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Northern Secwepemc te Qelmucw

Shuswap People of the North

Lexey’em “to tell a story” August 2013 - Pesqelqleten’ (Many Salmon Month)

A Chief’s Tribute to Dorothy Phillips By Nancy Sandy, Sugar Cane/T’exelc

I got to know Dorothy during our terms as Chiefs for our communities, Xatsull and T’exelc. We served during the time the Chiefs were still acting as treaty negotiators and so we saw a lot of action locally, provincially and nationally. Her leadership style was strong, persistent, opinionated, loyal, caring, and she was an incredibly hard worker. As an individual, Dorothy had all of those attributes. She was also funny, soft spoken, and sometimes, shy and naïve with a soft, gentle and kind personality. I also remember Dorothy as a talented guitar player and singer who often sang in Tsilhqot’in for gatherings of all kinds. As a mother, I knew Dorothy to have unconditional love for her children and grandchildren and she felt deeply their joys and pains. We had many heart to heart talks about the challenges in our lives as leaders, mothers and women in our society. Dorothy was incredibly honoured to be the Kukwpi7 for Xatsull. I remember we talked about her being Tsilhqot’in and Kukwpi7 in the Secwepemc Nation and the potential for conflict that might arise for her. In all of our deliberations for the Tribal Council and the Treaty Society, Dorothy weighed all the options in her decision-making, and her loyalties lay with the people who elected her to represent them. She raised her community’s issues and fought to have them recognized and respected. Some may have considered her bull-headed, but I believe she held these strong opinions because she was in a position of power, and firmly understood her role as a Kukwpi7 and the role she exercised in protecting the people’s rights. In our travels I always encouraged her to experience everything even though it might have been outside of her comfort zone. On a trip to an Assembly of First Nations meeting in Toronto we arrived at the airport, and there were no taxis in sight, and this man came running over to us and said “ladies I can bring you to your hotel for a flat rate.” I told Dorothy “come on lets go.” As we drove along I told her “do you realize we just got in a fancy long black car with a man we don’t know?” The Toronto International Jazz Festival was happening at the same time as the assembly and the hotels were heavily booked. Marg Casey got us into a hotel that had twenty plus floors in the downtown core. In the early morning hours the fire alarm went off and people were running back and forth in the hallways. I checked it out and it didn’t look serious so I went back into my room. The fire alarm went off again – I checked and no one was out in the hallways – so I just went back to bed and slept soundly for the rest of the night.

The next morning I asked Dorothy what she did and she said she had walked down all the twenty or so flights of stairs to the lobby. Down along the stairwell there were broken beer bottles and wine bottles and crazy people partying away. As we went for breakfast there was this long line of Chiefs at the hotel reception desk angrily complaining about all the partying and the noise and trying to book into a different hotel.

The Chiefs as Treaty Negotiators in the early days of the NStQ treaty negotiations (l-r) The late Antoine Archie, Canim Lake Band; Larry Camille,Canoe Creek Band; the late Dorothy Phillips, Soda Creek Band and Nancy Sandy, Williams Lake Band at the negotiating table.

Later in the day I found a hotel that had a room and I asked her if she wanted to move there and share a room. I told her “Dorothy we can pack up our junk and move or we can call this one an adventure – what do you wanna do? We only have a couple more nights and I’m sure they kicked out all the yahoos.” She agreed to stay even though there were empties in the elevator and in the hallways as we made our way out of the hotel to where the assembly was being held. There were no more fire alarms and we were safe despite the rowdiness.

I think as the two women Kukwpi7’s at the tribal council we were able to find a good balance and have camaraderie with the male Kukwpi7’s. The guys liked to tease her because she could be easily embarrassed. I remember a meeting we had in Kamloops away from all the busyness at home to review the tribal council’s personnel policy that we had commissioned. During our dinner break Dorothy ordered ribs and when they came they were these huge beef ribs that filled a platter. We laughed and laughed and she tried to share them with us but we told her “oh no you ordered them – so you have to finish everything on your plate.” I think it was Chief Antoine Archie who told her “they look like Fred Flintstone’s ribs.” As Kukwpi7’s in our communities we often carry a lot of confidential information about the individuals and families that can be a heavy burden. Sometimes it is very difficult to separate the personal from the professional. Other times we get to enjoy the successes of our people and to celebrate. We also got to be supportive of other First Nations in their endeavors and experience the many cultures in this beautiful province and

across the country. Sometimes the people forget we are human too, and the barrage of criticism or discontent can wear away the resolve to be the best we can. The words and acts of appreciation are sometimes few and far between, but those words and acts are such food for our spirit and we continue to the best we can for the people. As Chiefs of the Cariboo Tribal Council, Dorothy, Antoine Archie, Larry Camille and I decided we would always vote as a block at provincial and national meetings because we would be stronger as one. However, we also agreed to respect each other’s autonomy to vote as our conscience dictated. When the Nisga’a Treaty was being promulgated into law we decided to go to the House of Commons in Victoria and support them. We respected their right to make that decision for the Nisga’a Nation. David Zirnhelt was MLA then and introduced us in the house as witnesses to the Nisga’a Treaty. I want the people to know Dorothy’s name as Kukwpi7 of Xatsull is listed as a witness to a historic moment in First Nations and Canadian history. I celebrate Dorothy’s life and the best she had to give and remember the gifts she had as a leader and an individual. In acknowledgement of her leadership, I ask of you to honour her dedication by being kind to your fellow man, express your love for your family, and take that minute to say how so very much you appreciate your loved one. Kukstetemc Brenda, Rhonda, Debbie, Geri and Johnny, and John for sharing your mother (and spouse) with us and always be proud of her accomplishments as she was of yours.

Williams Lake Indian Band

Tèxelc Updates . . . By Willie Sellars Coyote Rock Golf Course Continues to Rock and Roll!

It’s been a great year at the Coyote Rock Golf Course and business has improved significantly. With the rise in attendance there has been a corresponding increase in advertising opportunities amongst the business community.

The day also brought back great memories to the Elders in attendance as it had been a long time since many had been to Farwell. There were about 300 sockeye caught for the T’exelc Elders and for those who aren’t able to fish.

The photo below shows the signage at hole number four which was sponsored by IDL. Over the course of the summer we had a number of very successful tournaments at the course, one of the most notable of which was our annual Fathers Day Tournament. The tournament winners were Rolph and Joel Shuetze, who won the event in a thrilling playoff hole with two other teams. In August, we also hosted the 1st Annual Taseko Mines golf tournament. Both were very well attended by community members both as spectators and participants. Spokin Lake Hunting Cabin

A cabin used for hunting on the Redeau Lake Road was recently restored by Councillor Richard Sellars and a couple of the crews from Sugar Cane. The group spent a number of days cutting, cleaning, and repairing for the fall and winter hunting season. Included in the renovations, is the addition of a cast iron wood stove. The cabin is an important resource that allows members to continue to engage in the hunting, gathering and other traditional practices that have given rise to our Aboriginal rights within the territory.

