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reflective development log J Tupper BA Landscape Architecture

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5............................................................................FEDERATION SQUARE_Melbourne_VIC_Australia 9...........................................................................................DOCKLANDS_Melbourne_VIC_Australia 13..............................................UMPHERSTON SINK HOLE GARDENS_Mount Gambia_SA_Australia 15...........................................................................................................SALT PLAINS_Australia Wide 17............................................................................................................TANTANOOLA_SA_Australia 19...........................................................................VALLEY OF THE GIANTS_Denmark_WA_Australia 21..........................................................................BOTANICAL GARDENS_Melbourne_VIC_Australia 25......................................................................................LAMBLEY GARDENS_Ascot_VIC_Australia 29..................................................................EGMONT NATIONAL PARK_North Island_New Zealand 31..................................................................................CHRISTCHURCH_South Island_New Zealand


NOTES_Australia & New Zealand..................................................................................................37 VONDLEPARK_Amsterdam_The Netherlands...............................................................................39 BOS PARK_Amsterdam_The Netherlands.....................................................................................42 BORNEO SPORENBURG_Amsterdam_The Netherlands...............................................................45 APELDOORN_The Netherlands.....................................................................................................49 LOTHERTON HALL_West Yorkshire_England.................................................................................53 HARROGATE SPRING FLOWER SHOW_ West Yorkshire_England..................................................56 ECOBUILD_Excel Centre_London_England...................................................................................59 LECTURE NOTES.............................................................................................................................61 YSP: JAUMA PLENSA_Wakefield_Yorkshire_England.....................................................................63

INDEX


T

aking part in an exchange to RMIT, Melbourne, for my second year of university, I believe that it was from my first lectures there that my knowledge and understanding of Landscape Architecture properly began to develop. For that reason, I am including a number of places I visited, that I personally believe caused a distinct reaction in me (whether appreciation or dislike). My experiences in Australia and New Zealand will form the initial basis of this development log, closely followed by my visit to Amsterdam and then finally gardens and landscapes across England. Eventually, forming a wide basis of exploration and an opportunity to publicise my development.

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AUSTRALIA

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NEW ZEALAND


FEDER ATION SQUARE 1


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R

ecently built, Fed Sq. sits in the centre of Melbourne CBD (Central Business District) and provides a welcomed open area to congregate in the day and throughout the night. Opposite Flinders Street train station, and surrounded by tram stops, it is easily accessible from all over Melbourne, right up until the early hours of the morning, allowing for the site to be almost constantly busy. The site is critically acclaimed by many, however there are a number of points that cause a few people concern. Obviously, the patterns upon the frontages is something that has a similar affect as marmite. It is either loved or hated. 6


Subtle red paint marks the edges of steps and drops, in order to promote any possible danger in elevation changes.

Between the cobbles of the flooring, there are clever drainage points that allow for run off water to travel through gullies to the drains rather than along the surface. Some of However, after speaking to a number them run to the base of trees, whilst of people, some with visual impairment, others go directly to the drains they have all said that the similarity beneath. of the colour pallete blurs edges and increases the possibility of falling. It is a clever design, that combines itself with the aesthetics of the site. There would have been countless other easier options, but the extra effort has resulted in a much nicer finish. 7

To deter skateboarding and biking, the edges of steps are lined with metal edges, similar to what is used in England. They are of a similar size to the cobbles used across the rest of the square, thus creating a bond with the site. Rather than simply placing the conventional deterrent down, these have been chosen because of their similarity to the rest of the materials.


Like the facade of the buildings, the glass auditorium simulates the hectic structure with geometric shapes and lines. At no point, throughout the entire site, is a curved line visible, developing a sense of continuity due to its overall design aesthetics.

The ACMI is probably the main tourist attraction for Fed Sq. (It houses similar exhibitions to Bradford Media Museum) with the information centre also bringing in more tourists.

At night, the sky is lit up by lights that are strung across the open spaces, holding similarities to the stars that would be seen without the urban light pollution.

The square holds a number of events at night, allowing for it to be used for more reasons out of the usual conventional hours.

There are also a number of aboriginal festivals that take place here across the year, celebrating the history of Australia and its culture.

