pacific Ocean, it happened 25000 millions of years ago, when no one was on the Earth. The North of New Zealand has a medium temperature of 16º C, and in the South, the medium is about 10º C.

The two principal islands are separated by 22 km in the Channel of Cook

Source: es.wikipedia.org.

The islands originated from some page 17

English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Important cities. Part I New Zealand has a lot of important cities, like Queenstown or the capital of the Island, Wellington, but now we are going to talk about Auckland. Auckland is one of the most important cities, it has over a million habitants in the metropolitan area, and this city is the biggest in the island by far. Its also called “The City of Salis.”

This is the Sky Tower of Auckland

The city is located in the North Island, on narrow isthmus of land that joins the Northland peninsula to the rest of the North Island, it also is important because its near of everywhere; in 30 minutes you can be on the beach, or at the forest seeing wild animals in their natural

environment. This is one of the most important cities because of its important monuments, for example, the Museum of Auckland or the Sky Tower. At the Sky Tower, you can climb it to the top and when you are there, you can see the full city and it marvellous landscape. There’s also a Maritime Museum, it has over 1000 years of history about the neozealands and their manners. Source: newzealand.com

Important cities. Part II Another one of the most important cities in the country is Wellington, the official capital of the State, and also the biggest capital of all Oceania. This city is located at the South of the Northern Island; this one is the second important city in the country, after Auckland. At this city there are some interesting places like the coast of Kapiti and the mountains Rimutaka. The city is home to Te Papa, the national museum, which tells the story of New Zealand’s history through bold and interactive exhibits. In Wellington you’ll discover an amazing range of cafes, art galleries, theatres, attractions and a humming nightlife. The gourmet and wine experiences of the Wairarapa region are also just a short drive away. All the Saturdays in the underground there is a market, it begins at 10 a.m. and it ends at 4 p.m. and there you can enjoy the live music from some of Wellington's finest musicians and experience why the whole family will love the Wellington Underground Market.

Wellington’s Underground Market, is a good place to go with the family.

Source: newzealand.com Página 2

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English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Top ten things to do/ see In New Zealand, you can do quite many things: 1- Bungee jumping: at the country there are a lot of places where you can jump with a rope, one of the most famous places to do bungee jumping is in the observatory of New Zealand, it has an altitude of 450 meters. 2- Swimming with sharks: at the Poor Knights Islands you can visit the sharks inside of a metal cage (is a dangerous experience). 3- Visit Maori settlements: at New Zealand you can enter to a tour and visit the old Maori settlements and learn their culture and traditions, for example: the Maori dance or the way that the Maori say “HELLO”.

4- Drive along the Pacific coast: travel by car around New Zealand is a good way to discover the marvellous wildlife of the country, also you can contemplate the ocean while you are driving you car on the road, or visit the forest and see the curious animals inside it. 5- Visit the Eastern Bays routes: New Zealand is an epic surf destination situated well into the roaring forties and exposed to the wider Pacific Ocean, its perfectly positioned to receive waves from 360° year round. Surfing in New Zealand is a remarkable experience; the coast is so diverse from the sub-tropical northland beaches to the Antartic cold catlins surf in southland.

Eastern Bays routes.

6- Sail with a boat around Auckland: you can go around Auckland and see it beautiful ports and coasts. 7- Visit The Festival of Art. Once time a year at Wellington; this festival is one of the most important festivals of the world because there are a lot of exhibitions about dance, music and another kind of demonstrations.

8- Drive around the Skippers canyons: this is one of the most important experiences you can do with a car, because those canyons have an incredible landscape. But also, if you like to walk, you can visit the canyons by foot and see from near the landscape. 9- Visit the scenarios of the “The Lord of the Rings”, because there, some parts of the film were filmed at there. One of the places is Matamata, or Takaka Hill. 10- Go to the Treble Cone and ski: you can enjoy the landscape of the snowed mountains and practice some ski there, because during all year round, there is snow in some of the mountains. Source: costasur.com

This is the Treble Cone page 19

English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Class activities -Where is Auckland? -When did the Europeans arrive to New Zealand? -What’s the most important city? -What’s the capital of the State? Where is it located? -Where is the Channel of Cock?

True or False -New Zealand has an extension about 3500 km. -You can do bungee jumping at the Sky Tower. -New Zealand is composed only by two islands. -You can swim with sharks at the Knight Rich Island. -The islands originated because of a volcanic eruption.

Bibliography Wikipedia.es Costasur.com nuevazelandaenred.com newzealand.com

Colegio Sagrada Familia de Elda Avda. Del Mediterráneo s/n Elda -03600- Alicante

Student names: Álvaro Martínez Moratalla & David Hernández Gil Class: 1º BACH-B Year: 2012 page 20

English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


The United Kingdom The history of United kingdom as a unified sovereign state began with the political union of the kingdoms of England.