ĉlockwise from the top - Chief Ann & Willie Sellars pose with Tasko tournament participants; bench with new signage; WLIB Tèexelc territory sign; Fishing at Farwell; the heater in the Spokin Lake cabin; the Farwell fishing trip group; members at the fishing site; & middles- cabin at Spokin Lake

The cabin was built in 1994 when Nancy Sandy was chief. The members and council visited the Spokin Lake site following T’exelc’s information road block ‘to save moose habitat at Spokin Lake’ at 150 Mile. Tom Alphonse, Richard Sellars, Ted Moses and other members cut the trees on-site and built the cabin as part of a move to show that we do own and use the land. At the time the members and supporters spent the day clearing the site, cooking and there was drumming around the campfire. Since then the cabin has been used by T’exelc members for day and overnight trips. Community Fish in Farwell Canyon

Fishing for the Elders and those who don’t have the ability to engage in traditional activities is always a priority for First Nations communities. We did this in one of our traditional fishing spots at Farwell Canyon. The day was well attended by youth, employees, Chief and Council, and Elders. A fun filled day of fishing with a lunch at the end allowed us to give back to the community and instill a sense of pride in our culture. First time fishers who caught their first river sockeye salmon were Dana Alphonse, Colby Cady, and Andrew Alphonse.

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August p.2

NStQ & Treaty News



Principal Negotiator’s Report by Jim Doswell


Activities in Support of Outcome

1. Current State of Negotiations

We are currently moving through all of the chapters as well as working on the joint development of a second land offer with the Province

2. Current Tri-Partite Work Plan 3. Monthly Negotiations Update

Attached to report

While I was unable to attend the most recent session I have been briefed and it has been reported that it was a productive session. The team made their way through several chapters and I have reviewed the outcomes of these discussions. We will conclude and approve these suggested changes at the August meetings. In advance of the July meetings I spoke at length with our team members as well as BC and Canada to ensure that the meeting went well.

4. Summary of Related Meetings

5. Complete general reports from Chief Negotiators Forum

I spent the first 20 or so days of the month in meetings and in conversation with the provincial and federal representatives in order to ensure a smooth meeting in my absence. I also spoke with negotiators from other First Nations to discuss issues of common interest. I have also spoken with political representatives from both Canada and BC regarding aspects of support and specific issues regarding our negotiations. Allan Tweedie, NSTC Treaty Negotiator attended on our behalf this last meeting

6. G2G Negotiations Update

Little progress has been made of late. I will be discussing this matter with Mark Lofthouse next week.

We have secured 2 TRMs so far this year

2 TRM’s to be put before Canada

‘A tribute to a dedicated and gifted Leader’

Shuswap Tribal Council.

Mike Archie-Chair, Northern Shuswap Te qelmucw

Dorothy Phillips was one amongst those pictures as she served as Chief of her community in the early to mid 1980’s as well.

This is a Tribute to a beautiful hard working dedicated and gifted First Nations Female Leader-Dorothy Phillips whom I had the opportunity to work with in my role of leadership with the Northern

I had the opportunity to serve on the NSTC/NSTS Board of Directors with Dorothy Phillips during 2001-2007 and recall my first meeting walking into the boardroom. Dorothy greeted me with a smile and hand shake congratulating me on my Office of Chief for my community.

I begin with my prior visits to the NSTQ Tribal Office and looking in awe at the pictures of remarkable and renowned passed leaders that served our NSTQ Government which were hanging on the wall of the NSTC boardroom. They are the ones who have been tasked with the colossal and sometimes ungrateful task of decision making body. I recall seeing how each individual leader’s picture looked as they each have a sense of pride and confidence. I also had an idea of the time and commitment it must take and the pressureindeed a balance of vision for our people.

It was easy to pick up her energy and I felt at ease to work with her, knowing that she served on council prior felt reassuring of the expertise she brought to the table. I had the opportunity to hear and witness her beautiful voice and gift of playing the guitarDorothy had come to support our community during the church services for the loss of one of our community members-she sang and played the guitar. I witnessed how her voice and music touched the heart of our community and family’s at the time of need-she was there. I think this in itself was her special gift which she shared so freely with all. Carrying onto business as usual, Dorothy always listened intently, kept notes and thoughtfully

Next Chief Negotiator’s Meeting October 17-18, 2013 MUSQUEAM CULTURAL CENTRE, 4000 Musqueam Avenue, Vancouver, BC

phrased her questions or comments straight and direct-whether it was a budget item or governance process. I recall during a hearing taking place with her community dealing with mining Dorothy never missed the opportunity to update and address the board on her community concerns and request for support. Dorothy held her community very close to her heart and was dedicated and committed and loyal to our First Nation Government at NSTQ as a whole-a strong leader with vision and compassion and endurance. In closing, it has been an honor and a privilege to work and learn from Dorothy Phillips and thank the community of Soda Creek for sharing her with us-your choice in leadership has helped us all. Kukstemc, Me7e Wiksten

The Lexey’em is brought to you by the Northern Shuswap Tribal Council and The Williams Lake Tribune Publisher: Lisa Bowering,The WLTribune Editor: Agness Jack, NSTC Advertising: The WL Tribune

Next Summit Meeting

September 12, 2012

Lexey’em is an independent community newspaper, published monthly, by the Williams lake Tribune and the Northern Shuswap Tribal Council.

September 25-27, 2013:

Fifth anniversary of United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples:

The circulation is 500, and it is distributed to the NStQ members through the community treaty offices, to various businesses in Williams Lake and it is mailed out to the NStQ members throughout B.C. and North America.

protection of Indigenous peoples’ rights to lands, territories and resources more urgent than ever.

It is also available on the Northern Shuswap Tribal Council website at & by e-mail to NStQ members. If you would like to receive the Lexey’em by e-mail please forward your e-mail information to

Chief Joe Mathias Centre, 100 Capilano Road, North Vancouver

Firs t Nat ion New s Open for Business- Centre for First Nations Governance

New Centre focuses on Governing Traditional Lands, First Nations Law Making and Organizing for SelfGovernance

August 2013


Tribute to Dorothy Phillips - as a Leader Assembly of First Nations I am writing to express my sincere condolences to you, your family, friends and community at this time as we mourn the loss of former Chief Dorothy Phillips. I have been asked as well to convey the deepest condolences and sympathy on behalf of the Assembly of First Nations National executive. We are all very saddened to hear of her passing.