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MELBOURNE

DOCK LANDS

M

elbourne Docklands is an area of the city that has recently received a huge amount of money for development and extension, so that the CBD is pulled further away from the centre. Largely still being constructed, the area holds contemporary architecture, providing residency and business opportunities, as well as sports amenities with the Etihad stadium. From Southern Cross train station, the development extends to the waterfront, guiding the public easily across main roads and to the new retail facilities. It begins to develop a new era of Melbourne city and highlights just how vigorous the growth of the population really is and the problems that it may ensue upon the city structure.

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The architecture of the docklands tries to be contemporary, moving away from the conventional approach, and creating a patchwork of styles.

The area is experiencing similar problems to Clarence Dock in Leeds. Very few people venture down to the Docklands of Melbourne, some not even realising that there is a large amount of retail development The area still seems very crisp and there. unused, with very little damage or graffiti across the entire area. Plant However, with the extensive public beds are growing well and lawns are transport network growing in the showing little signs of faltering in the area, steadily a larger number of summer heat. people are venturing to the site.

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Artwork is littered around the water front, developing a sense of originality and personality to a development that could be compared to similar projects elsewhere in the world.


Some of the developments, that were obviously designed by different companies (as the patchwork of styles would suggest), have wetlands surrounding them, capturing rain water and holding for a longer period of time.

The buildings around the dock lands do dominate what parkland there is, however its nothing too intimidating. When stood by the waterfront, the area is open enough to remain uncluttered and calm.

The dock lands history is shown through the countless docking points, littered along the waterfront. No longer used they are a reminder of how the city is constantly developing, and what were prosperous areas are always changing.

The summer seasons are so harsh in Australia, that any amount of rain water stored on site is beneficial to all flora and fauna of the area.

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UMPHERSTON

SINK HOLE

GARDENS 7


Originally a large cave carved through the dissolution of the lime stone, the ceiling eventually collapsed, leaving this unique sunken garden.

Old tree ferns, Acanthus’ and varying Hydrangeas are all abundant in the garden and show just how the site manages to retain moisture within the soil. In the height of summer, Open to the public, it is an opportunity despite the heat Australia reaches, to see a micro climate at its best. It the ground rarely dries out. is completely sheltered from prevailing winds, and partially hidden from full Originally holding a lake, it was only sun. with surrounding agriculture that the water table altered and the sinkhole was emptied.

It is astonishing to see how a variation in topography can drastically alter the micro climate of an area. This garden is nothing like any other space in southern Australia, and wouldn’t look out of place in the UK. Its lush greenery is completely contradictory to what the Australian climate is believed to be.

MOUNT GAMBIA_south Australia 14


SALT PLAINS 7


S

cattered across most of Australia, these dried up lakes sit within the landscape and form an odd atmosphere in their vicinity. With light and heat reflecting from numerous angles, the plains are often completely different to the surrounding landscape. After rain, the plains are notoriously boggy, as the salt covers the water and minimises its evaporation. The landscape around can be bone dry but there is often deep bogs beneath the salt crust.

AUSTRALIA WIDE

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TANTANOO +

SOUTH AUSTRALIA

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> >

It was quite refreshing to see the warning signs, lights and fences that are so common in England, were simply not required. The locals understood the danger, and simply used common sense.

>

H

alfway across Australia, is Tantanoola, a small village relatively remote and undisturbed by the common tourist. I stopped off there because of nightfall and found the structure of the village odd. With no boundaries the village was almost completely open plan and the railway that ran through was simply placed alongside children’s playgrounds, pubs and shops.


OLA

Despite the two lane railway, that carries huge trains across Australia, the village of Tantanoola seems undisturbed by its presence. There are no barriers, or alterations in levels to deter interaction. There is even the edge of a childrens playground just to the bottom left of this image.

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VALLEY OF THE

GIANTS

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Raising almost 40m above the ground level, the tree top walk extends around a large proximity of the native Australian forest and allows visitors to look within the highest canopies of trees.

Many of the trees within the Valley of the Giants are incredibly old, and some of them, through their natural growth and forest fires, have become hollow in the centre.

A short distance away, the Gloucester Tree allows visitors to climb 60m up a giant tree to a platform that has been built at the very top.

It is completely void of any health A number of the caverns are big and safety rules that we have here enough for four or five people to in England. It is a welcomed sight stand comfortably within. to see, for once, it hasn’t been hindered by strenuous laws. A little common sense is all that’s needed.