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History 700 B.C: Celtic people arrive from Happy holidays from our continental Europe. 43 A.D.-410: The Romans invade and conquer most of England and Wales. 410-1066: Anglo-Saxons tribes from north-Western Europe invade and settle in England and Southern Scotland followed by the Vikings conquest in the 9th century. 1066-1485: The Normans invade Britain from France. England, Wales and the Eastern part of Ireland are

under Norman rule.

family to yours! 16th century: Wales becomes joined to England under one administration. Britain increases world exploration and becomes rich and powerful country. 17th century: The protestan Church becomes stronger. 18th century: The UK has enormous economic power. 20th century: Britain loses part of its economic power and becomes part of the European Community.

Geography The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is located off the north Western Coast of continental Europe. It consists of the island of Great Britain (England, Wales and Scotland), the north eastern part of the island of Ireland and several smaller islands. The UK lies between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, and comes within 35 km (22 miles) of the northwest coast of France, from which it is separated by the English Channel. Northern Ireland shares a 360 km international land boundary with the Republic of Ireland. The Channel Tunnel bored. page 21

The UK shield.

English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


LONDON CITY

Telephone booth and The Big Ben on the back.

London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area, and the largest urban zone in the European Union. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its founding by the Romans, who called it Lonidium. London is one of the greatest cities in the world. It´s home to over 7 million people of many different nationalities and cultures. Over 300 different languages are spoken in the city. London is also one of the few global centres for international business and has a resident workforce of more than 3.4

million people. You can visit a lot of places that the Big Ben, London eye, the Buckinham Palace, Hyde Park, the British Museum and many others greatest places to go. The city also continues to be one of the most popular tourist destinations with more than 26 million visitors a year!

Picadilly Circus

EDINBURGH CITY Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland, the second largest city in Scotland, and the eighth most populous in the United Kingdom. Located between Indianapolis and Louisville, Edinburgh, Indiana offers a small town atmosphere with a variety of amenities. Edinburgh has a strong industrial base for a community of its size with an Industrial Park located on the south side of Edinburgh, as well as, industries throughout other areas of the town. Edinburgh has a very rainy climate, far from being a drawback, is something that adds even more charm to the visit, giving an air of mystery and dark to the city. Edinburgh not only has the chance to be scared with ghost stories, but the city also has a great cultural museums in terms of respect and also the vast majority of them are free. You can learn how whiskey is made in “Scotch Whisky Experience” know what life was like the Scots during the Middle Ages… etc. The consistent Scottish dishes, combined with the outlandish and hearty breakfasts will likely turn from your holiday with a couple of extra kilos, but happy and full of unforgettable memories. Página 2

WWW.edinburgh.in.us page 22

English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Top ten things to do/ see 1.Go Fishing at Loch Lomond and the Trossachs. Loch Lomond is the largest lake in Great Britain, much of that cold, clean water teems with salmon, sea trout, rainbow trout, and grayling. 2. Climb the Cairngorms. Cairngorms National Park includes four of Scotland’s five highest peaks and large tracts of barren but beautiful highlands. In winter these mountains become a premier playground for ice climbers. 3. Visit Historic Homes in the Lake District. Wordsworth and other famed poets were once regulars here. Townend was built in 1626 and still showcases the lifestyle of that era’s wealthy local landowners. 4. Go Caving in Brecon Beacons. Brecon Beacons National Park, home to some of the U.K.’s most incredible cave systems. More than 300 million years ago, ancient seas laid down a layer of limestone, which became the foundation of a karst landscape now cut with extensive caves. 5. Go Coasteering at Pembrokeshire. The rugged, rocky boundary between sea and shore is a playground for the well equipped and wild-spirited.

You can go fishing at Loch Lomond

6. Go Boating at The Broads. The Broads is a wet and wonderful realm of lakes, marshes, and an enormous inland waterway with six free-flowing rivers. 7. Explore Hadrian’s Wall in Northumberland. Hadrian’s Wallis an enduring echo of an ancient age Exploring the wall and its associated Roman ruins involves passing through some of England’s finest countryside. 8. Go Roaming in Snowdonia. Snowdonia National Park is for walkers . 9. Go Hang-Gliding Above South Downs. . Numerous jumping-off points in and around the park make this area one of the U.K.’s most popular hang-gliding and paragliding sites. 10. Cycle to the Sea Across North York Moors. The ride offers plenty of opportunity to experience the park’s namesake moors in all their stark beauty.

The Big Ben you can’t see, you can only hear it because it is a bell.

Hadrian’s wall in Northhumbria

The London Eye

Edimburgh

page 23

English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide


Class activities

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Bibliography Write in this section all the bibliography that you have used.

Colegio Sagrada Familia de Elda Adva. Del Mediterráneo s/n Elda -03600- Alicante

Student names Gabriela Pérez y Marcos Martínez Class:1ºA Year:2012 page 24

English Speaking Countries, a Brief guide

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