Last year the Government of Canada cut its funding for the now defunct National Centre for First Nations Governance (NCFNG). Staff rallied to continue offering quality governance services and today we are proud to announce the opening of an independent, self-funded social enterprise.

Dorothy will be remembered by First Nations people across the country as a dynamic leader who always stood up for her community and insisted on respect for our citizens and our rights. Among many, many examples, I recall her strong advocacy around the Supreme Court of Canada’s Delgamuukw decision and her demand that Canada and the province honour the decision with fairness, honesty and respect.

The new Centre for First Nations Governance (CFNG) places a strong focus on effective self-governance, offering nation rebuilding workshops and community forums to help First Nations improve their day-to-day operations while they work to re-assume control of their economic, cultural and political future.

The leadership of former Chief Phillips saw no boundaries, as a strong, powerful Tsilhqt’in woman, she provided years of leadership at Xats’ull, a member of the Secwepemc Nation. She had many accomplishments and made many contributions as a leader, as an individual, as a family member and friend.

Vancouver, June 20, 2013 –

CFNG provides services in three critical areas: • Visioning and planning for self-governance • Governing traditional lands • First Nations lawmaking and policy development

Please know that our thoughts and prayers are with you at this difficult time.

To address a continuing demand for services, facilitators delivered workshops and forums while working to launch CFNG.

Shawn A-in-chut Atleo (original signed by Shawn Atleo)

The new centre is positioned to become the best service of it kind because it is built upon the work of its predecessor, the National Centre for First Nations Governance (NCFNG). NCFNG was established in 2005 as an independent not-for-profit organization with annual funding from the Government of Canada. The Centre operated with 34 staff in six offices across Canada. In 2006, NCFNG commissioned leading academics and lawyers renowned for their work in Aboriginal law and governance to prepare a body of research that could support the governance work required by First Nations. The Centre used this research, along with extensive feedback from First Nations citizens and leadership, to build the foundation for a series of nation rebuilding workshops for delivery in communities. In it’s six years of operation the Centre delivered well over 200 workshops to citizens and leaders. By directly engaging and partnering with First Nations citizens, youth, elders and leadership in the community, NCFNG was able to identify the issues and solutions necessary to create services that resonated with and motivated participants to take action on the governance challenges that mattered to them and their communities. At the end of April 2012, the federal government notified the NCFNG that funding would not be available in 2013. NCFNG let go of its staff and closed its doors. The announcement of the closure precipitated considerable feedback from clients, academic partners and even government officials encouraging the Centre to find a way to continue its popular work. Inspired by this support, former staff and a host of volunteers rallied to create a new non-profit enterprise that is self-funded, truly independent and dedicated to effective self-governance. We chose to give the new centre a modest name change. Today we are called the Centre for First Nations Governance. For more information, contact Len Hartley toll free: 1 866 922 2052 email:

Kleco, kleco

AFN National Chief




NSTC witness and assist with transfer of fish bound for northern communities NSTC - Wednesday, July 21, 2013 - The Northern Shuswap Tribal Council through the Fisheries Department Manager, Gord Sterritt, made arrangements for the Department of Fisheries and Oceans personnel from Lillooet and Prince George to transfer approximately 200 Early Stuart sockeye that were seized in St’at’imc (Lillooet) and Nlka’pamux (Thompson in the Lytton area) traditional fishing area.

( left - Right) Gord Sterritt, former NSTC Fisheries Resource Manager,;Chief David Archie, Stswecem’c Xgat’tem First Nation; DFO fisheries officer; Williams Lake Band Councillor Willie Sellars (who was ‘acting chief’ at the time of the fish transfer); and, SXFN Band Councillor Allan Adam

The St’tat’imc and Nlka’pamux made the arrangements with the Carrier Sekani Tribal Council, in Prince George, to have the Early Stuart sockeye delivered to them for distribution amongst their members. In a St’at’imc Government services press release sent to NSTC by St’at’imc Fisheries Manager, Janice Billy, the St’at’imc wrote:

Chief David and Willie Sellars check out one of the bins filled with frozen Early Stuart sockeye.

The Early Stuart Run continues to be a stock of concern, and we will not fish this run until we are assured it is sustainable. Every fish counts. Historically, the St’at’imc chiefs maintain a strong stance of conservation in support of the Early Stuart Run. While our responsibilities of conservation are the utmost important aspect for this run, unfortunately this mandate continues to not be respected by some individuals. As a result Department of Fisheries and Oceans charges are be8ing laid and over 200 Early Stuart fish have been seized.

(below) Transferring one of the bins into the DFO pickup bound for Prince George.

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Northern Shuswap Tribal Council

17 South First Avenue, Williams Lake BC V2G 1H4 Ph: 250-392-7361 Toll free: 1-888-392-7361 Fax: 250-392-6158

Executive Director - Yvonne Smith Treaty Team Coordinator - Allan Tweedie Executive Assistant - Frieda Belleau Communications Coordinator - vacant Communications Assistant - Agness Jack

Stswecem’c/Xat’tem First Nation (formerly Canoe Creek


General Delivery, Dog Creek BC, VOL 1J0 Ph: 250-440-5649 Toll free: 1-888-220-4220 Fax: 250-440-5672

The NSTC member bands and the community members have also respected the closure of the Early Stuart sockeye run, for conservation purposes and to allow the first Nations from Prince George and to the northwest to the Stuart and Takla lake region to be able to catch their food fish. Williams Lake Indian Band councillor Willie Sellars, Stswecem’c/Xgat’tem First Nations Chief, David Archie and band councillor Allan Adams were on hand with Gord Sterritt at the tribal council office to assist with and to witness the transfer of fish. Also on hand to witness the transfer were Yvonne Smith, NSTC Executive Direct, and Charlotte Morrow, NSTC Fisheries Coordinator.

Northern Secwepemc te Qelmucw

Treaty Manager - Ernest Kroeker Governance - Allan Adams Treaty Assistant/Comm. - Rick Archie

Tsq’esecn’ (Canim Lake Band) PO Box 1030, 100 Mile House BC VOK 2E0 Ph; 250-397-2002 Toll free: 1866-797-2277 Fax: 250-397-2769 Treaty Manager - Elizabeth Pete Governance - Helen Henderson Treaty Assistant - Melody Henderson Mapping Tech/Communications - Irene Gilbert

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Xat’sull/Cmetem’ (Soda Indian Band) 3405 Mountain House Road, Williams Lake BC V2G 5L5 Ph: 250-989-2323 Fax: 250-989-2300 Treaty Manager- Gord Keener Governance - Cliff Thorstenson Treaty Assistant -Kellie Louie

T’exelc (Williams Lake Indian Band) 2672 Indian Drive Williams Lake BC V2G 5K9 Ph: 250-296-3507 Toll free: 1-877-856-3507 Fax: 250-296-4750 Treaty Manager - Chris Wycotte Governance - Charlotte Gilbert Communications - Kirk Dressler Treaty Assistant - Judy Boston

Soda Creek Community News

August 2013


Marion Chelsea ‘excited about joining the Aboriginal Youth Internship Program Her family has supported her by moving with her to Kamloops so she can finish her Bachelor of Business Degree with a major in Accounting at Thompson Rivers University. She is excited to be joining the Aboriginal Youth Internship Program for its seventh year. The valuable skills and experience that this program offers will coincide wonderfully with her professional and educational goals, as well as pursuing a career in Finance.