DENMARK_west australia 20


MELBOURNE

BOTANICAL GARDENS

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The botanical gardens in Melbourne are notorious, like many other places in Australia, for its use of water and the recycling of what little they use.

In late winter, when these photos were taken, the gardens are still full of colour and form, with dead sedum (Autumn Joy) still towering over Imperate cylindrica and Kleinia In recent years, new management mandraliscae. approaches have been incorporated to lower the demand for water up to 60% and return the gardens to a state that can cope with Australia’s climate. Even the lawn has been replaced by Weeping Grass (Microlaena stipoides), an Australian native that requires almost no irrigation.

Iris ‘jolimont’ blankets other areas of the gardens and litters the garden with purple spears. In the shaded parts of the garden, they bring a burst of colour and texture to what could have been a dull area.

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There are numerous long planting beds with a great mass of different specemin plants, all placed in consideration to their neighbouring plants. Texture, colour and structure are all complimented and contrasted against one another.

Tall elegant plants such as this Canna above stand in front of large swords of soft grasses. Contrasting form and colour.

Pathways gently bend around corners to keep intruige and suspense for longer. The blanket of carex grass’ are a nice alternative to a kirb or wall. They provide a nice structure to carry the visitors whilst maintaining the botanical factor.

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LAMBLEY GARDENS +

S

ituated in the centre of Victoria’s gold fields, Lambley gardens is notorious for strong winds, high temperatures and low rainfall. Everybody that lives in the area knows the importance of water conservation, and these dry gardens are a perfect example of how the environment is being considered and utilised to their advantage. Even with very low water levels, the gardens are still well established and in perfect health. Olive trees stand tall within the dry garden, and are submerged in perennial and herbaceous beds.

ASCOT, VICTORIA_AUSTRALIA

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At the time I visited, there was a clear colour scheme developing, with all shades of green contrasted against yellow flowers and foliage. However, the euphorbia, aremria and sedum ‘sunset cloud’ all suggested that later in the seasons warmer reds and pinks would be a dominant colour.

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It can reach as low as -6c in this part of Australia during winter nights, so any plants used have to be hardy enough to withstand the most extreme cases of weather. Warm days and freezing cold nights.


The silver foliage of the olive trees, seedums and cynara give the site variations in colour, whilst the boundary hedge provides a year round back drop. It defines the border of the gardens and focussses the eyes upon the plants in front rather than the landscape behind.

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EGMONT national park

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n the Western coast of New Zealand’s north island, Egmont vnational park is encompassed by agricultural land and is almost completely circular, encompassing the mountain within its centre. Within the park, all materials are carefully chosen to simulate what would naturally be found in context so that human intervention is unnoticeable. DOC’s (Department of Conservation) aim is to limit the amount of damage implemented on their country and sustain natures dominance naturally.

‘Te Papa Atawhai’

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7


CHRIST CHURCH

EAST SOUTH ISLAND_ NEW ZEALAND

I

visited Christchurch in January of 2010, and it was in full bloom, with flower beds upon road edges far superior to most that I have seen here in England. Dahlias, what looks like parsley and purple grasses all collaborate to make bold contrasts in texture and colour giving Christchurch a vibrancy that was unique. The tree lined roads, parklands and flower beds developed a green city that I enjoyed to be in. Despite the size of the city centre, there were very few high rise buildings giving Christchurch a sense of openness and light.

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much more inclined to walk down this street because of the trees softening the harsh linear edges of buildings.

>

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Christchurch Botanical Gardens are a collection of planting styles that I usually avoid. Bold clashing colours all thrown up in a manic style generally fills me with queasiness, but for some reason, I admired the designers courage. There was such a lack of dignity that it was brilliant to look at and simply accept it for its personality.

At times, the designer pulled the colours back to simpler styles and created my preferred style of colour palettes that compliment each other and textures that worked well with their neighbouring plants as well as the wider context. Take the alliums and pine trees as an example. The pine trees are nothing to do with the flower beds, but if you stepped back and looked upon the flower bed, their presence was suddenly noticed and tied into the atmosphere of the whole space. 35


These are the variations of flower beds that simply do not appeal to me. They remind me of care homes, delpidated parks, Roundabouts in the centre of ring roads. The dated structure of the planting and the uncomfortable groupings of plants just don’t work in my opinion.