Marion Chelsea was born Marion Phillips of Xaťsūll (Where the soda bubbles out from the cliff). Her father is Wilfred Phillips of Xaťsūll, and her mother is Ada Sellars of Cmetém’. Today these two nations are recognized under the name of Soda Creek Band. Xaťsūll is the northern most tribe of the Secwépemc, and its people are proud to have connections to many of its neighbouring communities. Marion has always been a dedicated person and applies herself steadily. She grew up under the extended tutelage of her Grandparents, Aunts and Uncles, who helped instill the importance of preservation of culture, language and environment. Marion is a strong believer in upholding traditional beliefs and customs, as well as respecting and honouring others. Many of her early studies were geared towards science and literature. Marion is married to Owen Chelsea (Snenéwt) of Esќétemc First Nation, which is home to a number of the remaining Elders whom are fluent in Secwépemc. They have a ten year-old hockey player named Rowen.

(Left – right) Krista (sister) -- Rowen (son) --Marion -- Ada (Mom and grandmother to Rowen )-- Owen Chelsea wearing the hat standing behind Ada (Marion’s husband)-- Wilfred (Marion’s and Krista’s dad, Rowen’s grandfather) Uncle Kaw-liga

The View by the Meadow By Dorothy Phillips

I visited this beautiful, isolated place in the meadow A rough winding road led to an old log cabin, which was at the edge of the meadow The trees stood tall, with branches touching, as it they were a family A few yards below the cabin was a shallow, coiling creek bed I sat and listened to the rippling photo top left - Dorothy on the Unity Ride sound as the waters flowed so to an area near the old St. Joseph’s Mission freely site The frogs leaped in and out of the water and the fish jumped teasingly as I watched I took a long stroll through the green pastures I knew all the secret paths through the thick , red willows The sweet scent of flowers lingered in the air At the skirt of the ath was a small opning

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As I came to the edge, there was a large deer graing freely in the meadow I crouched down and watched curiously for a few moments The sky looked so beautiful as the sun was setting The sunset peeked over the hillside, as if bidding me farewell As I treaded back along the path, I heard the piercing cry of coyotes A slight fear came over me, but rolled off my back As I reached the cabin, I felt restored by nature I poured myself a cup of coffee, and sat outside on the porch I looked in fascination at the magnificent view of the meadow I closed my eyes and leaned back in my chair All I could hear in the silent night was the clicking sound of crickets Like a picture, the memory is etched on my ming When things get hectic, as they sometimes do, All I have to do is close my eyes and visualize this beautiful meadow, my sanctuary.

Pesqelqleten’ NStQ Member Writes ... What I Have Learned On My Healing Journey

By Nancy Sandy, Sugar Cane/T’exelc

I have been on a healing journey for about a third of my life. I have tried every self-help method to heal myself without any knowing I was not well. In my library there are about five bookshelves filled with books on acupressure, addictions, aromatherapy, Buddhist philosophy, Chinese and Japanese medicine, Brain Trauma and Cognitive Rehabilitation, First Nations plants and medicines, massage, natural herbal remedies, reikei, reflexology, stretching and exercise, tai chi, Tibetan medicine, trauma, western medicine, and yoga to name just some of them. I have CD’s and DVD’s of all of my favourite music and performances which include blues, Cajun, classical, country, opera and zydeco to fill me with the joy of music. I have also utilized the talk therapy with several different therapists – some I threw away, others I coasted along with – dumping my wah-wah’s until the next week, and a couple of really good ones who knew how to delve into the farthest reaches of my mind and the trauma I never wanted to go to. I have also kept journals where I record the same wah-wah’s and sometimes have surprised myself by actually analyzing my behaviors. My next endeavors are to visit as many spiritual sites as I can in the whole world. I have come to understand from all that reading the Creator has given us all:  the gift of intellect – to figure things out, to plan the next steps, to do the work in front of us, to pay attention  the gift of sight – to see things as they are, to see where we are going, to see what is good or wrong with a given situation, to see the people in front of us and the joy or sadness in them


 the gift of laughter – to laugh a little, to laugh heartily, to laugh until I cry  the gift of sleep – to rest my tired body, to rest my tired mind; and  the gift of dreaming – to dream big dreams, to dream about a better life For the longest time I did not cry. Once a therapist asked me when I cried and I told her “on special occasions.” She cried for me then. I did not talk or tell for 28 years and holding the trauma inside of me made me emotionally, mentally, physically and spiritually sick. I had recurrent nightmares and still cannot sleep without a light on or with my back to the door. I was mentally, physically and spiritually tired all the time. It was when I seriously started utilizing the gifts of speech, tears, laughter and dreaming that I started to heal. I quit listening to my ego and the stories in my head that told me my sicknesses were all physical, and acknowledged the anxiety, claustrophobia, depression, and hyper-vigilance. I never ever wanted to acknowledge that I was mentally ill because I associated mental illnesses with ‘crazy’ people. I am still uncomfortable with that label and my intellect and ego stretches to find a softer, gentler, more acceptable name. But, how can depression, so relenting one finds herself sinking into a deep black hole she feels like she will not have the strength to come out of, be a soft and gentle illness? How can the body or mind travel to a different place during times of stress be a soft and gentle method of coping? Depression is a mental illness with the power to isolate us and is lifethreatening, and there is nothing soft and gentle about that fact. Mental well-being has

Nancy with some of her family

(left -right) Dancing Water (Nancy’s daughter) , Nancy, and two of her sisters, Jean and Amy, and Storme (Amy’s daughter). NSTC file photo

to be balanced with the emotional, physical and spiritual aspects for us to be whole. When we are off-balance our bodies provide many signals, and when we do not pay attention we pay some dire consequences. I have found that Qelmucw who successfully travelled on their healing journey have gone back to the culture, the language, the land, and the spirituality to become well again. The power of the land to heal us is immense – the very beauty of nature surrounding us, the sound of the water in the creeks or rivers, the different sounds of nature. Acknowledging Mother Earth in all of her forms is to acknowledge our human form and our being – as a Human Being. Collecting and processing our foods, creating our art forms, speaking our language and going in the sweat house brings us back to our true humanness of being Qelmucw7úwi. ‘

 the gift of hearing – to hear the beautiful sounds of nature and the beings on mother earth, to hear people speaking to us of their joys and anguish  the gift of smell – to smell the scents of mother nature, to smell the aroma of our favourite foods, to smell the scent of our little babies, to smell the dangers that are inherent in a given situation  the gift of taste – to taste all the wonderful foods and healthy drinks, to taste a lifestyle and know inherently it is unhealthy The greatest gifts in my healing journey have been:  the gift of tears – to cry for joy, to cry in pain  the gift of speech – to talk lovingly to my loved ones, to talk about the joys and pains in my life

Shuswap Gathering 2013 - Mini Pow Wow Grand Entry - (l-r) Chief Ron Ignace of Skeetchestn, Chief Wayne Christian of Splatsin; Chief Mike Archie of Tqèscen’; Chief Shane Gottfriedson of Tk’emlups; Chief Nelson Leon of Bonaparte; Chief Ann Louie of T’exelc; Chief Rita Matthew of Simpc; Chief Fred Robbins of Esk’et; and Chief Judy Wilson of Neskonlith. More photos & story in next issue

SSLCS & Stswecem’c Xgat’tem By-Election

August 2013


Coyote Juggles His Eyes ̓ stens re Tseq̓ míns tken-tqéltk re ckwetktú Senxúxwlecw Coyote went to a big gathering m-nes ne secplúl ̓k̓w re Senxúxwlecw m-séysus. to take part in games with the people there. Xweywéyt re stem tc̓ wentéses te qelmúcw. He beat at every game! T̓cum xwexwéyt! Then Raven, that’s Raven! Yiri7 re Setsé7 Raven wanted to take Coyote ̓s eyes out. m-tsúntem-ekwe e skwéctem te ckwtú̓ stens te Setsé7 He told him “Pop them out and stick them back in!” m-tsúns-ekwe, “Xexelíp, xelxeláq!” He took his eyes Kwéctem te ckwetkwtú̓ stens. (and that is how Raven took his eyes) They let him go to find his way back home. M-kllékstmentmes e spelq̓ ílcs. Coyote was lost. m-plépes re Senxúxwlecw. He felt his way around to see what he could find T̓7ek tr̓ i7 mesmúsens stémi e spepens So that he could make himself some eyes E sk̓úlems tek ckwetkwtú̓ sten. He found some Kinnikinik, Kinnikinik berries. Penmíns re Elk, re elkéllp te speqpéq. He took them, stuck them into his eye sockets m-kwénses, xelxílqenses ne ckwtu̓ stens m-wíkmes, and he could now see, but he couldn’t see too well. K̓emell pe-tá7us put k sle7s k swíkems. He took off down the mountain M-sesúxwenstes té m st7̓ ek. And he asked the trees, m-séwenses re tsreprép “Stém̓ i yi7éne tek tsrep?”, “What kind of tree are you?” Emétctmes te skwest.s re tsrep: “White Pine” “Seléwllp!” The Coyote went on again, “what kind of tree are you”, it said T̓ri7 m-séwens neri7 nek̓u7 te tsrep, “Stém̓ I tek tsrep-k?” “I am a Fir tree” “Tsq̓ ellp ren s7emetentsútst.” Coyote said “That’s it that’s it! I ̓m going down! And asked again, “what kind of tree are you?”. m-sewens cúy̓tsem, “Stém̓ I yi7éne tek tsrep?” “Subalpine Fir”

“Melénllp” He went further down and asked the trees, T̓7ek te̓ m sesúxwenst, m-séwenses re tsreprép, “What kind of tree are you?” “Stém̓ i-k tek tsrep?” “Cottonwood” “Mulc” “There, there I ̓m getting near” said Coyote. “Yirí7, yiri ̓7 ren sme7é7iy!” tsút-ekwe re Senxúxwlecw. He set out again and asked another tree, he was told “Alder” M-tsúntem “Q̓ welséllp”. Coyote went down again and asked, “What kind of tree are you?” M-sesúxwenst cúy̓tsem, m-sulltímcwes “Stém̓ i tek tsrep?” “Poplar” “Melmeltéllp” I ̓m getting closer! Yirí7 ren sme7é7iy!” Coyote set out from there and asked again, “What kind of tree is it?” Qwetséts tr̓ i7 re Sek̓lep, re Senxúxwlecw. T̓ri7 m-sulltímcwes, “Stém̓ I ri7 tek tsrep?” He was told, “Saskatoon Bush” M-lexéy̓ectem, tsúntem, “Speqpeqéllp” I have arrived! “Yirí7 ren skiktsc!” ‘

When he arrived, the birds told him, m-kítscwes re spipyúy7e m-tsúnses, “Pop them out and stick them back in!” “Xexeli ̓p xelxele̓q” “Four times” Mús-ekwe And his eyes came back. Yirí7 re spelq̓ ilcs re ckwetkwtú̓ stens. He could see again. M-wíkmes cúy̓tsem. Coyote was well again. m-yews ri7 re sle7s re Senxúxwlecw. And off he went. m-w7écwes tr̓ i7.

̓ (Ida William re stsptekwlls. Te Simpcwúlecw rer

Stswecem’c Xgat’tem By-elections NSTC Release, Wednesday, August 29

Councillor By-Elections were called in Dog Creek and Canoe Creek with the resignations from Band Council of Larry Harry and Charles Billy earlier this summer Hank Adam was elected by acclamation for the Canoe Creek Electoral Area. The election in the Dog Creek Electoral Area was held on August 27, 2013. Louise Harry beat out fellow candidates Rick Archie and Catlin Duncan. Voting results: Louise Harry - 32 Votes Catlin Duncan - 7 Votes Rick Archie - 3 Votes The next general Band Election for Chief and Councillors will be in June 2014. The Stswecem’c Xgat’tem First Nation is one of only two in Canada that has two separate Electoral Areas. What this means is each community, Dog Creek and Canoe Creek elects Band Council members to represent their

community. There are 3 Councillors from Dog Creek and 2 from Canoe Creek. There is one Chief to represent both areas. To vote for a Band Councillor, you must live in that community: there is not mail-in voting for Councillors Positions. So a voter must live in Dog Creek to vote for the Dog Creek Councillors or live in Canoe Creek to vote for the Canoe Creek Councillors. Off reserve members cannot vote for Councillors candidates. However, every Band member over the age of 18 can vote for Chief and there is mail-in voting for the Chief position. To make matters more interesting, any Band member over the age of 18 may nominate and/ or second candidates for all positions in either community regardless of where they live. Any Band member over the age of 18 may run for any council position in either community regardless of where they live (Dog Creek, Canoe Creek or off reserve). However, when it comes to the voting, residents can only vote for councillor candidates in the community they live in and there is no mail in voting for councillor positions.