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AUSTRALIA NOTES Melbourne, VIC

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Melbourne, VIC

Warren National Park, WA

Ceduna, SA

Culture and Art is encouraged in the public setting. Events, markets and street performers

Wire artwork alongside motorway as you enter Melbourne. Grand entrance. Unique.

Sand dunes sat within a lush green forest. Its a surprise to see such contrast in environment.

Central flower beds full of perennials and Araucaria.

Wagin, WA

Kimba, SA

Kingston, SA

The Pinnacles, WA

There seems to be an odd attraction in Australia to oversized objects.

They do have an element of fun though, and children would enjoy seeing them.

Perhaps they are to draw in tourists like myself in order to replace dying trades.

Flat ground levels with thousands of spears protruding. Unlike anything else i have seen.


NEW ZEALAND NOTES Raglan, North Island:

Raglan, North Island:

Nr. Lake Taupo, North Island

Raglan Beach, North Island

Agapanthus grow wild upon grass verges. Slightly better than our dandilions.

Wind sweeping in off the Tasman Sea. Trees struggle, but stand sculpted and elegant

Flat ground level allows the church to stand dominant. Simple & Impressive.

Low level grasses and piercing trees are interesting to look at. Defined levels.

Heathy Track, South Island

Hokitika, South Island

Sol Sq., Christchurch, Sth Island

Pancake Rocks, Punakaiki, Sth.

Free amenities, simple but incredibly valuable to public enjoyment and interaction.

Free public amenities, simple but incredibly valuable to public enjoyment and interaction.

Small laneways with corten materials used throughout, mixed with lush green plants.

Old rock formations, great texture, and a colour gradient that is very nice.

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AMSTERDAM 7


A large pond sits in the centre of the park, with a section of park in the centre, removed from public access. This central reservation holds fully grown trees and large mixes of plants. Reed beds line the edge of the river and merge habitats. Generally an exceptional contribution to the areas ecology.

Playgrounds are dispersed around the park and within the trees so that children are fully submerged within nature. This playground in particular rose high up and allowed children to be within the tree canopies, able to look down upon their parents below.

From the relatively rugged landscape of the central reservation, there is a large proportion of park that is neat and well maintained, such as these lawns. canopies

_vondlepark clear

lawn

Trees protrude from neat lawns to accentuate the topography of the site, heightening the clarity of differing levels between plants.

THE NETHERLANDS

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Fallen trees are left where they land, resulting in oddeties such as this. Its really impressive to see nature so dominant within a park and not be restricted by human intervention. The usualy circumstance would probably see this tree removed for health and safety reasons.

Cornus beds project a shot of colour to passing users of the park and excentuate seasonal changes. Next to the dark green folioage of the surrounding beds and trees it is nice to see that instant constrast in colour.

From one side of the river, seats are placed to look upon the central reservation in the centre, which is removed from public access. Perfect for nature watching, these seats look upon reed beds and woodland, that provide a variation in habitat to encourag fauna.

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_bos park

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With a predominant amount of Amsterdam being under or near sea level, the land needs almost constant attention and drainage. The efforts to make the land usable has sculpted Amsterdam into its iconic structure of rivers, canal and channels.

The channels are now incorporated into gardens and parks in an aesthetical manner, with desire routes and picturesque views being developed.

Within the park, there are a number of elevated walkways (1), long linear tree avenues (2) and sudden variations in design, with winding paths turning into dramatic large circular plantations (3).

>

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1

2

3

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7

_borneo sporenburg


“

More that 100 architects participated, developing new housing prototypes and the resulting designs include patios, roof gardens and striking views of the CABE waterfront.

“

B

orneo Sporenburg, to the north east of Amsterdam, is a new residential development that houses contemporary and sustainable architecture as well as communal gardens, waterfront amenities and business’. Tying the two sides of the river together, are two large red bespoke bridges, designed by West 8 (with a smaller third bridge further out). These bridges wave loosely across the water, one rises 12m high (nicknamed The Python because of its contours) whilst the other remains low for disabled access. Both of which, provide an element of fun as well as impressiveness. Upon the bridges are lights that have been specially designed to simulate flags blowing in the wind. An design feature that gives it an additional element of fun and creativity. 46


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Tree lined waterfront properties, picnic areas and amenities and transport links. The tram routes are actually grass covered, sustaining run off water and the ecology. I personally found the grass tram routes to be incredibly useful and provocative. With Many cities in England experiencing such damage during heavy rain, why can this element of design not be implemented? It obviously has few draw back or it would not be used in Amsterdam’s new developments. 48


_ apeldoorn

THE NETHERLANDS

I

n hour outside of Amsterdam is Apeldoorn, a small town that held the Holland Paper Biennial in 2010, showcasing work of artists and the paper media. Whilst visiting the town, this recent development stuck out as an area of intricate detailing and successful design. Residencies, Bus stations, main roads and desire lines are all incorporated into a small area whilst still keeping a sense of calmness. The tree grids beneath every tree in the central square are ornate and bespoke simulating a shattered effect (right), as if the trees have suddenly burst through the ground level. Despite the grids rusting, the careful selection of materials have clearly predicted their aging because they all still fit comfortably together aesthetically.

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The Paper Biennial was a chance to display the work of artists from around

the world, and some of the work developed structure and methods that could be utilised in my work for Landscape Architecture. It would give an additional dimension of understanding and interest if I could use the methodology behind some of these pieces. The vivid colours in contrast with subtle beiges or the careful use of lighting to highlight key areas.

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INTERDISCIPLINARY

Working with Architecture students, the inter disciplinary project gave us an opportunity to collaborate with people that we are normally separate from. Fern Island, next to Clarence Dock, Leeds, was the hypothetical site for our plans and after a number of site visits, it became an area with a vast amount of opportunity. With a distinct lack of involvement within Leeds City Centre the area is very quiet, even during peak times, and because of this we aimed to create something that pulled people to the area. One distinct void across Leeds is the Sports amenities. We wanted to create a centre that sits upon Fern Island and hangs across the water linking the two together. This dominant architecture would then act as beacon to the region.

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LOTHERTON HALL

tree lines guide your eyes and lengthen the space


I am not too sure whether Leeds Council got a discount bulk order of primroses but the sheer amount and miss match of colours across the park is quite bad. There is no consideration to colour or placement. Pure budget driven chaos.

The structure of the gardens is nice, with long vistas and gravel pathways that emanate in period design similar to the age of the house.

There are one or two perennial beds that look like with a few more weeks, would be exciting and full. However, the bareness of them in winter shows bad planning and design 56


The attention to detail, concerning the topiary clearly has been thought out, with structured orbs generally following a spherical structure, however some of the plants are a little damaged. This could either be by environmental issues or rough management.

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Gateways and doorways provide surprise for visitors to experience as they walkthrough into new gardens and alternative designs.

Long vistas and hidden boundaries give lengthy views into the surrounding environment, pulling them into the space and making the whole garden seem bigger. It ties the garden to the context and provides grandeur.


HARROGATE SPRING FLOWER This use of reclaimed tyres is a really good idea, however the lack of root space may be a down side. Although, the structure of it and its originality is really impressive and the white, black and green combination works very well together.

SHOW

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The numerous gardens at the Harrogate show all exhibited different methods of sustainability and this garden focussed upon the use of gabians and local materials. With linear beds, pathways and walls there was an element of formality and order to

There were also a large amount of gardens that focussed upon the organic natural style, something that seems to be eminent within the sustainable genre.

Can sustainability be achieved with formality?

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With a checkered floor of stone and herbs, this garden provided a little predominantly an unkept and natural garden.


This water wheel, although aesthetically nice, provided a little too much noise for the garden and, rather than being relaxing, was inappropriate for the space.

This wood stack was something that I was repeatedly drawn to. The flush edge of the circular logs provide a backrest whilst the cavities between is a perfect habitat for flora and fauna.

Something else that I have never seen before, was this turf wall and it was interesting to see the amount of interest it was attracting.

An instant wall that probably wouldn’t be able to withstand Its simply a very nice bench with somebody walking upon it, but offers aesthetics and purpose combining quick assembly and greenery. well.

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T b p a w g w a t

ECObuild


This light column is clever because of its ability to project a small lightsource and light a large space, as well as being lightweight and gentle. It would work well within almost any situation and would provide ellegance to any landscape. -->

There was a strong emphasis upon returning to relatively old methods of construction with wood and clay being dominant. Natural clay renders have varying palettes and can be used indoors whilst the towering wooden beams are durable and strong.