The Vancouver Island ‘Douglas Treaties’



B.C. Archives seeks world heritage status for Douglas treaties By Edward Hill - Victoria News, August 07, 2013

A weathered ledger is held in the B.C. Archives vault. The notebook is typical for 150 years ago, but it set into motion the colonial settlement of Greater Victoria, and the sidelining of Aboriginal people for generations. Titled with flowing script “Register of Land Purchases from Indians,” the ledger contains 11 of the 14 Vancouver Island treaties, also called the Douglas treaties. In the eyes of the day’s colonial government, the documents recorded the purchase and transfer of the vast majority of Greater Victoria to the British Crown. “This is basically an Hudson’s Bay Co. register to record trade, weather and labour,” said archivist Raymond Frogner. “The documents embody a lot of the colonial process – good, bad and indifferent.” The Douglas treaties remained the only written agreements with Aboriginal people in BC for nearly 150 years, were held up by the Supreme Court of Canada as a basis to protect Aboriginal rights, and continue to fuel First Nations lawsuits against the governments of BC and Canada. For their enduring connections to the province’s past and present, the B.C. Archives and the Royal B.C. Museum are submitting the Douglas treaties to the UNESCO Memory of the World register, an international program to preserve and highlight the world’s foundational heritage documents. “We are looking to get these documents UNESCO status,” said Jack Lohman, CEO of the RBCM. “That would put them up to being among the most important documents in the world.” Frogner, coastal Aboriginal history expert, is drawing up the document justifying the inclusion of the treaties to the Memory of the World. The entry will be submitted to Canada’s UNESCO committee in Ottawa in September, and if it makes the cut, will be passed to the international body in Paris, France. Canada currently has four document collections on the register, including the entire Hudson’s Bay Co. archive in Winnipeg. “It’s interesting that in BC there are only 14 land title documents written in the colonial era until the Nisga’a treaty (in 2000),” Frogner said. “Land title and rights were never settled and were pushed aside for quite a while as BC expanded.” James Douglas, the Hudson’s Bay Co. chief factor, which represented the British Crown, was given the job of establishing the Crown Colony of Vancouver Island in 1849 as means to head off U.S. settlers and expansion. The colonial office ordered Douglas, who Frogner called “lost at sea” in terms of negotiating land deals, to legally secure land for Fort Victoria from local Aboriginal people. In April 1850 he called a meeting with leaders of the Songhees and struck verbal agreements with nine sub-groups, recorded the names, and each leader marked the ledger with an X. The colonial office in London gave Douglas the text of the land purchase, about four months, after the fact, based on New Zealand’s 1840 Treaty of Waitangi with the Maori. “For a set of blankets and coins, the Songhees groups returned verbal agreements and land and title rights were passed to Hudson’s Bay Co.,” Frogner said. “Douglas explained to the colonial office what he had done, and in August 1850, the colonial office said ‘great, here’s the body of the text’. “It seems to be an ad-hoc, improvised document. Legal parameters were lacking because Douglas was not a lawyer.” In the next few years, Douglas created agreements with 13 Aboriginal groups in Greater Victoria and Vancouver Island, with each treaty preserving vaguely worded “villages and enclosed fields” for First Nations, and hunting and fishing rights, using the same wording as the Maori treaty. Promises within the text of future surveys to properly carve out colonial and Aboriginal boundaries never materialized.

The Douglas treaties were ignored as fast as they were written, but were used in a ground-breaking case in 1964 between the Crown and Nanaimo First Nation to reassert Aboriginal hunting rights. In 1982, all preexisting treaties were adopted into the Canadian Constitution, giving them the weight of constitutional law. The Douglas treaties were the basis for BC giving the Songhees and Esquimalt First Nations $31.5 million in return for the legislature property, which was initially set aside as First Nation reserve land in 1854. Last year, the Songhees and Esquimalt First Nations filed separate lawsuits covering 376 acres in Saanich’s Cadboro Bay based on the “villages and enclosed fields” being preserved in perpetuity for Aboriginal people. The next court hearing on that lawsuit is set for Aug. 8 in Victoria. The treaties still fire First Nations people’s passions, as shown in a packed ceremony in May that renamed Mount Douglas as Pkols, its precolonial name. Tsawout First Nation chief Eric Pelkey said “It’s where the Douglas treaties were signed in 1852 by James Douglas as the Queen’s representative. Since that day, successive colonial governments have not honoured those treaties.” “There’s no record of when the treaty came into the archive. It was probably in large intakes of colonial records,” Frogner said. “You can see the value attached to Indian land records. At the time it was downplayed in a lot of ways.” Two copies Douglas sent to London have never been found.

Soda Creek Indian Band Employment Opportunity Job Title: Band Administrator Job Summary: The Band Administrator is responsible for the successful leadership and general management of the organization according to the vision, objectives, and strategic direction set in conjunction with the governing body. The Band Administrator is responsible for the efficient management of all programs and departments, setting goals and measuring the achievement of the organization’s objectives by leading the community’s governing body as a skilled administrator who is a positive role model. This role focuses on establishing effective working relationships with community groups, funding agencies and other external contacts, the efficient financial responsibilities of the organization, economic development, treaty negotiation and other improvements for the organization. Education and Experience:  Diploma in Business, or a related field  Five to seven years of progressively responsible program management experience preferably in the community social service sector or with First Nations groups  Experience supervising and managing staff as well as developing and managing budgets  Knowledge of legislation on Labour Code, Occupational Health and Safety, Privacy & Human Rights  Knowledge of financial and reporting requirements for AANDC  Knowledge and experience in human resources and financial management, governance procedures, and the treaty process Skills and Abilities: • Ability to work independently and build effective interpersonal relationships • Ability to work collaboratively with the leadership team in the establishing of goals, and preparation of budgets and funding proposals • Ability to self-regulate, meet deadlines, have attention to detail • Recognizes and respects all cultural diversity and has an understanding of Aboriginal culture Type of Employment: 35 hours per week, subject to 90-day probation – full benefit package after completed probationary period. Working Conditions:  Must be able to obtain and maintain a Criminal Records Check  Must be able to obtain and maintain a valid BC Driver’s License  Must provide a vehicle in good operating condition and appropriate vehicle insurance to meet program requirements Salary: As per company salary grid, this position is Pay Grade 8 For a complete job description and application package contact: Sheri Sellars, Interim Executive Assistant Email: Soda Creek Indian Band 3405 Mountain House Road Williams Lake, BC V2G 5L5 (250) 989-2323 FAX (250) 989-2300

Frogner noted the Douglas treaties did recognize Aboriginal people have rights and title to land and resources and “represent for the British an attempt to reconcile irreconcilable social differences and limit the damage of colonial advance.”

Applications will be accepted by email, hand delivery, fax, or by post. Please provide a cover letter with salary expectations and availability.

“It was also the first step toward the reserve system, residential schools and the Indian Act,” he said. “That wasn’t envisioned in the treaties, but that’s the outcome.”

NOTE** Applications received after 4:30 PM on September 12, 2013 will not be considered. Only those selected for an interview will be contacted. Preference will be given to persons of Aboriginal ancestry as per Section 16(1) of the Canadian Human Rights Act.

Application Deadline: September 12, 2013 at 4:30 PM

United Nations News

Nations urged to honour treaties with natives

UN official calls for broken deals to stop By Michael Woods, Regina Leader Post- August 10, 2013

for Canada and Treaty First Nations,” said spokesperson Erica Meekes.

A top United Nations expert on indigenous rights is calling on countries across the world to honour treaties with indigenous peoples, saying doing so is a crucial part of addressing historical wrongs and moving toward reconciliation.

While the treaty relationship between First Nations and the Crown is supposed to be one of peaceful coexistence in which people mutually share and benefit from land and resource wealth, it has been one-sided, Bellegarde said.

Prof. James Anaya, the UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, didn’t specifically mention Canada, but his remarks come as treaty talks between the Harper government and First Nations leaders appear to be making little headway.

“You see one side - the nonindigenous side - reaping all the benefits of the land and resources, and what you see on our side is poverty. That’s not what the spirit and intent of those treaty relationships was meant to be.”

“Full respect for treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements is a crucial element in advancing toward reconciliation with indigenous peoples,” Anaya said in a statement to mark the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples. “Broken treaties must become a thing of the past.” Anaya also said he will make an official visit to Canada from October 12 to 20, permission for which he had been requesting since February 2012. UN rapporteurs must have the consent of member countries to make official visits. High-level talks on treaty implementation were a major commitment of a meeting in January between Prime Minister Stephen Harper and First Nations leaders at the height of the indigenous Idle No More protests. Aboriginal leaders have long called for nation-to-nation talks to implement and enforce treaties signed between the Crown and First Nations. But while talks on comprehensive claims (modern-day treaties) have progressed well since then, the treaty implementation talks have lagged. At Assembly of First Nations (AFN) National Chief Shawn Atleo’s only meeting with Harper since January - it came almost six months later, in June - he hand-delivered a letter from Saskatchewan Regional Chief Perry Bellegarde, the AFN’s point man on treaties, asking for clarity on the authority and mandate of a joint senior oversight committee on treaty implementation. Bellegarde said he has yet to receive a response from the prime minister, but hopes to receive one “any day now.” “We want to see the confirmation in writing about the commitment to treaty implementation and treaty enforcement ... treaty by treaty, nation by nation,” he said. A spokesperson for Aboriginal Affairs Minister Bernard Valcourt said the government is committed to improving the relationships stemming from historic treaties. “Treaty work is ongoing with the AFN to achieve key priorities

Honouring treaties would involve, among other things, a new fiscal relationship between First Nations and the federal government, Bellegarde said. To accomplish this, Bellegarde has floated the idea of a new federal “Canada-First Nations relations” department with a broader mandate than that of the current Department of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development. He also suggested establishing an independent treaty commissioner with the authority to negotiate the implementation and enforcement of treaties. The aim of Anaya’s visit is to examine the human rights situation of Canada’s indigenous population. “The Special Rapporteur will hold meetings and consultations with government officials, as well as with indigenous nations and their representatives in various locations,” a UN statement said. Anaya wasn’t available for an interview. He will then file a report, the first version of which will be submitted to Canada for its comments. The final version will be presented to the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva. Special rapporteurs aren’t always treated warmly in Canada. Last year, the Harper government condemned the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, Olivier De Schutter, after he decried Canada as having a “self-righteous” attitude toward hunger and poverty. But First Nations leaders across the country have expressed optimism about Anaya’s visit. Atleo has said the visit will “hold up a mirror” to Canada regarding its treatment of indigenous peoples. Bellegarde expressed similar sentiments. “We look forward to his visit,” he said. “Anytime you can bring awareness to other countries of the world about Canada’s lack of recognition, enforcement and implementation of treaties, it’s a useful tool.”

August 2013


Three Corners Health Services Society Annual General Meeting Friday, Octorber 18, 2013 Sugar Cane: Elizabeth Grouse Gymnasium * for more info - contact 3 Corners Health @ (250) 398-9814 or your Community’s Health Department

NStQ - Soda Creek

Pesqelqleten’ p.11

Dorothy Phillips - My Story by Dorothy Phillips The Eulogy was read by her brother Ervin Charleyboy Written by Dorothy September 15, 1990

My name is Dorothy Phillips, I am a Chilcotin (Tsilhqot’in), originally from Alexis Creek Band. My mother (inkwell) raised me and my older sister on her own, up until I became ill with tuberculosis. I was sent away to Sardis at the age of four, where I stayed for a year. I never understood why I dreamt of falling through ice when I was young. I always had these continuous nightmares about stopping breathing and under the ice; I would try to find an opening. One day I sought out Mary Jane Charleyboy, I had to see her for some reason. She informed me that I died before I went to Sardis. She told me quote un-quote, “You died, you stopped breathing, the hospital did not know what to do with you; you went into a coma and we did not know if you were alive or dead. They transferred you to the Sardis Hospital.”

She moved to Merritt in 1992 and started the Bachelor of Social work Program at Nicola Valley Institute of Technology. She faced many struggles that life tried to throw at her; but she always seemed to find this tremendous strength that helped her through. She graduated from her program in 1995; and flourished from there. Mom had a knack of succeeding at anything that she did. She was an ambitious woman. She became a leader in her community; and was well respected by all who met her. She was blessed with several grandchildren; of which she took on the grandmother role with such and pride. Our mother enjoyed playing the guitar and was an inspiration to many. People from all over requested her to record them on tape or cd. Our mother gladly shared her talent. She was outspoken and treated everyone with fairness and equality. She taught us to be respectful of both our backgrounds, Chilcotin and Shuswap alike. Our mom was a great story teller, she would pull you right into her stories. She will be greatly missed as a leader, mother, grandmother, sister, and a friend.