University of the Arts London, built this frame from reclaimed swim suits, which were recently banned from the Olympics. The structure is made from willow and in places began to grow through the material. Its a clever idea and a strong advertisement for recycling and reclamation.

--> The train system that passes the Excel Centre is astounding. Raising above the ground and winding past buildings it is quite elegant and not at all unpleasant. If greened a little more it would be very nice. Perhaps planted columns or pencil trees mirroring the structure. -->


10 FEBRUARY, 2011 EMMA ENGLAND: RIBA YORKSHIRE >”There are few events that are truly cross professional”. >”We find ourselves in an incredible flux.” >How can we shape our own identity and how can we shoe it? MEGAN SMITH: New Media Artist >GPS located narrative.

4x4 A BRAVE NEW WORLD:

IDENTITY

>Social media is becoming a physically defined space with feelings and habits of peoples being constantly expressed >Shelter is important in our society and in humanity, new technologies can cocoon and make an intimate space- making people feel instantly at home.

>Geocodes:Twitter: gain an understanding of the current thoughts of cities, towns, villages, roads etc. Shows all the comments made by a specific area and thus portrays the general mood. OWEN HATHERLEY:Journalist and researcher in Political Aesthetics, Birbeck College, London >J B Priestly - ENGLAND 1: ENGLAND 2: Industrial Revolution. ENGLAND 3: Country more Democratic - Consumerism develops - The garden City ENGLAND 4: Avant Garde: Futuristic council estates, high rises, mass demolishion, ring roads. ENGLAND 5: Post Thatcher: developments upon closed industrial sites. ENGLAND 6: New Labour: Move back into the cities- return to public transport (small flats in high rises, with a medley of materials patchworked upon the facade). KENNETH WOOD: Royal Institute of Chartered Architects >Perception of the UK is it is the most expensive place to build. >OPPORTUNITIES: Waste Inefficiency >CODE OF SUSTAINABLE HOMES / BREEAM > Carbon Reduction Commitment >”Its about the process and not just the designers pen”. “The process of how a site works because architecture could be anywhere, its how you get there that makes a place” 63


RICHARD MURPHY: Richard Murphy Architects >”You’ll be incredibly lucky if you design something that’s original”. >”Don’t try to be original. Look at what is there and work with what is there. Then make it relevant to 2011”. >Communities where people don’t have to drive to work is better than sustainable homes.

DESIGN INSIDE

17 FEBRUARY 2011

OUT

>Re-calibrating the parameters of ‘Good Design’ in an unsustainable age. Dr. Jonathan Chapman

>”The ecological crisis we currently face is a crisis of perception and not one of simply energy and materials alone”.

>An image or a picture can change perception: >Human Consumption: Consumption is natural. It is within us. Asking people to stop is a pointless endeavour. >How sustainable is it? How sustainable could it be? How can we make it more sustainable? >The product almost mirrors where you are at that time and sometimes projects it. >The concept of sustainability as a new approach rather than am attempt to fix the world_make peoples attitudes to sustainability change by removing the stigmata it holds and it will be embraced.

Waste is a symptom of a failed relationship. Durability isn’t just about blown chips and cracked plastics;

love, attachment,

fascination,

and desire can all

break

Dont try to change the world; try to change peoples understanding and relationship with the world. 64


YSP JAUME

PLENSA 61


W

ithin the underground gallery and across Bretton park, Jaume Plensa currently has an exhibition that although based within the art realm, has a lot of interaction that could be used across Landscape Architecture. Children and adults play the giant gongs, run along the hanging poetry and sit amongst the tree huggers. It manages to provide a sense of fun and elegance for all ages. Children are excited by the pieces, despite the fact there are no garish colours, controversial to almost every playground. It proves that a playground can be aesthetically incorporated into its context without being to dominant.

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Wire framed heads sit upon the roof of the gallery, allowing light to permeate through to the grass beneath them. One noticable thing about the front of the gallery is the considered material palette and how they compliment each other. This piece consists of 11 stone heads, dispersed across a room and lit by dim lights. A calmness develops as you walk through the room, which could work well within landscape architecture 67


These sculptures would be great tree protectors, but probably too expensive for most budgets. Something similar could be developed though.

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reflective Development Log  

A chance for me to catalogue places I had been across the final two years of my course and comment upon the positives and negatives of each....

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