No one could answer my question before until she told what happened to me. This is the statement I made in 2009, once I started reading the stories that I tell. I have always tried to understand why I walked among the dead when I sleep. I always dream about people who are about to pass and those who have passed on. (One of our mothers gifts was to also know when new life was coming, she knew when a woman was pregnant before the woman even knew, and she continuously shared her dreams with those around her. - Dorothy’s family’s contibution) As far as I remember, I never went home because I was transferred to the Mission when I was five years old. When I finally went home for the summer holidays, a lot of things changed. My mother married a widower who had seven children of his own, four daughters and three sons. I have a lot of respect for my stepfather, even though I wasn’t his child... he accepted me. He took me berry picking, fishing and he always told me stories before I went to bed. I decided to quit school in grade seven. When I turned sixteen, I left home. I moved to Fish Lake, where I took some courses. I started to drink quite heavily. This is where I met John. I became pregnant when I was seventeen years old. On November 17, 1975, I gave birth to my daughter Brenda. John and I lived common law for four years before we got married. I started to think about my children’s future a lot. In 1978, my husband and I decided to quit drinking. On August 8, 1979, a year after we sobered up, we got married. We now live on the Soda Creek reserve, with four beautiful daughters and one son. Before I decided to go back to school, I was working for the Soda Creek Band. I was a Community Health Representative for three years. My responsibilities were working with the Elders, and working with the youth. It was a part-time position but it was a demanding position. I enjoyed it for a while, but soon I became discontented. I started to get frustrated and soon my patience ran out. So on May 31 I resigned. I felt that I needed to do something for myself. I enjoy all kinds of sports. I loved playing baseball, volleyball and bowling. I love challenging games such as scrabble and crib. My talents are playing the guitar and singing in my Chilcotin Language. Being a parent can be frustrating sometimes and it is also wonderful at the same time. All the children have responsibilities of their own; they each do chores. I’ve always made sure that they get the love I can give them. I realize my children will take difficult paths, but for now I give them the guidance that they need. The guidance that I was never given; not because my mom did not care, but because the parent was taken away from her. It was taken from her when we were sent to residential school. (Dorothy’s children added) Our mother took one of the biggest steps of her life, she went back to school. It was not easy for her with five children and being separated by her husband.

COMMUNITY MEMBERS FROM: Canim Lake Band - Tsq'escen' Canoe Creek/Dog Creek Band - Stswecem'c/Xgat'tem Soda Creek/Deep Creek Band - Xats'ull/Cm'etem Williams Lake Band - T'exelc

Williams Lake – September 12th St. Andrews United Church, 1000 Huckvale Place Dinner will be served at 5:00 pm to 8:00 pm

Kamloops – September 17th Hotel 540, 540 Victoria Street Dinner will be served at 5:00 pm to 8:00 pm

Merritt – September 18th Nicola Valley Institute of Technology, 4155 Belshaw Street, V1K 1R1, Room U011 Dinner will be served at 5:00 pm to 8:00 pm

Vancouver – September 19th Sandman Hotel Vancouver City Center, 180 West Georgia Street Dinner will be served at 5:00 pm to 8:00 pm Agenda: To Be Determined For more information PLEASE contact your Treaty Manager.

The NStQ Community Treaty Managers contact information can be found on ‘page 5’ of this issue of the Lexey’em

Northern Shuswap Tribal Council Look For Upcoming Ads for NSTC Skills Development: “The NSTC Journey” (Pending funding) courses and training will be offered in your community!

August 2013 p.12

Computer Corner by Dave Feil Cell Phone and Texting Etiquette

The NSTC Journey Training/Education 2013-2014 Have you wanted to attend post secondary and it seemed unreachable? This is your opportunity to participate in upgrading/training/courses right in your community! NSTC and TRU are providing participant supports for you to complete your Education Journey. The following programs are being offered:

1. 2. 3.

Stewardship of the Lands Language Teacher Education Administration/Governance Training to commence August 2013- April 2014 In Your Community! Xatsull-Soda Creek Band T’excelc-Williams Lake Band Stswecem’c/Xgat’tem-Canoe/Dog Creek Tsq’escen’-Canim Lake Band Please contact Skills Development at 250-392-7361 ext 221 to discuss registration requirements. (pending funding contribution agreement)

‘the Lexey’em’ - Deadline: Thursday, September 12 @ 4:30 NStQ Citizen Data Base The NStQ Citizen Data Base is up & running. The NSTC needs your current information. To have your information included, visit, call or e-mail the ‘contact’ person for your community. Northern Shuswap Tribal Council Dave Feil Contact person Ph: 250-392-7361, Ext, 206 Fax: 250-392-6158 Canim Lake (Tsq’escen’) Jesse Archie Ph: 250-397-2227 Fax: 250-397-2769 E-mail: Stswecem’c Xat’tem First Nation Loni Fastlin Ph: 250-440-5645 Fax: 250-440-5679 E-mail: Soda Creek (Xats’ull) Vacant E-mail:

Ph: 250-989-2323 Fax: 250-989-2300

Williams Lake (T’exelc) Shawna Philbrick Ph: 250-296-3507 Fax: 250-296-4750 E-mail: shawa

The Citizen Data Base will assist in areas such as planning for funding needs for Citizen training & education programs.

Cell phones have become an unavoidable part of modern life for many people, but their presence in so many places can lead to situations in which users are inconsiderate of others. Just as general rules of etiquette vary among cultures, so do rules of cell phone etiquette. Still, some basic principles cross cultural norms — common sense and courtesy are the cornerstones of polite cell phone use. Respecting public and personal space, maintaining privacy, and not disturbing others are some general principles a person should keep in mind when using a mobile phone. Cell phone etiquette is usually at its most important in public spaces, where one loud talker can disturb a large number of people. How a person uses his or her phone in more private situations matters too, however, to those who are concerned with being considerate. Many people find it rude when someone takes a cell phone call on a date or during a private social engagement with others. Along the same lines, it’s usually thought to be inconsiderate to take a call in the middle of a conversation; if the caller were there in person, he or she would likely wait to politely interrupt at a more appropriate time. When in a small group or one-on-one situation, it’s best for someone receiving the call to not pick up unless it’s an emergency. In almost all cases, phones should be turned off in movie theaters, playhouses, observatories, or any other public place where an audience’s attention is focused on a performance or event. A ringing phone or a conversation can be very disturbing to other audience members, who have often paid money for the experience. In some cases, performances have been stopped in progress as the performers wait for an audience member to leave or silence his or her phone. Phones should be turned off anywhere in which silence is important and disruptions should be kept to an absolute minimum. This includes meetings, courthouses, libraries, places of worship, doctor’s offices, weddings, and funerals, where a ringing phone could indicate a lack of respect. It’s also best to turn off a phone during a job interview, as it can suggest that the person being interviewed is more concerned with personal issues than the job. There are a lot of reasons you choose to answer a phone, but before you do remember that the person in front of you is the most important at that time. Portions of this article were taken from wiseGeek In the Next Issuewatch for stories on: 1. The Shuswap Gathering held at Green Lake and hosted by Canim Lake Band (Tsq’escen’) 2. The Canim Valley 4-H 2013 Show and Sale

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